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  • Godard, Jean-Luc (French director)

    Jean-Luc Godard, French Swiss film director who came to prominence with the New Wave group in France during the late 1950s and the ’60s. Godard spent his formative years on the Swiss side of Lake Geneva, where his father directed a clinic. His higher education consisted of study for a degree in

  • Godarpura (pilgrimage site, India)

    Godarpura, pilgrimage centre, western Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It is focused mainly on the island of Mandhata in the Narmada River, about 40 miles (65 km) southeast of Indore. The town of Omkareshwar (or Omkarji) lies adjacent to the island on the south side of the river. Godarpura has

  • Godarz I (king of Parthia)

    Gotarzes I, king of Parthia (reigned 91–87 or 91–81/80 bc). Gotarzes first appeared as “satrap of satraps” under the Parthian king Mithradates II in a Greek inscription at Bīsitūn, Iran. A name carved nearby, Gotarses Geopothros (Son of Gew), may also represent him (or Gotarzes II, according to

  • Godarz II (king of Parthia)

    Gotarzes II, king of Parthia (reigned c. ad 38–51). Gotarzes killed his brother Artabanus, but a second brother, Vardanes, was able to expel him to the province of Hyrcania. Although fear of the nobles reconciled the two for a time, they soon renewed their fighting, which continued until Vardanes’

  • Godavari River (river, India)

    Godavari River, sacred river of central and southeastern India. One of the longest rivers in India, its total length is about 910 miles (1,465 km), and it has a drainage basin of some 121,000 square miles (313,000 square km). The Godavari River rises in northwestern Maharashtra state in the Western

  • Godbolt, James Titus (American tap dancer)

    Jimmy Slyde, (James Titus Godbolt), American tap dancer (born Oct. 2, 1927, Atlanta, Ga.—died May 16, 2008, Hanson, Mass.), was a master of rhythm tap, in which the dancer’s feet become a percussion instrument, with intricate footwork accentuating the dancer’s chosen rhythm. He had a smooth style,

  • Godbout, Jacques (French author and filmmaker)

    Canadian literature: Contemporary trends: …Quebec “new novel” began with Jacques Godbout’s L’Aquarium (1962) and reached its high point in the brilliantly convoluted novels of Hubert Aquin that followed his Prochain épisode (1965; “Next Episode”; Eng. trans. Prochain Episode). Marie-Claire Blais’s Une Saison dans la vie d’Emmanuel (1965; A Season in the Life of Emmanuel

  • Godchaux, Donna (American musician)

    Grateful Dead: …1980, Marin county, California), vocalist Donna Godchaux (b. August 22, 1947, San Francisco), and keyboard player and vocalist Brent Mydland (b. October 21, 1952, Munich, West Germany [now in Germany]—d. July 26, 1990, Lafayette, California).

  • Godchaux, Keith (American musician)

    Grateful Dead: ), keyboard player Keith Godchaux (b. July 19, 1948, San Francisco—d. July 21, 1980, Marin county, California), vocalist Donna Godchaux (b. August 22, 1947, San Francisco), and keyboard player and vocalist Brent Mydland (b. October 21, 1952, Munich, West Germany [now in Germany]—d. July 26, 1990, Lafayette, California).

  • Goddard family (American cabinetmakers)

    Goddard Family, celebrated New England cabinetmakers, whose furniture was among the finest made in America during the 18th century. Quakers of English ancestry, the Goddards intermarried with the Townsend family, who were equally famous as cabinetmakers. In four generations, 20 Goddard and Townsend

  • Goddard of Aldbourne, Rayner Goddard, Baron (British chief justice)

    Rayner Goddard, Baron Goddard, lord chief justice of England from 1946 to 1958. Seldom lenient but always respectful of legal proprieties, he set a valuable example to the lower judiciary in controlling the crime wave that followed World War II in England. From 1917 Goddard served successively as

  • Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration: …centres are affiliated, including the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California; the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas; and the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. Headquarters of NASA are in Washington, D.C.

