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  • blue spirea (plant)

    Verbenaceae: …Asian species, is exemplified by blue spirea, or bluebeard (C. incana), an oval-leaved shrub up to 1.5 metres tall with clusters of bright blue flowers in the autumn. Other tropical plants such as the Chinese hat plant (Holmskioldia sanguinea) and species of pigeon berry, or golden dewdrop (Duranta), and glory-bower…

  • blue spruce (plant)

    spruce: Major species: The blue spruce, or Colorado spruce (P. pungens), has a similar range and is used as an ornamental because of its bluish leaves and symmetrical growth habit. The Norway spruce (P. abies), an important timber and ornamental tree native to northern Europe, is used in reforestation…

  • Blue Steel (film by Bigelow [1989])

    Kathryn Bigelow: She described Blue Steel (1989), which she cowrote and directed, as a “woman’s action film.” The crime drama starred Jamie Lee Curtis as a policewoman who is stalked by a serial killer. Bigelow’s next film, Point Break (1991), centres on a FBI agent (played by Keanu Reeves)…

  • blue straggler star (astronomy)

    Blue straggler star, star of bluish colour (and thus hot) that is found in old star clusters and that appears to be lagging behind most of the other stars in the cluster in its evolution toward a cooler, reddish state. Blue stragglers tend to be strongly concentrated toward the centre of the

  • Blue Streak (roller coaster)

    roller coaster: Expansion in the United States: The Fireball (formerly the Blue Streak) was hyped as the fastest coaster ever built, but the Chicago park’s claim that it reached speeds of 100 miles (160 km) per hour was likely exaggerated by almost 35 percent. The Chicago building code limited track height to 72…

  • Blue Suede Shoes (song by Perkins)

    Carl Perkins: …break came in 1956 with “Blue Suede Shoes,” which he wrote after observing a dancer taking pains to preserve his new footwear. The song made the Top Five on the pop, country, and rhythm-and-blues charts, an unprecedented feat. En route to New York City to perform on national television, Carl…

  • blue tanager (bird)

    tanager: …eight species of Thraupis, the blue, or blue-gray, tanager (Thraupis episcopus, sometimes virens) is common from Mexico to Peru and is introduced in Florida.

  • blue tit (bird)

    animal social behaviour: Social interactions involving sex: …example, female blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) that accept copulations with males in addition to their mates have faster-growing offspring, suggesting genetic benefits of extra-pair mating. In red-winged blackbirds, the females not only benefit through increased offspring performance, but they are allowed access to food on the extra-pair male’s territory.…

  • blue toadflax (plant)

    toadflax: Blue, or old-field, toadflax (L. canadensis) is a delicate light blue flowering plant found throughout North America. From North Africa come the cloven-lip toadflax (L. bipartita) and purple-net toadflax (L. reticulata), both of which have purple and orange bicoloured flowers.

  • Blue Train (album by Coltrane)

    John Coltrane: …of a high quality, particularly Blue Train (1957), perhaps the best recorded example of his early hard bop style (see bebop). Recordings from the end of the decade, such as Giant Steps (1959) and My Favorite Things (1960), offer dramatic evidence of his developing virtuosity. Nearly all of the many…

  • Blue Train (train, South Africa)

    South Africa: Railways and roads: The luxurious Blue Train—which primarily runs the 1,000 miles (1,600 km) between Pretoria, Johannesburg, and Cape Town—and the surviving steam-operated services are popular tourist attractions.

  • Blue Valentine (film by Cianfrance [2010])

    Michelle Williams: …her emotionally raw performance in Blue Valentine (2010), which sketched the story of a crumbling marriage, Williams captured an Oscar nomination for best actress.

  • blue vanda (plant)

    Vanda: The bluish-flowered blue vanda (V. coerulea) and the dark-spotted V. tricolor are other well-known species.

