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  • Behind the Painting and Other Stories (work by Siburapha)

    Thai literature: …and Khang lang phap (1937; Behind the Painting and Other Stories) by Siburapha (pen name of Kulap Saipradit), Ying khon chua (1937; The Prostitute) by K. Surangkhanang (Kanha Khiengsiri), and Phudi (1937; “The Gentry”) by Dokmai Sot (Buppha Kunchon), have since come to be regarded as classics. Of these, the…

  • Behind the Scenes at the Museum (novel by Atkinson)

    Kate Atkinson: first novel was the tragicomedy Behind the Scenes at the Museum (1995), which evolved from a series of previously written short stories. The novel centres on Ruby Lennox, whose narrative of self-discovery ultimately becomes the story of her family’s survival through two world wars. Atkinson interspersed the text with “footnotes”—chapter-long…

  • Behind the Scenes; or Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (work by Keckley)

    slave narrative: In Behind the Scenes; or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (1868), Elizabeth Keckley chronicled her successful rise from enslavement in Virginia and Missouri to employment as the modiste and confidante of Mary Todd Lincoln. Former slaves who joined the post-Civil…

  • Behistun (Iran)

    Bīsitūn, village and precipitous rock situated at the foot of the Zagros Mountains in the Kermanshah region of Iran. In ancient times Bīsitūn was on the old road from Ecbatana, capital of ancient Media, to Babylon, and it was on that scarp that the Achaemenid king Darius I the Great (reigned

  • Behmenburg, Gertrude Wilhelmina (Dutch-born fashion model and businesswoman)

    Wilhelmina Cooper, Dutch-born fashion model and businesswoman who, with her husband, founded the modeling agency Wilhelmina Models Inc. In many eyes, Cooper epitomized the high society look of the 1950s and ’60s with her 5-foot 11-inch (1.8-metre) curvaceous figure, large brown eyes, high

  • Behn, Aphra (English author)

    Aphra Behn, English dramatist, fiction writer, and poet who was the first Englishwoman known to earn her living by writing. Her origin remains a mystery, in part because Behn may have deliberately obscured her early life. One tradition identifies Behn as the child known only as Ayfara or Aphra who

  • Behn, Hernand (American businessman)

    ITT Corporation: …Sosthenes Behn and his brother Hernand Behn as a holding company for their Caribbean-based telephone and telegraph companies; it received its name in imitation of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&amp;T). Throughout the 1920s ITT expanded into the still-undeveloped European telephone market, obtaining the concession for telephone service in…

  • Behn, Sosthenes (American businessman)

    Sosthenes Behn, telephone executive, president and founder, with his brother Hernand, of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation (itt), one of the largest communications companies in the world. Educated on the island of Corsica and in Paris, Behn began his career in 1901 with a New

  • Behnes, William (British sculptor)

    Western sculpture: Relation to the Baroque and the Rococo: …Hodges Baily, John Gibson, and William Behnes.

  • Behold a Pale Horse (film by Zinnemann [1964])

    Fred Zinnemann: Films of the 1960s: Behold a Pale Horse (1964) was less successful, with some critics believing that Gregory Peck had been miscast as a Loyalist Spanish Civil War hero who, 20 years after that conflict ended, is still waging an ideological battle with a militia captain (Anthony Quinn). A…

  • Behold the Man (novella by Moorcock)

    Michael Moorcock: …Award for his novella “Behold the Man,” in which a time traveler from the 20th century takes the place in history of an intellectually disabled Jesus. New Worlds ended publication in 1970 but was revived as a quarterly, also edited by Moorcock, until its final issue in 1976.

  • Behold the Murmuring Sea (poem by Tasso)

    Claudio Monteverdi: Early career: …setting of the poem “Behold the Murmuring Sea” by Torquato Tasso.

