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  • Johnson Act (United States [1934])

    history of Europe: The impact of the slump: …the United States passed the Johnson Act, forbidding even private loans to countries that had not paid their war debts.

  • Johnson City (Tennessee, United States)

    Johnson City, city, Washington county, northeastern Tennessee, U.S. It lies in a valley in the southern Appalachian Mountains, about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Knoxville and just west of Elizabethton. The area was settled in the 1760s. Originally a part of North Carolina, it was included in

  • Johnson City (Texas, United States)

    Johnson City, city, seat (1890) of Blanco county, south-central Texas, U.S., 40 miles (64 km) west of Austin. The hometown of President Lyndon B. Johnson, it was founded in 1879 by James Polk Johnson, a forebear of the president. Located in the scenic hills of the Pedernales River valley, it is a

  • Johnson noise (electronics)

    Harry Nyquist: …explanation of the unexpectedly strong thermal noise studied by J.B. Johnson. The understanding of noise is of critical importance for communications systems. Thermal noise is sometimes called Johnson noise or Nyquist noise because of their pioneering work in this field.

  • Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen (president of Liberia)

    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian politician and economist who was president of Liberia (2006–18). She was the first woman to be elected head of state of an African country. Johnson Sirleaf was one of three recipients, along with Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karmān, of the 2011 Nobel Prize for Peace

  • Johnson Space Center (Houston, Texas, United States)

    Houston: History: …Manned Spacecraft Center (renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1973), the command post for flights by U.S. astronauts, was opened near Clear Lake, about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of downtown, making Houston a focus of the nation’s space program. Houston experienced an economic boom in the 1970s…

  • Johnson v. Eisentrager (law case)

    Johnson v. Eisentrager, U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court ruled in 1950 that nonresident enemy aliens do not have the legal right to petition U.S. courts for writs of habeas corpus—a prisoner’s petition requesting that the court determine the legality of his or her incarceration. This

  • Johnson v. M’Intosh (law case)

    Native American: Removal of the eastern nations: In Johnson v. M’Intosh (1823), the court ruled that European doctrine gave a “discovering” (e.g., colonial) power and its successors the exclusive right to purchase land from aboriginal nations. This ruling removed control of land transactions from the tribes, which had previously been able to sell…

  • Johnson van Ceulen, Cornelis (English painter)

    Cornelius Johnson, Baroque painter, considered the most important native English portraitist of the early 17th century. Johnson was the son of Dutch parents living in London. He was patronized by James I and Charles I but seems to have lost his popularity with the court when Van Dyck went to

  • Johnson’s Depot (Tennessee, United States)

    Johnson City, city, Washington county, northeastern Tennessee, U.S. It lies in a valley in the southern Appalachian Mountains, about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Knoxville and just west of Elizabethton. The area was settled in the 1760s. Originally a part of North Carolina, it was included in

  • Johnson, Alan (British politician)

    Alan Johnson, British Labour Party politician who served as secretary of state for health (2007–09) and home secretary (2009–10) in the cabinet of Prime Minister Gordon Brown. Orphaned at age 12, Johnson was raised by his older sister in a government housing project. He left school at 15 to work as

  • Johnson, Alan Arthur (British politician)

    Alan Johnson, British Labour Party politician who served as secretary of state for health (2007–09) and home secretary (2009–10) in the cabinet of Prime Minister Gordon Brown. Orphaned at age 12, Johnson was raised by his older sister in a government housing project. He left school at 15 to work as

  • Johnson, Albert (American stage designer)

    theatre: Developments in the United States: …was replaced by that of Albert Johnson—a style characterized by loose colour and calligraphic line that went well with the sharp revues that prevailed until World War II. In staging musicals, a peculiar division persisted between the direction of the plot and comedy segments and that of the production numbers—the…

  • Johnson, Alexander Boris de Pfeffel (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Boris Johnson, American-born British journalist and Conservative Party politician who became prime minister of the United Kingdom in July 2019. Earlier he served as the second elected mayor of London (2008–16) and as secretary of state for foreign affairs (2016–18) under Prime Minister Theresa May.