  • Blue Veil, The (film by Bernhardt [1951])

    Curtis Bernhardt: 1950s and ’60s: …Bogart as a gunrunner, while The Blue Veil (1951) was a soap opera of a high order, centring on a nurse (Jane Wyman) who sets aside her own desires to serve a variety of patients over a lifetime; this nearly forgotten role earned Wyman an Academy Award nomination. The Merry…

  • Blue Velvet (film by Lynch [1986])

    David Lynch: Lynch conceived, wrote, and directed Blue Velvet (1986), an unsettling and surreal mystery that was widely regarded as a masterpiece and earned him another Oscar nomination for best director. He came to wide popular notice, however, with the deeply strange television mystery/soap opera Twin Peaks (1990–91), which he created with…

  • blue vervain (plant)

    verbena: The blue vervain (V. hastata) reaches a height of 1.5 metres (5 feet) and produces spikes of blue to purple flowers. The Eurasian species V. officinalis, the herb of the cross, was once considered a medicinal plant.

  • Blue Virgin of the Miracles (festival)

    Caacupé: …celebrate the festival of the Blue Virgin of the Miracles, whose shrine stands on Caacupé’s central plaza. The National Agronomic Institute, created in 1943, operates a large experimental farm in Caacupé to research crops. The town also manufactures tiles. Caacupé can be reached by paved highway from Asunción. Pop. (2002)…

  • blue vitriol (chemical compound)

    copper: Principal compounds: Cupric sulfate is a salt formed by treating cupric oxide with sulfuric acid. It forms as large, bright blue crystals containing five molecules of water (CuSO4?5H2O) and is known in commerce as blue vitriol. The anhydrous salt is produced by heating the hydrate to 150…

  • blue weed (plant)

    bugloss: Viper’s bugloss (Echium vulgare), also known as blue devil or blue weed, has bright-blue flowers and grows to a height of about 90 cm (35 inches). It is a bristly European plant that has become naturalized in North America. Purple viper’s bugloss (E. plantagineum) is…

  • blue whale (mammal)

    Blue whale, (Balaenoptera musculus), the most massive animal ever to have lived, a species of baleen whale that weighs approximately 150 tons and may attain a length of more than 30 metres (98 feet). The largest accurately measured blue whale was a 29.5-metre female that weighed 180 metric tons

  • blue whaler (fish)

    Blue shark, (Prionace glauca), abundant shark of the family Carcharhinidae found in all oceans, from warm temperate to tropical waters. Also known as the blue whaler, the blue shark is noted for its attractive, deep-blue colouring contrasting with a pure-white belly. It is a slim shark, with a

  • blue wildebeest (mammal)

    gnu: The blue wildebeest, or brindled gnu (C. taurinus taurinus), of southern Africa is the largest, weighing 230–275 kg (510–605 pounds) and standing 140–152 cm (55–60 inches) tall. The western white-bearded wildebeest (C. taurinus mearnsi) is the smallest, 50 kg (110 pounds) lighter and 10 cm (4…

  • blue wren (bird)

    Fairy wren, any of the 27 species of the songbird family Maluridae (sometimes placed in the warbler family Sylviidae). These common names, and bluecap, are given particularly to M. cyaneus, a great favourite in gardens and orchards of eastern Australia. The male has blue foreparts with black

  • Blue, Operation (World War II)

    Battle of Stalingrad: …to achieve that end with Fall Blau (“Operation Blue”), a proposal that Hitler assessed and summarized in Führer Directive No. 41 on April 5, 1942. Hitler’s goal was to eliminate Soviet forces in the south, secure the region’s economic resources, and then wheel his armies either north to Moscow or…

  • blue-and-white porcelain (pottery)

    Blue-and-white ware, white porcelain decorated with blue under the glaze. At least as early as the 9th century, underglaze blue had been used in the Middle East, whence it was introduced to China in the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368). Particularly notable are the blue-and-white wares produced in China

  • blue-and-white ware (pottery)

    Blue-and-white ware, white porcelain decorated with blue under the glaze. At least as early as the 9th century, underglaze blue had been used in the Middle East, whence it was introduced to China in the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368). Particularly notable are the blue-and-white wares produced in China

  • blue-and-yellow macaw (bird)

    macaw: One species, the blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), has been recorded eating at least 20 species of plants, including many toxic to humans. In Manú National Park in Peru, the members of five macaw species converge by the hundreds at mineral-rich riverbanks to eat the clay there, which may…

  • blue-backed fairy bluebird (bird)

    fairy bluebird: The blue-backed, or Asian, fairy bluebird (Irena puella) lives in the wetter parts of India, the Himalayas, southwestern China, and Southeast Asia. The Philippine fairy bluebird (I. cyanogaster) is found on Luzon, Polillo, Leyte, Samar, Mindanao, Dinagat, and Basilan. The two species are notable for the…

