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  • Goosebumps (book series by Stine)

    R.L. Stine: …New Girl (1989), and the Goosebumps series for age 8 to 11 was launched with Welcome to Dead House (1992); the latter series inspired the television program Goosebumps (1995–98). The unpredictability, plot twists, and cliff-hanger endings of his horror writing relied on surprise, avoided the seriously threatening topics of modern…

  • Goosebumps (film by Letterman [2015])

    R.L. Stine: …Jack Black in the film Goosebumps (2015) and Goosebumps 2 (2018), in which the author’s terrifying characters come to life.

  • Goosebumps 2 (film by Sandel [2018])

    R.L. Stine: …the film Goosebumps (2015) and Goosebumps 2 (2018), in which the author’s terrifying characters come to life.

  • goosefish (fish)

    Goosefish, any of about 25 species of anglerfishes of the family Lophiidae (order Lophiiformes), found in warm and temperate seas around the world. Goosefishes are soft and flabby with wide, flattened heads and slender, tapering bodies. They may grow to a maximum length and weight of about 1.8

  • gooseflesh (physiology)

    human disease: Maintenance of health: On a cold day gooseflesh may develop, an example of a homeostatic response that is a throwback to mechanisms in lower animals. In fur-bearing ancestors of humans, cold external environments caused the individual hair shafts to rise and, in effect, produce a heavier, thicker insulation of the body against…

  • goosefoot (plant)

    Goosefoot, (genus Chenopodium), genus of several weedy salt-tolerant plants belonging to the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), found in temperate regions around the world. Goosefoot plants are often rank-smelling, and a number of species have leaves that resemble the foot of a goose—hence their

  • goosefoot family (plant family)

    desert: Origin: …of diversity such as the chenopod and tamarisk families, first appeared in the Miocene (23 to 5.3 million years ago), evolving in the salty, drying environment of the disappearing Tethys Sea along what is now the Mediterranean–Central Asian axis.

  • goosegrass (plant)

    bedstraw: palustre), and goosegrass (G. aparine) are common throughout Europe and have become naturalized in parts of North America. Sweet woodruff, or sweet scented bedstraw (G. odoratum, formerly Asperula odorata), has an odour similar to that of freshly mown hay; its dried shoots are used in perfumes and…

  • gooseneck (geology)

    meander: …to constrict and form a gooseneck, an extremely bowed meander. A cutoff may form through the gooseneck and allow the former meander bend to be sealed off as an oxbow lake. Silt deposits will eventually fill the lake to form a marsh or meander scar.

  • gooseneck die-casting (metallurgy)

    die-casting: In the piston, or gooseneck, process the plunger and its cylinder are submerged in the molten metal, the metal being admitted through a hole in the top of the cylinder when the plunger is retracted; the advance of the plunger forces the metal into the die cavity…

  • Goosenecks (region, Utah, United States)

    Rocky Mountains: Physiography: …meanders, such as the dramatic Goosenecks section of the San Juan River near Mexican Hat, Utah, where erosion through the canyon walls separating opposite sides of a meandering river loop has created a natural bridge.

  • Goossens, Sir Eugene (British conductor)

    Sir Eugene Goossens, prominent English conductor of the 20th century and a skilled composer. His father, Eugène Goossens (1867–1958), and his grandfather, Eugène Goossens (1845–1906), were both noted conductors. He studied at the Bruges Conservatory in Belgium, at the Liverpool College of Music,

  • Goosson, Stephen (American art director)
  • GOP (political party, United States [1854-present])

    Republican Party, in the United States, one of the two major political parties, the other being the Democratic Party. During the 19th century the Republican Party stood against the extension of slavery to the country’s new territories and, ultimately, for slavery’s complete abolition. During the

  • GOPAC (American political action committee)

    Newt Gingrich: Contract with America and speaker of the House: …inaccurately denied the involvement of GOPAC, a political action committee that he once headed, in the course’s development. Based on these findings, the ethics committee concluded that he had violated House rules, and in January 1997 the House of Representatives voted to accept the committee’s recommendation that Gingrich be reprimanded…

  • gopak (dance)

    Hopak, Ukrainian folk dance originating as a male dance among the Zaporozhian Cossacks but later danced by couples, male soloists, and mixed groups of dancers. In western Ukraine, as the hopak-kolo, it is danced in a closed circle. The hopak has no fixed pattern of steps. Men competitively

