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  • North Aslian languages

    Jahaic languages, a subbranch of the Aslian branch of the Mon-Khmer family, itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. The group includes Bateg, Che’ Wong, Jahai, Kensiw, Kenta’, and Menriq. The language group is a small one, with total speakers estimated at some 5,000. They are located mainly in

  • North Atlantic Central Water (oceanography)

    climate: The Gulf Stream: …a water mass known as North Atlantic Central Water, has a temperature that ranges from 8 to 19 °C (46.4 to 66.2 °F) and a salinity between 35.10 and 36.70 parts per thousand (ppt). This is one of the two dominant water masses of the North Atlantic Ocean; the other…

  • North Atlantic Cooperation Council (international organization)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization: NATO in the post-Cold War era: …first objective, NATO established the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (1991; later replaced by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council) to provide a forum for the exchange of views on political and security issues, as well as the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program (1994) to enhance European security and stability through joint military…

  • North Atlantic Council (international organization)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Organization: …Commander Europe (SACEUR) by the North Atlantic Council (NATO’s governing body) in December 1950. He was followed as SACEUR by a succession of American generals.

  • North Atlantic Craton (geological region)

    Precambrian: Occurrence and distribution of Precambrian rocks: Some examples include: the North Atlantic craton that incorporates northwestern Scotland, central Greenland, and Labrador; the Kaapvaal and Zimbabwean cratons in southern Africa; the Dharwar craton in India; the Aldan and

  • North Atlantic Current (current, Atlantic Ocean)

    North Atlantic Current, part of a clockwise-setting ocean-current system in the North Atlantic Ocean, extending from southeast of the Grand Bank, off Newfoundland, Canada, to the Norwegian Sea, off northwestern Europe. It constitutes the northeastward extension of the Gulf Stream; the latter i

  • North Atlantic Deep Water (oceanography)

    Arctic Ocean: Oceanography: This produces North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW), which circulates in the world ocean. An increase in this freshwater and ice export could shut down the thermocline convection in the GIN Sea; alternatively, a decrease in ice export might allow for convection and ventilation in the Arctic Ocean…

  • North Atlantic Drift (current, Atlantic Ocean)

    North Atlantic Current, part of a clockwise-setting ocean-current system in the North Atlantic Ocean, extending from southeast of the Grand Bank, off Newfoundland, Canada, to the Norwegian Sea, off northwestern Europe. It constitutes the northeastward extension of the Gulf Stream; the latter i

  • North Atlantic Ocean (region, Atlantic Ocean)

    Bond event: …sediment cores collected from the North Atlantic Ocean (see also core sampling). They are associated with cyclic temperature fluctuations punctuated by abrupt episodes of climate warming, which culminate in massive releases of icebergs from glaciers and

  • North Atlantic Oscillation (climatology)

    North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), an irregular fluctuation of atmospheric pressure over the North Atlantic Ocean that has a strong effect on winter weather in Europe, Greenland, northeastern North America, North Africa, and northern Asia. The NAO can occur on a yearly basis, or the fluctuations can

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in central and eastern Europe after World War II. Its original members were

  • North Auckland Peninsula (peninsula, New Zealand)

    North Auckland Peninsula, peninsula of northern North Island, New Zealand, nearly coextensive with Northland (q.v.) local government

  • North Ayrshire (council area, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    North Ayrshire, council area, southwestern Scotland, along the Firth of Clyde. It encompasses part of the historic region of Cunninghame on the Scottish mainland, in the historic county of Ayrshire, as well as several islands in the Firth of Clyde, including the Cumbraes and the Isle of Arran,

  • North Banda Basin (basin, Pacific Ocean)

    Banda Sea: The North Banda Basin is 19,000 feet (5,800 metres) deep, while the South Banda Basin is 17,700 feet (5,400 metres) deep. A volcanic ridge further divides the southern South Banda Basin from the Weber Basin, the deepest in the sea, at some 24,409 feet (7,440 metres).…

  • North Bay (Ontario, Canada)

    North Bay, city, seat of Nipissing district, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies some 205 miles (330 km) north of Toronto. Named for its location on the northern bay of Lake Nipissing, the city originated as a rail yard on the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1882. It is now the southern terminus and

  • North Bihar Plains (region, India)