  • Johnson, Alexander Bryan (American philosopher and semanticist)

    Alexander Bryan Johnson, British-born American philosopher and semanticist who came to the United States as a child of 11 years and made his fortune as a banker in Utica in upstate New York. He also, however, found time to write on a variety of subjects, especially economics, language, and the

  • Johnson, Alfred (United States sailor)

    yacht: Transatlantic racing and global circumnavigation: …in a 6-metre boat by Alfred Johnson in 1876 to commemorate the centenary of U.S. independence. The first single-handed race in 1891 was won by the American sailor Si Lawlor. A series of single-handed races, sponsored by the London Observer, began in 1960 and was held quadrennially thereafter. It was…

  • Johnson, Alonzo (American musician)

    Lonnie Johnson, prolific American musician, singer, and songwriter who was one of the first major blues and jazz guitarists. One of a large family of musicians, Johnson played violin in his father’s string band, and he also played guitar in New Orleans in the early 20th century. He traveled with a

  • Johnson, Amy (English aviator)

    Amy Johnson, pioneering female aviator who first achieved fame as a result of her attempt to set a record for solo flight from London to Darwin, Australia. Johnson graduated from the University of Sheffield and began work as a secretary in London. While in London she became absorbed in aviation and

  • Johnson, Andre (American football player)

    Houston Texans: …led by dominant wide receiver Andre Johnson and standout quarterback Matt Schaub, the Texans posted the first winning record (9–7) in franchise history. Houston captured its first division title in 2011 after going 10–6 and won its opening-round playoff game before being eliminated by the Baltimore Ravens in the divisional…

  • Johnson, Andrew (president of United States)

    Andrew Johnson, 17th president of the United States (1865–69), who took office upon the assassination of Pres. Abraham Lincoln during the closing months of the American Civil War (1861–65). His lenient Reconstruction policies toward the South embittered the Radical Republicans in Congress and led

  • Johnson, B. S. (British author)

    novel: Avant-gardism: In England, B.S. Johnson published similar “false-directional” novels, though the influence of Sterne makes them seem accessible, even cozily traditional. One of Johnson’s books is marketed as a bundle of disjunct chapters—which may thus be dealt aleatorially and read in any order.

  • Johnson, Ban (American baseball executive)

    Ban Johnson, U.S. professional baseball administrator and first president of the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs (1900–27). Johnson attended Oberlin and Marietta colleges in Ohio; he also attended law school in Cincinnati but did not finish the course. He became a reporter for the

  • Johnson, Ben (American actor)

    Benjamin Johnson, ("BEN"), U.S. motion picture actor who worked as a horse wrangler and stuntman before appearing in supporting roles in such films as Shane, One-Eyed Jacks, The Wild Bunch, and The Last Picture Show, for which he won an Academy Award (b. June 13, 1918--d. April 8,

  • Johnson, Ben (Canadian athlete)

    Seoul 1988 Olympic Games: Canadian Ben Johnson, champion of the 100-metre run, and several weightlifters tested positive for steroid use and were disqualified. In all, 10 athletes were banned from the Games for using performance-enhancing drugs. In the track events the Kenyan men’s team won four of the six distance…

  • Johnson, Bernice (American musician and historian)

    Bernice Johnson Reagon, African American musician and historian whose work ranged from African spirituals to militant civil rights anthems. Reagon grew up surrounded by the sacred music of her father’s Baptist church. In 1959 she entered Albany State College, where she studied music and first

  • Johnson, Bill (American skier)

    Bill Johnson, (William Dean Johnson), American downhill skier (born March 30, 1960, Los Angeles, Calif.—died Jan. 21, 2016, Gresham, Ore.), was in 1984 the first American man to capture a gold medal in Alpine skiing, winning the downhill race at the Olympic Winter Games in Sarajevo, Yugos. (now in