  • Gopal, Bisano Ram (Indian dancer)

    Ram Gopal, Indian classical dancer (born Nov. 20, 1917?, Bangalore, India—died Oct. 12, 2003, Croyden, Surrey, Eng.), was for a time the toast of Europe for his beauty and grace and for the authenticity of his performances. After mastering kathakali, bharatra natya, and manipuri forms of dance, G

  • Gopal, Ram (Indian dancer)

    Ram Gopal, Indian classical dancer (born Nov. 20, 1917?, Bangalore, India—died Oct. 12, 2003, Croyden, Surrey, Eng.), was for a time the toast of Europe for his beauty and grace and for the authenticity of his performances. After mastering kathakali, bharatra natya, and manipuri forms of dance, G

  • Gopāla (king of Pāla)

    Pala dynasty: Its founder, Gopala, was a local chieftain who rose to power in the mid-8th century during a period of anarchy. His successor, Dharmapala (reigned c. 770–810), greatly expanded the kingdom and for a while was in control of Kannauj. Pala power was maintained under Devapala (reigned c.…

  • Gopalachandra (Indian poet)

    Harishchandra: His father, Gopalachandra (pen name Giridharadaja), was a poet who composed a considerable amount of traditional Braj Bhasa (a dialect of Hindi) verse of technical virtuosity but with little poetic feeling.

  • Gopalakrishnan, Adoor (Indian filmmaker)

    Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Indian filmmaker who was one of the leading figures in the New Indian cinema movement of realistic and issue-based filmmaking that arose in the 1970s. His best-known works were Elippathayam (1982; Rat-Trap), Mathilukal (1990; The Walls), and Nizhalkkuthu (2002; Shadow Kill).

  • Gopher (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Surface-to-air: …track-mobile replacement of Ganef; the SA-13 Gopher, a replacement for Gaskin; and the SA-14, a shoulder-fired Grail replacement. Both Grumble and Gadfly had naval equivalents, the SA-N-6 and SA-N-7. The Gladiator might have been designed with an antimissile capability, making it an element of the antiballistic missile defense around Moscow.

  • gopher (rodent)

    Pocket gopher, (family Geomyidae), any of 38 species of predominantly North and Central American rodents named for their large, fur-lined cheek pouches. The “pockets” open externally on each side of the mouth and extend from the face to the shoulders; they can be everted for cleaning. The lips can

  • gopher snake (reptile)

    Indigo snake, (Drymarchon corais), docile, nonvenomous member of the family Colubridae found from the southeastern United States to Brazil. It is the largest snake in the United States—record length is 2.6 metres (8.5 feet)—and one of the largest of all colubrids. In the United States its colour is

  • gopher snake (reptile)

    Bull snake, (Pituophis catenifer), North American constrictor snake of the family Colubridae. These snakes are called bull snakes over much of their range; however, in the western United States they are often called gopher snakes. Bull snakes are rather heavy-bodied, small-headed, and may reach 2.5

  • gopher tortoise (reptile)

    turtle: Habitats: For example, both the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) and the Eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina) live in the southern United States and are equally terrestrial, but they are not usually found together, as the box turtle prefers moist forest and the gopher tortoise open woodlands on sand ridges. The…

  • Gopherus flavomarinatus (reptile)

    turtle: Reproductive age and activity: …mature, and the slightly larger Mexican tortoise (Gopherus flavomarinatus) matures at 14 to 15 years. Age at maturity is also tied to a turtle’s rate of growth, which relates to both the quantity and quality of food. Along Florida’s Atlantic coast the metre-long (3.3-foot) green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) takes…

  • Gopherus polyphemus (reptile)

    turtle: Habitats: For example, both the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) and the Eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina) live in the southern United States and are equally terrestrial, but they are not usually found together, as the box turtle prefers moist forest and the gopher tortoise open woodlands on sand ridges. The…

  • Gopi (Brahman leader)

    Surat: …founded by a Brahman named Gopi, who built the Gopi Tank (water reservoir) in 1516 and named the area Surajpur or Suryapur. Surat became the name of the city in 1520. It was plundered by Muslims in the 12th and 15th centuries. In 1514 the Portuguese traveler Duarte Barbosa described…

  • gopi (Indian women)

