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  • nodular phosphorite (geology)

    sedimentary rock: Phosphorites: …exist: (1) regionally extensive, crystalline nodular, and bedded phosphorites, (2) localized concentrations of phosphate-rich clastic deposits (bone beds), and (3) guano deposits.

  • nodule (geology)

    Nodule, rounded mineral concretion that is distinct from, and may be separated from, the formation in which it occurs. Nodules commonly are elongate with a knobby irregular surface; they usually are oriented parallel to the bedding. Chert and flint often occur as dense and structureless nodules of

  • Noe (biblical figure)

    Noah, the hero of the biblical Flood story in the Old Testament book of Genesis, the originator of vineyard cultivation, and, as the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the representative head of a Semitic genealogical line. A synthesis of at least three biblical source traditions, Noah is the i

  • No?l (album by Groban)

    Josh Groban: In 2007 Groban’s No?l, a collection of Christmas songs, became the top-selling album of the year in the United States. While continuing to adhere to a traditional pop style on the albums Illuminations (2010) and All That Echoes (2013), he worked with producers typically associated with harder-edged fare,…

  • noel (music)

    Carol, broadly, a song, characteristically of religious joy, associated with a given season, especially Christmas; more strictly, a late medieval English song on any subject, in which uniform stanzas, or verses (V), alternate with a refrain, or burden (B), in the pattern B, V1, B, V2 . . . B. The

  • NOEL (nutrition)

    food additive: Toxicological testing and health concerns: …toxicological effects is called the no-effect level (NOEL). The NOEL is generally divided by 100 to determine a maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI).

  • Noel Kempf Mercado National Park (national park, Bolivia)

    Trinidad: …y Negro Wildlife Reserve and Noel Kempff Mercado National Park—the latter designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000—lie to the east of the city.

  • No?l, Alexandre (French theologian and historian)

    Alexander Natalis, controversial theologian and ecclesiastical historian who clashed with Rome for expressing Gallicanism, a French position advocating restriction of papal power, and for defending Jansenism, a religious movement of nonorthodox tendencies in France. Natalis joined the Dominicans at

  • No?l, Francine (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: The cosmopolitan culture of French Canada and Quebec: …notable example is Montreal novelist Francine No?l’s Babel, prise deux; ou, nous avons tous découvert l’Amérique (1990; “Babel, Take Two; or, We All Discovered America”). Contemporary Canadian literature in French reflects heterogeneity in both its literary forms and its representation of an ethnically diverse society.

  • Noel, J. B. L. (British officer)

    Mount Everest: Reconnaissance of 1921: …closed to Westerners, British officer John (J.B.L.) Noel disguised himself and entered it in 1913; he eventually got within 40 miles (65 km) of Everest and was able to see the summit. His lecture to the RGS in 1919 once again generated interest in Everest, permission to explore it was…

  • Noel, John (British officer)

    Mount Everest: Reconnaissance of 1921: …closed to Westerners, British officer John (J.B.L.) Noel disguised himself and entered it in 1913; he eventually got within 40 miles (65 km) of Everest and was able to see the summit. His lecture to the RGS in 1919 once again generated interest in Everest, permission to explore it was…

  • Noel-Baker of the City of Derby, Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron (British statesman)

    Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, British statesman and advocate of international disarmament who received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1959. Fluent in seven languages, he campaigned widely for 40 years for peace through multilateral disarmament. The son of Canadian-born Quakers, Baker

  • Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth (German survey and communication researcher)

    spiral of silence: …German survey and communication researcher Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann in the 1960s and ’70s, the spiral of silence theory more broadly attempts to describe collective opinion formation and societal decision making regarding issues that are controversial or morally loaded.

  • Noether’s theorem (physics)

    Emmy Noether: …conservation laws is known as Noether’s theorem and has proven to be a key result in theoretical physics. She won formal admission as an academic lecturer in 1919.

