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  • United Press (news agency)

    United Press International: …upon the merger of the United Press (UP; 1907) with the International News Service (INS). UPI and its precursor agencies pioneered in some key areas of news coverage, including the wired transmission of news photographs in 1925.

  • United Press International (American news agency)

    United Press International (UPI), American-based news agency, one of the largest proprietary wire services in the world. It was created in 1958 upon the merger of the United Press (UP; 1907) with the International News Service (INS). UPI and its precursor agencies pioneered in some key areas of

  • United Progressive Alliance (political organization, India)

    India: Congress Party rule under Manmohan Singh: …a coalition known as the United Progressive Alliance (UPA). Congress leader Sonia Gandhi again opted not to take the premiership and instead recommended Manmohan Singh, a Sikh, for the post. The Congress made significant gains in the 2009 parliamentary elections, increasing its seat total in the Lok Sabha to 206;…

  • United Provinces (historical state, Europe)

    Dutch Republic, (1588–1795), state whose area comprised approximately that of the present Kingdom of the Netherlands and which achieved a position of world power in the 17th century. The republic consisted of the seven northern Netherlands provinces that won independence from Spain from 1568 to

  • United Provinces of āgra and Oudh (historical Indian state)

    Uttar Pradesh: The British period: …name was changed to the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (later shortened to the United Provinces).

  • United Provinces of Central America (historical federation, Central America)

    United Provinces of Central America, (1823–40), union of what are now the states of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. Since the 1520s these regions, along with the Mexican state of Chiapas, had composed the captaincy general of Guatemala, part of the viceroyalty of New S

  • United Provinces of the Centre of America (historical federation, Central America)

    United Provinces of Central America, (1823–40), union of what are now the states of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. Since the 1520s these regions, along with the Mexican state of Chiapas, had composed the captaincy general of Guatemala, part of the viceroyalty of New S

  • United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (historical state, Latin America)

    Buenos Aires: The independent capital: …was named capital of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. The more distant provinces of the former viceroyalty—Bolivia, Uruguay, and Paraguay—refused to become part of a new country dominated by the port city, however. For nearly 30 years, the provinces were held together by federalism, which meant…

  • United Red Army (militant organization)

    Japanese Red Army, militant Japanese organization that was formed in 1969 in the merger of two far-left factions. Beginning in 1970, the Red Army undertook several major terrorist operations, including the hijacking of several Japan Air Lines airplanes, a massacre at Tel Aviv’s Lod Airport (1972),

  • United Russia (political party, Russia)

    Russia: Political and economic reforms: …the list of the pro-Putin United Russia party in parliamentary elections. In December 2007 United Russia won more than three-fifths of the vote and 315 of the Duma’s 450 seats. Less than two weeks later, Putin anointed First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as his successor as president for the…

  • United Secession Church (Scottish church)

    United Presbyterian Church: …through the union of the United Secession Church and the Relief Church, which had developed from groups that left the Church of Scotland in the 18th century. The United Presbyterian Church, the Church of Scotland, and the Free Church of Scotland each claimed to represent the soundest traditions of Scottish…

  • United Self-Defense Groups of Colombia (paramilitary organization, Colombia)

    Colombia: The growth of drug trafficking and guerrilla warfare: …a national organization called the United Self-Defense Groups of Colombia (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia), who emblazoned their group’s initials (AUC) across their battle fatigues but typically wore ski masks to conceal their identities.

  • United Service Organizations for National Defense, Inc. (United States agency)

    United Service Organizations, Inc. (USO), private, nonprofit social-service agency first chartered on February 4, 1941, to provide social, welfare, and recreational services for members of the U.S. armed forces and their families. First proposed by Gen. George C. Marshall in 1940 to enhance the

  • United Service Organizations, Inc. (United States agency)

    United Service Organizations, Inc. (USO), private, nonprofit social-service agency first chartered on February 4, 1941, to provide social, welfare, and recreational services for members of the U.S. armed forces and their families. First proposed by Gen. George C. Marshall in 1940 to enhance the

  • United Services Automobile Association (American company)

    Eileen Collins: …joined the board of the United Services Automobile Association.

