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  • Leonor de Toledo (grand duchess of Tuscany)

    Boboli Gardens: …who had been commissioned by Eleonora de Toledo, wife of Cosimo I, to create a setting that would be appropriate for vast pageants and Medici court entertainments.

  • Leonor Teles (queen of Portugal)

    John I: Early life: …in 1383, his widow, Queen Leonor, submitted to the demand of her Castilian son-in-law, John I, that he be recognized as king of Portugal. John of Aviz, who had hitherto remained carefully in the background, though he had been arrested for a time in 1382, was now persuaded by a…

  • Leonora Christina (Danish princess)

    Danish literature: The literary Renaissance: …century are the memoirs of Leonora Christina, daughter of King Christian IV, a fascinating document about her 20 years’ imprisonment in the Blue Tower of Copenhagen.

  • Leonorenlieder (work by Günther)

    Johann Christian Günther: …in such poems as the Leonorenlieder and in the confessional poem in which he pleads to his father for mercy.

  • Leonotis (plant genus)

    Lamiaceae: …species of the African genus Leonotis, klip dagga, or lion’s ear (L. nepetifolia), is naturalized throughout the tropics; it has red-orange globe clusters of profuse flowers at the top of the 1- to 2-metre plants. See also Coleus; Mentha; Monarda.

  • Leonotis nepetifolia (plant)

    Lamiaceae: …of the African genus Leonotis, klip dagga, or lion’s ear (L. nepetifolia), is naturalized throughout the tropics; it has red-orange globe clusters of profuse flowers at the top of the 1- to 2-metre plants. See also Coleus; Mentha; Monarda.

  • Leonov, Aleksei (Soviet cosmonaut)

    Aleksei Leonov, Soviet cosmonaut who performed the first space walk. After early schooling in Kaliningrad, Leonov joined the Soviet air force in 1953. He completed his flight training in 1957 and served as a fighter pilot until 1959, when he was selected for cosmonaut training. On March 18, 1965,

  • Leonov, Aleksei Arkhipovich (Soviet cosmonaut)

    Aleksei Leonov, Soviet cosmonaut who performed the first space walk. After early schooling in Kaliningrad, Leonov joined the Soviet air force in 1953. He completed his flight training in 1957 and served as a fighter pilot until 1959, when he was selected for cosmonaut training. On March 18, 1965,

  • Leonov, Leonid Maksimovich (Russian writer)

    Leonid Maksimovich Leonov, Russian novelist and playwright who was admired for the intricate structure of his best narratives and for his ability to convey the complex moral and spiritual dilemmas faced by his characters. His multilayered, psychological approach was strongly influenced by—and often

  • Leonova, Darya (Russian singer)

    Modest Mussorgsky: Life and career: …accompanist of an aging singer, Darya Leonova, Mussorgsky departed on a lengthy concert tour of southern Russia and the Crimean Peninsula. On his return he tried teaching at a small school of music in St. Petersburg.

  • Leonowens, Anna Harriette (British writer)

    Anna Harriette Leonowens, British writer and governess employed by King Mongkut (Rama IV) of Siam for the instruction of his children, including his son and successor, Prince Chulalongkorn. Edwards spent her childhood in India. She married Thomas Leon Owens, a clerk, in 1849; the two surnames were

  • Leontes (river, Lebanon)

    Lī?ānī River, chief river of Lebanon, rising in a low divide west of Baalbek and flowing southwestward through the Al-Biqā? Valley between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains. Near Marj ?Uyūn it bends sharply west and cuts a spectacular gorge up to 900 feet (275 metres) deep through the Lebanon

  • Leontes (fictional character)

    The Winter's Tale: The play opens with Leontes, the king of Sicilia, entertaining his old friend Polixenes, the king of Bohemia. Leontes jealously mistakes the courtesy between his wife, Hermione, and Polixenes as a sign of Hermione’s adultery with him. In a fit of jealousy, he attempts to have Polixenes killed, but…

  • Leontideus rosalia (primate)

    Golden lion marmoset, (Leontopithecus rosalia), species of tamarin having a lionlike thick mane, a black face, and long, silky, golden fur. A striking-looking animal, it is found only in fragmented forest habitats in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, where it is listed as

  • Leontief Paradox (political economics)

