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  • butanethiol (chemical compound)

    organosulfur compound: Thiols: , CH3CH2CH2CH2SH is named butanethiol. The prefix mercapto- is placed before the name of a compound if the ―SH group is to be named as a substituent, as in mercaptoacetic acid, HSCH2COOH. A third naming system uses the prefix thio- in front of the name of the corresponding oxygen…

  • butanoic acid (chemical compound)

    Butyric acid (CH3CH2CH2CO2H), a fatty acid occurring in the form of esters in animal fats and plant oils. As a glyceride (an ester containing an acid and glycerol), it makes up 3–4 percent of butter; the disagreeable odour of rancid butter is that of hydrolysis of the butyric acid glyceride. The

  • Butare (Rwanda)

    Butare, town and educational centre, southern Rwanda. Before Rwanda’s independence in 1962, the town was called Astrida. It consists of the traditional housing areas of Ngoma and Matyazo, the former colonial settlement, and a newer commercial section with a nearby airstrip. Butare, the third

  • Butaritari Atoll (atoll, Kiribati)

    Butaritari Atoll, coral atoll of the Gilbert Islands, part of Kiribati, in the west-central Pacific Ocean. Located in the northern Gilberts, it comprises a central lagoon (11 miles [18 km] wide) ringed by islets. The lagoon provides a good deep anchorage with three passages to the open sea. Most of

  • Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (film by Hill [1969])

    Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, American western film, released in 1969, that was a classic of the genre, especially noted for the pairing of Paul Newman and Robert Redford as the titular outlaws. Butch Cassidy (played by Newman) and his companion in crime, the Sundance Kid (Redford), find that

  • Butchart Gardens (garden, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)

    Victoria: The contemporary city: The world-class Butchart Gardens, begun in 1904 by the wife of a prominent cement manufacturer in nearby Brentwood Bay, features Japanese and Italian gardens and holds an annual flower count (February); the gardens and the Butchart residence have been designated a national historic site of Canada.

  • Butcher Boys (sculpture by Alexander)

    African art: African art in the 20th century and beyond: Jane Alexander’s sculptural installation, Butcher Boys (1985), is equally charged: the figures are nude, masked, and immobile, seeming to observe what is wrong in society yet finding no will to act. William Kentridge’s work in a range of media and Sue Williamson’s powerful set of passbooks in the assemblage…

  • Butcher of Lyon (Nazi leader)

    Klaus Barbie, Nazi leader, head of the Gestapo in Lyon from 1942 to 1944, who was held responsible for the death of some 4,000 persons and the deportation of some 7,500 others. Barbie was a member of the Hitler Youth and in 1935 joined the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; “Security Service”), a special

  • Butcher of Uganda (president of Uganda)

    Idi Amin, military officer and president (1971–79) of Uganda whose regime was noted for the sheer scale of its brutality. A member of the small Kakwa ethnic group of northwestern Uganda, Amin had little formal education and joined the King’s African Rifles of the British colonial army in 1946 as an

  • Butcher Post (postal service)

    postal system: Growth of business correspondence in the Middle Ages: …among these was the so-called Butcher Post (Metzger Post), which was able to combine the carrying of letters with the constant traveling that the trade required.

  • Butcher’s Apron, The (poetry by Wakoski)

    Diane Wakoski: The Butcher’s Apron (2000) features poems about food. Wakoski also published several essay collections.

  • butcher’s broom (plant)

    Butcher’s broom, any dark green shrub of the genus Ruscus of the family Ruscaceae, native to Eurasia. The plants lack leaves but have flattened, leaflike branchlets. The small flower clusters are borne in the centre of the branchlets, or on one side of the branchlet. The fruit is a red berry. One

  • Butcher’s Dozen (poem by Kinsella)

    Thomas Kinsella: …published through his press was Butcher’s Dozen (1972; rev. ed. 1992), about Bloody Sunday, in which 13 demonstrators were killed by British troops in Londonderry (Derry), Northern Ireland, and the ensuing tribunal. Blood &amp; Family (1988) combines four short collections of prose and verse originally published individually through Peppercanister, and…

  • Butcher, Harry (American broadcaster)

    fireside chats: …Roosevelt administration but rather by Harry Butcher of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) radio network, who used the words in a network press release before the second fireside chat on May 7, 1933. Roosevelt’s first fireside address came to the American people on March 12, 1933, as the president tried…

  • Butcher, Joan (English Anabaptist)

    Joan Bocher, English Anabaptist burned at the stake for heresy during the reign of the Protestant Edward VI. Bocher first came to notice about 1540, during the reign of Henry VIII, when she began distributing among ladies of the court William Tyndale’s forbidden translation of the New Testament.

