<var id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"></video></var>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"></strike></var>
<cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"></span></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"><listing id="79jxb"></listing></video></cite><cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem></span></cite><cite id="79jxb"><noframes id="79jxb"><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem><cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"><cite id="79jxb"></cite></span></cite><var id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"></video></var>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"><thead id="79jxb"></thead></strike></var>
<menuitem id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"></strike></menuitem><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"><thead id="79jxb"></thead></strike></var>
<cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"></span></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"></cite>
<var id="79jxb"></var>
<var id="79jxb"></var>
You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • Universal Federation of Pagans (religious organization)

    Wicca: Later developments: Two international fellowships, the Pagan Federation and the Universal Federation of Pagans, now serve the larger Wiccan/Neo-Pagan community.

  • Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (Protestant church)

    Metropolitan Community Churches (MCC), worldwide Protestant denomination founded in 1968 and focusing its outreach endeavors on persons who identify themselves as homosexual, bisexual, transgender, and queer Christians. Although most MCC members are LGBTQ, membership is open to all individuals

  • Universal Film Manufacturing Company (American motion-picture studio)

    Universal Studios, American motion-picture studio that was one of the leading producers of film serials in the 1920s and of popular horror films in the ’30s. Carl Laemmle, a film exhibitor turned producer, formed the company in 1912. In its early days it was a top producer of popular low-budget

  • universal flu vaccine (medicine)

    influenza: Treatment and prevention: …the development of a so-called universal influenza vaccine, capable of protecting individuals against a broad range of different influenza subtypes; the vaccine was scheduled for initial testing in clinical trials involving human subjects in 2019.

  • Universal Friends (religion)

    Jemima Wilkinson: …an unorthodox Christian sect, the Universal Friends, many of whose adherents declared her a messiah.

  • universal gas constant (chemistry and physics)

    Molar gas constant, (symbol R), fundamental physical constant arising in the formulation of the general gas law. For an ideal gas (approximated by most real gases that are not highly compressed or not near the point of liquefaction), the pressure p times the volume V of the gas divided by its

  • universal generalization (logic)

    formal logic: Axiomatization of LPC: The axiom schemata call for some explanation and comment. By an LPC substitution-instance of a wff of PC is meant any result of uniformly replacing every propositional variable in that wff by a wff of LPC. Thus, one LPC substitution-instance of (p ?…

  • Universal German Educational Institute (German history)

    education: Froebel and the kindergarten movement: …result in 1816 was the Universal German Educational Institute at Griesheim, transferred the following year to Keilhau, which constituted a kind of educational community for Froebel, his friends, and their wives and children. To this period belongs The Education of Man (1826), his most important treatise, though typical of his…

  • universal grammar (linguistics)

    Universal grammar, theory proposing that humans possess innate faculties related to the acquisition of language. The definition of universal grammar has evolved considerably since first it was postulated and, moreover, since the 1940s, when it became a specific object of modern linguistic research.

  • universal gravitation, law of

    Newton’s law of gravitation, statement that any particle of matter in the universe attracts any other with a force varying directly as the product of the masses and inversely as the square of the distance between them. In symbols, the magnitude of the attractive force F is equal to G (the

  • Universal Gym (exercise system)

    physical culture: Bodybuilding: …regular, Harold Zinkin, invented the Universal Gym in 1957. (Universal machines have weight stacks that allow quick changes in resistance and a system of cables and pulleys that restricts the motion of an exercise to a prescribed path.) A “muscles and movies” tradition went back to cowboy matinee idol Tom…

  • Universal Historical Bibliothèque (English periodical)

    history of publishing: Beginnings in the 17th century: …notes on books, and the Universal Historical Bibliothèque (January–March 1686). The latter invited scholarly contributions and could thus be regarded as the true forerunner of the literary review.

  • Universal History (English history)

    Tobias Smollett: …be called general editor of Universal History, a compilation of 58 volumes; Smollett himself wrote on France, Italy, and Germany. His friendship with the politician John Wilkes enabled him to secure the release of Francis Barber, Samuel Johnson’s black servant, from the press-gang. But a libel on Admiral Sir Charles…

  • universal history

    al-?abarī: Major works: …evolved as a theocentric (god-centred) universal history of prophecy culminating in the career of Muhammad and not as a continuum of tribal wars and values.

