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  • Becker, Gary Stanley (American economist)

    Gary S. Becker, American economist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1992. He applied the methods of economics to aspects of human behaviour previously considered more or less the exclusive domain of sociology, criminology, anthropology, and demography. Becker was educated at

  • Becker, George Ferdinand (American geologist)

    George Ferdinand Becker, geologist who advanced the study of mining geology from physical, chemical, and mathematical approaches. Becker showed a talent for the natural sciences, particularly botany and zoology, while still a schoolboy. While studying as an undergraduate at Harvard University, he

  • Becker, Helen (American dancer and choreographer)

    Helen Tamiris, American choreographer, modern dancer, and teacher, one of the first to make use of jazz, African American spirituals, and social-protest themes in her work. Helen Becker began her dance studies with Irene Lewisohn in freestyle movement. Later, trained in ballet by Michel Fokine and

  • Becker, Howard S. (American sociologist)

    Howard S. Becker, American sociologist known for his studies of occupations, education, deviance, and art. Becker studied sociology at the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1951) and taught for most of his career at Northwestern University (1965–91). His early research applied a definition of culture

  • Becker, Howard Saul (American sociologist)

    Howard S. Becker, American sociologist known for his studies of occupations, education, deviance, and art. Becker studied sociology at the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1951) and taught for most of his career at Northwestern University (1965–91). His early research applied a definition of culture

  • Becker, Paula (German painter)

    Paula Modersohn-Becker, German painter who helped introduce into German art the styles of late 19th-century Post-Impressionist painters such as Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, and Vincent van Gogh. Becker was interested in art at an early age and began to study drawing in 1888, when her family moved to

  • Becker, Walter (American musician)

    Steely Dan: The band members were guitarist Walter Becker (b. February 20, 1950, New York, New York, U.S.—d. September 3, 2017, New York City) and keyboardist and vocalist Donald Fagen (b. January 10, 1948, Passaic, New Jersey).

  • Becker, Wilhelm Adolf (German archaeologist)

    Wilhelm Adolf Becker, German classical archaeologist, remembered for his works on the everyday life of the ancient Romans and Greeks. Becker was educated at Schulpforta and Leipzig, and from 1842 he was professor of classical archaeology at Leipzig. His early studies of Plautus’ comedies aroused

  • Becket (film by Glenville [1964])

    Becket, American-British dramatic film, released in 1964, that was an adaptation of French playwright Jean Anouilh’s play Becket ou l’honneur de Dieu (1959; Becket; or, The Honour of God) about the quarrel between Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and King Henry II of England. The film

  • becket (weapon)

    spear-thrower: …to these spear-throwers is the becket, a short length of cord that operates like a sling, causing the hurled spear to spin as it flies. A similar contrivance used by the soldiers of ancient Greece and Rome was also used by some North African peoples; it differs from the becket…

  • becket bend (knot)

    knot: The sheet bend, or weaver’s knot, is widely used by sailors for uniting two ropes of different sizes. The end of one rope is passed through a loop of the other, is passed around the loop, and under its own standing part. An ordinary fishnet is…

  • Becket, Frederick Mark (American metallurgist)

    Frederick Mark Becket, metallurgist who developed a process of using silicon instead of carbon as a reducing agent in metal production, thus making low-carbon ferroalloys and certain steels practical. After graduating (1895) from McGill University, Montreal, Becket attended Columbia University, New

  • Becket, St. Thomas (archbishop of Canterbury)

    St. Thomas Becket, ; canonized 1173; feast day December 29), chancellor of England (1155–62) and archbishop of Canterbury (1162–70) during the reign of King Henry II. His career was marked by a long quarrel with Henry that ended with Becket’s murder in Canterbury Cathedral. He is venerated as a

  • Becket, Thomas à (archbishop of Canterbury)

    St. Thomas Becket, ; canonized 1173; feast day December 29), chancellor of England (1155–62) and archbishop of Canterbury (1162–70) during the reign of King Henry II. His career was marked by a long quarrel with Henry that ended with Becket’s murder in Canterbury Cathedral. He is venerated as a

  • Beckett, Josh (American baseball player)

    Boston Red Sox: …by standout pitching performances by Josh Beckett, Jonathan Papelbon, and rookie Daisuke Matsuzaka—captured another World Series title in 2007, sweeping the Colorado Rockies in four games.