  • United Slavs, Society of (Russian revolutionary group)

    Russia: The Russian Empire: …group of Decembrists, however, the Society of United Slavs, believed in a federation of free Slav peoples, including some of those living under Austrian and Turkish rule. In 1845 this idea was put forward in a different form in the Brotherhood of SS. Cyril and Methodius, in Kiev. This group,…

  • United Socialist Party of Venezuela (political party, Venezuela)

    Movement of the Fifth Republic: …Chávez’s new political party, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela; PSUV), which was created by a merger of some of his coalition partners. The PSUV held its inaugural congress in January 2008.

  • United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (Protestant sect)

    Shaker, member of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, a celibate millenarian group that established communal settlements in the United States in the 18th century. Based on the revelations of Ann Lee and her vision of the heavenly kingdom to come, Shaker teaching emphasized

  • United Society of Christian Endeavor

    International Society of Christian Endeavor, interdenominational organization for Protestant youth in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. It was founded in 1881 by Francis Edward Clark, who served as president until 1927. Members of the society pledged to try to make some useful contribution t

  • United South African National Party (political party, South Africa)

    United Party (UP), one of the leading political parties of South Africa from its inception in 1934 until dissolution in 1977. It was the governing party from 1934 to 1948 and thereafter the official opposition party in Parliament. The United Party was a product of the political crisis brought about

  • United Southerners, League of (United States history)

    William Lowndes Yancey: …in the creation of the League of United Southerners. He delivered hundreds of speeches, trying to draw Southerners of all parties and persuasions into a movement backing his uncompromising proslavery states’ rights position.

  • United States

    United States, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the

  • United States (ocean liner)

    William Francis Gibbs: In 1952 the “United States” was launched. Built for speed, safety, and quick conversion to troop transport in case of war, the vessel incorporated many of Gibbs’s most advanced design concepts and set new speed records in transatlantic passenger service.

  • United States

    Radio and rock and roll needed each other, and it was their good fortune that they intersected at the exact moment when rock and roll was being born and radio was facing death. Radio had experienced a “Golden Age” since the 1930s, broadcasting popular swing bands and comedy, crime, and drama

  • United States Air Force Academy (academy, Colorado, United States)

    United States Air Force Academy, institution of higher education for the training of commissioned officers for the U.S. Air Force. It was created by act of Congress on April 1, 1954, formally opened on July 11, 1955, at temporary quarters at Lowry Air Force Base, Denver, Colo., and transferred to a

  • United States Air Force Memorial (memorial, Arlington, Virginia, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Virginia: The U.S. Air Force Memorial, dedicated in 2006, rises above the cemetery, with three skyward-reaching, stainless-steel curved spires reminiscent of the Air Force Thunderbird Jet contrails. The Pentagon, also located near the cemetery, was constructed during World War II to consolidate the military branches and to…

  • United States Air Force, The (United States military)

    The United States Air Force, one of the major components of the United States armed forces, with primary responsibility for air warfare, air defense, and the development of military space research. The Air Force also provides air services in coordination with the other military branches. U.S.

  • United States Amateur Championship (golf)

    United States Amateur Championship, golf tournament conducted annually in the United States from 1895 for male amateur golfers with handicaps of three or less. The field of 150 golfers is determined by 36-hole sectional qualifying rounds. The championship is conducted by the United States Golf

  • United States Army Acquisition Support Center (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC) is a DRU that oversees the conceptualization, development, and acquisition of military systems. The United States Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) maintains services and facilities for army personnel and their families.

  • United States Army Air Corps (United States military)

    Henry Harley Arnold: …as assistant chief of the Army Air Corps. When his superior, General Oscar Westover, was killed in a plane crash in 1938, Arnold succeeded him as chief. Anticipating the coming global conflict, Arnold strongly pressed for increased Air Corps appropriations and aid to the Allies, despite the hostility of isolationists…

  • United States Army Corps of Engineers (United States Army corps)

    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, combatant arm and a technical service of the United States Army. Alone among the armed services it engages in extensive civil as well as military activities. The army’s first engineer officers were appointed by George Washington in 1775, and in 1802 the Corps of

  • United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) is responsible for all criminal investigations that are conducted by the army, including those overseas. It operates a criminal intelligence element. The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a DRU responsible for both military engineering projects…

  • United States Army Forces Command (United States military)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) is an ACOM that supervises Active Army and Army Reserve troops in the continental United States. Headquartered at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, the command oversees the bulk of the army’s operational force. FORSCOM is also in charge of the…

  • United States Army Installation Management Command (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) maintains services and facilities for army personnel and their families.