  • Universal History of Arts and Sciences, An (work by Co?tlogon)

    Encyclop?dia Britannica: First edition: …encyclopaedias—save for Denis de Co?tlogon’s An Universal History of Arts and Sciences (1745)—had not given systematic instruction on major subjects at all, either because they aimed at dealing with such subjects in a more general way (as in the Encyclopédie) or because articles on such subjects used their space chiefly…

  • Universal History of Infamy, A (work by Borges)

    Jorge Luis Borges: Life: …universal de la infamia (1935; A Universal History of Infamy). To earn his living, he took a major post in 1938 at a Buenos Aires library named for one of his ancestors. He remained there for nine unhappy years.

  • Universal House of Justice (Bahā?ī Faith)

    Bahā?ī Faith: Organization: …governing body known as the Universal House of Justice. This body applies the laws promulgated by Bahā? Allāh and legislates on matters not covered in the sacred texts. The seat of the Universal House of Justice is in Haifa, Israel, in the immediate vicinity of the shrines of the Bāb…

  • universal influenza vaccine (medicine)

    influenza: Treatment and prevention: …the development of a so-called universal influenza vaccine, capable of protecting individuals against a broad range of different influenza subtypes; the vaccine was scheduled for initial testing in clinical trials involving human subjects in 2019.

  • universal joint (mechanics)

    automobile: Axles: Universal joints within the spherical elements permit the axle shafts to move with the actions of the suspension springs. The gear housing is supported by a rear cross member of the chassis and moves with the sprung portion of the vehicle, as does the drive…

  • universal jurisdiction (international law)

    Baltasar Garzón: …the controversial legal principle of universal jurisdiction, whereby courts in one country may judge grave human rights crimes committed outside that country, regardless of the nationality of the accused. He later invoked universal jurisdiction in several other high-profile cases, including the indictments of several former Argentine officials, for human rights…

  • universal language (artificial language)

    history of logic: Leibniz: …devising what he called a “universally characteristic language” (lingua characteristica universalis) that would, first, notationally represent concepts by displaying the more basic concepts of which they were composed, and second, naturally represent (in the manner of graphs or pictures, “iconically”) the concept in a way that could be easily grasped…

  • universal law (logic)

    law of nature: …forms: (1) a law is universal if it states that some conditions, so far as are known, invariably are found together with certain other conditions; and (2) a law is probabilistic if it affirms that, on the average, a stated fraction of cases displaying a given condition will display a…

  • universal life insurance

    life insurance: Universal life insurance policies are distinguished by flexible premiums and adjustable levels of coverage. Although the coverage is permanent (it does not expire, as does term insurance), the value of the policy may vary according to the performance of the investments on which it is…

  • universal machine

    automata theory: The generalized automaton and Turing’s machine: …is what Turing called a “universal” machine capable of operating like any given Turing machine. For a given partial recursive function of a single argument, there is a corresponding integer, called the G?del number, that identifies the Turing machine capable of computing the given function. The G?del number and the…

  • Universal man (philosophical concept)

    Renaissance man, an ideal that developed in Renaissance Italy from the notion expressed by one of its most-accomplished representatives, Leon Battista Alberti (1404–72), that “a man can do all things if he will.” The ideal embodied the basic tenets of Renaissance humanism, which considered man the

  • Universal Men (album by Juluka)

    Johnny Clegg: In 1979 Juluka released Universal Men, an album that spoke to the divided lives of the migrant workers who reside and work in the city, separated from their families and homes. Stylistically, the album was a fusion of Zulu music and various European traditions. Later albums were similarly blended.…

  • Universal Migration Policy (Australia [1973])

    Australia: The advent of multicultural society: …Minister Gough Whitlam, implemented the Universal Migration Policy, heralding the beginning of a culturally diverse society. This radical change in policy allowed a person from any country to apply to migrate to Australia, without being discriminated against on the basis of ethnicity, gender, or religion. The policy focused on encouraging…

  • Universal Military Training and Service Act (United States [1917])

    Enoch Herbert Crowder: …officer and administrator of the Selective Service Act in World War I.

