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  • Northridge earthquake of 1994 (United States)

    Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. The third major earthquake to occur in the state in 23 years (after the 1971 San Fernando Valley and 1989 San Francisco–Oakland earthquakes), the

  • Northrop Aircraft, Inc. (American company)

    Northrop Grumman Corporation, major American manufacturer specializing in defense and commercial aerospace, electronics, and information-technology products and services. The current company was formed in 1939 as Northrop Aircraft, Inc., and was renamed Northrop Corporation in 1958. Its present

  • Northrop Alpha (airplane)

    John Knudsen Northrop: …Northrop produced the low-wing, aluminum Alpha, which was used to carry mail and passengers. In 1932 he formed the Northrop Corporation in partnership with Douglas, which used his multicellular wing structure on its famous DC-3 passenger and transport plane. In 1939 he founded Northrop Aircraft, Inc., and directed it until…

  • Northrop Corporation (American company)

    Northrop Grumman Corporation, major American manufacturer specializing in defense and commercial aerospace, electronics, and information-technology products and services. The current company was formed in 1939 as Northrop Aircraft, Inc., and was renamed Northrop Corporation in 1958. Its present

  • Northrop Grumman Corporation (American company)

    Northrop Grumman Corporation, major American manufacturer specializing in defense and commercial aerospace, electronics, and information-technology products and services. The current company was formed in 1939 as Northrop Aircraft, Inc., and was renamed Northrop Corporation in 1958. Its present

  • Northrop, John Howard (American biochemist)

    John Howard Northrop, American biochemist who received (with James B. Sumner and Wendell M. Stanley) the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1946 for successfully purifying and crystallizing certain enzymes, thus enabling him to determine their chemical nature. Northrop was educated at Columbia

  • Northrop, John Knudsen (American engineer)

    John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft designer, an early advocate of all-metal construction and the flying wing design. Northrop graduated from high school in 1913 and in 1916 became a draftsman and designer for the Lockheed (formerly Loughead) brothers, builders of seaplanes and sport biplanes

  • Northumberland (county, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Northumberland, county, central Pennsylvania, U.S., consisting of a mountainous region in the Appalachian Ridge and Valley physiographic province bounded to the west by the Susquehanna and West Branch Susquehanna rivers. Other waterways include Chillisquaque, Shamokin, Mahanoy, and Mahantango

  • Northumberland (county, England, United Kingdom)

    Northumberland, historic county and unitary authority of northeastern England. It is England’s northernmost county, bounded to the north by Scotland, to the east by the North Sea, to the west by the administrative county of Cumbria (historic county of Cumberland), and to the south by the county of

  • Northumberland, Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of (English noble)

    Algernon Percy, 10th earl of Northumberland, English Roman Catholic moderate during the turbulent reign of Charles I of England. He became a peer as Baron Percy in 1627 and succeeded his father, the 9th earl, as earl of Northumberland in 1632. During the years immediately preceding the English

  • Northumberland, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of (English noble)

    Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland, English statesman, leading figure during the reigns of England’s Richard II and Henry IV. He and his son Sir Henry Percy, the celebrated “Hotspur,” are commemorated in William Shakespeare’s play Henry IV, Part I. Son of the 3rd Baron Percy of Alnwick (died

  • Northumberland, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of, Baron Percy of Alnwick (English noble)

    Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland, English statesman, leading figure during the reigns of England’s Richard II and Henry IV. He and his son Sir Henry Percy, the celebrated “Hotspur,” are commemorated in William Shakespeare’s play Henry IV, Part I. Son of the 3rd Baron Percy of Alnwick (died

  • Northumberland, Henry Percy, 8th earl of (English noble)

    Henry Percy, 8th earl of Northumberland, English Protestant member of the predominantly Roman Catholic Percy family, who nevertheless died in their cause. Brother of the 7th earl, Henry Percy served both Mary I and Elizabeth I in several capacities. During the northern rebellion, in which his

  • Northumberland, Henry Percy, 9th earl of (English noble)

    Henry Percy, 9th earl of Northumberland, English Roman Catholic imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1605 to 1621 on suspicion of complicity in the Gunpowder Plot (q.v.). On the death of his father, the 8th earl, in 1585, he succeeded to the earldom and settled in London. Although an unavowed

