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  • NR (rubber)

    elastomer: Polymers and elasticity: …common elastomers are cis-polyisoprene (natural rubber, NR), cis-polybutadiene (butadiene rubber, BR), styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), and ethylene-propylene monomer (EPM). SBR is a mixed polymer, or copolymer, consisting of two different monomer units, styrene and butadiene, arranged randomly along the molecular chain. (The structure of SBR is illustrated in the figure.)…

  • NRA (American political organization)

    George Henry Evans: …political action, Evans organized the National Reform Association. Through its numerous state branches, the organization pressed for free homesteads in the West. The group’s motto was “Vote yourself a farm,” and Congress eventually responded by passing the Homestead Act (1862).

  • NRA (British organization)

    National Rifle Association of America: …NRA was modeled after the National Rifle Association in Great Britain, which had been formed in 1859. The British NRA has its headquarters near Woking, Surrey, England, the American in Fairfax, Virginia.

  • NRA (military organization, Uganda)

    Uganda: Obote’s second presidency: …the movement’s guerrilla group, the National Resistance Army (NRA), and waged an increasingly effective campaign against the government.

  • NRA (United States history)

    National Recovery Administration (NRA), U.S. government agency established by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt to stimulate business recovery through fair-practice codes during the Great Depression. The NRA was an essential element in the National Industrial Recovery Act (June 1933), which authorized

  • NRAO (observatory, Green Bank, West Virginia, United States)

    National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the national radio observatory of the United States. It is funded by the National Science Foundation and is managed by Associated Universities, Inc., a consortium of nine leading private universities. Its headquarters are in Charlottesville, Va. The NRAO

  • NRC (United States organization)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), an independent regulatory agency that is responsible for overseeing the civilian use of nuclear materials in the United States. The NRC was established on Oct. 11, 1974, by President Gerald Ford as one of two successor organizations to the Atomic Energy

  • NRC (Ghanaian government agency)

    Ghana: Series of coups: …was taken over by a National Redemption Council (NRC) of military men chaired by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheampong. The national assembly was dissolved, public meetings prohibited, political parties proscribed, and leading politicians imprisoned. In July 1972 a retroactive Subversion Decree was enacted under which military courts were empowered to impose…

  • NRC (American organization)

    National Academy of Sciences: …1916 the academy established the National Research Council to coordinate the activities of various scientists and engineers in universities, industry, and government; the council issues many publications and awards a number of postdoctoral fellowships. In 1950 the Academy and the Council were administratively joined. In 1964 the National Academy of…

  • NREM sleep (biology)

    sleep: NREM sleep: By the time a child reaches one year of age, NREM sleep can be classified into different sleep stages. NREM is conventionally subdivided into three different stages on the basis of EEG criteria: stage 1, stage 2, and stage 3 (sometimes referred to…

  • NRF (French review)

    La Nouvelle Revue fran?aise, leading French review of literature and the other arts. It was founded in February 1909 (after a false start in November 1908) by a group that included André Gide, Jacques Copeau, and Jean Schlumberger. The NRF’s founders wished to emphasize aesthetic issues and to

  • NRHP (federal preservation register, United States)

    National Register of Historic Places, federal list of places that merit preservation because of their importance in U.S. history. The register was established by the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, and it is administered by the National Park Service. The NHPA gives authority to

  • Nri (historical kingdom, Africa)

    Nigeria: Igbo Ukwu: …possibly a forerunner of the eze nri, a priest-king, who held religious but not political power over large parts of the Igbo-inhabited region well into the 20th century.

  • nritta (dance)

    dance: Indian classical dance: , the imitation of character); nritta, pure dance, in which the rhythms and phrases of the music are reflected in the decorative movements of the hands and body and in the stamping of the feet; and nritya, the portrayal of mood through facial expression, hand gesture, and position of the…

  • nritya (dance)

    dance: Indian classical dance: …stamping of the feet; and nritya, the portrayal of mood through facial expression, hand gesture, and position of the legs and feet.

  • NRL (laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Albert Hoyt Taylor: …the radio division of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory from 1923 until 1945.