  • Noether, Amalie Emmy (German mathematician)

    Emmy Noether, German mathematician whose innovations in higher algebra gained her recognition as the most creative abstract algebraist of modern times. Noether was certified to teach English and French in schools for girls in 1900, but she instead chose to study mathematics at the University of

  • Noether, Emmy (German mathematician)

    Emmy Noether, German mathematician whose innovations in higher algebra gained her recognition as the most creative abstract algebraist of modern times. Noether was certified to teach English and French in schools for girls in 1900, but she instead chose to study mathematics at the University of

  • Noeud de vipères, Le (work by Mauriac)

    Fran?ois Mauriac: Le Noeud de vipères (1932; Vipers’ Tangle) is often considered Mauriac’s masterpiece. It is a marital drama, depicting an old lawyer’s rancour toward his family, his passion for money, and his final conversion. In this, as in other Mauriac novels, the love that his characters seek vainly in human contacts…

  • Nofziger, Franklyn Curran (American journalist and political adviser)

    Lyn Nofziger, (Franklyn Curran Nofziger), American journalist and political adviser (born June 8, 1924, Bakersfield, Calif.—died March 27, 2006, Falls Church, Va.), was a gritty hard-core Republican partisan under a colourful and irreverent exterior. A former journalist and Washington, D.C., c

  • Nofziger, Lyn (American journalist and political adviser)

    Lyn Nofziger, (Franklyn Curran Nofziger), American journalist and political adviser (born June 8, 1924, Bakersfield, Calif.—died March 27, 2006, Falls Church, Va.), was a gritty hard-core Republican partisan under a colourful and irreverent exterior. A former journalist and Washington, D.C., c

  • Nog pas gisteren (novel by Dermo?t)

    Maria Dermo?t: …novels, Nog pas gisteren (1951; Yesterday) and De tienduizend dingen (1955; The Ten Thousand Things), are fictionalized accounts of her youth. Although written in an economic style, the two novels are rich in details of island life as experienced by both the colonials and the native people. Among Dermo?t’s other…

  • Nogai (people)

    Caucasian peoples: The Nogay are thought to have become a distinct group formed after the disintegration of the Golden Horde. Most were nomads until the early 20th century. The Karachay and the Balkar are of uncertain origin.

  • Nogal Valley (river valley, Somalia)

    Nugaaleed Valley, river valley, northeastern Somalia. It is a shallow valley, long and broad, with an extensive network of seasonal watercourses. The valley’s principal watercourses, the Nugaaleed and the more westerly Dheere, fill briefly during and after rainstorms (April to June) and drain into

  • Nogales (Mexico)

    Nogales, city and port of entry, north-central Sonora estado (state), northern Mexico, contiguous with the city of Nogales, in Santa Cruz county, Arizona. It is an important transportation hub and warehouse centre, especially for agricultural products from the irrigated farmlands of Sonora and

  • Nogales (Arizona, United States)

    Nogales, city, seat (1899) of Santa Cruz county, southern Arizona, U.S. A port of entry on the Mexican border, it adjoins Heroica Nogales in Sonora, Mexico. Divided by International Avenue, the two communities are together known as Ambos Nogales (Spanish: “Both Nogales”). The city was founded in

  • Nogaret de La Valette, Jean-Louis de, Duke d’épernon (French duke)

    Jean-Louis de Nogaret de La Valette , duke d’épernon, one of the most powerful new magnates in French politics at the turn of the 17th century. Of obscure nobility, La Valette rose to prominence as a favourite of Henry III, who created him duke and peer of France in 1582. He and Anne de Joyeuse

  • Nogaret, Guillaume de (French minister)

    Guillaume de Nogaret, magistrate under King Philip IV the Fair of France, who became one of the most vigorous of the légistes, or expositors, of the royal power, especially in ecclesiastical affairs. In the conflict between Philip and Pope Boniface VIII, he played a direct role in carrying out the

  • Nogat River (river, Poland)

    Vistula River: Physiography: …more branch channels, notably the Nogat, which issued into the Vistula Lagoon, and the Leniwka (now called the Martwa Wis?a), which followed the true Vistula channel to the Gulf of Gdańsk. Improvements, the ultimate aim of which was to control the Vistula’s outlet to the sea and make the entire…

  • Nōgata (Japan)

    Nōgata, city, Fukuoka ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, at the confluence of the Onga River and the Hikosan River. Formed as a castle town in 1626, it declined about 100 years later, barely maintaining its importance as a trade and distribution centre of agricultural products. With the exploitation

  • Nogay (people)

    Caucasian peoples: The Nogay are thought to have become a distinct group formed after the disintegration of the Golden Horde. Most were nomads until the early 20th century. The Karachay and the Balkar are of uncertain origin.