  • Beckett, Margaret (British politician)

    Margaret Beckett, British politician who served as foreign secretary of the United Kingdom (2006–07), the first woman to hold the post. She briefly served (1994) as leader of the Labour Party, the first woman to hold that post. Beckett trained as a scientist, graduating from the Manchester College

  • Beckett, Samuel (Irish author)

    Samuel Beckett, author, critic, and playwright, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969. He wrote in both French and English and is perhaps best known for his plays, especially En attendant Godot (1952; Waiting for Godot). Samuel Beckett was born in a suburb of Dublin. Like his fellow

  • Beckett, Samuel Barclay (Irish author)

    Samuel Beckett, author, critic, and playwright, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969. He wrote in both French and English and is perhaps best known for his plays, especially En attendant Godot (1952; Waiting for Godot). Samuel Beckett was born in a suburb of Dublin. Like his fellow

  • Beckett, Sir Edmund, 5th baronet (British horologist)

    Edmund Beckett, 1st Baron Grimthorpe, English lawyer and horologist notorious in his day for his disputatious demeanour but now better remembered as the designer of the highly accurate regulator incorporated in the clock in Elizabeth Tower (formerly St. Stephen’s Tower) of the British Houses of

  • Beckett, Sister Wendy (British nun and art critic)

    Sister Wendy Beckett, South African-born British nun who appeared on a series of popular television shows and wrote a number of books as an art critic. Nicknamed the “Art Nun,” she offered eloquent and down-to-earth commentary that made art accessible to everyone. While still a child, Beckett moved

  • Beckford, William (British writer)

    William Beckford, eccentric English dilettante, author of the Gothic novel Vathek (1786). Such writers as George Gordon, Lord Byron, and Stéphane Mallarmé acknowledged his genius. He also is renowned for having built Fonthill Abbey, the most sensational building of the English Gothic Revival.

  • Beckford, William (lord mayor of London, England)

    William Beckford, gentleman merchant, member of Parliament, and lord mayor of London (1762–63, 1769–70) who was particularly noted as a pioneer of the radical movement. Beckford was reared in Jamaica, first arriving in England (to complete his schooling) at the age of 14. Upon the death of his

  • Beckham, David (British athlete)

    David Beckham, English football (soccer) player who gained international fame for his on-field play as well as for his highly publicized personal life. At age 11 Beckham won a football contest, and as a teenager he competed on Manchester United’s youth squad, leading it to a national championship

  • Beckham, David and Victoria

    David and Victoria Beckham, Even for a country as obsessed with celebrity status as Great Britain, the phenomenon of David and Victoria Beckham grew in 2001 into something remarkable. When David, the captain of England’s association football (soccer) team and a key midfielder on Manchester United

  • Beckham, Victoria (English singer and designer)

    Victoria Beckham, English singer and designer who gained stardom in the mid-1990s as a member of the pop band Spice Girls and later launched a successful line of clothing and accessories. At age 20, Adams was one of the five young women selected to create the music group Spice Girls. The media

  • Beckham, Victoria Caroline Adams (English singer and designer)

    Victoria Beckham, English singer and designer who gained stardom in the mid-1990s as a member of the pop band Spice Girls and later launched a successful line of clothing and accessories. At age 20, Adams was one of the five young women selected to create the music group Spice Girls. The media

  • Beckley (West Virginia, United States)

    Beckley, city, seat (1850) of Raleigh county, southern West Virginia, U.S., approximately 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Charleston. The first settlement was established by Gen. Alfred Beckley in 1838, but the city’s growth dates from 1890, with the start of commercial shipments of smokeless coal

  • Becklin-Neugebauer object (astronomy)

    infrared source: …sources yet discovered, the so-called Becklin–Neugebauer object. Located in a giant molecular cloud behind the Orion Nebula, it radiates very intensely in the infrared but scarcely at all in the optical. Many investigators hypothesize that the object is an incipient massive star.

  • Beckmann rearrangement (chemistry)

    amine: Occurrence and sources of amines: The Beckmann rearrangement, by which a ketoxime, R2C=NOH, is rearranged to an amide, RCONHR, can be used to prepare primary amines when followed by hydrolysis.