    Bihar: Relief, drainage, and soils: …(Ganga) River into two regions—the North Bihar Plains and the South Bihar Plains, which together form part of the middle Gangetic Plain. Except for the foothills of the Himalayas in the extreme northwest, the North Bihar Plain is a flat alluvial region, less than 250 feet (75 metres) above sea…

  • North Bimini (island, Bimini Islands)

    Bimini Islands: The main island, North Bimini, on the northern end, contains many yacht harbours and tourist beaches, as well as the chief towns: Alice Town, Bailey Town, and Paradise Point. The other nearby main island, South Bimini, is largely agricultural. Little cays to the south, including Cat Cay, contain…

  • North Bloomington (Illinois, United States)

    Normal, town, McLean county, central Illinois, U.S. At the junction of three interstate highways, Normal adjoins Bloomington (south) and is located about 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Springfield. It was founded in the early 1850s at the intersection of the Illinois Central and Chicago and Alton

  • North Borneo (state, Malaysia)

    Sabah, state of East Malaysia, forming the northern part of the great island of Borneo, and bordered by Sarawak (southwest) and Kalimantan, or Indonesian Borneo (south). Sabah has an 800–900-mile- (1,290–1,450-km-) long, heavily indented coastline that is washed by the South China, Sulu, and

  • North Brabant (province, Netherlands)

    Noord-Brabant, provincie (province), southern Netherlands. It is the second largest of the country’s provinces, extending northward from the Belgium border, between the provinces of Zeeland (west) and Limburg (east), to the Maas (Meuse) and Merwede rivers. It is drained by the Mark (Merk) and

  • North Branch (Illinois, United States)

    Glenview, village, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It is a suburb of Chicago, located 20 miles (30 km) north of downtown, and lies on the north branch of the Chicago River. Illinois and later Potawatomi Indians were early inhabitants of the area, which was visited by French explorers

  • North Branch (region, Illinois, United States)

    conservation: Habitat restoration: North Branch is a 20-km (12-mile) strip of land running northward from Chicago along the north branch of the Chicago River. Early in the 20th century, it was protected from building but later abandoned. Beginning in the 1970s, a group of volunteers first cleared out…

  • North Bridge (bridge, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Edinburgh: Expansion from the Old Town: …with the completion of the North Bridge—70 feet (21 metres) high, 1,130 feet (344 metres) long, and canted steeply northward; today’s steel-arch structure dates from 1895.

  • North Bridge (bridge, Concord, Massachusetts, United States)

    Concord: …met the British at the North Bridge, and the resultant gunfire was immortalized by the poet and transcendentalist philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson in the “Concord Hymn,” excerpted here:

  • North Briton (British newspaper)

    obscenity: Obscenity laws in the 18th and 19th centuries: …seditious libel for his periodical North Briton and with obscene libel for his poem An Essay on Woman, a parody of Alexander Pope’s An Essay on Man. Prosecutions for obscenity in other European countries also betrayed a merging of moral and political concerns. Perhaps the most celebrated obscenity trial in…

  • North by Northwest (film by Hitchcock [1959])

    North by Northwest, American suspense film, released in 1959, that is one of Alfred Hitchcock’s most-entertaining movies. It was the fourth and last collaboration between the director and star Cary Grant. Roger O. Thornhill (played by Grant) is a successful advertising executive who, while having

  • North Canadian River (river, United States)

    North Canadian River, main tributary of the Canadian River in the south-central United States. It rises in a high plateau in Union county, New Mexico, and flows east through the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles past Oklahoma City, joining the Canadian River in Eufaula Reservoir, below Eufaula, Okla.

  • North Cape Current (oceanic current)

    North Cape Current, oceanic surface current, the northernmost extension of the Norway Current (a part of the North Atlantic Current), bathing the northern coasts of Norway, Finland, and Russia’s Kola Peninsula. Characterized by warm temperatures (39°–54° F [4°–12° C]) and average oceanic salinity

  • North Carolina (state, United States)

    North Carolina, constituent state of the United States of America. One of the 13 original states, it lies on the Atlantic coast midway between New York and Florida and is bounded to the north by Virginia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by South Carolina and Georgia, and to the west

  • North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (university, Greensboro, North Carolina, United States)

    sit-in movement: Origins of the sit-in movement: …Carolina (North Carolina A&amp;T; now North Carolina A&amp;T State University), a historically black college, made some purchases at the local F.W. Woolworth department store. They then sat down at the “whites only” lunch counter and placed an order but were refused service. They remained seated and were eventually asked to…

  • North Carolina Museum of Art (museum, North Carolina, United States)

    North Carolina: Cultural life: Housed at the North Carolina Museum of Art (1947) in Raleigh, the collection spans some 5,000 years, from the art of ancient Egypt to contemporary works. The North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences (1879; reopened 2000), also in Raleigh, was the state’s first public museum.

