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  • BMI (medicine)

    Body mass index (BMI), an estimate of total body fat. The BMI is defined as weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in metres: weight height2 = BMI. This number, which is central to determining whether an individual is clinically defined as obese, parallels fatness but is not a

  • BMJ (British medical publication)

    George Redmayne Murray: …research, a report in the British Medical Journal on the effectiveness of sheep thyroid extract in treating myxedema in humans. Thyroid deficiency had been recognized as the cause of myxedema in the 1880s, and several researchers had established that an animal could survive the usually fatal effects of thyroidectomy if…

  • BMP-1 (armoured vehicle)

    armoured vehicle: Infantry fighting vehicles: …German Marder and the Soviet BMP-1, which first appeared in the late 1960s, represented the most significant advances in IFVs since World War II. Both vehicles enabled mounted infantry effectively to engage even armoured opponents—a capability lacking in previous designs. The Marder weighs 29.2 tons, has a three-man crew, can…

  • BMP-3 (armoured vehicle)

    armoured vehicle: Infantry fighting vehicles: The BMP-3, in service with the Russian army since the late 1980s and also sold for export, has a 100-mm combined gun and missile launcher and can carry a squad of seven infantrymen.

  • BMR

    Basal metabolic rate (bmr), index of the general level of activity of an individual’s body metabolism, determined by measuring his oxygen intake in the basal state—i.e., during absolute rest, but not sleep, 14 to 18 hours after eating. The higher the amount of oxygen consumed in a certain time

  • BMV (work by Schmieder)

    Johann Sebastian Bach: The Arnstadt period: …works as established in the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, prepared by the German musicologist Wolfgang Schmieder.)

  • BMW AG (German automaker)

    Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), German automaker noted for quality sports sedans and motorcycles. Headquarters are in Munich. It originated in 1916 as Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke, a builder of aircraft engines, but assumed the name Bayerische Motoren Werke in July 1917 and began producing

  • BMX (bicycle)

    bicycle: Basic types: BMX (bicycle motocross) bikes appeared in the early 1970s as an offshoot of motocross. They were designed for racing on dirt tracks replete with tight turns, berms, and jumps. BMX bikes are durable, with 20-inch- (51-cm-) diameter wheels mounted on a small frame. There is…

  • BMX racing (sport)

    extreme sports: BMX and mountain biking. Typically, extreme sports operate outside traditional mainstream sports and are celebrated for their adrenaline-pumping thrills. Racing and acrobatic competitions for motorcycles and snowmobiles are also often classified as “extreme,” and the term can be stretched to include such daring pursuits as…

  • BN (political coalition, Malaysia)

    Malaysia: Political process: …the late 2010s by the National Front (Barisan Nasional; BN), a broad coalition of ethnically oriented parties. Among the oldest and strongest of these parties are the United Malays National Organization (UMNO; long the driving force of the National Front), the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), the Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC),…

  • BNA (Myanmar history)

    Myanmar: World War II and after: …San and his army—renamed the Burma National Army (BNA)—joined the British side.

  • BNCT (medicine)

    boron: Properties, occurrence, and uses: …of a technique known as boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for treating patients suffering from brain tumours. For a short time after certain boron compounds are injected into a patient with a brain tumour, the compounds collect preferentially in the tumour; irradiation of the tumour area with thermal neutrons, which…

  • BND (German intelligence organization)

    BND, foreign intelligence agency of the West German government. Created in April 1956, it absorbed the “Gehlen Organization,” a covert intelligence force which was created by Major General Reinhard Gehlen after World War II and which cooperated with U.S. intelligence agencies. Gehlen had headed the

  • BNDES (Brazilian organization)

    Petrobras scandal: …of state-owned companies, and the National Bank of Economic and Social Development (BNDES). The latter had provided billions of dollars in subsidized financing to Petrobras and other “national champions,” such as billionaire Eike Batista, whose wealth plummeted spectacularly in 2013.

