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  • watadono (Japanese architecture)

    shinden-zukuri: …living quarters, were attached by watadono, wide covered corridors, from which narrow corridors extended south, ending in tsuridono, small pavilions, creating a U-shaped arrangement around the court. Wealthier nobles built additional buildings behind the shinden and tainoya.

  • watakushi shishōsetsu (Japanese literature)

    I novel, form or genre of 20th-century Japanese literature that is characterized by self-revealing narration, with the author usually as the central character. The I novel grew out of the naturalist movement that dominated Japanese literature during the early decades of the 20th century. The term

  • watakushi shōsetsu (Japanese literature)

    I novel, form or genre of 20th-century Japanese literature that is characterized by self-revealing narration, with the author usually as the central character. The I novel grew out of the naturalist movement that dominated Japanese literature during the early decades of the 20th century. The term

  • Watampone (Indonesia)

    West Sulawesi: History: …the neighbouring Buginese state of Bone. In 1660 the Buginese nobleman Arung Palakka was defeated by the Makassarese and took refuge on the island of Buton, off the southeastern coast of Celebes. Later that decade the Dutch rose in support of Arung Palakka and conquered Gowa. Arung Palakka later became…

  • Watanabe (Japan)

    ōsaka-Kōbe metropolitan area: Ancient and medieval periods: …building of new settlements, including Watanabe, which became a provincial capital and port during the Middle Ages. South of ōsaka, on the eastern shore of the bay, is Sakai, which had emerged as a port town by the 14th century. There is evidence that, like some medieval European towns, it…

  • Watanabe Kazan (Japanese artist)

    Watanabe Kazan, Japanese scholar and painter noted for his character-revealing portraits and his pioneering efforts in adapting Western perspective to Japanese art. The son of a poor retainer of a lesser lord, Watanabe studied painting to earn a living. In 1832 Watanabe, who was in the service of

  • Watanabe Michio (Japanese politician)

    Michio Watanabe, Japanese politician (born July 28, 1923, Tochigi prefecture, Japan—died Sept. 15, 1995, Tokyo, Japan), had a long career as an influential Liberal Democratic politician, though he never attained the prime ministership, the office he especially aspired to and made three attempts t

  • Watanabe Osamu (Japanese athlete)

    Watanabe Osamu, Japanese freestyle featherweight wrestler who was the undefeated world champion in 1962 and 1963 and an Olympic gold medalist in 1964. He competed in more than 300 matches and never lost a bout in his career. Watanabe won his first national championship at the age of 19 and defended

  • Watanabe Sadayasu (Japanese artist)

    Watanabe Kazan, Japanese scholar and painter noted for his character-revealing portraits and his pioneering efforts in adapting Western perspective to Japanese art. The son of a poor retainer of a lesser lord, Watanabe studied painting to earn a living. In 1832 Watanabe, who was in the service of

  • Watanabe Tamae (Japanese mountain climber)

    Mount Everest: Extraordinary feats: …summit was another Japanese climber, Watanabe Tamae, who set the record twice: first on May 16, 2002, at age 63, and again on May 19, 2012, at age 73.

  • Watanabe Yoko (Japanese opera singer)

    Yoko Watanabe, Japanese opera singer (born July 12, 1953, Fukuoka, Japan—died July 15, 2004, Milan, Italy), made her professional debut on the opera stage in 1978 and over the next 22 years became renowned for the intensity of her portrayals of the major heroines, most notably Cio-Cio-San in P

  • Watarai Shintō (Japanese religion)

    Ise Shintō, school of Shintō established by priests of the Watarai family who served at the Outer Shrine of the Ise Shrine (Ise-jingū). Ise Shintō establishes purity and honesty as the highest virtues, realizable through religious experience. The school began in the Kamakura period (1192–1333) as a

  • Wataya Risa (Japanese writer)