  • NRM (physics)

    rock: Types of remanent magnetization: NRM (natural remanent magnetization) is the magnetization detected in a geologic in situ condition. The NRM of a substance may, of course, be a combination of any of the other remanent magnetizations described here.

  • NRM (political organization, Uganda)

    Yoweri Kaguta Museveni: …president Yusufu Lule formed the National Resistance Movement (NRM); Museveni led the NRM’s armed group, the National Resistance Army, which waged a guerrilla war against Obote’s regime. The resistance eventually prevailed, and on January 26, 1986, Museveni declared himself president of Uganda. He was elected to the post on May…

  • NRO (United States Air Force)

    space exploration: United States: This effort resulted in the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), jointly directed by the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency. The very existence of this organization was kept secret until 1992. The NRO operated the initial Corona program until 1972. It continued to manage the development of successor photointelligence…

  • NRP (political party, South Africa)

    New Republic Party, former South African political party founded in 1977 as the direct successor to the United Party. The majority faction of the United Party, seeing its party disintegrating by defections to other new parties and to the ruling National Party, decided formally to disband the party

  • NRTA (American organization)

    American Association of Retired Persons: …the AARP merged with the National Retired Teachers Association (NRTA), an organization that Andrus had founded in 1947 to obtain pension and health insurance benefits for retired educators.

  • NRTI (drug)

    reverse transcriptase: Reverse transcriptase: discovery and impacts: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) such as AZT (zidovudine)—the first drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prolong the lives of AIDS patients—act by terminating the proviral DNA chain before the enzyme can finish transcription. NRTIs are often given in combination with…

  • NRU (political party, Greece)

    Konstantinos Karamanlis: …also his own party, the National Radical Union (ERE), which in parliamentary elections in February 1956 obtained 161 seats out of 300. He retained a parliamentary majority in elections held in 1958 and 1961. As prime minister, Karamanlis helped Greece make a dramatic economic recovery from the devastation of World…

  • NRW.BANK (German bank)

    NRW.BANK, major German commercial and investment bank. Its owners (guarantors) are the state of North Rhine–Westphalia, the Regional Associations of the Rhineland and Westphalia-Lippe, and the Savings Banks and Giro Associations of the Rhineland and Westphalia-Lippe. Its headquarters are in

  • Ns (chemical element)

    Dubnium (Db), an artificially produced radioactive transuranium element in Group Vb of the periodic table, atomic number 105. The discovery of dubnium (element 105), like that of rutherfordium (element 104), has been a matter of dispute between Soviet and American scientists. The Soviets may have

  • NSA (United States agency)

    National Security Agency (NSA), U.S. intelligence agency within the Department of Defense that is responsible for cryptographic and communications intelligence and security. Its headquarters are in Fort Meade, Maryland. The NSA grew out of the communications intelligence activities of U.S. military

  • NSAID (medicine)

    NSAID, drug that reduces inflammation and is effective against pain (see analgesic) and fever. Most NSAIDs are available without prescription and are usually used for short periods for mild pain. NSAIDs work by inhibiting the synthesis of molecules known as prostaglandins, which are important

  • Nsanje (Malawi)

    Nsanje, town, southern Malawi, along the west bank of the Shire River and north of the Ndindi Marsh. It is home to the Manganja and Sena peoples, and as the country’s southernmost town, it serves as a customs post on the Mozambique border. It is also a trade and transportation centre on the

  • NSBO (American organization)

    city manager: …the United States by the National Short Ballot Organization, which proposed to improve local and state government by reducing the number of elected officials. In 1913 Dayton, Ohio, was the first large city to adopt the plan. It spread quickly after that as the plan was adopted in many cities…

  • NSC (United States agency)

    National Security Council (NSC), U.S. agency within the Executive Office of the President, established by the National Security Act in 1947 to advise the president on domestic, foreign, and military policies related to national security. The president of the United States is chairman of the NSC;

  • NSC (biology)

    Neural stem cell, largely undifferentiated cell originating in the central nervous system. Neural stem cells (NSCs) have the potential to give rise to offspring cells that grow and differentiate into neurons and glial cells (non-neuronal cells that insulate neurons and enhance the speed at which

  • NSC-68 (United States history)

    20th-century international relations: The Korean War: …War also hastened implementation of NSC-68, a document drafted by Paul Nitze that called for a vigorous program of atomic and conventional rearmament to meet America’s global commitments.