  • BNDP (political party, Brunei)

    Brunei: Sultanate: …mid-1980s two political parties, the Brunei National Democratic Party and the Brunei National United Party, were legalized, but membership restrictions were imposed (e.g., government employees, who made up a significant proportion of Brunei’s citizens, were excluded) and their activities impeded by the government. After only a few years, both parties…

  • Bnei Brak (Israel)

    Bnei Brak, city, northeastern suburb of Tel Aviv–Yafo, west-central Israel, in the southern Plain of Sharon. In Assyrian texts, Bnei Brak is listed as a city that fell to Sennacherib, king of Assyria, in 701 bce. It is also mentioned in the Bible (Joshua 19) and was a well-known scholarly centre

  • BNF (political party, Botswana)

    Botswana: Political process: The Botswana National Front later became the main opposition, growing in strength especially on urban councils from the 1970s until 1998, when some members left to form the Botswana Congress Party; since then both parties have served as the primary opposition to the ruling party.

  • BNP (political party, Bangladesh)

    Bangladesh: Bangladesh since independence: …Sheikh Hasina Wazed, and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), headed by Khaleda Zia ur-Rahman, wife of the slain president—boycotted the election, and Ershad received the overwhelming majority of the vote.

  • BNP (political party, Lesotho)

    flag of Lesotho: …flag of his own ruling Basotho National Party, which had four equal horizontal stripes from top to bottom of blue, white, red, and green. Other parties objected, and instead the national flag displayed green, red, and blue vertically with a white silhouette version of a typical Sotho straw hat.

  • BNP (French company)

    BNP Paribas: …through the 1999 merger of Banque Nationale de Paris (BNP) and Paribas. Its headquarters are in Paris.

  • BNP Paribas (French bank)

    BNP Paribas, French banking, financial services, and insurance company created through the 1999 merger of Banque Nationale de Paris (BNP) and Paribas. Its headquarters are in Paris. The company traces its history to a number of French banks. These include Banque Nationale pour le Commerce et

  • BNSP (political party, Brunei)

    Brunei: Sultanate: …National Democratic Party and the Brunei National United Party, were legalized, but membership restrictions were imposed (e.g., government employees, who made up a significant proportion of Brunei’s citizens, were excluded) and their activities impeded by the government. After only a few years, both parties were banned. The Brunei National United…

  • Bo (people)

    Bai, people of northwestern Yunnan province, southwest China. Minjia is the Chinese (Pinyin) name for them; they call themselves Bai or Bo in their own language, which has been classified within the Yi group of Tibeto-Burman languages. Until recently the language was not written. It contains many

  • Bo (Sierra Leone)

    Bo, town, south-central Sierra Leone, western Africa. Located near the intersection of roads from Freetown and Makeni, it became the largest town (and for a time capital, 1930–61) of the Sierra Leone Protectorate. The commercial hub of the interior, it trades in palm oil and kernels, ginger,

  • bo (Chinese bell)

    luogu: …beaten with a padded mallet), bo (cymbals), and gu (skin-headed drum, beaten with two sticks). The xiaoluo (small gong without a boss, beaten with a stick or a thin plate), ling (handbells), and ban (woodblock) are sometimes added. Whatever the ensemble’s composition, the drummer is usually the leader.

  • Bo Bardi, Lina (Brazilian architect and industrial designer)

    Lina Bo Bardi, Italian-born Brazilian Modernist architect, industrial designer, historic preservationist, journalist, and activist whose work defied conventional categorization. She designed daring idiosyncratic structures that merged Modernism with populism. Bo Bardi earned a degree in

  • Bo Hai (gulf, China)

    Bo Hai, shallow northwestern arm of the Yellow Sea, off the northern coast of China. It is enclosed by the Liaodong Peninsula (northeast) and the Shandong Peninsula (south). The Gulf of Liaodong to the northeast and Laizhou Bay to the south are generally considered part of the Bo Hai. Within these

  • Bo Juyi (Chinese poet)

    Bai Juyi, Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty (618–907) who used his elegantly simple verse to protest the social evils of his day, including corruption and militarism. Bai Juyi began composing poetry at age five. Because of his father’s death in 794 and straitened family circumstances, Bai did not

  • Bo Mountain (Chinese mythology)

    boshan xianglu: …represent the form of the Bo Mountain (Bo Shan), a mythical land of immortality.