  • Goddard, Beatrice Romaine (American painter)

    Romaine Goddard Brooks, American painter who, in her gray-shaded portraits, penetrated and distilled her subjects’ personalities to an often disturbing degree. Born to wealthy American parents, Beatrice Romaine Goddard had a very unhappy childhood. Her mother doted on a paranoid and mentally

  • Goddard, Dwight (American writer, missionary, businessman, engineer, and inventor)

    Jack Kerouac: Sketching, poetry, and Buddhism: …writings of American Buddhist popularizer Dwight Goddard, particularly the second edition (1938) of his A Buddhist Bible. Kerouac began his genre-defying Some of the Dharma in 1953 as reader’s notes on A Buddhist Bible, and the work grew into a massive compilation of spiritual material, meditations, prayers, haiku, and musings…

  • Goddard, James (American cabinetmaker)

    Goddard Family: …he and his younger brother James worked for Job Townsend. Shortly after they married Townsend’s daughters, John established his own workshop, and by the 1760s he had become Newport’s leading cabinetmaker, being commissioned by such eminent early Americans as Gov. Stephen Hopkins of Rhode Island and the famous philanthropist Moses…

  • Goddard, John (American cabinetmaker)

    Goddard Family: …a house carpenter in Massachusetts, John Goddard (1723/ 24–85) moved with his family in the 1740s to Newport, where he and his younger brother James worked for Job Townsend. Shortly after they married Townsend’s daughters, John established his own workshop, and by the 1760s he had become Newport’s leading cabinetmaker,…

  • Goddard, John Frederick (British photographer)

    history of photography: Development of the daguerreotype: …colonies), Beard employed the chemist John Frederick Goddard to try to improve and accelerate the exposure process. Among the techniques Goddard studied were two that Wolcott had tried: increasing the light sensitivity of the silver iodide with bromine vapours and filtering the blindingly bright daylight necessary for exposure through blue…

  • Goddard, John, II (American cabinetmaker)

    Goddard Family: Stephen Goddard’s son, John Goddard II (1789–1843), was also a cabinetmaker. All were survived by Thomas, who remained virtually a relic of the bygone Colonial era and whom his obituarist in the Newport Mercury honoured as one of the century’s most humane and benevolent men.

  • Goddard, Mary Katherine (American printer, publisher, and postmaster)

    Mary Katherine Goddard, early American printer and publisher who was also probably the first woman postmaster in America. Goddard grew up in New London, Connecticut. In 1762 she and her widowed mother moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where her elder brother William had opened a printing office.

  • Goddard, Paulette (American actress)

    Paulette Goddard, American actress known for her spirited persona and for her association with Charlie Chaplin. Goddard worked as a fashion model in her early teens, and at age 16 she appeared as a chorus girl in the Broadway revue No Foolin’. Within the next four years, she married, divorced, and

  • Goddard, Robert (American professor and inventor)

    Robert Goddard, American professor and inventor generally acknowledged to be the father of modern rocketry. He published his classic treatise, A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes, in 1919. Goddard was the only child of a bookkeeper, salesman, and machine-shop owner of modest means. The boy had a

  • Goddard, Robert Hutchings (American professor and inventor)

    Robert Goddard, American professor and inventor generally acknowledged to be the father of modern rocketry. He published his classic treatise, A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes, in 1919. Goddard was the only child of a bookkeeper, salesman, and machine-shop owner of modest means. The boy had a

  • Goddard, Stephen (American cabinetmaker)

    Goddard Family: …tools and shop, were cabinetmakers: Stephen (died 1804) and Thomas (1765–1858); Townsend Goddard (1750–90), probably his eldest son, was named executor of his will (written 1761). Both Stephen and Thomas had worked with John the elder and carried on his business for many years. Although they produced some works in…

  • Goddard, Thomas (American cabinetmaker)

    Goddard Family: …cabinetmakers: Stephen (died 1804) and Thomas (1765–1858); Townsend Goddard (1750–90), probably his eldest son, was named executor of his will (written 1761). Both Stephen and Thomas had worked with John the elder and carried on his business for many years. Although they produced some works in their father’s style, they…

  • Goddard-Townsend group (American company)

    Townsend family: …with the Goddard family the Goddard-Townsend group, known for case furniture characterized by block fronts and decorative carved shell motifs, frequently in the graceful and ornate style developed by the English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale.

