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  • Land Ballot, The (poetry by Adcock)

    Fleur Adcock: …1960–2000 (2000), Dragon Talk (2010), The Land Ballot (2015), and Hoard (2017).

  • Land Before Her: Fantasy and Experience of the American Frontiers, 1630-1860, The (work by Kolodny)

    Annette Kolodny: …Life and Letters (1975) and The Land Before Her: Fantasy and Experience of the American Frontiers, 1630–1860 (1984); both became important to ecofeminism and literary-environmental studies. “Dancing Through the Minefield: Some Observations on the Theory, Method, and Politics in Feminist Literary Criticism” (1983) combines feminist social history with Kolodny’s personal…

  • Land Between the Lakes (region, United States)

    Kentucky Lake: …two lakes known as the Land Between the Lakes is a major recreation and conservation area and the site of an environmental-education centre.

  • land breeze (meteorology)

    Land breeze, a local wind system characterized by a flow from land to water late at night. Land breezes alternate with sea breezes along coastlines adjacent to large bodies of water. Both are induced by differences that occur between the heating or cooling of the water surface and the adjacent land

  • land bridge (isthmus)

    Land bridge, any of several isthmuses that have connected the Earth’s major landmasses at various times, with the result that many species of plants and animals have extended their ranges to new areas. A land bridge that had a profound effect on the fauna of the New World extended from Siberia to

  • land captain (Russian politics)

    Dmitry Andreyevich, Count Tolstoy: …peasant townships were placed under land captains chosen by the minister of the interior. Land captains had to be members of the landowning nobility, and they appointed the town elders who had the power to fine and arrest the peasants without trial. Tolstoy’s ministry ended when he died in 1889.

  • Land Charter of Bishop Arnold (Netherlands [1375])

    history of the Low Countries: Consolidation of territorial states (1384–1567): …played an important part: the Land Charter of Bishop Arnold in 1375 was inspired by the Joyeuse Entrée of Brabant. In the prince-bishopric of Liège, cooperation between prince and estates had to be won by violent conflicts between the towns and the bishop and, within the towns, between the patriciate…

  • Land Chenla (ancient state, Indochina)

    Southeast Asian arts: 1st–10th century: …was called by the Chinese Chenla. This joint Funan-Chenla tradition produced some of the world’s most magnificent stone cult images. Though Buddhist icons are known, these images principally represent Hindu deities including Vishnu, his incarnation Krishna, Shiva, and a combined Shiva-Vishnu figure called Harihara. The images were housed in wooden…

  • Land Conference (Irish history)

    William O'Brien: In 1902 he supported the Land Conference, which secured agreement between landlords and tenants’ representatives and resulted in the Wyndham Land Purchase Act of 1903, which was designed to turn Irish tenant farmers into occupying owners.

  • land crab (invertebrate)

    Land crab, any crab of the family Gecarcinidae (order Decapoda of the class Crustacea), typically terrestrial, square-bodied crabs that only occasionally, as adults, return to the sea. They occur in tropical America, West Africa, and the Indo-Pacific region. All species feed on both animal and

  • Land Dayak (people)

    Malaysia: Sarawak: Like the Iban, the Bidayuh originally came from regions that now lie in northwestern Indonesian Borneo; in Sarawak the Bidayuh homeland is in the far western portion of the state. Most rural Bidayuh practice shifting rice cultivation. Although they have for centuries lived in close proximity to the Iban,…

  • land diving (Oceanic ritual)

    Pentecost: …a good yam harvest; “land divers” jump headfirst from towers up to 80 feet (24 metres) tall that are made of bush timber and vines. The divers are suspended only by vines, short and springy enough to break their fall, attached to the tower and to their ankles. Careful…

  • Land Grant Mural (work by Poor)

    State College: …renowned American mural, the “Land Grant Mural” by Henry Varnum Poor. The town, a service centre for the university (in University Park), has high technology industries and is also a shipping point for surrounding farmlands producing oats and pigs. Inc. 1896. Pop. (2000) 38,420; State College Metro Area, 135,758;…

  • land hurricane (climatology)

    Derecho, windstorm traveling in a straight line characterized by gusts in excess of 93 km (58 miles) per hour and the production of a swath of wind-generated damage along a front spanning more than 400 km (250 miles) in length. Gustavus Hinrichs, a physics professor from the University of Iowa and

  • land irrigation (agriculture)

    Irrigation and drainage, artificial application of water to land and artificial removal of excess water from land, respectively. Some land requires irrigation or drainage before it is possible to use it for any agricultural production; other land profits from either practice to increase production.

