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  • Gobbán Saer (Celtic mythology)

    Goibhniu, (Celtic: “Divine Smith”, ) ancient Celtic smith god. Goibhniu figured in Irish tradition as one of a trio of divine craftsmen; the other two were Luchta the wright and Creidhne the metalworker. Goibhniu was also the provider of the sacred otherworld feast, the Fled Goibhnenn; he allegedly

  • Gobbán the Joiner (Celtic mythology)

    Goibhniu, (Celtic: “Divine Smith”, ) ancient Celtic smith god. Goibhniu figured in Irish tradition as one of a trio of divine craftsmen; the other two were Luchta the wright and Creidhne the metalworker. Goibhniu was also the provider of the sacred otherworld feast, the Fled Goibhnenn; he allegedly

  • Gobedjishvili, David (Soviet athlete)

    Bruce Baumgartner: …defeated the top Soviet wrestler, David Gobedjishvili, becoming the first American to win the world amateur heavyweight title. In 1988 he lost to Gobedjishvili in the gold medal match at the Olympics in Seoul, settling for the silver. This defeat was followed by a series of disappointments in international competition.…

  • G?bekli Tepe (archaeological site, Turkey)

    G?bekli Tepe, Neolithic site near ?anl?urfa in southeastern Turkey. The site, believed to have been a sanctuary of ritual significance, is marked by layers of carved megaliths and is estimated to date to the 9th–10th millennium bce. At G?bekli Tepe (Turkish: “belly hill”), near the Syrian border, a

  • Gobel, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph (archbishop of Paris)

    Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel, archbishop of Paris whose resignation doomed him to association with the Hébertists, followers of the extremist journalist Jacques-René Hébert, who, during the French Revolution, pursued an anti-Christian policy in a program of “worship of Reason.” Educated at the German

  • Gobelin family (French dyers and clothmakers)

    Gobelin Family, French family of dyers and clothmakers whose factory became world-famous for its tapestries. Jehan Gobelin who ran a factory in the Faubourg Saint-Marcel just southeast of Paris, discovered a scarlet dyestuff and spared no expense to exploit his creation. His descendants seem to h

  • Gobelins (factory, France)

    Gobelin Family: …royal councils, as did Balthasar Gobelin (d. 1617), seigneur de Brie-Comte-Robert from 1601. The factory, lent to King Henry IV in 1601 and only then devoted to making tapestries, was purchased for King Louis XIV in 1662 and devoted to general upholstery until its closing in 1694. Reopened for tapestry…

  • Gober, Robert (American artist)

    Robert Gober, American sculptor and installation artist known for his eerie and evocative reconsiderations of everyday objects. His common motifs include the human body and domestic objects, with which he examined, often with humour, such notions as religion, sexuality, childhood, and change. Gober

  • Gobert, Rudy (French basketball player)

    Utah Jazz: …forward Gordon Hayward and centre Rudy Gobert, the Jazz won a division title in 2016–17 but were swept in the second round of the play-offs by the Golden State Warriors. Hayward left in free agency during the following off-season, but the Jazz received unexpectedly strong play from rookie guard Donovan…

  • Gobi (desert, Asia)

    Gobi, great desert and semidesert region of Central Asia. The Gobi (from Mongolian gobi, meaning “waterless place”) stretches across huge portions of both Mongolia and China. Contrary to the perhaps romantic image long associated with what—at least to the European mind—was a remote and unexplored

  • Gobi Altai Mountains (mountains, Mongolia)

    Mongolia: The mountains: …the Mongolian Altai are the Gobi Altai Mountains (Govi Altain Nuruu), a lesser range of denuded hills that lose themselves in the expanses of the Gobi.