  • North Carolina Mutual and Provident Association (American company)

    Charles Clinton Spaulding: …business leader who built the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company into the nation’s largest black-owned business by the time of his death, when it was worth about $40 million.

  • North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company (American company)

    Charles Clinton Spaulding: …business leader who built the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company into the nation’s largest black-owned business by the time of his death, when it was worth about $40 million.

  • North Carolina State University (university, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States)

    Atlantic Coast Conference: &gt;North Carolina State University, the University of Pittsburgh (joined 2013), Syracuse University (joined 2013), the University of Virginia, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (joined 2004), and

  • North Carolina Symphony (American orchestra)

    North Carolina: Cultural life: The North Carolina Symphony has the distinction of being the first state-supported orchestra in the country. The ensemble tours the state from September through May. Many of the performances are free matinees for children.

  • North Carolina, flag of (United States state flag)

    U.S. state flag consisting of a horizontal red stripe over a white stripe and, at the hoist, a vertical blue stripe incorporating a white star, the initials of the state (“NC”), and two ribbons.There is an unsubstantiated reference to a North Carolina flag of the Revolutionary War era (1775–83). It

  • North Carolina, University of (university system, North Carolina, United States)

    University of North Carolina, state system of higher education in North Carolina, U.S., consisting of a main campus in Chapel Hill and branches in Asheville, Charlotte, Greensboro, Pembroke, and Wilmington. The system also includes North Carolina State University in Raleigh, Appalachian State

  • North Cascades National Park (national park, Washington, United States)

    North Cascades National Park, large wilderness area in northwestern Washington, U.S. The park was established in 1968 to preserve majestic mountain scenery, snowfields, glaciers, alpine meadows, cascading waterfalls, and other unique natural features in the North Cascade Range. The region is

  • North Caucasian languages

    Caucasian languages: North Caucasian languages: The North Caucasian languages are divided into two groups: Abkhazo-Adyghian, or the Northwest Caucasian, languages, and Nakho-Dagestanian, or the Northeast Caucasian, languages.

  • North Caucasus (region, Russia)

    Caucasus: …the Greater Caucasus is called Ciscaucasia (Predkavkazye, or “Hither Caucasia”) and that south of it is Transcaucasia (Zakavkazye, or “Farther Caucasia”). The whole region, which has an area of 170,000 square miles (440,000 square km), is nevertheless predominantly mountainous. It extends southward from the lowlands of the Kuma and Manych…

  • North Central Hills (region, Mississippi, United States)

    Mississippi: Relief and soils: The North Central Hills range through northern and central Mississippi and eastward to Alabama. Their red clay soil supports small farms. Before scientific farming methods were widely adopted, erosion depleted vast tracts of land in these hills.

  • North Central Oregon Plateau (region, United States)

    United States: The Western Intermontane Region: The third intermontane region, the Columbia Basin, is literally the last, for in some parts its rocks are still being formed. Its entire area is underlain by innumerable tabular lava flows that have flooded the basin between the Cascades and Northern Rockies to undetermined depths. The volume of lava must…

  • North Central Plains (region, Texas, United States)

    Texas: Relief: …to the south and the North Central Plains to the north. The entire region varies from about 750 to 2,500 feet (200 to 750 metres) above sea level, and farming and livestock raising constitute the basic economy. In Hill Country there are small industries and recreational areas.

  • North Central States (region, United States)

    Midwest, region, northern and central United States, lying midway between the Appalachian and Rocky mountains and north of the Ohio River and the 37th parallel. The Midwest, as defined by the federal government, comprises the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri,

  • North Ch’ungch’?ng (province, South Korea)

    North Ch’ungch’?ng, do (province), central South Korea. The only province of South Korea with no seacoast, it is bordered by the provinces of Kangw?n (Gangwon; north), North Ky?ngsang (Gyeongsang; east), North Ch?lla (Jeolla; southwest), South Ch’ungch’?ng (west), and Ky?nggi (Gyeonggi; northwest).