    Wataya Risa, Japanese writer who in 2004 became the youngest-ever recipient of the Akutagawa Prize, Japan’s most prestigious literary award. Wataya debuted as an author at age 17 with Insutōru (2001; Install; film 2004), for which she won the 2001 Bungei literary prize. The novel depicted a

  • watch (timekeeping device)

    Watch, portable timepiece that has a movement driven either by spring or by electricity and that is designed to be worn or carried in the pocket. The first watches appeared shortly after 1500, early examples being made by Peter Henlein, a locksmith in Nürnberg, Ger. The escapement used in the early

  • watch (meteorology)

    weather forecasting: Predictive skills and procedures: …the tornado or severe thunderstorm watch, which is the forecast prepared by the SELS forecaster, and the warning, which is usually released by a local observing facility. The watch may be issued when the skies are clear, and it usually covers a number of counties. It alerts the affected area…

  • watch ball (glass sphere)

    witch ball: …corruption of the 18th-century term watch ball.

  • watch fob

    Watch fob, short ribbon or chain attached to a watch and hanging out of the pocket in which the watch is kept; the term can also refer to ornaments hung at the end of such a ribbon or chain. Until World War I and the development of the wristwatch, most watches designed for men had to be carried in

  • Watch Night (Christian religious service)

    Watch Night, Christian religious service held on New Year’s Eve and associated, in many African American churches, with a celebration and remembrance of the Emancipation Proclamation (enacted January 1, 1863), which freed slaves in the Confederate states during the American Civil War. Many mainline

  • Watch on the Rhine (play by Hellman)

    Watch on the Rhine, drama in three acts by Lillian Hellman, published and produced in 1941. Performed just eight months before the United States entered World War II, Hellman’s play exposed the dangers of fascism in America, asserting that tyranny can also be battled on the home front. The play is

  • Watch on the Rhine (film by Shumlin [1943])

    Bette Davis: …Foxes (1941), Now, Voyager (1942), Watch on the Rhine (1943), and The Corn Is Green (1945), and she received Academy Award nominations for her performances in the first three films. However, her career began to falter near the end of the decade. She severed her 18-year relationship with Warner Brothers…

  • Watch That Ends the Night, The (novel by MacLennan)

    Canadian literature: Modern period, 1900–60: …panoramic Two Solitudes (1945) and The Watch That Ends the Night (1959), framed against the backdrop of the two world wars, Hugh MacLennan attempted to capture moral, social, and religious conflicts that rent individuals, families, and the French and English communities in Quebec. Sheila Watson’s enigmatic and mythic The Double…

  • Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (religious organization)

    Charles Taze Russell: …in 1884 he founded the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, which became an extensive publishing business. His own books and booklets (notably seven volumes of Studies in the Scriptures) reached a circulation of 16 million copies in 35 languages, and 2,000 newspapers published his weekly sermons. He was president…

  • Watch Tower Bible School of Gilead (school, South Lansing, New York, United States)

    Jehovah's Witness: History: He established the Watch Tower Bible School of Gilead (South Lansing, New York) to train missionaries and leaders, decreed that all the society’s books and articles were to be published anonymously, and set up adult lay-education programs to train Witnesses to teach prospective converts. Under Knorr’s direction, a…

  • Watch Tower, The (religious publication)

    Jehovah's Witness: History: …and pamphlets and a periodical, The Watchtower, and to recalculate the time of the Parousia.

  • Watch Your Mouth (work by Handler)

    Daniel Handler: Watch Your Mouth (2000), written in the form of an opera, was a satiric work centred on the theme of incest.

  • watch-and-ward system (European history)

    bobby: …themselves taking over activities from night watchmen such as lighting lamps and watching for fires. The original uniform consisted of a blue tailcoat and a top hat and was meant to emphasize that the police were not a military force, as was the fact that the officers did not carry…

  • Watcher on the Cast-Iron Balcony, The (autobiography by Boyd)

    Australian literature: Literature from 1940 to 1970: …moral context, while Hal Porter’s The Watcher on the Cast-Iron Balcony (1963) is a résumé of post-Edwardian Australia as seen in a country town (an audacious but convincing variant on the bush orientation of traditional writing) and is patterned as a biography of his mother.