  • Gobi Desert (desert, Asia)

    Gobi, great desert and semidesert region of Central Asia. The Gobi (from Mongolian gobi, meaning “waterless place”) stretches across huge portions of both Mongolia and China. Contrary to the perhaps romantic image long associated with what—at least to the European mind—was a remote and unexplored

  • Gobiesocidae (fish family)

    Clingfish, any of more than 150 species of small fishes of the family Gobiesocidae (order Perciformes). Clingfishes are characterized by a strong suction disk located on the undersurface and formed by the pelvic fins and adjacent folds of flesh. They are scaleless fishes and have wide, flattened

  • Gobiidae (fish)

    Goby, any of the more than 2,200 species of fishes of the suborder Gobioidei (order Perciformes). Gobies are carnivorous, usually small in size, and found throughout the world. Especially abundant in the tropics, they are primarily marine in habit. Most species are bottom-dwellers and have a weak

  • Gobind Rai (Sikh Guru)

    Gobind Singh, 10th and last Sikh Gurū, known chiefly for his creation of the Khālsā, the military brotherhood of the Sikhs. Gobind Singh inherited his grandfather Gurū Hargobind’s love of the military life and was also a man of great intellectual attainments. He was also the son of the ninth Guru,

  • Gobind Singh (Sikh Guru)

    Gobind Singh, 10th and last Sikh Gurū, known chiefly for his creation of the Khālsā, the military brotherhood of the Sikhs. Gobind Singh inherited his grandfather Gurū Hargobind’s love of the military life and was also a man of great intellectual attainments. He was also the son of the ninth Guru,

  • Gobineau, Arthur, de (French diplomat, writer, and ethnologist)

    Arthur de Gobineau, French diplomat, writer, ethnologist, and social thinker whose theory of racial determinism had an enormous influence upon the subsequent development of racist theories and practices in western Europe. Gobineau was a member of an aristocratic royalist family. He went to Paris in

  • Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur, comte de (French diplomat, writer, and ethnologist)

    Arthur de Gobineau, French diplomat, writer, ethnologist, and social thinker whose theory of racial determinism had an enormous influence upon the subsequent development of racist theories and practices in western Europe. Gobineau was a member of an aristocratic royalist family. He went to Paris in

  • Gobio gobio (fish)

    Gudgeon, (species Gobio gobio), common small fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, found in clear, fresh waters of Europe and northern Asia. A grayish or greenish fish, the gudgeon has a barbel at each corner of its mouth and a row of blackish spots along each side. Rarely exceeding a length of 20

  • Gobioidei (fish suborder)

    perciform: Annotated classification: Suborder Gobioidei Almost all with pelvic fins located beneath pectorals and joined together to form a vacuum cup or suction disk; some with pelvic fins close together but not in form of a suction cup; a few lack pelvics; all lack 1 particular bone of cranial…

  • Gobir (historical kingdom, Africa)

    western Africa: The jihad of Usman dan Fodio: …the leading Fulani cleric in Gobir, the northernmost and most militant of the Hausa kingdoms. This was in a disturbed state in the 17th and 18th centuries. The growth of Tuareg power in A?r on its northern frontiers had led the Gobir ruling class to seek compensation to the south…

  • Goble, Katherine (American mathematician)

    Katherine Johnson, American mathematician who calculated and analyzed the flight paths of many spacecraft during her more than three decades with the U.S. space program. Her work helped send astronauts to the Moon. Coleman’s intelligence and skill with numbers became apparent when she was a child,

  • Goblet (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Surface-to-air: (The SA-N-3 Goblet was a similar naval system.) Gainful, the first truly mobile land-based SAM system, was first used in combat during the 1973 Arab-Israeli War and was highly effective at first against Israeli fighters. The Mach-3 missile proved virtually impossible to outmaneuver, forcing the fighters…

  • goblet cell (anatomy)

    human digestive system: Absorption: …of tall columnar cells called goblet cells because of their rough resemblance to empty goblets after they have discharged their contents. Goblet cells are found scattered among the surface epithelial cells covering the villi and are a source of mucin, the chief constituent of mucus.