  • Land Law (Ottoman Empire [1858])

    Palestine: Ottoman rule: …the countryside and the Ottoman Land Law of 1858 encouraged the development of private property, agricultural production for the world market, the decline of tribal social organization, growth of the population, and the enrichment of the notable families. As the Ottomans extended the central government’s new military, municipal, judicial, and…

  • Land League (Irish agrarian organization)

    Land League, Irish agrarian organization that worked for the reform of the country’s landlord system under British rule. The league was founded in October 1879 by Michael Davitt, the son of an evicted tenant farmer and a member of the Fenian (Irish Republican) Brotherhood. Davitt asked Charles

  • land leech (annelid)

    leech: True land leeches feed only on the blood of mammals. Three jaws set with sharp teeth make a Y-shaped incision in the flesh. The leech’s saliva contains substances that anesthetize the wound area, dilate the blood vessels to increase blood flow, and prevent the blood from…

  • Land Management, Bureau of (United States government agency)

    Bureau of Land Management, agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior. It was established in 1946 through the consolidation of the General Land Office (created in 1812) and the U.S. Grazing Service (1934). The BLM is responsible for managing hundreds of millions of acres of public land,

  • land mine (weapon)

    Land mine, stationary explosive charge used against military troops or vehicles. See

  • Land of Cockaygne, The (Middle English work)

    English literature: Verse romance: …of humour is found in The Land of Cockaygne, which depicts a utopia better than heaven, where rivers run with milk, honey, and wine, geese fly about already roasted, and monks hunt with hawks and dance with nuns.

  • Land of Cokaygne, The (Middle English work)

    English literature: Verse romance: …of humour is found in The Land of Cockaygne, which depicts a utopia better than heaven, where rivers run with milk, honey, and wine, geese fly about already roasted, and monks hunt with hawks and dance with nuns.

  • Land of Dreams (album by Newman)

    Randy Newman: Land of Dreams (1988) was Newman’s most personal album; in 1995 he released Faust, a concept album based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust. The boxed set Guilty: 30 Years of Randy Newman appeared in 1998 and was followed by Bad Love (1999), his first…

  • Land of Enchantment (state, United States)

    New Mexico, constituent state of the United States of America. It became the 47th state of the union in 1912. New Mexico ranks fifth among the 50 U.S. states in terms of total area and is bounded by Colorado to the north, Oklahoma and Texas to the east, Texas and the Mexican states of Chihuahua and

  • Land of God (historical region, Africa)

    Punt, in ancient Egyptian and Greek geography, the southern coast of the Red Sea and adjacent coasts of the Gulf of Aden, corresponding to modern coastal Ethiopia and Djibouti. To the ancients, Punt was a place of legend and fable, illustrated by Herodotus’ account (in Book II of his History, 5th

  • Land of Green Plums, The (novel by Müller)

    Herta Müller: …Ever the Hunter), Herztier (1994; The Land of Green Plums), and Heute w?r ich mir lieber nicht begegnet (1997; The Appointment). In 1998 Müller received the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award (the world’s richest literary prize) for The Land of Green Plums. The novel Atemschaukel (The Hunger Angel) was published…

  • Land of Lamps (state, India)

    Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles (580 km) along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles (30 to 120 km). It is bordered by the states of

  • Land of Little Rain, The (work by Austin)

    Mary Austin: …that constituted her first book, The Land of Little Rain (1903), which was a great and immediate success. It was followed by a collection of stories, The Basket Woman (1904), a romantic novel, Isidro (1905), and a collection of regional sketches, The Flock (1906).

