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  • John the Posthumous (king of France)

    John I, king of France, the posthumous son of Louis X of France by his second consort, Clémence of Hungary. He died just a few days after his birth but is nevertheless reckoned among the kings of France. His uncle, who succeeded him as Philip V, has been accused of having caused his death, or of

  • John the Redhead (duke of Brittany)

    John I, duke of Brittany (from 1237), son of Peter I. Like his father, he sought to limit the temporal power of the clergy; consequently he was excommunicated, upon which he journeyed to Rome to win absolution. Subsequently, he and his wife, Blanche of Champagne, traveled with St. Louis on the

  • John the Scot (Irish philosopher)

    John Scotus Erigena, theologian, translator, and commentator on several earlier authors in works centring on the integration of Greek and Neoplatonist philosophy with Christian belief. From about 845, Erigena lived at the court of the West Frankish king Charles II the Bald, near Laon (now in

  • John the Steadfast (elector of Saxony)

    John, elector of Saxony and a fervent supporter of Martin Luther; he took a leading part in forming alliances among Germany’s Protestant princes against the Habsburg emperors’ attempts at forced reconversion. After his father’s death in 1486, John ruled the lands of the Ernestine branch of the W

  • John the Terrible (prince of Moldavia)

    Moldavia: , when John the Terrible (reigned 1572–74) rebelled against a demand for higher tribute payments; when Michael the Brave, prince of Walachia, united his principality with Moldavia and Transylvania in 1600; and when Moldavia recognized Polish suzerainty (1601–18). The Turks dominated Moldavia’s markets and often had a…

  • John the Valiant (duke of Brittany [1340–1399])

    John IV (or V), duke of Brittany from 1365, whose support for English interests during the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453) nearly cost him the forfeit of his duchy to the French crown. The instability of his reign is attributable not only to his alliances with England but also to his imposition of

  • John the Wise (duke of Brittany [1389-1442])

    John V (or VI), duke of Brittany from 1399, whose clever reversals in the Hundred Years’ War and in French domestic conflicts served to strengthen his duchy. John was on good terms with Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy, who was his guardian. He began to favour the Armagnac faction in the French

  • John V (pope)

    John V, pope from July 23, 685, to Aug. 2, 686. As deacon, John was one of Pope St. Agatho’s legates to the sixth ecumenical council at Constantinople (680–681), which condemned the monothelite heresy (the view that Christ had only one will—i.e., divine). He succeeded Pope St. Benedict II and was

  • John V (king of Portugal)

    John V, king of Portugal from 1706 to 1750, whose relatively peaceful reign saw an increase in the wealth and power of the crown and a generous patronage of learning, culture, and the church. John inherited Portugal’s involvement in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) from his father, Peter

  • John V (duke of Brittany [1389-1442])

    John V (or VI), duke of Brittany from 1399, whose clever reversals in the Hundred Years’ War and in French domestic conflicts served to strengthen his duchy. John was on good terms with Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy, who was his guardian. He began to favour the Armagnac faction in the French

  • John V (duke of Brittany [1340–1399])

    John IV (or V), duke of Brittany from 1365, whose support for English interests during the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453) nearly cost him the forfeit of his duchy to the French crown. The instability of his reign is attributable not only to his alliances with England but also to his imposition of

  • John V Palaeologus (Byzantine emperor)

    John V Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor (1341–91) whose rule was marked by civil war and increased domination by the Ottoman Turks, despite his efforts to salvage the empire. Nine years old when his father, Andronicus III, died, John was too young to rule, and a dispute over the regency broke out

  • John VI (king of Portugal)

    John VI, prince regent of Portugal from 1799 to 1816 and king from 1816 to 1826, whose reign saw the revolutionary struggle in France, the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal (during which he established his court in Brazil), and the implantation of representative government in both Portugal and

  • John VI (duke of Brittany [1389-1442])

    John V (or VI), duke of Brittany from 1399, whose clever reversals in the Hundred Years’ War and in French domestic conflicts served to strengthen his duchy. John was on good terms with Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy, who was his guardian. He began to favour the Armagnac faction in the French

  • John VI (pope)

    John VI, pope from 701 to 705. John was consecrated on Oct. 3, 701. When the Byzantine commander Theophylactus invaded the Italian mainland from Sicily, John protected him from the local reaction; and when Gisulfo, the Lombard duke of Benevento, crossed the southern frontier of Roman territory,

