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  • Nyctibius (bird genus)

    Potoo, (genus Nyctibius), any of seven species of solitary, nocturnal birds of the American tropics. Its name imitates the wailing cry, “po-TOO,” made by some species. The potoos’ complex patterns of gray, black, and brown plumage resemble tree bark. During the day, the birds sleep, vertically

  • Nyctibius grandis (bird)

    potoo: ” Another species, the great potoo (N. grandis), belts out a distinct bawl that can disturb people unaccustomed to the nocturnal life of the tropical forest.

  • Nyctibius griseus (bird)

    potoo: One researcher noted a young common potoo (N. griseus, sometimes N. jamaicensis) wandering over the boughs of the nest tree at about four weeks of age. The same nestling made its first trial flights at 47 days and finally left the nest when 50 days old. Other reports indicate the…

  • Nyctibius jamaicensis (bird)

    potoo: One researcher noted a young common potoo (N. griseus, sometimes N. jamaicensis) wandering over the boughs of the nest tree at about four weeks of age. The same nestling made its first trial flights at 47 days and finally left the nest when 50 days old. Other reports indicate the…

  • Nycticebus (primate)

    loris: The eight slow lorises (genus Nycticebus) are more robust and have shorter, stouter limbs, more-rounded snouts, and smaller eyes and ears. They are found in Indonesia and on the Malay Peninsula. The smallest species (N. pygmaeus), restricted to forests east of the Mekong River, is about 25…

  • Nycticebus coucang (primate)

    loris: …25 cm long; the larger N. coucang and its relatives, widespread in Southeast Asia, are about 27–37 cm (about 11–15 inches) long. Slow lorises move more slowly than slender lorises; they feed on insects, small animals, fruit, and vegetation. The females bear one (sometimes two) young after about six months’…

  • Nycticebus javanicus (primate)

    loris: …endangered since 2004, and the Javan slow loris (N. javanicus) has been classified as critically endangered since 2013.

  • Nycticebus pygmaeus (primate)

    loris: The smallest species (N. pygmaeus), restricted to forests east of the Mekong River, is about 25 cm long; the larger N. coucang and its relatives, widespread in Southeast Asia, are about 27–37 cm (about 11–15 inches) long. Slow lorises move more slowly than slender lorises; they feed on…

  • Nycticoracinae (bird)

    heron: Night herons have thicker bills and shorter legs and are more active in the twilight hours and at night. The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) ranges over the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia; the Nankeen night heron (N. caledonicus) in Australia, New Caledonia, and the…

  • Nycticorax caledonicus (bird)

    heron: …Europe, Africa, and Asia; the Nankeen night heron (N. caledonicus) in Australia, New Caledonia, and the Philippines; and the yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea) from the eastern and central United States to southern Brazil. Another night heron is the boat-billed heron, or boatbill (Cochlearius cochlearius), of Central and South America,…

  • Nycticorax nycticorax (bird)

    heron: The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) ranges over the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia; the Nankeen night heron (N. caledonicus) in Australia, New Caledonia, and the Philippines; and the yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea) from the eastern and central United States to southern Brazil. Another night…

  • Nycticryphes semicollaris (bird)

    painted snipe: The South American painted snipe (Nycticryphes semicollaris) is a darker bird with a yellow-striped back.

  • Nyctidromus albicollis (bird)

    Pauraque, (Nyctidromus albicollis), nocturnal bird of brushlands from southern Texas to northern Argentina. It is a relative of the nightjar (q.v.), belonging to the family Caprimulgidae. The pauraque is about 30 cm (about 12 inches) long, with rounded wings and a longish tail. It is mottled brown

  • Nydia the Blind Girl (work by Rogers)

    Western sculpture: 19th-century sculpture: …d’Orsay), and Randolf Rogers’ “Nydia the Blind Girl” (1858).