  • Beckmann, Max (German painter)

    Max Beckmann, German Expressionist painter and printmaker whose works are notable for the boldness and power of their symbolic commentary on the tragic events of the 20th century. Beckmann was trained from 1900 to 1903 at the conservative Weimar Academy, where he was influenced by the idealistic

  • Becknell, William (American explorer)

    William Becknell, trader of the American West who established the Santa Fe Trail. Upon settling in Missouri, Becknell became involved in trade with the Southwest. At the time, the Spanish government prohibited U.S. traders from selling goods in New Mexico. But after Spanish control of the area was

  • Beckner, Morton O. (American philosopher)

    biology, philosophy of: The structure of evolutionary theory: …started by the American philosopher Morton O. Beckner (1928–2001), who argued that there are many more or less independent branches—including population genetics, paleontology, biogeography, systematics, anatomy, and embryology—which nevertheless are loosely bound together in a “net,” the conclusions of one branch serving as premises or insights in another. Assuming a…

  • Beckwith, Byron De La (American assassin)

    Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (born Nov. 9, 1920, Colusa, Calif.—died Jan. 21, 2001, Jackson, Miss.), was the convicted murderer of civil rights leader Medgar Evers. On June 12, 1963, Evers, the Mississippi field secretary for the National Association for the Advancement of

  • Beckwith, James Pierson (American explorer)

    Jim Beckwourth, American mountain man who lived for an extended period among the Indians. He was the son of a white man, Sir Jennings Beckwith, and a mulatto slave woman and legally was born a slave. His father took him to Louisiana Territory in 1810 and eventually to St. Louis and there apparently

  • Beckwourth, Jim (American explorer)

    Jim Beckwourth, American mountain man who lived for an extended period among the Indians. He was the son of a white man, Sir Jennings Beckwith, and a mulatto slave woman and legally was born a slave. His father took him to Louisiana Territory in 1810 and eventually to St. Louis and there apparently

  • Becky Sharp (film by Mamoulian [1935])

    Rouben Mamoulian: Films of the 1930s: …brought to the screen as Becky Sharp (1935). That film also had the distinction of being the first Technicolor feature release.

  • Becoming (autobiography by Obama)

    Michelle Obama: …2018 she released the autobiography Becoming, which garnered much attention. Although the book largely avoided politics, her criticism of Trump, whom she claimed endangered her family with his role in the “birther” conspiracy, drew particular interest. A tour for the book was the basis of the documentary Becoming (2020), which…

  • Becoming (work by Allport)

    Gordon Allport: In Becoming (1955) he stressed the importance of self and the uniqueness of adult personality. The self, he contended, is an identifiable organization within each individual and accounts for the unity of personality, higher motives, and continuity of personal memories. He also made important contributions to…

  • Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story (work by Monette)

    Paul Monette: …An AIDS Memoir (1988) and Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story (1992).

  • Becoming Jane (film by Jarrold [2007])

    Anne Hathaway: …included the lead role in Becoming Jane (2007), a fictionalized account of the life of author Jane Austen, and her portrayal of Kym, a recovering drug addict, in Rachel Getting Married (2008)—for which she earned her first Academy Award nomination. Hathaway further expanded her range with the romantic comedies Bride…

  • Becontree Estate (housing development, Barking and Dagenham, London, United Kingdom)

    Barking and Dagenham: …the building of the huge Becontree Estate housing development by the London County Council in the 1920s and the associated large-scale influx of new industries. Important manufacturers include a large automotive works and a chemical plant at Dagenham. The original immense Barking Power Station (1925–81) is still a conspicuous landmark.…

  • Becque, Henry-Fran?ois (French dramatist)

    Henry-Fran?ois Becque, dramatist and critic whose loosely structured plays, based on character and motivation rather than on closely knit plots, provided a healthy challenge to the “well-made plays” that held the stage in his day. Although Becque disliked literary theory and refused identification

  • Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo (Spanish author)

    Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, poet and author of the late Romantic period who is considered one of the first modern Spanish poets. Orphaned by age 11, Bécquer was strongly influenced by his painter brother, Valeriano. He moved to Madrid in 1854 in pursuit of a literary career, and from 1861 to 1868 he

  • becquerel (physics)

    activity: …System of Units by the becquerel (abbreviated Bq), which is exactly equal to one disintegration per second. The old standard unit was the curie (abbreviated Ci), which is equal to 3.7 × 1010 Bq.