  • Butcher, Susan (American sled-dog racer and trainer)

    Susan Butcher, American sled-dog racer and trainer who dominated her sport for more than a decade, winning the challenging Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in Alaska four times. Butcher began to train dogs at age 16. By 1972 she had moved to Colorado, where she attended Colorado State University in

  • Butcher, Susan Howlet (American sled-dog racer and trainer)

    Susan Butcher, American sled-dog racer and trainer who dominated her sport for more than a decade, winning the challenging Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in Alaska four times. Butcher began to train dogs at age 16. By 1972 she had moved to Colorado, where she attended Colorado State University in

  • butcherbird (bird)

    Butcherbird, in general, any bird that impales its prey (small vertebrates, large insects) on a thorn or wedges it into a crack or a forked twig in order to tear it or, sometimes, to store it. The name is given to the Lanius species (see shrike) of the family Laniidae and in Australia to the four

  • butchers’ dance (folk dance)

    sword dance: The hassapikos, or butchers’ dance, of Turkey and ancient and modern Greece—now a communal social dance—was in the Middle Ages a battle mime with swords performed by the butchers’ guild, which adopted it from the military.

  • Bute (island, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Bute, island, Argyll and Bute council area, historic county of Buteshire, Scotland. It is the most important of a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean inlet known as the Firth of Clyde. It is separated from the mainland by the Kyles of Bute, a narrow winding strait. To the south the Sound of Bute

  • Bute (former county, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Buteshire, historic county in western Scotland that includes Bute, Arran, the Cumbraes, Holy, Pladda, and Inchmarnock islands, all lying in the Firth of Clyde. Bute and Inchmarnock lie within Argyll and Bute council area, while Arran, the Cumbraes, Holy Island, and Pladda form part of North

  • bute (geology)

    Butte, (French: hillock or rising ground) flat-topped hill surrounded by a steep escarpment from the bottom of which a slope descends to the plain. The term is sometimes used for an elevation higher than a hill but not high enough for a mountain. Buttes capped by horizontal platforms of hard rock

  • Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute, Scottish royal favourite who dominated King George III of Great Britain during the first five years of his reign. As prime minister (1762–63), he negotiated the peace ending the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) with France, but he failed to create a stable administration.

  • Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of, Viscount Kingarth, Lord Mount Stuart, Cumrae, and Inchmarnock (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute, Scottish royal favourite who dominated King George III of Great Britain during the first five years of his reign. As prime minister (1762–63), he negotiated the peace ending the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) with France, but he failed to create a stable administration.

  • Butea frondosa (plant)

    Dhaka: History: …said to refer to the dhak tree, once common in the area, or to Dhakeshwari (“The Hidden Goddess”), whose shrine is located in the western part of the city. Although the city’s history can be traced to the 1st millennium ce, the city did not rise to prominence until the…

  • Butenandt, Adolf (German biochemist)

    Adolf Butenandt, German biochemist who, with Leopold Ruzicka, was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on sex hormones. Although forced by the Nazi government to refuse the prize, he was able to accept the honour in 1949. Butenandt studied at the universities of Marburg and

  • Butenandt, Adolf Friedrich Johann (German biochemist)

    Adolf Butenandt, German biochemist who, with Leopold Ruzicka, was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on sex hormones. Although forced by the Nazi government to refuse the prize, he was able to accept the honour in 1949. Butenandt studied at the universities of Marburg and

  • butene (chemical compound)

    Butene, any of four isomeric compounds belonging to the series of olefinic hydrocarbons. The chemical formula is C4H8. The isomeric forms are 1-butene, cis-2-butene, trans-2-butene, and isobutylene. All four butenes are gases at room temperature and pressure. Butenes are formed during the c

  • butenedioic acid (chemical compound)