  • John VI Cantacuzenus (Byzantine emperor)

    John VI Cantacuzenus, statesman, Byzantine emperor, and historian whose dispute with John V Palaeologus over the imperial throne induced him to appeal for help to the Turks, aiding them in their conquest of the Byzantine Empire. John was chief adviser to Andronicus III Palaeologus, having helped

  • John VI Draskhanakertzi (Armenian clergyman)

    Armenian literature: Medieval decline: …Armenia by the catholicos (patriarch) John VI Draskhanakertzi is of great value for its account of Arab relations with Armenia, for the author was himself an important participant in the later events he describes. At the turn of the 10th to the 11th century, Bishop Ukhtanes wrote History of Armenia…

  • John VII (pope)

    John VII, pope from 705 to 707. Elected March 1, 705, John was noted for his devotion to the Virgin Mary and for his energetic restoration of Roman churches. John did not recognize the decrees of the Council of Trullo (Constantinople, 692), submitted by the Byzantine emperor Justinian II, which

  • John VII Palaeologus (Byzantine emperor)

    John VII Palaeologus , Byzantine emperor who reigned for several months in 1390 by seizing control of Constantinople from his grandfather, the emperor John V Palaeologus. From 1399 to 1403 he acted as regent for John V’s successor, Manuel II, at Constantinople while Manuel journeyed to the West to

  • John VII Palaiologos (Byzantine emperor)

    John VII Palaeologus , Byzantine emperor who reigned for several months in 1390 by seizing control of Constantinople from his grandfather, the emperor John V Palaeologus. From 1399 to 1403 he acted as regent for John V’s successor, Manuel II, at Constantinople while Manuel journeyed to the West to

  • John VIII (legendary pope)

    Pope Joan, legendary female pontiff who supposedly reigned, under the title of John VIII, for slightly more than 25 months, from 855 to 858, between the pontificates of St. Leo IV (847–855) and Benedict III (855–858). It has subsequently been proved that a gap of only a few weeks fell between Leo

  • John VIII (pope)

    John VIII, pope from 872 to 882. John was a deacon of the Roman church when elected on Dec. 14, 872, to succeed Pope Adrian II. He supported archbishop St. Methodius in the Christianization of the Slavs and sanctioned the use of the Slavic language for the liturgy. To unite southern Italy against

  • John VIII Palaeologus (Byzantine emperor)

    John VIII Palaeologus , Byzantine emperor who spent his reign appealing to the West for help against the final assaults by the Ottoman Turks on the Byzantine Empire. Son of Manuel II Palaeologus, John was crowned coemperor with his father in 1408 and took effective rule in 1421. He was sole emperor

  • John VIII Palaiologos (Byzantine emperor)

    John VIII Palaeologus , Byzantine emperor who spent his reign appealing to the West for help against the final assaults by the Ottoman Turks on the Byzantine Empire. Son of Manuel II Palaeologus, John was crowned coemperor with his father in 1408 and took effective rule in 1421. He was sole emperor

  • John Walker’s Blues (song by Earle)

    Steve Earle: …that features the controversial “John Walker’s Blues,” an empathetic consideration of John Walker Lindh, the “American Taliban.” The similarly political The Revolution Starts…Now (2004) won a Grammy Award (best contemporary folk album) in 2005, and Washington Square Serenade (2007), Earle’s romantic confessional collaboration with his sixth wife, singer

  • John Ward, Preacher (work by Deland)

    Margaret Deland: …she published her first novel, John Ward, Preacher, which deals with religious and social questions after the manner of the British writer Mrs. Humphry Ward. The book stirred public opinion against its supposed irreligion, portraying the irreconcilable and destructive conflict between a Calvinist minister and his wife, who cannot accept…

  • John Wesley Harding (album by Dylan)

    Bob Dylan: …of new Dylan songs titled John Wesley Harding. At least partly because of public curiosity about Dylan’s seclusion, it reached number two on the Billboard album chart (eight places higher than Bob Dylan’s Greatest Hits, released in 1967).

  • John Wick: Chapter 2 (film by Stahelski [2017])

    Laurence Fishburne: …lord in the action thriller John Wick: Chapter 2; he reprised the role in the 2019 sequel. He played a Vietnam War veteran helping his old war buddy bury his son, a marine killed in the Iraq War, in Last Flag Flying (2017). Fishburne returned to superhero movies in 2018…

  • John Wick: Chapter 3—Parabellum (film by Stahelski [2019])

    Halle Berry: …cast in the action thriller John Wick: Chapter 3—Parabellum (2019).