  • blue-backed manakin (bird)

    manakin: Two or more male blue-backed manakins (Chiroxiphia pareola) perform an intricate circular dance; momentarily afoot and in the air among two sloping branches, they move together like a rotating fireworks wheel. The long-tailed manakins (Chiroxiphia linearis) of Costa Rica perform their dances on a horizontal perch in the understory…

  • Blue-Backed Speller (work by Webster)

    Noah Webster: …American lexicographer known for his American Spelling Book (1783) and his American Dictionary of the English Language, 2 vol. (1828; 2nd ed., 1840). Webster was instrumental in giving American English a dignity and vitality of its own. Both his speller and dictionary reflected his principle that spelling, grammar, and usage…

  • blue-banded kingfisher (bird)

    kingfisher: …in several species, including the blue-banded kingfisher (A. euryzona), the Sulawesi kingfisher (Ceyx fallax), the brown-winged kingfisher (Pelargopsis amauropterus), and some of the paradise kingfishers (Tanysiptera) of New Guinea.

  • blue-banded sea snake (reptile)

    sea snake: …a 2019 study of the blue-banded sea snake (or annulated sea snake, Hydrophis cyanocinctus) found a highly vascularized area between the snout and the top of the head, which allows oxygen to be transported directly from the water to the snake’s brain. Sea snakes give birth in the ocean to…

  • blue-black glacier bear (mammal)

    Black bear, (Ursus americanus), the most common bear (family Ursidae), found in the forests of North America, including parts of Mexico. The American black bear consists of only one species, but its colour varies, even among members of the same litter. White markings may occur on the chest,

  • blue-breasted waxbill (bird)

    cordon bleu: cyanocephalus) and the Angola cordon bleu (U. angolensis), also called the Angola waxbill, or blue-breasted waxbill.

  • Blue-Brie (cheese)

    dairy product: Varieties of cheese: The resulting “Blue-Brie” has a bloomy white edible rind, while its interior is marbled with blue Penicillium roqueforti mold. The cheese is marketed under various names such as Bavarian Blue, Cambazola, Lymeswold, and Saga Blue. Another combination cheese is Norwegian Jarlsberg. This cheese results from a marriage…

  • blue-capped cordon bleu (bird)

    cordon bleu: …two other species are the blue-capped cordon bleu (U. cyanocephalus) and the Angola cordon bleu (U. angolensis), also called the Angola waxbill, or blue-breasted waxbill.

  • blue-collar worker (economics)

    industrial relations: Individual and collective action: It should be noted that blue-collar workers who have highly marketable skills derive individual bargaining power from their potential mobility. In general, however, blue-collar workers around the world are more likely to form unions and bargain collectively to promote and protect their interests.

  • blue-eyed grass (plant)

    Blue-eyed grass, any of the more than 75 species of Sisyrinchium, native to the Americas and the Caribbean. These grasslike members of the iris family (Iridaceae) bear starry, yellow, white, or blue to violet flowers with six petallike segments and wiry, fibrous rootstalks. Two species, S.

  • blue-eyed soul (music)

    Blue-eyed soul, music created by white recording artists who faithfully imitated the soul music of the 1960s, a select few of whom were popular with black audiences as well as white listeners. In contrast to the scores of white performers who simply covered—some would say stole—the compositions of

  • blue-faced booby (seabird)

    pelecaniform: Reproduction: The masked booby (Sula dactylatra), for example, breeds in dense colonies on islets off Ascension Island but in dispersed patterns on Christmas Island (Pacific). Breeding in a number of species is normally dispersed; the red-footed cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi) of South America, for instance, often nests on…

  • blue-footed booby (bird)

    booby: The blue-footed booby (S. nebouxii) occurs in the Pacific from southern California to northern Peru and on the Galápagos Islands. Boobies’ bills are long, their bodies cigar-shaped, and their wings long, narrow, and angular. They fly high above the ocean looking for schools of fish and…