  • NSD (school, New Delhi, India)

    National School of Drama (NSD), educational institution in New Delhi founded in 1959 for the study of theatre and providing training in acting, stagecraft, and related subjects. It is considered the foremost school of its kind in India. The NSD was established under the aegis of the Sangeet Natak

  • NSDAP (political party, Germany)

    Nazi Party, political party of the mass movement known as National Socialism. Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the party came to power in Germany in 1933 and governed by totalitarian methods until 1945. It was founded as the German Workers’ Party by Anton Drexler, a Munich locksmith, in 1919.

  • NSDUH (United States survey)

    drug use: Extent of contemporary drug abuse: …drug abuse primarily through the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey (also called National High School Senior Survey). The MTF tracks drug use and attitudes toward drugs among students in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades. The NSDUH tracks the prevalence…

  • Nsenga (people)

    Nsenga, a Bantu-speaking people inhabiting the Luangwa River valley area of southeastern Zambia. It is difficult to differentiate the Nsenga from other eastern Zambian peoples, since they share many social customs with the neighbouring Bemba, Bisa, and Lila peoples to the north but share the use of

  • Nsengiyumva, Anatole (Rwandan military officer)

    Rwanda genocide of 1994: ICTR: …defendants were former military commanders Anatole Nsengiyumva and Aloys Ntabukuze and the former chief of military operations, Gratien Kabiligi. On Dec. 18, 2008, Bagosora was sentenced to life imprisonment for having masterminded the killings, and Nsengiyumva and Ntabukuze also received life sentences. Those were the first convictions for the organization…

  • NSEP (United States educational program)

    National Security Education Program (NSEP), U.S. federal scholarship and fellowship program administered by the Department of Defense to provide financial assistance to American undergraduate and graduate students who study foreign languages and other internationally oriented fields related to

  • NSF (United States organization)

    National Science Foundation (NSF), an independent agency of the U.S. government that supports basic research and education in a wide range of sciences and in mathematics and engineering. It was inspired by advances in science and technology that occurred as a result of World War II; the NSF was

  • NSFNet (communications)

    Internet: Foundation of the Internet: …development and operation of the NSFNET, a national “backbone” network to connect these centres. By the late 1980s the network was operating at millions of bits per second. NSF also funded various nonprofit local and regional networks to connect other users to the NSFNET. A few commercial networks also began…

  • NSFNET (communications)

    Internet: Foundation of the Internet: …development and operation of the NSFNET, a national “backbone” network to connect these centres. By the late 1980s the network was operating at millions of bits per second. NSF also funded various nonprofit local and regional networks to connect other users to the NSFNET. A few commercial networks also began…

  • NSG (international organization)

    Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), voluntary association of 48 countries that are capable of exporting and transporting civilian nuclear technology and that have pledged to conduct the transfer of this technology under mutually agreed guidelines. The ultimate purpose of the NSG’s guidelines is to

  • NSHEB (British agency)

    Scotland: World War II and after: …government, helped to create the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board, which was one of the most successful government agencies of the period.

  • Nsi? (African festival)

    nature worship: Water as fructifying: …the Bamessing corn festival (Nsi?), which is celebrated in the dry season, opens with the mourning of the dead vegetation. Reminiscent of the Egyptian Osiris and the Mesopotamian Tammuz festivals, Nsi? emphasizes that the god who gave the nourishment has died and is being mourned like a chieftain. The…

  • NSL (Australian sports organization)

    football: Asia and Oceania: …most prominent members of the National Soccer League (NSL) when it started in 1977. The league has widened its scope, however, to include a highly successful Perth side, plus a Brisbane club and even one from Auckland, New Zealand. The NSL collapsed in 2004, but a new league, known as…

  • NSO (American orchestra)

    National Symphony Orchestra (NSO), American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D.C. It was founded in 1931 by Hans Kindler, who served as its first music director (1931–49). Subsequent directors have been Howard Mitchell (1949–69), Hungarian-born American Antal Dorati (1970–77), distinguished

