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  • Washington, Kenneth S. (American football player)

    Kenny Washington, one of the first African American college gridiron football stars on the West Coast and one of two black players to reintegrate the National Football League (NFL) in 1946. Washington was a single-wing tailback at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), from 1937 through

  • Washington, Kenny (American football player)

    Kenny Washington, one of the first African American college gridiron football stars on the West Coast and one of two black players to reintegrate the National Football League (NFL) in 1946. Washington was a single-wing tailback at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), from 1937 through

  • Washington, Kerry (American actress)

    Anita Hill: In 2016 Kerry Washington portrayed Hill in the HBO TV movie Confirmation.

  • Washington, Madison (American slave revolt leader)

    slave rebellions: …fact—the leader of the uprising, Madison Washington, was a formerly enslaved man who had escaped successfully and fled to Canada. He had returned to Virginia for his wife but was recaptured there and put on a slave ship in Richmond. Aboard the Creole, Washington and nearly 20 others led a…

  • Washington, Martha (American first lady)

    Martha Washington, American first lady (1789–97), the wife of George Washington, first president of the United States and commander in chief of the colonial armies during the American Revolutionary War. She set many of the standards and customs for the proper behaviour and treatment of the

  • Washington, Mount (mountain, New Hampshire, United States)

    Mount Washington, mountain in the Presidential Range, the highest (6,288 feet [1,917 metres]) peak of the White Mountains, New Hampshire, U.S. The peak is 23 miles (37 km) north-northwest of Conway. It is noted for its extreme weather conditions, one of the world’s highest wind velocities (231

  • Washington, Ned (American lyricist and composer)
  • Washington, Treaty of (United States [1871])

    Hamilton Fish: …the conference that drafted the Treaty of Washington (May 1871), providing for the first major international arbitration of modern history.

  • Washington, University of (university, Seattle, Washington, United States)

    University of Washington, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Seattle, Washington, U.S. It includes colleges of architecture and urban planning, arts and sciences, education, engineering, forest resources, and ocean and fishery sciences; schools of business administration,

  • Washington-on-the-Brazos (historical site, Texas, United States)

    Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historical Site, historic locality occupying nearly 300 acres (120 hectares) along the Brazos River, some 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Houston, in Washington county, Texas, U.S. Originating in 1821 as a ferry crossing, Washington-on-the-Brazos (also called

  • Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historical Site (historical site, Texas, United States)

    Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historical Site, historic locality occupying nearly 300 acres (120 hectares) along the Brazos River, some 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Houston, in Washington county, Texas, U.S. Originating in 1821 as a ferry crossing, Washington-on-the-Brazos (also called

  • Washingtonia (plant genus)

    palm: Ecology: …water is present (doum palm, Washingtonia, coconut palm), or in open savanna, grassland, or gallery forest, or restricted to such special habitats as limestone outcrops (Maxburretia rupicola), serpentine soils (Gulubia hombronii), or river margins (Astrocaryum jauari, Leopoldinia pulchra) where competition is limited.

  • Washita River (river, Oklahoma-Texas, United States)

    Washita River, river rising in the Texas Panhandle, northwestern Texas, U.S. It flows east across the Oklahoma boundary, then southeast to south-central Oklahoma, and south into Lake Texoma, formed by Denison Dam in the Red River, downstream from the former mouth of the Washita at Woodville,

  • Washita River (river, Arkansas-Louisiana, United States)

    Ouachita River, river rising in the Ouachita Mountains of west-central Arkansas, U.S., and flowing in a generally southeasterly direction to join the Red River in Louisiana after a course of 605 miles (973 km). The lower 57 miles (92 km) of the Ouachita (from its confluence with the Tensas River)

  • Washita, Battle of the (United States history)

    George Armstrong Custer: America’s top Indian fighter: …Black Kettle’s village on the Washita River. (Black Kettle and his people had already been the target of a controversial surprise attack by the army in 1864 known as the Sand Creek Massacre.) This somewhat dubious success—the majority of the Indians are thought to have been women, children, and older…

  • Washkansky, Louis (South African grocer)

    Christiaan Barnard: …in replacing the heart of Louis Washkansky, an incurably ill South African grocer, with a heart taken from a fatally injured accident victim. Although the transplant itself was successful, Washkansky died 18 days later from double pneumonia, contracted after destruction of his body’s immunity mechanism by drugs administered to suppress…