    Wassily Leontief: …also is known for the “Leontief Paradox.” Economists had previously held that a country’s exports reflect the commodity most abundant in that country—i.e., labour or capital. However, as Leontief pointed out, though the United States has more capital than most other nations, the majority of its exports were of labour-intensive…

  • Leontief, Wassily (American economist)

    Wassily Leontief, Russian-born American economist who has been called the father of input-output analysis in econometrics and who won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1973. Leontief was a student at the University of Leningrad (1921–25) and the University of Berlin (1925–28). He immigrated to the

  • Leontiev, Konstantin Nikolayevich (Russian author)

    Konstantin Nikolayevich Leontyev, Russian essayist who questioned the benefits derived by Russia from following contemporary industrial and egalitarian developments in Europe. A military surgeon in the Crimean War, Leontyev later entered the Russian consular service, where he held posts in Crete,

  • Leontini (ancient town, Sicily)

    Leontini, ancient Greek town of southeastern Sicily, 22 miles northwest of Syracuse. Originally held by the Sicels (Siculi), its command of the fertile plain on the north made it an attractive site to the Chalcidians from Naxos, who colonized it in 729 bc. Early in the 5th century Hippocrates of G

  • Leontius of Byzantium (Byzantine monk and theologian)

    Leontius Of Byzantium, Byzantine monk and theologian who provided a breakthrough of terminology in the 6th-century Christological controversy over the mode of union of Christ’s human nature with his divinity. He did so through his introduction of Aristotelian logical categories and Neoplatonic

  • Leontocephalos (mythology)

    dualism: Cosmological and cosmogonic functions: …where the monstrous figure of Leontocephalos (a human figure with a lion’s head, belted by a snake with astral signs) represents the power of astral Destiny-Time to be transcended by the soul—a power that is a basic presupposition of astrology and magic. On the other hand, the heaven-earth opposition cannot…

  • Leontopithecus (primate)

    marmoset: Lion tamarins (genus Leontopithecus) are named for their thick manes, and all four species are endangered, three of them critically; one (L. caissara) was first discovered in 1990. Lion tamarins are larger than “true” marmosets and have long, slender hands and fingers, which they use…

  • Leontopithecus rosalia (primate)

    Golden lion marmoset, (Leontopithecus rosalia), species of tamarin having a lionlike thick mane, a black face, and long, silky, golden fur. A striking-looking animal, it is found only in fragmented forest habitats in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, where it is listed as

  • Leontopodium alpinum (plant)

    Edelweiss, (Leontopodium alpinum), perennial plant of the family Asteraceae, native to alpine areas of Europe and South America. It has 2 to 10 yellow flower heads in a dense cluster, and, below these flower heads, 6 to 9 lance-shaped, woolly, white leaves are arranged in the form of a star. An

  • Leontovych, Mykola (Ukrainian musician)

    Ukraine: Music: …Kyrylo Stetsenko, Yakiv Stepovy, and Mykola Leontovych, the latter excelling in polyphonic arrangements of ancient folk music.

  • Leontyev, Konstantin Nikolayevich (Russian author)

    Konstantin Nikolayevich Leontyev, Russian essayist who questioned the benefits derived by Russia from following contemporary industrial and egalitarian developments in Europe. A military surgeon in the Crimean War, Leontyev later entered the Russian consular service, where he held posts in Crete,

  • leopard (mammal)

    Leopard, (Panthera pardus), large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. The name leopard was originally given to the cat now called cheetah—the so-called hunting leopard—which was once thought to be a cross between the lion and the pard. The term pard was eventually replaced by the

  • leopard (coin)

    coin: Gold coinage: … issued his fine gold series—florin, leopard, and helm (12 and 14 florin)—but his attempt to introduce a gold currency failed. A gold coinage was finally established in currency in 1351 with a noble of 120 grains of gold and its subdivisions, the half- and quarter-noble. In the same year, the…

  • leopard cat (mammal)

    Leopard cat, (Prionailurus bengalensis), forest-dwelling cat, of the family Felidae, found across India, Southeast Asia, and nearby islands. The leopard cat is noted for its leopard-like colouring. The species is generally divided into one mainland subspecies, P. bengalensis bengalensis, and

  • leopard corydoras (fish)

    corydoras: …band on each side; the leopard corydoras (C. julii), a silvery catfish patterned in black with stripes, short lines, and numerous small spots; and the peppered corydoras (C. paleatus), a pale, yellowish brown fish marked with dark spots and streaks.