    Maleic acid, unsaturated organic dibasic acid, used in making polyesters for fibre-reinforced laminated moldings and paint vehicles, and in the manufacture of fumaric acid and many other chemical products. Maleic acid and its anhydride are prepared industrially by the catalytic oxidation of

  • butenedioic acid (chemical compound)

    Fumaric acid, organic compound related to maleic acid

  • buteo (bird)

    Buteo, any of several birds of prey of the genus Buteo, variously classified as buzzards or hawks. See buzzard;

  • Buteo albonotatus (bird)

    aggressive mimicry: …is exemplified by the American zone-tailed hawk, whose resemblance to certain nonaggressive vultures enables it to launch surprise attacks against small animals. In other examples, the aggressor may even mimic the prey of its intended prey. Anglerfish, for example, possess a small, mobile, wormlike organ that can be waved on…

  • Buteo buteo (bird)

    buzzard: The best-known species, the common buzzard (Buteo buteo), is found from Scandinavia south to the Mediterranean. Other species range over much of North America, Eurasia, and northern Africa. See also hawk.

  • Buteo jamaicensis (bird)

    hawk: The red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), the most common North American species, is about 60 cm (24 inches) long, varying in colour but generally brownish above and somewhat lighter below with a rust-coloured tail. This beneficial hunter preys mainly on rodents, but it also catches other small…

  • Buteo lagopus (bird)

    hawk: Two notable rough-legged hawks are the ferruginous hawk (B. regalis)—the largest North American buzzard (up to 63 cm [25 inches] long)—and the rough-legged hawk (B. lagopus) of both the Old and New Worlds.

  • Buteo lineatus (bird)

    hawk: The red-shouldered hawk (B. lineatus), common in eastern and Pacific North America, is a reddish brown bird about 50 cm (20 inches) long, with closely barred underparts.

  • Buteo platypterus (bird)

    hawk: The broad-winged hawk (B. platypterus), a crow-sized hawk, gray-brown with a black-and-white-banded tail, is found in eastern North America, where it migrates in large flocks. Swainson’s hawk (B. swainsoni) is a bird of western North America that migrates to Argentina. Two notable rough-legged hawks are the…

  • Buteo regalis (bird)

    hawk: …notable rough-legged hawks are the ferruginous hawk (B. regalis)—the largest North American buzzard (up to 63 cm [25 inches] long)—and the rough-legged hawk (B. lagopus) of both the Old and New Worlds.

  • Buteo swainsoni (bird)

    hawk: Swainson’s hawk (B. swainsoni) is a bird of western North America that migrates to Argentina. Two notable rough-legged hawks are the ferruginous hawk (B. regalis)—the largest North American buzzard (up to 63 cm [25 inches] long)—and the rough-legged hawk (B. lagopus) of both the Old…

  • Buteogallus (bird)

    hawk: The black hawks are two species of short-tailed and exceptionally wide-winged black buteos. The great black hawk, or Brazilian eagle (Buteogallus urubitinga), about 60 cm (24 inches) long, ranges from Mexico to Argentina; the smaller common, or Mexican, black hawk (B. anthracinus) has some white markings…

  • Buteogallus anthracinus (bird)

    hawk: …Mexico to Argentina; the smaller common, or Mexican, black hawk (B. anthracinus) has some white markings and ranges from northern South America into the southwestern United States. Both species feed on frogs, fish, and other aquatic creatures.

  • Buteogallus urubitinga (bird)

    hawk: The great black hawk, or Brazilian eagle (Buteogallus urubitinga), about 60 cm (24 inches) long, ranges from Mexico to Argentina; the smaller common, or Mexican, black hawk (B. anthracinus) has some white markings and ranges from northern South America into the southwestern United States. Both species…

  • Butera, Villa (villa, Bagheria, Italy)

    Bagheria: …monsters, and other oddities; the Villa Butera, with wax figures of monks wearing the Carthusian habit (1639); and the Villa Valguarnera (1721). Formerly called Bagaria, the town is in a fruit-growing area, principally citrus and grapes. Pop. (2010 est.) mun., 55,973.