  • Godden Haynes-Dixon, Margaret Rumer (British writer)

    Rumer Godden, British writer whose many novels, poems, and nonfictional works reflect her personal experiences in colonial India and in England. Godden was taken in infancy to India and lived there until adolescence, when she was sent to a boarding school in England. She eventually returned to

  • Godden v. Hales (law case)

    United Kingdom: Church and king: …dispensing power was upheld in Godden v. Hales (1686). James made it clear that he intended to maintain his large military establishment, to promote Catholics to positions of leadership, and to dispense with the penal code. He set out systematically to create a Catholic state. Over the three years of…

  • Godden, Rumer (British writer)

    Rumer Godden, British writer whose many novels, poems, and nonfictional works reflect her personal experiences in colonial India and in England. Godden was taken in infancy to India and lived there until adolescence, when she was sent to a boarding school in England. She eventually returned to

  • goddess (deity)

    god and goddess: Such deities may correspond to earthly and celestial phenomena or to human values, pastimes, and institutions, including love, marriage, hunting, war, and the arts. While some are capable of being killed, many are immortal. Although they are always more powerful than humans, they are often described…

  • goddess of mercy fir (tree)

    Japanese cedar, (Cryptomeria japonica), a coniferous evergreen timber tree and only species of the genus Cryptomeria of the family Cupressaceae (sometimes classified in the so-called deciduous cypress family Taxodiaceae), native to eastern Asia. The tree may attain 45 metres (150 feet) or more in

  • Goddess on the Throne (sculpture)

    Kosovo: The arts: …terra-cotta figure known as the Goddess on the Throne. Discovered near Pristina in the mid-20th century, it serves as a symbol of Kosovo. Kosovo is rich in folk art dating from the more recent past as well. Snake symbols are a common feature of Albanian architecture and decoration, and a…

  • Goddess, The (film by Cromwell [1958])

    John Cromwell: Later work: …and that year he directed The Goddess, writer Paddy Chayefsky’s dissection of the Marilyn Monroe phenomenon, with Kim Stanley as a troubled actress. The Scavengers (1959) was his last Hollywood film, and in 1961 he ended his film-directing career with A Matter of Morals, a low-budget drama made in Sweden.…

  • Gode, Alexander (linguist)

    Interlingua: …and early 1950s, the linguist Alexander Gode, with the sponsorship of the International Auxiliary Language Association, reformulated and revived Interlingua and promoted its use in the international scientific community. As reformulated, Interlingua’s grammar is not much more complex than that of Esperanto; it has only one form for nouns (taken…

  • Godefroi de Bouillon (French noble)

    Godfrey of Bouillon, duke of Lower Lorraine (as Godfrey IV; 1089–1100) and a leader of the First Crusade, who became the first Latin ruler in Palestine after the capture of Jerusalem from the Muslims in July 1099. Godfrey’s parents were Count Eustace II of Boulogne and Ida, daughter of Duke Godfrey

  • Godefroid de Claire (Belgian goldsmith)

    Godefroid de Claire, important Belgian Romanesque goldsmith and enamelist of the Mosan school. Little is known of his life, but he seems to have been most active in the service of the abbot of Stavelot Abbey. Among the best known works attributed to him are a bronze aquamanile (ewer) reliquary of

  • Godefroid de Huy (Belgian goldsmith)

    Godefroid de Claire, important Belgian Romanesque goldsmith and enamelist of the Mosan school. Little is known of his life, but he seems to have been most active in the service of the abbot of Stavelot Abbey. Among the best known works attributed to him are a bronze aquamanile (ewer) reliquary of

  • Godefroy family (French family)