  • Nye, Bill (American humorist)

    Bill Nye, journalist and one of the major American humorists in the last half of the 19th century. In 1852 Nye’s family moved to Wisconsin, where he later taught school and read law. Settling in Laramie, Wyo., in 1876, he served as postmaster and justice of the peace and contributed to the Denver

  • Nye, Edgar Wilson (American humorist)

    Bill Nye, journalist and one of the major American humorists in the last half of the 19th century. In 1852 Nye’s family moved to Wisconsin, where he later taught school and read law. Settling in Laramie, Wyo., in 1876, he served as postmaster and justice of the peace and contributed to the Denver

  • Nye, Gerald (American politician)

    Hollywood blacklist: …when Senators Burton Wheeler and Gerald Nye led an investigation of Hollywood’s role in promoting Soviet propaganda. Wendell Willkie, the lawyer who defended the studios, revealed the senators’ conflation of Judaism with communism, casting the senators as anti-Semites rather than patriots. Those hearings anticipated the much more infamous and influential

  • Nye, Louis (American comedian)

    Louis Nye, (Louis Neistat), American comedian (born May 1, 1913, Hartford, Conn.—died Oct. 9, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), became known in the 1950s for his television portrayal of the pretentious Gordon Hathaway, a mainstay of the man-on-the-street interviews featured on The Steve Allen Show; his g

  • Nyembzi, C. L. S. (African writer)

    African literature: Zulu: Cyril Lincoln Sibusiso Nyembezi and Otty Ezrom Howard Mandlakayise Nxumalo compiled Zulu customs, as did Leonhard L.J. Mncwango, Moses John Ngcobo, and M.A. Xaba. Violet Dube’s Woza nazo (1935; “Come with Stories”), Alan Hamilton S. Mbata and Garland Clement S. Mdhladhla’s uChakijana bogcololo umphephethi wezinduku…

  • Nyenchen Tangla Mountains (mountains, China)

    Nyainqêntanglha Mountains, mountain range forming the eastern section of a mountain system in the southern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, southwestern China. In the west the system comprises a northern range, the Nganglong (A-ling) Mountains, and a southern range, the Kailas Range, which is

  • Nyerere, Julius (president of Tanzania)

    Julius Nyerere, first prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), who later became the first president of the new state of Tanzania (1964). Nyerere was also the major force behind the Organization of African Unity (OAU; now the African Union). Nyerere was a son of the chief of the small Zanaki

  • Nyerere, Julius Kambarage (president of Tanzania)

    Julius Nyerere, first prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), who later became the first president of the new state of Tanzania (1964). Nyerere was also the major force behind the Organization of African Unity (OAU; now the African Union). Nyerere was a son of the chief of the small Zanaki

  • Nyeri (Kenya)

    Nyeri, town, south-central Kenya. Nyeri lies at an elevation of about 5,750 feet (1,750 metres) in the heart of the Kikuyu people’s homeland, and it was a hub of Mau Mau rebel activity in the 1950s. Nyeri is a pleasingly arranged town in the Aberdare foothills, with extensive green meadows and

  • Nyers, Rezs? (Hungarian economist)

    Hungary: The Kádár regime: Rezs? Nyers, the architect of the NEM, was demoted in 1974, only to be brought back to the Politburo in May 1988, at a time of deepening political and economic crisis. By the end of the 1970s, reformers had again prevailed over their opponents. New…

  • Nygaard, Jens (American pianist and conductor)

    Jens Nygaard, American pianist and conductor (born Oct. 26, 1931, Stephens, Ark.—died Sept. 24, 2001, New York, N.Y.), was the maverick founder and director of the Jupiter Symphony, which for more than two decades offered concerts of rare and unusual classical music in New York City. Nygaard was n

  • Nygaard, Kristen (Norwegian mathematician and computer scientist)

    Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian mathematician and computer scientist who invented, with his coworker Ole-Johan Dahl, the computer programming language SIMULA, which used modules of data, called “objects,” to process data more efficiently than was possible with previous complex software instructions.