  • Washkar (Inca chieftain)

    Huascar, Inca chieftain, legitimate heir to the Inca empire, who lost his inheritance and his life in rivalry with his younger half brother Atahuallpa, who in turn was defeated and executed by the Spanish conquerors under Francisco Pizarro. Huascar succeeded his father in 1525 but was given only p

  • Washo language

    Great Basin Indian: Language: The Washoe, whose territory centred on Lake Tahoe, spoke a Hokan language related to those spoken in parts of what are now California, Arizona, and Baja California, Mex. The remainder of the Great Basin was occupied by speakers of Numic languages. Numic, formerly called Plateau Shoshonean,…

  • Washoe (people)

    Washoe, North American Indian people of the Great Basin region who made their home around Lake Tahoe in what is now California, U.S. Their peak numerical strength before contact with settlers may have been 1,500. Linguistically isolated from the other Great Basin Indians, they spoke a language of

  • Washoe (chimpanzee)

    animal learning: Language learning: Washoe, a female chimpanzee trained by Beatrice and Allan Gardner, learned to use well over 150 signs. Some apparently were used as nouns, standing for people and objects in her daily life, such as the names of her trainers, various kinds of food and drink,…

  • Washoe language

    Great Basin Indian: Language: The Washoe, whose territory centred on Lake Tahoe, spoke a Hokan language related to those spoken in parts of what are now California, Arizona, and Baja California, Mex. The remainder of the Great Basin was occupied by speakers of Numic languages. Numic, formerly called Plateau Shoshonean,…

  • Washshuganni (ancient city, Mesopotamia, Asia)

    Wassukkani, capital of the Mitannian empire (c. 1500–c. 1340 bc), possibly located near the head of the Khabur River in northern Mesopotamia. Wassukkani was for many years the centre of a powerful threat to the Hittite empire, but it was finally plundered about 1355 by the Hittites under

  • washstand (furniture)

    Washstand, from the beginning of the 19th century until well into the 20th, an essential piece of bedroom furniture. The washstand consisted of a wooden structure of varying shape and complexity intended to accommodate a large basin, a pitcher, a toothbrush jar, and various other toilet

  • Wā?il ibn ?A?ā? (Muslim theologian)

    Wā?il ibn ?A?ā?, Muslim theologian considered the founder of the Mu?tazilah sect. As a young man Wā?il went to Basra, Iraq, where he studied under the celebrated ascetic ?asan al-Ba?rī and met other influential religious figures who lived there. In Wā?il’s time there began the discussions that led

  • Wā?il ibn ?A?ā? al-Ghazzāl (Muslim theologian)

    Wā?il ibn ?A?ā?, Muslim theologian considered the founder of the Mu?tazilah sect. As a young man Wā?il went to Basra, Iraq, where he studied under the celebrated ascetic ?asan al-Ba?rī and met other influential religious figures who lived there. In Wā?il’s time there began the discussions that led

  • Wasīlah al-adabiyyah ilā al-?ulūm al-?Arabiyyah, Al- (work by Mar?afī)

    Arabic literature: Compilations and manuals: …by the late 19th-century work Al-Wasīlah al-adabiyyah ilā al-?ulūm al-?Arabiyyah (“The Literary Method for the Arabic Sciences”), in which the Egyptian scholar ?usayn al-Mar?afī returned to the classical heritage (and particularly to al-?Askarī’s Kitāb al-?inā?atayn) in order to provide a study of prosody, the syntactic function of words, and the…

  • Wasi?owska, Marja (Polish author)

    Maria Konopnicka, author of short stories and one of the representative Positivist poets in Polish literature. (The Positivists espoused a system of philosophy emphasizing in particular the achievements of science.) Konopnicka, a lawyer’s daughter, rebelled against her landowner husband, who was

  • Wasim Hasan Raja (Pakistani cricketer)

    Wasim Hasan Raja, Pakistani cricketer (born July 3, 1952, Multan, Pak.—died Aug. 23, 2006, Marlow, near High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.), was a dashing all-rounder who played his best against the toughest opponent of his day, the West Indies. Wasim made his first-class debut for Lahore at ag

  • Wāsi? (medieval city, Iraq)