  • Land of Look Behind (region, Jamaica)

    Cockpit Country, an approximately 500-square-mile (1,300-square-kilometre) region in the interior of Jamaica, southeast of Montego Bay. It is part of the great White Limestone plateau and has typical karst topography, with innumerable conical and hemispherical hills covered with dense scrubby

  • Land of Oz (fictional place)

    The Wizard of Oz: …are being transported to the Land of Oz, a magical place inhabited by strange characters, including munchkins, talking trees, and witches. Dorothy’s house lands in the midst of Oz’s Munchkinland, and she soon realizes it has fallen on and killed the Wicked Witch of the East, whose powerful ruby slippers…

  • Land of Painted Caves, The (book by Auel)

    Jean Auel: …years until the final installment, The Land of Painted Caves (2011), ended Auel’s story with a new family life for Ayla, Jondalar, and their young daughter.

  • Land of Plenty (film by Wenders [2004])

    Michelle Williams: …in Wim Wenders’s sociopolitical drama Land of Plenty (2004), as a former Christian missionary in urban Los Angeles.

  • Land of Steady Habits, The (film by Holofcener [2018])

    Edie Falco: …facing a midlife crisis in The Land of Steady Habits.

  • Land of Ten Thousand Sinks (geological region, Kentucky, United States)

    Land of Ten Thousand Sinks, in west-central Kentucky, U.S., area of numerous sinkholes and caves in the Pennyrile (or Pennyroyal) region. The area includes the interconnected caves of Mammoth Cave National Park and Flint Ridge Cave System. Abundant surface and underground water together with

  • Land of the Dead (film by Romero [2005])

    George A. Romero: …Day of the Dead (1985), Land of the Dead (2005), Diary of the Dead (2007), and Survival of the Dead (2009). The Dead series was rife with social commentary, with allusions to the Cold War, consumerism, and class conflict. In addition to zombies, Romero’s films have explored other horror movie…

  • Land of the Lost (film by Silberling [2009])

    Will Ferrell: …scientist in the adventure comedy Land of the Lost (2009) and an alien supervillain in the animated Megamind (2010). Although most of Ferrell’s film work was broadly comic in tone, he occasionally took on more serious roles, including a methodical Internal Revenue Service agent in Stranger than Fiction (2006) and…

  • Land of the Pharaohs (film by Hawks [1955])

    Howard Hawks: Films of the 1950s: Land of the Pharaohs (1955), a handsome but unremarkable account of the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, was Hawk’s least-favourite of his films.

  • Land of Unlikeness (work by Lowell)

    Robert Lowell, Jr.: His first volume of poems, Land of Unlikeness (1944), deals with a world in crisis and the hunger for spiritual security. Lord Weary’s Castle, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1947, exhibits greater variety and command. It contains two of his most praised poems: “The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket,” elegizing…

  • land otter (mammal)

    otter: Freshwater otters: …species often referred to as river otters are found throughout North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia in freshwater ecosystems that sustain an abundance of prey such as fish, crayfish, crabs, mussels, and

  • land planning (landscape design)

    garden and landscape design: Aspects of landscape architecture: Land planning is for larger-scale developments involving subdivision into several or many parcels, including analyses of land and landscape, feasibility studies for economic, social, political, technical, and ecological constraints, and detailed site plans as needed. Master planning is for land use, conservation, and development at…

  • land pollution

    Land pollution, the deposition of solid or liquid waste materials on land or underground in a manner that can contaminate the soil and groundwater, threaten public health, and cause unsightly conditions and nuisances. The waste materials that cause land pollution are broadly classified as municipal

  • land presser (farm machine)

    roller: A type usually called a roller-packer or land presser has heavy, wedge-shaped wheels about 3 feet (1 m) in diameter and is used in dry seasons to compress the soil after plowing.

  • Land Purchase Act (United Kingdom [1903])

    Ireland: The Home Rule movement and the Land League: …most important achievement was the Land Purchase Act of 1903, which initiated the greatest social revolution in Ireland since the 17th century. By providing generous inducements to landlords to sell their estates, the act effected by government mediation the transfer of landownership to the occupying tenants.