  • Becquerel, Alexandre-Edmond (French physicist)

    thermionic power converter: Development of thermionic devices: In 1853 the French physicist Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel reported that only a few volts were required to drive electric current through the air between high-temperature platinum electrodes. From 1882 to 1889, Julius Elster and Hans Geitel of Germany developed a sealed device containing two electrodes, one of which could be heated…

  • Becquerel, Antoine-César (French physicist)

    solar cell: Development of solar cells: …the work of French physicist Antoine-César Becquerel in 1839. Becquerel discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with a solid electrode in an electrolyte solution; he observed that voltage developed when light fell upon the electrode. About 50 years later, Charles Fritts constructed the first true solar cells using junctions formed…

  • Becquerel, Antoine-Henri (French physicist)

    Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity through his investigations of uranium and other substances. In 1903 he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie. He was a member of a scientific family extending through several generations, the most notable being

  • Becquerel, Henri (French physicist)

    Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity through his investigations of uranium and other substances. In 1903 he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie. He was a member of a scientific family extending through several generations, the most notable being

  • Becrux (star)

    Beta Crucis, second brightest star (after Alpha Crucis) in the southern constellation Crux (the Southern Cross) and the 20th brightest star in the sky. Beta Crucis is a binary of two B-type stars about 280 light-years from Earth. The primary is a pulsating variable star of the Beta Cephei type; its

  • Bécs (national capital, Austria)

    Vienna, city and Bundesland (federal state), the capital of Austria. Of the country’s nine states, Vienna is the smallest in area but the largest in population. Modern Vienna has undergone several historical incarnations. From 1558 to 1918 it was an imperial city—until 1806 the seat of the Holy

  • Bécu, Marie-Jeanne (mistress of Louis XV of France)

    Jeanne Bécu, countess du Barry, last of the mistresses of the French king Louis XV (reigned 1715–74). Although she exercised little political influence at the French court, her unpopularity contributed to the decline of the prestige of the crown in the early 1770s. She was born Marie-Jeanne Bécu,

  • bed (rock-stratigraphic unit)

    sedimentary rock: External stratification: These beds, or strata, are of varying thickness and areal extent. The term stratum identifies a single bed, or unit, normally greater than one centimetre in thickness and visibly separable from superjacent (overlying) and subjacent (underlying) beds. “Strata” refers to two or more beds, and the…

  • bed (furniture)

    Bed, piece of furniture upon which a person may recline or sleep, for many centuries considered the most important piece of furniture in the house and a prized status symbol. In ancient civilizations (and, indeed, in Europe until the later Middle Ages), beds were used not merely for sleeping but

  • Bed and Board (film by Truffaut [1970])

    Fran?ois Truffaut: Early works: …Doinel in Domicile conjugale (1970; Bed &amp; Board), he married and became a father.

  • Bed I (anthropological and archaeological site stratum, Tanzania)

    Olduvai Gorge: …to the youngest they are: Bed I (about 1.7 million to 2.1 million years old), Bed II (1.15 million to 1.7 million years old), Bed III (800,000 to 1.15 million years old), Bed IV (600,000 to 800,000 years old), the Masek Beds (400,000 to 600,000 years old), the Ndutu Beds…

  • Bed II (anthropological and archaeological site stratum, Tanzania)

    Olduvai Gorge: 1 million years old), Bed II (1.15 million to 1.7 million years old), Bed III (800,000 to 1.15 million years old), Bed IV (600,000 to 800,000 years old), the Masek Beds (400,000 to 600,000 years old), the Ndutu Beds (32,000 to 400,000 years old), and the Naisiusiu Beds (15,000…

  • Bed III (anthropological and archaeological site stratum, Tanzania)

    Olduvai Gorge: 7 million years old), Bed III (800,000 to 1.15 million years old), Bed IV (600,000 to 800,000 years old), the Masek Beds (400,000 to 600,000 years old), the Ndutu Beds (32,000 to 400,000 years old), and the Naisiusiu Beds (15,000 to 22,000 years old).