  • watchman (European history)

    bobby: …themselves taking over activities from night watchmen such as lighting lamps and watching for fires. The original uniform consisted of a blue tailcoat and a top hat and was meant to emphasize that the police were not a military force, as was the fact that the officers did not carry…

  • Watchmen (work by Moore and Gibbons)

    Watchmen, graphic novel by writer Alan Moore and artist Dave Gibbons, published as a 12-part series by DC Comics from September 1986 to October 1987. The complex characters and mature story line were unlike anything previously seen in the superhero genre. In 1983 DC acquired the rights to the

  • Watchmen (film by Snyder [2009])

    Alan Moore: …V for Vendetta (2006) and Watchmen (2009) debuted in theatres, Moore’s name was conspicuously absent from the credits. His previous ill-fated dealings with Hollywood had convinced him that his creations could best be served by remaining on the printed page, and he requested that his name not be associated with…

  • Watchmen (American television series)

    Louis Gossett, Jr.: …Blues (2005), and the series Watchmen (2019– ).

  • watchtower (military science)

    warning system: History: …observation, was often supplemented by watchtowers, such as those placed along the Great Wall of China and on Hadrian’s Wall in Britain.

  • Watchtower, The (religious publication)

    Jehovah's Witness: History: …and pamphlets and a periodical, The Watchtower, and to recalculate the time of the Parousia.

  • water

    Water, a substance composed of the chemical elements hydrogen and oxygen and existing in gaseous, liquid, and solid states. It is one of the most plentiful and essential of compounds. A tasteless and odourless liquid at room temperature, it has the important ability to dissolve many other

  • water activity (foodstuffs)

    food preservation: Bacteria: …of water is expressed as water activity and is defined by the ratio of the vapour pressure of water in the food to the vapour pressure of pure water at a specific temperature. Therefore, the water activity of any food product is always a value between 0 and 1, with…

  • water arum (plant)

    calla: …known as the arum lily, water arum, or wild calla. As a common name calla is also generally given to several species of Zantedeschia, which are often called calla lilies.

  • water ballet (sport)

    Synchronized swimming, exhibition swimming in which the movements of one or more swimmers are synchronized with a musical accompaniment. Because of a similarity to dance, it is sometimes called water ballet, especially in theatrical situations. The sport developed in the United States in the 1930s.

  • water bear (animal)

    Tardigrade, (phylum Tardigrada), any of more than 1,100 species of free-living tiny invertebrates belonging to the phylum Tardigrada. They are considered to be close relatives of arthropods (e.g., insects, crustaceans). Tardigrades are mostly about 1 mm (0.04 inch) or less in size. They live in a

  • water bear (mammal)

    Polar bear, (Ursus maritimus), great white northern bear (family Ursidae) found throughout the Arctic region. The polar bear travels long distances over vast desolate expanses, generally on drifting oceanic ice floes, searching for seals, its primary prey. Except for one subspecies of grizzly bear,

  • Water Bearer (astronomy and astrology)

    Aquarius, (Latin: “Water Bearer”) in astronomy, zodiacal constellation lying in the southern sky between Capricornus and Pisces, at about 22 hours right ascension and 10° south declination. It lacks striking features, the brightest star, Sadalmelik (Arabic for “the lucky stars of the king”), being

  • water bed (furniture)

    bed: …inflatable air mattress and the water bed, a mattress-sized plastic or vinyl bag filled with water and supported in a wooden frame. At first popular mainly as a novelty among the young, the water bed was later more widely accepted and has been used in hospitals, infant nurseries, and convalescent…

  • water beech (plant)

    hornbeam: The American hornbeam (C. caroliniana) is also known as water beech and blue beech, the latter for its blue-gray bark. It seldom reaches 12 m, although some trees in the southern United States may grow to 18 m tall. The smooth trunk has a sinewy or…