  • Behr, Anna (German-American publisher and philanthropist)

    Anna Sartorius Uhl Ottendorfer, publisher and philanthropist who helped establish a major German-American newspaper and contributed liberally to German-American institutions. Anna Sartorius received a scanty education. About 1836 she immigrated to the United States and settled in New York City.

  • Behr, Edward Samuel (British journalist and author)

    Edward Samuel Behr, British journalist and author (born May 7, 1926, Paris, France—died May 26, 2007, Paris ), covered wars in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, as well as such international emergencies as the 1962 Cuban missile crisis, in his role as a foreign correspondent for Reuters news

  • Behramo?lu, Ataol (Turkish writer)

    Turkish literature: Modern Turkish literature: Ataol Behramo?lu studied in Ankara and Moscow as well as in England and France. Often seen as the successor to Nazim Hikmet, he merged political themes and folkloric forms. Among his collections of poetry are Ku?atmada (1978; “During the Siege”) and Türkiye üzgün yurdum, güzel…

  • Behrens, Hildegard (German singer)

    Hildegard Behrens, German opera singer (born Feb. 9, 1937, Varel, Ger.—died Aug. 18, 2009, Tokyo, Japan), performed powerfully in dark soprano roles, most notably as Brünnhilde in Richard Wagner’s The Ring of the Nibelung. Behrens began her operatic career unusually late, studying voice at age 26

  • Behrens, Peter (German architect)

    Peter Behrens, architect noted for his influential role in the development of modern architecture in Germany. In addition, he was a pioneer in the field of industrial design. After attending the fine arts school at Hamburg, Behrens went to Munich in 1897 during the time of the renaissance of arts

  • Behring, Emil von (German bacteriologist)

    Emil von Behring, German bacteriologist who was one of the founders of immunology. In 1901 he received the first Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on serum therapy, particularly for its use in the treatment of diphtheria. Behring received his medical degree in 1878 from the

  • Behrman, S. N. (American author)

    S.N. Behrman, American short-story writer and playwright best known for popular Broadway plays that commented on contemporary moral issues. Behrman wrote about the wealthy, intellectual sector of society, endowing his characters with eloquence and intelligence. He is distinguished among popular

  • Behrman, Samuel Nathaniel (American author)

    S.N. Behrman, American short-story writer and playwright best known for popular Broadway plays that commented on contemporary moral issues. Behrman wrote about the wealthy, intellectual sector of society, endowing his characters with eloquence and intelligence. He is distinguished among popular

  • Behzād (Persian painter)

    Behzād, major Persian painter whose style as a miniaturist and work as a teacher were vital influences on Persian Islāmic painting. Orphaned at an early age, he was raised in the city of Herāt by the painter Mīrak Naqqāsh, who enjoyed the patronage of the Timurid princes who ruled the city. Behzād

  • Bei Dao (Chinese author)

    Bei Dao, Chinese poet and writer of fiction who was commonly considered the most influential poet in China during the 1980s; he went into exile in 1989. The eruption of the Cultural Revolution in 1966 interrupted Zhao Zhenkai’s formal education. A member of the Red Guards for a short time and then

  • Bei Hai Park (park, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Recreation: Bei Hai Park lies to the northwest of the Forbidden City. It covers some 170 acres (70 hectares), half of which is water. The focus is on Bei Hai, the most northerly of the three lakes—called “seas” (hai)—that lie roughly north-south along the western side…

  • Bei Han (ancient kingdom, China)

    China: The Shiguo (Ten Kingdoms): … (934–965), the Min (909–945), the Bei (Northern) Han (951–979), the Nan Han (917–971), and the Wu-Yue (907–978), the last located in China’s most rapidly advancing area—in and near the lower Yangtze delta.