  • North Chalone Peak (mountain peak, California, United States)

    Pinnacles National Monument: …leads to the highest point, North Chalone Peak, which reaches 3,304 feet (1,007 metres). The monument’s surface is covered by chaparral vegetation; deer, rabbits, foxes, mountain lions, tarantulas, and the Townsend’s big-eared bat (Plecotus townsendii) are among the wildlife found there.

  • North Channel (strait, United Kingdom)

    North Channel, strait linking the Irish Sea with the North Atlantic Ocean and reaching a minimum width of 13 miles (21 km) between the Mull of Kintyre (Scotland) and Torr Head (Northern Ireland). It runs northwest-southeast between Scotland and Northern Ireland and includes the larger Arran and

  • North Channel (channel, Ontario, Canada)

    North Channel, northern arm of Lake Huron in south-central Ontario, Canada, lying between the Ontario mainland (north) and the islands of Manitoulin, Cockburn, and Drummond (south). It is 120 miles (195 km) long and 1 to 20 miles (1.6 to 32 km) wide. The channel is connected on the west with St.

  • North Chelsea (Massachusetts, United States)

    Revere, city, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along Massachusetts Bay just northeast of Boston. First known as Rumney Marsh, it was settled in 1626 and was part of Boston from 1632 until 1739, when it became part of Chelsea. During the American Revolution, the British schooner Diana,

  • North Chicago (Illinois, United States)

    North Chicago, city, Lake county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. North Chicago lies on Lake Michigan, about 35 miles (55 km) north of Chicago. The area was primarily agricultural until the establishment of a wire manufacturing plant in 1891. Other industries soon followed. A strike at a plant in 1937

  • North China (ancient continent)

    Cambrian Period: Paleogeography: …paleomagnetic evidence suggest that present-day North and South China were on separate tectonic plates; however, extensive carbonate deposits in both regions indicate that both plates were found in low latitudes during the Cambrian. The fossil assemblages of South China have strong similarities with those of both Australia and Kazakhstan, but…

  • North China climate

    Jiangsu: Climate: …and southern Jiangsu, and the North China climate, to the north of the old Huai River. The former is humid subtropical, while the latter is cool, temperate continental, with greater extremes of temperature. Nanjing in the south has a mean temperature of 36 °F (2 °C) in January and 82…

  • North China Paraplatform (geological formation)

    Asia: Chronological summary: In the North China paraplatform, Chinese geologists have identified a period of intense island-arc magmatism (a process by which molten rock, often formed by the melting of subducted oceanic crust, rises and solidifies to form igneous rock) between 3.5 and 3 billion years ago. Those arcs then…

  • North China Plain (plain, China)

    North China Plain, large alluvial plain of northern China, built up along the shore of the Yellow Sea by deposits of the Huang He (Yellow River) and the Huai, Hai, and a few other minor rivers of northern China. Covering an area of about 158,000 square miles (409,500 square km), most of which is

  • North Ch?lla (province, South Korea)

    North Ch?lla, do (province), southwestern South Korea. It is bounded by the provinces of South and North Ch’ungch’?ng (Chungcheong; north), North and South Ky?ngsang (Gyeongsang; east), and South Ch?lla (south), and by the Yellow Sea (west). The province is divided by the Nory?ng Mountains, a spur

  • North Chu (ridge, Russia)

    Altai Mountains: Geology: …the contemporary Altai—notably the Katun, North (Severo) Chu, and the South (Yuzhno) Chu—tower more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) in elevation, running latitudinally in the central and eastern portions of the sector of the system within the Altay republic. The Tabyn-Bogdo-Ola (Mongolian: Tavan Bogd Uul), the M?nh Hayrhan Uul, and…

  • North Chungcheong (province, South Korea)

    North Ch’ungch’?ng, do (province), central South Korea. The only province of South Korea with no seacoast, it is bordered by the provinces of Kangw?n (Gangwon; north), North Ky?ngsang (Gyeongsang; east), North Ch?lla (Jeolla; southwest), South Ch’ungch’?ng (west), and Ky?nggi (Gyeonggi; northwest).