  • Bo Shan (Chinese mythology)

    boshan xianglu: …represent the form of the Bo Mountain (Bo Shan), a mythical land of immortality.

  • Bo Shucun (Chinese political leader)

    Bo Yibo, (Bo Shucun), Chinese political leader(born Feb. 17, 1908, Jiang village, Dingxiang county, Shanxi province, China—died Jan. 15, 2007, Beijing, China), was the last surviving member of the Eight Immortals, the highly influential group of Chinese Communist Party leaders who had been purged

  • Bo tree (sacred tree, Bodh Gaya, India)

    Bodhi tree, according to Buddhist tradition, the specific sacred fig (Ficus religiosa) under which the Buddha sat when he attained Enlightenment (Bodhi) at Bodh Gaya in Bihar, India. The Mahabodhi Temple, which marks the place of the Buddha’s Enlightenment, features a descendant of the original

  • Bo Xilai (Chinese politician)

    Bo Xilai and Gu Kailai: Both Bo and Gu came from prominent Chinese Communist Party (CCP) families and thus were part of the generation of “princelings” who had succeeded their parents as China’s elite. Bo’s father was Bo Yibo, one of the “Eight Immortals” who oversaw China’s reform and modernization efforts…

  • Bo Xilai and Gu Kailai (Chinese politician and Chinese lawyer)

    Bo Xilai and Gu Kailai, Chinese politician and lawyer who were at the centre of one of China’s greatest political scandals. Both Bo and Gu came from prominent Chinese Communist Party (CCP) families and thus were part of the generation of “princelings” who had succeeded their parents as China’s

  • Bo Yibo (Chinese political leader)

    Bo Yibo, (Bo Shucun), Chinese political leader(born Feb. 17, 1908, Jiang village, Dingxiang county, Shanxi province, China—died Jan. 15, 2007, Beijing, China), was the last surviving member of the Eight Immortals, the highly influential group of Chinese Communist Party leaders who had been purged

  • Bo’orchu (Mongolian warrior)

    Genghis Khan: Early struggles: …ask a young stranger, called Bo’orchu, if he had seen the horses. Bo’orchu immediately left the milking he was engaged in, gave Temüjin a fresh horse, and set out with him to help recover the lost beasts. He refused any reward but, recognizing Temüjin’s authority, attached himself irrevocably to him…

  • Bo, Achillina (Brazilian architect and industrial designer)

    Lina Bo Bardi, Italian-born Brazilian Modernist architect, industrial designer, historic preservationist, journalist, and activist whose work defied conventional categorization. She designed daring idiosyncratic structures that merged Modernism with populism. Bo Bardi earned a degree in

  • Bo, Eddie (American musician)

    Eddie Bo, (Edwin Joseph Bocage), American musician (born Sept. 20, 1930, New Orleans, La.—died March 18, 2009, Picayune, Miss.), was a jazz-influenced pianist who was a major figure in the New Orleans rhythm-and-blues scene of the 1950s and ’60s. Bo made many recordings of his own (“Check Mr.

  • boa (snake family)

    Boa, common name for a variety of nonvenomous constricting snakes. There are more than 40 species of true boas (family Boidae). In addition, boa may also refer to two other groups of snakes: the Mascarene, or split-jawed, boas (family Bolyeriidae) and dwarf boas (ground and wood boas of the family

  • Boa canina (snake)

    boa: 8-metre (6-foot) emerald tree boa (Corallus caninus) of tropical South America; the adult is green above, with a white dorsal stripe and crossbars, and yellow below. The rainbow boa (Epicrates cenchria) of Costa Rica to Argentina is not strongly patterned but is markedly iridescent. Except for the…

  • boa constrictor (snake)

    Boa constrictor, (Boa constrictor), large thick-bodied snake of the boa family, Boidae. Its range is wide, from Argentina to northern Mexico. Though it thrives in tropical rainforests, it also inhabits savannas, cane fields, and semiarid scrublands. The snake’s adult length is typically about 10

  • Boa constrictor (snake)

    Boa constrictor, (Boa constrictor), large thick-bodied snake of the boa family, Boidae. Its range is wide, from Argentina to northern Mexico. Though it thrives in tropical rainforests, it also inhabits savannas, cane fields, and semiarid scrublands. The snake’s adult length is typically about 10

  • Boa constrictor constrictor (snake)

    boa constrictor: The red-tailed boa (Boa constrictor constrictor) is a popular exotic pet.