  • leopard frog (amphibian)

    Leopard frog, group of North American frogs (family Ranidae) occurring throughout North America (except in the coastal band from California to British Columbia) from northern Canada southward into Mexico. At one time the leopard frog was considered a single species, Rana pipiens, but, during its

  • leopard lily (plant)

    Blackberry lily, with red-spotted orange flowers, a popular garden flower. It is native to East Asia and is naturalized in some parts of North America. It is a member of the iris family (Iridaceae) and has branching stems, lower, grassy foliage, a stout rootstalk, and blackberry-like seeds. The

  • leopard lily (Sansevieria)
  • leopard lizard (reptile)

    Leopard lizard, any of three species of Gambelia in the lizard family Crotaphytidae. The long-nosed leopard lizard (G. wislizenii) is large and spotted; it inhabits arid and semi-arid areas in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The blunt-nosed leopard lizard (G. sila) occurs only

  • leopard moth (insect)

    Leopard moth, (Zeuzera pyrina), widely distributed insect of the family Cossidae (order Lepidoptera), known particularly for its destructive larva. The adult moth has a fluffy white body and pale wings (span about four to six centimetres) with numerous black or blue spots and blotches. They fly at

  • leopard seal (mammal)

    Leopard seal, (Hydrurga leptonyx), generally solitary, earless seal (family Phocidae) that inhabits Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions. The only seal that feeds on penguins, young seals, and other warm-blooded prey, the leopard seal is a slender animal with a relatively long head and long,

  • leopard shark (fish)

    Leopard shark, (Triakis semifasciata), small shark of the family Triakidae found in shallow water along the Pacific coast of the United States. A slim, narrow-headed shark with small, three-cusped teeth, it grows about 90 to 150 centimetres (3 to 5 feet) long. It is gray, distinctively marked with

  • Leopard society (African secret society)

    Calabar: …of Old Calabar by the Ekpe secret society, which was controlled by the towns’ merchant houses.

  • leopard society (African religion)

    myth: Relationships of transformation: …phenomenon is the existence of leopard societies in Africa. In these a practitioner is believed to be able to transform himself into an animal frequently considered to be his incarnate “second self.”

  • leopard’s bane (plant)

    Leopard’s bane, any plant of the genus Doronicum of the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 40 species of perennial herbs native to Eurasia. They have large flower heads with yellow disk flowers and one row of yellow ray flowers. Some leaves are clustered at the base and others alternate along

  • Leopard, The (novel by Tomasi di Lampedusa)

    The Leopard, novel by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, published in 1958 as Il gattopardo. The novel is a psychological study of Don Fabrizio, prince of Salina (called the Leopard, after his family crest), who witnesses with detachment the transfer of power in Sicily from the old Bourbon aristocracy

  • Leopardi, Alessandro (Venetian metal founder, goldsmith, and architect)

    Alessandro Leopardi, metal founder, goldsmith, and architect best known for designing the base and completing the casting (from Andrea del Verrocchio’s model) of the bronze equestrian statue of the condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni in Venice. He also is known to have worked as an architect and

  • Leopardi, Giacomo (Italian poet and philosopher)

    Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet, scholar, and philosopher whose outstanding scholarly and philosophical works and superb lyric poetry place him among the great writers of the 19th century. A precocious, congenitally deformed child of noble but apparently insensitive parents, Giacomo quickly

  • Leopardus geoffroyi (mammal)

    Geoffroy’s cat, (Oncifelis geoffroyi), South American cat of the family Felidae, found in mountainous regions, especially in Argentina. It is gray or brown with black markings and grows to a length of about 90 cm (36 inches), including a tail of about 40 cm (16 inches). Geoffroy’s cat climbs well

  • Leopardus pajeros (mammal)

    Pampas cat, (Felis colocolo), small cat, family Felidae, native to South America. It is about 60 cm (24 inches) long, including the 30-centimetre tail. The coat is long-haired and grayish with brown markings which in some individuals may be indistinct. Little is known about the habits of the pampas

  • Leopardus pardalis (mammal)

    Ocelot, (Felis, or Leopardus, pardalis), spotted cat of the New World, found in lowland areas from Texas southward to northern Argentina. The short, smooth fur is patterned with elongated, black-edged spots that are arranged in chainlike bands. The cat’s upper parts vary in colour from light or

  • Leopardus wiedii (mammal)