  • Buteshire (former county, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Buteshire, historic county in western Scotland that includes Bute, Arran, the Cumbraes, Holy, Pladda, and Inchmarnock islands, all lying in the Firth of Clyde. Bute and Inchmarnock lie within Argyll and Bute council area, while Arran, the Cumbraes, Holy Island, and Pladda form part of North

  • Buthelezi, Mangosuthu G. (South African politician)

    Mangosuthu G. Buthelezi, Zulu chief, South African politician, and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party. He was head (1976–94) of the nonindependent KwaZulu Bantustan and South Africa’s minister of home affairs (1994–2004). Buthelezi descended from a line of important Zulu chiefs. He attended South

  • Buthelezi, Mangosuthu Gathsha (South African politician)

    Mangosuthu G. Buthelezi, Zulu chief, South African politician, and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party. He was head (1976–94) of the nonindependent KwaZulu Bantustan and South Africa’s minister of home affairs (1994–2004). Buthelezi descended from a line of important Zulu chiefs. He attended South

  • buthid (scorpion)

    scorpion: Annotated classification: Family Buthidae 598 species widely distributed, even into temperate regions. Includes some of the most dangerously venomous. Oldest living family; often with a spine under the stinger. Family Vaejovidae 146 species found from southwestern Canada to Central America. 3 lateral eyes. Family Chactidae

  • Buthidae (scorpion)

    scorpion: Annotated classification: Family Buthidae 598 species widely distributed, even into temperate regions. Includes some of the most dangerously venomous. Oldest living family; often with a spine under the stinger. Family Vaejovidae 146 species found from southwestern Canada to Central America. 3 lateral eyes. Family Chactidae

  • Buti, Francesco (Italian literary agent and abbot)

    Carlo Caproli: At the behest of Abbé Francesco Buti, who was literary agent of Jules Cardinal Mazarin (the first minister of France), Caproli composed, to Buti’s libretto, Le nozze di Peleo e di Theti (1654; music now lost), one of the first Italian operas heard in France. About 70 of his cantatas…

  • Butkus, Dick (American football player)

    Dick Butkus, American professional gridiron football player who, as middle linebacker for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), was the dominant defensive player of his era. He was exceptionally large for a linebacker playing in the 1960s (6 feet 3 inches [1.9 metres] and 245

  • Butkus, Richard Marvin (American football player)

    Dick Butkus, American professional gridiron football player who, as middle linebacker for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), was the dominant defensive player of his era. He was exceptionally large for a linebacker playing in the 1960s (6 feet 3 inches [1.9 metres] and 245

  • Butler (county, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Butler, county, west-central Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered on the northeastern and southeastern corners by the Allegheny River. It constitutes a hilly region on the Allegheny Plateau just north of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. Moraine and Jennings state parks surround Lake Arthur. Other

  • butler (servant)

    Butler, chief male servant of a household who supervises other employees, receives guests, directs the serving of meals, and performs various personal services. The title originally applied to the person who had charge of the wine cellar and dispensed liquors, the name being derived from Middle

  • Butler Act (United States law)

    Scopes Trial: …Tennessee legislature had passed the Butler Act, which declared unlawful the teaching of any doctrine denying the divine creation of man as taught by the Bible. World attention focused on the trial proceedings, which promised and delivered confrontation between fundamentalist literal belief and liberal interpretation of the Scriptures. William Jennings…

  • Butler family (Irish family)

    Ireland: The Reformation period: …of the power of the Butlers of Ormonde; Piers Butler, earl of Ossory, helped to secure the enactment of royal (instead of papal) ecclesiastical supremacy by the Dublin Parliament of 1536–37. As a further step in shedding papal authority, in 1541 a complaisant Parliament recognized Henry VIII as king of…

  • Butler University (university, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States)

    Butler University, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. It comprises the Jordan College of Fine Arts and colleges of liberal arts and sciences, education, business administration, and pharmacy and health sciences. The university offers a range of

  • Butler’s Lives of the Saints (work by Butler)

    Alban Butler: His monumental achievement, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints, 4 vol. (1756–59), was considered a sound, critical, and authoritative work. Containing more than 1,600 hagiographies, it went through many editions. It was revised by Herbert Thurston and Donald Attwater in Butler’s Lives of the…

  • Butler, Alban (English priest and educator)