  • Boa constrictor occidentalis (reptile)

    boa constrictor: The Argentine boa constrictor (Boa constrictor occidentalis) is silvery gray with an unusual network pattern.

  • Boa constrictor ortonii (snake)

    boa constrictor: In Boa constrictor ortonii, native to Peru, markings on the tail are red rather than brown, and the tail pattern is distinct. The Argentine boa constrictor (Boa constrictor occidentalis) is silvery gray with an unusual network pattern.

  • Boa Vista (Roraima, Brazil)

    Boa Vista, city, capital of Roraima estado (state), northwestern Brazil. It is situated on the west bank of the Branco River, a tributary of the Negro River. Boa Vista was given city status in 1926 and was made the capital in 1943, when the territory (from 1990, state) was created. The city and its

  • Boa Vista Island (island, Cabo Verde)

    Boa Vista Island, easternmost island of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, 300 miles (500 km) off the western African coast. It rises to an elevation of 1,269 feet (387 metres). The chief town is Sal Rei, on the northwest coast. Salt and archil (a plant yielding a violet dye) are produced. Area 239

  • Boa Vista, Ilha da (island, Cabo Verde)

    Boa Vista Island, easternmost island of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, 300 miles (500 km) off the western African coast. It rises to an elevation of 1,269 feet (387 metres). The chief town is Sal Rei, on the northwest coast. Salt and archil (a plant yielding a violet dye) are produced. Area 239

  • boab (tree, Adansonia gregorii)

    baobab: gregorii, called boab, or bottle tree, is found throughout the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Reaching heights of about 12 metres (39 feet), the tree features the characteristically swollen trunk of the genus and bears compound leaves that are completely shed during drought periods. The white flowers…

  • Boabdil (Na?rid ruler)

    Mu?ammad XII, last Na?rid sultan of Granada, Spain. His reign (1482–92) was marked by incessant civil strife and the fall of Granada to Ferdinand and Isabella, the Roman Catholic rulers of Aragon and Castile. Instigated by his mother, a jealous wife, Boabdil rebelled against his father, the sultan

  • BOAC (British corporation)

    John Charles Walsham Reith, 1st Baron Reith: …with British Airways, forming the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC), of which he became chairman. He was made a peer in 1940. During World War II he held ministerial and other appointments and was director of Combined Operations Material at the Admiralty (1943–45). As chairman of the new Commonwealth Telecommunications…

  • Boaco (Nicaragua)

    Boaco, town, central Nicaragua, situated on the western flanks of the central highlands. Boaco is a commercial and manufacturing centre for the agricultural and pastoral hinterland. Dairying and the processing of livestock products are the town’s most important activities. Soap, bricks, mineral

  • Boadicea (queen of Britain)

    Boudicca, ancient British queen who in 60 ce led a revolt against Roman rule. Boudicca’s husband, Prasutagus, was king of the Iceni (in what is now Norfolk) as a client under Roman suzerainty. When Prasutagus died in 60 with no male heir, he left his private wealth to his two daughters and to the

  • Boakai, Joseph (Liberian politician)

    George Weah: Political aspirations: …his nearest challenger, Vice President Joseph Boakai, who represented the UP and received about 29 percent of the vote, advanced to the November 7 runoff election. The election was indefinitely postponed, however, after the Supreme Court ruled on November 6 that the electoral commission could not hold the poll until…

  • BOAL (Yugoslavian labour organization)

    Serbia: Economy: …Yugoslav worker belonged to a Basic Organization of Associated Labour (BOAL) that was based on the precise role played by the worker in the production process. The BOALs elected representatives to workers’ councils, which in turn created management boards and determined pay levels, investment policies, and specific goals for production.…

  • Boal, Augusto (Brazilian theatrical director)

    Augusto Boal, Brazilian dramatist who created the Theatre of the Oppressed, a form of interactive theatre intended to transform lives as spectators become performers, acting out solutions to social problems. Boal grew up in Rio de Janeiro and earned a degree in chemical engineering in 1952.