    Wāsi?, (Arabic: “medial”) military and commercial city of medieval Iraq, especially important during the Umayyad caliphate (661–750). Wāsi? was established as a military encampment in 702 on the Tigris River, between Basra and Kūfah, by al-?ajjāj, the Umayyad governor of Iraq. He built a palace and

  • Waskaganish (Quebec, Canada)

    Waskaganish, village and trading post in Nord-du-Québec region, western Quebec province, Canada, on James Bay, at the mouth of the Rupert River. It was founded in 1668 as the first Hudson’s Bay Company post by the Médart Chouart, sieur de Groseilliers; it was at first called Fort-Charles (or

  • Wasmeier, Markus (German skier)

    Lillehammer 1994 Olympic Winter Games: In the Alpine skiing events Markus Wasmeier (Germany) was the male standout, winning the giant slalom and the supergiant slalom. Vreni Schneider (Switzerland) won the slalom, becoming the first female Alpine skier to win three Olympic gold medals. She also won a silver and a bronze medal at Lillehammer. Canadian…

  • Wasmosy Monti, Juan Carlos María (president of Paraguay)

    Juan Carlos Wasmosy, Paraguayan civil engineer and businessman who served as president of Paraguay (1993–98). He was the country’s first civilian president in 39 years. Wasmosy was trained as a civil engineer at the National University of Asunción. A leading cotton exporter, cattle rancher, and

  • Wasmosy, Juan Carlos (president of Paraguay)

    Juan Carlos Wasmosy, Paraguayan civil engineer and businessman who served as president of Paraguay (1993–98). He was the country’s first civilian president in 39 years. Wasmosy was trained as a civil engineer at the National University of Asunción. A leading cotton exporter, cattle rancher, and

  • wasp (insect)

    Wasp, any member of a group of insects in the order Hymenoptera, suborder Apocrita, some of which are stinging. Wasps are distinguished from the ants and bees of Apocrita by various behavioral and physical characteristics, particularly their possession of a slender, smooth body and legs with

  • WASP (United States Army Air Forces program)

    Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP), U.S. Army Air Forces program that tasked some 1,100 civilian women with noncombat military flight duties during World War II. The Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) were the first women to fly U.S. military aircraft. WASP had its origins with a pair of

  • wasp beetle (insect)

    coleopteran: Protection: …resemble ants, and the common wasp beetle of Europe (Clytus arietis) closely resembles a wasp in both its movements and coloration.

  • wasp flower

    pollination: Wasps: These insects prefer brownish-purple flowers with easily accessible nectar, such as those of figwort. The flowers of some Mediterranean and Australian orchids mimic the females of certain wasps (of the families Scoliidae and Ichneumonidae) so successfully that the males of these species attempt copulation and receive the pollen masses…

  • wasp moth (insect)

    Clearwing moth, (family Sesiidae), any of approximately 1,000 species of moths (order Lepidoptera) that are long-legged with a slender, dark body with bright red or yellow markings. The wings frequently lack scales and are transparent. Unlike those of other moths, the front and back wings are

  • Wasp Network (film by Assayas [2019])

    Penélope Cruz: In Wasp Network (2019), Cruz played the unsuspecting wife of a Cuban pilot secretly working against Cuba’s government.

  • Wasp, the (fictional character)

    Ant-Man and the Wasp: 27 (January 1962), and the Wasp first appeared in Tales to Astonish no. 44 (June 1963).

  • waspie (clothing)

    corset: By the 1950s the guêpière, also known as a bustier or waspie, became fashionable.

  • Wasps (play by Aristophanes)

    Wasps, comedy by Aristophanes, produced in 422 bce. Wasps satirizes the litigiousness of the Athenians, who are represented by the mean and waspish old man Philocleon (“Love-Cleon”), who has a passion for serving on juries. In the play, Philocleon’s son, Bdelycleon (“Loathe-Cleon”), arranges for

  • wassail bowl (tableware)

    Wassail bowl, vessel generally made of wood and often mounted in silver, used on ceremonial occasions for drinking toasts. The word wassail derives from Old Norse ves heill, meaning “be well, and in good health.” The name has come to be generally applied to any bowl from which a toast is drunk, as

  • Wassenhove, Joos van (Netherlandish painter)