    Margay, (Leopardus wiedii), small cat (family Felidae) that ranges from South through Central America and, rarely, into the extreme southern United States. Little is known about the habits of the margay. It lives in forests and presumably is nocturnal, feeding on small prey such as birds, frogs,

  • Leopold and Loeb (American murderers)

    Leopold and Loeb, two celebrated Chicago murderers of 1924, who confessed to the kidnapping and murder of 14-year-old Robert (“Bobby”) Franks for an “intellectual” thrill. Pleading guilty, Nathan F. Leopold, Jr. (in full Nathan Freudenthal Leopold, Jr.; b. November 19, 1904, Chicago, Illinois,

  • Leopold Anton Johann Sigismund Joseph Korsinus Ferdinand, Count von Berchtold (Austro-Hungarian foreign minister)

    Leopold, Graf von Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister whose ultimatum to Serbia (July 23, 1914) was followed (August 1) by the outbreak of World War I. A wealthy landowner in Hungary and Moravia, Berchtold, through marriage, became one of the richest men in Austria-Hungary. He entered the

  • Leopold Filips Karel Albert Meinrad Hubertus Maria Miguel (king of Belgium)

    Leopold III, king of the Belgians, whose actions as commander in chief of the Belgian army during the German conquest of Belgium (1940) in World War II aroused opposition to his rule, eventually leading to his abdication in 1951. The son of Albert I and his consort Elisabeth of Bavaria, Leopold

  • Leopold George Christiaan Frederik (king of Belgium)

    Leopold I, first king of the Belgians (1831–65), who helped strengthen the nation’s new parliamentary system and, as a leading figure in European diplomacy, scrupulously maintained Belgian neutrality. The fourth son of Francis, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leopold served with the allies against

  • Leopold I (duke of Austria)

    Austria: Accession of the Habsburgs: …Frederick I (the Fair) and Leopold I, managed to maintain control. Frederick stood for election as German king (as Frederick III), and for the next several years the Habsburg countries had to support the cost of the war with his rival, Louis IV of Bavaria, until 1322, when Frederick was…

  • Leopold I (margrave of Austria)

    House of Babenberg: Leopold I of Babenberg became margrave of Austria in 976. The Babenbergs’ power was modest, however, until the 12th century, when they came to dominate the Austrian nobility. With the death of Duke Frederick II in 1246, the male line of the Babenbergs ended, and…

  • Leopold I (king of Belgium)

    Leopold I, first king of the Belgians (1831–65), who helped strengthen the nation’s new parliamentary system and, as a leading figure in European diplomacy, scrupulously maintained Belgian neutrality. The fourth son of Francis, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leopold served with the allies against

  • Leopold I (Holy Roman emperor)

    Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor during whose lengthy reign (1658–1705) Austria emerged from a series of struggles with the Turks and the French to become a great European power, in which monarchical absolutism and administrative centralism gained ascendancy. Leopold, the second son of Ferdinand III’s

  • Leopold I (prince of Anhalt-Dessau)

    Leopold I, prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal and reformer and inventor of the iron ramrod; he founded the old Prussian military system that, generally unchanged until 1806, enabled Frederick II the Great to propel Prussia to the position of a European power. Beginning his military

  • Leopold II (grand duke of Tuscany)

    Leopold II, last reigning grand duke of Tuscany (ruled 1824–59). Succeeding his father, Ferdinand III, on June 18, 1824, Leopold continued liberal administrative, judicial, and educational reforms and improved the transportation system. After the election (1846) of the popular and democratic Pope

  • Leopold II (Holy Roman emperor)

    Leopold II, Holy Roman emperor from 1790 to 1792, one of the most capable of the 18th-century reformist rulers known as the “enlightened despots.” The third son of the Habsburg Maria Theresa and the emperor Francis I, Leopold succeeded his father as duke of Tuscany when his eldest brother became

  • Leopold II (king of Belgium)

    Leopold II, king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909. Keen on establishing Belgium as an imperial power, he led the first European efforts to develop the Congo River basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the Congo Free State, annexed in 1908 as the Belgian Congo and now the Democratic

  • Leopold II (Babenberg margrave)

    Austria: Early Babenberg period: …influenced the next Babenberg margrave, Leopold II, to abandon Henry’s cause. As a result, Henry roused the Bohemian duke Vratislav II against him, and in 1082 Leopold II was defeated near Mailberg, his territories north of the Danube devastated. The Babenbergs, however, managed to survive these setbacks. Meanwhile, the cause…

  • Léopold II, Lac (lake, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Lake Mai-Ndombe, lake in western Congo (Kinshasa), east of the Congo River and south-southeast of Lake Tumba. It covers approximately 890 square miles (2,300 square km) and is about 80 miles (130 km) long and up to 25 miles (40 km) wide. It empties south through the Fimi River into the Kasai.