  • Johnson, Blind Willie (American musician)

    Blind Willie Johnson, American gospel blues singer and guitar player who performed on Southern streets and was noted for the energy and power of his singing and for his ingenious slide guitar accompaniments. Little is known about Johnson’s early life, though a death certificate provided the date

  • Johnson, Boris (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Boris Johnson, American-born British journalist and Conservative Party politician who became prime minister of the United Kingdom in July 2019. Earlier he served as the second elected mayor of London (2008–16) and as secretary of state for foreign affairs (2016–18) under Prime Minister Theresa May.

  • Johnson, Brian (Australian singer)

    AC/DC: February 21, 1980, London, England), Brian Johnson(b. October 5, 1947, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England), Phil Rudd (original name Phillip Rudzevecuis;b. May 19, 1954, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), and Cliff Williams(b. December 14, 1949, Romford, Essex, England).

  • Johnson, Bunk (American musician)

    Bunk Johnson, black American jazz trumpeter, one of the first musicians to play jazz and a principal figure of the 1940s traditional jazz revival. Johnson claimed to have been born in 1879, to have played with the legendary Buddy Bolden, and to have taught cornet to the boy Louis Armstrong. It is

  • Johnson, Byron Bancroft (American baseball executive)

    Ban Johnson, U.S. professional baseball administrator and first president of the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs (1900–27). Johnson attended Oberlin and Marietta colleges in Ohio; he also attended law school in Cincinnati but did not finish the course. He became a reporter for the

  • Johnson, Caryn Elaine (American actress)

    Whoopi Goldberg, American comedian, actress, and producer known for her work in theatre, film, television, and recordings. An accomplished performer with a wide repertoire, her work ranged from dramatic leading roles to controversial comedic performances. She also garnered attention as a cohost of

  • Johnson, Celia (British actress)

    Brief Encounter: Cast:

  • Johnson, Chalmers (American scholar)

    Chalmers Johnson, American scholar (born Aug. 6, 1931, Phoenix, Ariz.—died Nov. 20, 2010, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Calif.), consulted for the CIA during the Cold War era, but his best-known work dealt with the growth of the Japanese economy (detailed in his 1982 book MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The

  • Johnson, Charles (British manufacturer)

    construction: Reintroduction of concrete: In the 1830s Charles Johnson, another British cement manufacturer, saw the importance of high-temperature burning of the clay and limestone to a white heat, at which point they begin to fuse. In this period, plain concrete was used for walls, and it sometimes replaced brick in floor arches…

  • Johnson, Charles Anthony (Sarawak raja)

    Brooke Raj: Sir Charles Anthony Johnson Brooke (b. June 3, 1829, Berrow, Somerset, Eng.—d. May 17, 1917, Cirencester, Gloucestershire), who adopted the surname Brooke, became the second raja. The government of Charles Brooke has been described as a benevolent autocracy. Charles himself had spent much of his…

  • Johnson, Charles R. (American author)

    African American literature: African American roots: …the metafiction of philosophical novelist Charles R. Johnson. In Oxherding Tale (1982), Johnson sends his biracial fugitive slave protagonist on a quest for emancipation that he can attain only by extricating himself, in Johnson’s own words, from “numerous kinds of ‘bondage’ (physical, psychological, sexual, metaphysical).” Like the sophisticated, self-conscious trickster…

  • Johnson, Charles Spurgeon (American sociologist and editor)

    Charles Spurgeon Johnson, U.S. sociologist, authority on race relations, and the first black president (1946–56) of Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. (established in 1867 and long restricted to black students). Earlier he had founded and edited (1923–28) the intellectual magazine Opportunity, a

  • Johnson, Charles Van (American actor)

    Van Johnson, American actor (born Aug. 25, 1916, Newport, R.I.—died Dec. 12, 2008, Nyack, N.Y.), was one of Hollywood’s biggest stars during the early part of his six-decade career, particularly during his 12-year tenure (1942–54) at MGM studios, where he made nearly 50 films. Johnson’s clean-cut

  • Johnson, Clarence Kelly (American engineer)

    military aircraft: Subsonic flight: …small team under Lockheed designer Clarence (“Kelly”) Johnson developed the P-80 Shooting Star. The P-80 and its British contemporary, the de Havilland Vampire, were the first successful fighters powered by a single turbojet.