  • Nygmia phaeorrhoea (insect)

    tachinid fly: …control the gypsy moth and brown-tail moth attacks more than 200 species of caterpillars. The means of entering the host has become highly evolved among tachinids. Certain tachinid flies attach eggs to their victim’s exoskeleton. When they hatch, the larvae burrow through the exoskeleton. Others deposit living larvae either directly…

  • Nyika (people)

    Nyika, any of several Northeast Bantu-speaking peoples including the Digo, who live along the coast of Kenya and Tanzania south from Mombasa to Pangani; the Giryama, who live north of Mombasa; and the Duruma, Jibana, Rabai, Ribe, Chonyi, Kaura, and Kambe, who live in the arid bush steppe (Swahili:

  • Nyika Desert (desert, Kenya)

    Nyiri Desert, desert, south-central Kenya. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) east of Lake Magadi and near the northern border of Tanzania. The desert encompasses the Amboseli National Park, including the northern half of Lake Amboseli. Nairobi National Park lies at its northern extremity and Tsavo

  • Nyika Plateau (plateau, Mala?i)

    Nyika Plateau, high grassy tableland in northern Mala?i. It is a tilted block extending from the Mzimba Plain northeast to the edge of the Great Rift Valley and Lake Nyasa. Its undulating surface is covered with montane grassland and patches of evergreen forest (including the southernmost

  • Nyikang (African king)

    Shilluk: …first king and culture hero, Nyikang (Nyikango). In addition to several classes of royalty, the Shilluk traditionally were divided into commoners, royal retainers, and slaves. See also Nilot.

  • Nyikango (African king)

    Shilluk: …first king and culture hero, Nyikang (Nyikango). In addition to several classes of royalty, the Shilluk traditionally were divided into commoners, royal retainers, and slaves. See also Nilot.

  • Nyilaskeresztes Párt (Hungarian organization)

    Arrow Cross Party, Hungarian fascist organization that controlled the Hungarian government from October 1944 to April 1945 during World War II. It originated as the Party of National Will founded by Ferenc Szálasi in 1935. Szálasi’s party was quite small and underwent numerous reorganizations; it r

  • Nyima language

    Nilo-Saharan languages: Verbs: …related groups as Saharan, Taman, Nyimang, and the Surmic languages. The verbal markers for causative, dative, and negation also tend to be similar in form. Furthermore, specific verbal inflectional features, such as the widespread forms for the first person singular (usually a verbal prefix a-) and second person singular (usually…

  • Nyimang language

    Nilo-Saharan languages: Verbs: …related groups as Saharan, Taman, Nyimang, and the Surmic languages. The verbal markers for causative, dative, and negation also tend to be similar in form. Furthermore, specific verbal inflectional features, such as the widespread forms for the first person singular (usually a verbal prefix a-) and second person singular (usually…

  • Nyingmapa (Tibetan Buddhist sect)

    Rnying-ma-pa, (Tibetan: “The Old Order”), second largest Buddhist sect in Tibet; it claims to transmit the original teachings of the celebrated Indian Vajrayāna (Tantric Buddhism) master Padmasambhava, who visited Tibet in the 8th century and, with ?āntirak?ita (another Indian teacher), founded a

  • Nyiragongo, Mount (mountain, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Mount Nyiragongo, active volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa. It lies in the volcano region of Virunga National Park, Congo (Kinshasa), near the border with Rwanda, 12 miles (19 km) north of Goma. It is 11,385 feet (3,470 metres) high, with a main crater 1.3 miles (2 km) wide

  • Nyírbátor (Hungary)

    Hajdú-Bihar: Nyírbátor has two historic churches built in the 1480s, one of which has a large, arcaded timber belfry. Area 2,398 square miles (6,211 square km). Pop. (2011) 546,721; (2017 est.) 532,399.