  • John William Friso (prince of Orange)

    John William Friso, Dutch prince of Nassau-Dietz and of Orange and stadtholder of the provinces of Friesland and Groningen, whose rejection as stadtholder by five of the seven Dutch provinces in 1702 marked the return to political supremacy of the States General (national assembly). The son of

  • John X (pope)

    John X, pope from 914 to 928. He was archbishop of Ravenna (c. 905–914) when chosen to succeed Pope Lando about March 914. John approved the severe rule of the newly founded Benedictine order of Cluny. To drive the Saracens (Muslim enemies) from southern Italy, John allied with the Byzantine

  • John XI (pope)

    John XI, pope from 931 to late 935 or early 936. He was the son of Marozia (dominant lady of the Roman Crescentii family) perhaps by her reputed lover, Pope Sergius III. John was consecrated in February/March 931. He served his mother’s political ends until 932/933, when his half-brother Alberic II

  • John XI Becchus (patriarch of Constantinople)

    John XI Becchus, Greek Orthodox patriarch of Constantinople (1275–82) and leading Byzantine proponent of reunion between the Greek and Roman churches. As archivist and assistant chancellor to Constantinople’s anti-unionist patriarch Arsenius (1255–65), Becchus at first opposed union with Rome,

  • John XII (pope)

    John XII, pope from 955 to 964. He was the only son of Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, then ruler of Rome, who ordered Octavian’s election (Dec. 16, 955) as pope when he was only about 18 years of age. The young pope changed his name to John (becoming only the second pope in history to change his

  • John XIII (pope)

    John XIII, pope from 965 to 972. He was bishop of Narni, Papal States, when chosen pope on Oct. 1, 965, by Emperor Otto I, and as pope he strongly supported Otto’s ecclesiastical and political policies. Although John was a pious and learned man, the Roman nobles opposed Otto’s choice and kidnapped

  • John XIV (pope)

    John XIV, pope from 983 to 984. He was bishop of Pavia when chosen pope in November/December 983 by the Holy Roman emperor Otto II without the consultation of either the clergy or the people of Rome. His election was opposed by the powerful Roman Crescentii family, which supported Antipope Boniface

  • John XIX (pope [1004-1009])

    John XVIII (or XIX), pope from 1003 to 1009. Like his predecessor, Pope John XVII, his election was influenced by the Roman patrician John Crescentius III. More independent of the powerful Italian Crescentii family than John XVII, he eventually abdicated for unknown reasons and died shortly

  • John XIX (pope [1024-1032])

    John XIX, pope from 1024 to 1032. A member of the Tusculani family that followed the powerful Crescentii as rulers of Rome, he was a layman when he succeeded his brother Pope Benedict VIII in April/May 1024; he was accused of obtaining the office through bribery. On Easter 1027 he crowned as Holy

  • John XV (pope [986-996])

    John XV (or XVI), pope from 985 to 996, who carried out the first solemn canonization in history by papal decree. His election, August 985, came during one of the darkest periods in papal history, shadowed by the murders of the popes Benedict VI and John XIV by the antipope Boniface VII. Boniface

  • John XVI (pope [986-996])

    John XV (or XVI), pope from 985 to 996, who carried out the first solemn canonization in history by papal decree. His election, August 985, came during one of the darkest periods in papal history, shadowed by the murders of the popes Benedict VI and John XIV by the antipope Boniface VII. Boniface

  • John XVI (antipope [997-998])

    John XVI, antipope from 997 to 998. A monk of Greek descent whom the Holy Roman emperor Otto II named abbot of the monastery of Nonantola, Italy, he attained an influential position at the court of Otto’s widow, the empress Theophano. In 988 Theophano made John bishop of Piacenza, Italy, later

  • John XVII (pope [1003])

    John (XVII), pope from June to December 1003. Chosen by the patrician John Crescentius III, he succeeded Pope Sylvester II. John was merely a puppet of his relatives the Crescentii, then the most influential family in Rome. He approved an evangelical mission to the

  • John XVIII (pope [1004-1009])

    John XVIII (or XIX), pope from 1003 to 1009. Like his predecessor, Pope John XVII, his election was influenced by the Roman patrician John Crescentius III. More independent of the powerful Italian Crescentii family than John XVII, he eventually abdicated for unknown reasons and died shortly