  • Nogay Steppe (region, Russia)

    Chechnya: Land: …level, rolling plains of the Nogay Steppe.

  • Nogi Maresuke (Japanese general)

    Nogi Maresuke, general in Meiji-period Japan. He served as governor of Taiwan (then occupied by Japan) and fought in the Russo-Japanese War. On the death of the Meiji emperor, Nogi and his wife committed ritual suicide by seppuku (self-disembowelment), considered the ultimate samurai act of

  • Noginsk (Russia)

    Noginsk, city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia, on the Klyazma River east of Moscow. Originally Yamskaya village, it became the town of Bogorodsk in 1781 and was renamed Noginsk in 1930. It is one of the largest Russian textile centres; cotton forms most of its production. Pop. (2006 est.)

  • Nógrád (county, Hungary)

    Nógrád, megye (county), northern Hungary. It is bounded by Slovakia to the north and by the counties of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén to the northeast, Heves to the east and southeast, and Pest to the southwest and west. Salgótarján is the county seat. The Hungarian population of Nógrád is descended from

  • Nōgrūz (Zoroastrianism and Parsiism)

    Nowruz, festival celebrating the new year on the Persian calendar, usually beginning on March 21 on the Gregorian calendar. Though it is a largely secular celebration, it is often associated with and influenced by Zoroastrianism and Parsiism, in which Nowruz is a religious holiday. The festival is

  • Noguchi Seisaku (Japanese bacteriologist)

    Hideyo Noguchi, Japanese bacteriologist who first discovered Treponema pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis, in the brains of persons suffering from paresis. He also proved that both Oroya fever and verruga peruana could be produced by Bartonella bacilliformis; they are now known to be

  • Noguchi, Hideyo (Japanese bacteriologist)

    Hideyo Noguchi, Japanese bacteriologist who first discovered Treponema pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis, in the brains of persons suffering from paresis. He also proved that both Oroya fever and verruga peruana could be produced by Bartonella bacilliformis; they are now known to be

  • Noguchi, Isamu (American sculptor)

    Isamu Noguchi, American sculptor and designer, one of the strongest advocates of the expressive power of organic abstract shapes in 20th-century American sculpture. Noguchi spent his early years in Japan, and, after studying in New York City with Onorio Ruotolo in 1923, he won a Guggenheim

  • Nogueira (Brazil)

    Tefé, city and river port, central Amazonas estado (state), northwestern Brazil. Founded by missionaries as Nogueira in the 17th century and also called Ega at one time, Tefé lies on the left (north) bank of the portion of the Amazon River known as the Solim?es, on the lake formed by the mouth of

  • Noguera, Pedro de (Spanish sculptor)

    Western sculpture: Latin America: …the choir stalls carved by Pedro de Noguera and his assistants for Lima cathedral (1624–26) are of distinguished quality. The Baroque tradition tended to last until well into the 19th century in sculptures such as the robust figures of António Francisco Lisboa (e.g., “O Aleijadinho,” or “The Little Cripple”), the…

  • Nogun-ri (South Korea)

    Korean War: South to Pusan: …viaduct near the hamlet of Nogun-ri, west of the Naktong River, during the last week in July.

  • Noh theatre (Japanese drama)

    Noh theatre, traditional Japanese theatrical form and one of the oldest extant theatrical forms in the world. Noh—its name derived from nō, meaning “talent” or “skill”—is unlike Western narrative drama. Rather than being actors or “representers” in the Western sense, Noh performers are simply

  • noia, La (work by Moravia)

    Alberto Moravia: La noia (1960; The Empty Canvas) is the story of a painter unable to find meaning either in love or work. Many of Moravia’s books were made into motion pictures.