  • Nyíregyháza (Hungary)

    Nyíregyháza, city of county status and seat of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg megye (county), northeastern Hungary. It is a principal settlement of the upper Tisza River region, which coincides approximately with the traditional Nyírség, an area that was for centuries a wilderness of dunes and swamps and

  • Nyiri Desert (desert, Kenya)

    Nyiri Desert, desert, south-central Kenya. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) east of Lake Magadi and near the northern border of Tanzania. The desert encompasses the Amboseli National Park, including the northern half of Lake Amboseli. Nairobi National Park lies at its northern extremity and Tsavo

  • Nyírség (region, Hungary)

    Nyíregyháza: …coincides approximately with the traditional Nyírség, an area that was for centuries a wilderness of dunes and swamps and from which the land was gradually reclaimed. The discovery of natural gas and the possibilities of irrigation improved the region’s economic prospects.

  • Nyishi (people)

    Nyishi, tribal people of eastern Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh (formerly North East Frontier Agency), a mountainous state in northeastern India. They speak a Tibeto-Burman language of the Sino-Tibetan family. The Nyishi support themselves with a slash-and-burn agriculture and with hunting and

  • Nyitra (Slovakia)

    Nitra, town, southwestern Slovakia. It lies along the Nitra River. The centre of the Nitra principality in the beginning of the 9th century, it was later a stronghold and religious centre. The first Christian church in what is now Slovakia was established there in ad 830 and consecrated by Saints

  • Nyk?nen, Matti (Finnish ski jumper)

    Matti Nyk?nen, Finnish ski jumper who was arguably the finest performer in the history of his sport. He was not exceptionally fast down the ski ramp, and he had an unorthodox manner of jumping that did not help him in the style portion of the competition, but he routinely made perfect takeoffs and

  • Nyk?bing Falster (Denmark)

    Nyk?bing Falster, city, western Falster island, Denmark, on Guldborg Sound. It was founded around a 12th-century castle where Christopher II died (1332) and where Christian V was married (1667), and it was chartered in 1539. The city is now a commercial centre. Medieval remains include ruins of the

  • Nyk?ping (Sweden)

    Nyk?ping, town and port, capital of the administrative l?n (county) of S?dermanland, southeastern Sweden. It lies along the Baltic Sea, at the mouth of the Nyk?ping River. The town originated before 1250 as a marketplace near the heights where Nyk?ping Castle was built about 1260. With time this

  • Nykvist, Sven (Swedish cinematographer)

    Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer best known for his subtle, luminous camera work in the films of Ingmar Bergman. Nykvist studied photography, worked as an assistant cameraman, and spent a year at the Italian Cinecittà studios before joining the Swedish production company Sandrews in 1941. He

  • Nylander Museum (museum, Caribou, Maine, United States)

    Caribou: Caribou’s Nylander Museum houses Indian artifacts, minerals, and geologic items collected by the Swedish-born naturalist and geologist Olaf Nylander. Caribou was the departure point for the first solo transatlantic balloon flight (1984). Inc. city, 1968. Pop. (2000) 8,312; (2010) 8,189.

  • Nylanderia fulva (insect)

    ant: …been displaced by the invasive tawny crazy ant (also called hairy crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva), a species known in South America that was first detected in the United States (in Texas) in 2002. The hairy crazy ant is extremely difficult to control and is considered to be a major pest…

  • Nylen, Carl (American physician)

    otolaryngology: In 1921 Carl Nylen pioneered in the use of a high-powered binocular microscope to perform ear surgery; the operating microscope opened the way to several new corrective procedures on the delicate structures of the ear. Another important 20th-century achievement was the development in the 1930s of the…

  • nylon

    Nylon, any synthetic plastic material composed of polyamides of high molecular weight and usually, but not always, manufactured as a fibre. Nylons were developed in the 1930s by a research team headed by an American chemist, Wallace H. Carothers, working for E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. The

  • nylon 6,6

    Nylon, any synthetic plastic material composed of polyamides of high molecular weight and usually, but not always, manufactured as a fibre. Nylons were developed in the 1930s by a research team headed by an American chemist, Wallace H. Carothers, working for E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. The