    Justus of Ghent, Netherlandish painter who has been identified with Joos van Wassenhove, a master of the painters’ guild at Antwerp in 1460 and at Ghent in 1464. In Justus’s earliest known painting, the Crucifixion triptych (c. 1465), the attenuated, angular figures and the barren landscape

  • Wasser Mountain (mountain, Germany)

    Wasser Mountain, mountain, southeast Hesse Land (state), central Germany, lying just north of Obernhausen and Gersfeld. It is the highest peak (3,117 feet [950 metres]) of the Rh?n Mountains, the focal point of the Hessische Rh?n Nature Park. The Fulda River rises on its slopes. The area is known

  • Wasser Peak (mountain, Germany)

    Wasser Mountain, mountain, southeast Hesse Land (state), central Germany, lying just north of Obernhausen and Gersfeld. It is the highest peak (3,117 feet [950 metres]) of the Rh?n Mountains, the focal point of the Hessische Rh?n Nature Park. The Fulda River rises on its slopes. The area is known

  • Wasseralfingen (Germany)

    Aalen: …1975 the adjoining city of Wasseralfingen was annexed to Aalen, enlarging it by nearly a third. A communications centre, Aalen also has machinery, optics, textile, and paper industries. Pop. (2005) 67,066.

  • Wasserfall (missile)

    Wernher von Braun: Early life: …and the supersonic antiaircraft missile Wasserfall were developed. The A-4 was designated by the Propaganda Ministry as V-2, meaning “Vengeance Weapon 2.” By 1944 the level of technology of the rockets and missiles being tested at Peenemünde was many years ahead of that available in any other country.

  • Wasserf?lle von Slunj, Die (work by Doderer)

    Heimito von Doderer: Die Wasserf?lle von Slunj (1963; The Waterfalls of Slunj) was the first novel in an intended tetralogy spanning life in Vienna from 1880 to 1960 and collectively entitled Roman Nr. 7 (“Novel No. 7”). The second volume, Der Grenzwald (“The Frontier Forest”), unfinished, appeared posthumously in 1967.

  • Wasserkuppe (mountain, Germany)

    Wasser Mountain, mountain, southeast Hesse Land (state), central Germany, lying just north of Obernhausen and Gersfeld. It is the highest peak (3,117 feet [950 metres]) of the Rh?n Mountains, the focal point of the Hessische Rh?n Nature Park. The Fulda River rises on its slopes. The area is known

  • Wasserman Schultz, Debbie (American politician)

    cybercrime: Spam, steganography, and e-mail hacking: DNC chairperson Debbie Wasserman Schultz resigned, and some American commentators speculated that the release of the e-mail showed the preference of the Russian government for Republican nominee Donald Trump.

  • Wasserman, Al (American filmmaker)

    Al Wasserman, American filmmaker (born Feb. 9, 1921, Bronx, N.Y.—died March 31, 2005, New York, N.Y.), produced award-winning television and film documentaries that examined topics ranging from civil rights to travel by rail. As a writer for First Steps, a documentary featuring disabled children u

  • Wasserman, Albert (American filmmaker)

    Al Wasserman, American filmmaker (born Feb. 9, 1921, Bronx, N.Y.—died March 31, 2005, New York, N.Y.), produced award-winning television and film documentaries that examined topics ranging from civil rights to travel by rail. As a writer for First Steps, a documentary featuring disabled children u

  • Wasserman, Dale (American playwright)

    Dale Wasserman, American playwright (born Nov. 2, 1914, Rhinelander, Wis.—died Dec. 21, 2008, Paradise Valley, Ariz.), wrote the scripts for two Broadway hits of the 1960s—One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, adapted from Ken Kesey’s best-selling novel, and Man of La Mancha, which in 1966 won the Tony

  • Wasserman, Lew (American film executive)

    Lewis Robert Wasserman, (“Lew”), American film and record company executive (born March 15, 1913, Cleveland, Ohio—died June 3, 2002, Beverly Hills, Calif.), exerted enormous power and influence in the entertainment industry for more than four decades and was said to have been the last of the m

  • Wasserman, Lewis Robert (American film executive)

    Lewis Robert Wasserman, (“Lew”), American film and record company executive (born March 15, 1913, Cleveland, Ohio—died June 3, 2002, Beverly Hills, Calif.), exerted enormous power and influence in the entertainment industry for more than four decades and was said to have been the last of the m

  • Wassermann test (medicine)

    preventive medicine: …typhoid fever (1896) and the Wassermann test for syphilis (1906). An understanding of the principles of immunity led to the development of active immunization to specific diseases. Parallel advances in treatment opened other doors for prevention—in diphtheria by antitoxin and in syphilis by arsphenamine. In 1932 the sulfonamide drugs and…

  • Wassermann, August von (German bacteriologist)

    August von Wassermann, German bacteriologist whose discovery of a universal blood-serum test for syphilis helped extend the basic tenets of immunology to diagnosis. “The Wassermann reaction,” in combination with other diagnostic procedures, is still employed as a reliable indicator for the disease.