    Godefroy Family, distinguished French family of legal scholars and historians. Denis I Godefroy, called Denis the Old (1549–1621), was a Protestant who for that reason lived in exile in Switzerland and Germany. His Corpus juris civilis (1583) had a long life, going through 20 editions. His son

  • Godefroy, Denis I (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: Denis I Godefroy, called Denis the Old (1549–1621), was a Protestant who for that reason lived in exile in Switzerland and Germany. His Corpus juris civilis (1583) had a long life, going through 20 editions. His son Théodore (1580–1649) abjured Protestantism and lived in France,…

  • Godefroy, Denis II (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: Denis II Godefroy, called Denis the Young (1615–81), son of Théodore, was also a historian and archivist. Denis III (1653–1719), son of Denis II, was keeper of the books at the Chambre des Comptes, the central financial administration, in Paris. Jean Godefroy, sieur d’Aumont (1656–1732),…

  • Godefroy, Denis III (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: Denis III (1653–1719), son of Denis II, was keeper of the books at the Chambre des Comptes, the central financial administration, in Paris. Jean Godefroy, sieur d’Aumont (1656–1732), also a son of Denis II, was editor of a number of historical documents.

  • Godefroy, Jacques (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: Jacques Godefroy (1587–1652), also a son of Denis I, was a professor at the University of Geneva. His edition of the Codex Theodosianus, published posthumously, was his most important work. Denis II Godefroy, called Denis the Young (1615–81), son of Théodore, was also a historian…

  • Godefroy, Jean (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: Jean Godefroy, sieur d’Aumont (1656–1732), also a son of Denis II, was editor of a number of historical documents.

  • Godefroy, Théodore (French law scholar)

    Godefroy Family: His son Théodore (1580–1649) abjured Protestantism and lived in France, where he wrote historical works. Jacques Godefroy (1587–1652), also a son of Denis I, was a professor at the University of Geneva. His edition of the Codex Theodosianus, published posthumously, was his most important work. Denis II…

  • Godehard, Saint (Bavarian archbishop)

    Saint Gotthard, ; canonized 1131; feast day May 4), abbot and archbishop, who helped foster the development of Hildesheim and who played an important role in the imperial campaign to reform and reorganize the Bavarian church. Gotthard was educated in the monastery school of Niederaltaich and at the

  • Godeheu, Charles Robert (French administrator)

    India: The Anglo-French struggle, 1740–63: …1754 by the director Charles-Robert Godeheu, who made a not unfavourable settlement with the British.

  • G?del number (mathematics)

    set theory: Limitations of axiomatic set theory: …with natural numbers (now called G?del numbers) and by talking about these numbers, G?del was able to make the metamathematics of S become part of the arithmetic of S and hence expressible in S. The theorem in question asserts that the formula of S that expresses (via a coding) “S…

  • G?del’s completeness theorem (logic)

    history of logic: G?del’s incompleteness theorems: …G?del’s proof of the semantic completeness of first-order logic in 1930. Improved versions of the completeness of first-order logic were subsequently presented by various researchers, among them the American mathematician Leon Henkin and the Dutch logician Evert W. Beth.

  • G?del’s constructible universe (mathematics)

    foundations of mathematics: Boolean local topoi: A better candidate may be G?del’s constructible universe, whose original purpose was to serve as a model of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory in which the continuum hypothesis holds. It is formed like the von Neumann universe, except that the notion of subset, implicit in the power-set operation, is replaced by that…

  • G?del’s first incompleteness theorem (logic)

    incompleteness theorem: In 1931 G?del published his first incompleteness theorem, “über formal unentscheidbare S?tze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme” (“On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems”), which stands as a major turning point of 20th-century logic. This theorem established that it is impossible to use the axiomatic method…

  • G?del’s incompleteness theorems (logic)

    Incompleteness theorem, in foundations of mathematics, either of two theorems proved by the Austrian-born American logician Kurt G?del. In 1931 G?del published his first incompleteness theorem, “über formal unentscheidbare S?tze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme” (“On Formally