  • John XX (nonexistent pope)

    John (XX), nonexistent pope. A confusion in the numbering of popes named John after John XIV resulted because Marianus Scotus and other 11th-century historians mistakenly believed that there had been a pope named John between antipope Boniface VII and the true John XV. Therefore they mistakenly

  • John XXI (pope)

    John XXI, pope from 1276 to 1277, one of the most scholarly pontiffs in papal history. Educated at the University of Paris (c.. 1228–35), where he received his master’s degree c. 1240, John taught medicine at the new University of Siena, Italy. In 1272 Pope Gregory X, who made John his personal

  • John XXII (pope)

    John XXII, second Avignon pope (reigned 1316–34), who centralized church administration, condemned the Spiritual Franciscans, expanded papal control over the appointment of bishops, and, against Emperor Louis IV, upheld papal authority over imperial elections. Born of a wealthy bourgeois family at

  • John XXIII (antipope)

    John (XXIII), schismatic antipope from 1410 to 1415. After receiving his doctorate of law at Bologna, Cossa entered the Curia during the Western Schism, when the papacy suffered from rival claimants (1378–1417) to the throne of St. Peter. Pope Boniface IX made him cardinal in 1402. From 1403 to 1

  • John XXIII, Saint (pope)

    Saint John XXIII, ; canonized April 27, 2014; feast day October 11), one of the most popular popes of all time (reigned 1958–63), who inaugurated a new era in the history of the Roman Catholic Church by his openness to change (aggiornamento), shown especially in his convoking of the Second Vatican

  • John’s cabbage (plant)

    waterleaf: 5-foot-) tall Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum), with five- to seven-lobed leaves; it is also called Shawnee salad and John’s cabbage in reference to the edible tender young shoots. The large-leaved waterleaf (H. macrophyllum) is similar to the Virginia waterleaf but is rough and hairy and about 60…

  • John, Acts of (New Testament Apocrypha)

    Acts of John, an apocryphal (noncanonical and unauthentic) Christian writing, composed about ad 180, purporting to be an account of the travels and miracles of St. John the Evangelist. Photius, the 9th-century patriarch of Constantinople, identified the author of the Acts of John as Leucius

  • John, Apocryphon of (Coptic work)

    gnosticism: Apocryphon of John: Until the 20th century the works of Irenaeus and other heresiologists (orthodox Christian writers who described unorthodox groups) were the principal sources of information about gnostic movements. Only a handful of manuscripts containing the authentic writings of such groups were known; they…

  • John, Augustus (Welsh painter)

    Augustus John, Welsh painter who was an accomplished portraitist, muralist, and draughtsman. John studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in London from 1894 to 1898. By age 20 he had won a reputation as one of the most brilliant draughtsmen in England. His portraits and other paintings done around

  • John, Augustus Edwin (Welsh painter)

    Augustus John, Welsh painter who was an accomplished portraitist, muralist, and draughtsman. John studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in London from 1894 to 1898. By age 20 he had won a reputation as one of the most brilliant draughtsmen in England. His portraits and other paintings done around

  • John, Dom (king of Portugal)

    John VI, prince regent of Portugal from 1799 to 1816 and king from 1816 to 1826, whose reign saw the revolutionary struggle in France, the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal (during which he established his court in Brazil), and the implantation of representative government in both Portugal and

  • John, Don (fictional character)

    Much Ado About Nothing: …is deceived by the jealous Don John into believing that Hero is prepared to abandon him for Claudio’s friend and mentor, Don Pedro. This malicious fiction is soon dispelled, but Claudio seems not to have learned his lesson; he believes Don John a second time, and on a much more…

  • John, Elton (British musician)

    Elton John, British singer, composer, and pianist who was one of the most popular entertainers of the late 20th century. He fused as many strands of popular music and stylistic showmanship as Elvis Presley in a concert and recording career that included the sale of hundreds of millions of records.