    Holi: …of Krishna’s play with the gopis (wives and daughters of cowherds). In Vraja (modern Gokul), rituals of reversal culminate in a battle in which the women of the natal village of Radha, Krishna’s eternally devoted lover, pummel the men of Krishna’s village with staves; the men defend themselves with shields.…

  • Gopichand, Pullela (Indian badminton player)

    Pullela Gopichand, Indian badminton player who in 2001 became the second Indian to win the prestigious All England men’s singles badminton championship. Gopichand’s family moved to Hyderabad when he was a young boy. He did not start playing badminton until age 11, and he then played recreationally,

  • Gopichandra (Indian ascetic)

    Indo-Aryan literature: The stories of Gopichandra, the cult hero of the Natha religious movement, a school of mendicant sannyasis, were known from Bengal to the Punjab even in the early period. And the story of the Rajput heroine Padmavati, originally a romance, was beautifully recorded, with a Sufi (mystic) twist,…

  • G?ppingen (Germany)

    G?ppingen, city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies at the foot of the Swabian Alp, on the Fils River, southeast of Stuttgart. Founded about 1150 by the Hohenstaufen imperial family (whose fortress was nearby), G?ppingen passed to the counts of Württemberg in 1273. It was

  • gopura (architecture)

    Gopura, in south Indian architecture, the entrance gateway to a Hindu temple enclosure. Relatively small at first, the gopuras grew in size from the mid-12th century until the colossal gateways came to dominate the temple complex, quite surpassing the main sanctum in both size and architectural

  • gopuram (architecture)

    Gopura, in south Indian architecture, the entrance gateway to a Hindu temple enclosure. Relatively small at first, the gopuras grew in size from the mid-12th century until the colossal gateways came to dominate the temple complex, quite surpassing the main sanctum in both size and architectural

  • Gor Khatri (temple, Peshāwar, Pakistan)

    Peshawar: …after the battle of Nowshera; Gor Khatri, once a Buddhist monastery and later a sacred Hindu temple, which stands on an eminence in the east and affords a panoramic view of the entire city; the pure white mosque of Mahabat Khan (1630), a remarkable monument of Mughal architecture; Victoria memorial…

  • Gor’kij (Russia)

    Nizhny Novgorod, city and administrative centre of Nizhegorod oblast (region), western Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers, 260 miles (420 km) east of Moscow. Although some authorities give an earlier date, the city was founded, according to a major chronicle, in

  • Gora Elbrus (mountain, Russia)

    Mount Elbrus, highest peak of the Caucasus mountains, southwestern Russia. It is an extinct volcano with twin cones reaching 18,510 feet (5,642 metres) and 18,356 feet (5,595 metres). The volcano was formed more than 2.5 million years ago. Sulfurous gases are still emitted on its eastern slopes,

  • Gora Kazbek (mountain, Georgia)

    Mount Kazbek, mountain in northern Georgia. One of the country’s highest peaks, Mount Kazbek attains an elevation of 16,512 feet (5,033 metres). It is an extinct volcano with a double conical form and lava flows up to 1,000 feet (300 metres) thick. It is covered by icefields from which rise the

  • Gora Roman-Ko? (mountain, Ukraine)

    Mount Roman-Kosh, the highest mountain on the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine, reaching a height of 5,069 feet (1,545 metres). It is situated on the most southerly coastal ridge of the three ranges that form the Crimean Mountains. It consists mainly of limestones. The lower slopes are forested, but the

  • Gora Roman-Kosh (mountain, Ukraine)

    Mount Roman-Kosh, the highest mountain on the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine, reaching a height of 5,069 feet (1,545 metres). It is situated on the most southerly coastal ridge of the three ranges that form the Crimean Mountains. It consists mainly of limestones. The lower slopes are forested, but the

  • Gorak Bani (work by Gorakhnath)

    Gorakhnath: …Gorakhnath, anthologized under the title Gorakh Bani (“Gorakh’s Utterances”), emphasizes Hatha Yoga.

  • Gorak Samhita (work by Gorakhnath)

    Gorakhnath: …to Gorakhnath under the title Gorakh Samhita (“Collections of Gorakh” [13th century?]), alongside alchemy and Hatha Yoga. Vernacular poetry attributed to Gorakhnath, anthologized under the title Gorakh Bani (“Gorakh’s Utterances”), emphasizes Hatha Yoga.