  • G?del’s second incompleteness theorem (logic)

    incompleteness theorem: The second incompleteness theorem follows as an immediate consequence, or corollary, from G?del’s paper. Although it was not stated explicitly in the paper, G?del was aware of it, and other mathematicians, such as the Hungarian-born American mathematician John von Neumann, realized immediately that it followed as…

  • G?del, Kurt (American mathematician)

    Kurt G?del, Austrian-born mathematician, logician, and philosopher who obtained what may be the most important mathematical result of the 20th century: his famous incompleteness theorem, which states that within any axiomatic mathematical system there are propositions that cannot be proved or

  • Godenshō (work by Kakunyo)

    Shinran: Life: …life) known popularly as the Godenshō (“The Biography”), was written in 1295 by his great-grandson Kakunyo (1270–1351). Other works that offer insights into his life are Shinran’s own religious writings and the letters of his wife, Eshin Ni (1182–1268?), which were discovered in 1921.

  • Goderich of Nocton, Frederick John Robinson, Viscount (prime minister of Great Britain)

    Frederick John Robinson, 1st earl of Ripon, prime minister of Great Britain from August 1827 to January 1828. He received from the radical journalist William Cobbett the sardonic nicknames “Prosperity Robinson” (for his unwarranted optimism on the eve of the 1825 economic crisis) and “Goody

  • Godescalc Gospels (Carolingian codex)

    chrysography: …among these masterpieces is the Godescalc Gospels, written between 781 and 783, in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

  • Godescalc of Orbais (Roman Catholic theologian)

    Gottschalk Of Orbais, monk, poet, and theologian whose teachings on predestination shook the Roman Catholic church in the 9th century. Of noble birth, Gottschalk was an oblate (i.e., a child dedicated to monastic life by its parents) in the Benedictine abbey of Fulda. Over the objection of his

  • Godescalchus of Orbais (Roman Catholic theologian)

    Gottschalk Of Orbais, monk, poet, and theologian whose teachings on predestination shook the Roman Catholic church in the 9th century. Of noble birth, Gottschalk was an oblate (i.e., a child dedicated to monastic life by its parents) in the Benedictine abbey of Fulda. Over the objection of his

  • Godey’s Lady’s Book (American magazine)

    Godey’s Lady’s Book, American publication that, from 1830 to 1898, pioneered a format still employed by magazines devoted to women’s issues. Louis A. Godey, a publisher and former newspaper editor, established his magazine in 1830 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the first six years of its

  • Godey’s Lady’s Book Ladies’ Magazine (American magazine)

    Godey’s Lady’s Book, American publication that, from 1830 to 1898, pioneered a format still employed by magazines devoted to women’s issues. Louis A. Godey, a publisher and former newspaper editor, established his magazine in 1830 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the first six years of its

  • Godey, Louis A. (American publisher)

    Godey's Lady's Book: Louis A. Godey, a publisher and former newspaper editor, established his magazine in 1830 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the first six years of its existence, it included mainly articles clipped from British women’s magazines and hand-coloured plates reproducing fashions of the day. Godey, wanting to…

  • godfather (Christianity)

    Godparent, in Christianity, one who stands surety for another in the rite of baptism. In the modern baptism of an infant or child, the godparent or godparents make a profession of faith for the person being baptized (the godchild) and assume an obligation to serve as proxies for the parents if the

  • Godfather of Harlem (American television series)

    Forest Whitaker: …role in the TV series Godfather of Harlem (2019– ), portraying 1960s crime boss Bumpy Johnson.