  • noiade (Sami shaman)

    Noiade, in Sami religion, a shaman who mediated between the people that he served and the supernatural beings and forces that he either confronted or made use of for the benefit of his clients. The shamanic practices of the Finno-Ugric peoples have been best preserved among the Khanty (Ostyak) and

  • Noin Ula (tomb, Mongolia)

    Central Asian arts: Mongolian Huns: …sites, however, are those of Noin Ula, to the north of Ulaanbaatar, on the Selenge River. Like those at Pazyryk, they included horse burials. The furnishings of one tomb were especially lavish. The prince for whom it was made must have been in contact with China, for his coffin was…

  • Noir, Victor (French journalist)

    Victor Noir, journalist whose death at the hands of Prince Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, a first cousin of Emperor Napoleon III, led to an increase in the already mounting revival of republican and radical agitation that plagued the Second Empire in its final months. Accompanied by a colleague, Ulric

  • Noire de…, La (film by Sembène)

    Ousmane Sembène: …feature film, La Noire de…(Black Girl), was considered the first major film produced by an African filmmaker. It depicts the virtual enslavement of an illiterate girl from Dakar employed as a servant by a French family. The film won a major prize at the 1967 Cannes international film festival.

  • Noires Mountains (mountains, France)

    Brittany: Geography: …in the north and the Noires Mountains (1,001 feet [305 metres]) in the south. Both run east-west. Belle-?le-en-Mer, Ouessant, and several other small islands are part of the région. Erosion has carved out sharp abers, or gorges, in the north, and the coastline is deeply indented. Principal rivers include the…

  • Noiret, Philippe (French actor)

    Philippe Noiret, French character actor (born Oct. 1, 1930, Lille, France—died Nov. 23, 2006, Paris, France), was a successful stage and screen actor in France for more than five decades; equally adept at drama and comedy, he appeared in some 150 films and was a two-time winner of the César Award f

  • noise (telecommunications)

    noise: In electronics and information theory, noise refers to those random, unpredictable, and undesirable signals, or changes in signals, that mask the desired information content. Noise in radio transmission appears as static and in television as snow.

  • noise (radiation)

    radar: Receiver noise: The sensitivity of a radar receiver is determined by the unavoidable noise that appears at its input. At microwave radar frequencies, the noise that limits detectability is usually generated by the receiver itself (i.e., by the random motion of electrons at the input of…

  • noise (acoustics)

    Noise, in acoustics, any undesired sound, either one that is intrinsically objectionable or one that interferes with other sounds that are being listened to. In electronics and information theory, noise refers to those random, unpredictable, and undesirable signals, or changes in signals, that mask

  • noise barrier (acoustics)

    noise pollution: Dealing with the effects of noise: …noise is the erection of noise barriers alongside the highway, separating the highway from adjacent residential areas. The effectiveness of such barriers is limited by the diffraction of sound, which is greater at the lower frequencies that often predominate in road noise, especially from large vehicles. In order to be…

  • Noise Control Act of 1972 (United States legislation)

    Sila María Calderón: …on the basis of the Noise Control Act of 1972, but the suit was dismissed the following year. In a nonbinding referendum held in July 2001—despite the announcement by U.S. President George W. Bush that the bombing would be permanently halted within two years—more than two-thirds of Vieques residents voted…

  • noise criteria curve (acoustics)

    noise pollution: Dealing with the effects of noise: These have developed into the noise criteria (NC) and preferred noise criteria (PNC) curves, which provide limits on the level of noise introduced into the environment. The NC curves, developed in 1957, aim to provide a comfortable working or living environment by specifying the maximum allowable level of noise in…

  • noise jamming (radar)

    radar: Electronic countermeasures (electronic warfare): ECM can consist of (1) noise jamming that enters the receiver via the antenna and increases the noise level at the input of the receiver, (2) false target generation, or repeater jamming, by which hostile jammers introduce additional signals into the radar receiver in an attempt to confuse the receiver…

  • Noise of a Fly, The (poetry by Dunn)

    Douglas Dunn: …not release another collection until The Noise of a Fly (2017), which reflects on aging and death while also exploring current events.

  • Noise of Time, The (novel by Barnes)

    Julian Barnes: The Noise of Time (2016) fictionalizes episodes from the life of Russian composer Dmitry Shostakovich. In The Only Story (2018), Barnes explored memory and first love as a man looks back on his relationship with an older woman.