  • blue-fronted amazon (bird)

    parrot: Common in aviaries is the blue-fronted Amazon (A. aestiva) of Brazil; it has a blue forehead, a yellow or blue crown, a yellow face, and red shoulders. The yellow-crowned parrot (A. ochrocephala) of Mexico, Central America, and from Ecuador to Brazil has some yellow on the head and neck, a…

  • blue-gray glacier bear (mammal)

    Black bear, (Ursus americanus), the most common bear (family Ursidae), found in the forests of North America, including parts of Mexico. The American black bear consists of only one species, but its colour varies, even among members of the same litter. White markings may occur on the chest,

  • blue-gray gnatcatcher (bird)

    gnatcatcher: ) The blue-gray gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea), 11 cm (4.5 inches) long, with its long white-edged tail, looks like a tiny mockingbird. With short, quick flights, it is able to catch insects in midair, but it usually gleans them from tree branches. It breeds locally from eastern Canada…

  • Blue-Gray Mountains (mountains, Lesotho)

    Maloti Mountains: …border by another range, the Thaba Putsoa (Blue-Gray) Mountains; it is extended nearly to the southeastern border by the Central Range. All these mountains belong geologically to the Stormberg Series (Upper Triassic Period) of the Karoo System; they are composed of sandstone and shale overlain by basalt. Their rugged terrain…

  • blue-gray tanager (bird)

    tanager: …eight species of Thraupis, the blue, or blue-gray, tanager (Thraupis episcopus, sometimes virens) is common from Mexico to Peru and is introduced in Florida.

  • blue-green algae (organism)

    Blue-green algae, any of a large, heterogeneous group of prokaryotic, principally photosynthetic organisms. Cyanobacteria resemble the eukaryotic algae in many ways, including morphological characteristics and ecological niches, and were at one time treated as algae, hence the common name of

  • blue-ribbon jury

    Blue-ribbon jury, a group, chosen from the citizenry of a district, that has special qualifications to try a complex or important case. The blue-ribbon jury is intended to overcome the problems of ordinary juries in interpreting complex technical or commercial questions. In the United States

  • blue-screen process (photography)

    motion-picture technology: Special effects: …printing can be combined with blue-screen photography to produce such effects as characters flying through the air. Ordinary superimposition cannot be used for this effect because the background will bleed through as the character moves. To create a traveling matte shot, it is necessary to obtain an opaque image of…

  • Blue-Stockings, The (play by Molière)

    The Blue-Stockings, comedy in five acts by Molière, produced and published in 1672 as Les Femmes savantes. The play is sometimes translated as The Learned Ladies. Molière ridiculed the intellectual pretensions of the French bourgeoisie in this subtle, biting satire of dilettantes. The central

  • blue-striped grunt (fish)

    grunt: …blue-striped, or yellow, grunt (Haemulon sciurus), a striped, blue and yellow Atlantic fish up to 46 cm (18 inches) long; the French grunt (H. flavolineatum), a yellow-striped, silvery blue Atlantic species about 30 cm (12 inches) long; the margate (H. album), a usually pearl gray species of the western…

  • blue-throated macaw (bird)

    macaw: …risk of extinction include the blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis) of northern Bolivia, the great green macaw (Ara ambiguus) of northern Colombia and Central America, and Lear’s macaw (Anodorhynchus leari) of Brazil. The most recent confirmed sighting of a non-captive Spix’s macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii)—the bird that inspired the popular children’s films…

  • blue-veined cheese (food)

    Blue cheese, any of several cheeses marbled with bluish or greenish veins of mold. Important trademarked varieties include English Stilton, French Roquefort, and Italian Gorgonzola. Most blue cheeses are made from cow’s milk, but Roquefort is made from the milk of the ewe. Spores of species

  • blue-winged pitta (bird)

    pitta: The blue-winged pitta (P. moluccensis), whose wings are not only blue but also emerald, white, and black, is common from Myanmar (Burma) to Sumatra. The eared pitta (P. phayrei) is less colourful but sports deep chestnut hues and a distinctive set of white pointed head plumes.