  • water beetle (insect)

    Water beetle, any of several thousand species of aquatic beetles (order Coleoptera), including members of the families Haliplidae (crawling water beetles), Amphizoidae (trout-stream beetles), Hygrobiidae (screech beetles), Gyrinidae (whirligig beetles), Noteridae (burrowing water beetles),

  • water birch (Betula occidentalis)

    birch: Water birch (B. occidentalis; B. fontinalis of some authorities), a shrubby tree native to moist sites along the western coast of North America, has nonpeeling, dark-red bark; it grows in clusters, with all stems rising from a common root system. It is sometimes called red…

  • water birch (tree)

    River birch, (Betula nigra), ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. Commonly

  • water bloom (ecology)

    Water bloom, dense aquatic population of microscopic photosynthetic organisms produced by an abundance of nutrient salts in surface water, coupled with adequate sunlight for photosynthesis. The microorganisms or the toxic substances that they release may discolour the water, deplete its oxygen

  • water board (Netherlandish history)

    history of the Low Countries: Social and economic structure: …led to the foundation of water boards, which in the 13th and 14th centuries were amalgamated to form higher water authorities (the hoogheemraadschappen). Mastery over the water had to be carried out on a large scale and in an organized fashion; the building of dikes required a higher authority and…

  • water boatman (insect)

    Water boatman, (family Corixidae), any of more than 300 species of insects in the true bug order, Heteroptera, that are named for their flat, boat-shaped bodies and long, fringed, oarlike hindlegs. Members of this cosmopolitan family are usually less than 13 mm (0.5 inch) long. They can be found

  • water brake (mechanics)

    dynamometer: A water brake creates a resistance by circulating water between a rotating impeller and a stationary shell while an electric dynamometer generates and absorbs direct-current electricity or eddy currents. In each case, the element that exerts the restraining influence is freely cradled so that its tendency…

  • water budget (ecology)

    atmosphere: Water budget: The water budget at the air-surface interface is also of crucial importance in influencing atmospheric processes. The surface gains water through precipitation (rain and snow), direct condensation, and deposition (dew and frost). On land, the precipitation is often so large that some of…

  • water buffalo (mammal)

    Water buffalo, (Bubalus bubalis), either of two forms, wild and domestic, of Asian mammal similar to the ox. There are 74 breeds of domestic water buffalo numbering some 165 million animals, but only small numbers of wild water buffalo remain. Both forms are gray to black with off-white “socks” and

  • water burial (funeral custom)

    burial: Water burial: The association between water and immortality is reflected in the myths of many cultures, myths that often centre on a god-hero who sails away from his people in death with the promise to return again. The bodies of chiefs and heroes, therefore, have…

  • water cabbage (plant)

    Africa: Sudd: …other water plants—including the floating Nile cabbage (Pistia stratiotes)—form masses of waterlogged plant material that are largely unproductive and are a nuisance to fishing and navigation. Pistia has become an unwelcome invader of Lake Kariba, the body of water formed by the impounding (1959) of the Zambezi River in the…

  • Water Carrier, The (work by Cherubini)

    Luigi Cherubini: …theme: Les Deux Journées (1800; The Two Days, also known as The Water Carrier from its German title, Der Wassertr?ger). This opera is considered by many to be Cherubini’s masterpiece.

  • water channel (biology)

    Peter Agre: …2003 for his discovery of water channels in cell membranes. He shared the award with Roderick MacKinnon, also of the United States.