    Alban Butler, Roman Catholic priest and educator renowned for his classic Lives of the Saints. Butler was educated at the English College in Douai, France, where after ordination in 1734 he held successively the chairs of philosophy and divinity. In 1749 he returned to England but later became

  • Butler, Benjamin F. (United States politician and military officer)

    Benjamin F. Butler, American politician and army officer during the American Civil War (1861–65) who championed the rights of workers and black people. A prominent attorney at Lowell, Mass., Butler served two terms in the state legislature (1853, 1859), where he distinguished himself by vigorously

  • Butler, Benjamin Franklin (United States politician and military officer)

    Benjamin F. Butler, American politician and army officer during the American Civil War (1861–65) who championed the rights of workers and black people. A prominent attorney at Lowell, Mass., Butler served two terms in the state legislature (1853, 1859), where he distinguished himself by vigorously

  • Butler, Caron (American basketball player)

    Washington Wizards: Gilbert Arenas, Antawn Jamison, and Caron Butler, but fell back to the lower echelons of the league in the 2008–09 season and traded most of their star players over the following years.

  • Butler, Charles Wilfred (American industrial designer)

    Charles Wilfred Butler, industrial designer known for his work on aircraft during the 1950s and ’60s. During the 1930s Butler studied architecture and design in a variety of schools in and around Philadelphia, including the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art (now the University of the

  • Butler, Clifford (British physicist)

    subatomic particle: Strangeness: Later in the year Clifford Butler and George Rochester, two British physicists studying cosmic rays, discovered the first examples of yet another type of new particle. The new particles were heavier than the pion or muon but lighter than the proton, with a mass of about 800 times the…

  • Butler, David (American director)

    David Butler, American director whose lengthy career was highlighted by numerous popular musicals and comedies and included notable collaborations with Shirley Temple, Bob Hope, and Doris Day. Butler was raised in the theatre by his stage-director father, Fred J. Butler, and his actress mother,

  • Butler, David (British political scientist)

    political science: Behavioralism: …studies in the 1960s, and David Butler and Donald Stokes—one of the authors of The American Voter—adapted much of the American study in Political Change in Britain: Forces Shaping Electoral Choice (1969). They found that political generation (the era in which one was born) and “duration of partisanship” also predict…

  • Butler, Edward (British inventor)

    motorcycle: History: …was a three-wheeler built by Edward Butler in Great Britain in 1884. It employed a horizontal single-cylinder gasoline engine mounted between two steerable front wheels and connected by a drive chain to the rear wheel.

  • Butler, Frank (British-American actor and screenwriter)

    Road to Morocco: Production notes and credits:

  • Butler, Frank E. (American marksman)

    Annie Oakley: …shooting match in Cincinnati with Frank E. Butler, a vaudeville marksman. They were married (probably in 1876), and until 1885 they played vaudeville circuits and circuses as “Butler and Oakley” (she apparently took her professional name from a Cincinnati suburb). In April 1885, Annie Oakley, now under her husband’s management,…

  • Butler, Frederick Guy (South African author)

    Guy Butler, South African poet and playwright, many of whose poems have extraordinary sensitivity and brilliant imagery. Butler began writing during military service in North Africa and Europe (1940–45). After studying at the University of Oxford, he joined the faculty of Rhodes University in

  • Butler, Geezer (British musician)

    Black Sabbath: …3, 1948, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England), Terry (“Geezer”) Butler (b. July 17, 1949, Birmingham), Tony Iommi (b. February 19, 1948, Birmingham), and Bill Ward (b. May 5, 1948, Birmingham).

  • Butler, Gerard (Scottish actor)

    Gerard Butler, Scottish actor, distinguished by his rugged masculinity and charm, who often appeared as larger-than-life literary and historical figures. Butler grew up in Paisley, Scotland, where he acted with the Scottish Youth Theatre before earning a law degree at the University of Glasgow.

  • Butler, Gerard James (Scottish actor)

    Gerard Butler, Scottish actor, distinguished by his rugged masculinity and charm, who often appeared as larger-than-life literary and historical figures. Butler grew up in Paisley, Scotland, where he acted with the Scottish Youth Theatre before earning a law degree at the University of Glasgow.