  • NSP (political party, Turkey)

    Abdullah Gül: …a parliamentary candidate of the National Salvation Party (NSP; Mill? Selamet Partisi), the first Islamist party to make an impact. After Gül graduated (1971) with a degree in economics from Istanbul University, where he was active in the nationalist Turkish National Students’ Union, he spent two years conducting postgraduate studies…

  • NSSFC (United States agency)

    weather forecasting: Predictive skills and procedures: …National Weather Service operates a National Severe Storms Forecasting Center (NSSFC) in Kansas City, Mo., where SELS forecasters survey the atmosphere for the conditions that can spawn tornadoes or severe thunderstorms. This group of SELS forecasters, assembled in 1952, monitors temperature and water vapour in an effort to identify the…

  • NSU (political organization, Germany)

    Friedrich Naumann: Max Weber, Naumann founded the National Social Union (1896), an organization that combined a program of democratic and social reform with a call to national strength. After 1903, however, having failed to establish a political party based on his association, he joined the Freisinnige Vereinigung (Liberal Union)—later (1910) merged with…

  • Nsukka (Nigeria)

    Nsukka, university town, Enugu state, southern Nigeria. It lies in the Udi Hills at an elevation of 1,300 feet (396 m). Nsukka is an agricultural-trade centre for the yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), taro, pigeon peas, and palm oil and kernels produced by the local Igbo (Ibo) people. Weaving

  • Nsukka Plateau (plateau, Nigeria)

    Udi-Nsukka Plateau, pair of plateaus in south-central Nigeria that form a nearly continuous elevated area. The Nsukka Plateau, which forms the main eastward-facing escarpment, extends about 80 miles (130 km) from Nsukka in the north to Enugu in the south. The Udi Plateau continues southward for a

  • NSWRL (sports organization)

    rugby: Australia: …and players to form the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) on August 8, 1907. The NSWRL adopted the rules of the Northern Union and organized an Australian team to play against the All Golds before they left for England. In 1908 a rugby league competition began in Sydney with…

  • *NSYNC (American musical group)

    Justin Timberlake: …the hugely successful “boy band” *NSYNC before establishing a career as a solo performer.

  • NT (IUCN species status)

    endangered species: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: …1,000 individuals, or other factors Near Threatened (NT), species that are close to becoming threatened or may meet the criteria for threatened status in the near future Least Concern (LC), a category containing species that are pervasive and abundant after careful assessment Data Deficient (DD), a condition applied to species…

  • NTA (chemical compound)

    chemical weapon: Banning chemical weapons: …cover fourth-generation chemical weapons, so-called nontraditional agents (NTAs), such as some of the binary nerve agents known as “novichoks.” There is evidence that Russia inherited NTAs from the former Soviet arsenals. In March 2018 Sergei Skripal, a former Russian intelligence officer who had acted as a double agent for Britain,…

  • Ntabukuze, Aloys (Rwandan military officer)

    Rwanda genocide of 1994: ICTR: …military commanders Anatole Nsengiyumva and Aloys Ntabukuze and the former chief of military operations, Gratien Kabiligi. On Dec. 18, 2008, Bagosora was sentenced to life imprisonment for having masterminded the killings, and Nsengiyumva and Ntabukuze also received life sentences. Those were the first convictions for the organization of the genocide…

  • Ntare I (king of Burundi)

    Burundi: Precolonial Burundi: …the 16th century, founded by Ntare Rushatsi (Ntare I). According to one tradition, Ntare I came from Rwanda; according to other sources, he came from Buha in the southeast, from which he laid the foundation of the original kingdom in the neighbouring Nkoma region. The relationship between the different groups…

  • Ntare Rushatsi (king of Burundi)

    Burundi: Precolonial Burundi: …the 16th century, founded by Ntare Rushatsi (Ntare I). According to one tradition, Ntare I came from Rwanda; according to other sources, he came from Buha in the southeast, from which he laid the foundation of the original kingdom in the neighbouring Nkoma region. The relationship between the different groups…

  • Ntaryamira, Cyprien (president of Burundi)