  • Gorakhnath (mountain, India)

    Gir Range: …narrow, dissected range rising to Gorakhnath (3,665 feet [1,117 metres] high; believed to be an extinct volcano) in the broad mass of the Girnar Hills. The Gir Range is covered by forests, including sal (Shorea robusta) and dhak trees. The Bhadar, Rohza, Shatarant, and Ghelo rivers flow west and east…

  • Gorakhnath (Hindu yogi)

    Gorakhnath, Hindu master yogi who is commonly regarded as the founder of the Kanphata yogis, an order of ascetics that stresses the physical and spiritual disciplines of Hatha Yoga. Hatha Yoga is a school of Indian philosophy that uses mastery of the body as the means to spiritual perfection. The

  • Gorakhnathi (Hindu ascetic)

    Kanphata Yogi, member of an order of religious ascetics in India that venerates the Hindu deity Shiva. Kanphata Yogis are distinguished by the large earrings they wear in the hollows of their ears (kanphata, “ear split”). They are sometimes referred to as Tantric (esoteric) sannyasis (ascetics),

  • Gorakhpur (India)

    Gorakhpur, city, eastern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies along the Rapti River, a tributary of the Ghaghara River, about 70 miles (110 km) east of Faizabad and some 40 miles (65 km) south of the Nepal border. Gorakhpur was founded about 1400 and named for a Hindu saint. Under the

  • Gorakshanatha (Hindu yogi)

    Gorakhnath, Hindu master yogi who is commonly regarded as the founder of the Kanphata yogis, an order of ascetics that stresses the physical and spiritual disciplines of Hatha Yoga. Hatha Yoga is a school of Indian philosophy that uses mastery of the body as the means to spiritual perfection. The

  • goral (mammal)

    Goral, (genus Naemorhedus), any of three species of small goatlike mammals (family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla) native to highlands from India and Myanmar to the Russian Far East. Gorals weigh 22–32 kg (48–70 pounds) and stand 55–80 cm (22–31 inches) at the shoulder, depending on the sex and

  • Goram Islands (islands, Indonesia)

    Ceram: …are included Ceram Laut, the Gorong (or Goram) Islands, and the Watubela group, all southeast of Ceram. None has hills of more than 1,300 feet (400 metres), and most are thickly wooded. Ceram is covered with tropical forests, the result of a hot climate and heavy rainfall, and excellent timber…

  • Goransson, Goran (Swedish ironmaster)

    Bessemer process: A Swedish ironmaster, Goran Goransson, redesigned the Bessemer furnace, or converter, making it reliable in performance. The end result was a means of mass-producing steel. The resultant volume of low-cost steel in Britain and the United States soon revolutionized building construction and provided steel to replace iron in…

  • Gorazd (bishop of Prague)

    Orthodox Church of Czechoslovakia: …of Belgrade, who consecrated Bishop Gorazd of Prague as the first independent bishop of the Czechs and established the diocese of Muka?evo (1921) for the Carpatho-Russians. In 1930 an important group of Eastern rite Catholics of Carpatho-Russia, who had left the Orthodox Church in 1643, and the clergy and laity…

  • Gora?de (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    Gora?de, town, southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Drina River. It is an industrial town surrounded by fruit-producing farmlands. The site of a munitions factory, it also was of strategic importance in 1995 during the war between Muslims and Bosnian Serbs. Gora?de developed as a stop on a

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail (president of Soviet Union)

    Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990–91. His efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich (president of Soviet Union)

    Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990–91. His efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the

  • Gorbachev, Raisa (Russian academic and public figure)

    Raisa Gorbachev, (Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko), Russian academic and de facto first lady of the Soviet Union who rejected the virtual invisibility of her predecessors and came to embody many of the social and political changes wrought by her husband, Pres. Mikhail Gorbachev; her elegant style,

  • Gorbanevskaya, Natalya (Russian poet and activist)

    Natalya Yevgenyevna Gorbanevskaya, Soviet dissident and poet (born May 26, 1936, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R., [now in Russia]—died Nov. 29, 2013, Paris, France), spent nearly two years (July 1970–February 1972) imprisoned in a psychiatric hospital after she demonstrated against the Soviet Union’s

  • Gorbanevskaya, Natalya Yevgenyevna (Russian poet and activist)

    Natalya Yevgenyevna Gorbanevskaya, Soviet dissident and poet (born May 26, 1936, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R., [now in Russia]—died Nov. 29, 2013, Paris, France), spent nearly two years (July 1970–February 1972) imprisoned in a psychiatric hospital after she demonstrated against the Soviet Union’s

  • Gorbatkov, Viktor (Soviet cosmonaut)

    Ph?m Tuan: …Soyuz 37 with Soviet cosmonaut Viktor Gorbatko. Tuan flew as a research cosmonaut on a mission that lasted nearly eight days, including six days on the Salyut 6 space station, where he conducted scientific experiments. He and Gorbatko returned aboard Soyuz 36 on July 31.