  • Leopold II, Lake (lake, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Lake Mai-Ndombe, lake in western Congo (Kinshasa), east of the Congo River and south-southeast of Lake Tumba. It covers approximately 890 square miles (2,300 square km) and is about 80 miles (130 km) long and up to 25 miles (40 km) wide. It empties south through the Fimi River into the Kasai.

  • Leopold III (duke of Austria)

    House of Habsburg: Austria and the rise of the Habsburgs in Germany: …the brothers Albert III and Leopold III of Austria agreed on a partition (Treaty of Neuberg, 1379): Albert took Austria, Leopold took Styria, Carinthia, and Tirol.

  • Leopold III (king of Belgium)

    Leopold III, king of the Belgians, whose actions as commander in chief of the Belgian army during the German conquest of Belgium (1940) in World War II aroused opposition to his rule, eventually leading to his abdication in 1951. The son of Albert I and his consort Elisabeth of Bavaria, Leopold

  • Leopold III (ruler of Babenberg)

    Austria: Early Babenberg period: Under Leopold III (1095–1136) the history of the Babenbergs reached its first culmination point. In the struggle between emperor and pope, Leopold avoided taking sides until a consensus had built up among the German princes that it was Emperor Henry IV who stood in the way…

  • Leopold IV (duke of Austria)

    Austria: Early Babenberg period: …Welfs, on his half brother, Leopold IV. After the latter’s untimely death, Henry II Jasomirgott succeeded to the rule of Austria and Bavaria.

  • Leopold Lodewijk Filips Maria Victor (king of Belgium)

    Leopold II, king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909. Keen on establishing Belgium as an imperial power, he led the first European efforts to develop the Congo River basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the Congo Free State, annexed in 1908 as the Belgian Congo and now the Democratic

  • Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau (prince of Anhalt-Dessau)

    Leopold I, prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal and reformer and inventor of the iron ramrod; he founded the old Prussian military system that, generally unchanged until 1806, enabled Frederick II the Great to propel Prussia to the position of a European power. Beginning his military

  • Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Prince (Prussian prince)

    Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Prussian candidate for the Spanish throne. He was a member of the Swabian line of the Hohenzollern dynasty and the brother of Carol I of Romania. Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and Spain’s de facto leader, Juan Prim (1814–70), persuaded the reluctant

  • Leopold of K?then (German prince)

    Johann Sebastian Bach: The Weimar period: …as musical director to Prince Leopold of K?then, which was confirmed in August 1717. Duke Wilhelm, however, refused to accept his resignation—partly, perhaps, because of Bach’s friendship with the duke’s nephews, with whom the duke was on the worst of terms. About September a contest between Bach and the famous…

  • Leopold V (duke of Austria)

    flag of Austria: …stripe, is attributed to Duke Leopold V in the late 12th century. Legend has it that King Henry VI granted him that shield because the duke’s tunic was drenched in blood, except for the white area beneath his belt, after the Battle of Ptolemais in 1191 in the Holy Land.…

  • Leopold VI (duke of Austria)

    Austria: Later Babenberg period: His brother Leopold VI, the most outstanding member of the family, then took over as sole ruler (1198–1230). This was a time of great prosperity for the Babenberg countries. In imperial politics Leopold VI again took sides with the Hohenstaufen, backing Philip of Swabia. In church matters…

  • Leopold’s Diploma (Transylvanian history)

    Diploma Leopoldinum, (English: “Leopold’s Diploma”) decree issued in October 1690 by Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor and king of Hungary (1658–1705), after the Ottoman Turks had been driven from central Hungary in 1686. The decree established the political status and the freedoms of Transylvania,

  • Leopold, Aldo (American environmentalist)

    Aldo Leopold, American environmentalist whose book A Sand County Almanac (1949) was read by millions and strongly influenced the budding environmental movement. After attending Yale University, Leopold worked for the U.S. Forest Service (1909–28), mainly in the Southwest. In 1924 the country’s