  • goblin (folklore)

    Goblin, in Western folklore, a wandering sprite that is usually mischievous but often malicious. Goblins supposedly live in grottoes but attach themselves to households, where they are believed to bang upon pots and pans, snatch nightclothes off the bodies of sleeping people, move furniture at

  • Goblin Market and Other Poems (poetry by Rossetti)

    Goblin Market, poem by Christina Rossetti, published in 1862 in the collection Goblin Market and Other Poems. Comprising 567 irregularly rhyming lines, the poem recounts the plight of Laura, who succumbs to the enticement of the goblins and eats the fruit they sell. Her sister, Lizzie, resists the

  • goblin shark (fish)

    Goblin shark, rare species of shark belonging to the family Mitsukurinidae (order Lamniformes). Only one extant species (Mitsukurina owstoni) is known, on the basis of a few specimens, although fossils of extinct species have been found. The goblin shark is closely related to the sand shark.

  • Gobseck (work by Balzac)

    idée fixe: …term in his short novel Gobseck (1830) to describe the avarice that ruled the life of the protagonist. Indeed, it is the idée fixe of a central character that is the vital, driving force behind many of Balzac’s narratives. The story line of Eugénie Grandet (1833), for instance, is propelled…

  • goby (fish)

    Goby, any of the more than 2,200 species of fishes of the suborder Gobioidei (order Perciformes). Gobies are carnivorous, usually small in size, and found throughout the world. Especially abundant in the tropics, they are primarily marine in habit. Most species are bottom-dwellers and have a weak

  • GOC (Indonesian history)

    Renville Agreement: …to the formation of the Good Offices Committee (GOC), consisting of three members: Australia (chosen by the republic), Belgium (chosen by the Dutch), and the United States (chosen by both). The GOC assured that the internal powers of the republic would not be reduced in the interim period pending the…

  • Gochihr (king of Persia)

    Ardashīr I: …chief petty king in Persis, Gochihr. After Bābak got Ardashīr the military post of argabad in the town of Dārābgerd (near modern Darab, Iran), Ardashīr extended his control over several neighbouring cities. Meanwhile, Bābak had slain Gochihr and taken the title of king. Although Bābak’s request that the Parthian king…

  • G?csej (region, Hungary)

    Zalaegerszeg: ) The open-air G?csej Village Museum on the banks of the Zala River is a popular tourist attraction with more than 30 buildings, including timber houses, stables, and a water mill.

  • Gocza?kowice, Lake (lake, Poland)

    Vistula River: Physiography: …turning eastward, the Vistula enters Lake Gocza?kowice, an artificial storage basin built in 1955. Upon exiting the lake, the Vistula assumes the character of a lowland stream, with its gradient decreasing to 0.03–0.02 percent in the middle reaches and to 0.02–0.002 percent in its final stages. At a distance of…

  • God (Judeo-Christian-Islamic deity)

    René Descartes: Meditations: …proofs for the existence of God. The final proof, presented in the Fifth Meditation, begins with the proposition that Descartes has an innate idea of God as a perfect being. It concludes that God necessarily exists, because, if he did not, he would not be perfect. This ontological argument for…

  • god (deity)

    god and goddess: …generic terms for the many deities of ancient and modern polytheistic religions. Such deities may correspond to earthly and celestial phenomena or to human values, pastimes, and institutions, including love, marriage, hunting, war, and the arts. While some are capable of being killed, many are immortal. Although they are always…

  • God (Anderson, Indiana), Church of (American Protestant denomination)

    Church of God (Anderson, Indiana), Christian fellowship that considers itself a “reformation movement” among Christians and not a church or sect; it accepts its title for identification purposes only. Its members believe that they have organized themselves to carry on the work of the church, but

  • god and goddess (deities)

    God and goddess, generic terms for the many deities of ancient and modern polytheistic religions. Such deities may correspond to earthly and celestial phenomena or to human values, pastimes, and institutions, including love, marriage, hunting, war, and the arts. While some are capable of being