  • Johnson, Clarence Leonard (American aeronautical engineer)

    Kelly Johnson, highly innovative American aeronautical engineer and designer. Johnson received his B.S. (1932) and M.S. (1933) degrees from the University of Michigan before beginning his career with the Lockheed Corporation in 1933. As head of the “Skunk Works,” Lockheed’s secret development unit,

  • Johnson, Colin (Australian author)

    Colin Johnson, Australian novelist and poet who depicted the struggles of modern Aboriginals to adapt to life in a society dominated by whites. Johnson was educated in a Roman Catholic orphanage in Australia. He traveled widely, including a six-year stay in India, where he lived for some time as a

  • Johnson, Cornelius (English painter)

    Cornelius Johnson, Baroque painter, considered the most important native English portraitist of the early 17th century. Johnson was the son of Dutch parents living in London. He was patronized by James I and Charles I but seems to have lost his popularity with the court when Van Dyck went to

  • Johnson, Dakota (American actress)

    E.L. James: …film starring Jamie Dornan and Dakota Johnson as Grey and Steele, respectively. Though subject to the same critical flogging as James’s novels, the movie was highly profitable. Two sequels followed, Fifty Shades Darker in 2017 and Fifty Shades Freed in 2018.

  • Johnson, Davey (American baseball player and manager)

    sabermetrics: Early analytic efforts: … close at hand, and player Davey Johnson took some of the book’s lessons to heart—particularly, the importance of on-base percentage (the measurement of how frequently a batter safely reaches base)—and later became one of baseball’s top managers. (One of Johnson’s managers in the majors was future Hall of Famer Earl…

  • Johnson, Dennis (American basketball player)

    Dennis Wayne Johnson, (“D.J.”), American basketball player (born Sept. 18, 1954 , Compton, Calif.—died Feb. 22, 2007, Austin, Texas), in a 13-year career as an exceptional defensive guard, helped two different teams capture National Basketball Association (NBA) championships. Johnson was drafted by

  • Johnson, Dennis (British inventor)

    bicycle: Draisiennes, hobby-horses, and other velocipedes: Denis Johnson of London purchased a draisienne and patented an improved model in 1818 as the “pedestrian curricle.” The following year he produced more than 300, and they became commonly known as hobby-horses. They were very expensive, and many buyers were members of the nobility.…

  • Johnson, Dennis Wayne (American basketball player)

    Dennis Wayne Johnson, (“D.J.”), American basketball player (born Sept. 18, 1954 , Compton, Calif.—died Feb. 22, 2007, Austin, Texas), in a 13-year career as an exceptional defensive guard, helped two different teams capture National Basketball Association (NBA) championships. Johnson was drafted by

  • Johnson, Diane (American author and academic)

    Diane Johnson, American writer and academic who first garnered attention for worldly and satiric novels set in California that portray contemporary women in crisis. She later wrote a series of books about Americans living abroad. Johnson was educated at Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri; the

  • Johnson, Dr. (English author)

    Samuel Johnson, English critic, biographer, essayist, poet, and lexicographer, regarded as one of the greatest figures of 18th-century life and letters. Johnson once characterized literary biographies as “mournful narratives,” and he believed that he lived “a life radically wretched.” Yet his

  • Johnson, Dwayne (American professional wrestler and actor)