  • nylon-6 (fibre)

    major industrial polymers: Nylon: …the DuPont fibre was marketed, nylon 6 (polycaprolactam) was produced in Europe based on the polymerization of caprolactam. Nylon 6 and nylon 6,6 have almost the same structure and similar properties and are still the most important polyamide fibres worldwide. Their repeating units have the following structure:

  • Nym (fictional character)

    The Merry Wives of Windsor: … plays, such as Pistol, Bardolph, Nym, Mistress Quickly, and Justice Shallow. They are all in a delightfully new environment. Falstaff takes a fancy to two married women, Mistress Page and Mistress Ford, who are said to control their own financial affairs and thus to be moderately wealthy. He writes identical…

  • Nyman, Anna Lena Elisabet (Swedish actress)

    Lena Nyman, (Anna Lena Elisabet Nyman), Swedish actress (born May 23, 1944, Stockholm, Swed.—died Feb. 4, 2011, Stockholm), starred in the sexually explicit film I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967), which became a huge international box-office hit in spite of—or, according to some observers, because

  • Nyman, Lena (Swedish actress)

    Lena Nyman, (Anna Lena Elisabet Nyman), Swedish actress (born May 23, 1944, Stockholm, Swed.—died Feb. 4, 2011, Stockholm), starred in the sexually explicit film I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967), which became a huge international box-office hit in spite of—or, according to some observers, because

  • nymph (Greek mythology)

    Nymph, in Greek mythology, any of a large class of inferior female divinities. The nymphs were usually associated with fertile, growing things, such as trees, or with water. They were not immortal but were extremely long-lived and were on the whole kindly disposed toward men. They were

  • nymph (fishing)

    fly-tying: …the fish as either a nymph, a drowned mature fly, a minnow, or at any rate a morsel. The third is the nymph, which seeks to imitate the nymphal or larval stage of a fly’s life. Nymphs are tied to represent larvae that have been dislodged from their mooring on…

  • nymph (entomology)

    Nymph, in entomology, sexually immature form usually similar to the adult and found in such insects as grasshoppers and cockroaches, which have incomplete, or hemimetabolic, metamorphosis (see metamorphosis). Wings, if present, develop from external wing buds after the first few molts. The body

  • Nymph and the Lamp, The (work by Raddall)

    Thomas Head Raddall: He also published The Nymph and the Lamp (1950), a story of contemporary life at a Canadian wireless station; a historical work, Halifax, Warden of the North (1948); and the short-story collections At the Tide’s Turn (1959) and The Dreamers (1986). Other novels include Pride’s Fancy (1946) and…

  • Nymph of the Luo River (painting by Gu Kaizhi)

    Gu Kaizhi: …hand scroll known as the Nymph of the Luo River, illustrating a Daoist poem, exist today. His essay “Hua Yuntaishan Ji” (“On Painting the Cloud Terrace Mountain”) is also Daoist in content. The famous hand scroll entitled The Admonitions of the Court Instructress bears a signature of Gu Kaizhi, though…

  • Nymphaea (plant genus)

    Nymphaeales: …(1 inch) in diameter, to Nymphaea, which produce leaves 50 cm (about 18 inches) wide that can cover an area 2.5 metres (8 feet) in diameter in one summer. Largest of all is Victoria, which has impressive circular, floating leaves that attain 2 metres (6.5 feet) in diameter and flowers…

  • Nymphaea alba (plant)

    water lily: The European white water lily is N. alba. Both species have reddish leaves when young and large fragrant flowers. The leaf blades of N. alba have a deep, narrow notch. Other species of Nymphaea have pink, yellow, red, or blue flowers; many kinds are of hybrid…

  • Nymphaea caerulea (plant)

    lotus: The blue lotus (N. caerulea) was the dominant lotus in Egyptian art. The sacred lotus of the Hindus is an aquatic plant (Nelumbo nucifera) with white or delicate pink flowers; the lotus of eastern North America is Nelumbo pentapetala, a similar plant with yellow blossoms (see…