  • Wassermann, Jakob (German author)

    Jakob Wassermann, German novelist known for his moral fervour and tendency toward sensationalism; his popularity was greatest in the 1920s and ’30s. Early in his career Wassermann, whose father was a merchant, wrote for the satirical weekly Simplicissmus in Munich. He later moved to Vienna before

  • Wasserstein, Bruce (American financier)

    Bruce Wasserstein, American financier (born Dec. 25, 1947, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died Oct. 14, 2009, New York, N.Y.), who played a pivotal role in some of the largest corporate acquisitions of the 1980s and 1990s (he was involved in some 1,000 deals) and was renowned for his aggressive tactics, which were

  • Wasserstein, Wendy (American playwright)

    Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright whose work probes, with humour and sensibility, the predicament facing educated women who came of age in the second half of the 20th century. Her drama The Heidi Chronicles (1988) was awarded both a Pulitzer Prize and a Tony Award in 1989. Wasserstein was

  • Wassertr?ger, Der (work by Cherubini)

    Luigi Cherubini: …theme: Les Deux Journées (1800; The Two Days, also known as The Water Carrier from its German title, Der Wassertr?ger). This opera is considered by many to be Cherubini’s masterpiece.

  • Wassilieff, Marie (Russian painter)

    Arc-en-Ciel: …figure of Arc-en-Ciel was Russian-born Marie Wassilieff, whose restaurant in the Montparnasse section of Paris was frequented by famous Parisian artists. Wassilieff’s African-style puppets and statuettes appeared in many of the company’s performances.

  • Wassily chair (furniture)

    Marcel Breuer: …version is known as the Wassily chair.

  • wassoulou (music)

    Mali: The arts: …the southern area known as Wassoulou is very popular. Several Malian musicians are internationally known: Oumou Sangaré, Sali Sidibi, Ali Farka Touré, Amadou Bagayoko and Mariam Doumbia (who perform together as Amadou and Mariam), and Salif Keita, a descendant of Sundiata Keita, the founder of the Mali empire; their music…

  • Wassukkani (ancient city, Mesopotamia, Asia)

    Wassukkani, capital of the Mitannian empire (c. 1500–c. 1340 bc), possibly located near the head of the Khabur River in northern Mesopotamia. Wassukkani was for many years the centre of a powerful threat to the Hittite empire, but it was finally plundered about 1355 by the Hittites under

  • Was? al-Balad (district, Cairo, Egypt)

    Cairo: City layout: …district, referred to as the Was? al-Balad (“city centre,” or downtown), is flanked by these older quarters. The Was? al-Balad includes the older Al-Azbakiyyah district, Garden City, and, more recently, Jazīrah, the island offshore. The major thoroughfare connecting the city along its north-south axis is the Kūrnīsh al-Nīl (the Corniche),…

  • Wast, Hugo (Argentine writer)

    Hugo Wast, Argentine novelist and short-story writer, probably his country’s most popular and most widely translated novelist. Wast, a lawyer by profession, served as a national deputy (1916–20), as director of the National Library in Buenos Aires (1931–54), and as minister of justice and public

  • Was?ānī Gate (Baghdad, Iraq)

    Baghdad: Architecture and monuments: The Was?ānī Gate, the only remnant of the medieval wall, has been converted into the Arms Museum.

  • Waste (play by Granville-Barker)

    English literature: The Edwardians: … (performed 1905, published 1909) and Waste (performed 1907, published 1909) the hypocrisies and deceit of upper-class and professional life.