  • United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) performs intelligence and security functions above the corps level. The Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) is an ASCC that controls the movement of freight, personal property, and passengers for the Department of Defense. Another duty…

  • United States Army Materiel Command (United States military)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) is an ACOM in charge of the equipment used by the army. Its responsibilities include development, procurement, storage, delivery, and maintenance.

  • United States Army Medical Command (United States military)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) is a DRU that provides health services for army personnel and supervises medical training and education. The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) performs intelligence and security functions above the corps level. The Military Surface Deployment and…

  • United States Army Military District of Washington (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW), which supports the activities of the army and of the Department of Defense, is the DRU primarily responsible for protecting the nation’s capital. Other duties include arranging state funerals and supervising military participation in ceremonies for foreign…

  • United States Army Signal Corps (United States military)

    Augusta: Army Signal Center and several Signal Corps schools, is located southwest of downtown; and the Savannah River Site, a federal nuclear-weapons facility, is about 15 miles (24 km) southeast in South Carolina. In 1995 voters approved a referendum consolidating the Augusta city and Richmond county governments. Inc. town, 1789; city,…

  • United States Army Special Forces (United States military)

    Green Berets, elite unit of the U.S. Army specializing in counterinsurgency. The Green Berets (whose berets can be colours other than green) came into being in 1952. They were active in the Vietnam War, and they have been sent to U.S.-supported governments around the world to help combat guerrilla

  • United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (United States Army)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) is a DRU responsible for testing and evaluation of military systems. The United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC) is a DRU that oversees the conceptualization, development, and acquisition of military systems. The United States Army Installation…

  • United States Army Topographic command (United States military)

    map: The rise of national surveys: …Service (Air Force), and the U.S. Army Topographic command.

  • United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (United States military)

    the United States Army: Administrative structure: The United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is an ACOM that directs combat training programs for forces of both the Active Army and the Army Reserve. It is headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia. The United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) is an ACOM in…

  • United States Army War College (educational institution, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, United States)

    war college: U.S. Army War College: The AWC, established at Washington Barracks (now Fort Lesley J. McNair) in Washington, D.C., in 1901, traces its roots to the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. Although the United States easily defeated the Spanish in that conflict, the war revealed weaknesses…

  • United States Army, the (United States military)

    The United States Army, major branch of the United States armed forces charged with the preservation of peace and security and the defense of the country. The army furnishes most of the ground forces in the U.S. military organization. In the early months of the American Revolution, the first

  • United States Auto Club (American racing organization)

    Indianapolis 500: …under the aegis of the United States Auto Club (USAC). A rival open-wheel racing series known as Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) was formed in 1979. By the mid-1990s CART had successfully replaced USAC as the leading power in IndyCar racing. In 1996 speedway owner Tony George formed the Indy…

  • United States Book Exchange

    library: Interlibrary lending: …was soon followed by the United States Book Exchange; both distributed lists of wants and offers to their member libraries.

  • United States Border Patrol (United States government agency)

    Guatemala: Moving toward peace: …percent) of detentions by the Border Patrol on the U.S.-Mexico border than any other nationality.

  • United States Bullion Depository (structure, Fort Knox, Kentucky, United States)

    Fort Knox: For maximum security, the U.S. Bullion Depository, a solid square bombproof structure with mechanical protective devices, was built there in 1936 to hold the bulk of the nation’s gold reserves. During World War II the gold vault was used as a repository for the original copy of the U.S.…

  • United States Bureau of Education (former bureau, United States)

    John Eaton, Jr.: Bureau of Education. Under his administration, the bureau grew from an insignificant office in the Department of the Interior to a well-staffed, highly influential repository of educational information drawn from all over the globe. When Eaton resigned in 1886 owing to poor health, the U.S.…

  • United States Bureau of Investigation (United States government agency)

    Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), principal investigative agency of the federal government of the United States. The bureau is responsible for conducting investigations in cases where federal laws may have been violated, unless another agency of the federal government has been specifically

  • United States Catholic Miscellany (American newspaper)

    John England: He founded the United States Catholic Miscellany, the first Roman Catholic newspaper in the United States, which continued publication until 1861. He began two schools: the Philosophical and Classical Seminary for boys and an academy, conducted by the Ursulines, for girls. For the care of the sick and…

  • United States Census Bureau (government agency)