  • God and Philosophy (work by Flew)

    Antony Flew: Books by Flew such as God and Philosophy (1966; reissued 2005) and Atheistic Humanism (1993) provided articulate expositions of atheistic principles that won a wide popular as well as academic following. Flew’s writings influenced later atheists, such as Richard Dawkins and Sam Harris, who wrote for popular as well as…

  • God and Saints of Christ, Church of (religious sect)

    Church of God and Saints of Christ, religious sect founded in 1896 by Prophet William S. Crowdy. He passed his mantle of leadership to Bishop William Plummer, who announced himself as “Grand Father Abraham.” This group believes that all Jews were originally black and that modern-day blacks are

  • God and the Bible (work by Arnold)

    Matthew Arnold: Religious writings: … (1870), Literature and Dogma (1873), God and the Bible (1875), and Last Essays on Church and Religion (1877). In these books, Arnold really founded Anglican “modernism.” Like all religious liberals, he came under fire from two sides: from the orthodox, who accused him of infidelity, of turning God into a…

  • God Bless America (song by Berlin)

    Kate Smith: …however, is Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America,” which she introduced on Armistice Day, 1938, and for which the composer granted her exclusive rights to sing on the air for some time. That same year Smith added a daytime radio talk program, “Kate Smith Speaks,” to her schedule, and by…

  • God Bless the Child (work by Lattany)

    Kristin Hunter Lattany: …her first and best-known novel, God Bless the Child (1964), three generations of women confront choices forced upon them by their skin tones. Despite harshly realistic settings, her subsequent fiction tended toward optimism. The Landlord (1966; film 1970) presents a misanthropic white landlord transformed by his new black tenants. After…

  • God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater (novel by Vonnegut)

    Kurt Vonnegut: God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater (1965) centres on the title character, an eccentric philanthropist, but also introduces the writer Kilgore Trout, a fictional alter ego of Vonnegut who appears throughout his oeuvre.

  • God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater (musical by Menken and Ashman)

    Alan Menken: …him on the 1979 play God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, based on a novel by Kurt Vonnegut. Although they attained mild success with that production, it was not until 1982 that they achieved significant critical and commercial acclaim with the Off-Broadway production of Little Shop of Horrors. The duo subsequently…

  • God Defend New Zealand (national anthem of New Zealand)

    God Defend New Zealand, one of the two national anthems of New Zealand (the other being God Save the Queen, national anthem of the United Kingdom). The words to the anthem were written in the early 1870s by Thomas Bracken, who offered a prize of £10 for the best musical setting of it. The winning

  • God Delusion, The (work by Dawkins)

    Richard Dawkins: …the response to the polemical The God Delusion (2006). The book relentlessly points out the logical fallacies in religious belief and ultimately concludes that the laws of probability preclude the existence of an omnipotent creator. Dawkins used the book as a platform to launch the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason…

  • God Glorified in the Work of Redemption, by the Greatness of Man’s Dependence upon Him, in the Whole of It (work by Edwards)

    Jonathan Edwards: Pastorate at Northampton: …Boston clergy and significantly entitled God Glorified in the Work of Redemption, by the Greatness of Man’s Dependence upon Him, in the Whole of It, Edwards blamed New England’s moral ills on its assumption of religious and moral self-sufficiency. Because God is the saints’ whole good, faith, which abases man…

  • God Help the Child (novel by Morrison)

    Toni Morrison: In God Help the Child (2015), Morrison chronicled the ramifications of child abuse and neglect through the tale of Bride, a black girl with dark skin who is born to light-skinned parents.