  • Northumberland, John Dudley, duke of (English politician and soldier)

    John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, English politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of England from 1549 to 1553, during the minority of King Edward VI. Almost all historical sources regard him as an unscrupulous schemer whose policies undermined England’s political stability. His father,

  • Northumberland, John Dudley, duke of, earl of Warwick, Viscount Lisle, Baron Lisle (English politician and soldier)

    John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, English politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of England from 1549 to 1553, during the minority of King Edward VI. Almost all historical sources regard him as an unscrupulous schemer whose policies undermined England’s political stability. His father,

  • Northumberland, John Neville, earl of, Lord Montagu (English noble)

    John Neville, earl of Northumberland, leading partisan in the English Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, and the brother of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, the “Kingmaker.” John Neville was a ringleader in the conflict between the Nevilles and Percys in 1453,

  • Northumberland, Thomas Percy, 7th earl of (English conspirator)

    Thomas Percy, 7th earl of Northumberland, English conspirator during the reign of Elizabeth I, seeking the release of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the free exercise of the Roman Catholic religion. His father, Sir Thomas Percy (son of the 5th earl), was attainted and executed at Tyburn for his part in

  • Northumbria (historical kingdom, England)

    Northumbria, one of the most important kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, lying north of the River Humber. During its most flourishing period it extended from the Irish Sea to the North Sea, between two west–east lines formed in the north by the Ayrshire coast and the Firth of Forth and in the south

  • Northumbria, Tostig, Earl of (Anglo-Saxon earl)

    Tostig, earl of Northumbria, Anglo-Saxon earl who became a mortal enemy of his brother Earl Harold, who became King Harold II of England. Tostig was a son, probably the third, of Godwine, earl of Wessex and Kent, and in 1051 married Judith, half sister of Baldwin V, count of Flanders. In the year

  • Northumbrian (language)

    Old English language: …Old English language are known: Northumbrian in northern England and southeastern Scotland; Mercian in central England; Kentish in southeastern England; and West Saxon in southern and southwestern England. Mercian and Northumbrian are often classed together as the Anglian dialects. Most extant Old English writings are in the West Saxon dialect;…

  • Northup, Henry B. (American businessman)

    Solomon Northup: …who enlisted the help of Henry B. Northup, a lifelong friend of Solomon and the grandnephew of the person who had manumitted Mintus.

  • Northup, Mintus (American famer)

    Solomon Northup: His father, Mintus, had been born into slavery but was freed following the death of his master, Capt. Henry Northup, whose will contained the stipulation that his slaves be manumitted. Mintus eventually acquired his own farm and enough land to fulfill the property ownership requirement that African…

  • Northup, Solomon (American farmer and writer)

    Solomon Northup, American farmer, labourer, and musician whose experience of being kidnapped and sold into slavery was the basis for his book Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853, from a Cotton

  • Northwest (region, Argentina)

    Argentina: The Northwest: This part of the Andes region includes the northern half of the main mountain mass in Argentina and the transitional terrain, or piedmont, merging with the eastern lowlands. The region’s southern border is the upper Colorado River. Within the region the Andean system of…

  • Northwest (section, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Northwest: The largest of the four quadrants of the District is Northwest, which contains most of the city’s federal buildings, tourist destinations, and wealthier neighbourhoods. It encompasses the areas known as Downtown, Lafayette Square, Foggy Bottom, Georgetown, Dupont Circle, and Adams-Morgan, among others.

  • Northwest (region, United States)

    Northwest, region, northwestern U.S., including the states of Oregon and Washington and part of Idaho. Originally claimed by Spain, Britain, Russia, and finally the United States, the Northwest was jointly occupied by Britain and the United States until 1846, when the 49th parallel was made the

  • Northwest Airlines, Inc. (American company)

    Northwest Airlines, Inc., American airline founded in 1926 as Northwest Airways, Inc., and incorporated on April 16, 1934, as Northwest Airlines, Inc. Originally flying a mail route between Chicago and Minneapolis–St. Paul, Minn., the company expanded in subsequent decades to eventually include a

  • Northwest Airways, Inc. (American company)

    Northwest Airlines, Inc., American airline founded in 1926 as Northwest Airways, Inc., and incorporated on April 16, 1934, as Northwest Airlines, Inc. Originally flying a mail route between Chicago and Minneapolis–St. Paul, Minn., the company expanded in subsequent decades to eventually include a

  • Northwest Angle (area, Minnesota, United States)

    Lake of the Woods: …of the lake is the Northwest Angle (Lake of the Woods county), which is the northernmost point of the coterminous United States.

  • Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District Number One v. Holder, et al. (law case)

    Voting Rights Act: …perceived as a test case, Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District Number One v. Holder, et al. (2009), the Supreme Court declined to rule on the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act. In Shelby County v. Holder (2013), however, the court struck down Section 4—which had established a formula for identifying…

  • Northwest Bancorporation (American corporation)

    Norwest Corporation, former American holding company that owned subsidiary commercial banks in a number of western and midwestern U.S. states. Norwest and Wells Fargo & Company merged in 1998, and the newly formed business took the latter’s name. The company was incorporated as Northwest

  • northwest Bornean orangutan (primate)

    orangutan: Classification: pygmaeus morio, P. pygmaeus pygmaeus, and P. pygmaeus wurmbii. During the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago), the orangutan range was much more extensive, and orangutan remains have been found as far north as southern China.

  • Northwest Caucasian languages

    Abkhazo-Adyghian languages, group of languages spoken primarily in the northwestern part of the Caucasus Mountains. The languages of this group—Abkhaz, Abaza, Adyghian, Kabardian (Circassian), and the nearly extinct Ubykh—are noted for the great number of distinctive consonants and limited number o

  • Northwest Coast Indian (people)

    Northwest Coast Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting a narrow belt of Pacific coastland and offshore islands from the southern border of Alaska to northwestern California. The Northwest Coast was the most sharply delimited culture area of native North America. It covered

  • Northwest Conspiracy (Confederate military plan)

    LaFayette Curry Baker: …Treasury Department; broke up the “Northwest Conspiracy,” a plan by Confederate terrorists to carry the war to the cities of the North by arson and other means; and uncovered acts of trading with the enemy by prominent Union officials. After Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865, Baker personally planned and…

  • Northwest Germanic language (language)

    Germanic languages: The emergence of Germanic languages: …was between East Germanic and Northwest Germanic. It can be dated roughly to the 1st–3rd centuries ce. Northwest Germanic is attested in the early runic inscriptions (c. 200–500 ce) from Scandinavia and northern Germany and encompassed all the Germanic territory from Scandinavia southward across much of Germany and the Low…

  • Northwest Hijacking (American history)

    D.B. Cooper: …in its history, known as NORJAK (Northwest Hijacking). Initially the agency believed that Cooper knew both planes and the area, and it was speculated that he served in the military, possibly as a paratrooper; later, however, it was decided that he was not an experienced skydiver because the jump was…

  • Northwest Indian Confederation (American Indian organization)

    Battle of Fallen Timbers: …the United States and the Northwest Indian Confederation on the Maumee River near what is now Toledo, Ohio. After two devastating U.S. losses at the hands of the Northwest Indian Confederation, Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne took command of the U.S. Army and retaliated against the allied tribes with an expeditionary…

  • Northwest Missouri State College (university, Maryville, Missouri, United States)

    Northwest Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Maryville, Mo., U.S., 90 miles (145 km) north of Kansas City. It comprises colleges of arts and sciences, education and human services, and business and professional studies. In addition to undergraduate

  • Northwest Missouri State Teachers College (university, Maryville, Missouri, United States)

    Northwest Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Maryville, Mo., U.S., 90 miles (145 km) north of Kansas City. It comprises colleges of arts and sciences, education and human services, and business and professional studies. In addition to undergraduate

  • Northwest Missouri State University (university, Maryville, Missouri, United States)

    Northwest Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Maryville, Mo., U.S., 90 miles (145 km) north of Kansas City. It comprises colleges of arts and sciences, education and human services, and business and professional studies. In addition to undergraduate

  • Northwest Ordinances (United States [1784, 1785, 1787])

    Northwest Ordinances, several ordinances enacted by the U.S. Congress for the purpose of establishing orderly and equitable procedures for the settlement and political incorporation of the Northwest Territory—i.e., that part of the American frontier lying west of Pennsylvania, north of the Ohio

  • Northwest Orient (American company)