    American frontier: The United States Census Bureau defined areas with lower population densities as “unsettled” and on this basis marked the frontier line on a series of maps for each decade. Thus, areas on the frontier were no longer the exclusive domain of explorers, missionaries, and trappers, but…

  • United States Children’s Bureau (United States federal agency)

    United States Children’s Bureau, U.S. federal agency established in 1912 to oversee and maintain national standards of child welfare. As early as 1900, reformers such as Lillian Wald and Florence Kelley began calling for a federal agency to help the many American children dying in infancy from

  • United States Claims Court (United States court)

    United States Court of Federal Claims, court established by act of Congress of October 1, 1982, to handle cases in which the United States or any of its branches, departments, or agencies is a defendant. The court has jurisdiction over money claims against the United States based on the U.S.

  • United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (United States survey)

    Benjamin Peirce: …a long association with the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Starting as director of longitude determinations, he eventually became superintendent of the survey (1867–74) and oversaw the production of the first geodetic map of the country independent of local surveys. Peirce also served, in 1863, as one of the 50…

  • United States Coast Guard (United States military)

    United States Coast Guard (USCG), military service within the U.S. armed forces that is charged with the enforcement of maritime laws. It consists of approximately 35,000 officers and enlisted personnel, in addition to civilians. It is under the jurisdiction of the Department of Homeland Security.

  • United States Coast Guard Academy (academy, New London, Connecticut, United States)

    United States Coast Guard Academy, institution of higher learning for the training of commissioned officers for the U.S. Coast Guard, founded by act of Congress in 1876. The academy since 1932 has occupied a 90-acre (36-hectare) site 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of New London, Conn., overlooking the

  • United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (United States commission)

    Spencer Fullerton Baird: …Congress established in 1871 the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, which he headed at the request of President Ulysses S. Grant. The commission made many studies on the distribution and behaviour of fishes, and its hatcheries increased the availability of fish for commercial use, introducing foreign species into the…

  • United States Commission on Civil Rights (American commission)

    Mary Frances Berry: …was a member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, serving as chairwoman from 1993 to 2004. She was also an outspoken advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment.

  • United States Committee on Public Information (United States agency)

    George Creel: …was appointed head of the U.S. Committee on Public Information, the government’s propaganda and publicity agency, by Pres. Woodrow Wilson. For the next two years he used modern public-relations techniques to promote the war effort, at home and abroad, and rallied popular support for the war effort with the “Four-Minute…

  • United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (Catholic organization)

    Wilton D. Gregory: …African American president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (2001–04).

  • United States Congress

    Congress of the United States, the legislature of the United States of America, established under the Constitution of 1789 and separated structurally from the executive and judicial branches of government. It consists of two houses: the Senate, in which each state, regardless of its size, is

  • United States Court of Appeals (United States court)

    United States Court of Appeals, any of 13 intermediate appellate courts within the United States federal judicial system, including 12 courts whose jurisdictions are geographically apportioned and the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, whose jurisdiction is subject-oriented and

  • United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (United States military court)

    United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, court created by the Congress of the United States in 1950 as the highest court for military personnel. It hears appeals of cases originally adjudicated in military tribunals, which are presided over by commissioned officers or military judges.

  • United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (United States court)

    United States Court of Appeals: The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, created by an act of Congress in 1982, hears appeals from U.S. district and territorial courts primarily in patent and trademark cases, though it also hears appeals in cases in which the United States or its agencies is…

  • United States Court of Federal Claims (United States court)

    United States Court of Federal Claims, court established by act of Congress of October 1, 1982, to handle cases in which the United States or any of its branches, departments, or agencies is a defendant. The court has jurisdiction over money claims against the United States based on the U.S.

  • United States Customary System (measurement)

    measurement system: The United States Customary System: In his first message to Congress in 1790, George Washington drew attention to the need for “uniformity in currency, weights and measures.” Currency was settled in a decimal form, but the vast inertia of the English weights and measures system permeating industry and…

  • United States District Court (United States court)

    United States District Court, in the United States, any of the basic trial-level courts of the federal judicial system. The courts, which exercise both criminal and civil jurisdiction, are based in 94 judicial districts throughout the United States. Each state has at least one judicial district, as

  • United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (United States federal district court)

    Patrick Fitzgerald: Department of Justice (Southern District of New York) as an assistant U.S. attorney in New York City. In that job, he pursued cases against drug dealers, Mafia leaders, and terrorists—including the indictment of Osama bin Laden in 1998 for the bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.…