  • God in Christ (work by Bushnell)

    Horace Bushnell: In God in Christ (1849), published in the year of his mystical experience that illumined the gospel for him, Bushnell challenged the traditional, substitutionary view of the atonement (i.e., that the death of Christ was the substitute for man’s punishment for sin) and considered problems of…

  • God in Christ, Church of (American Protestant denomination)

    Church of God in Christ, predominantly African American Pentecostal church that originated in the United States as an outgrowth of the Holiness movement. The date and place of the group’s establishment is disputed between two member bodies, but the founding role of a dynamic preacher named Charles

  • God in Ruins, A (novel by Atkinson)

    Kate Atkinson: A God in Ruins (2015) traces the life of RAF pilot Teddy Todd, Ursula’s brother, though it dispenses with the latter’s rebirths, instead taking a more starkly realistic approach to the narrative. In Transcription (2018) a woman must confront her past as a worker at…

  • God in Ruins, A (work by Uris)

    Leon Uris: …Suez war of 1956; and A God in Ruins (1999), a novel about a U.S. presidential candidate who discovers he is actually Jewish. Uris was noted for extensively researching his novels, and for Exodus he interviewed more than 1,500 people. The book was an international best-seller, and Uris, who adapted…

  • God Is My King (choral work by Bach)

    Johann Sebastian Bach: The Mühlhausen period: …Gott ist mein K?nig (God Is My King), of February 4, 1708, was printed at the expense of the city council and was the first of Bach’s compositions to be published. While at Mühlhausen, Bach copied music to enlarge the choir library, tried to encourage music in the surrounding…

  • God K (Mayan deity)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: Classic Maya religion: …as Bolon Tzacab (first called God K by archaeologists), a deity with a baroquely branching nose who is thought to have functioned as a god of royal descent; he is often held as a kind of sceptre in rulers’ hands.

  • God of Carnage (play by Reza)

    Yasmina Reza: …Le Dieu du carnage (2006; God of Carnage), Reza focused on two couples who meet to discuss a fight between their young sons. The play made its London debut in 2008 and subsequently won a Laurence Olivier Award. The Broadway production of God of Carnage, which opened a year later,…

  • God of Small Things, The (novel by Roy)

    Arundhati Roy: Novels and nonfiction works: …Roy published her debut novel, The God of Small Things to wide acclaim. The semiautobiographical work departed from the conventional plots and light prose that had been typical among best-sellers. Composed in a lyrical language about South Asian themes and characters in a narrative that wandered through time, Roy’s novel…

  • God of Vengeance, The (work by Asch)

    Sholem Asch: …play Got fun nekome (1907; The God of Vengeance), about a Jewish brothel owner whose daughter has a lesbian relationship with one of her father’s prostitutes. The play was produced in Berlin by Max Reinhardt in 1910 but banned elsewhere. Asch visited the United States in 1910, returned there in…

  • God of War (electronic game)

    God of War, electronic action-adventure game, released by the Sony Corporation in 2005. Viewed by many as one of the all-time great titles for Sony’s PlayStation 2 video-game console, God of War attracted players and impressed critics with stunning visuals, a strong story, and exciting game play.

  • God of Wealth, The (play by Aristophanes)

    Aristophanes: Wealth: The last of Aristophanes’ plays to be performed in his lifetime, Wealth (388 bce; Greek Ploutos; also called “the second Wealth” to distinguish it from an earlier play, now lost, of the same title) is a somewhat moralizing work. It may have inaugurated the…

  • God particle (physics)

    Higgs boson, particle that is the carrier particle, or boson, of the Higgs field, a field that permeates space and endows all elementary subatomic particles with mass through its interactions with them. The field and the particle—named after Peter Higgs of the University of Edinburgh, one of the

  • God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?, The (work by Lederman)

    Higgs boson: of Nobel physicist Leon Lederman’s The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question? (1993), which contained the author’s assertion that the discovery of the particle is crucial to a final understanding of the structure of matter.