  • Godfather of Soul (American singer)

    James Brown, American singer, songwriter, arranger, and dancer, who was one of the most important and influential entertainers in 20th-century popular music and whose remarkable achievements earned him the sobriquet “the Hardest-Working Man in Show Business.” Brown was raised mainly in Augusta,

  • Godfather’s Pizza (American company)

    Herman Cain: …over the struggling Pillsbury holding Godfather’s Pizza. He aggressively streamlined its menu and closed unproductive restaurants, rescuing the chain from bankruptcy in a little over a year. In 1988 Cain led a buyout of the company. He served as chief executive officer and president of Godfather’s until 1996, when he…

  • Godfather, Part II, The (film by Coppola [1974])

    The Godfather: Part II, American gangster film, released in 1974, that was a sequel and companion piece to the 1972 blockbuster The Godfather, adapted from the 1969 novel by Mario Puzo. In the years since its release the film has gained the reputation of being the rare sequel that equals or perhaps

  • Godfather, Part III, The (film by Coppola [1990])

    Francis Ford Coppola: The 1990s: …saga, and the result was The Godfather: Part III (1990). While not in the same league as the first two films in the series, it did possess some merit. The cast included Pacino, Keaton, Andy Garcia, Talia Shire, Joe Mantegna, and Eli Wallach, but Coppola was taken to task by…

  • Godfather, The (novel by Puzo)

    The Godfather, novel by Mario Puzo, published in 1969, which became one of the most successful fiction books ever—selling some 21 million copies worldwide, spawning three critically and financially successful motion pictures, and placing its characters into the contemporary American cultural

  • Godfather, The (film by Coppola [1972])

    The Godfather, American gangster epic film, released in 1972, that was adapted from the 1969 best-selling novel by Mario Puzo and has been regarded as a masterpiece since its release. Its creative cinematography, haunting score, and unforgettable performances by such actors as Marlon Brando and Al

  • Godfred (king of Denmark)

    Godfrey, king in Denmark who halted the northward extension of Charlemagne’s empire. He may have ruled over all Denmark, but his centre of power was in the extreme south of Jutland. There Hedeby became an important station on the new Frankish trade route to the Muslim states of the East via the

  • Godfree, Kathleen McKane (British athlete)

    Kitty Godfree, British tennis player, a dominant figure in women’s tennis in the 1920s who won two singles titles at the All-England Championships at Wimbledon, five doubles titles in Grand Slam events, and five Olympic medals, including a gold in women’s doubles at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp,

  • Godfree, Kitty (British athlete)

    Kitty Godfree, British tennis player, a dominant figure in women’s tennis in the 1920s who won two singles titles at the All-England Championships at Wimbledon, five doubles titles in Grand Slam events, and five Olympic medals, including a gold in women’s doubles at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp,

  • Godfrey (king of Denmark)

    Godfrey, king in Denmark who halted the northward extension of Charlemagne’s empire. He may have ruled over all Denmark, but his centre of power was in the extreme south of Jutland. There Hedeby became an important station on the new Frankish trade route to the Muslim states of the East via the

  • Godfrey I (ruler of Breda)

    Breda: …its earliest known lord was Godfrey I (1125–70), in whose family it continued until it was sold to Brabant in 1327. Chartered in 1252, it passed to the house of Nassau in 1404 and, ultimately, to William I of Orange (1533–84). Fortified (1531–36) by Count Henry III of Nassau, who…

  • Godfrey of Bouillon (French noble)

    Godfrey of Bouillon, duke of Lower Lorraine (as Godfrey IV; 1089–1100) and a leader of the First Crusade, who became the first Latin ruler in Palestine after the capture of Jerusalem from the Muslims in July 1099. Godfrey’s parents were Count Eustace II of Boulogne and Ida, daughter of Duke Godfrey

  • Godfrey of Bulloigne or the Recoverie of Jerusalem (work by Fairfax)

    Edward Fairfax: 27, 1635), English poet whose Godfrey of Bulloigne or the Recoverie of Jerusalem (1600), a translation of Gerusalemme liberata, an epic poem by his Italian contemporary Torquato Tasso, won fame and was praised by John Dryden. Although translating stanza by stanza, Fairfax freely altered poetic detail. The poem influenced the…

  • Godfrey of Fontaines (French philosopher and theologian)

    Godfrey Of Fontaines, French Aristotelian philosopher and theologian prominent in the medieval controversy over faith versus reason that dominated the intellectual life of the University of Paris, then the academic centre of the West. At the Faculty of Arts in Paris, Godfrey studied with the A