  • North City (area, Seoul, South Korea)

    Seoul: City layout: …sometimes known today as the North City, was founded in 1394, when it was chosen to be the capital of the Chos?n dynasty. Its central district, inside the four gates, was planned and has a rectangular street pattern. Ky?ngbok (Gyeongbok) Palace, the main palace of the dynasty, stands in the…

  • North College Hill (Ohio, United States)

    North College Hill, city, Hamilton county, extreme southwest Ohio, U.S., a residential northern suburb of Cincinnati. The first settler, probably Gershom Gard, arrived in 1795. In 1916 three subdivisions in the “Clovernook” area east of Hamilton (Meyersville, Sunshine, and Clovernook) combined to

  • North Cornwall (district, England, United Kingdom)

    North Cornwall, former district, Cornwall unitary authority, southwestern England, in the northeastern part of the county. Most of the district fell within the historic county of Cornwall, but an area extending west from Werrington along the River Otter belonged to the historic county of Devon. The

  • North Country (film by Caro [2005])

    Frances McDormand: …truck driver with ALS in North Country (2005). Her subsequent films include Burn After Reading (2008), Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011), and Moonrise Kingdom (2012).

  • North Country style (sport)

    Cumberland wrestling, form of wrestling developed in northern England and southern Scotland, also called the North Country style. The wrestlers stand chest to chest, each grasping the other with locked hands around the body, each opponent’s chin on the other’s right shoulder. The right arm is

  • North Crimea Canal (canal, Ukraine)

    Dnieper River: History and economy: The North Crimea Canal, which was completed in 1971, originates in the reservoir; the canal, 250 miles (400 km) long, is designed for irrigation of the steppes of the Black Sea Lowland and northern Crimea and for the creation of a water route from the Dnieper…

  • North Cushitic languages

    Cushitic languages: …subdivisions within the Cushitic family: North Cushitic, or Beja; Central Cushitic (also known as Agau [Agaw, Agew]), with languages such as Bilin, Kemant, Kwara, Xamtage, and Awngi; South Cushitic (spoken mainly in Tanzania), including Iraqw, Burunge, and Gorowa, the hybrid language Ma?a/Mbugu, and (in Kenya) Dahalo;

  • North Daitō Island (island, Pacific Ocean)

    Daitō Islands: North Daitō (Kita-Daitō) and South Daitō (Minami-Daitō) islands are the largest of the group and lie close to one another, while the smaller Oki-Daitō Island lies about 93 miles (150 km) south of them. North and South Daitō have a combined area of 15.7 square…

  • North Dakota (state, United States)

    North Dakota, constituent state of the United States of America. North Dakota was admitted to the union as the 39th state on November 2, 1889. A north-central state, it is bounded by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north and by the U.S. states of Minnesota to the east,

  • North Dakota Badlands (region, North Dakota, United States)

    North Dakota: Relief: …and valleys that form the North Dakota Badlands, in the far western part of the state. The highest point in North Dakota is White Butte (3,506 feet [1,069 metres]), near the southwest corner of the state in the Badlands area.

  • North Dakota State University (university, Fargo, North Dakota, United States)

    North Dakota State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Fargo, southeastern North Dakota, U.S. North Dakota State University was founded in 1890 as the state’s land-grant institution. Initially, it was primarily an agricultural and mechanical college. It is part of

  • North Dakota, flag of (United States state flag)

    U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with a coat of arms in the centre that includes an eagle with outspread wings above a scroll with the words “North Dakota.”In the late 19th century the Dakota Territorial Guard displayed a blue flag with the coat of arms of the United

  • North Dakota, University of (university, Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States)

    University of North Dakota, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Grand Forks, North Dakota, U.S. The University of North Dakota was established in 1883, and instruction began a year later. Its original mission was to provide instruction in arts and sciences and to train teachers.