  • waste (biology)

    excretion: Types of waste: metabolic and nonmetabolic: Waste products may be categorized as metabolic or nonmetabolic. The difference lies in whether the substances in question are produced by the chemical processes of a living cell or are merely passed through the digestive tract of an organism without actually entering into its life…

  • waste disposal (biology)

    Excretion, the process by which animals rid themselves of waste products and of the nitrogenous by-products of metabolism. Through excretion organisms control osmotic pressure—the balance between inorganic ions and water—and maintain acid-base balance. The process thus promotes homeostasis, the

  • waste disposal system

    Waste disposal, the collection, processing, and recycling or deposition of the waste materials of human society. Waste is classified by source and composition. Broadly speaking, waste materials are either liquid or solid in form, and their components may be either hazardous or inert in their

  • waste heat recovery

    Thermal-heat recovery, use of heat energy that is released from some industrial processes and that would otherwise dissipate into the immediate environment unused. Given the prevalence of heat-generating processes in energy systems, such as those found in household heating and cooling systems and

  • Waste Land, The (poem by Eliot)

    The Waste Land, long poem by T.S. Eliot, published in 1922, first in London in The Criterion (October), next in New York City in The Dial (November), and finally in book form, with footnotes by Eliot. The 433-line, five-part poem was dedicated to fellow poet Ezra Pound, who helped condense the

  • waste management

    Pollution control, in environmental engineering, any of a variety of means employed to limit damage done to the environment by the discharge of harmful substances and energies. Specific means of pollution control might include refuse disposal systems such as sanitary landfills, emission control

  • Waste Management Inc. (American company)

    Arthur Andersen: The Indictment: 43 billion accounting fraud at Waste Management Inc. The cease-and-desist arrived after Andersen had already reached a civil settlement and agreed to pay a $7 million fine for malfeasance with regard to the Waste Management case. Andersen partners were warned that any future violation would result in an extreme penalty…

  • waste mold casting (sculpture)

    sculpture: Casting and molding: …the mold—hence the term “waste” mold. The order of reassembling and filling the mold may be reversed; fibreglass and resin, for example, are “laid up” in the mold pieces before they are reassembled.

  • waste product (pollution)

    logistics: Salvage scrap disposal: A firm’s waste materials must be positively managed. The firm attempts to both sell them at a profit and follow environmentally sound practices. The key to many recycling efforts is to have scrap and waste materials properly sorted, so that they can be sold to various processors…

  • waste product (biology)

    excretion: Types of waste: metabolic and nonmetabolic: Waste products may be categorized as metabolic or nonmetabolic. The difference lies in whether the substances in question are produced by the chemical processes of a living cell or are merely passed through the digestive tract of an organism without actually entering into its life…

  • waste recycling

    Recycling, recovery and reprocessing of waste materials for use in new products. The basic phases in recycling are the collection of waste materials, their processing or manufacture into new products, and the purchase of those products, which may then themselves be recycled. Typical materials that

  • waste-to-energy plant

    solid-waste management: Energy recovery: …in this way are called waste-to-energy plants. Instead of a separate furnace and boiler, a water-tube wall furnace may also be used for energy recovery. Such a furnace is lined with vertical steel tubes spaced closely enough to form continuous sections of wall. The walls are insulated on the outside…

  • wastepaper (paper)

    papermaking: Wastepaper and paperboard: By using greater quantities of wastepaper stock, the need for virgin fibre is reduced, and the problem of solid waste disposal is minimized. The expansion of this source is a highly complex problem, however, because of the difficulties in gathering wastepaper from scattered…

  • wastewater (drainage)

    ice in lakes and rivers: Thermal methods: Wastewater from the cooling of power plants, both fossil-fueled and nuclear, has sometimes been suggested as a source of energy for melting ice downstream of the release points. This method may be advantageous in small areas, but the power requirements for melting extended reaches of…

  • wastewater reuse

    wastewater treatment: Wastewater reuse: Wastewater can be a valuable resource in cities or towns where population is growing and water supplies are limited. In addition to easing the strain on limited freshwater supplies, the reuse of wastewater can improve the quality of streams and lakes by reducing…

  • wastewater treatment

    Wastewater treatment, the removal of impurities from wastewater, or sewage, before they reach aquifers or natural bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, estuaries, and oceans. Since pure water is not found in nature (i.e., outside chemical laboratories), any distinction between clean water and

  • wat (Thai temple)

    Bangkok: Cultural life: …feature of Bangkok is the wat. There are more than 300 such temples, representing classic examples of Thai architecture. Most are enclosed by walls. Many wats have leased a portion of their grounds for residential or commercial use.