  • Godfrey of Saint-Victor (French philosopher)

    Godfrey of Saint-Victor, French monk, philosopher, theologian, and poet whose writings summarized an early medieval Christian Humanism that strove to classify areas of knowledge, to integrate distinctive methods of learning, and to recognize the intrinsic dignity of man and nature. A student with

  • Godfrey of Viterbo (Roman Catholic chronicler)

    mirror for princes: …true of such texts as Godfrey of Viterbo’s Mirror of Kings, Helinand of Froidmont’s On the Government of Princes, and Gerald of Wales’s Book on the Education of a Prince, all written between about 1180 and 1220.

  • Godfrey, Arthur (American entertainer)

    Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television entertainer widely popular in the 1940s and ’50s, whose many broadcast programs launched the careers of numerous popular singers and other entertainers. The child of a newspaperman-author-lecturer, Arthur Godfrey grew up in New Jersey not far from New

  • Godfrey, Arthur Morton (American entertainer)

    Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television entertainer widely popular in the 1940s and ’50s, whose many broadcast programs launched the careers of numerous popular singers and other entertainers. The child of a newspaperman-author-lecturer, Arthur Godfrey grew up in New Jersey not far from New

  • Godfrey, Bob (British animator)

    Bob Godfrey, (Roland Frederick Godfrey), British animator (born May 27, 1921, West Maitland, N.S.W., Australia—died Feb. 21, 2013, London, Eng.), was admired for the quirky children’s cartoon shows Roobarb (1974), narrated by actor Richard Briers, Noah and Nelly in SkylArk (1976), and Henry’s Cat

  • Godfrey, Roland Frederick (British animator)

    Bob Godfrey, (Roland Frederick Godfrey), British animator (born May 27, 1921, West Maitland, N.S.W., Australia—died Feb. 21, 2013, London, Eng.), was admired for the quirky children’s cartoon shows Roobarb (1974), narrated by actor Richard Briers, Noah and Nelly in SkylArk (1976), and Henry’s Cat

  • Godfrey, Sir Edmund (English magistrate)

    Sir Edmund Godfrey, English magistrate whose death, allegedly at the hands of Roman Catholics, touched off a wave of anti-Catholic hysteria that shook the government of King Charles II. Godfrey went into business in London and later became a justice of the peace for the city of Westminster. He was

  • Godfrey, Sir Edmund Berry (English magistrate)

    Sir Edmund Godfrey, English magistrate whose death, allegedly at the hands of Roman Catholics, touched off a wave of anti-Catholic hysteria that shook the government of King Charles II. Godfrey went into business in London and later became a justice of the peace for the city of Westminster. He was

  • Godfrey, Thomas (North American inventor)

    Thomas Godfrey, British-American colonial artisan, inventor, and mathematician. Godfrey became a glazier during his youth and later installed the windows in Philadelphia’s state house, now Independence Hall. He was also employed at the residence of the colonial statesman and botanist James Logan,

  • Godfreyson, Anlaf (king of Northumbria and Dublin)

    Olaf Guthfrithson, king of Northumbria and of Dublin. Olaf was the son of Guthfrith (or Godfrey), king of Dublin. He is often confused with Olaf Sihtricson. Olaf Guthfrithson became king of Dublin in 934 and was in England in 937, where he took part in the Battle of Brunanburh against Aethelstan. A

  • Godfreyson, Olaf (king of Northumbria and Dublin)

    Olaf Guthfrithson, king of Northumbria and of Dublin. Olaf was the son of Guthfrith (or Godfrey), king of Dublin. He is often confused with Olaf Sihtricson. Olaf Guthfrithson became king of Dublin in 934 and was in England in 937, where he took part in the Battle of Brunanburh against Aethelstan. A

  • Godgifu (Anglo-Saxon gentlewoman)

    Lady Godiva, Anglo-Saxon gentlewoman famous for her legendary ride while nude through Coventry, Warwickshire. Godiva was the wife of Leofric, earl of Mercia, with whom she founded and endowed a monastery at Coventry. The chronicler Florence of Worcester (d. 1118) mentions Leofric and Godiva with