  • universal motor (electrical engineering)

    electric motor: Alternating-current commutator motors: A specially designed series-commutator motor may be operated from a single-phase alternating voltage supply. When the supply current reverses, both the magnetic field and the armature current are reversed. Thus, the torque remains in the same direction. These motors are often called…

  • universal negative proposition (logic)

    history of logic: Categorical forms: ” Universal negative: “Every β is not an α,” or equivalently “No β is an α.” Particular affirmative: “Some β is an α.” Particular negative: “Some β is not an α.” Indefinite affirmative: “β is an α.” Indefinite negative: “β is not an α.”

  • Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association and African Communities League

    Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), primarily in the United States, organization founded by Marcus Garvey, dedicated to racial pride, economic self-sufficiency, and the formation of an independent black nation in Africa. Though Garvey had founded the UNIA in Jamaica in 1914, its main

  • Universal Negro Improvement Association

    Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), primarily in the United States, organization founded by Marcus Garvey, dedicated to racial pride, economic self-sufficiency, and the formation of an independent black nation in Africa. Though Garvey had founded the UNIA in Jamaica in 1914, its main

  • Universal Orlando Resort (resort, Orlando, Florida, United States)

    Universal Studios: Universal Orlando Resort in Florida features the Universal Studios and Islands of Adventure theme parks. The latter includes the Wizarding World of Harry Potter, an attraction based on J.K. Rowling’s popular book series. Other Universal Studios theme parks are located in ōsaka, Japan, and in…

  • Universal Pictures (American motion-picture studio)

    Universal Studios, American motion-picture studio that was one of the leading producers of film serials in the 1920s and of popular horror films in the ’30s. Carl Laemmle, a film exhibitor turned producer, formed the company in 1912. In its early days it was a top producer of popular low-budget

  • Universal Postal Convention (international treaty, 1874)

    postal system: International postal reform: the Universal Postal Union: …basic treaty was renamed the Universal Postal Convention. The treaty provides a uniform framework of rules and procedures for the exchange of international mails. The union grew rapidly, increasing its membership to 55 within 10 years. By 1914, when China was admitted, it included almost all independent countries. The scope…

  • Universal Postal Union (international postal agency)

    Universal Postal Union (UPU), specialized agency of the United Nations that aims to organize and improve postal service throughout the world and to ensure international collaboration in this area. Among the principles governing its operation as set forth in the Universal Postal Convention and the

  • Universal Principles, School of (Chinese philosophy)

    Lu Jiuyuan: …the Learning of Principle (lixue), often called the Cheng-Zhu school after its leading philosophers, Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi.

  • universal product code (retailing)

    UPC, a standard machine-readable bar code used to identify products purchased in grocery and other retail stores. UPCs encode individual products at the stock keeping unit (SKU) level, allowing a manufacturer or retailer to track the number of units sold during a specified time period. This type of

  • universal proposition (logic)

    history of logic: Categorical forms: …another of the following forms:

  • universal quantifier (logic)

    foundations of mathematics: Set theoretic beginnings: … (?), negation (?), and the universal (?) and existential (?) quantifiers (formalized by the German mathematician Gottlob Frege [1848–1925]). (The modern notation owes more to the influence of the English logician Bertrand Russell [1872–1970] and the Italian mathematician Giuseppe Peano [1858–1932] than to that of Frege.) For an extensive discussion…

  • universal restoration (religion)

    Christianity: Fellow humans as the present Christ: …teaching of universal reconciliation (apokatastasis pantōn) has struck against opposition in all Christian confessions. This is connected with the fact that such a universalistic view easily leads to a disposition that regards redemption as a kind of natural process that no one can evade. Such an orientation can lead…

  • Universal Restoration, Exhibited in Four Dialogues Between a Minister and His Friend, The (book by Winchester)

    Elhanan Winchester: …London in 1793 and wrote The Universal Restoration, Exhibited in Four Dialogues Between a Minister and His Friend (1794). As a restorationist Universalist, he emphasized scriptural texts that affirmed the finite and remedial nature of punishment after death.