    Dwayne Johnson, American professional wrestler and actor whose charisma and athleticism made him a success in both fields. Johnson was born into a wrestling family. His maternal grandfather, “High Chief” Peter Maivia, emerged on the professional scene in the 1960s and ’70s. Johnson’s father,

  • Johnson, Earl Silas IV (American musician)

    Earl King, (Earl Silas Johnson IV), American rhythm-and-blues musician and songwriter (born Feb. 7, 1934, New Orleans, La.—died April 17, 2003, New Orleans), played an incandescent guitar and wrote a number of songs that became standards of the genre. His strongest influence and mentor was Guitar S

  • Johnson, Earvin, Jr. (American basketball player)

    Magic Johnson, American basketball player who led the National Basketball Association (NBA) Los Angeles Lakers to five championships. The son of an autoworker, Johnson earned his nickname “Magic” in high school for his creative and entertaining ballhandling. He was an intense competitor who led his

  • Johnson, Eliza (American first lady)

    Eliza Johnson, American first lady (1865–69), the wife of Andrew Johnson, 17th president of the United States. Eliza McCardle was the only child of John McCardle, a shoemaker and innkeeper, and Sarah Phillips McCardle. She was educated at home and at the Rhea Academy in Greeneville, Tennessee. In

  • Johnson, Ellen (president of Liberia)

    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian politician and economist who was president of Liberia (2006–18). She was the first woman to be elected head of state of an African country. Johnson Sirleaf was one of three recipients, along with Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karmān, of the 2011 Nobel Prize for Peace

  • Johnson, Emily Pauline (Canadian Indian poet)

    Pauline Johnson, Canadian Indian poet who celebrated the heritage of her people in poems that had immense appeal in her lifetime. The daughter of a Mohawk chief and an English mother, Johnson began publishing poetry in her teens. Using her Indian name, “Tekahionwake,” she toured Canada, England,

  • Johnson, Enoch Lewis (American politician)

    Nucky Johnson, American politician who controlled both government and organized crime in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from 1913 to 1941. For Johnson, politics was the family business. In 1887 his father, Smith Johnson, became sheriff of Atlantic county and, with Congressman John Gardner and County

  • Johnson, Esther (British friend of Swift)

    Jonathan Swift: Years at Moor Park: Here, too, he met Esther Johnson (the future Stella), the daughter of Temple’s widowed housekeeper. In 1692, through Temple’s good offices, Swift received the degree of M.A. at the University of Oxford.

  • Johnson, Eunice Walker (American entrepreneur)

    Eunice Walker Johnson, American entrepreneur (born April 4, 1916, Selma, Ala.—died Jan. 3, 2010, Chicago, Ill.), was the influential wife of John H. Johnson, the founder in 1945 of Ebony magazine. The publication, the title of which Eunice Johnson conceived, became the flagship for the Johnson

  • Johnson, Eyvind (Swedish author)

    Eyvind Johnson, one of the few working-class novelists to bring not only new themes and points of view to Swedish literature but also to experiment with new forms and techniques of the most advanced kind. With Harry Edmund Martinson he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1974. After a

  • Johnson, Francis Benjamin (American actor)

    Benjamin Johnson, ("BEN"), U.S. motion picture actor who worked as a horse wrangler and stuntman before appearing in supporting roles in such films as Shane, One-Eyed Jacks, The Wild Bunch, and The Last Picture Show, for which he won an Academy Award (b. June 13, 1918--d. April 8,

  • Johnson, Frank Minis, Jr. (United States jurist)

    Frank Minis Johnson, Jr., American federal judge (born Oct. 30, 1918, Haleyville, Ala.—died July 23, 1999, Montgomery, Ala.), made a number of landmark civil rights rulings that helped end segregation in the South. After graduating at the top of his law school class at the University of Alabama, B

  • Johnson, Frank, Jr. (United States jurist)