  • John, Errol (British actor and playwright)

    Errol John, Trinidadian-born actor and playwright who wrote Moon on a Rainbow Shawl (1958), for which he won The Observer’s prize for best new playwright in 1957 and a Guggenheim fellowship in 1958. John, a founding member of the Whitehall Players in Port of Spain, pursued his acting career from

  • John, Gospel According to (New Testament)

    Gospel According to John, fourth of the four New Testament narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ. John’s is the only one of the four not considered among the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., those presenting a common view). Although the Gospel is ostensibly written by St. John the

  • John, Gwen (Welsh painter)

    Gwen John, Welsh painter who was known for her self-portraits, quiet domestic interiors, and portraits of other women and who was until the late 20th century all but lost to history. After the death of her mother, an amateur painter, in 1884, John and her three siblings and father moved to the

  • John, Gwendolyn Mary (Welsh painter)

    Gwen John, Welsh painter who was known for her self-portraits, quiet domestic interiors, and portraits of other women and who was until the late 20th century all but lost to history. After the death of her mother, an amateur painter, in 1884, John and her three siblings and father moved to the

  • John, letters of (New Testament)

    Letters of John, three New Testament writings, all composed sometime around ad 100 and traditionally attributed to John the Evangelist, son of Zebedee and disciple of Jesus. The author of the first letter is not identified, but the writer of the second and third calls himself “presbyter” (elder).

  • John, Little Willie (American singer)

    Little Willie John, rhythm-and-blues singer of the 1950s whose vocal style anticipated soul music. John grew up in Detroit, Michigan, sang gospel music, and at age 16 began recording rhythm and blues for King Records. He introduced “Fever” (1956), which became a standard; “Talk to Me, Talk to Me”

  • John, Patrick Roland (prime minister of Dominica)

    Dominica: Independence: …Dominica achieved full independence, with Patrick Roland John as its first prime minister. John’s government was implicated in a number of questionable dealings, including a scheme to lease land to a firm allegedly planning to supply petroleum illegally to South Africa, which was then under an international trade embargo because…

  • John, Revelation to (New Testament)

    Revelation to John, last book of the New Testament. It is the only book of the New Testament classified as apocalyptic literature rather than didactic or historical, indicating thereby its extensive use of visions, symbols, and allegory, especially in connection with future events. Revelation to

  • John, Saint (Christian Apostle)

    St. John the Apostle, ; Western feast day December 27; Eastern feast days May 8 and September 26), in Christian tradition, an apostle of Jesus and the author of three letters, the Fourth Gospel, and possibly the Revelation to John in the New Testament. He played a leading role in the early church

  • John, Sir Elton Hercules (British musician)

    Elton John, British singer, composer, and pianist who was one of the most popular entertainers of the late 20th century. He fused as many strands of popular music and stylistic showmanship as Elvis Presley in a concert and recording career that included the sale of hundreds of millions of records.

  • John, William Edgar (American singer)

    Little Willie John, rhythm-and-blues singer of the 1950s whose vocal style anticipated soul music. John grew up in Detroit, Michigan, sang gospel music, and at age 16 began recording rhythm and blues for King Records. He introduced “Fever” (1956), which became a standard; “Talk to Me, Talk to Me”

  • Johne’s disease (livestock disease)

    Johne’s disease, serious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis. Although principally a disease of cattle, it can affect sheep, deer, and goats, and it occurs worldwide. Cows may not show signs of the disease for as long as a year after exposure to it. Chronic diarrhea

  • Johnno (novel by Malouf)

    David Malouf: …first novel was the autobiographical Johnno (1975), set in Brisbane during World War II. An Imaginary Life (1978) re-creates the final years of the Roman poet Ovid. Child’s Play (1981) concerns the metaphysical relationship between a professional assassin and his intended victim. The novella Fly Away Peter (1982) is set…

  • Johnny Apollo (film by Hathaway [1940])

    Henry Hathaway: Early work: Johnny Apollo (1940) offered a less-exotic locale, but Hathaway turned this familiar saga of a good man (played by Tyrone Power) gone wrong into one of the year’s better crime pictures. Power returned for Brigham Young (1940), a biopic about the Mormon leader.