  • Nymphaea lotus (plant)

    lotus: The Egyptian lotus is a white water lily, Nymphaea lotus (family Nymphaeaceae). The blue lotus (N. caerulea) was the dominant lotus in Egyptian art. The sacred lotus of the Hindus is an aquatic plant (Nelumbo nucifera) with white or delicate pink flowers; the lotus of eastern…

  • Nymphaea odorata (plant)

    Nymphaeales: The fragrant N. odorata, native to the eastern United States, with 13-cm (5-inch) white flowers, and its cultivars (horticultural varieties) are widely grown in parks, gardens, and natural ponds in warm temperate regions. Nuphar (yellow pond lily) is noted for its globose flowers, which are often held…

  • Nymphaeaceae (plant family)

    Water lily, (family Nymphaeaceae), any of 58 species in 6 genera of freshwater plants native to the temperate and tropical parts of the world. Most species of water lilies have rounded, variously notched, waxy-coated leaves on long stalks that contain many air spaces and float in quiet freshwater

  • Nymphaeales (plant order)

    Nymphaeales, the water lily order of flowering plants, a basal branch of angiosperms, or flowering plants, containing 3 families, 9 genera, and 74 species. In older botanical classification systems, the order was included in the dicotyledon class (Magnoliopsida, characterized by two seed leaves).

  • nymphaeum (ancient Greco-Roman sanctuary)

    Nymphaeum, ancient Greek and Roman sanctuary consecrated to water nymphs. The name—though originally denoting a natural grotto with springs and streams, traditionally considered the habitat of nymphs—later referred to an artificial grotto or a building filled with plants and flowers, sculpture,

  • Nymphaeum, Treaty of (Byzantium-Genoa)

    Boccanegra Family: …Michael VIII Palaeologus of the Treaty of Nymphaeum in 1261, an offensive-defensive alliance that opened up the Black Sea and the Byzantine Empire to Genoese commerce. Later the same year Guglielmo’s brother Marino, commanding a Genoese fleet, helped the Byzantines to recover Constantinople from Venice. In 1262 Genoese nobles overthrew…

  • Nymphalidae (insect)

    Brush-footed butterfly, (family Nymphalidae), any of a group of butterflies (order Lepidoptera) that are named for their characteristically reduced forelegs, which are frequently hairy and resemble brushes. The insects’ alternative name derives from the fact that there are only four functional, or

  • Nymphalinae (butterfly subfamily)

    lepidopteran: Annotated classification: …that here are considered subfamilies; Nymphalinae is the main subfamily, with many familiar species such as the fritillaries, admirals, checkerspots, and anglewings; many tropical species brilliantly iridescent; Satyrinae contains the familiar wood nymphs, meadow browns, and heaths, usually with eyespots on the wings; larvae distinctively pointed at the rear; spin…

  • Nymphalis antiopa (insect)

    brush-footed butterfly: The mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa), known as the Camberwell beauty in England, overwinter as adults. The larvae, often known as spiny elm caterpillars, are gregarious in habit and feed principally on elm, willow, and poplar foliage.

  • Nymphenburg (Germany)

    pottery: Porcelain: …Anton Bustelli, who worked at Nymphenburg, a suburb of Munich. The factory, which is still in operation, was started about 1753. Bustelli became Modellmeister in 1754 and retained the position until his death in 1763. His magnificent series of figures based on the Italian comedy are the most important expression…

  • Nymphenburg (palace, Germany)

    Nymphenburg, palace, formerly the summer residence outside Munich of the Wittelsbachs, the former ruling family of Bavaria. The late Baroque structure was begun in 1664 by the Prince Elector Maximilian II Emanuel. It was enlarged and annexes were built through the reign of Maximilian III Joseph

  • Nymphenburg porcelain

    Nymphenburg porcelain, German hard-paste, or true, porcelain produced in Bavaria from around the middle of the 18th century until the present day. The first factory was established in 1747 at the castle of Neudeck, outside Munich, by Maximilian III Joseph, elector of Bavaria. The wares produced