  • Water Chenla (ancient state, Indochina)

    Southeast Asian arts: 1st–10th century: …was called by the Chinese Chenla. This joint Funan-Chenla tradition produced some of the world’s most magnificent stone cult images. Though Buddhist icons are known, these images principally represent Hindu deities including Vishnu, his incarnation Krishna, Shiva, and a combined Shiva-Vishnu figure called Harihara. The images were housed in wooden…

  • water chestnut (plant)

    Water chestnut, any of several species of water plants that are cultivated for their edible parts. Water chestnuts of the genus Trapa (family Trapaceae) are native to Europe, Asia, and Africa and are also known as water caltrops. The name “water chestnut” is commonly applied to their edible nutlike

  • water chevrotain (mammal)

    chevrotain: The water chevrotain (Hyemoschus aquaticus), larger than the Asian forms, is found in western equatorial Africa. It inhabits thick cover on the banks of rivers and, when disturbed, seeks escape in the water. While some taxonomies place all Indian chevrotains in the species Moschiola meminna, others…

  • water chilling (food processing)

    poultry processing: Water chilling: Water chilling is used throughout North America and involves a prechilling step in which a countercurrent flow of cold water is used to lower the temperature of the carcasses. The carcasses are then moved into a chiller—a large tank specifically designed to move…

  • water chinquapin (plant)

    lotus: …of eastern North America is Nelumbo pentapetala, a similar plant with yellow blossoms (see Nelumbonaceae). The lotus tree, known to the Romans as the Libyan lotus, was probably Celtis australis, the nettle tree of southern Europe, a member of the elm family (Cannabaceae) with fruits like small cherries, first red…

  • water clock (timekeeping device)

    Clepsydra, ancient device for measuring time by the gradual flow of water. One form, used by the North American Indians and some African peoples, consisted of a small boat or floating vessel that shipped water through a hole until it sank. In another form, the vessel was filled with water that was

  • water closet

    construction: Improvements in building services: …Bramah invented the metal valve-type water closet as early as 1778, and other early lavatories, sinks, and bathtubs were of metal also; lead, copper, and zinc were all tried. The metal fixtures proved difficult to clean, however, and in England during the 1870s Thomas Twyford developed the first large one-piece…

  • water clover (fern genus)

    fern: Annotated classification: …plants rooted in the substrate—Marsilea (waterclover), Pilularia (pillwort), and Regnellidium—with about 75 species found nearly worldwide. Order Cyatheales (tree ferns) Family Cyatheaceae (scaly tree

  • Water Club (Irish yacht club)

    yacht: Yachting and yacht clubs: …in the British Isles, the Water Club, was formed about 1720 at Cork, Ireland, as a cruising and unofficial coast guard organization, with much naval panoply and formality. The closest thing to a race was the “chase,” when the “fleet” pursued an imaginary enemy. The club persisted, largely as a…

  • water cock (bird)

    Water cock, (Gallicrex cinerea), marsh bird of the rail family, Rallidae (order Gruiformes). It occurs from India to Japan and throughout Southeast Asia to the Philippines. The male is blue-black with red legs, a strongly conical red bill, and a protruding red frontal shield. The female is mottled

  • water cooling (technology)

    gasoline engine: Cooling system: Liquid cooling is employed in most gasoline engines, whether the engines are for use in automobiles or elsewhere. The liquid is circulated around the cylinders to pick up heat and then through a radiator to dissipate the heat. Usually a thermostat is located in the…

  • water couch (plant)

    Paspalum: Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia.

  • water cow (mammal)

    hippopotamus: Pygmy hippopotamus: The rare pygmy hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis, also known as Choeropsis liberiensis), the other living species of the family Hippopotamidae, is about the size of a domestic pig. The pygmy hippo is less aquatic than its larger relative, although, when pursued, it hides in water. Less gregarious, it…

  • water crisis

    Water availability has for millennia shaped the culture of the people in the part of the world now commonly referred to as the Middle East and North Africa. This huge region extends from the Maghreb, comprising Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and sometimes Mauritania, into the Mashriq, comprising

  • water crowfoot, common (plant)

    buttercup: peltatus) and common water crowfoot (R. aquatilis) have broad-leaved floating leaves and finely dissected submerged leaves.