  • Johnny B. Goode (song by Berry)

    Chuck Berry: …came when his song “Johnny B. Goode” was among the pieces of music placed on a gold-plated copper phonograph record that was attached to the side of the Voyager 1 space probe and sent hurtling through outer space in order to give distant or future civilizations a chance to…

  • Johnny Belinda (film by Negulesco [1948])

    Jean Negulesco: Film noirs and Johnny Belinda: …next film, the 1948 drama Johnny Belinda, was perhaps his greatest triumph. It starred Jane Wyman in an Oscar-winning performance as a deaf Canadian farm girl who is raped, finds she is pregnant, and bonds with a sensitive doctor (Lew Ayres). A major box-office success, the film was nominated for…

  • Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison (album by Cash)

    Johnny Cash: …Cash’s turnaround was the album Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison (1968), which was recorded live in front of an audience of some 2,000 inmates at California’s Folsom Prison. The performance was regarded as a risky move by record company executives, but it proved to be the perfect opportunity for Cash…

  • Johnny Cash at San Quentin (album by Cash)

    Johnny Cash: …that album and its follow-up, Johnny Cash at San Quentin (1969), to focus attention on the living conditions of inmates in American prisons, and he became a vocal champion for penal reform and social justice. Live appearances in New York and London and his television show,“The Johnny Cash Show” (1969–71),…

  • Johnny Cash Show, The (American television program)

    Maybelle Carter: …regularly on television on the Johnny Cash Show and to perform to appreciative audiences across the country and in Europe. She was one of the esteemed elder traditional country musicians who performed with the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on the breakthrough crossover album Will the Circle Be Unbroken (1973).

  • Johnny Dangerously (film by Heckerling [1984])

    Michael Keaton: Mom (1983), Johnny Dangerously (1984), Gung Ho (1986), and the Tim Burton horror-comedy Beetlejuice (1988), in which Keaton appeared in the title role as an obnoxious, mischievous ghost.

  • Johnny Eager (film by LeRoy [1942])

    Lana Turner: … (1942) and Robert Taylor in Johnny Eager (1942). Her most memorable role, however, was that of a murderous adulteress in the film noir classic The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946). Her later box office hits included Vincente Minnelli’s The Bad and the Beautiful (1952); Mark Robson’s

  • Johnny English Strikes Again (film by Kerr [2018])

    Rowan Atkinson: …Johnny English Reborn (2011) and Johnny English Strikes Again (2018). He also appeared in the popular romantic comedy Love Actually (2003).

  • Johnny Guitar (film by Ray [1954])

    Nicholas Ray: Films of the early 1950s: …project, the perverse Freudian western Johnny Guitar (1954), which some film historians have seen as a commentary on the Joseph McCarthy era of anticommunist hysteria. Shot in highly saturated Trucolor and awash in the sort of hand-wringing melodrama that became Ray’s calling card, Johnny Guitar featured Joan Crawford as a…

  • Johnny Johnson (play by Green)

    Kurt Weill: for plays, including Paul Green’s Johnny Johnson (1936) and Franz Werfel’s Eternal Road (1937). His operetta Knickerbocker Holiday appeared in 1938 with a libretto by Maxwell Anderson, followed by the musical play Lady in the Dark (1941; libretto and lyrics by Moss Hart and

  • Johnny Mnemonic (story by Gibson)

    William Gibson: …of Gibson’s early stories, including Johnny Mnemonic (1981; film 1995) and Burning Chrome (1982), were published in Omni magazine. With the publication of his first novel, Neuromancer (1984), Gibson emerged as a leading exponent of cyberpunk, a new school of science-fiction writing. Cyberpunk combines a cynical, tough “punk” sensibility with…

  • Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams (work by Plath)

    Sylvia Plath: Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams, a book of short stories and prose, was published in 1977.

  • Johnny Stecchino (film by Benigni [1991])

    Roberto Benigni: …as director, writer, and actor, Johnny Stecchino (1991), a Mafia farce, set box-office records in Italy.

  • Johnny Storm (comic-book character)

    Human Torch, fictional superhero. Human Torch was one of the “big three” heroes of Marvel (then known as Timely) Comics, along with Captain America and the Sub-Mariner—and one of the most popular Marvel superheroes of the 1940s. Like the Sub-Mariner, he was first seen on the newsstands in Marvel

  • Johnny Strikes up the Band! (opera by Krenek)

    Ernst Krenek: …opera Jonny Spielt Auf! (1927; Johnny Strikes up the Band!), a work written in an idiom that mixed Expressionist dissonance with jazz influences and strove to reflect modern life in the 1920s. After a period in which he espoused the Romanticism of Franz Schubert, he began in the 1930s to…

  • Johnny Tremain (novel by Forbes)

    children's literature: Contemporary times: Johnny Tremain (1943), by Esther Forbes, a beautifully written, richly detailed story of the Revolution, stood out as one of the few high points, as did The Innocent Wayfaring (1943), a tale of Chaucer’s England by the equally scholarly Marchette Chute. Poetry for children had…