  • Universal Rule (yachting)

    rating rule: The Universal Rule, adopted in 1905 in the United States and later internationally, retained length and sail area as chief factors but also imposed penalties on overhangs, draft, freeboard, and other dimensions. It established letter classes, such as the J-Class that was used in the America’s…

  • universal serial bus (technology)

    USB, technology used to connect computers with peripherals, or input/output devices. First introduced in 1995, the USB standard was developed by a number of American companies, including IBM, Intel Corporation, and Microsoft Corporation, as a simpler way of connecting hardware to personal computers

  • universal set (mathematics)

    history of logic: Boole and De Morgan: The universal class or term—which he called simply “the Universe”—was represented by the numeral “1,” and the null class by “0.” The juxtaposition of terms (for example, “AB”) created a term referring to the intersection of two classes or terms. The addition sign signified the non-overlapping…

  • Universal Soldier (song by Sainte-Marie)

    Buffy Sainte-Marie: Early life and breakthrough: Her song “Universal Soldier” arose as an anti-Vietnam War anthem not only through her own performances but also through cover recordings and performances by Scottish singer-songwriter Donovan.

  • Universal Studio Music Department (American company department)
  • Universal Studios (American motion-picture studio)

    Universal Studios, American motion-picture studio that was one of the leading producers of film serials in the 1920s and of popular horror films in the ’30s. Carl Laemmle, a film exhibitor turned producer, formed the company in 1912. In its early days it was a top producer of popular low-budget

  • Universal Studios Hollywood (movie studio and theme park, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    Universal Studios: …to being a working studio, Universal Studios Hollywood includes rides and attractions and offers tours of various television and film sets. It was damaged by fires in 1990 and 2008; the latter destroyed two square blocks of the studio lot as well as its popular King Kong attraction. Universal Orlando…

  • universal succession (law)

    property law: Protection of the family against intentional disinheritance: …their heirs behave as if universal succession were in fact in place—i.e., the heirs divide the property among themselves and pay the creditors and the tax collector out of their own pockets. Similarly, there seems to be little pressure to change the amount of freedom of testation offered to many…

  • universal suffrage (government)

    suffrage: …modern governments have provided for universal adult suffrage. It is regarded as more than a privilege extended by the state to its citizenry, and it is rather thought of as an inalienable right that inheres to every adult citizen by virtue of citizenship. In democracies it is the primary means…

  • Universal Teaching Method (work by Jacotot)

    Jean-Joseph Jacotot: …unusually diverse experience, Jacotot wrote Enseignement universel (1823; “Universal Teaching Method”), in which he advanced an egalitarian view of humanity in such maxims as “All human beings are equally capable of learning” and “Everybody can be proficient in anything to which he turns his attention.” He also maintained that all…

  • Universal Time (chronology)

    Universal Time (UT), the mean solar time of the Greenwich meridian (0° longitude). Universal Time replaced the designation Greenwich Mean Time in 1928; it is now used to denote the solar time (q.v.) when an accuracy of about one second suffices. In 1955 the International Astronomical Union defined

  • Universal-International (American motion-picture studio)

    Universal Studios, American motion-picture studio that was one of the leading producers of film serials in the 1920s and of popular horror films in the ’30s. Carl Laemmle, a film exhibitor turned producer, formed the company in 1912. In its early days it was a top producer of popular low-budget

  • Universal-Lexicon (encyclopaedia by Zedler)

    Encyclop?dia Britannica: First edition: …volumes of Johann Heinrich Zedler’s Universal Lexicon or with the French Encyclopédie, whose 17 volumes of text had recently been completed. But it did challenge comparison with all previous dictionaries of arts and sciences, large or small, because of its new plan.

  • Universalia Euclidea (work by Sturm)

    history of logic: Other 18th-century logicians: …entered the literature in the Universalia Euclidea (1661) of Johann C. Sturm and were more frequently used by Johann C. Lange in 1712. (Vives had employed triangles for similar purposes in 1555.) Euler’s methods were systematically developed by the French mathematician Joseph-Diez Gergonne in 1816–17, although Gergonne retreated from two-dimensional…

  • Universalism (Christianity)

    Universalism, belief in the salvation of all souls. Although Universalism has appeared at various times in Christian history, most notably in the works of Origen of Alexandria in the 3rd century, as an organized movement it had its beginnings in the United States in the middle of the 18th century.