    Burundi: Civil war: …main political parties finally chose Cyprien Ntaryamira, a Hutu, as president. Ntaryamira took office in February 1994, but two months later he and Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana were killed when the plane they were on crashed near the airport in Kigali, Rwanda. Fighting intensified, hundreds more were killed, and calls…

  • NTCR thermistor (electronics)

    conductive ceramics: Thermistors: Negative TCR, or NTCR, ceramics are materials whose electric resistance decreases as temperatures rise. These ceramics are usually spinels based on oxides of iron, cobalt, and manganese that exhibit small polaron conduction. Under normal temperatures there is an energy barrier to moving electrons from site…

  • NTD (American theatre company)

    National Theatre of the Deaf (NTD), American theatre, established in 1965 and based in Waterford, Connecticut, that was the world’s first professional deaf-theatre company and was in the early 21st century the oldest continually producing touring-theatre company in the United States. The National

  • Nteepana (Tanzanian mask)

    African dance: Masquerade dancers: …which sway rhythmically while their Nteepana mask elongates to great heights as the embodiment of a powerful animal spirit.

  • ntemi (East African leadership)

    eastern Africa: The chieftainships of the southern savanna: Ntemi (as the office was called) became prevalent among both the Sukuma and the Nyamwezi. They (the ntemi) were probably as much ritual leaders as political rulers; certainly they do not seem to have exercised before the 19th century a “state” authority that was characteristic…

  • NTG (Liberia)

    Liberia: Constitutional framework: …the fighting and created a National Transitional Government (NTG). The NTG, supported by United Nations peacekeeping troops, replaced the government under the 1986 constitution and ruled until a democratically elected administration was installed in 2006.

  • NTHP (American organization)

    art conservation and restoration: Role of law: In the United States the National Trust for Historic Preservation operates in a similar way.

  • NTI (American organization)

    Sam Nunn: …in 2001 he cofounded the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), a Washington, D.C., nonprofit organization established to reduce the threat posed to global security by weapons of mass destruction. Nunn was also a distinguished professor at the school of international affairs at Georgia Tech that bore his name.

  • Ntibantunganya, Sylvestre (president of Burundi)

    Burundi: Civil war: …power-sharing coalition government headed by Sylvestre Ntibantunganya, a Hutu. Fighting continued throughout the country during the nearly two years of coalition government.

  • Ntini, Makhaya (South African cricketer)

    cricket: South Africa: Makhaya Ntini, a world-class fast bowler, who made his international debut for South Africa in 1998 and played in more than 100 Tests, served as a role model for the new generation of black cricketers. On the other hand, in 2000 Hansie Cronje, the captain…

  • Ntlakapamux (people)

    Plateau Indian: Language: include the Shuswap, Lillooet, and Ntlakapamux (Thompson) tribes. The Interior Salish live mostly in the Upper Columbia area and include the Okanagan, Sinkaietk, Lake, Wenatchee, Sanpoil, Nespelim, Spokan, Kalispel,

  • Ntlenyana, Mount (mountain, Lesotho)

    Thabana Ntlenyana, mountain peak (11,424 feet [3,482 m]) in the Drakensberg and the highest in Africa south of Kilimanjaro. The peak lies in Lesotho, an independent country entirely within South Africa, just west of the border with the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Nearby are the headwaters of the

  • Ntlo ya Dikgosi (Botswana)

    Botswana: Constitutional framework: The Ntlo ya Dikgosi (House of Chiefs) serves in an advisory role on matters of legislation pertaining to tribal law and custom. It is composed of permanent members (representing each of the eight Tswana “tribes”) and members who are selected to serve a five-year term. Botswana’s judicial system consists…

  • Ntomo (African society)

    African art: Bambara (Bamana): The society known as Ntomo is for young boys before circumcision. The masks associated with Ntomo have a line of vertical projections above the face, signifying beliefs related to human creations. The Tyiwara, an age grade that prepares young men to be husbands and fathers, focuses on agriculture. Its…

  • ntoro (Akan kinship group)

    Asante: …and governs membership in exogamous ntoro divisions that are associated with certain religious and moral obligations.