  • Johnny Tremain (film by Stevenson [1957])

    Robert Stevenson: Films for Disney: First was Johnny Tremain (1957), an adaptation of Esther Forbes’s novel about a youth’s adventures during the American Revolution. Later in 1957 came Old Yeller, a heartbreaking drama based on Fred Gipson’s book about a boy (Tommy Kirk) and his dog in 1850s Texas; his parents were…

  • Johnny U (American football player)

    Johnny Unitas, American professional gridiron football player who is considered to be one of the all-time greatest National Football League (NFL) quarterbacks. Unitas excelled in football at St. Justin’s High School in Pittsburgh, but his slight stature (he weighed only 145 pounds [66 kg])

  • Johnny’s Greatest Hits (album by Mathis)

    Johnny Mathis: …additional success with the albums Johnny’s Greatest Hits (1958)—believed to be the first-ever compilation of an artist’s previously released hit singles—and the holiday-themed Merry Christmas (1958), both of which sold steadily for years after their release. In the late 1950s he also recorded songs for several movies.

  • johnny-jump-up (plant)

    pansy: The wild pansy, also known as johnny-jump-up, heartsease, and love-in-idleness, has been widely naturalized in North America. The flowers of this form are usually purple and yellow and less than 2 cm (0.8 inch) across.

  • johnnycake (food)

    cornbread: Johnnycakes and corn pone are somewhat thicker cakes that may have added ingredients such as fat or wheat flour. Spoonbread, a misnomer, actually denotes a cornmeal pudding. The usual Southern cornbread is made from a batter containing cornmeal, wheat flour, eggs, milk or buttermilk, and…

  • Johnnycake (Maryland, United States)

    Catonsville, village, Baltimore county, north-central Maryland, U.S., a southwestern suburb of Baltimore. It was founded before 1729 and was known as Johnnycake for a local inn specializing in that type of cornbread. The present name, honouring Richard Caton (who had an estate there in the late

  • Johns Hopkins Perceptual Test (psychology)

    intelligence test: One such test, the Johns Hopkins Perceptual Test, developed by Leon Rosenberg in the early 1960s to measure the intelligence of preschool children, has a child try to match random forms (ordinary geometric forms, such as circles, squares, and triangles, are avoided because some children may be more familiar…

  • Johns Hopkins University (university, Baltimore, Maryland, United States)

    Johns Hopkins University, privately controlled institution of higher learning in Baltimore, Md., U.S. Based on the German university model, which emphasized specialized training and research, it opened primarily as a graduate school for men in 1876 with an endowment from Johns Hopkins, a Baltimore

  • Johns, Glynis (American actress)

    Mary Poppins: Cast:

  • Johns, Hugh (British television sports commentator)

    Hugh Johns, (Hugh Richard Lewis Johns), British television sports commentator (born Sept. 6, 1922, Wantage, Berkshire [now in Oxfordshire], Eng.—died June 27, 2007, Cardiff, Wales), was the voice of ITV’s Midlands regional association football (soccer) broadcasts in the 1960s and ’70s. Between 1963

  • Johns, Hugh Richard Lewis (British television sports commentator)

    Hugh Johns, (Hugh Richard Lewis Johns), British television sports commentator (born Sept. 6, 1922, Wantage, Berkshire [now in Oxfordshire], Eng.—died June 27, 2007, Cardiff, Wales), was the voice of ITV’s Midlands regional association football (soccer) broadcasts in the 1960s and ’70s. Between 1963

  • Johns, Jasper (American painter)

    Jasper Johns, American painter and graphic artist who is generally associated with the Pop art movement. Johns studied briefly (1947–48) at the University of South Carolina at Columbia and then moved to New York City to pursue a career as an artist. In 1954 he became friends with Robert

  • Johns, Mervyn (Welsh actor)

    Dead of Night: …architect Walter Craig (played by Mervyn Johns) being summoned to a country house on the pretense of acquiring work. Once there he meets several guests, all of whom are familiar to him because of their strange appearance in a recurring dream he has experienced. Each guest then entertains the group…

  • Johnson & Johnson (American company)

    Robert Wood Johnson: …the now well-known company of Johnson &amp; Johnson with his brothers James and Edward. The company became known for its high-quality, inexpensive medical supplies and dressings. Johnson held the title of president from the time of the company’s founding until his death in 1910.

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