  • God Save the King (British national anthem)

    God Save the Queen, British royal and national anthem. The origin of both the words and the music is obscure. The many candidates for authorship include John Bull (c. 1562–1628), Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1583–c. 1633), Henry Purcell (c. 1639–95), and Henry Carey (c. 1687–1743). The earliest copy of

  • God Save the Queen (song by Sex Pistols)

    the Sex Pistols: …released their second single, “God Save the Queen,” in June 1977 to coincide with Queen Elizabeth II’s Silver Jubilee (the 25th anniversary of her accession to the throne). Although banned by the British media, the single rose rapidly to number two on the charts. As “public enemies number one,”…

  • God Save the Queen (British national anthem)

    God Save the Queen, British royal and national anthem. The origin of both the words and the music is obscure. The many candidates for authorship include John Bull (c. 1562–1628), Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1583–c. 1633), Henry Purcell (c. 1639–95), and Henry Carey (c. 1687–1743). The earliest copy of

  • God Sends Sunday (work by Bontemps)

    Arna Bontemps: His first novel, God Sends Sunday (1931), about a jockey who was good with horses but inadequate with people, is considered the final work of the Harlem Renaissance. The novel was dramatized as St. Louis Woman (1946), in collaboration with the poet Countee Cullen. Bontemps’s next two novels…

  • God the Father (Christianity)

    Christianity: God the Father: On the basis of their religious experiences, the mystics of Christianity of all eras have concurred in the belief that one can make no assertions about God, because God is beyond all concepts and images. Inasmuch as human beings are gifted with…

  • God the Father with SS. Catherine of Siena and Mary Magdalene (work by Bartolommeo)

    Fra Bartolommeo: Among such works are his God the Father with SS. Catherine of Siena and Mary Magdalene (1509) and the Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine (1512).

  • God the Holy Spirit (Christianity)

    Holy Spirit, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity. Numerous outpourings of the Holy Spirit are mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, in which healing, prophecy, the expelling of demons (exorcism), and speaking in tongues (glossolalia) are particularly associated with the activity

  • God the Son (Christianity)

    Christianity: God the Son: Dogmatic teachings about the figure of Jesus Christ go back to the faith experiences of the early church, whose faithful recognized the incarnate and resurrected Son of God in the person of Jesus. The disciples’ testimony served as confirmation for them that…

  • God Worshipers’ Society (Chinese religious organization)

    Feng Yunshan: …Feng remained to organize the Baishangdi Hui, or God Worshippers’ Society, which combined Hong’s religious ideas with a program of social reform. In 1847 Hong rejoined Feng and was accepted as the leader of the society.

  • God’s Bits of Wood (work by Sembène)

    African literature: French: …de bois de Dieu (1960; God’s Bits of Wood), his greatest novel, describes the last gasp of colonialism through the story of a railroad strike. In it Bakayoko is the spokesman for a future that will combine African humanism and European technology. The characters Fa Ke?ta, Penda, and Ramatoulaye are…

  • God’s Determination Touching His Elect (poem by Taylor)

    Edward Taylor: “God’s Determinations Touching His Elect” is an extended verse sequence thematically setting forth the grace and majesty of God as a drama of sin and redemption. The “Sacramental Meditations,” about 200 in number, were described by Taylor as “Preparatory Meditations Before My Approach to the…

  • God’s Gift, College of (school, Southwark, London, United Kingdom)

    Edward Alleyn: …Elizabethan stage and founder of Dulwich College, London. Rivaled only by Richard Burbage, Alleyn won the outspoken admiration of such authors as Ben Jonson and Thomas Nashe for his interpretations of Christopher Marlowe’s Tamburlaine, Doctor Faustus, and The Jew of Malta and of Robert Greene’s Orlando Furioso.