  • Water Cube (building, Beijing, China)

    Chinese architecture: Into the 21st century: …himself from the project); the National Aquatics Centre, called the “Water Cube,” was designed by an Australian-Chinese consortium. At the same time, the face of central Beijing’s architecture was further altered by two massive and controversial constructions: the National Centre for the Performing Arts, called “The Egg” and contrasting with…

  • water current system (biology)

    sponge: Form and function: …canals and chambers, called a water-current system, through which water circulates to bring food and oxygen to the sponge. The water-current system also helps disperse gametes and larvae and remove wastes.

  • water cycle

    Water cycle, cycle that involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-atmosphere system. Of the many processes involved in the water cycle, the most important are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. Although the total amount of water within the cycle

  • Water Dancer, The (novel by Coates)

    Ta-Nehisi Coates: …Coates released his first novel, The Water Dancer. The book, which earned widespread acclaim, centres on a slave with photographic memory who aids the Underground Railroad. Coates’s other fiction work included a comic series based on the Marvel superhero Black Panther. The first installment was published in 2016.

  • Water Diviner, The (film by Crowe [2014])

    Russell Crowe: …moved into feature-film directing with The Water Diviner (2014), in which he starred as a father attempting to locate his sons, who he believes were killed in the Gallipoli Campaign during World War I. Crowe had previously codirected the documentary Texas (2002), about 30 Odd Foot of Grunts.

  • water dog (salamander)

    Mud puppy, any of five species of entirely aquatic salamanders in a genus (Necturus) belonging to the family Proteidae (or Necturidae), in the order Caudata. Their popular name derives from the mistaken belief that they are able to bark. They are found in lakes, rivers, and swamps of eastern North

  • water dragon (plant)

    Lizard’s tail, member of the lizard’s-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy areas of eastern North America. The plant has creeping stems, or runners. Erect branches about 60 to 150 centimetres (2 to 5 feet) tall bear heart-shaped leaves on long stalks. Small, white flowers grow in a spike with

  • water dropwort (plant)

    cowbane: rigidior, which is also called water-dropwort. Several species of Cicuta are also called cowbane (see water hemlock).

  • water drum (music)

    Native American music: Southern Cone: …used in shamanic curing rituals, water drums, and bamboo stamping tubes played by Maká women. In the Misiones region, the Mbyá people use a guitar and striking-sticks to accompany their annual first fruits celebration. Performance contexts include shamanic rituals, harvest ceremonies, and life-cycle events.

  • water elder (plant)

    viburnum: The European cranberry, highbush cranberry, or water elder (V. opulus), a small tree reaching 4 metres (13 feet), is native to northern Europe and North Africa. It has three- to five-lobed, maplelike leaves and round heads of white flowers that are followed by hanging clusters of…

  • water elm (plant)

    Ulmaceae: Major genera and species: The planer tree, or water elm (Planera aquatica), of southeastern North America, produces useful timber known as false sandalwood. It is the only member of its genus.

  • water energy

    Waterpower, power produced by a stream of water as it turns a wheel or similar device. The waterwheel was probably invented in the 1st century bce, and it was widely used throughout the Middle Ages and into modern times for grinding grain, operating bellows for furnaces, and other purposes. The

  • water environment (oceanography)

    Pelagic zone, ecological realm that includes the entire ocean water column. Of all the inhabited Earth environments, the pelagic zone has the largest volume, 1,370,000,000 cubic kilometres (330,000,000 cubic miles), and the greatest vertical range, 11,000 metres (36,000 feet). Pelagic life is found

  • water excess

    Overhydration, condition characterized by an excessive volume of water in the body. Overhydration occurs when the body’s ability to dispose of fluid is overcome by a large fluid intake. It also can occur when the mechanisms for the disposal of excess fluid are defective, as is the case when more

  • water fern (plant)

    Water fern, (genus Ceratopteris), small genus of aquatic ferns (family Pteridaceae). Ceratopteris consists of at least four species: broadleaf water sprite (C. cornuta); floating antlerfern, or water horn fern (C. pteridoides); triangle water fern (C. richardii); and water sprite (C.