  • Boal, Mark (American producer and screenwriter)
  • Boann (Irish mythology)

    Boann, in Irish mythology, sacred river personified as a mother goddess. With Dagda (or Daghda), chief god of the Irish, she was the mother of Mac ind óg (“Young Son” or “Young Lad”), known also as Oenghus; mother, father, and son together formed one version of the divine triad familiar from Celtic

  • boar (mammal)

    Boar, any of the wild members of the pig species Sus scrofa, family Suidae. The term boar is also used to designate the male of the domestic pig, guinea pig, and various other mammals. The term wild boar, or wild pig, is sometimes used to refer to any wild member of the Sus genus. The wild

  • Boar’s Head Inn (inn and historical theatre, London, United Kingdom)

    Boar’s Head Inn, London inn, the yard of which was used to stage plays in the 16th and early 17th centuries. It was situated in Whitechapel, just outside Aldgate. The first record of its use as a playhouse was in 1557. In 1595 Oliver Woodliffe began a four-year renovation of the inn, which marked

  • Board of Education of Central School District No. 1 v. Allen (law case)

    Board of Education v. Allen, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 10, 1968, ruled (6–3) that a New York state statute that required public school authorities to lend textbooks to private schools, including those with religious affiliations, did not violate the establishment or free-exercise

  • Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls (law case)

    Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 27, 2002, ruled (5–4) that suspicionless drug testing of students participating in competitive extracurricular activities did not violate the Fourth Amendment,

  • Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley (law case)

    Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 28, 1982, held (6–3) that the Education of the Handicapped Act of 1974 (EHA; renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [IDEA] in 1990), as amended by the

  • Board of Education v. Allen (law case)

    Board of Education v. Allen, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 10, 1968, ruled (6–3) that a New York state statute that required public school authorities to lend textbooks to private schools, including those with religious affiliations, did not violate the establishment or free-exercise

  • Board of Education, Island Trees Union Free School District No. 26 v. Pico (law case)

    Board of Education, Island Trees Union Free School District No. 26 v. Pico, case (1982) in which the U.S. Supreme Court, for the first time, addressed the removal of books from libraries in public schools. A plurality of justices held that the motivation for a book’s removal must be the central

  • Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth (law case)

    Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously (9–0) on March 22, 2000, that officials at public colleges and universities may impose mandatory student fees as long as they distribute the proceeds to student

  • Board of Regents v. Roth (law case)

    Board of Regents v. Roth, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 29, 1972, ruled (5–3) that nontenured educators whose contracts are not renewed have no right to procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment unless they can prove they have liberty or property interests at stake. The

  • Board of Trade of the City of Chicago (exchange, Chicago, Illinois, United States)

    Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), the first grain futures exchange in the United States, organized in Chicago in 1848. The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) began as a voluntary association of prominent Chicago grain merchants. By 1858 access to the trading floor, known as the “pit,” was limited to

  • board stool (furniture)

    stool: …resembled small benches, were called board, or slab-ended, stools; they were made obsolete by the standard joint stool, which was produced, in the 17th century, in upholstered sets with chairs and footstools.

  • board zither (musical instrument)

    stringed instrument: Zithers: …which strings are fastened (board zither) or from individual narrow canes lashed together, each having one idiochordic string (raft zither). The typical box zither is a rectangular or, more often, trapezoid-shaped hollow box, with strings that are either struck with light hammers or plucked. Examples of the former are…

  • Board, Peter (Australian educator)

    New South Wales: Federation: …was reformed after 1904 by Peter Board, the celebrated director general of education. He established Sydney Teachers’ College in 1905–06 and sought to ensure that teaching and courses were adapted to the needs of children. In 1911 he laid the basis for an improved secondary school system that was designed…

  • boardercross (sport)

    snowboarding: Snowboard cross (boardercross): Snowboard cross (originally and still frequently called boardercross) is an event where multiple riders (four in Olympic competition) race simultaneously down the same inclined course with banked turns, jumps, berms, drops, and other artificial features that test the competitors’ balance and control at maximum speeds.…

  • Boarding House Reach (album by White)

    Jack White: The eclectic Boarding House Reach (2018) featured a variety of genres, including funk and rap.