  • God’s Grandeur (poem by Hopkins)

    God’s Grandeur, sonnet by Gerard Manley Hopkins, written in 1877 and published posthumously in 1918 in the collection Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. This celebratory poem suggests that God has imbued nature with an eternal freshness that is able to withstand the heavy burden of

  • God’s Little Acre (film by Mann [1958])

    Anthony Mann: The 1950s: westerns: of Erskine Caldwell’s best seller God’s Little Acre (1958) was strengthened by the presence of Ryan and Ray, although much of the flavour of the funny but profane novel was leached out to satisfy the censors. There were no such compromises in Man of the West (1958), a brutal but…

  • God’s Little Acre (novel by Caldwell)

    Erskine Caldwell: …on Tobacco Road and on God’s Little Acre (1933), another best-selling novel featuring a cast of hopelessly poor and degenerate whites in the rural South. Among his other more important works are Trouble in July (1940); the episodic narrative Georgia Boy (1943), a well-told story of boyhood; the literary autobiography…

  • God’s Orchid (work by Bergman)

    Hjalmar Fredrik Elgérus Bergman: …with Markurells i Wadk?ping (1919; God’s Orchid, 1924) he at last captured the wider public. The action of this vigorous comic novel takes place, with numerous recapitulations, within a 24-hour period. It tells the story of the grotesque innkeeper Markurell, who, although he has succeeded in getting most of the…

  • God’s Pocket (film by Slattery [2014])

    Philip Seymour Hoffman: …killed in an accident in God’s Pocket (2014) and a jaded German intelligence officer in the John le Carré adaptation A Most Wanted Man (2014).

  • God’s Step-Children (work by Millin)

    Sarah Gertrude Millin: Others followed, but it was God’s Step-Children (1924; new ed. 1951)—dealing with the problems of four generations of a half-black, half-white (“Coloured”) family in South Africa—that established her reputation. With Mary Glenn (1925), a study of a mother’s reaction to her child’s disappearance, Millin became one of the most popular…

  • God’s Trombones (work by Johnson)

    God’s Trombones, volume of poetry by James Weldon Johnson, published in 1927. The work represents what the author called an “art-governed expression” of the traditional black preaching style. The constituent poems are an introductory prayer, “Listen, Lord—A Prayer,” and seven verse sermons entitled

  • God’s Trombones: Seven Negro Sermons in Verse (work by Johnson)

    God’s Trombones, volume of poetry by James Weldon Johnson, published in 1927. The work represents what the author called an “art-governed expression” of the traditional black preaching style. The constituent poems are an introductory prayer, “Listen, Lord—A Prayer,” and seven verse sermons entitled

  • God’s Wife of Amon (Egyptian royal title)

    ancient Egypt: Ahmose: … was given the title of God’s Wife of Amon. Like her predecessors of the 17th dynasty, Queen Ahmose-Nofretari was influential and highly honoured. A measure of her importance was her posthumous veneration at Thebes, where later pharaohs were depicted offering to her as a goddess among the gods.

  • God, Church of (American Pentecostal church)

    Church of God, any of several Pentecostal churches that developed in the U.S. South from the late 19th- and early 20th-century Latter Rain revival, based on a belief that a second rain of the gifts of the Holy Spirit would occur similar to that of the first Christian Pentecost. They adhere to an

  • God, City of (theoretical construct)

    St. Augustine: The City of God: …human society, setting up the City of God over and against the City of Man. Rome was dethroned—and the sack of the city shown to be of no spiritual importance—in favour of the heavenly Jerusalem, the true home and source of citizenship for all Christians. The City of Man was…

  • God, Death of (Christian theology)

    Death of God movement, radical Christian theological school, mainly Protestant, that arose in the United States during the 1960s, evoking prolonged attention, response, and controversy. Though thinkers of many varied viewpoints have been grouped in this school, basic to practically all of them is

  • God, existence of (philosophy)

    Western philosophy: Anselm: …proofs of the existence of God, all of which are based on Neoplatonic thought. The first proof moves from the awareness of a multiplicity of good things to the recognition that they all share or participate more or less in one and the same Good, which is supremely good in…