  • Leopold, Carl Gustaf af (Swedish poet)

    Carl Gustaf af Leopold, Swedish court poet in the service of the enlightened monarch Gustav III. After study at Uppsala and Greifswald, Leopold began his career in 1792 with skillful articles and polemical essays propagating the rational ideas of the Enlightenment and parrying the criticism of the

  • Leopold, Isaiah Edward (American actor)

    Ed Wynn, American comedian and actor in vaudeville, theatre, and motion pictures and on radio and television. He was also a producer, author, and songwriter. Wynn made his professional debut with the Thurber-Nasher Repertoire Company in Norwich, Conn., in 1902 and acquired the nickname of the

  • Leopold, Jan Hendrik (Dutch poet)

    Jan Hendrik Leopold, poet whose unique expression and masterly technique set him apart from other heirs to the Dutch literary renaissance of the 1880s. His poetry is often wistful and melancholy in mood, conveying a desolating solitude of spirit that was probably accentuated by his deafness; he

  • Leopold, Nathan F., Jr. (American murderer)

    Leopold and Loeb: Wealthy and intellectually brilliant (Leopold had graduated from the University of Chicago at 18, Loeb from the University of Michigan at 17), the two had committed several petty acts of theft and arson before attempting the “perfect murder”—in the kidnap of Bobby Franks in a rented automobile on May…

  • Leopold, Nathan Freudenthal, Jr. (American murderer)

    Leopold and Loeb: Wealthy and intellectually brilliant (Leopold had graduated from the University of Chicago at 18, Loeb from the University of Michigan at 17), the two had committed several petty acts of theft and arson before attempting the “perfect murder”—in the kidnap of Bobby Franks in a rented automobile on May…

  • Leopold, Rand Aldo (American environmentalist)

    Aldo Leopold, American environmentalist whose book A Sand County Almanac (1949) was read by millions and strongly influenced the budding environmental movement. After attending Yale University, Leopold worked for the U.S. Forest Service (1909–28), mainly in the Southwest. In 1924 the country’s

  • Léopold-Georges-Chrétien-Frédéric (king of Belgium)

    Leopold I, first king of the Belgians (1831–65), who helped strengthen the nation’s new parliamentary system and, as a leading figure in European diplomacy, scrupulously maintained Belgian neutrality. The fourth son of Francis, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leopold served with the allies against

  • Leopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor (king of Belgium)

    Leopold II, king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909. Keen on establishing Belgium as an imperial power, he led the first European efforts to develop the Congo River basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the Congo Free State, annexed in 1908 as the Belgian Congo and now the Democratic

  • Léopold-Philippe-Charles-Albert-Meinrad-Hubertus-Marie-Miguel (king of Belgium)

    Leopold III, king of the Belgians, whose actions as commander in chief of the Belgian army during the German conquest of Belgium (1940) in World War II aroused opposition to his rule, eventually leading to his abdication in 1951. The son of Albert I and his consort Elisabeth of Bavaria, Leopold

  • Leopoldinia pulchra (plant)

    palm: Ecology: …or river margins (Astrocaryum jauari, Leopoldinia pulchra) where competition is limited.

  • Leopoldovna, Anna (regent of Russia)

    Anna, regent of Russia (November 1740–November 1741) for her son, the emperor Ivan VI. A niece of Empress Anna (reigned 1730–40), Anna Leopoldovna married a nephew of the Holy Roman emperor Charles VI in 1739 and gave birth to a son, Ivan (Aug. 2 [Aug. 13], 1740), who was named heir to the R

  • Leopoldstadt (district, Vienna, Austria)

    Vienna: Layout and architecture: Leopoldstadt (district II) was the area allotted in 1622 to the Jews, who lived there until 1938. In this district is the famous 3,200-acre (1,295-hectare) Prater, formerly the hunting and riding preserve of the aristocracy but since 1766 a public park whose amenities include a…

  • Léopoldville (national capital, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Kinshasa, largest city and capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies about 320 miles (515 km) from the Atlantic Ocean on the south bank of the Congo River. One of the largest cities of sub-Saharan Africa, it is a special political unit equivalent to a Congolese region, with its own

  • leopon (mammal)

    lion: Distribution: …leopard and a lioness, a leopon. The cat known as the mountain lion (see puma), however, is a New World member of the genus Puma.