  • blue-winged shoveler (bird)
  • blue-winged teal (bird)

    anseriform: Ecology: …of the blue-winged teal (Anas discors), which nests up to 60° N in North America and winters beyond 30° S, a distance of over 9,600 km (6,000 miles). In the Old World the northern shoveler (Anas clypeata) has a similar distance of up to about 11,000 km (6,800 miles).…

  • blue-yellow colour blindness (physiology)

    colour blindness: Inherited and acquired colour blindness: Blue-yellow colour blindness, by contrast, is an autosomal dominant disorder and therefore is not sex-linked and requires only one copy of the defective gene from either parent to be expressed. Achromatopsia is an autosomal recessive disorder, occurring only when two copies of the defective gene…

  • blueback (fish)

    Blueback, common name for a number of blue-coloured fishes, particularly the lake herring, or cisco, a whitefish (q.v.); the summer, or glut, herring (see herring); and the sockeye salmon

  • blueback salmon (fish)

    Sockeye salmon, (Oncorhynchus nerka), North Pacific food fish of the family Salmonidae that lacks distinct spots on the body. It weighs about 3 kg (6.6 pounds); however, some specimens may weigh as much as 7.7 kg (17 pounds). Sockeye salmon range from the northern Bering Sea to Japan and from

  • bluebeard (plant)

    Verbenaceae: …Asian species, is exemplified by blue spirea, or bluebeard (C. incana), an oval-leaved shrub up to 1.5 metres tall with clusters of bright blue flowers in the autumn. Other tropical plants such as the Chinese hat plant (Holmskioldia sanguinea) and species of pigeon berry, or golden dewdrop (Duranta), and glory-bower…

  • Bluebeard (literary character)

    Bluebeard, murderous husband in the story “La Barbe bleue,” in Charles Perrault’s collection of fairy tales, Contes de ma mère l’oye (1697; Tales of Mother Goose). In the tale, Bluebeard is a wealthy man of rank who, soon after his marriage, goes away, leaving his wife the keys to all the doors in

  • Bluebeard (film by Ulmer [1944])

    Edgar G. Ulmer: Detour: …one of his best films, Bluebeard. The horror thriller featured John Carradine as a puppeteer and painter in 1800s Paris who murders his female models; Parker was cast as one of his prospective victims.

  • Bluebeard (ballet by Fokine)

    Sir Anton Dolin: …title role in Michel Fokine’s Bluebeard (1941).

  • Bluebeard’s Egg (short stories by Atwood)

    Margaret Atwood: …volumes as Dancing Girls (1977), Bluebeard’s Egg (1983), Wilderness Tips (1991), Moral Disorder (2006), and Stone Mattress (2014). Her nonfiction includes Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing (2002), which grew out of a series of lectures she gave at the University of Cambridge; Payback (2008;

  • Bluebeard’s Eighth Wife (film by Lubitsch [1938])

    Ernst Lubitsch: Films of the mid- and late 1930s: …and Colbert were paired in Bluebeard’s Eighth Wife (1938), but, despite a Charles Brackett–Billy Wilder script, it also failed at the box office, and Paramount finally let Lubitsch go to MGM.

  • bluebell (plant, genus Hyacinthoides)

    Bluebell, (genus Hyacinthoides), genus of 11 species of bulbous perennial plants (family Asparagaceae, formerly Hyacinthaceae) native to Eurasia. The bell-shaped blue flower clusters of English bluebell, or wild hyacinth (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), and Spanish bluebell (H. hispanica) are borne on

  • bluebell (plant)

    Harebell, (Campanula rotundifolia), widespread, slender-stemmed perennial of the family Campanulaceae. The harebell bears nodding blue bell-like flowers. It is native to woods, meadows, and cliffsides of northern Eurasia and North America and of mountains farther south. There are more than 30 named

  • blueberry (plant)

    Blueberry, any of several North American shrubs of the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae), prized for their sweet edible fruits. Hailed as a “superfood,” blueberries are an excellent source of dietary fibre, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, iron, and a number of antioxidants. They are commonly

  • Blueberry Hill (recording by Domino)

    Fats Domino: “Blueberry Hill” (1956), his most popular recording, was one of several rock-and-roll adaptations of standard songs. The piano-oriented Domino-Bartholomew style was modified somewhat in hits such as “I’m Walkin’” (1957) and “Walking to New Orleans” (1960). He appeared in the 1956 film The Girl Can’t…

  • bluebill (bird)

    Scaup, (genus Aythya), any of three species of diving ducks (family Anatidae). The greater scaup (A. marila), also called the big bluebill, breeds across Eurasia and most of the Nearctic region. The lesser scaup (A. affinis), a New World species also known as the little bluebill, breeds across the