  • land rail (bird)

    crake: The corncrake, or land rail (Crex crex), of Europe and Asia, migrating south to Africa, is a slightly larger brown bird with a rather stout bill and wings showing reddish in flight. Africa’s black crake (Limnocorax flavirostra) is a 20-centimetre- (8-inch-) long form, black with a green bill…

  • land reclamation

    Land reclamation, the process of improving lands to make them suitable for a more intensive use. Reclamation efforts may be concerned with the improvement of rainfall-deficient areas by irrigation, the removal of detrimental constituents from salty or alkali lands, the diking and draining of tidal

  • land reform (agricultural economics)

    Land reform, a purposive change in the way in which agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of cultivation that are employed, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the economy. Reforms such as these may be proclaimed by a government, by interested groups, or by revolution. The

  • Land Rover (automobile)

    Tata Group: …elite British brands Jaguar and Land Rover from the Ford Motor Company in 2008. Four years later Ratan Tata retired and was succeeded by Cyrus Mistry. Mistry was abruptly dismissed as chairman in October 2016—reportedly over disagreements with members of the Tata family regarding business strategy—and Ratan returned to the…

  • land sinking (geology)

    Subsidence, sinking of the Earth’s surface in response to geologic or man-induced causes. When subsidence occurs in great belts, providing troughs for the accumulation of sediments, the resulting features are termed geosynclines; nonlinear subsidence produces basins and irregular depressions.

  • land snail (gastropod)

    Land snail, any of the approximately 35,000 species of snails (phylum Mollusca) adapted to life away from water. Most species are members of the subclass Pulmonata (class Gastropoda); a few are members of the subclass Prosobranchia. Typically, land snails live on or near the ground, feed on

  • Land Speed Record (album by Hüsker Dü)

    Hüsker Dü: …such as their debut album, Land Speed Record (1981), was aggressively hardcore punk, their later music revealed the influence of jazz, pop, and psychedelic rock; their Zen Arcade (1984) was one of the few punk-oriented double albums. Celebrated for maintaining their artistic integrity eve*n after moving to a major label…

  • land spirit (mythology)

    Germanic religion and mythology: Guardian spirits: …good deal is told of land spirits (landv?ttir). According to the pre-Christian law of Iceland, no one must approach the land in a ship bearing a dragonhead, lest he frighten the land spirits. An Icelandic poet, cursing the king and queen of Norway, enjoined the landv?ttir to drive them from…

  • land tax

    United Kingdom: Finance and politics: …to be raised by a land tax. By 1610 negotiations began for the Great Contract between the king and his taxpaying subjects that aimed to raise £200,000 a year. But at the last moment both royal officials and leaders of the House of Commons backed away from the deal, the…

  • land tenure

    farm management: Land, livestock, and labour: …developing countries, traditional patterns of land tenure and laws of inheritance may result in one farmer holding many quite small plots at some distance from each other. To reduce the resulting labour inefficiency and low productivity and to spur development of large-scale agriculture, governments in these countries have frequently legislated…

  • Land Tenure Act (Zimbabwe [1969])

    Zimbabwe: Settlement patterns: The Land Tenure Act, a more rigidly segregationist law that superseded the Land Apportionment Act in 1969, was amended in 1977, while the civil war was still being fought, to allow blacks to purchase white farms and urban property, and after the end of hostilities residential…

  • Land Tenure Reform Association (British organization)

    John Stuart Mill: The later years: …with the starting of the Land Tenure Reform Association, for which he wrote in The Examiner and made a public speech a few months before his death; the interception by the state of the unearned increment on land and the promotion of cooperative agriculture were the most striking features in…

  • land transportation (technology)

    airport: Links to local ground transportation: An airport should always be considered an interchange where different modes of transportation connect. Since the airport itself is not a primary destination, consideration must be given to access by surface vehicles. This is as critical a factor in airport layout and design…

  • land treatment (sanitation engineering)

    wastewater treatment: Land treatment: In some locations, secondary effluent can be applied directly to the ground and a polished effluent obtained by natural processes as the wastewater flows over vegetation and percolates through the soil. There are three types of land treatment: slow-rate, rapid infiltration, and overland…