    Northwest Airlines, Inc., American airline founded in 1926 as Northwest Airways, Inc., and incorporated on April 16, 1934, as Northwest Airlines, Inc. Originally flying a mail route between Chicago and Minneapolis–St. Paul, Minn., the company expanded in subsequent decades to eventually include a

  • Northwest Passage (film by Vidor [1940])

    Northwest Passage, American adventure film, released in 1940, that deals with events of the French and Indian War, a theme rarely explored in film. It was based on the first part of Kenneth Roberts’s 1937 novel of the same name. The story follows Langdon Towne (played by Robert Young), a young man

  • Northwest Passage (trade route, North America)

    Northwest Passage, historical sea passage of the North American continent. It represents centuries of effort to find a route westward from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean through the Arctic Archipelago of what became Canada. The quest for the passage was one of the world’s severest maritime

  • Northwest Passage: Book I—Rogers’ Rangers (film by Vidor [1940])

    Northwest Passage, American adventure film, released in 1940, that deals with events of the French and Indian War, a theme rarely explored in film. It was based on the first part of Kenneth Roberts’s 1937 novel of the same name. The story follows Langdon Towne (played by Robert Young), a young man

  • Northwest Point National Park (park, Turks and Caicos Islands)

    Providenciales: Northwest Point National Park protects a strip of sea off the northwest coast and includes reefs and breeding grounds for seabirds as well as the pristine and undeveloped Malcolm Roads Beach. Of historical interest are a large number of engravings made on exposed limestone by…

  • Northwest Semitic languages

    Semitic languages: The Northwest Semitic languages and Arabic: A different verbal system in the Northwest Semitic languages and Arabic has led many scholars to posit a Central Semitic group within the West Semitic branch. On the one hand, like other West Semitic languages, the Northwest Semitic languages and…

  • Northwest Territories (territory, Canada)

    Northwest Territories, region of northern and northwestern Canada encompassing a vast area of forests and tundra. Throughout most of the 20th century, the territories constituted more than one-third of the area of Canada and reached almost from the eastern to the western extremities of the country,

  • Northwest Territories, flag of the (Canadian territorial flag)

    Canadian territorial flag consisting of vertical blue-white-blue stripes and the shield of the territorial coat of arms on its wide central stripe.The coat of arms of the Northwest Territories was designed by the air force commander Alan B. Beddoe and approved in 1956. Its crest includes a compass

  • Northwest Territory (historical territory, United States)

    Northwest Territory, U.S. territory created by Congress in 1787 encompassing the region lying west of Pennsylvania, north of the Ohio River, east of the Mississippi River, and south of the Great Lakes. Virginia, New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts had claims to this area, which they ceded to

  • Northwest Uprising (Canadian history [1885])

    North-West Rebellion, violent insurgency in 1885 fought between the Canadian government and the Métis and their aboriginal allies, in regions of Canada later known as Saskatchewan and Alberta. The North-West Rebellion was triggered by rising concern and insecurity among the Métis about their land

  • northwestern moose (mammal)

    moose: …the northeastern United States; the northwestern moose (A. alces andersoni), which inhabits central Canada and North Dakota, Minnesota, and northern Michigan; the Shiras moose (A. alces shirasi), which inhabits the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada; and the Alaskan moose (A. alces gigas), which inhabits Alaska and northwestern…

  • northwestern paper birch (plant)

    paper birch: …nearly white bark; the smaller northwestern paper birch of western North America (variety subcordata) is 18 m high and has orange-brown to silver-gray bark, purplish, red-brown twigs, and small, heart-shaped leaves, about six centimetres long; the mountain paper birch (variety cordifolia), with white bark, is a small, sometimes shrubby tree…

  • Northwestern Turkic languages

    Turkic languages: Classification: …into a southwestern (SW), a northwestern (NW), a southeastern (SE), and a northeastern (NE) branch. Chuvash and Khalaj form separate branches.