  • Godhavn (town, Greenland)

    Qeqertarsuaq: Qeqertarsuaq (Danish: Godhavn), the largest settlement on the island, was established in 1773. Hunting and fishing are the main activities. A research station is located close to the town. The island was first explored by Erik the Red about 984. Area 3,312 square miles (8,578…

  • Godhead (theology)

    Arianism: Beliefs: Because the Godhead is unique, it cannot be shared or communicated. Because the Godhead is immutable, the Son, who is mutable, must, therefore, be deemed a creature who has been called into existence out of nothing and has had a beginning. Moreover, the Son can have no…

  • Godhra (India)

    Godhra, city, northeastern Gujarat state, west-central India. It lies on a plain east of the Mahi River and about 40 miles (65 km) northeast of Vadodara. Godhra is a road and rail junction and a commercial centre for timber and agricultural produce. Industries include oilseed pressing, flour

  • godi (Icelandic chieftain class)

    Iceland: Commonwealth (c. 930–1262): …distinct class of chieftains called godar (singular godi), of which there were about 40. In the absence of royal power in Iceland, the godar were to form the ruling class in the country.

  • Godi, Villa (building, Lonedo, Italy)

    Andrea Palladio: Early life and works: The Villa Godi has a plan clearly derived from the Villa Trissino but with similarities to traditional Venetian country houses. It contains all the elements of Palladio’s future villa designs, including symmetrical flanking wings for stables and barns and a walled courtyard in front of the…

  • Godin Tepe (archaeological site, Iran)

    ancient Iran: The Neolithic Period (New Stone Age): …Khūzestān, Hajji Firuz in Azerbaijan, Godin Tepe VII in northeastern Lorestān, Tepe Sialk I on the rim of the central salt desert, and Tepe Yahya VI C–E in the southeast are all sites that have yielded evidence of fairly sophisticated patterns of agricultural life (Roman numerals identify the level of…

  • Godiva, Lady (Anglo-Saxon gentlewoman)

    Lady Godiva, Anglo-Saxon gentlewoman famous for her legendary ride while nude through Coventry, Warwickshire. Godiva was the wife of Leofric, earl of Mercia, with whom she founded and endowed a monastery at Coventry. The chronicler Florence of Worcester (d. 1118) mentions Leofric and Godiva with

  • Godkin, E. L. (American editor)

    E. L. Godkin, Anglo-American editor and founder of The Nation, a news and opinion magazine. After graduating in 1851 from Queen’s College, Belfast, studying law, and working for newspapers in London and Belfast, Godkin went to the United States late in 1856. He continued a connection with the

  • Godkin, Edwin Lawrence (American editor)

    E. L. Godkin, Anglo-American editor and founder of The Nation, a news and opinion magazine. After graduating in 1851 from Queen’s College, Belfast, studying law, and working for newspapers in London and Belfast, Godkin went to the United States late in 1856. He continued a connection with the

  • Godless Girl, The (film by DeMille [1929])

    Cecil B. DeMille: Early life and silent films: The Squaw Man to The Godless Girl: …and his last silent film, The Godless Girl (1929), was about atheism sweeping through a high school and was also an indictment of the harsh conditions in juvenile reform schools.

  • Godly Meditation of the Soul, A (work by Margaret of Angoulême)

    Margaret of Angoulême: …Elizabeth I of England as A Godly Meditation of the Soul, 1548), was published during her lifetime, her best verse, including Le Navire, was not compiled until 1896, under the title of Les Dernières Poésies (“Last Poems”).

  • Godmanhood (work by Solovyov)

    Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov: …delivered his celebrated lectures on Godmanhood (1880). This appointment was later rescinded because of Solovyov’s clemency appeal for the March 1881 assassins of Tsar Alexander II. He also encountered official opposition to his writings and to his activity in promoting the union of Eastern Orthodoxy with the Roman Catholic church.

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