  • Bei Jiang (river, China)

    Bei River, river in central Guangdong province, southeastern China. It is formed by the union of two smaller rivers, the Wu and the Zhen, at Shaoguan, in northern Guangdong. The Bei flows about 220 miles (350 km) south to join the Xi (West) River, west of Guangzhou (Canton). For centuries the Bei

  • Bei mir bist du schon (recording by The Andrew Sisters)

    the Andrews Sisters: …of the Yiddish song “Bei mir bist du schon.” The recording was released after Christmas 1937; by New Year’s Eve it had become the most popular song on New York radio stations, and it went on to become the first million-selling record by a female singing group.

  • Bei River (river, China)

    Bei River, river in central Guangdong province, southeastern China. It is formed by the union of two smaller rivers, the Wu and the Zhen, at Shaoguan, in northern Guangdong. The Bei flows about 220 miles (350 km) south to join the Xi (West) River, west of Guangzhou (Canton). For centuries the Bei

  • Bei Shizhang (Chinese biophysicist and educator)

    Bei Shizhang, Chinese biophysicist and educator (born Oct. 10, 1903, Zhenhai, China—died Oct. 29, 2009, Beijing, China), performed groundbreaking research in radiobiology, cytology, and embryology and was known as China’s father of biophysics. Bei earned a premedical degree (1921) from Tongji

  • Bei Song dynasty (Chinese history)

    Song dynasty: The last of the Northern Song emperors was himself perhaps the most noteworthy artist and art collector in the country. His capital at Kaifeng was a city of beauty, abounding in palaces, temples, and tall pagodas when, in 1126, the Juchen burned it. The architecture of the Song era…

  • Bei Wei (Chinese history [386-534/535])

    Wei dynasty, (386–534/535 ce), the longest-lived and most powerful of the northern Chinese dynasties that existed before the reunification of China under the Sui and Tang dynasties. The Wei dynasty was founded by Tabgatch (Tuoba) tribesmen who, like many of the nomads inhabiting the frontiers of

  • Bei Zhou dynasty (Chinese history)

    China: The Shiliuguo (Sixteen Kingdoms) in the north (303–439): The Bei (Northern) Zhou (557–581), strategically based in the rich basin of the Wei River, reunified the north (577). Four years later Yang Jian (better known by his posthumous name, Wendi), a general of mixed Chinese and barbarian descent (but claiming to be a pure-blooded Chinese),…

  • Beida (university, Beijing, China)

    Peking University, university in Beijing, one of the oldest and most important institutions of higher learning in China. Its total enrollment is about 35,000. The school originated as the Capital College, which was founded in 1898 by the Guangxu emperor as part of his short-lived program to

  • Beida, Al- (Yemen)

    Al-Bay?ā?, town, south-central Yemen. It is situated on a high plateau and, until the unification of the two Yemen states in 1990, was part of North Yemen (Sanaa), though it lay near the disputed frontier with South Yemen (Aden). The town, formerly known as Bay?ān Umm Rusās, was the historic

  • Beidao (Chinese author)

    Bei Dao, Chinese poet and writer of fiction who was commonly considered the most influential poet in China during the 1980s; he went into exile in 1989. The eruption of the Cultural Revolution in 1966 interrupted Zhao Zhenkai’s formal education. A member of the Red Guards for a short time and then

  • Beiderbecke, Bix (American musician)

    Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist who was an outstanding improviser and composer of the 1920s and whose style is characterized by lyricism and purity of tone. He was the first major white jazz soloist. As a boy Beiderbecke was expelled from Lake Forest Academy in suburban Chicago. In 1923 he

  • Beiderbecke, Leon Bix (American musician)

    Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist who was an outstanding improviser and composer of the 1920s and whose style is characterized by lyricism and purity of tone. He was the first major white jazz soloist. As a boy Beiderbecke was expelled from Lake Forest Academy in suburban Chicago. In 1923 he

  • Beiderwand (textiles)

    textile: Multiple plain weave: German 18th-century Beiderwand is an example of antique double-woven cloth consisting of two layers of tabby weave joined only along the edges of the pattern. A dark-coloured pattern in one layer is set against the light-coloured ground of the other layer; the pattern is seen in negative…