  • Nymphicus hollandicus (bird)

    Cockatiel, Crested, small, gray Australian parrot (Nymphicus hollandicus). It has a yellow head, red ear patches, and a heavy beak used to crack nuts. The cockatiel is in the same family (Cacatuidae) as the larger cockatoo. About 13 in. (32 cm) long, the cockatiel lives in open areas and eats grass

  • Nymphidia (poem by Drayton)

    Mab: …Michael Drayton’s mock-epic fairy poem Nymphidia (1627), she is the wife of the fairy king Oberon and is the queen of the diminutive fairies. Mab is similarly mentioned as a pixielike fairy in works by Ben Jonson, John Milton, and Robert Herrick. Her place as queen of the fairies in…

  • Nymphomaniac (film by von Trier [2013])

    Lars von Trier: His next film, Nymphomaniac, was released in two volumes (2013). It chronicled the carnal activities of a single woman—played by several actresses at different ages—from her first experiences to her later assignations. The film was highly controversial because of its depiction of unsimulated sex acts. He next directed…

  • Nymphs, Hill of the (hill, Athens, Greece)

    Athens: Other notable buildings: …(Apostle Paul Avenue) are the Hill of the Nymphs, where an Austro-Greek, Baron Sina, built an observatory in 1842; the Hill of the Muses, crowned with the remains of the marble monument to Philopappus, a Syrian who was Roman consul in the 2nd century ce; and the middle hill, the…

  • Nymphulinae (insect subfamily)

    lepidopteran: Annotated classification: …by wing venation; small subfamily Nymphulinae has aquatic larvae with tracheal gills for living in still or running fresh water; larvae of subfamily Pyralinae are mostly scavengers, as are those of the Galleriinae, many of which live in bee or wasp nests; larvae of the large subfamily Phycitinae have very…

  • nymphus (Mithraism)

    mystery religion: Rites and festivals: degrees of initiations: Corax (Raven), Nymphus (Bridegroom), Miles (Soldier), Leo (Lion), Perses (Persian), Heliodromus (Courier of the Sun), and Pater (Father). Those in the lowest ranks, certainly the Corax, were the servants of the community during the sacred meal of bread and water that formed part of the rite.

  • Nymylan language

    Paleo-Siberian languages: Yeniseian, Luorawetlan, and Nivkh: …of Siberian Yupik (Eskimo), (2) Koryak, also called Nymylan, with approximately 3,500 speakers, spoken on northern Kamchatka and northward to the Anadyr River basin, (3) the strongly divergent but probably related Itelmen (or Kamchadal), with a bare remnant of 500 speakers on the central west coast of Kamchatka, (4) Aliutor,…

  • Nynia, Saint (Celtic missionary)

    St. Ninian, ; feast day September 16), bishop generally credited as the first Christian missionary to Scotland, responsible for widespread conversions among the Celts and possibly the Southern Picts. The two primary historical sources about Ninian’s life and work are of dubious reliability.

  • Nynorsk (language)

    Norwegian language: …called Dano-Norwegian, or Riksm?l) and New Norwegian (Nynorsk).

  • Nyo languages

    Kwa languages: The larger Nyo group comprises 35 languages situated in southern C?te d’Ivoire and Ghana. It includes the Akan language cluster (more than eight million speakers); the Anyi and Baule languages (almost three million speakers), mostly in C?te d’Ivoire; and the Guang language cluster (about half a million…

  • Nyobe, Reuben Um (Cameroonian political leader)

    Cameroon: Moving toward independence: …led by Felix-Roland Moumie and Reuben Um Nyobe, demanded a thorough break with France and the establishment of a socialist economy. French officials suppressed the UPC, leading to a bitter civil war, while encouraging alternative political leaders. On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence,…

  • Nyong River (river, Cameroon)

    Nyong River, stream in southwestern Cameroon, west central Africa. It rises 25 mi (40 km) east of Abong Mbang, in the northern rain forest. Its 400-mi (640-km) course, which roughly parallels that of the lower Sanaga River, follows a westerly direction, emptying into the Gulf of Guinea of the