  • Butler, Guy (South African author)

    Guy Butler, South African poet and playwright, many of whose poems have extraordinary sensitivity and brilliant imagery. Butler began writing during military service in North Africa and Europe (1940–45). After studying at the University of Oxford, he joined the faculty of Rhodes University in

  • Butler, Henry Montagu (British educator)

    Henry Montagu Butler, headmaster of Harrow School in England from 1859 to 1885, who reformed and modernized the school’s curriculum. Butler’s father, George Butler, had been the Harrow headmaster before him. Educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was elected to the Harrow

  • Butler, Jack (American football player)

    Jack Butler, (John Bradshaw Butler), American football player (born Nov. 12, 1927, Pittsburgh, Pa.—died May 11, 2013, Pittsburgh), was a fearless defensive back (1951–59) for the NFL Pittsburgh Steelers and accrued a career record of 52 pass interceptions (in 103 games), a tally that was second

  • Butler, James (Irish noble)

    James Butler, 12th earl and 1st duke of Ormonde, Anglo-Irish Protestant who was the leading agent of English royal authority in Ireland during much of the period from the beginning of the English Civil Wars (1642–51) to the Glorious Revolution (1688–89). Born into the prominent Butler family, he

  • Butler, James (Irish general)

    James Butler, 2nd duke of Ormonde, Irish general, one of the most powerful men in the Tory administration that governed England from 1710 to 1714. The grandson of the Irish statesman James Butler, 1st duke of Ormonde, he inherited his grandfather’s title in 1688 but deserted James II in the

  • Butler, Jerry (American singer)

    “It's All Right”: Chicago Soul: …a distinctly soulful sound was Jerry Butler and the Impressions’ “For Your Precious Love” (1958). Butler and the Impressions parted company to pursue parallel careers but remained in contact, and the group’s guitarist, Mayfield, provided Butler’s next big hit, “He Will Break Your Heart” (1960); its gospel structure established the…

  • Butler, Jimmy (American basketball player)

    Minnesota Timberwolves: …complemented by veteran All-Star wing Jimmy Butler, and the team returned to the postseason after a 14-year playoff drought. However, Butler clashed with his coach and teammates and was traded away during the 2018–19 season, which ended with Minnesota finishing in last place in its division and missing the playoffs.

  • Butler, Johanna (Irish Roman Catholic nun)

    Mother Marie Joseph Butler, Roman Catholic nun who founded the Marymount schools in Europe and the United States. In 1876 Butler became a novice in the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Mary in Béziers, France. She took the name Marie Joseph. In 1879 she was sent as a teacher to the order’s

  • Butler, John Bradshaw (American football player)

    Jack Butler, (John Bradshaw Butler), American football player (born Nov. 12, 1927, Pittsburgh, Pa.—died May 11, 2013, Pittsburgh), was a fearless defensive back (1951–59) for the NFL Pittsburgh Steelers and accrued a career record of 52 pass interceptions (in 103 games), a tally that was second

  • Butler, Joseph (British bishop and philosopher)

    Joseph Butler, Church of England bishop, moral philosopher, preacher to the royal court, and influential author who defended revealed religion against the rationalists of his time. Ordained in 1718, Butler became preacher at the Rolls Chapel in London, where he delivered his famous “Sermons on

  • Butler, Judith (American philosopher)

    Judith Butler, American academic whose theories of the performative nature of gender and sex were influential within Francocentric philosophy, cultural theory, queer theory, and some schools of philosophical feminism from the late 20th century. Butler’s father was a dentist and her mother an

  • Butler, Mother Marie Joseph (Irish Roman Catholic nun)

    Mother Marie Joseph Butler, Roman Catholic nun who founded the Marymount schools in Europe and the United States. In 1876 Butler became a novice in the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Mary in Béziers, France. She took the name Marie Joseph. In 1879 she was sent as a teacher to the order’s

  • Butler, Nicholas Murray (American educator)

    Nicholas Murray Butler, American educator, publicist, and political figure who (with Jane Addams) shared the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931 and served as president of Columbia University from 1901 to 1945. Butler was educated at Columbia College, which became his intellectual and occupational home

  • Butler, Octavia E. (American author)