  • North Devon (district, England, United Kingdom)

    North Devon, district, administrative and historic county of Devon, southwestern England. It is bordered by the Bristol Channel on the north and west. Barnstaple, at the head of the River Taw estuary, is the district seat and largest town. North Devon’s northern cliff-lined coast is especially

  • North Dorset (district, England, United Kingdom)

    North Dorset, district, administrative and historic county of Dorset, south-central England. North Dorset is an area of rolling countryside diagonally split by chalk downs 400 to 900 feet (120 to 275 metres) high, ranging northeast to southwest, which are in turn breached northwest to southeast by

  • North Down (former district, United Kingdom)

    North Down, former district (1973–2015) within the former county of Down, now part of Ards and North Down district, eastern Northern Ireland. Consisting of gently undulating lowland on the southern shores of Belfast Lough (inlet of the sea), it was bordered by the city of Belfast to the west and by

  • North Dravidian languages

    Dravidian languages: North Dravidian languages: Of the three North Dravidian languages, Brahui is the most geographically distant, being spoken in Balochistan, the westernmost province of Pakistan. Because Brahui does not retain any archaic features of Proto-Dravidian, it is likely that its speakers migrated westward from the mainland,…

  • North Dum Dum (India)

    Dum Dum: …the name are Dum Dum, North Dum Dum, and South Dum Dum. All three are part of the Kolkata urban agglomeration. North Dum Dum still contains large rural enclaves. South Dum Dum constitutes the northern fringe of Greater Kolkata.

  • North Dumfries (Ontario, Canada)

    Cambridge: …the townships of Waterloo and North Dumfries. Galt was founded about 1816 and, along with Dumfries Township, became the home of large numbers of Scottish immigrants. Hespeler and Preston were settled in the early 1800s, largely by Mennonites from Pennsylvania, U.S. These settlements developed primarily as milling towns, producing flour,…

  • North East Derbyshire (district, England, United Kingdom)

    North East Derbyshire, district, administrative and historic county of Derbyshire, England. The district surrounds Chesterfield borough (district) on three sides, and its council meets in Chesterfield town. The east and north of the district are part of a major coalfield, though less important than

  • North East Frontier Agency (state, India)

    Arunachal Pradesh, state of India. It constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country and is bordered by the kingdom of Bhutan to the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Myanmar (Burma) and the Indian state of Nagaland to the south and southeast,

  • North East Land Island (island, Arctic Ocean)

    Svalbard: …northern coastlines of Spitsbergen and Nordaust Land are heavily indented by fjords; the east coast of Nordaust Land is formed by a front of inland ice. Many of the glaciers reach the sea, but in Spitsbergen there are large ice-free valleys. Elsewhere, there are extensive coastal plains, formed by the…

  • North East Lincolnshire (unitary authority, England, United Kingdom)

    North East Lincolnshire, unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Lincolnshire, northeastern England. It is centred on the town of Grimsby, the administrative centre, located on the River Humber estuary of the North Sea. Grimsby is the country’s premier fishing port and a leading centre

  • North Equatorial Current

    Atlantic Ocean: The North Atlantic: …part of the warm North Equatorial Current, which turns northwestward as the Antilles Current upon reaching the West Indies and completes the North Atlantic circulation pattern.

  • North European Plain (plain, Europe)

    European Plain: Physiography: …it commonly is called the North European Plain. In the east the plain generally is called the East European, or Russian, Plain.

  • North European Platform (geology)

    Europe: North European and Russian platforms: The approximately triangular area between the Caledonian orogeny in the west, the Hercynian orogeny and the Alps in the south, and the Urals in the east includes the Russian and North European platforms, as well as the North Sea. (That…

  • North Fergana (canal, Central Asia)

    Tajikistan: Agriculture: …projects, the Great Fergana and North Fergana canals, using conscripted unskilled labour in a program that drew wide criticism from outside observers for its high toll of fatalities. After World War II the Dalverzin and Parkhar-Chubek irrigation systems were built, along with the M?minobod, Kattasoy, and Selbur reservoirs; the Mirzachol…

  • North Field (natural gas field, Persian Gulf)

    Qatar: Resources and power: …natural gas, and its offshore North Field is one of the largest gas fields in the world. The country’s petroleum reserves, found both onshore along the western coast at Dukhān and offshore from the eastern coast, are modest by regional standards.