  • United States Electoral College Votes by State

    Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, voters head to the polls to elect the president of the United States. The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college. The number of electors a state receives is

  • United States Embassy (building, Delhi, India)

    Edward Durell Stone: …of a resort hotel; the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi (1954); and the Nuclear Research Center, near Islāmābād, Pak. (1966). The embassy in New Delhi, with its lacy grilles and an inner water garden, fountains, and islands of plantings, was well received and led to many foreign commissions. His design…

  • United States expedition to Japan (1853)

    Matthew C. Perry: …commodore—in charge of a naval expedition to induce the Japanese government to establish diplomatic relations with the United States. After studying the situation, Perry concluded that Japan’s traditional policy of isolation would be altered only if superior naval forces were displayed and if Japanese officials were approached with a “resolute…

  • United States Federal Witness Protection Program (United States government)

    whistleblower: Legal protections: …the same personalized protection that witness-protection programs offer witnesses at risk of retaliation.

  • United States Figure Skating Association (American sports organization)

    figure skating: Regional and national: …competitions are sanctioned by the USFSA, and the participants and their coaches must be members of that organization. The Ice Skating Institute (ISI) also holds amateur competitions, but, unlike the USFSA, which is the organization for those with interest in Olympic-level or world-level competition, the ISI focuses on the recreational…

  • United States Film Service (film organization, United States)

    Pare Lorentz: Lorentz’ film unit became the United States Film Service in the late 1930s and was expanded to produce motion pictures and shorts for various government agencies. Lorentz directed The Fight for Life (1940), the compelling and starkly realistic story of the struggle of a young doctor against disease and death…

  • United States Football League (American sports organization)

    gridiron football: Showmanship on the field: …Football League (1974–75) and the United States Football League (1983–85)—and invested in the Arena Football League (an indoor version of the sport that was played on a shortened field during the NFL’s off-season from 1987 to 2008 and again from 2010 in a new incarnation) and expanded into Europe in…

  • United States Geodynamics Committee (organization, United States)

    Earth exploration: Conclusions about the deep Earth: In 1975 the U.S. Geodynamics Committee initiated a research program to explore the continental crust using seismic techniques developed by private industry for the purpose of locating petroleum accumulations in sedimentary rocks. Since then its investigations have been conducted in a number of locales throughout the United States.…

  • United States Geological Survey (geological organization, United States)

    Rocky Mountains: Study and exploration: …surveys were organized by the U.S. government following the American Civil War: the survey of the 40th parallel led by Clarence King (1867–78), the geologic survey of Nebraska and Wyoming led by Ferdinand Hayden (1867–78), the 100th-meridian survey led by George Wheeler (1872–79), and the expeditions to the Green and…

  • United States Golf Association (American sports organization)

    golf: The United States and Canada: …by these promotions that the United States Golf Association (USGA) was instituted in 1894. Its aims were to organize the U.S. Amateur and Open championships and to formulate a set of rules for the game. The founding fathers, two from each club, were from St. Andrew’s, Shinnecock Hills, Chicago, the…

  • United States Green Building Council (American organization)

    LEED? standards: …devised in 1994 by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC; founded 1993) to encourage sustainable practices design and development by means of tools and criteria for performance measurement. It is “a voluntary, consensus-based, market-driven building rating system based on existing proven technology.” The USGBC has established standards for new construction…

  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (museum, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, museum and memorial to the Holocaust, located in Washington, D.C., U.S. It was dedicated in 1993 to serve as the national Holocaust museum. The museum’s permanent exhibit, titled “The Holocaust,” is divided into three parts—“Nazi Assault,” “Final Solution,”

  • United States House of Representatives Seats by State

    The U.S. Congress consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each state elects two senators, while seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned by state according to population, with each state receiving a minimum of one representative. After each decennial

  • United States Housing Authority (United States history)

    United States: The culmination of the New Deal: The U.S. Housing Authority was created in 1937 to provide low-cost public housing. In 1938 the Fair Labor Standards Act established a minimum wage and a maximum work week. Otherwise, the president seldom got what he asked for.