  • Nyong’o, Lupita (Kenyan actress)

    Lupita Nyong’o, Kenyan actress who won an Academy Award for her film debut in 12 Years a Slave (2013). Nyong’o, who was born in Mexico, grew up in Kenya, where her father served as a government minister and a senator. She attended Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts, and, while still a

  • Nyong’o, Lupita Amondi (Kenyan actress)

    Lupita Nyong’o, Kenyan actress who won an Academy Award for her film debut in 12 Years a Slave (2013). Nyong’o, who was born in Mexico, grew up in Kenya, where her father served as a government minister and a senator. She attended Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts, and, while still a

  • Nyoro (people)

    Nyoro, an Interlacustrine Bantu people living just east of Lake Albert (also called Lake Mobutu Sese Seko), west of the Victoria Nile, in west central Uganda. In precolonial times, the Nyoro formed one of the most powerful of a number of kingdoms in the area. Until the 18th century the Bunyoro

  • Nyos, Lake (lake, Cameroon)

    volcano: Gas clouds: At Lake Nyos, a crater lake in Cameroon, West Africa, more than 1,700 people were killed by a sudden release of carbon dioxide in August 1986. Scientists theorize that carbon dioxide of volcanic origin had been seeping into the lake, perhaps for centuries, and had accumulated…

  • nyout (ancient Korean board game)

    Nyout, ancient Korean cross-and-circle board game. The nyout board, usually made of paper, consists of 29 marks representing a cross circumscribed by a circle. The pieces, called mal, or horses, are made of wood, stone, or paper. Players advance their pieces according to three throws of four w

  • nyout-nol-ki (ancient Korean board game)

    Nyout, ancient Korean cross-and-circle board game. The nyout board, usually made of paper, consists of 29 marks representing a cross circumscribed by a circle. The pieces, called mal, or horses, are made of wood, stone, or paper. Players advance their pieces according to three throws of four w

  • Nypa (plant genus)

    palm: Distribution: …stands of nipa palm (Nypa) extend for hundreds of hectares in eastern Sumatra and parts of Borneo. In other situations, dicotyledonous mangrove species occur with the nipa palm. The genus Manicaria (bussu palm) occupies similar habitats in some New World areas. Palms are dominant in another type of vegetation…

  • Nypa fruticans (plant)

    palm: Evolution: …ago, pollen supposedly representative of Nypa fruticans and Acrocomia is present. These records place palms among the earliest recognizable modern families of flowering plants. By the beginning of the Eocene Epoch, nearly 56 million years ago, palms were widespread and abundant. A diversity of genera, including Phoenix, Sabal, Serenoa, Livistona

  • NYPD (police department, New York City, New York, United States)

    George Metesky: …Inspector Howard Finney of the New York City Police’s crime lab turned to James A. Brussel, a private psychiatrist who had performed counterintelligence profiling work during World War II and the Korean War. Brussel developed an elaborate profile in December 1956 and predicted that the Mad Bomber was (1) a…

  • NYPD Blue (American television program)

    Steven Bochco: Law (1986–94), and NYPD Blue (1993–2005), and he won several Emmy Awards for his scripts. His later projects included the legal dramas Murder One (1995–97), Philly (2001–02), Raising the Bar (2008–09), and Murder in the First (2014–16).

  • Nyphus, Augustinus (Italian philosopher)

    Agostino Nifo, Renaissance philosopher noted for his development from an anti-Christian interpreter of Aristotelian philosophy into an influential Christian apologist for the immortality of the individual soul. While attending the University of Padua about 1490, Nifo studied the Averroist

  • NYPL (library, New York City, New York, United States)

    New York Public Library (NYPL), one of the great libraries of the world and the largest city public library in the United States. It was established in 1895 through the consolidation of the privately endowed Lenox and Astor libraries and the $2,000,000 Tilden Foundation trust. The library’s central

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