    Octavia E. Butler, African American author chiefly noted for her science fiction novels about future societies and superhuman powers. They are noteworthy for their unique synthesis of science fiction, mysticism, mythology, and African American spiritualism. Butler was educated at Pasadena City

  • Butler, Octavia Estelle (American author)

    Octavia E. Butler, African American author chiefly noted for her science fiction novels about future societies and superhuman powers. They are noteworthy for their unique synthesis of science fiction, mysticism, mythology, and African American spiritualism. Butler was educated at Pasadena City

  • Butler, Pierce (United States jurist)

    Pierce Butler, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (1923–39). Butler was admitted to the Minnesota bar in 1888. After serving as assistant county attorney and then county attorney in St. Paul, he formed a law firm and, over 25 years, became the foremost railroad attorney of the

  • Butler, Piers (Irish noble)

    Piers Butler, 8th earl of Ormonde, leading member of the Butler family in Ireland; he claimed the earldom in 1515, seized the estates, and revived the Butler influence. A cousin of the 7th earl (Thomas Butler), who died without issue, Piers Butler fought for the English against the rebel Irish

  • Butler, R. A., Baron Butler of Saffron Walden (British statesman)

    R. A. Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, British statesman high in the councils of government during World War II and the postwar years. Educated at Cambridge (1921–25), Butler lectured at that university on French history until 1929, when he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. During

  • Butler, Rab (British statesman)

    R. A. Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, British statesman high in the councils of government during World War II and the postwar years. Educated at Cambridge (1921–25), Butler lectured at that university on French history until 1929, when he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. During

  • Butler, Reg (English sculptor)

    Reg Butler, English sculptor of figurative works noted for their strenuous quality of line. Butler studied architecture and lectured at the Architectural Association School, London (1937–39). He worked for a time as a blacksmith, and his early openwork sculptures in wrought iron reflect this

  • Butler, Reginald Cotterell (English sculptor)

    Reg Butler, English sculptor of figurative works noted for their strenuous quality of line. Butler studied architecture and lectured at the Architectural Association School, London (1937–39). He worked for a time as a blacksmith, and his early openwork sculptures in wrought iron reflect this

  • Butler, Rhett (fictional character)

    Rhett Butler, fictional character, the rakish third husband of Scarlett O’Hara in Margaret Mitchell’s novel Gone with the Wind (1936). Though born a Southern gentleman, Butler is alienated from his family and consorts with Northerners during the American Civil War. He has a realistic view of the

  • Butler, Richard Austen, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden (British statesman)

    R. A. Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, British statesman high in the councils of government during World War II and the postwar years. Educated at Cambridge (1921–25), Butler lectured at that university on French history until 1929, when he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. During

  • Butler, Richard Girnt (American white supremacist)

    Richard Girnt Butler, American white supremacist (born Feb. 23, 1918, near Denver, Colo.—died Sept. 8, 2004, Hayden, Idaho), founded (1973) the Aryan Nations group and served as leader of its world headquarters, an 8-ha (20-ac) compound in Idaho. The group was bankrupted in 2000 and had to sell i

  • Butler, Robert (American psychiatrist)

    Robert Neil Butler, American psychiatrist (born Jan. 21, 1927, New York, N.Y.—died July 4, 2010, New York City), coined the term ageism to describe discrimination against the elderly and pioneered improved understanding and treatment of the aged. He brought issues of aging into the public eye in

  • Butler, Samuel (English author [1612–1680])

    Samuel Butler, poet and satirist, famous as the author of Hudibras, the most memorable burlesque poem in the English language and the first English satire to make a notable and successful attack on ideas rather than on personalities. It is directed against the fanaticism, pretentiousness, pedantry,

  • Butler, Samuel (English author [1835-1902])

    Samuel Butler, English novelist, essayist, and critic whose satire Erewhon (1872) foreshadowed the collapse of the Victorian illusion of eternal progress. The Way of All Flesh (1903), his autobiographical novel, is generally considered his masterpiece. Butler was the son of the Reverend Thomas

  • Butler, Terry (British musician)

    Black Sabbath: …3, 1948, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England), Terry (“Geezer”) Butler (b. July 17, 1949, Birmingham), Tony Iommi (b. February 19, 1948, Birmingham), and Bill Ward (b. May 5, 1948, Birmingham).

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