  • Beidha, Al- (Yemen)

    Al-Bay?ā?, town, south-central Yemen. It is situated on a high plateau and, until the unification of the two Yemen states in 1990, was part of North Yemen (Sanaa), though it lay near the disputed frontier with South Yemen (Aden). The town, formerly known as Bay?ān Umm Rusās, was the historic

  • Beidou Navigation System (satellite system)

    GPS: …GPS service known as the BeiDou Navigation System. In 2007 China began launching a series of second-generation satellites, known as BeiDou-2, or Compass. The constellation of 35 satellites is scheduled for completion in 2020.

  • Beier, Horst Ulrich (German-born scholar)

    Ulli Beier, (Horst Ulrich Beier), German-born scholar (born July 30, 1922, Glowitz, Ger.—died April 3, 2011, Sydney, Australia), brought a profound new understanding and appreciation of African art and literature as the founder (1957) and coeditor (1957–68) of the Nigerian literary periodical Black

  • Beier, Ulli (German-born scholar)

    Ulli Beier, (Horst Ulrich Beier), German-born scholar (born July 30, 1922, Glowitz, Ger.—died April 3, 2011, Sydney, Australia), brought a profound new understanding and appreciation of African art and literature as the founder (1957) and coeditor (1957–68) of the Nigerian literary periodical Black

  • beignet (food)

    Beignet, French-style fried, square doughnuts. Introduced in Louisiana by the French-Acadians in the 18th century, these light pastries are a delicacy in New Orleans. They were named the official state doughnut of Louisiana in 1986. Beignets are commonly served hot with powdered sugar for breakfast

  • Beihai (China)

    Beihai, city and port, southern Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi, China. For a time the city was in Guangdong province, but in 1965 it became part of Guangxi. It is located on the western shore of a small peninsula on the eastern side of Qinzhou Bay on the Gulf of Tonkin, immediately south of

  • Beihan, Sultanate of (historical state, Arabia)

    Al-Bay?ā?: …the historic capital of the sultanate of Bay?ān (Beihan), which ruled over a wide area from the lifetime of Mu?ammad (7th century ad) to the 16th century. In modern times, before delimitation of the frontier between North Yemen and South Yemen, the town and environs were considered to be part…

  • Beijerinck, Martinus W. (Dutch microbiologist and botanist)

    Martinus W. Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist who founded the discipline of virology with his discovery of viruses. Beijerinck was the first to recognize that viruses are reproducing entities that are different from other organisms. He also discovered new types of bacteria from soil and

  • Beijerinck, Martinus Willem (Dutch microbiologist and botanist)

    Martinus W. Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist who founded the discipline of virology with his discovery of viruses. Beijerinck was the first to recognize that viruses are reproducing entities that are different from other organisms. He also discovered new types of bacteria from soil and

  • Beijing (national capital, China)

    Beijing, city, province-level shi (municipality), and capital of the People’s Republic of China. Few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China. The city has been an integral part of China’s history over the past

  • Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

    Olympic Games: Beijing, China, 2008: In 2008 the Olympic Games were held in China for the first time. In the months prior to the Games’ start, a devastating earthquake in Sichuan province, international focus on China’s pollution problems, and protests over China’s human rights record and Tibet…

  • Beijing Capital International Airport (airport, Beijing, China)

    China: Aviation: …and is now known as Capital International Airport. Major airport construction projects since 1990 include new facilities at Macau (1995), Hong Kong (1998), Shanghai (2000), and Guangzhou (2004). Daxing International Airport, located south of Beijing’s city centre, opened in 2019 and was intended to share traffic with Capital International, which…

  • Beijing Convention (1860, China)

    Opium Wars: The second Opium War: …month the Chinese signed the Beijing Convention, in which they agreed to observe the treaties of Tianjin and also ceded to the British the southern portion of the Kowloon Peninsula adjacent to Hong Kong.