  • Bed IV (anthropological and archaeological site stratum, Tanzania)

    Olduvai Gorge: 15 million years old), Bed IV (600,000 to 800,000 years old), the Masek Beds (400,000 to 600,000 years old), the Ndutu Beds (32,000 to 400,000 years old), and the Naisiusiu Beds (15,000 to 22,000 years old).

  • Bed of Roses (film by La Cava [1933])

    Gregory La Cava: Heyday: …last picture for RKO was Bed of Roses (1933), an uneven romantic drama about former reform-school girls who are searching for wealthy men.

  • bed quilt (soft furnishing)

    bedspread: …French word contrepoinct, meaning “stitched quilt,” was probably made of patched or applied pieces, quilted together. The quilts, or quilted bedspreads, in both appliqué and patchwork, that were made in the United States during the 18th and 19th centuries have come to be considered an important type of American folk…

  • Bed Sitting Room, The (film by Lester [1969])

    Richard Lester: …Won the War (1967) and The Bed Sitting Room (1969)—were cut from the same stylistic cloth as the director’s two Beatles pictures, and the first of them was awarded the Palme d’Or at the Cannes film festival. His later films were more “mainstream” than his earlier efforts, though no less…

  • Bed-Knob and Broomstick (work by Norton)

    Mary Norton: …combined into a single volume, Bed-Knob and Broomstick (1957; filmed as Bedknobs and Broomsticks, 1971).

  • bed-type milling machine

    machine tool: Production millers: …operations generally are classified as bed-type milling machines because of their design. The sliding table is mounted directly onto the massive bed of the machine and cannot be raised or moved transversely; table movement is longitudinal only. The spindle head may be adjusted vertically to establish the depth of cut.…

  • bed-wetting (pathology)

    enuresis: …one year and then lost), nocturnal (occurring only during sleep), or diurnal (occurring during waking hours). The most prevalent form is nocturnal enuresis (also called bed-wetting and usually of the primary type), and the disorder occurs more often among boys than girls. Roughly 1 percent of children continue to be…

  • Beda the Venerable, Saint (Anglo-Saxon historian)

    St. Bede the Venerable, ; canonized 1899; feast day May 25), Anglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist. St. Bede is best known for his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), a source vital to the history of the conversion to Christianity

  • bedaja (dance)

    Southeast Asian arts: Dramatic and nondramatic forms: Among court dances, the Javanese bedaja is typical. Nine dancers move in unison, without emotional expression, in precisely fixed choreographic patterns designed to demonstrate sheer grace of movement. The maebot, composed as a Thai “alphabet of dance,” is used to train pupils in the basic movements of court dance. Other…

  • Bédard, Myriam (Canadian athlete)

    Myriam Bédard, Canadian biathlete who was the first North American to medal in the Olympic biathlon, earning a bronze medal at the 1992 Winter Games in Albertville, France. She later won two gold medals in the biathlon at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway. Bédard competed as a junior

  • Bedaux, Charles Eugene (American efficiency engineer)

    Charles Eugene Bedaux, French-born American efficiency engineer who developed the Bedaux plan for measuring and compensating industrial labour. Bedaux immigrated to the United States at the age of about 20 and became a naturalized citizen in 1917. During and after World War I he organized

  • Bedawi language

    Cushitic languages: …Cushitic family: North Cushitic, or Beja; Central Cushitic (also known as Agau [Agaw, Agew]), with languages such as Bilin, Kemant, Kwara, Xamtage, and Awngi; South Cushitic (spoken mainly in Tanzania), including Iraqw, Burunge, and Gorowa, the hybrid language Ma?a/Mbugu, and (in Kenya) Dahalo; Highland East Cushitic, including Burji,

  • Bedazzled (film by Donen [1967])

    Stanley Donen: Films of the 1960s and ’70s: …would another of Donen’s films, Bedazzled (1967), a comic exploration of the seven deadly sins that operated as a vehicle for actors Dudley Moore and Peter Cooke. Intriguing but often overlooked is Donen’s provocative teaming of Rex Harrison and Richard Burton as a gay couple in Staircase (1969). In 1974…

  • bedbug (insect)

    Bedbug, (family Cimicidae), any of about 75 species of insects in the true bug order, Heteroptera, that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. The reddish brown adult is broad and flat and 4 to 5 mm (less than 0.2 inch) long. The greatly atrophied scalelike vestigial wings are

  • Bedbug, The (work by Mayakovsky)

    Vladimir Mayakovsky: …satirical plays: Klop (performed 1929; The Bedbug), lampooning the type of philistine that emerged with the New Economic Policy in the Soviet Union, and Banya (performed in Leningrad on Jan. 30, 1930; The Bathhouse), a satire of bureaucratic stupidity and opportunism under Joseph Stalin.