    Frank Minis Johnson, Jr., American federal judge (born Oct. 30, 1918, Haleyville, Ala.—died July 23, 1999, Montgomery, Ala.), made a number of landmark civil rights rulings that helped end segregation in the South. After graduating at the top of his law school class at the University of Alabama, B

  • Johnson, Gary (American business executive and politician)

    Gary Johnson, American business executive and politician who, while a member of the Republican Party, served as governor of New Mexico (1995–2003). He was the Libertarian Party’s presidential candidate in 2012 and 2016. While studying political science at the University of New Mexico, Johnson

  • Johnson, Gary Earl (American business executive and politician)

    Gary Johnson, American business executive and politician who, while a member of the Republican Party, served as governor of New Mexico (1995–2003). He was the Libertarian Party’s presidential candidate in 2012 and 2016. While studying political science at the University of New Mexico, Johnson

  • Johnson, Georgia Douglas (American author)

    Harlem Renaissance: Drama: …friend and admirer of Locke, Georgia Douglas Johnson also authored a number of plays in the 1920s and ’30s. Her plays tended to focus on folk experience, often centring on women, but they also protested racial oppression and especially lynching—a common theme in Harlem Renaissance drama by women. Hurston held…

  • Johnson, Gerrard (British artist)

    Gerrit Jensen, royal cabinetmaker of Louis XIV-style furniture, who became one of the most fashionable and foremost designers and craftsmen of his time. Apparently the first cabinetmaker to earn individual distinction in England, he became famous for his technique of metal- inlaid furniture and is

  • Johnson, Gisle (Norwegian theologian)

    Church of Norway: The work of Gisle Johnson, a theology professor from 1849 to 1873 who combined Lutheran orthodoxy and Pietism, also influenced the clergy and laity and led to the establishment of mission programs.

  • Johnson, Glen (Jamaican boxer)

    Roy Jones, Jr.: …challenged IBF light heavyweight champion Glen Johnson but again was knocked out, this time in the ninth round. By then it was clear that Jones’s boxing skills had declined, and many in the boxing world urged him to consider retirement.

  • Johnson, Gus (American basketball player)

    Washington Wizards: …players such as Earl Monroe, Gus Johnson, Wes Unseld, and Elvin Hayes made the Bullets yearly contenders for the NBA championship. The Bullets finished atop their division six times in that decade and qualified for the playoffs each year, winning their only NBA title in the 1977–78 season. The 1977–78…

  • Johnson, Harald Norlin (American scientist)

    Harald Norlin Johnson, U.S. microbiologist and international specialist on such arthropod-borne viral diseases as rabies and encephalitis; while working, 1938-72, for the Rockefeller Foundation, he developed the strain of the rabies virus used in the 1960s vaccine that helped control the disease

  • Johnson, Harold K. (United States Army officer)

    Harold K. Johnson, U.S. Army officer who fought in World War II and the Korean War and who served as army chief of staff (1964–68) during the Vietnam War. Johnson graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1933. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the

  • Johnson, Harold Keith (United States Army officer)

    Harold K. Johnson, U.S. Army officer who fought in World War II and the Korean War and who served as army chief of staff (1964–68) during the Vietnam War. Johnson graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1933. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the

  • Johnson, Harold Lester (American astronomer)

    UBV system: …1950s by the American astronomers Harold Lester Johnson and William Wilson Morgan and has largely superseded the less accurate system using the north polar sequence.