  • bluebird (bird)

    Bluebird, any of the three species of the North American genus Sialia of the chat-thrush group (family Turdidae, order Passeriformes). The eastern bluebird (S. sialis), 14 cm (5 12 inches) long, and the western bluebird (S. mexicana) are red-breasted forms found east and west of the Rockies,

  • bluebonnet (plant)

    Dipsacales: Dipsacus clade: Devil’s bit (Succisa pratensis), a blue-flowered perennial, grows wild in European meadows. Its leaves are entire or slightly lobed and oval to narrow in shape.

  • bluebonnet (plant, Lupinus genus)

    Bluebonnet, any of several North American lupines (Lupinus) of the pea family (Fabaceae). The most famous bluebonnets are the Texas bluebonnets, which cover immense areas in southern and western Texas like a blue carpet in the spring. They include Lupinus texensis and L. subcarnosus, which are

  • bluebottle (jellyfish)

    Portuguese man-of-war: utriculus, commonly known as the bluebottle, occurs in the Pacific and Indian oceans.

  • bluebottle fly

    blow fly: bluebottle (Calliphora) flies are distinguished by their distinctive coloration and loud buzzing flight. These flies commonly infest carrion or excrement, and the larvae of some species infest and may even kill sheep. The black blow fly (Phormia regina) is another widely distributed species with similar…

  • bluebuck (mammal)

    Nilgai, (Boselaphus tragocamelus), the largest Asian antelope (family Bovidae). The nilgai is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, and Hindus accord it the same sacred status as cattle (both belong to the subfamily Bovinae). Accordingly, the nilgai is the only one of the four Indian antelopes

  • bluebunch wheatgrass (plant)

    wheatgrass: These include bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata, formerly Agropyron spicatum), western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii, formerly A. smithii), and slender wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulus, formerly A. trachycaulum), all of which are useful forage plants.

  • bluecap (bird)

    Bluecap, species of fairy wren

  • Bluefield (West Virginia, United States)

    Bluefield, city, Mercer county, extreme southern tip of West Virginia, U.S., lying in the Blue Ridge Mountains. It is adjacent to the town of Bluefield in Tazewell county, Virginia. Situated at the foot of East River Mountain, it is one of the highest cities (elevation 2,612 feet [796 metres]) in

  • Bluefields (Nicaragua)

    Bluefields, city and port, eastern Nicaragua, just south of the mouth of the Escondido River and inland from its outer port of El Bluff. Named after the Dutch pirate Blewfeldt, who used it as a base in the 17th century, it was the capital of the British Mosquito Coast protectorate until returned to

  • bluefin tuna, southern (fish)

    tuna: albacares), southern bluefin tuna (T. thynnus maccoyii), bigeye tuna (T. obesus), blackfin tuna (T. atlanticus), and longtail tuna (T. tonggol). These different species range from moderate to very large in size. The giant of the group is the northern bluefin tuna, which grows to a maximum…

  • bluefish (fish)

    Bluefish, (Pomatomus saltatrix), swift-moving marine food and game fish, the only member of the family Pomatomidae (order Perciformes). The bluefish ranges through warm and tropical regions of the Atlantic and Indian oceans, living in schools and preying with voracity on other, smaller animals,

  • bluegill (fish)

    Bluegill, (Lepomis macrochirus), popular game fish in the sunfish family, Centrarchidae (order Perciformes). It is one of the best-known sunfishes throughout its original range in the freshwater habitats of the central and southern United States. Bluegills have been introduced into numerous

  • bluegrass (music)

    Bluegrass, in music, country and western style that emerged in the United States after World War II, a direct descendant of the old-time string-band music that had been widely played and recorded by such groups as the Carter Family from the late 1920s. Bluegrass is distinguished from the older

  • bluegrass (plant)

    Bluegrass, (genus Poa), in botany, the largest genus in the grass family (Poaceae), comprising more than 500 species. Bluegrasses are found in temperate and tropical climates worldwide, and several have naturalized in areas outside their native range. Many species are useful as lawn, pasture, and

  • Bluegrass region (region, Kentucky, United States)