  • noise pollution

    Noise pollution, unwanted or excessive sound that can have deleterious effects on human health and environmental quality. Noise pollution is commonly generated inside many industrial facilities and some other workplaces, but it also comes from highway, railway, and airplane traffic and from outdoor

  • noise storm (physics)

    Jupiter: Radio emission: The decametre noise storms are greatly affected by the position of Jupiter’s moon Io in its orbit. For one source, events are much more likely to occur when Io is 90° from the position in which Earth, Jupiter, and Io are in a straight line (known as…

  • Noise, Le (album by Young)

    Neil Young: Later work and causes: …track from his 2010 album Le Noise. Young teamed again with Crazy Horse to record Americana (2012), a collection of ragged covers of traditional American folk songs. He teamed with singer-guitarist Lukas Nelson (son of country star Willie Nelson) and his band Promise of the Real to record both The…

  • Noises Off (work by Frayn)

    Michael Frayn: …long-running, internationally successful stage farce Noises Off (1982; film 1992), a frenetic play-within-a-play about the antics of an English theatrical company touring the provinces and its inept attempts at performing a typically English sex farce.

  • Noises Off (film by Bogdanovich [1992])

    Peter Bogdanovich: The 1980s and beyond: …was Bogdanovich’s proficient adaptation of Noises Off (1992), Michael Frayn’s acclaimed Broadway play about actors engaged in a sex farce both on and off the stage; it starred Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Christopher Reeve, and Ritter. The Thing Called Love (1993) was a meditation on the elusiveness of dreams, with…

  • noisy scrub-bird

    scrub-bird: …western, or noisy, scrub-bird (Atrichornis clamosus), discovered in dry brushlands of Western Australia in the 1840s, was believed extinct after 1889 but was rediscovered in 1961. The 18-centimetre (7-inch) rufous scrub-bird (A. rufescens), discovered in the 1860s in wet forests of New South Wales, 2,500 miles (4,000 km) away…

  • Noite de S?o Jo?o (holiday)

    Brazil: Sports and recreation: …Day, on September 7, and St. John’s Night (Noite de S?o Jo?o) in June. The latter is celebrated with bonfires, fireworks, and the launching of small paper hot-air balloons. Along the coast on New Year’s Day (a national holiday), fishers pay homage to the African deity Iemanjá, goddess of the…

  • Noite de vento (work by Gon?alves)

    António Aurélio Gon?alves: Noite de vento (1970; “Night of Wind”) and Virgens loucas (1971; “Crazy Virgins”) also have female protagonists. In the former, he created an extremely beautiful dark-skinned woman who follows her own desires, and in the latter, he paralleled the book of Matthew with a story…

  • Nok culture (Iron Age culture)

    Nok culture, ancient Iron Age culture that existed on the Benue Plateau of Nigeria between about 500 bce and 200 ce. First discovered in 1928 in the small tin-mining village of Nok, artifacts of similar features were found over an area that stretched about 300 miles (480 km) east to west and 200

  • Nok figurine culture (Iron Age culture)

    Nok culture, ancient Iron Age culture that existed on the Benue Plateau of Nigeria between about 500 bce and 200 ce. First discovered in 1928 in the small tin-mining village of Nok, artifacts of similar features were found over an area that stretched about 300 miles (480 km) east to west and 200

  • nōkan (flute)

    Japanese music: Onstage music: If the Noh flute is used as well, it is restricted to cadence signals; if a simple bamboo flute (takebue or shinobue) is substituted, it plays an ornamented (ashirai) version of the tune. There are many sections, however, in which the drum patterns and Noh flute melodies…

  • Nokhai (Mongolian ruler)

    Russia: Tatar rule: As early as 1260, Nokhai, one of these western chieftains, showed his independence of Sarai by establishing his own foreign policy, and toward the end of the 13th century he seized control of Sarai itself. At his death the eastern tribes reestablished their control in Sarai, but, in the…

  • n?kh?r (Mongolian society)

    N?kh?r, (Mongol: “comrade”) In Mongolia during the time of Genghis Khan (c. 1160–1227), one who forswore loyalty to family and clan to devote himself to following a leader to whom he attached himself. Many of Genghis Khan’s best generals were n?kh?r. In modern times the word is used more

  • Nokia Bell Labs (American company)

    Bell Laboratories, the longtime research-and-development arm of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T). It is now part of the Finnish telecommunications company Nokia. Headquarters for the laboratories are in Murray Hill, New Jersey. The company was incorporated in 1925 as an AT&T

  • Nokia Corp. (Finnish corporation)

    Bell Laboratories: …of the Finnish telecommunications company Nokia. Headquarters for the laboratories are in Murray Hill, New Jersey.