  • Beijing Daxing International Airport (airport, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Transportation: A new international airport, Daxing, opened south of the city centre in 2019.

  • Beijing Daxue (university, Beijing, China)

    Peking University, university in Beijing, one of the oldest and most important institutions of higher learning in China. Its total enrollment is about 35,000. The school originated as the Capital College, which was founded in 1898 by the Guangxu emperor as part of his short-lived program to

  • Beijing General Post Office (post office, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Municipal services: The headquarters of the Beijing General Post Office is located on the east side of Tiananmen Square. It provides more comprehensive services than do post offices in Western cities, handling mail, telegrams, long-distance telephone calls, and the distribution of newspapers and magazines. There are more than 350 branch offices…

  • Beijing Library (library, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Museums and libraries: …holds the collections of the National Library of China, is located in the southern Haidian district, just west of the zoo. The library inherited books and archives from the renowned Imperial Wenyuange library collection of the Qing dynasty that has existed for more than 500 years and that, in turn,…

  • Beijing Man (work by Cao Yu)

    Chinese performing arts: The 20th and 21st centuries: …important plays, including Beijingren (1940; Beijing Man); heavily influenced by Eugene O’Neill and Henrik Ibsen, he portrayed dissolute members of the old gentry class and new rising entrepreneur class.

  • Beijing Municipal People’s Congress (government organization, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Government: The Beijing Municipal People’s Congress follows the guidance of the local CCP in issuing administrative orders, collecting taxes, determining the budget, and implementing economic plans. Under the direction of the local CCP, a standing committee of the Municipal People’s Congress recommends policy decisions and oversees the…

  • Beijing opera (Chinese theatre)

    Jingxi, (Chinese: “opera of the capital”) popular Chinese theatrical form that developed in the mid-19th century. It incorporated elements of huidiao from Anhui, dandiao from Hubei, and kunqu, the traditional opera that had predominated since the 16th century. Sung in Mandarin, the dialect of

  • Beijing Spring (Chinese history)

    education: Communism and the intellectuals: A movement called “Beijing (Peking) Spring” was launched in November 1978. Huge wall posters condemning the communist regime appeared on Beijing’s so-called Democracy Wall. The movement’s leaders expanded the modernization program by adding a fifth modernization, which clearly emphasized democracy, freedom, and human rights. The “Beijing Spring” movement…

  • Beijing University (university, Beijing, China)

    Peking University, university in Beijing, one of the oldest and most important institutions of higher learning in China. Its total enrollment is about 35,000. The school originated as the Capital College, which was founded in 1898 by the Guangxu emperor as part of his short-lived program to

  • Beijing Zoo (zoo, Beijing, China)

    Peking Zoological Garden, zoological garden on the western outskirts of Peking, founded in 1906 by the empress dowager Tz’u-hsi. The zoo is managed by the Peking Office of Parks and Forestry, financed with government funds, and noted for its collection of rare Asian species. The Peking Zoo served c

  • Beijing’s South China Sea Buildup

    Asia’s biggest territorial dispute—determining sovereignty over the South China Sea—reached a historic turning point in 2016 when an international tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague ruled on a Philippine filing, clarifying that historical records do not form a legal

  • Beijing, Treaty of (China-Russia [1860])

    China: The antiforeign movement and the second Opium War (Arrow War): …his mediatory effort, the Sino-Russian Treaty of Beijing, which confirmed the Treaty of Aigun and ceded to Russia the territory between the Ussuri and the sea.

  • Beijingren (work by Cao Yu)

    Chinese performing arts: The 20th and 21st centuries: …important plays, including Beijingren (1940; Beijing Man); heavily influenced by Eugene O’Neill and Henrik Ibsen, he portrayed dissolute members of the old gentry class and new rising entrepreneur class.

  • Beikman, Charles (American criminal)

    Jonestown: Another man, Charles Beikman, pleaded guilty to the attempted murder of a young girl and served a five-year prison term in Guyana.