  • God, Garden of

    Garden of Eden, in the Old Testament Book of Genesis, biblical earthly paradise inhabited by the first created man and woman, Adam and Eve, prior to their expulsion for disobeying the commandments of God. It is also called in Genesis the Garden of Yahweh, the God of Israel, and, in Ezekiel, the

  • God, Kingdom of (Christianity)

    Kingdom of God, in Christianity, the spiritual realm over which God reigns as king, or the fulfillment on Earth of God’s will. The phrase occurs frequently in the New Testament, primarily used by Jesus Christ in the first three Gospels. It is generally considered to be the central theme of Jesus’

  • God, Lamb of (liturgical chant)

    Agnus Dei, designation of Jesus Christ in Christian liturgical usage. It is based on the saying of John the Baptist: “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29). In the Roman Catholic liturgy the Agnus Dei is employed in the following text: “Lamb of God, who takest

  • God, Peace of

    Peace of God, a movement led by the medieval church, and later by civil authorities, to protect ecclesiastical property and women, priests, pilgrims, merchants, and other noncombatants from violence from the 10th to the 12th century. The Peace of God arose in southern France, in particular

  • God, Son of (Christianity)

    Jesus: God’s only Son: …that Jesus Christ is the Son of God is one of the most universal in the New Testament, in which most of the books refer to him that way. The Gospels do not quote him as using the title for himself in so many words, although sayings like verse 27…

  • God, Truce of (ecclesiastical decree)

    Truce of God, a measure by the medieval Roman Catholic Church to suspend warfare during certain days of the week and during the period of certain church festivals and Lent. It is traceable to at least the Synod of Elne (1027), which suspended all warfare from Saturday night until prime on Monday.

  • God-Greet-You problem (mathematics)

    number game: God-Greet-You problems: For example, in “God greet you, all you 30 companions,” someone says: “If there were as many of us again and half as many more, then there would be 30 of us.” How many were there?

  • Godaison (Buddhist deities)

    Myō-ō, in the Buddhist mythology of Japan, fierce protective deities, corresponding to the Sanskrit Vidyaraja (“King of Knowledge”), worshiped mainly by the Shingon sect. They take on a ferocious appearance in order to frighten away evil spirits and to destroy ignorance and ugly passions. They are

  • Godalming (England, United Kingdom)

    Waverley: Godalming is the administrative centre.

  • Godan (Norse deity)

    Odin, one of the principal gods in Norse mythology. His exact nature and role, however, are difficult to determine because of the complex picture of him given by the wealth of archaeological and literary sources. The Roman historian Tacitus stated that the Teutons worshiped Mercury; and because

  • Godan Khan (Mongol leader)

    Mongolia: The successor states of the Mongol empire: Genghis Khan’s grandson, Godan Khan, invaded Tibet in 1240, after which he sought spiritual guidance from the Sakya Pandita, leader of the Sa-skya-pa (Sakyapa; Red Hat) school of Tibetan Buddhism. The Sakya Pandita, accompanied by his nephew, Phagspa Lama, journeyed to Godan’s camp (in what is now Gansu…

  • godar (Icelandic chieftain class)

    Iceland: Commonwealth (c. 930–1262): …distinct class of chieftains called godar (singular godi), of which there were about 40. In the absence of royal power in Iceland, the godar were to form the ruling class in the country.

  • Godard, Benjamin (French composer)

    Benjamin Godard, French composer of operas, light piano pieces, and songs. Godard was a child prodigy on the violin, studied composition, and in his youth composed symphonies, chamber works, concerti, and piano music. His best-known opera, Jocelyn (1881), is remembered for its famous “Berceuse.”

  • Godard, Benjamin-Louis-Paul (French composer)

    Benjamin Godard, French composer of operas, light piano pieces, and songs. Godard was a child prodigy on the violin, studied composition, and in his youth composed symphonies, chamber works, concerti, and piano music. His best-known opera, Jocelyn (1881), is remembered for its famous “Berceuse.”

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