  • Bedde (people)

    Bedde: Although Bade (Bedde, Bede) peoples settled in the vicinity of Tagali village near Gashua as early as the 14th century, they shortly thereafter came under the jurisdiction of a galadima (“governor”) of the Bornu kingdom based at nearby Nguru (see Kanem-Bornu). Not until the late 18th…

  • Bedde (emirate, Nigeria)

    Bedde, traditional emirate, Yobe state, northern Nigeria. Although Bade (Bedde, Bede) peoples settled in the vicinity of Tagali village near Gashua as early as the 14th century, they shortly thereafter came under the jurisdiction of a galadima (“governor”) of the Bornu kingdom based at nearby

  • bedded chert (geology)

    chert and flint: Bedded chert, also referred to as ribbon chert, is made up of layers of chert interbedded with thin layers of shale. Many bedded cherts are made up of the remains of siliceous organisms such as diatoms, radiolarians, or sponge spicules.

  • bedded phosphorite (geology)

    sedimentary rock: Phosphorites: …regionally extensive, crystalline nodular, and bedded phosphorites, (2) localized concentrations of phosphate-rich clastic deposits (bone beds), and (3) guano deposits.

  • bedding (geology)

    Stratification, the layering that occurs in most sedimentary rocks and in those igneous rocks formed at the Earth’s surface, as from lava flows and volcanic fragmental deposits. The layers range from several millimetres to many metres in thickness and vary greatly in shape. Strata may range from

  • bedding begonia (plant)

    waxplant: Unrelated plants: The wax begonia (see begonia) is a waxy-leaved bedding and pot plant. The wax-leaved privet, or white wax tree, is a landscape plant used in warm climates. The wax tree (Toxicodendron succedaneum) is a Japanese tree grown for its waxy berries and stem juices that yield…

  • bedding geranium (plant)

    geranium: Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. × hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used…

  • bedding plant (gardening)

    Bedding plant, any of a number of plants that are grown, usually in quantity, in pots or flats in a greenhouse or similar structure and that are intended to be transplanted to a flower garden, hanging basket, window box, or other outdoor planter. Most bedding plants are annuals. They are

  • Beddoes, Thomas Lovell (English poet)

    Thomas Lovell Beddoes, poet best known for his haunting dramatic poem Death’s Jest-Book; or, The Fool’s Tragedy. The son of a distinguished scientist, Beddoes seems early to have acquired, from his father’s dissections and speculations on anatomy and the soul, an obsession with death that was to

  • Bede (people)

    Bedde: Although Bade (Bedde, Bede) peoples settled in the vicinity of Tagali village near Gashua as early as the 14th century, they shortly thereafter came under the jurisdiction of a galadima (“governor”) of the Bornu kingdom based at nearby Nguru (see Kanem-Bornu). Not until the late 18th…

  • Bede of Jarrow (Anglo-Saxon historian)

    St. Bede the Venerable, ; canonized 1899; feast day May 25), Anglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist. St. Bede is best known for his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), a source vital to the history of the conversion to Christianity

  • Bede the Venerable, St. (Anglo-Saxon historian)

    St. Bede the Venerable, ; canonized 1899; feast day May 25), Anglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist. St. Bede is best known for his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), a source vital to the history of the conversion to Christianity

  • Bede, Adam (fictional character)

    Adam Bede, fictional character, an honest and respectable carpenter who is the protagonist of Adam Bede (1859) by George

  • bedeguar gall (plant tissue swelling)

    gall wasp: The bedeguar gall (also called moss gall, or robin’s pincushion), which may contain about 50 or more larvae, is commonly seen on rose bushes and is caused by the gall wasp Diplolepis rosae.