  • Beilan v. Board of Public Education (law case)

    Beilan v. Board of Public Education, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on June 30, 1958, ruled (5–4) that a teacher’s dismissal for incompetence as a result of a failure to respond to a superintendent’s questions concerning his fitness as an educator—the inquiry regarded his loyalty and

  • Beilby family (British artists)

    glassware: England: …glass by members of the Beilby family of Newcastle upon Tyne during the 1760s and 1770s. Their rendering in usually blue-toned white enamel of ruins, trophies of arms, and rural pastimes, often framed in scrollwork of the utmost delicacy, is one of the best things in English Rococo glass. Gilding…

  • Beilby, Sir George Thomas (British chemist)

    Sir George Thomas Beilby, British industrial chemist who developed the process of manufacturing potassium cyanide by passing ammonia over a heated mixture of charcoal and potassium carbonate. This process helped meet the increased demand for cyanide for use in extracting gold from low-grade ores.

  • Beilis, Mendel (Russian factory manager)

    blood libel: …times was the case of Mendel Beilis, a Jewish factory manager in Kiev (now in Ukraine), who was accused of ritual murder by the tsarist government in 1911. Imprisoned for more than two years, he was eventually acquitted by an all-Christian jury. In the 1930s the blood libel became part…

  • Beilschmiedia (plant genus)

    Laurales: Distribution and abundance: …has about 200 species; and Beilschmiedia contains about 250 species throughout many tropical regions as well as Australia and New Zealand. Persea and Cryptocarya are found in many tropical regions, and Cinnamomum is widely distributed in all the major tropical and subtropical regions.

  • Beilstein, Friedrich Konrad (Russian chemist)

    Friedrich Konrad Beilstein, chemist who compiled the Handbuch der organischen Chemie, 2 vol. (1880–83; “Handbook of Organic Chemistry”), an indispensable tool for the organic chemist. In 1866 Beilstein was appointed professor of chemistry at the Imperial Technological Institute, St. Petersburg. The

  • Beilun (port, China)

    Zhejiang: Transportation: …of the new seaport of Beilun, east of Ningbo, in the 1980s increased the importance of the province’s coastal shipping, and by the early 21st century Beilun had become one of the largest seaports in China in terms of freight-handling capacities.

  • Beim H?uten der Zwiebel (memoir by Grass)

    Günter Grass: …Beim H?uten der Zwiebel (2006; Peeling the Onion), caused widespread controversy, with some arguing that it undercut his moral authority. He had previously claimed that he had been drafted into an air defense unit in 1944.

  • Bein Hametzarim (Judaism)

    Three Weeks, (“Between the Straits”), in Judaism, a period of mourning running from the 17th day of Tammuz, the fourth month of the Jewish religious year, to the 9th day of Av (Tisha be-Av), the fifth month (variously, about June to August). The observance commemorates the days between the first b

  • Being (philosophy)

    Aristotle: Being: For Aristotle, “being” is whatever is anything whatever. Whenever Aristotle explains the meaning of being, he does so by explaining the sense of the Greek verb to be. Being contains whatever items can be the subjects of true propositions containing the word is, whether…

  • Being Alive (poetry by Purdy)

    Canadian literature: Poetry and poetics: …and to the Arctic (Being Alive, 1978) and to the Soviet Union (Piling Blood, 1984; The Collected Poems of Al Purdy, 1986). The landscape of southwestern Saskatchewan figures centrally in the poetry of Lorna Crozier (Angels of Flesh, Angels of Silence, 1988; What the Living Won’t Let Go, 1999).…

  • Being and Having (work by Marcel)

    Gabriel Marcel: Basic philosophical orientation: Marcel observed (in Being and Having) that “Cartesianism implies a severance…between intellect and life; its result is a depreciation of the one, and an exaltation of the other, both arbitrary.” Descartes is famous for having purposefully doubted all of his ideas and for splitting the interior self off…