  • Gorboduc (work by Norton and Sackville)

    Gorboduc, play by Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville that takes as its subject Gorboduc, a mythical king of ancient Britain. First performed in 1561, it is the earliest English tragic play in blank verse. Norton and Sackville’s play is derived from Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae

  • Gorboduc (mythical king of Britain)

    Gorboduc, a mythical king of ancient Britain, known primarily as the subject of the earliest English tragic play in blank verse, Gorboduc, by Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, which was first performed in 1561. Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae (1135–38; History of the Kings of

  • Gorchakov, Aleksandr Mikhaylovich, Prince (Russian statesman)

    Aleksandr Mikhaylovich, Prince Gorchakov, statesman who served as Russia’s foreign minister during the quarter century following the Crimean War (1853–56), when Russia was trying to regain its stature as a powerful European nation. A cousin of the Crimean War general Mikhail Dmitriyevich Gorchakov.

  • Gorchakov, Mikhail Dmitriyevich, Prince (Russian statesman)

    Prince Mikhail Dmitriyevich Gorchakov, Russian military officer and statesman who played a major role in the Crimean War (1853–56) and served as the Russian viceroy in Poland (1856–61). Gorchakov gained his early military experience during the Russian campaign in Persia (1810), the invasion of

  • Gordan, Paul (German mathematician)

    Herbert Westren Turnbull: …mathematicians Rudolf Clebsch (1833-1872) and Paul Gordan (1837-1912). His major works include The Theory of Determinants, Matrices, and Invariants (1928), The Great Mathematicians (1929), Theory of Equations (1939), The Mathematical Discoveries of Newton (1945), and An Introduction to the Theory of Canonical Matrices (1945), which was cowritten with A.C. Aitken.…

  • Gordeeva, Yekaterina (Russian figure skater)

    Yekaterina Gordeeva and Sergey Grinkov: Gordeeva and Grinkov were teamed at age 11 and 15, respectively, and initially appeared to many critics as an awkward couple owing to a large disparity in height (Grinkov was about a foot [30 cm] taller than Gordeeva). In 1985 they proved the critics wrong…

  • Gordeeva, Yekaterina; and Grinkov, Sergey (Russian figure skaters)

    Yekaterina Gordeeva and Sergey Grinkov, Russian-born figure-skating pair who gained worldwide acclaim with four world championship titles and two Olympic gold medals. Gordeeva and Grinkov were teamed at age 11 and 15, respectively, and initially appeared to many critics as an awkward couple owing

  • Gordiacea (invertebrate)

    Horsehair worm, any of the approximately 250 to 300 species of the class Nematomorpha, or Gordiacea (phylum Aschelminthes). The young of these long, thin worms are parasitic in arthropods. The adults are free-living in the sea or in freshwater. The hairlike body sometimes grows to a length of 1 m

  • Gordian I (Roman emperor)

    Gordian I, Roman emperor for three weeks in March to April 238. Gordian was an elderly senator with a taste for literature. The Greek writer Flavius Philostratus dedicated his Lives of the Sophists to him. Early in 238, when Gordian was proconsul in Africa, a group of wealthy young landowners

  • Gordian II (Roman emperor)

    Gordian II, Roman emperor who ruled jointly for three weeks in March-April 238 with his father, Gordian I. He was killed in a battle with Capellianus, governor of

  • Gordian III (Roman emperor)

    Gordian III, Roman emperor from 238 to 244. After the deaths of the joint emperors Gordian I and Gordian II in 238, the Roman Senate proclaimed two elderly senators, Pupienus and Balbinus, joint emperors. However, the people and the Praetorian Guard in Rome distrusted the Senate’s nominees and

  • Gordian knot (proverbial term)