  • Bedford (Indiana, United States)

    Bedford, city, seat of Lawrence county, southern Indiana, U.S., 25 miles (40 km) south of Bloomington. Founded in 1825 as the county seat and named by Joseph Rawlins for his home county of Bedford, Tennessee, it developed with the discovery of oolitic limestone in the 1830s. Bedford limestone is a

  • Bedford (city, Ohio, United States)

    Bedford, city, residential southeastern suburb of Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, northern Ohio, U.S. Moravian missionaries, who settled there temporarily in 1786, called the site Pilgerruh (German: “Pilgrim’s Rest”). The site, surveyed in 1810, was permanently settled in 1813 by Elijah Nobles and

  • Bedford (England, United Kingdom)

    Bedford, city, Bedford unitary authority, historic county of Bedfordshire, England, in the fertile valley of the River Ouse. A Roman fording station and a Saxon town (cemetery of Kempston), it was recaptured by the Anglo-Saxon sovereign Edward the Elder (ruled 899–924) from the Danes in 914. The

  • Bedford (county, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Bedford, county, southern Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered to the south by Maryland and to the east by Town Hill and Rays Hill. It is a mountainous region lying mostly in the Appalachian Ridge and Valley physiographic province. Other topographic features include Wills, Evitts, Tussey, Polish, and

  • Bedford (Pennsylvania, United States)

    Bedford, borough (town), seat (1771) of Bedford county, southern Pennsylvania, U.S., on the Pennsylvania Turnpike and the Raystown Branch Juniata River, in the Allegheny Mountains, 38 miles (61 km) south of Altoona. A settlement made on the site about 1750 by John Wray (or Ray), a Scottish trader,

  • Bedford (Massachusetts, United States)

    Bedford, town (township), Middlesex county, northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies near the Concord River, just northwest of Boston. Settled in 1642, it developed around an Algonquian Indian trading post called the Shawsheen House. It was incorporated in 1729 and named for Bedford, England. The

  • Bedford (unitary authority, England, United Kingdom)

    Bedford, unitary authority, south-central England. It is bounded to the northeast by Cambridgeshire, to the southeast and south by Central Bedfordshire, to the southwest by Milton Keynes, and to the northwest by Northamptonshire. The administrative centre is Bedford town. The borough (district) of

  • Bedford (New York, United States)

    Bedford, town (township), Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S., north of White Plains, near the Connecticut state line. Bedford Village, the original settlement, was founded in 1680 by 22 farmers from Stamford, Connecticut, on a tract known as the hop ground that was purchased from

  • Bedford Level (marshland, England, United Kingdom)

    Fens, natural region of about 15,500 sq mi (40,100 sq km) of reclaimed marshland in eastern England, extending north to south between Lincoln and Cambridge. Across its surface the Rivers Witham, Welland, Nen, and Ouse flow into the North Sea indentation between Lincolnshire and Norfolk known as

  • Bedford Park (suburb, Ealing, London, United Kingdom)

    Norman Shaw: …by Shaw in 1876 at Bedford Park (now on the western side of London) was the first of its kind and was influential on the development of suburban planning.

  • Bedford Whigs (British political history)

    John Russell, 4th duke of Bedford: ), leader of the “Bedford Whigs,” a major parliamentary force in the third quarter of the 18th century in England.

  • Bedford, Brian (British-born actor)

    Brian Bedford, British-born actor (born Feb. 16, 1935, Morley, Yorkshire, Eng.—died Jan. 13, 2016, Santa Barbara, Calif.), excelled as a classical theatre actor in London’s West End, in New York City (in both Broadway and Off-Broadway productions), and, most notably, at Canada’s Stratford

  • Bedford, Francis Russell, 2nd earl of (British noble)

    Francis Russell, 2nd earl of Bedford, Protestant supporter of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Only son of the 1st earl, he took his seat in the House of Lords as Lord Russell in 1552. Russell was in sympathy with the Protestant reformers, whose opinions he shared, and was imprisoned during the

  • Bedford, Francis Russell, 4th earl of (British noble)

    Francis Russell, 4th earl of Bedford, only son of William, Lord Russell of Thornhaugh, who became earl of Bedford by the death of his cousin Edward, the 3rd earl, in May 1627. When the quarrel broke out between Charles I and Parliament in 1628, Bedford supported the demands of the House of Commons

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