  • boarding school (education)

    Native American: Boarding schools: The worst offenses of the assimilationist movement occurred at government-sponsored boarding, or residential, schools. From the mid-19th century until as late as the 1960s, native families in Canada and the United States were compelled by law to send their children to these institutions,…

  • Boardman, Mabel Thorp (American Red Cross leader)

    Mabel Thorp Boardman, American Red Cross leader who reestablished the organization’s funding base and greatly extended its other resources and services. Boardman was from a well-to-do family and was educated privately. She devoted time to various social philanthropies, and during the

  • boardsailing (sport)

    Windsurfing, sport that combines aspects of sailing and surfing on a one-person craft called a sailboard. The earliest prototypes of a sailboard date back to the late 1950s. Californians Jim Drake (a sailor) and Hoyle Schweitzer (a surfer) received the first patent for a sailboard in 1968. They

  • Boardtown (Mississippi, United States)

    Starkville, city, seat (1833) of Oktibbeha county, eastern Mississippi, U.S., 22 miles (35 km) west of Columbus. Founded in 1831, it was originally known as Boardtown for the sawmilling operation there, but it was renamed in 1837 to honour the American Revolution general John Stark. After the

  • Boardwalk (Coney Island, New York City, New York, United States)

    Coney Island: 6-km) Boardwalk fronted by a sand beach. Numerous concessions were developed with rides, exhibitions, restaurants, and souvenir shops. The amusement areas began to decline after World War II, and only a fraction of the attractions remained by the early 21st century. The Sea Gate district at…

  • Boardwalk (Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States)

    Atlantic City: Its famous Boardwalk, initially 8 feet (2 metres) wide and 1 mile (1.6 km) long, was built in 1870; it was later extended to a width of 60 feet (18 metres) and a length of 5 miles (8 km). Other innovations enhancing the resort’s reputation included the…

  • Boardwalk Empire (American television series)

    Patricia Arquette: …Florida speakeasy in the series Boardwalk Empire. Arquette later starred in the short-lived CSI: Crime Scene Investigation spin-off CSI: Cyber (2015–16). She then portrayed a weary employee of a maximum-security prison who helps two inmates break out in the miniseries Escape at Dannemora (2018), which was based on true events.…

  • boarfish (fish)

    Boarfish, (family Caproidae), any of six species of fishes (order Zeiformes) characterized by red coloration and a laterally compressed body that is as high as it is long. All six species live in deep marine waters, occurring in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. The two genera, Antigonia

  • Boari, Adamo (Italian architect)

    Latin American architecture: Art Nouveau: … (1904–34) in Mexico City, by Adamo Boari. It is an example of the aforementioned eclecticism of the late Beaux-Arts period and includes several Art Nouveau elements—notably fan-shaped windows, curvilinear handrails, and an opalescent stained-glass window by Louis Comfort Tiffany. This building was part of an attempt to remodel the city…

  • Boas, Franz (German-American anthropologist)

    Franz Boas, German-born American anthropologist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the founder of the relativistic, culture-centred school of American anthropology that became dominant in the 20th century. During his tenure at Columbia University in New York City (1899–1942), he developed

  • boat (transport)

    ship: History of ships: Boats are still vital aids to movement, even those little changed in form during that 6,000-year history. The very fact that boats may be quite easily identified in illustrations of great antiquity shows how slow and continuous had been this evolution until just 150 years…

  • boat (small watercraft)

    Boat, generic term for small watercraft propelled by paddles, oars, sail, or motor, open or partially decked, and usually less than 45 feet (roughly 14 metres) in length. A vessel larger than this is customarily classed as a ship, although the word boat is often applied to certain working

  • boat conformation (chemistry)

    hydrocarbon: Cycloalkanes: …of cyclohexane, designated as chair, boat, and skew (or twist), are essentially free of angle strain. Of these three the chair is the most stable, mainly because it has a staggered arrangement of all its bonds. The boat and skew conformations lack perfect staggering of bonds and are destabilized by…

  • boat lily (plant)

    Commelinales: …plant; and Tradescantia spathacea, or Moses-in-the-cradle, grown as a potted plant for its purple-coloured leaves and unusual flowers.