  • land trust

    low-income housing: …for affordable housing have included land trusts and land banks, which separate the cost of building from the cost of acquiring land. A nonprofit land trust, a municipality, or some other body holds title to the land, but the building is developed separately so that the cost of the housing…

  • land use (economics)

    global warming: Land-use change: There are a number of ways in which changes in land use can influence climate. The most direct influence is through the alteration of Earth’s albedo, or surface reflectance. For example, the replacement of forest by cropland and pasture in the middle latitudes…

  • land van Rembrandt, Het (work by Busken Huet)

    Conrad Busken Huet: …culture in the 17th century, Het land van Rembrandt (1882–84; “The Country of Rembrandt”), remains a classic.

  • land warfare

    tactics: …article discusses the tactics of land warfare. For treatment of tactics on sea, see naval warfare, and for tactics in air combat, see air warfare.

  • land warrant (law)

    warrant: …authority to collect taxes, and land warrants, transferable certificates issued by the government entitling the holder to a specific tract of public land.

  • Land Without Bread (film by Bu?uel [1933])

    Luis Bu?uel: Life and work: …group funded Las Hurdes (1933; Land Without Bread), his documentary about that remote impoverished region. In Madrid he also produced some low-budget commercial films in an attempt to build a local cinema industry, but the project collapsed as the country descended into the Spanish Civil War. Returning to Paris in…

  • Land Without Thunder (work by Ogot)

    Grace Ogot: … and in collections such as Land Without Thunder (1968), The Other Woman (1976), and The Island of Tears (1980)—give an inside view of traditional Luo life and society and the conflict of traditional with colonial and modern cultures. Her novel The Promised Land (1966) tells of Luo pioneers in Tanzania…

  • Land’s End (peninsula, England, United Kingdom)

    Land’s End, westernmost peninsula of the county of Cornwall, England. Composed of a granite mass, its tip is the southwesternmost point of England and lies about 870 miles (1,400 km) by road from John o’ Groats, traditionally considered the northernmost point of Great Britain. The popular

  • Land, Edwin Herbert (American inventor and physicist)

    Edwin Herbert Land, American inventor and physicist whose one-step process for developing and printing photographs culminated in a revolution in photography unparalleled since the advent of roll film. While a student at Harvard University, Land became interested in polarized light, i.e., light in

  • Land, Michael F. (British neurobiologist)

    photoreception: Concave mirror eyes: In 1965 British neurobiologist Michael F. Land (the author of this article) found that although scallop eyes have a lens, it is too weak to produce an image in the eye. In order to form a visible image, the back of the eye contains a mirror that reflects light…

  • land, right of (property law)

    United Kingdom: The introduction of feudalism: Their estates were often well distributed, consisting of manors scattered through a number of shires. In vulnerable regions, however, compact blocks of land were formed, clustered around castles. The tenants in chief owed homage and fealty to the king and held their land in return for…

  • land-derived sediment (geology)

    Terrigenous sediment, deep-sea sediment transported to the oceans by rivers and wind from land sources. Terrigeneous sediments that reach the continental shelf are often stored in submarine canyons on the continental slope. Turbidity currents carry these sediments down into the deep sea. These

  • Land-Grant College Act of 1862 (United States legislation)

    Land-Grant College Act of 1862, Act of the U.S. Congress (1862) that provided grants of land to states to finance the establishment of colleges specializing in “agriculture and the mechanic arts.” Named for its sponsor, Vermont Congressman Justin Smith Morrill (1810–98), it granted each state

  • land-grant university (American education)

    Land-grant universities, American institutions of higher learning that were established under the first Morrill Act (1862). This act was passed by the U.S. Congress and was named for the act’s sponsor, Vermont congressman Justin S. Morrill. Under the provisions of the act, each state was granted

  • Land-Wheelwright Laboratories (American company)

    Polaroid Corporation, American manufacturer of cameras, film, and optical equipment founded by Edwin Herbert Land (1909–91), who invented instant photography. The company originated in 1932 as the Land-Wheelwright Laboratories, which Land founded with George Wheelwright to produce Land’s first