  • Being and Nothingness (work by Sartre)

    Jean-Paul Sartre: Early life and writings: …L’être et le néant (1943; Being and Nothingness) that Sartre revealed himself as a master of outstanding talent. Sartre places human consciousness, or no-thingness (néant), in opposition to being, or thingness (être). Consciousness is not-matter and by the same token escapes all determinism. The message, with all the implications it…

  • Being and Some Philosophers (work by Gilson)

    étienne Gilson: …of Philosophical Experience (1937) and Being and Some Philosophers (1949), perhaps the best examples of his use of the history of philosophy as though it were a laboratory for investigating ideas; and Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages (1938).

  • Being and Time (work by Heidegger)

    Martin Heidegger: Being and Time: The publication of Heidegger’s masterpiece, Sein und Zeit (Being and Time), in 1927 generated a level of excitement that few other works of philosophy have matched. Despite its nearly impenetrable obscurity, the work earned Heidegger promotion to full professorship at Marburg and…

  • Being Charlie (film by Reiner [2015])

    Rob Reiner: Later films: The partially autobiographical Being Charlie (2015), cowritten by Reiner’s son Nick, probes the painful relationship between a young man struggling with substance abuse and his politician father. The film, which featured Elwes as the father, was commended for its honest portrayal of addiction. Reiner later turned to political…

  • Being Flynn (film by Weitz [2012])

    Robert De Niro: Comedies and later work: …estranged son in the drama Being Flynn and played another paternal role in the seriocomic Silver Linings Playbook. The latter film earned him his first Oscar nomination in more than two decades. In The Family (2013) De Niro starred as a mobster turned informant whose family moves to France in…

  • Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! (song by Lennon and McCartney)

    Sir George Martin: …jarring carnivalesque soundscape for “Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite.” Following the breakup of the Beatles, Martin worked with McCartney and Starr on solo albums and oversaw new anthologies of the Beatles’ tunes. He also produced albums by such performers as Gerry and the Pacemakers, Cilla Black, Elton…

  • Being Geniuses Together, 1920–1930 (1968 Boyle edition of a work by McAlmon)

    Kay Boyle: Boyle and Robert McAlmon coauthored Being Geniuses Together, 1920–1930 (1968, reissued 1997), a book McAlmon began in 1934 that was revised after his death by Boyle, who wrote alternate chapters and added an afterword. The book provides a detailed, firsthand portrait of the expatriate writers in Paris during the 1920s.…

  • Being Geniuses Together: An Autobiography (work by McAlmon)

    Robert McAlmon: …Not Alone Lost (1937), and Being Geniuses Together: An Autobiography (1938), a Paris memoir to which his friend Kay Boyle added further chapters in a 1968 edition; it is considered one of McAlmon’s greatest contributions to literature. McAlmon and the Lost Generation: A Self-Portrait (1962) is a collection of his…

  • Being John Malkovich (film by Jonze [1999])

    Spike Jonze: …helmed his first feature film, Being John Malkovich (1999). The surreal comedy, which was written by Charlie Kaufman, chronicles the series of bizarre events that occur after a puppeteer (played by John Cusack) discovers a portal into the mind of actor John Malkovich. The film was critically acclaimed and earned…

  • Being There (work by Kosinski)

    Jerzy Kosinski: …the National Book Award, and Being There (1971; film 1979), a satiric fable about Chance, a simple-minded gardener whose innocence, shallow platitudes, and total dependence on television for his vision of the world are interpreted as evidence of profound genius by socialites, business leaders, and politicians. Kosinski had less success…

  • Being There (film by Ashby [1979])

    Hal Ashby: The 1970s: …did nearly as well with Being There (1979), a sometimes brilliant adaptation by Jerzy Kosinski of his novel, with an inspired performance by Peter Sellers as the idiot gardener who becomes a savant to all who behold him.