  • United States I-IV (work by Anderson)

    Laurie Anderson: …a massive four-part multimedia extravaganza, United States I–IV. It combined music, photography, film, drawings, and animation with text and consisted of 78 segments organized into four sections: Transportation, Politics, Money, and Love. First performed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in 1983, it ran for more than six hours and…

  • United States Immigration Station at Angel Island (immigration facility, San Francisco Bay, California, United States)

    Angel Island Immigration Station, the principal immigration facility on the West Coast of the United States from 1910 to 1940. Angel Island encompasses an area of about 740 acres (300 hectares) and is located in San Francisco Bay, California, near Alcatraz Island and the Golden Gate Bridge, between

  • United States Industrial Alcohol (American company)

    Great Molasses Flood: …Distilling Company, a subsidiary of United States Industrial Alcohol (USIA). At the time, industrial alcohol—then made from fermented molasses—was highly profitable; it was used to make munitions and other weaponry for World War I (1914–18). The tank’s immense size reflected the demand: it measured more than 50 feet (15 metres)…

  • United States Information Agency (United States agency)

    Edward R. Murrow: …was appointed director of the U.S. Information Agency in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy.

  • United States law

    common law: The development of common law in the United States and other jurisdictions: The first English settlers on the Atlantic Seaboard of North America brought with them only elementary notions of law. Colonial charters conferred upon them the traditional legal privileges of English citizens, such as habeas corpus and the right to trial…

  • United States League (baseball)

    Branch Rickey: …of 1945, Rickey founded the United States League for black players, whom unwritten law excluded from organized baseball, and he was criticized for encouraging continued segregation in sports. There are no records indicating that the league ever played any games; however, it served as a front that allowed Rickey to…

  • United States Mail Steamship Company (American shipping company)

    ship: The Atlantic Ferry: One exception was the Collins Line, which in 1847 owned the four finest ships then afloat—the Arctic, Atlantic, Baltic, and Pacific—and in 1851 the Blue Riband (always a metaphorical rank rather than an actual trophy) given for the speediest crossing of the New York–Liverpool route passed from Cunard’s Acadia…

  • United States Marine Corps War Memorial (monument, Arlington, Virginia, United States)

    Marine Corps War Memorial, monument in Arlington county, Va., honouring the members of the United States Marine Corps who have served and died in defense of the United States since the founding of the Corps in 1775. The memorial is located near Arlington National Cemetery. It was designed by Horace

  • United States Marine Corps, The (United States military)

    The United States Marine Corps, separate military service within the U.S. Department of the Navy, charged with the provision of marine troops for seizure and defense of advanced bases and with conducting operations on land and in the air incident to naval campaigns. It is also responsible for

  • United States Merchant Marine Academy (academy, Kings Point, New York, United States)

    United States Merchant Marine Academy, institution of higher education that prepares cadets to serve as officers in the United States merchant marine. The U.S. Merchant Marine Corps was established in 1938; the academy, occupying 68 acres (27.5 hectares) at Kings Point on the north shore of Long

  • United States Military Academy (school, New York, United States)

    United States Military Academy, institution of higher education for the training of commissioned officers for the United States Army. It was originally founded as a school for the U.S. Corps of Engineers with a class of 5 officers and 10 cadets on March 16, 1802. It is one of the oldest service

  • United States Motor Corporation (American firm)

    automotive industry: General Motors: A similar combination, the United States Motor Corporation, was formed in 1910, collapsed in 1912, and was reorganized as the Maxwell Motor Company. General Motors survived. A new reorganization took place after Durant, with backing by E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, regained control in 1916. Durant, who…

  • United States National Arboretum (arboretum, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    United States National Arboretum, arboretum in Washington, D.C., operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service. The arboretum was established in 1927 by an act of Congress and occupies 446 acres (180 hectares) on the west bank of the Anacostia River. Among the more

  • United States National Guard (military organization, United States)

    U.S. National Guard, reserve group organized by the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force. Every state and territory of the United States has a National Guard, which can be called on by state governors during emergencies including riots and natural disasters. Guard units may also be ordered into active duty

  • United States Naval Academy (military academy, Annapolis, Maryland, United States)

    United States Naval Academy, institution of higher education conducted by the U.S. Department of the Navy and located at Annapolis, Md., for the purpose of preparing young men and women to enter the lowest commissioned ranks of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. The academy was founded as a Naval

  • United States Naval Observatory (observatory, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    United States Naval Observatory (USNO), in Washington, D.C., an official source, with the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST; formerly the National Bureau of Standards), for standard time in the United States. The positional measurement of celestial objects for purposes of

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