    Gordian knot, knot that gave its name to a proverbial term for a problem solvable only by bold action. In 333 bc, Alexander the Great, on his march through Anatolia, reached Gordium, the capital of Phrygia. There he was shown the chariot of the ancient founder of the city, Gordius, with its yoke

  • gordian worm (invertebrate)

    Horsehair worm, any of the approximately 250 to 300 species of the class Nematomorpha, or Gordiacea (phylum Aschelminthes). The young of these long, thin worms are parasitic in arthropods. The adults are free-living in the sea or in freshwater. The hairlike body sometimes grows to a length of 1 m

  • Gordillo, Francisco (Spanish commander)

    Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón: …him under the command of Francisco Gordillo made a landfall near Cape Fear, N.C., in 1522, and in 1523 Ayllón was authorized by the Holy Roman emperor Charles V (King Charles I of Spain) to explore that area, especially to find a strait to the Spice Islands. In the early…

  • Gordimer, Nadine (South African author)

    Nadine Gordimer, South African novelist and short-story writer whose major theme was exile and alienation. She received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991. Gordimer was born into a privileged white middle-class family and began reading at an early age. By the age of 9 she was writing, and she

  • Gordin, Jacob (American author)

    Yiddish literature: Yiddish theatre: Another notable playwright, Jacob Gordin, had a strong literary background in Russian and western European literature. He emigrated in 1891 from Russia to the United States, where he wrote more than 70 plays, some of which were published and some of which were successfully staged in Russian, English,…

  • gordita (Mexican corn cake)

    Gordita, a small Mexican corn cake that is fried, baked, or grilled and stuffed with various ingredients. A gordita—Spanish for “fat”—is made using masa dough, and the typical fillings include cheese, shredded meats or chicharrón (fried pork rind), mushrooms, potatoes, and refried beans. Gorditas

  • Gordium (ancient city, Turkey)

    Gordium, ancient Anatolian city, the ruins of which, along the banks of the Sakarya (ancient Sangarius) River, northwestern Turkey, have yielded important information about ancient Phrygian culture. American excavations after 1950 revealed Early Bronze Age and Hittite settlements, but the city

  • Gordius (king of Phrygia)

    Gordium: …was founded by the peasant Gordius, who contrived the knot later cut by Alexander the Great. Gordium remained the political centre of Phrygia until the Cimmerians burned the city and shattered Phrygian power in Anatolia in the early 7th century bc. Though rebuilt under the Persians, Gordium never regained its…

  • Gordo, Mount (mountain, S?o Nicolau Island, Cabo Verde)

    S?o Nicolau Island: …4,277 feet (1,304 metres) at Mount Gordo.

  • Gordola (Switzerland)

    Switzerland: Rural communities: …valley (the upper Engadin), and Gordola, at the junction of the Verzasca valley (Val Verzasca) and the Ticino River plain (near Locarno). In the Mittelland, with its abundant lakes, villages sited on deltas are especially closely related to the environment. In recent decades, towns have expanded toward each other and…

  • Gordon McLendon and KLIF

    Gordon McLendon, the Texas broadcaster who is credited (along with Todd Storz and Bill Stewart) with the creation of Top 40 radio, owned KLIF in Dallas, Texas. In 1953 he switched from live music and magazine-style programming to records and disc jockeys. By then an in-house musical ensemble had

  • Gordon Memorial College (college, Sudan)

    Sudan: The early years of British rule: …schools were established, including the Gordon Memorial College, which opened in 1902 and soon began to produce a Western-educated elite that was gradually drawn away from the traditional political and social framework.

  • Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted (television show)

    Gordon Ramsay: Two years later Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted made its debut; the TV show followed Ramsay as he traveled the world to experience different cuisines and cultures.

  • Gordon Riots (1780)

    United Kingdom: Domestic responses to the American Revolution: But the Gordon Riots of June 1780 made it certain that they would not be. In 1778 Parliament had made minor concessions to British Roman Catholics, who were excluded from civil rights. Anti-Catholic prejudice, however, had been a powerful emotion in Britain since the Reformation in the…

  • Gordon River (river, Tasmania, Australia)

    Gordon River, river in southwestern Tasmania, Australia. The Gordon River rises from Lake Richmond in the King William Range of the central highlands and flows southeast around a great bend to the southwest and finally northwest to enter the Indian Ocean at Macquarie Harbour after a course of 115

  • Gordon setter (breed of dog)