  • Northwestern University (university, Evanston, Illinois, United States)

    Northwestern University, private, coeducational university in Evanston, Illinois, U.S. Northwestern University is a comprehensive research institution and a member of the Association of American Colleges and Universities. Northwestern’s undergraduate, graduate, and professional degree programs are

  • Northwic (England, United Kingdom)

    Norwich, city (district), administrative and historic county of Norfolk, England. It is located along the River Wensum above its confluence with the River Yare, about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of London. The site does not seem to have been occupied until Saxon times, when the village of Northwic

  • Northwich (town, England, United Kingdom)

    Northwich, town (parish), Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, historic county of Cheshire, northwestern England. Local brine springs have been used to produce salt since Roman times, but their exploitation has caused severe subsidence of buildings in the town. The present large-scale

  • Northwood, John (British glassmaker)

    John Northwood, English glassmaker, a technical innovator who sparked a resurgence of British interest in classical Greek and Roman glassworking methods, particularly in the art of cameo glass. Northwood studied art before serving as an apprentice in the large glass-manufacturing firm of W.H., B.,

  • Nortmanni (people)

    Norman, member of those Vikings, or Norsemen, who settled in northern France (or the Frankish kingdom), together with their descendants. The Normans founded the duchy of Normandy and sent out expeditions of conquest and colonization to southern Italy and Sicily and to England, Wales, Scotland, and

  • Norton (Massachusetts, United States)

    Norton, town (township), Bristol county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S., 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Brockton and about 30 miles (50 km) south of Boston. It was settled in 1669 by a cabin boy, William Wetherell, according to local lore, and incorporated in 1711. Norton was a centre of

  • Norton (Zimbabwe)

    Norton, town, north-central Zimbabwe. It was named after a farm family murdered (1896) in the Shona uprisings. Developed in the 1960s as a planned industrial township, it is located 29 miles (46 km) west of Harare (formerly Salisbury) on the road and rail line to Bulawayo and 5 miles (8 km) from

  • Norton Anthology of English Literature, The (English literary anthology)

    M.H. Abrams: …the first seven editions of The Norton Anthology of English Literature.

  • Norton culture (anthropology)

    Arctic: History of settlement: …replaced by that of the Norton culture in approximately 500 bc. These people made pottery similar to that found in contemporary Siberia, and their substantial villages of semisubterranean houses appeared along the coast from the Bering Sea to the Beaufort Sea, near the present northern border of Alaska with Canada.…

  • Norton Sound (sound, Alaska, United States)

    Norton Sound, arm of the Bering Sea, indenting for 125 miles (200 km) the west coast of Alaska, U.S., with a width of 70 miles (115 km) between the Seward Peninsula (north) and the Yukon River delta (south). The sound is navigable from May to October. The city of Nome, on the northern shore, is

  • Norton’s Star Atlas (astronomical publication)

    astronomical map: Atlases for stargazing: Norton’s Star Atlas, perfected through numerous editions, plots all naked-eye stars on eight convenient charts measuring 25 by 43 cm (9.8 by 17 inches). The Tirion Sky Atlas 2000.0 (1981) includes some 43,000 stars to magnitude eight and is based primarily on the SAO Star…

  • Norton, Alice Mary (American author)

    Andre Norton, prolific best-selling American author of science-fiction and fantasy adventure novels for both juveniles and adults. Norton entered Western Reserve University (now Case Western Reserve University) in 1930 but two years later began an 18-year career as a children’s librarian at the

  • Norton, Andre (American author)

    Andre Norton, prolific best-selling American author of science-fiction and fantasy adventure novels for both juveniles and adults. Norton entered Western Reserve University (now Case Western Reserve University) in 1930 but two years later began an 18-year career as a children’s librarian at the

  • Norton, C. H. (American engineer)

    machine tool: History: C.H. Norton of Massachusetts dramatically illustrated the potential of the grinding machine by making one that could grind an automobile crankshaft in 15 minutes, a process that previously had required five hours.

  • Norton, Caroline (British writer)

    Caroline Norton, English poet and novelist whose matrimonial difficulties prompted successful efforts to secure legal protection for married women. Granddaughter of the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan, she began to write while in her teens. The Sorrows of Rosalie (1829) and The Undying One

  • Norton, Charles Eliot (American scholar)

    Charles Eliot Norton, American scholar and man of letters, an idealist and reformer by temperament, who exhibited remarkable energy in a wide range of activity. After graduating from Harvard in 1846, Norton opened a night school in Cambridge, was director of a housing experiment in Boston, and

  • Norton, Edward (American actor)

    Edward Norton, American actor known for his intense performances and uncompromising approach to his work. Norton, the son of a high-school English teacher and an attorney, was raised in Columbia, Maryland. He studied history at Yale University (B.A., 1991), in New Haven, Connecticut, before moving