  • boat orchid (plant)

    Cymbidium, (genus Cymbidium), genus of 50–70 species of tropical and subtropical orchids (family Orchidaceae). The genus is primarily distributed in Asia, though several species are native to northern Australia. The orchids are popular as florists’ plants and ornamentals, and there are several

  • boat people (people)

    Fujian: Population composition: The “boat people” (Tanka or Danjia), who live on boats in the streams and estuaries, are not recognized as a separate group.

  • boat people (refugees)

    Boat people, refugees fleeing by boat. The term originally referred to the thousands of Vietnamese who fled their country by sea following the collapse of the South Vietnamese government in 1975. Crowded into small vessels, they were prey to pirates, and many suffered dehydration, starvation, and

  • Boat Plays, The (work by Vicente)

    Portuguese literature: Gil Vicente and the drama: The Boat Plays)—a group of autos, or religious plays (see auto sacramental)—revealed his dramatic power, his fondness for comic relief, and his deft use of popular figures and language. The phenomenon of a potential national theatre, however, died with its founder and did not find…

  • Boat Rocker, The (novel by Jin)

    Ha Jin: …mole in the CIA; and The Boat Rocker (2016), in which a Chinese journalist in New York attempts to expose his novelist ex-wife as a fraud. His other works of fiction included the novella In the Pond (1998), the novel The Crazed (2002), and the short-story collections The Bridegroom (2000)…

  • Boat, The (novel by Hartley)

    L.P. Hartley: …and fully realized novel is The Boat (1949), in which he explores the struggles of a crowd-avoiding individual in England during World War II, when group effort and identification were the norm. A volume of essays, The Novelist’s Responsibility, appeared in 1967 and The Collected Stories of L.P. Hartley in…

  • Boat-Ax culture (European history)

    Sweden: Earliest settlements: The so-called Boat-Ax culture (an outlier of the European Battle-Ax cultures) arrived about 2000 bce and spread rapidly. During the Neolithic Period, southern and central Sweden displayed the aspects of a homogeneous culture, with central European trade links; in northern Sweden the hunting culture persisted throughout the…

  • boat-billed heron (bird)

    heron: Another night heron is the boat-billed heron, or boatbill (Cochlearius cochlearius), of Central and South America, placed by some authorities in its own family (Cochleariidae).

  • boat-tailed grackle (bird)

    grackle: In the great-tailed and boat-tailed grackles (Cassidix mexicanus and C. major), the male has a long, deeply keeled tail: his total length may be 43 cm. These species are found in arid lands of the southwestern United States to Peru and in salt marshes from New Jersey to Texas.…

  • boatbill (bird)

    heron: Another night heron is the boat-billed heron, or boatbill (Cochlearius cochlearius), of Central and South America, placed by some authorities in its own family (Cochleariidae).

  • Boateng, Paul (British politician)

    Paul Boateng, British politician who became the first person of African descent to serve in a British cabinet when he was appointed (2002) chief secretary to the Treasury. He was the son of Kwaku Boateng, a lawyer who served as a cabinet minister in the Ghanaian government of Kwame Nkrumah, and

  • Boateng, Paul Yaw, Baron Boateng of Akyem and Wembley (British politician)

    Paul Boateng, British politician who became the first person of African descent to serve in a British cabinet when he was appointed (2002) chief secretary to the Treasury. He was the son of Kwaku Boateng, a lawyer who served as a cabinet minister in the Ghanaian government of Kwame Nkrumah, and

  • Boatman and Other Poems, The (poetry by Macpherson)

    Jay Macpherson: …Return (1954), were followed by The Boatman and Other Poems (1957, reissued with additional poems, 1968), a collection of short poems under six subtitles that established her reputation as a poet. For the latter work, she was awarded the Governor General’s Literary Award for poetry. Her lyrics, often ironic and…

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