    Bluegrass region, Area of central Kentucky, U.S. The region contains Kentucky’s best agricultural land and thus became the first area to be settled. It became known for its abundant bluegrass and became famous for breeding fine horses; the calcium-rich soil imparts its minerals to the grass and

  • Bluegrass State (state, United States)

    Kentucky, constituent state of the United States of America. Rivers define Kentucky’s boundaries except on the south, where it shares a border with Tennessee along a nearly straight line of about 425 miles (685 km), and on the southeast, where it shares an irregular, mountainous border with

  • bluehead wrasse (fish)

    wrasse: …such as young blueheads (Thalassoma bifasciatum) and Labroides species, act as cleaners for larger fishes. They pick off and eat the external parasites of groupers, eels, snappers, and other fishes that visit them periodically. This cleaning service is also performed by various other small fishes and by certain shrimps.

  • Bluejacket (Shawnee chief)

    Tecumseh: Early life and training: At the call of Bluejacket, the Shawnee chief who was collecting a force to meet a U.S. army under Major General Anthony Wayne, Tecumseh returned to Ohio, where he directed the unsuccessful attack on Fort Recovery in June 1794. On August 20, he led part of Bluejacket’s force when…

  • bluejoint (plant)

    reed: …reed canary grass (Phalaris), and reedgrass, or bluejoint (Calamagrostis). Bur reed (Sparganium) and reed mace (Typha) are plants of other families.

  • blueprint

    Blueprint, type of print used for copying engineering drawings and similar material. The name is popularly applied to two separate methods, more exactly designated as the blueprint and the whiteprint, or diazotype. In blueprinting, the older method, the drawing to be copied, made on translucent

  • Blueprint 3, The (album by Jay-Z)

    JAY-Z: The following year he released The Blueprint 3, which bore the sound of some of his most frequent producers, including West and Timbaland. The album generated such hits as “Empire State of Mind,” a musical love letter to New York City adorned with soaring guest vocals by Alicia Keys, and…

  • Blueprint for a New Japan (work by Ozawa)

    Ozawa Ichirō: …renewal in his best-selling book, Blueprint for a New Japan (1993). It called for Japan to assume responsibilities in the international community not only as an economic power but also as a political and military one. Ozawa urged the country to be aggressive in seeking a permanent seat on the…

  • blueprinting (photographic process)

    Anna Atkins: …she was interested in the cyanotype process devised by Herschel in 1842, which can produce an image by what is commonly called sun-printing. The substance to be recorded is laid on paper impregnated with ferric ammonium citrate and potassium ferricyanide. When exposed to sunlight and then washed in plain water…

  • blues (music)

    Blues, secular folk music created by African Americans in the early 20th century, originally in the South. The simple but expressive forms of the blues became by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the development of popular music throughout the United States. Although instrumental

  • Blues (Byzantine history)

    Justinian I: Internal policy: …as the Greens and the Blues united and attacked and set fire to the city prefect’s office and public buildings, as well as to part of the imperial palace and the Church of the Holy Wisdom adjoining it. Then they gathered in the hippodrome, calling for the dismissal of the…

  • Blues (American baseball team)

    Cleveland Indians, American professional baseball team based in Cleveland that plays in the American League (AL). The Indians have won six AL pennants and two World Series titles, the first in 1920 and the second in 1948. The Indians began as a minor league club based in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and

  • Blues All Around Me (autobiography by King with Ritz [1996])

    B.B. King: King’s autobiography, Blues All Around Me, written with David Ritz, was published in 1996. King was the recipient of numerous awards and honours. He was a member of the inaugural class of inductees to the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980. In 1987 he earned a Grammy…

  • Blues Brothers, The (film by Landis [1980])

    James Brown: …in several motion pictures, including The Blues Brothers (1980) and Rocky IV (1985), and attained global status as a celebrity, especially in Africa, where his tours attracted enormous crowds and generated a broad range of new musical fusions. Yet Brown’s life continued to be marked by difficulties, including the tragic…

  • Blues for Mister Charlie (play by Baldwin)

    Blues for Mister Charlie, tragedy in three acts by James Baldwin, produced and published in 1964. A denunciation of racial bigotry and hatred, the play was based on a murder trial that took place in Mississippi in 1955. “Mister Charlie” is a slang term for a white man. The story concerns Richard

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