  • Norton, Edward Harrison (American actor)

    Edward Norton, American actor known for his intense performances and uncompromising approach to his work. Norton, the son of a high-school English teacher and an attorney, was raised in Columbia, Maryland. He studied history at Yale University (B.A., 1991), in New Haven, Connecticut, before moving

  • Norton, Edwin (American inventor and manufacturer)

    Edwin Norton, American inventor and manufacturer. Norton began manufacturing tin cans on a small scale in 1868. With his brother, he opened a number of successively larger and more diversified Norton plants. By 1890 he had perfected the first automatic can-making line. He invented the

  • Norton, Eleanor Holmes (American lawyer and politician)

    Eleanor Holmes Norton, American lawyer and politician who broke several gender and racial barriers during her career, in which she defended the rights of others to equal opportunity. After attending Antioch College (B.A., 1960) in Yellow Springs, Ohio, Norton received degrees from Yale University

  • Norton, Greg (American musician)

    Hüsker Dü: ), Greg Norton (b. March 13, 1959, Rock Island, Illinois), and Grant Hart (in full Grantzberg Vernon Hart; b. March 18, 1961, St. Paul, Minnesota—d. September 13/14, 2017).

  • Norton, John (American potter)

    pottery: The United States: …Bennington, Vermont, founded by Captain John Norton in 1793, made domestic wares, including salt-glazed stoneware. The factory was removed to Bennington Village by his son, Judge Luman Norton, in 1831, and creamware and a brown-glazed ware were produced. In 1839 the factory became Norton and Fenton, and about 1845 the…

  • Norton, Joshua Abraham (British American miner and rice baron)

    José Sarria: …appropriated the legend of the Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton, an eccentric 19th-century San Franciscan miner and rice baron who in 1858 had proclaimed himself the Emperor of the United States and Canada and Protector of Mexico.

  • Norton, Ken (American boxer)

    Ken Norton, (Kenneth Howard Norton), American boxer (born Aug. 9, 1943, Jacksonville, Ill.—died Sept. 18, 2013, Henderson, Nev.), became only the second professional fighter to defeat heavyweight great Muhammad Ali when he earned a split-decision victory against him on March 31, 1973; a powerful

  • Norton, Kenneth Howard (American boxer)

    Ken Norton, (Kenneth Howard Norton), American boxer (born Aug. 9, 1943, Jacksonville, Ill.—died Sept. 18, 2013, Henderson, Nev.), became only the second professional fighter to defeat heavyweight great Muhammad Ali when he earned a split-decision victory against him on March 31, 1973; a powerful

  • Norton, Lilian (American opera singer)

    Lillian Nordica, American soprano, acclaimed for her opulent voice and dramatic presence, especially in Wagnerian roles. Nordica grew up from the age of six in Boston, studied at the New England Conservatory of Music, and then gave recitals in the United States and London before resuming study in

  • Norton, Mary (English author)

    Mary Norton, British children’s writer most famous for her series on the Borrowers, a resourceful race of beings only 6 inches (15 cm) tall, who secretly share houses with humans and “borrow” what they need from them. Norton was educated in a convent school in London and trained as an actress with

  • Norton, Thomas (English dramatist)

    tragedy: Elizabethan: by Thomas Sackville and Thomas Norton, first acted in 1561, is now known as the first formal tragedy in English, though it is far from fulfilling the high offices of the form in tone, characterization, and theme. Thomas Kyd’s Spanish Tragedy (c. 1587) continued the Senecan tradition of the…

  • Nortraship (government agency, Norway)

    Norway: World War II: The government, through the Norwegian Shipping and Trade Mission (Nortraship), directed the merchant fleet, which made an important contribution to the Allied cause. Half of the fleet, however, was lost during the war.

  • nortriptyline (drug)

    antidepressant: amitriptyline, desipramine, nortriptyline, and a number of other compounds. These drugs relieve symptoms in a high proportion (more than 70 percent) of depressed patients. As with the MAOIs, the antidepressant action of tricyclic drugs may not become apparent until two to four weeks after treatment begins.