  • North Frisian Islands (islands, Europe)

    North Frisian Islands, part of the Frisian Islands, lying in the North Sea just off the coast of northern Europe. They are divided between Germany and

  • North Frisian language (language)

    West Germanic languages: Dialects: Though North Frisian is spoken in only a small geographic area by only some 8,000 persons, it exists in an extraordinary number of local dialects, some of which are mutually unintelligible. Because of this, it would be almost impossible to develop a single standard North Frisian…

  • North Geomagnetic Pole (geophysics)

    North Pole: …steadily migrating northwest)—or with the geomagnetic North Pole, the northern end of Earth’s geomagnetic field (about 79°30′ N 71°30′ W). The geographic pole, located at a point where the ocean depth is about 13,400 feet (4,080 metres) deep and covered with drifting pack ice, experiences six months of complete sunlight…

  • North German Basin (region, Europe)

    Tertiary Period: Sedimentary sequences: …the Anglo-Belgian Basin, and the North German Basin have become the standard for comparative studies of the Paleogene part of the Cenozoic, whereas the Mediterranean region (Italy) has become the standard for the Neogene. The Tertiary record of the Paris Basin is essentially restricted to the Paleogene strata (namely, those…

  • North German Confederation (historical German union)

    North German Confederation, union of the German states north of the Main River formed in 1867 under Prussian hegemony after Prussia’s victory over Austria in the Seven Weeks’ War (1866). Berlin was its capital, the king of Prussia was its president, and the Prussian chancellor was also its c

  • North German Lloyd Steamship Company (German shipping company)

    ship: The Atlantic Ferry: …1890s the directors of the North German Lloyd Steamship Company entered the high-class passenger trade by construction of a Blue Riband-class liner. Two ships were ordered—the 1,749-passenger Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse (655 feet long overall; displacement 23,760 tons), with twin screws, and the Kaiser Friedrich, which was returned to the…

  • North German Lowland (plain, Germany)

    North German Plain, lowland region of northern Germany extending from the North and Baltic seas southward to the foreland of the Central German Uplands. It is a portion of the Great European Plain that spreads from the Belgium coast east into the lowlands of central Russia. Nearly the entire North

  • North German Plain (plain, Germany)

    North German Plain, lowland region of northern Germany extending from the North and Baltic seas southward to the foreland of the Central German Uplands. It is a portion of the Great European Plain that spreads from the Belgium coast east into the lowlands of central Russia. Nearly the entire North

  • North Germanic languages

    Scandinavian languages, group of Germanic languages consisting of modern standard Danish, Swedish, Norwegian (Dano-Norwegian and New Norwegian), Icelandic, and Faroese. These languages are usually divided into East Scandinavian (Danish and Swedish) and West Scandinavian (Norwegian, Icelandic, and

  • North Greenfield (Wisconsin, United States)

    West Allis, city, western suburb of Milwaukee, Milwaukee county, southeastern Wisconsin, U.S. It is situated just south of Wauwatosa. Potawatomi and Menominee Indians were among the early inhabitants of the region. In 1835 settlers from New York arrived and began farming along Honey Creek, for

  • North Gyeongsang (province, South Korea)

    North Ky?ngsang, do (province), eastern South Korea. It is bounded to the east by the East Sea (Sea of Japan), to the south by South Ky?ngsang province, to the west by the provinces of North Ch?lla (North Jeolla) and North Ch’ungch’?ng (North Chungcheong), and to the north by Kangw?n (Gangwon)

  • North Haven (Connecticut, United States)

    North Haven, urban town (township), just northeast of New Haven, New Haven county, south-central Connecticut, U.S., on the Quinnipiac River. First settled about 1650 by William Bradley, it became a parish in 1716 and was named North Haven in 1739. In 1786 it was separated from New Haven and

  • North Hempstead (New York, United States)

    North Hempstead, town (township), Nassau county, New York, U.S. It lies on western Long Island and includes 30 incorporated villages and several large unincorporated communities. During the American Revolution numerous British units were stationed in the area. Hessian officers were quartered in the

  • North Hertfordshire (district, England, United Kingdom)

    North Hertfordshire, district, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, southeastern England. It occupies the northern portion of the county. The 400-foot- (120-metre-) high plateau area of North Hertfordshire district is a northeasterly extension of the chalky Chiltern Hills. The

  • North Holland (province, Netherlands)

    Noord-Holland, coastal provincie (province), northwestern Netherlands. It comprises a peninsula surrounded by the North Sea (west), the Waddenzee (north), and the IJsselmeer (Lake IJssel; east). It includes the west Frisian island of Texel off its northern tip. The island of Marken in the

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