  • Being There (album by Wilco)

    Wilco: …approach on the 1996 album Being There. Adding keyboards and noisy textural elements to its roots rock foundation, the quintet morphed into one of the decade’s most adventurous bands, a reputation cemented by boisterous live shows. In 1998 Tweedy and Wilco collaborated with British singer-songwriter Billy Bragg on the Mermaid…

  • Being, Chain of (philosophy)

    Great Chain of Being, conception of the nature of the universe that had a pervasive influence on Western thought, particularly through the ancient Greek Neoplatonists and derivative philosophies during the European Renaissance and the 17th and early 18th centuries. The term denotes three general

  • Being, Great Chain of (philosophy)

    Great Chain of Being, conception of the nature of the universe that had a pervasive influence on Western thought, particularly through the ancient Greek Neoplatonists and derivative philosophies during the European Renaissance and the 17th and early 18th centuries. The term denotes three general

  • being, ground of (theology)

    Christianity: The belief in the oneness of the Father and the Son: …the impersonal concept of “the Ground of Being,” or “Being Itself,” pointed toward an understanding of the pre-personal depths of the transcendence of Godhood.

  • Beinn na Faoghla (island, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Benbecula, island of the Outer Hebrides, Western Isles council area, historic county of Inverness-shire, Scotland. Benbecula, whose name means “Mountain of the Fords” in Scots Gaelic, lies between the islands of North Uist and South Uist and is connected over the fords by a causeway (1960) to the

  • Beinum, Eduard Alexander van (Dutch musician)

    Eduard van Beinum, Dutch conductor, pianist, and violist who led orchestras in Europe and the United States. At 17 van Beinum entered the Amsterdam Conservatory after a year of playing in the string section of the Arnhem Philharmonic Orchestra. A series of minor appointments led to conductorships

  • Beinum, Eduard van (Dutch musician)

    Eduard van Beinum, Dutch conductor, pianist, and violist who led orchestras in Europe and the United States. At 17 van Beinum entered the Amsterdam Conservatory after a year of playing in the string section of the Arnhem Philharmonic Orchestra. A series of minor appointments led to conductorships

  • Beipiao (China)

    Beipiao, mining town, western Liaoning sheng (province), northeastern China. It is located northwest of Daling Stream and east of the Nuluerhu Mountains and is the site of a coal combine. The vertical shafts, which extend nearly 3,280 feet (1,000 metres) into the ground, are among the deepest mines

  • Beiping (national capital, China)

    Beijing, city, province-level shi (municipality), and capital of the People’s Republic of China. Few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China. The city has been an integral part of China’s history over the past

  • Beiqing chengshi (film by Hou Hsiao-hsien [1989])

    Hou Hsiao-hsien: …Wind) and Beiqing chengshi (1989; A City of Sadness). The latter film detailed the February 28, 1947, massacre by mainland Chinese of local Taiwanese demonstrating in the city of Taipei. The subject remained taboo in China for decades after the massacre, and A City of Sadness was the first film…

  • beiqu (Chinese theatre)

    Zaju, (Chinese: “mixed drama or play”) one of the major forms of Chinese drama. The style originated as a short variety play in North China during the Northern Song dynasty (960–1127), and during the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368) it developed into a mature four-act dramatic form, in which songs

  • Beira (Mozambique)

    Beira, port city, central Mozambique. Beira is situated on the Mozambique Channel (Indian Ocean) at the mouths of the Púngoè and Búzi rivers. Beira was founded in 1891 as the headquarters of the Companhia de Mo?ambique (“Mozambique Company”) on the site of an old Muslim settlement. The city’s

  • Beira (language)

    Portuguese language: …mutually intelligible: (1) Central, or Beira, (2) Southern (Estremenho), including Lisbon, Alentejo, and Algarve, (3) Insular, including the dialects of Madeira and the Azores, and (4) Brazilian. Standard Portuguese was developed in the 16th century, basically from the dialects

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