  • wat (food)

    Ethiopia: Daily life and social customs: Its most typical dishes are wats and alechas, stews redolent with spices and aromatic vegetables. The wat is further enhanced by the addition of berbere, a complex seasoning paste made incendiary by dried hot chilies. The wat or alecha may contain beef, goat, lamb, chicken, hard-boiled eggs, or fish. Berbere…

  • Wat Arun (temple, Bangkok, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: During these years Wat Arun, noted for its tall spire, Wat Yan Nawa, and Wat Bowon Niwet were completed, Wat Pho was further enlarged, and Wat Sutat was begun. There were, however, few other substantial buildings and fewer paved streets; the river and the network of interconnected canals…

  • Wat Bowon Niwet (temple complex, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …spire, Wat Yan Nawa, and Wat Bowon Niwet were completed, Wat Pho was further enlarged, and Wat Sutat was begun. There were, however, few other substantial buildings and fewer paved streets; the river and the network of interconnected canals served as roadways.

  • Wat Chet Yot (temple complex, Chiang Mai, Thailand)

    Southeast Asian arts: Architecture and painting: …is King Tiloka’s late 15th-century Wat Chet Yot at Chiang Mai, which has one large and four smaller pyramids mounted on a main block. The Thai kings also adopted something of the personal funeral cult of Khmer Angkor (see below Cambodia and Vietnam), for a custom grew of building bell-shaped…

  • Wat Pho (temple complex, Bangkok, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …Palace complex and the temple Wat Pho were completed. A new city wall, perhaps the most imposing structure, skirted the river and Khlong Ong Ang to the east; it was 4.5 miles (7 km) long, 10 feet (3 metres) thick, and 13 feet (4 metres) high, and it had 63…

  • Wat Phra Kaeo (temple complex, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …of the great royal temple, Wat Phra Kaeo, which housed the Emerald Buddha. A post and telegraph service was organized in the 1880s, an electric tram service was instituted on Charoen Krung in 1892, and the first line of the State Railway, running from Bangkok to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya,…

  • Wat Phra Si Sanphet (monastery, Ayutthaya, Thailand)

    Ayutthaya: The Wat Phra Si Sanphet, a monastery on the grounds of the so-called Wang Luang (Ancient Palace), served as the royal chapel and once contained an image of the Buddha covered in some 375 pounds (170 kg) of gold. Other palaces in Ayutthaya are the Chantharakasem…

  • Wat Phra That Doi Suthep (temple complex, Thailand)

    Chiang Mai: The temple complex of Wat Phra That Doi Suthep is one of Thailand’s most famous pilgrimage sites. The temple lies at an elevation of 3,520 feet (1,073 m) on the slopes of Mount Suthep, one of Thailand’s highest peaks (5,528 feet [1,685 m]), just outside the city. The Doi…

  • Wat Po (temple complex, Bangkok, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …Palace complex and the temple Wat Pho were completed. A new city wall, perhaps the most imposing structure, skirted the river and Khlong Ong Ang to the east; it was 4.5 miles (7 km) long, 10 feet (3 metres) thick, and 13 feet (4 metres) high, and it had 63…

  • Wat Sutat (temple complex, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …Pho was further enlarged, and Wat Sutat was begun. There were, however, few other substantial buildings and fewer paved streets; the river and the network of interconnected canals served as roadways.

  • Wat Tyler (work by Southey)

    Robert Southey: …the unauthorized publication (1817) of Wat Tyler, an early verse drama reflecting his youthful political opinions, enabled his enemies to remind the public of his youthful republicanism. About this time he became involved in a literary imbroglio with Lord Byron. Byron had already attacked Southey in English Bards and Scotch…

  • Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (English history)

    Peasants’ Revolt, (1381), first great popular rebellion in English history. Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of 1381, which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century. The rebellion drew support from several s

  • Wat Yan Nawa (temple complex, Thailand)

    Bangkok: History: …noted for its tall spire, Wat Yan Nawa, and Wat Bowon Niwet were completed, Wat Pho was further enlarged, and Wat Sutat was begun. There were, however, few other substantial buildings and fewer paved streets; the river and the network of interconnected canals served as roadways.

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