  • Land-Without-Evil (religious doctrine)

    Apapocuva: …trek, in search of the Land-Without-Evil, which was believed to be somewhere over the Atlantic Ocean. In 1910, another Apapocuva group attempted to reach the Land-Without-Evil by dancing feverishly for days, in the hope of becoming light enough to fly over the Atlantic Ocean. The present wide dispersal of Apapocuva…

  • Landa, Diego de (Spanish bishop)

    Diego de Landa, Spanish Franciscan priest and bishop of Yucatán who is best known for his classic account of Mayan culture and language, most of which he was also responsible for destroying. Landa was born to a noble family and at age 17 joined the Franciscans. His religious fervour manifested

  • Landais, Pierre (French official)

    Francis II: When Francis’ chief counsellor, Pierre Landais, provoked the hatred of the Breton nobles by his persecution of the chancellor Guillaume Chauvin, the nobles, with the support of Anne of Beaujeu, regent of France, had Landais hanged (1485). When Anne sent French troops into Brittany, however, the nobles rallied to…

  • landau (carriage)

    Landau, four-wheeled carriage, invented in Germany, seating four people on two facing seats with an elevated front seat for the coachman. It was distinguished by two folding hoods, one at each end, which met at the top to form a boxlike enclosure with side windows. It was a heavy vehicle, often

  • Landau (Germany)

    Landau, city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. Its location is picturesque, along the Queich River in the Haardt Mountains. The settlement was first mentioned in 1106, and an Augustinian monastery was founded there in 1276. Landau became a free imperial city in 1291. It was

  • Landau damping (physics)

    plasma: Higher frequency waves: This phenomenon, called Landau damping, arises because some electrons have the same velocity as the wave. As they move with the wave, they are accelerated much like a surfer on a water wave and thus extract energy from the wave, damping it in the process.

  • Landau in der Pfalz (Germany)

    Landau, city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. Its location is picturesque, along the Queich River in the Haardt Mountains. The settlement was first mentioned in 1106, and an Augustinian monastery was founded there in 1276. Landau became a free imperial city in 1291. It was

  • Landau straggling (physics)

    radiation: Range: …kind of energy straggling called Landau type (for the Soviet physicist Lev Landau). This energy straggling means that the distribution of energy losses is asymmetric when a plot is drawn, with a long tail on the high-energy-loss side. The intermediate case is given by a distribution according to Sergey Ivanovich…

  • Landau, Ezekiel (Polish rabbi)

    Ezekiel Landau, Polish rabbi, the learned author of a much-reprinted book on Jewish law (Halakha). In 1734 Landau’s reputation for learning led to his appointment as head of the rabbinical court at Brody, and in 1745 he became rabbi of Jampol, Podolia (then part of Poland). There he gained fame by

  • Landau, Jon (American motion-picture executive and producer)
  • Landau, Jon (American record producer and manager)

    the MC5: …more albums followed, including the Jon Landau-produced Back in the U.S.A. (1970), before the band broke up in 1972. Louder and brasher than the other political bands of their era, the MC5 were extremely influential despite their limited popularity, and their sound can be heard in heavy metal, punk rock,…

  • Landau, Lev Davidovich (Russian physicist)

    Lev Davidovich Landau, Soviet theoretical physicist, one of the founders of the quantum theory of condensed matter whose pioneering research in this field was recognized with the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physics. Landau was a mathematical prodigy and enfant terrible. His schooling reflected the zigzags

  • Landau, Mark Aleksandrovich (Russian writer)

    Mark Aldanov, Russian émigré writer best known for work bitterly critical of the Soviet system. In 1919 Aldanov emigrated to France, which he left for the United States in 1941, although six years later he returned to France. He wrote an essay on Lenin (1921); Deux révolutions (1921; “Two

  • Landau, Martin (American actor)

    Martin Landau, American character actor who had a lengthy and prolific career, often playing unsettling villains, and found his greatest successes later in life. Landau began working as a staff cartoonist for the New York Daily News when he was 17 years of age, a job he held for about five years

  • Landau, Moshe (Israeli jurist)