  • Universalist Church of America (American religious organization)

    John Murray: …theologian who founded the first Universalist congregation in the United States. At first a Methodist, Murray sought to refute the Welsh minister James Relly’s unorthodox teaching that Jesus Christ’s suffering and crucifixion brought salvation for all humanity. Instead he became convinced that Relly was right and began preaching universal salvation.…

  • universalistic religion

    Christianity: The relation of the early church to late Judaism: …concept of monotheism, with its universal ideal of salvation (for all nations), and the notion of God’s special choice of Israel. In the Hellenistic Age (323 bce–3rd century ce), the dispersion of the Jews throughout the kingdoms of the eastern Mediterranean and the Roman Empire reinforced this universalistic tendency. But…

  • universality principle (international law)

    international law: Jurisdiction: Finally, the universality principle allows for the assertion of jurisdiction in cases where the alleged crime may be prosecuted by all states (e.g., war crimes, crimes against the peace, crimes against humanity, slavery, and piracy).

  • universalizability (ethics)

    ethics: Universal prescriptivism: …moral judgments must be “universalizable.” This notion owed something to the ancient Golden Rule and even more to Kant’s first formulation of the categorical imperative. In Hare’s treatment, however, these ideas were refined so as to eliminate their obvious defects. Moreover, for Hare universalizability was not a substantive moral…

  • universally characteristic language

    history of logic: Leibniz: …a “universally characteristic language” (lingua characteristica universalis) that would, first, notationally represent concepts by displaying the more basic concepts of which they were composed, and second, naturally represent (in the manner of graphs or pictures, “iconically”) the concept in a way that could be easily grasped by readers, no…

  • Universalpoesie (literature)

    Adam Gottlob Oehlenschl?ger: …of what Friedrich Schlegel termed Universalpoesie, a universal, historical, comparative approach to literature. In 1805 he received a government grant to study and travel in Germany and other countries, where he visited Goethe and the leaders of the Romantic movement.

  • Universe (work by Calder)

    Willis Tower: Construction: …an enormous motorized mural named Universe, which he called a “wallmobile.” The tower’s observation deck, the Skydeck, is located on the 103rd floor. In the early 21st century the Skydeck underwent a major renovation that included addition of The Ledge, four glass boxes that extend 4.3 feet (1.3 metres) from…

  • universe (statistics)

    public opinion: The universe: The term universe is used to denote whatever body of people is being studied. Any segment of society, so long as it can be replicated, can represent a universe: elderly people, teenagers, institutional investors, editors, politicians, and so on. Effort must be made to…

  • universe (mathematics)

    history of logic: Boole and De Morgan: The universal class or term—which he called simply “the Universe”—was represented by the numeral “1,” and the null class by “0.” The juxtaposition of terms (for example, “AB”) created a term referring to the intersection of two classes or terms. The addition sign signified the non-overlapping…

  • universe (astronomy)

    Universe, the whole cosmic system of matter and energy of which Earth, and therefore the human race, is a part. Humanity has traveled a long road since societies imagined Earth, the Sun, and the Moon as the main objects of creation, with the rest of the universe being formed almost as an

  • Universe of Time, A (work by Farrell)

    James T. Farrell: …to be a 25-volume cycle, A Universe of Time, of which he completed 10 volumes. His complete works include 25 novels and 17 collections of short stories. Among his works of nonfiction are A Note on Literary Criticism (1936), a discussion of Marxist literature, and Reflections at Fifty (1954), personal…

  • Universel Temps Coordonné

    Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), international basis of civil and scientific time, which was introduced on January 1, 1960. The unit of UTC is the atomic second, and UTC is widely broadcast by radio signals. These signals ultimately furnish the basis for the setting of all public and private

  • Universidad (Colombian periodical)

    Germán Arciniegas: …and magazines, founding the review Universidad (“University”) in Bogotá in 1928 and becoming director of the newspaper El tiempo (“The Times”) there in 1939; he contributed to the latter until his death. Also active in education, Arciniegas served as Colombian minister of education (1941–42 and 1945–46) and taught at several…

  • Universidad de Salamanca (university, Salamanca, Spain)

    University of Salamanca, state institution of higher learning at Salamanca, Spain. It was founded in 1218 under Alfonso IX, but its real beginnings date from 1254, when, under Alfonso X, grandson of the founder, three chairs in canon law and one each in grammar, arts, and physics were established.

  • Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (university, Salamanca, Spain)

    Salamanca: …seminary (1617–1755) is now the Pontifical University, most of whose students are priests or seminarians; the Jesuits still officiate in its Church of La Clerecía. Also notable are the Italian-style church of the convent of the Augustinians (1636–87), containing a painting of the Immaculate Conception by José de Ribera; the…

  • Universidade de Coimbra (university, Portugal)

    Coimbra: …settled at Coimbra as the Universidade de Coimbra in 1537. Its chapel has a magnificently carved door (1517–22) and a richly decorated Baroque library (1716–23), which has 1,000,000 volumes and 3,000 manuscripts, among them a first edition of Luís de Cam?es’s epic Os Lusíadas (1572; “The Portuguese”). In the early…

  • Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi (university, Milan, Italy)

    Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara: …of Economics building at the Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi in Milan, their first commission outside of Ireland. When the building was completed in 2008, it was named the World Building of the Year at the inaugural World Architectural Festival. Indeed, the geometric structure is a masterpiece of gray stone, glass,…

  • Università degli Studi di Perugia (university, Perugia, Italy)

    University of Perugia, coeducational state institution of higher learning at Perugia, Italy. The university was founded in 1200 by a group of students seceding from the University of Bologna. It was recognized by Pope Clement V in 1308 as a studium generale, a place of study accepting scholars from

  • Università Degli Studi di Salerno (university, Salerno, Italy)

    University of Salerno, institution of higher learning in Salerno, Italy. Much of the historic interest of the university derives from an antecedent medical school in Salerno that was the earliest and one of the greatest medical schools of the Middle Ages. In fact, some scholars have called this

  • Università degli Studi di Siena (university, Siena, Italy)

    University of Siena, coeducational autonomous state institution of higher learning at Siena, in central Italy. Like many other Italian universities, Siena was founded (1240) as a result of a 13th-century migration of students from the University of Bologna, which it emulated as a studium generale,

  • universitas (medieval community)

    history of the Low Countries: Town opposition to the prince: …the Low Countries became a communitas (sometimes called corporatio or universitas)—a community that was legally a corporate body, could enter into alliances and ratify them with its own seal, could sometimes even make commercial or military contracts with other towns, and could negotiate directly with the prince. Land within the…

  • Universit?t Hamburg (university, Hamburg, Germany)

    Hamburg: Education: The Universit?t Hamburg, founded in 1919, is one of the largest in Germany, with some 46,000 students and faculties covering virtually every discipline except certain technological subjects. A second university, the Technische Universit?t Hamburg-Harburg, began classes in 1982. Hamburg also has state schools for music and…

  • Université de Nantes (university, Nantes, France)

    University of Nantes, autonomous, state-financed coeducational institution of higher learning at Nantes, in western France. Founded in 1970 under the 1968 law reforming French higher education, the university replaced the former University of Nantes founded in 1962, which in turn had its origins in

  • Université de Poitiers (university, Poitiers, France)

    University of Poitiers, coeducational, autonomous state institution of higher learning in Poitiers, Fr. Founded in 1970 under a law of 1968 reforming higher education, it replaced a university founded in 1431 by a Papal Bull of Eugene IV and confirmed by Charles VII in 1432. The university was

  • Université Laval (university, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada)

    Laval University, a French-language university located on the outskirts of the city of Quebec. Laval’s predecessor institution, the Seminary of Quebec, considered the first Canadian institution of higher learning, was founded by Fran?ois de Montmorency Laval, first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec,

  • Universiteit Utrecht (university, Utrecht, Netherlands)

    Utrecht University, state-supported coeducational institution of higher learning founded in 1636 at Utrecht, in the Netherlands. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Utrecht attracted many foreign students, especially from England and Scotland. James Boswell, Samuel Johnson’s biographer, studied law at

  • Universiteit van Pretoria (university, Pretoria, South Africa)

    University of Pretoria, state-supported coeducational institution of higher learning at Pretoria, South Africa. It was founded in 1908, when the arts and science courses of Transvaal University College in Johannesburg were transferred to Pretoria. In 1910 the two institutions were separated, the

  • Universités de Aix-Marseille I, II, et III (university, Marseille, France)

    Aix-Marseille University, coeducational, state-financed, autonomous institution of higher learning founded under France’s 1968 Orientation Act, reforming higher education. The institution developed out of the original University of Provence, founded in 1409 as a studium generale by Louis II of