  • Johnson, Harry Gordon (Canadian economist)

    Harry Gordon Johnson, Canadian-born economist who managed to synthesize divergent economic viewpoints. He was one of the more important economists of the post-World War II era, with a published output that dwarfed those of his contemporaries and made substantial contributions to the fields of

  • Johnson, Haynes (American journalist, author, and television commentator)

    Haynes Bonner Johnson, American journalist, author, and television commentator (born July 9, 1931, New York City, N.Y.—died May 24, 2013, Bethesda, Md.), delivered stories on nearly every major national and international news event in the latter half of the 20th century, including military

  • Johnson, Haynes Bonner (American journalist, author, and television commentator)

    Haynes Bonner Johnson, American journalist, author, and television commentator (born July 9, 1931, New York City, N.Y.—died May 24, 2013, Bethesda, Md.), delivered stories on nearly every major national and international news event in the latter half of the 20th century, including military

  • Johnson, Henry (American soldier)

    Harlem Hellfighters: The Hellfighters at war: Henry Johnson and Pvt. Needham Roberts of the 369th were on sentry duty when their post was attacked by a German patrol. The two men fought off as many as two dozen Germans in brutal hand-to-hand combat. Johnson sustained 21 wounds in the engagement, and…

  • Johnson, Herschel Vespasian (American politician and jurist)

    United States presidential election of 1860: The conventions: …declined nomination, and eventually to Herschel V. Johnson, a former U.S. senator and former governor of Georgia, who was chosen as Douglas’s running mate. Disaffected Democrats, largely Southerners, then nominated Breckinridge, with Sen. Joseph Lane of Oregon as his running mate. Both Douglas and Breckinridge claimed to be the official…

  • Johnson, Hiram Warren (American politician)

    Hiram Johnson, reform governor of California (1911–17) and a U.S. senator for 28 years (1917–45), a Progressive Republican and later a staunch isolationist. Winning acclaim in 1906 as a crusading San Francisco prosecuting attorney, Johnson was elected governor four years later on a reform ticket.

  • Johnson, Ian William (Australian cricket player)

    Ian William Johnson, Australian cricket player who was a reliable, slow off-spin bowler for Victoria and in 45 Test matches for Australia, including 17 as captain (1954-57). Johnson played first-class cricket for Victoria briefly in 1935, but he served as a fighter pilot in World War II before

  • Johnson, Isaac Charles (British engineer)

    cement: History of cement: …was perhaps that produced by Isaac Charles Johnson in southeastern England about 1850. The manufacture of portland cement rapidly spread to other European countries and North America. During the 20th century, cement manufacture spread worldwide. By the early 21st century, China and India had become the world leaders in cement…

  • Johnson, J. J. (American musician)

    J.J. Johnson, American jazz composer and one of the genre’s most influential trombonists. Johnson received early training as a pianist, and at age 14 he began to study the trombone. He became a professional musician in 1941 and during the decade worked in the orchestras of Benny Carter and Count

  • Johnson, Jack (American boxer)

    Jack Johnson, American boxer who was the first African American to become heavyweight champion. He is considered by many boxing observers to be one of the greatest heavyweights of all time. Johnson fought professionally from 1897 to 1928 and engaged in exhibition matches as late as 1945. He won the

  • Johnson, James (Scottish author)

    Robert Burns: After Edinburgh: In Edinburgh Burns had met James Johnson, a keen collector of Scottish songs who was bringing out a series of volumes of songs with the music and who enlisted Burns’s help in finding, editing, improving, and rewriting items. Burns was enthusiastic and soon became virtual editor of Johnson’s The Scots…

  • Johnson, James Ambrose (American musician and singer)

    Rick James, (James Ambrose Johnson), American musician and singer (born Feb. 1, 1948, Buffalo, N.Y.—died Aug. 6, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), wrote such classic funk hits as “Super Freak” and “Give It to Me.” He released his debut album, Come and Get It, in 1978. The long-haired, leather-clad J

  • Johnson, James Edgar (British military officer)

    Johnnie Johnson, (Air Vice-Marshall James Edgar Johnson), British pilot (born March 9, 1915, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, Eng.—died Jan. 30, 2001, Buxton, Derbyshire, Eng.), was the most successful Allied fighter pilot in World War II Europe, flying more than 1,000 missions in his s

  • Johnson, James Louis (American musician)