  • NTP Inc. (American company)

    BlackBerry: Patent disputes with NTP Inc., an American patent holding company, delayed the release of new devices. The BlackBerry continuously receives e-mail, calendar entries, and data files through the Internet and the cellular phone network, according to rules set by the user. This is known as “push technology,” and…

  • NTR (Indian actor, director, and politician)

    Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian motion-picture actor and director, politician, and government official who founded the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and served three terms (1983–84; 1984–89; and 1994–95) as chief minister (head of government) of Andhra Pradesh state in southeastern India. As an actor

  • NTR: Kathanayakudu (film by Krish [2019])

    Vidya Balan: In 2019 Balan appeared in NTR: Kathanayakudu and NTR: Mahanayakudu, both of which were biopics about Indian actor, director, and politician Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao.

  • NTR: Mahanayakudu (film by Krish [2019])

    Vidya Balan: …appeared in NTR: Kathanayakudu and NTR: Mahanayakudu, both of which were biopics about Indian actor, director, and politician Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao.

  • NTS (nuclear testing site, Nevada, United States)

    Nevada Test Site (NTS), nuclear testing site operated by the U.S. Department of Energy and located in Nye County, Nevada, that saw a total of 928 nuclear explosive tests between January 1951 and September 1992. The site—containing 28 areas in total—is located 65 miles (105 km) northwest of Las

  • Ntsay, Christian (Malagasy politician)

    Madagascar: Return to constitutional order: …named a new prime minister, Christian Ntsay, to head a government of national unity and appointed a new cabinet. Ntsay scheduled the upcoming presidential election for November 7, 2018.

  • NTSC (United States committee)

    television: Colour television: In 1952 the National Television Systems Committee (NTSC) was reformed, this time with the purpose of creating an “industry color system.” The NTSC system that was demonstrated to the press in August 1952 and that would serve into the 21st century was virtually the RCA system. The first…

  • NTT (Japanese company)

    Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japanese telecommunications company that almost monopolizes Japan’s domestic electronic communications industry. It is Japan’s largest company and one of the largest companies in the world. NTT was established in 1952 as a public corporation and the

  • NTT DoCoMo (Japanese company)

    Tachikawa Keiji: …before being tapped to run NTT DoCoMo (short for “Do Communication Over the Mobile Network”). Until Tachikawa took the helm, NTT DoCoMo had been a relatively obscure corporate division. Realizing that the wireless industry held tremendous potential, Tachikawa oversaw the introduction in 1999 of i-mode, a wireless Internet service that…

  • NU (political party, South Africa)

    Cecil Rhodes: Policies as prime minister of Cape Colony: The Uitlanders formed a National Union to support their cause, with Rhodes’s brother Frank among its leaders. Kruger sought the support of Germany, and in 1895 he again closed the drifts across the Vaal. Once more he was forced to withdraw, and by that time a conspiracy against him…

  • Nu (ancient state, Japan)

    Japan: Chinese chronicles: …57 ce the “state of Nu in Wo” sent emissaries to the Dong Han court and that the emperor gave them a gold seal. The “state of Nu,” located on what is now Hakata Bay, in Kyushu, was one of the more than 100 states that constituted Wo. This account…

  • Nu (Egyptian god)

    Nun, oldest of the ancient Egyptian gods and father of Re, the sun god. Nun’s name means “primeval waters,” and he represented the waters of chaos out of which Re-Atum began creation. Nun’s qualities were boundlessness, darkness, and the turbulence of stormy waters; these qualities were personified

  • NU (political party, Indonesia)

    Indonesia: The years of constitutional democracy: … (Masjumi); the Muslim theologians’ party, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), which seceded from Masyumi in 1952; the Nationalist Party (PNI); the Communist Party (PKI); the “national communist” party, Murba; the lesser Muslim parties, Perti and Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia (PSII); and the Socialist Party (PSI). Until the first elections were held, in…

  • Nu Chiang (river, Asia)

    Salween River, major stream of Southeast Asia and the longest in Myanmar (Burma). Rising in the T’ang-ku-la Mountains, a range of eastern Tibet, the river flows generally south for about 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through Yunnan province, China, and eastern Myanmar, emptying into the Gulf of Martaban

  • Nu Gua (Chinese mythology)

    Nu Gua, in Chinese mythology, the patroness of matchmakers. As wife or sister of the legendary emperor Fu Xi, she helped establish norms for marriage (that included go-betweens) and regulated conduct between the sexes. She is described as having a human head but the body of a snake (or fish).