  • Universités de Bordeaux I, II, et III (university, Bordeaux, France)

    Universities of Bordeaux I, II, and III, coeducational, autonomous, state-financed institutions of higher learning at Bordeaux, France. The three universities were established in 1970 under the 1968 Orientation Act, reforming French education, to replace the original University of Bordeaux, which

  • Universités de Paris I à XIII (universities, France)

    Universities of Paris I–XIII, universities founded in 1970 under France’s 1968 Orientation Act, reforming higher education. They replaced the former University of Paris, one of the archetypal European universities, founded about 1170. The medieval University of Paris grew out of the cathedral

  • Universités de Toulouse I, II, et III (university, Toulouse, France)

    Universities of Toulouse I, II, and III, three autonomous coeducational state institutions of higher learning founded at Toulouse, Fr., in 1970 under the 1968 law reforming higher education, to replace the former University of Toulouse founded in 1229: the University of Social Sciences,

  • Universitet druzhby narodov imeni Patrisa Lumumby (university, Moscow, Russia)

    Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), state institution of higher learning in Moscow, founded in 1960 as Peoples’ Friendship University “to give an education to people who had liberated themselves from colonialist oppression.” It was renamed Patrice Lumumba Peoples’ Friendship University

  • Universities for Research in Astronomy, Association of (American association)

    Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), consortium of U.S. universities that directs the operations of federally funded astronomical research centres. AURA was incorporated in 1957 with seven member institutions; more than 50 years later, 34 U.S. universities and seven foreign

  • Universities Research Association (international organization)

    Tevatron: Department of Energy by the Universities Research Association, a consortium of 85 research universities in the United States and four universities representing Canada, Italy, and Japan. The Tevatron was the world’s highest-energy particle accelerator until 2009, when it was supplanted by the Large Hadron Collider of the European Organization for…

  • Universities Tests Act (United Kingdom [1871])

    Catholic Emancipation: With the Universities Tests Act of 1871, which opened the universities to Roman Catholics, Catholic Emancipation in the United Kingdom was virtually complete.

  • university

    University, institution of higher education, usually comprising a college of liberal arts and sciences and graduate and professional schools and having the authority to confer degrees in various fields of study. A university differs from a college in that it is usually larger, has a broader

  • University Act (1920, Myanmar)

    Myanmar: The emergence of nationalism: …a full university by the University Act. However, because the accompanying changes in the school’s administration and curriculum were viewed as elitist and exclusionary of the Burmese population, its students went on strike. Younger schoolchildren followed suit, and the general public and the Buddhist clergy gave full support to the…

  • university adult education

    University extension, division of an institution of higher learning that conducts educational activities for persons (usually adults) who are generally not full-time students. These activities are sometimes called extramural studies, continuing education, higher adult education, or university

  • University Cheikh Anta Diop (university, Dakar, Senegal)

    Senegal: Education: …was changed in 1987 to University Cheikh Anta Diop to honour a Senegalese scholar and politician. Following disturbances in 1968, Senegal concluded an agreement with France that emphasized a more African-based curriculum. The College of Sciences and Veterinary Medicine for French-speaking Africa is also located in Dakar, and a polytechnic…

  • University Church (church, Salzburg, Austria)

    Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach: Early career in Italy and Austria.: …almost geometric forms of the Kollegienkirche (University Church) surmounted by the undulating forms of its towers crown the university complex, providing a new architectural and symbolic accent to a city dominated by its massive cathedral, as Salzburg had been. Fischer also designed a new facade for the archbishop’s stables and…

  • University College (college, University of Oxford, England, United Kingdom)

    University of Oxford: The earliest of these colleges, University College, was founded in 1249. Balliol College was founded about 1263, and Merton College in 1264.

  • University College (university, Bristol, England, United Kingdom)

    Bristol: The contemporary city: The University of Bristol, founded as University College in 1876, was established in 1909.

  • University College (university, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

    Dar es Salaam: Educational facilities include the University of Dar es Salaam (1961), several libraries and research institutes, and the National Museum. Dar es Salaam’s natural, nearly landlocked harbour is the outlet for most of mainland Tanzania’s agricultural and mineral exports and in addition serves the nearby land-locked countries of Uganda, Rwanda,…

Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
91国产福利在线观看