  • Leosthenes (Greek mercenary)

    Lamian War: …commander was the Athenian mercenary Leosthenes, who seized Thermopylae and kept a Macedonian army under Antipater blockaded in the city of Lamía until the spring of 322, when the arrival of Macedonian reinforcements from Asia forced them to raise the siege. Antipater retreated to Macedonia to regroup, but Leosthenes had…

  • Léotard, Ange-Philippe (French actor and poet)

    Philippe Léotard, French actor, poet, and chansonnier (born Aug. 28, 1940, Nice, France—died Aug. 25, 2001, Paris, France), appeared in more than 70 French- and English-language films, including French Connection II (1975), Les Misérables (1995), and La Balance (1982; The Nark), for which he won a

  • Léotard, Jules (French acrobat)

    circus: Acts of skill: …invented by the French acrobat Jules Léotard in 1859. That same year another Frenchman, Jean-Fran?ois Gravelet (stage name “Blondin”), crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope. These events excited public interest in the work of the aerial gymnast and acrobat. By the turn of the 20th century, acrobatic acts had grown…

  • Léotard, Philippe (French actor and poet)

    Philippe Léotard, French actor, poet, and chansonnier (born Aug. 28, 1940, Nice, France—died Aug. 25, 2001, Paris, France), appeared in more than 70 French- and English-language films, including French Connection II (1975), Les Misérables (1995), and La Balance (1982; The Nark), for which he won a

  • Leotichiidae (insect family)

    heteropteran: Annotated classification: Family Leotichiidae Structure suggestive of Saldidae but distinguished by strong median ridge on pronotum; habits unlike Hebridae; one of the two known species (both from southeastern Asia) occurs in caves. Suborder Geocorisae Trichobothria either present on abdomen or absent from both abdomen and head; antennae longer…

  • Leotiomycetes (class of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Class Leotiomycetes Parasitic on plants, especially fruits; thin-walled, inoperculate asci, generally with amyloid apical rings; includes mildews; contains 5 orders. Order Cyttariales Parasitic on plants, causes gall formation, especially on beech trees; spherical, dimpled ascocarps that are yellow to orange

  • Leotychidas (king of Sparta)

    Leotychides, Spartan king of the Eurypontid family and a successful military commander during the Greco-Persian wars. In 491 he acceded to the throne held by his cousin, Demaratus, after the coruler (Sparta having a dual kingship), Cleomenes I, had bribed the Delphic oracle to declare Demaratus i

  • Leotychides (king of Sparta)

    Leotychides, Spartan king of the Eurypontid family and a successful military commander during the Greco-Persian wars. In 491 he acceded to the throne held by his cousin, Demaratus, after the coruler (Sparta having a dual kingship), Cleomenes I, had bribed the Delphic oracle to declare Demaratus i

  • Leovigild (king of the Visigoths)

    Leovigild, the last Arian ruler in Visigothic Spain, who did much to restore the extent and power of the Visigothic kingdom. Brother of King Athanagild (d. 567), Leovigild succeeded (568) to that part of the Visigothic kingdom that lay south of the Pyrenees. Another brother, Liuva, ruled in

  • LEP (device)

    colliding-beam storage ring: …particle accelerators such as the Large Electron-Positron (LEP) collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva and the Tevatron at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois.

  • LEP (French education)

    lycée: …the vocational upper-secondary school (LEP; lycée d’enseignement professionel), which offers a range of technical-vocational studies that give access to corresponding studies in higher education. Students entering the LEP choose courses of study leading to one of 30 or so technical baccalauréats.

  • Lepadidae (crustacean)

    barnacle: …(stalked) forms include the common goose barnacle (genus Lepas), found worldwide on driftwood. Acorn barnacles, also called rock barnacles, are sessile (not stalked); their symmetrical shells tend to be barrellike or broadly conical. This group includes Balanus, responsible for much of the fouling of ships and harbour structures. Wart barnacles,…

  • Lepadomorpha (crustacean)

    cirripede: Annotated classification: …and 4 extant (Heteralepadomorpha, Iblomorpha, Lepadomorpha, and Scalpellomorpha), the 3 best-known characterized below. Order Sessilia (operculate or sessile barnacles) Late Jurassic?, Cretaceous to present; capitulum relatively rigid; cemented directly to the substratum; supporting an operculum of 2 or 3 movable plates, or 2 to 3 pairs of movable plates; transient

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