    J.J. Johnson, American jazz composer and one of the genre’s most influential trombonists. Johnson received early training as a pianist, and at age 14 he began to study the trombone. He became a professional musician in 1941 and during the decade worked in the orchestras of Benny Carter and Count

  • Johnson, James P. (American composer and pianist)

    James P. Johnson, highly influential black American jazz pianist who also wrote popular songs and composed classical works. A founder of the stride piano idiom, he was a crucial figure in the transition from ragtime to jazz. In his youth Johnson studied classical and ragtime piano techniques, and

  • Johnson, James Price (American composer and pianist)

    James P. Johnson, highly influential black American jazz pianist who also wrote popular songs and composed classical works. A founder of the stride piano idiom, he was a crucial figure in the transition from ragtime to jazz. In his youth Johnson studied classical and ragtime piano techniques, and

  • Johnson, James Weldon (American writer)

    James Weldon Johnson, poet, diplomat, and anthologist of black culture. Trained in music and other subjects by his mother, a schoolteacher, Johnson graduated from Atlanta University with A.B. (1894) and M.A. (1904) degrees and later studied at Columbia University. For several years he was principal

  • Johnson, Jimmie (American race-car driver)

    Jimmie Johnson, American race-car driver who won seven National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) championships and was the first driver to win the title in five consecutive years (2006–10). Johnson, who started competing in motor sports at age five, won his first championship in

  • Johnson, Jimmie Kenneth (American race-car driver)

    Jimmie Johnson, American race-car driver who won seven National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) championships and was the first driver to win the title in five consecutive years (2006–10). Johnson, who started competing in motor sports at age five, won his first championship in

  • Johnson, John Arthur (American boxer)

    Jack Johnson, American boxer who was the first African American to become heavyweight champion. He is considered by many boxing observers to be one of the greatest heavyweights of all time. Johnson fought professionally from 1897 to 1928 and engaged in exhibition matches as late as 1945. He won the

  • Johnson, John H. (American publisher)

    John H. Johnson, magazine and book publisher, the first African American to attain major success in those fields. Johnson and his family settled in Chicago after visiting that city during the 1933 World’s Fair. He later became an honour student at Du Sable High School in Chicago, where he was

  • Johnson, John Harold (American publisher)

    John H. Johnson, magazine and book publisher, the first African American to attain major success in those fields. Johnson and his family settled in Chicago after visiting that city during the 1933 World’s Fair. He later became an honour student at Du Sable High School in Chicago, where he was

  • Johnson, John Henry (American football player)

    John Henry Johnson, American football player (born Nov. 24, 1929, Waterproof, La.—died June 3, 2011, Tracy, Calif.), was a standout fullback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 13 years during the 1950s and ’60s. Johnson, an exceptional runner and receiver who was also a fearsome

  • Johnson, Johnnie (American musician)

    Johnnie Clyde Johnson, American rock-and-roll pianist (born July 8, 1924, Fairmont, W.Va.—died April 13, 2005, St. Louis, Mo.), recorded, with Chuck Berry, some of the seminal songs of the early years of rock and roll, including “Maybellene,” “Roll Over Beethoven,” and “Brown-Eyed Handsome Man.” J

  • Johnson, Johnnie (British military officer)

    Johnnie Johnson, (Air Vice-Marshall James Edgar Johnson), British pilot (born March 9, 1915, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, Eng.—died Jan. 30, 2001, Buxton, Derbyshire, Eng.), was the most successful Allied fighter pilot in World War II Europe, flying more than 1,000 missions in his s

  • Johnson, Johnnie Clyde (American musician)

    Johnnie Clyde Johnson, American rock-and-roll pianist (born July 8, 1924, Fairmont, W.Va.—died April 13, 2005, St. Louis, Mo.), recorded, with Chuck Berry, some of the seminal songs of the early years of rock and roll, including “Maybellene,” “Roll Over Beethoven,” and “Brown-Eyed Handsome Man.” J

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