  • water filtration (chemistry)

    Filtration, the process in which solid particles in a liquid or gaseous fluid are removed by the use of a filter medium that permits the fluid to pass through but retains the solid particles. Either the clarified fluid or the solid particles removed from the fluid may be the desired product. In

  • water flag (plant)

    Iris: The yellow, or water, flag (I. pseudacorus) is a swamp plant native to Eurasia and North Africa; the blue flag (I. versicolor) occupies similar habitats in North America.

  • water flea (crustacean)

    Water flea, any member of the crustacean order Anomopoda (class Branchiopoda), a large group containing about 450 species distributed worldwide. Most forms are found in freshwater habitats, but a few occur in marine environments. The best known genus is Daphnia, ubiquitous in ponds and streams in

  • water fluoridation

    Water fluoridation, addition of fluoride compounds to water (see fluorine) at one part per million to reduce dental caries (cavities). This practice is based on the lower rates of caries seen in areas with moderate natural fluoridation of water and on studies showing that sound teeth contain more

  • Water for Elephants (film by Lawrence [2011])

    Reese Witherspoon: …starred in the Depression-era drama Water for Elephants, portraying a performer in a traveling circus who is caught in a love triangle (Robert Pattinson and Christoph Waltz). Better received was Mud (2012), in which she had a supporting role as the girlfriend of a troubled loner (Matthew McConaughey) who befriends…

  • water forget-me-not (plant)

    forget-me-not: The water forget-me-not (M. scorpioides) is shorter and has weaker stems; it grows in marshlands but is otherwise similar. Both are perennial and occur in white- and pink-flowered forms as well as blue.

  • water frame (textile technology)

    Water frame, In textile manufacture, a spinning machine powered by water that produced a cotton yarn suitable for warp (lengthwise threads). Patented in 1769 by R. Arkwright, it represented an improvement on James Hargreaves’s spinning jenny, which produced weaker thread suitable only for weft

  • water gap (geology)

    valley: Cross-axial drainage: These contrast with the water gaps that still contain transverse streams. The famous water gaps of the Appalachians are excellent examples of such patterns.

  • water garden

    gardening: Water gardens: The water garden represents one of the oldest forms of gardening. Egyptian records and pictures of cultivated water lilies date as far back as 2000 bce. The Japanese have also made water gardens to their own particular and beautiful patterns for many centuries.…

  • water gas (chemical compound)

    chemical industry: Nitrogen: …hydrogen, a mixture known as water gas. It is also possible to carry out a water-gas shift reaction by passing the water gas with more steam over a catalyst, yielding more hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is removed by dissolving it in water at a pressure of about…

  • water gel (chemical compound)

    explosive: Water gels: Water gels, or slurries, were introduced in 1958. These were, at first, mixtures of ammonium nitrate, TNT, water, and gelatinizing agents, usually guar gum and a cross-linking agent such as borax. (Cross-linking is a form of chemical bonding.) Later, aluminum and other metallic…

  • water glass (chemical compound)

    Water glass, a compound containing sodium oxide (Na2O) and silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2) that forms a glassy solid with the very useful property of being soluble in water. Water glass is sold as solid lumps or powders or as a clear, syrupy liquid. It is used as a convenient source of sodium for

  • water gourd (musical instrument)

    percussion instrument: Sub-Saharan Africa: Water gourds—half gourds floated open side down in a pan of water and struck rhythmically with small sticks—are played in western Africa; in Benin their chief use is at funeral rites.

  • water hawthorn (plant)

    pondweed: Cape pondweed, or water hawthorn (Aponogeton distachyos), of the family Aponogetonaceae, is native to South Africa and is grown as an ornamental in pools and greenhouses. Many species of those families serve as food for waterfowl and as cover for fishes.

  • water hemlock (plant)

    Water hemlock, (genus Cicuta), genus of four species of poisonous plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae), common throughout the north temperate zone. Water hemlocks typically grow in wet, marshy places and are often confused with nonpoisonous members of the family, such as wild carrots or

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