    Moshe Landau, Israeli jurist (born April 29, 1912, Danzig, Ger. [now Gdansk, Pol.]—died May 1, 2011, Jerusalem), presided over the three-judge panel in the high-profile war-crimes trial (April 11–Dec. 15, 1961) of German Nazi official Adolf Eichmann, who was convicted and in 1962 executed for his

  • Landau, Zishe (American poet)

    Yiddish literature: Writers in New York: …other poets of Di Yunge, Zishe Landau also turned from politicized poetry to individual experience. But, while his verses often probed feelings and psychological states in the first person, Landau made use of poetic personae, as in his “Meydlshe gezangen” (“Girlish Songs”) and “Don Quixote.” His aestheticism often referred to…

  • Landau-Kleffner syndrome (pathology)

    agnosia: …which is a symptom of Landau-Kleffner syndrome, may lead to mutism, or loss of the ability or will to speak. The sensory organ of hearing is intact, and pure tones can be perceived. Individuals with amusia are unable to recognize that certain groups of sounds represent music and therefore cannot…

  • Landauer, Rolf William (American physicist)

    Rolf William Landauer, German-born American physicist whose discovery of what came to be known as Landauer’s principle—that the erasing of computer information causes a loss of energy—led to the development of more efficient computers (b. Feb. 4, 1927, Stuttgart, Ger.—d. April 27, 1999, Briarcliff

  • landaulet (carriage)

    landau: The landaulet, or landaulette, was a landau coupé, appearing as if the front were cut away, with a forward-facing seat for two people. It had an elevated coach seat for the coachman, and a folding, or falling, top.

  • landaulette (carriage)

    landau: The landaulet, or landaulette, was a landau coupé, appearing as if the front were cut away, with a forward-facing seat for two people. It had an elevated coach seat for the coachman, and a folding, or falling, top.

  • lan?ay (Pashto poetry)

    Islamic arts: Popular literature: …verses, such as a two-line lan?ay in Pashto, are among the most graceful products of Islamic poetry. Many folk songs—lullabies, wedding songs, and dirges—have a distinct mystical flavour and reflect the simple Muslim’s love for the Prophet and trust in God’s grace even under the most difficult circumstances. Irony and…

  • Landcare (Australian organization)

    Australia: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: In 1989 Landcare, a movement of grassroots organizations, became an official federal government program, the National Landcare Programme. A “Decade of Landcare Plan” was proclaimed for the 1990s, and a nationally coordinated schedule was drawn up to promote new cultivation methods, extensive tree planting, modest and adventurous…

  • landed gentry (political economics)

    land reform: Political and social objectives: …happen to be among the landlord class, the objectives become the defeat of imperialism and the end of foreign exploitation.

  • Landen’s theorem (mathematics)

    John Landen: The theorem known by his name appeared in his memoir published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Societyin 1775 and later included in the first volume of his Mathematical Memoirs, 2 vol. (1780–89). Landen’s theorem expresses the length of the arc of a hyperbola in…

  • Landen, John (English mathematician)

    John Landen, British mathematician who was trained as a surveyor and who made important contributions on elliptic integrals. Landen became known as a mathematician by his essays in The Ladies’ Diaryfor 1744, and he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1766. His researches on

  • L?nder (German political unit)

    Berlin: Government: …parliament, on the central, or Land (state), level, and district mayors, district councils (governments), and district assemblies on the local level. The city has various local and state courts, including a constitutional court. The constitution of former West Berlin, amended in 1990, served as the transitional constitution of the state…

  • Lander (county, Nevada, United States)

    Lander, county, central Nevada, U.S. It is drained by the Humboldt and Reese rivers. The county is arid and is covered by the Shoshone and Toiyabe mountains, which include large segments of Toiyabe National Forest in the south. The county seat, Battle Mountain, is in the far north. The county was

  • Lander (Wyoming, United States)

    Lander, city, seat (1884) of Fremont county, west-central Wyoming, U.S., on the Popo Agie River, east of the Wind River Range, at an elevation of 5,360 feet (1,634 metres). Part of the traditional territory of the Shoshone people, the area was settled in the 1870s around Forts Augur and Brown and

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