  • Nokkeushi (Japan)

    Kitami, city, northeastern Hokkaido, northern Japan. It occupies a long corridor of land that stretches roughly southwest-northeast from the Kitami Mountains to the Sea of Okhotsk. The city centre is at the confluence of the Muka River with the Tokoro River. Originally, there was an Ainu settlement

  • n?k?r (Mongolian society)

    N?kh?r, (Mongol: “comrade”) In Mongolia during the time of Genghis Khan (c. 1160–1227), one who forswore loyalty to family and clan to devote himself to following a leader to whom he attached himself. Many of Genghis Khan’s best generals were n?kh?r. In modern times the word is used more

  • Nokrashy, Mahmoud Fahmy (prime minister of Egypt)

    Ma?mūd Fahmī al-Nuqrāshī, Egyptian politician who was prime minister of Egypt (1945–46, 1946–48). Al-Nuqrāshī was educated at University College (now University of Nottingham) in Nottingham, England. He taught school in Egypt before joining the government in 1920 as a subdirector in the ministry of

  • Nokrek National Park (park, Meghalaya, India)

    Garo Hills: Nokrek National Park, in the western part of the region, protects a highly diverse plant and animal community that includes the Indian wild orange (Citrus indica), thought to be a progenitor of citrus fruits. In 2009 the park was designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO.

  • nokrom (kinship)

    Bodo: …man’s sister’s son, called his nokrom, stands therefore in intimate relationship to him, as the husband of one of his daughters and ultimately of his widow and the vehicle through which his family’s interest in the property of his wife is secured for the next generation, for no male can…

  • Nola (Italy)

    Nola, town and episcopal see, Campania regione, southern Italy. It lies in the fertile and highly cultivated Campanian plain, just east-northeast of Naples. It originated as a city of the Aurunci, Oscans, Etruscans, and Samnites (ancient Italic peoples) and was known as Novla (“New Town”) before it

  • Nola, Gian Domenico da (Italian composer)

    villanella: …its most important composer was Gian Domenico da Nola (died 1592). Although the villanella was a reaction against the madrigal, some of the best examples were written by such composers of madrigals as Adriaan Willaert, Orlando di Lasso, and Luca Marenzio. It was closely related to several other Italian light…

  • Nolan, Christopher (Irish author)

    Christopher Nolan, Irish author (born Sept. 6, 1965, Mullingar, Ire.—died Feb. 20, 2009, Dublin, Ire.), suffered severe brain damage at birth that left him speechless and paralyzed with cerebral palsy, yet he nevertheless earned recognition as a gifted writer at an early age and at age 21 won the

  • Nolan, Christopher (British director)

    Christopher Nolan, British film director and writer acclaimed for his noirish visual aesthetic and unconventional, often highly conceptual narratives. Nolan was raised by an American mother and a British father, and his family spent time in both Chicago and London. As a child, he attended

  • Nolan, David Fraser (American politician)

    David Fraser Nolan, American politician (born Nov. 23, 1943, Washington, D.C.—died Nov. 21, 2010, Tucson, Ariz.), was one of the founding members in 1971 of the Libertarian Party. Spurred by U.S. Pres. Richard M. Nixon’s removal of the U.S. from the gold standard and temporary imposition of a wage

  • Nolan, Jeanette (American actress)

    Jeanette Nolan, American actress whose 70-year career encompassed numerous radio performances on such shows as "The March of Time" and "Mercury Theatre on the Air," roles in more than 20 films, including that of Lady Macbeth in Orson Welles’s 1948 Macbeth, and more than 300 television appearances;

  • Nolan, Jerry (American musician)

    the New York Dolls: …14, 1951, Cairo, Egypt), drummer Jerry Nolan (b. May 7, 1946, New York—d. January 14, 1992, New York), bassist Arthur Kane (b. New York—d. July 13, 2004, Los Angeles, California), and guitarist Rick Rivets (b. New York).