  • Nōrūz (Zoroastrianism and Parsiism)

    Nowruz, festival celebrating the new year on the Persian calendar, usually beginning on March 21 on the Gregorian calendar. Though it is a largely secular celebration, it is often associated with and influenced by Zoroastrianism and Parsiism, in which Nowruz is a religious holiday. The festival is

  • Norville, Kenneth (American musician)

    Red Norvo, (Kenneth Norville), American jazz musician and swing bandleader (born March 31, 1908, Beardstown, Ill.—died April 6, 1999, Santa Monica, Calif.), was a pioneer of mallet instruments in jazz, becoming the only great jazz xylophone player in the 1930s, when he led a popular dance band t

  • Norvo, Red (American musician)

    Red Norvo, (Kenneth Norville), American jazz musician and swing bandleader (born March 31, 1908, Beardstown, Ill.—died April 6, 1999, Santa Monica, Calif.), was a pioneer of mallet instruments in jazz, becoming the only great jazz xylophone player in the 1930s, when he led a popular dance band t

  • Norwalk (California, United States)

    Norwalk, city, Los Angeles county, southwestern California, U.S. Located 17 miles (27 km) southeast of Los Angeles, the city was originally inhabited by Chumash Indians. The area was once a part of the Rancho Los Coyotes, a subdivision (1834) of the 1784 Spanish land grant known as Rancho Los

  • Norwalk (Ohio, United States)

    Norwalk, city, seat (1818) of Huron county, northern Ohio, U.S., about 60 miles (100 km) west-southwest of Cleveland. It was originally part of the Western Reserve known as the Sufferers’ Lands, or Firelands, set aside in 1792 for Connecticut residents whose homes were burned by loyalists during

  • Norwalk (Connecticut, United States)

    Norwalk, city, coextensive with the town (township) of Norwalk, Fairfield county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S., on Long Island Sound at the mouth of the Norwalk River. Roger Ludlow purchased the land from the Norwalk (Norwaake, or Naramauke) Indians in 1640, and the area was settled by colonists

  • Norwalk virus (infectious agent)

    gastroenteritis: caliciviruses, Norwalk viruses, and adenoviruses are the most common causes. Other forms of gastroenteritis include food poisoning, cholera, and traveler’s diarrhea, which develops within a few days after traveling to a country or region that has unsanitary water or food. Traveler’s diarrhea is caused by exposure…

  • Norwalk-like virus (virus genus)

    calicivirus: Sapovirus, and Norovirus (Norwalk-like viruses). Type species of this family include Vesicular exanthema of swine virus, Norwalk virus, and Sapporo virus. Species of Norovirus frequently give rise to outbreaks of foodborne and waterborne gastroenteritis in humans. Feline calicivirus (FCV) is an agent that causes upper respiratory disease…

  • Norway

    Norway, country of northern Europe that occupies the western half of the Scandinavian peninsula. Nearly half of the inhabitants of the country live in the far south, in the region around Oslo, the capital. About two-thirds of Norway is mountainous, and off its much-indented coastline lie, carved by

  • Norway Current (current, North Atlantic Ocean)

    Norway Current, branch of the North Atlantic Current, sometimes considered a continuation of the Gulf Stream (issuing from the Gulf of Mexico). The Norway Current enters the Norwegian Sea north of Scotland and flows northeastward along the coast of Norway before flowing into the Barents Sea. With

  • Norway Deep (submarine trough, North Sea)

    Norway Deep, undersea trough in the northeastern North Sea. It extends southward from ?lesund in western Norway, running parallel to the Norwegian coast and curving around the southern tip of Norway into the Skagerrak (the strait between southern Norway and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark) as far

  • Norway haddock (fish, Sebastes viviparus)

    redfish: …also referred to as the Norway haddock). Both are red and grow to about 25 cm (10 inches) long.

  • Norway lemming (rodent)

    lemming: Natural history: …only short distances, but the Norway lemmings (Lemmus lemmus) in Scandinavia are a dramatic exception. From a central point, they move in growing numbers outward in all directions, at first erratically and under cover of darkness but later in bold groups that may travel in daylight. Huge hordes overrun broad…

  • Norway lobster (lobster)

    Scampi, (Nephrops norvegicus), edible lobster of the order Decapoda (class Crustacea). It is widespread in the Mediterranean and northeastern Atlantic, from North Africa to Norway and Iceland, and as a gastronomic delicacy it is commercially exploited over much of its range, particularly by Great

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