  • Nu Jiang (river, Asia)

    Salween River, major stream of Southeast Asia and the longest in Myanmar (Burma). Rising in the T’ang-ku-la Mountains, a range of eastern Tibet, the river flows generally south for about 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through Yunnan province, China, and eastern Myanmar, emptying into the Gulf of Martaban

  • Nü Kua (Chinese mythology)

    Nu Gua, in Chinese mythology, the patroness of matchmakers. As wife or sister of the legendary emperor Fu Xi, she helped establish norms for marriage (that included go-betweens) and regulated conduct between the sexes. She is described as having a human head but the body of a snake (or fish).

  • nu metal (music)

    Nu metal, subgenre of heavy metal music. Nu metal and the related genre rap metal represented a fusion of heavy metal instrumentation and hip-hop conventions such as rapped lyrics and “turntabling.” Nu metal built on rap metal’s foundation of rock and rap collaboration, but it emphasized some of

  • Nu Mountains (mountains, China)

    Yunnan: Relief and drainage: …to east, the Gaoligong, the Nu, and the Yun. Branching farther out from the Yun Range are some secondary ranges—the Wuliang and the Ailao in the south-central area and the Wumeng in the northeast.

  • Nü shen (work by Guo Moruo)

    Guo Moruo: …later compiled into the anthology Nü shen (1921; “Goddess”). Its publication laid the first cornerstone for the development of new verse in China. In the same year, Guo, together with Cheng Fangwu, Yu Dafu, and Zhang Ziping, gave impetus to the establishment of the Creation Society, one of the most…

  • Nu, U (prime minister of Myanmar)

    U Nu, Burmese independence leader and prime minister of Myanmar (formerly Burma) from 1948 to 1958 and from 1960 to 1962. U Nu was educated at the University of Rangoon (Yangon), from which he received his B.A. degree in 1929. For some years headmaster of the National High School in Pantanaw, he

  • Nü-chen dynasty (China-Mongolia [1115-1234])

    Jin dynasty, (1115–1234), dynasty that ruled an empire formed by the Tungus Juchen (or Jurchen) tribes of Manchuria. The empire covered much of Inner Asia and all of present-day North China. Originally subjects of the Liao, an Inner Asian dynasty created in the 10th century by the Khitan tribes,

  • Nuadu (Celtic mythology)

    Nuadu, in Celtic mythology, king of the Tuatha Dé Danann, who lost his hand in the battle of Mag Tuired and with it his right to govern. Dian Cécht replaced the hand with a hand made of silver; he later received a functional human hand from Dian Cécht’s son Miach and was thereupon able to overthrow

  • Nuallain, Brian ó (Irish author)

    Flann O’Brien, Irish novelist, dramatist, and, as Myles na gCopaleen, a columnist for the Irish Times newspaper for 26 years. O’Brien was educated in Dublin and later became a civil servant while also pursuing his writing career. He is most celebrated for his unusual novel At Swim-Two-Birds, which,

  • nub yarn (fibre)

    yarn: …bouclé, characterized by projecting loops; nub yarn, with enlarged places, or nubs, produced by twisting one end of a yarn around another many times at one point; and chenille, a soft, lofty yarn with pile protruding on all sides. Textured yarns are synthetic filament yarns that are made bulky or…

  • Nuba (people)

    Nuba, inhabitants of the Nuba Hills in the Kordofan region of central-southern Sudan. This region is studded with rugged granite hills that rise sharply from a wide clay plain and vary considerably in size and content. The Nuba peoples live on or near the hills (the plains being mainly occupied by

  • Nuba Mountains (mountains, Sudan)

    Sudan: Relief: …group of which forms the Nuba Mountains (Jibāl Al-Nūbah). The western plain is composed primarily of Nubian sandstones, which form a dissected plateau region with flat-topped mesas and buttes. The volcanic highlands of the Marrah Mountains rise out of the Darfur Plateau farther west to elevations between approximately 3,000 and…

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