  • Nolan, Sir Sidney (Australian artist)

    Sir Sidney Nolan, artist known for his paintings based on Australian folklore. With little formal art training, Nolan turned to painting at age 21 after varied experiences as a racing cyclist, cook, and gold miner. In his early work he was influenced by the abstract artists Paul Klee and László

  • Nolan, Sir Sidney Robert (Australian artist)

    Sir Sidney Nolan, artist known for his paintings based on Australian folklore. With little formal art training, Nolan turned to painting at age 21 after varied experiences as a racing cyclist, cook, and gold miner. In his early work he was influenced by the abstract artists Paul Klee and László

  • Nolanaceae (plant family)

    Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S.

  • Noland, Kenneth (American artist)

    Kenneth Noland, American painter of the Abstract Expressionist school. He was one of the first to use the technique of staining the canvas with thinned paints and of deploying his colours in concentric rings and parallels, shaped and proportioned in relation to the shape of the canvas. Noland

  • Noland, Kenneth Clifton (American artist)

    Kenneth Noland, American painter of the Abstract Expressionist school. He was one of the first to use the technique of staining the canvas with thinned paints and of deploying his colours in concentric rings and parallels, shaped and proportioned in relation to the shape of the canvas. Noland

  • Nolano, Il (Italian philosopher)

    Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, and occultist whose theories anticipated modern science. The most notable of these were his theories of the infinite universe and the multiplicity of worlds, in which he rejected the traditional geocentric (Earth-centred) astronomy and

  • Nolascan order (religious order)

    Mercedarian, religious order founded by St. Peter Nolasco in Spain in 1218, for the purpose of ransoming Christian captives from the Moors. It was originally a military order. St. Raymond of Penafort, Nolasco’s confessor and the author of the order’s rule, based the rule on that of St. Augustine.

  • Nolasco, Saint Peter (French saint)

    Saint Peter Nolasco, ; canonized 1628; feast day January 28), founder of the order of Our Lady of Ransom (Mercedarians, or Nolascans), a religious institute originally designed to ransom Christian captives from the Moors; today the Mercedarians, whose numbers have declined, are engaged mostly in

  • Nolde, Emil (German artist)

    Emil Nolde, German Expressionist painter, printmaker, and watercolourist known for his violent religious works and his foreboding landscapes. Born of a peasant family, the youthful Nolde made his living as a wood-carver. He was able to study art formally only when some of his early works were

  • N?ldeke, Theodor (German linguist)

    Theodor N?ldeke, German Orientalist noted for his Semitic and Islāmic studies, which included a history of the Qur?ān (1859). After holding several academic posts, N?ldeke became professor of Oriental languages at the University of Strasbourg (1872–1906), then within the German Empire. His large

  • Nolens, Leonard (Belgian poet)

    Belgian literature: Poetry: …in Flanders was that of Leonard Nolens, whose work evolved from experimental to classical, as his earlier obsessive self-definition gave way to more serene reflections on relations with loved ones and others. His introverted diaries offer a sustained reflection on poetic creation. Nolens’s high seriousness contrasts with the more playful…

  • Noli me tangere (work by Rizal)

    The Social Cancer, novel by Filipino political activist and author José Rizal, published in 1887. The book, written in Spanish, is a sweeping and passionate unmasking of the brutality and corruption of Spanish rule in the Philippines (1565–1898). The story begins at a party to welcome Crisóstomo

  • Noli, Fan S. (prime minister of Albania)

    Albanian literature: Noli is esteemed as a poet, critic, and historian and is known in particular for his translations of William Shakespeare, Henrik Ibsen, Miguel de Cervantes, Edgar Allan Poe, and others. Among the lesser figures in this period are Asdren (acronym of Aleks Stavre Drenova), a…

  • Nolichucky Jack (American politician)

    John Sevier, American frontiersman, soldier, and first governor of the state of Tennessee. In 1773 Sevier moved his family westward across the Allegheny Mountains to what is now eastern Tennessee. The next year he fought the Indians in Lord Dunmore’s War (1773–74), and during the American

  • Nolichucky River (river, United States)

    Nolichucky River, river rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains in western North Carolina, U.S., and flowing northwest into Tennessee, then west to join the French Broad River after a course of 150 miles (241 km). A dam on the Nolichucky just south of Greeneville, Tenn., impounds Davy Crockett Lake,

  • Nolina (plant genus)
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