    Gordon setter, breed of sporting dog dating from 17th-century Scotland, named for the duke of Gordon, whose kennels brought the breed to prominence. Like the other setters, its function is to search for game and indicate its presence to the hunter. The Gordon setter stands 23 to 27 inches (58 to 69

  • Gordon Walker, Patrick Chrestien (British politician)

    Patrick Chrestien Gordon Walker, British politician who was foreign secretary (1964–65) in Harold Wilson’s Labour government. Gordon Walker was elected to Parliament in 1945 for Smethwick and two years later appointed undersecretary of state for Commonwealth relations. His skillful handling of

  • Gordon, Aaron David (Russian author and philosopher)

    Aaron David Gordon, Zionist writer and philosopher who inculcated the idea of a return of Jews to Palestine as agriculturists. After working for some 20 years as a minor official for the estate of Baron Horace Günzburg, a wealthy Russian Jew, Gordon, who was an ardent Zionist, set a personal

  • Gordon, Adam Lindsay (Australian author)

    Adam Lindsay Gordon, one of the first poets to write in a distinctly Australian idiom. The son of a retired military officer, Gordon was so wild as a youth that his father sent him from England to South Australia, where he became a horsebreaker and gained a reputation as a fine steeplechase rider.

  • Gordon, Anna Adams (American social reformer)

    Anna Adams Gordon, American social reformer who was a strong and effective force in the American temperance movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Gordon studied at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (now Mount Holyoke College) in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and at Lasell Seminary in

  • Gordon, Beate Sirota (American cultural ambassador)

    Beate Sirota Gordon, American cultural ambassador (born Oct. 25, 1923, Vienna, Austria—died Dec. 30, 2012, New York, N.Y.), was celebrated as a feminist icon for her leading role in securing rights for women in the 1947 Japanese constitution. At age five Sirota moved with her Russian-born parents

  • Gordon, Catherine (Scottish heiress)

    Lord Byron: Life and career: …Byron and his second wife, Catherine Gordon, a Scots heiress. After her husband had squandered most of her fortune, Mrs. Byron took her infant son to Aberdeen, Scotland, where they lived in lodgings on a meagre income; the captain died in France in 1791. George Gordon Byron had been born…

  • Gordon, Charles George (British general)

    Charles George Gordon, British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. During the Crimean War (1853–56) he

  • Gordon, Charles William (Canadian minister and author)

    Ralph Connor, Canadian Presbyterian minister and writer of numerous popular novels that combine religious messages, wholesome sentiment, and adventure. Ordained in 1890, Gordon became a missionary to mining and lumber camps in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, and from this experience and memories of

  • Gordon, Dexter (American musician)

    Dexter Gordon, American bop tenor saxophonist. As a youth Gordon played the clarinet and alto saxophone, but the improvising of Lester Young inspired him to play the tenor saxophone exclusively. He gained early experience in bands led by Louis Armstrong, Lionel Hampton, Billy Eckstine, and alto

  • Gordon, Dexter Keith (American musician)

    Dexter Gordon, American bop tenor saxophonist. As a youth Gordon played the clarinet and alto saxophone, but the improvising of Lester Young inspired him to play the tenor saxophone exclusively. He gained early experience in bands led by Louis Armstrong, Lionel Hampton, Billy Eckstine, and alto

  • Gordon, G. W. (Jamaican rebel)

    Jamaica: Exports and internal strife: …his alleged coconspirator, assembly member George William Gordon. Many West Indians applauded Eyre’s actions, but amid public outcries and an official investigation in Britain he was recalled and dismissed from his position.

  • Gordon, Gale (American actor)

    radio: Origins in vaudeville: Gale Gordon, later a popular supporting actor on many radio shows of the 1940s, recalled making his debut over the air on KFWB in 1926:

  • Gordon, George (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th earl of Aberdeen, British foreign secretary and prime minister (1852–55) whose government involved Great Britain in the Crimean War against Russia (1853–56). Orphaned at age 11, George Gordon (who added his deceased first wife’s family name to his own surname in 1818)

  • Gordon, Irving (American composer)

    Irving Gordon, U.S. songwriter who won a Grammy award in 1992 for "Unforgettable" after Nat King Cole’s daughter Natalie recorded a new version of the song, a digital duet with her late father; he was the lyricist for "Prelude to a Kiss," the composer of such songs as "Me, Myself and I" and "What

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