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  • Weird Women (work by Barbey d’Aurevilly)

    Jules-Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly: Les Diaboliques (1874; Weird Women), a collection of six short stories, is often considered his masterpiece.

  • Weirdness, The (album by the Stooges)

    Iggy and the Stooges: …than three decades to record The Weirdness (2007). While the album met with disappointing reviews, the supporting world tour presented the classic Stooges to a new generation of fans. Following the 2009 death of Ron Asheton, guitarist James Williamson, who had played a key role on Raw Power, rejoined the…

  • Weirdo (work by Crumb)

    R. Crumb: …published the black-and-white illustrated anthology Weirdo (1981), which featured himself as the main character in a collection of self-flagellating “confessional” tales. In 1991 Crumb moved to the south of France, from which vantage point he contributed illustrated articles to such mainstream publications as The New Yorker and devoted his spare…

  • Weirdstone of Brisingamen: A Tale of Alderley, The (novel by Garner)

    Alan Garner: His first book, The Weirdstone of Brisingamen: A Tale of Alderley (1960), is a fantasy tale in which twins Colin and Susan must contend with supernatural forces after discovering that they possess a magical gem. It is set in Alderley Edge in Garner’s native Cheshire. He released a…

  • Weirton (West Virginia, United States)

    Weirton, city, Brooke and Hancock counties, in the northern panhandle of West Virginia, U.S., on the Ohio River (bridged just south to Steubenville, Ohio). The area, originally settled during the American Revolution, has a long history of iron making. In the 1790s Peter Tarr built a crude furnace

  • Weisenfreund, Meshilem Meier (American actor)

    Paul Muni, American stage, film, and television actor acclaimed for his portrayals of noted historical figures. Weisenfreund was born to a family of Polish Jewish actors, and he began appearing onstage with his parents while still a young child. After the family’s immigration to the United States,

  • Weiser, Artur (German scholar)

    biblical literature: Psalms: Artur Weiser, a German scholar, sought the cultic milieu of the Hebrew psalms especially in an annual feast of covenant renewal, which was uniquely Israelite.

  • Weiser, Johann Conrad (American colonial agent)

    Johann Conrad Weiser, North American colonial Indian agent, musician, evangelist, and public official. Weiser migrated to New York with his father in 1710, and the family moved to Schoharie, N.Y., four years later. Conrad lived briefly among the neighbouring Iroquois before starting his own farm,

  • Weiser, Mark David (American computer scientist)

    Mark David Weiser, American computer scientist and visionary who developed the pioneering idea for what he referred to as “ubiquitous computing,” the use of tiny computers in “smart” devices—everyday items such as coffeepots and copy machines—and their connection via a network; he also was a

  • Weisgall, Hugo (American composer and educator)

    Hugo Weisgall, Czech-born American composer and educator, whose operas have been praised for their literary quality, their psychological drama, and their unique vocal style. Born into a musical family that had produced several generations of composers and cantors, Weisgall immigrated with his

  • Weisgall, Hugo David (American composer and educator)

    Hugo Weisgall, Czech-born American composer and educator, whose operas have been praised for their literary quality, their psychological drama, and their unique vocal style. Born into a musical family that had produced several generations of composers and cantors, Weisgall immigrated with his

  • Weishaupt, Adam (German philosopher)

    illuminati: The Bavarian illuminati: …on May Day 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, professor of canon law at Ingolstadt and a former Jesuit. The members of this secret society called themselves “Perfectibilists.” Their founder’s aim was to replace Christianity with a religion of reason, as later did the revolutionaries of France and the 19th-century positivist

  • Weishi (Buddhist school)

    Fa-hsiang, school of Chinese Buddhism derived from the Indian Yogācāra school. See

  • Weisinger, Mort (American writer)

    Aquaman: …featuring Aquaman was written by Mort Weisinger, who likely created the character, and illustrated by Paul Norris. Weisinger, a former science fiction editor, is better known as the creator of Superman. Norris’s career included updating the look of DC’s Sandman series and working with Hanna-Barbera, drawing such figures as Yogi…

  • Weismann, August (German biologist)

    August Weismann, German biologist and one of the founders of the science of genetics, who is best known for his opposition to the doctrine of the inheritance of acquired traits and for his “germ plasm” theory, the forerunner of DNA theory. From early boyhood, when he made expeditions into the

  • Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold (German biologist)

    August Weismann, German biologist and one of the founders of the science of genetics, who is best known for his opposition to the doctrine of the inheritance of acquired traits and for his “germ plasm” theory, the forerunner of DNA theory. From early boyhood, when he made expeditions into the

  • weiss beer (alcoholic beverage)

    beer: Types of beer: …barley, a special brew called weiss beer (Weissbier; “white beer”) is made from malted wheat. In other countries such as Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States, other cereals are used in lighter-coloured lager beers.

  • Weiss domain (physics)

    Pierre-Ernest Weiss: …very small regions known as Weiss domains. His major published work was Le magnetisme (with G. Foex, 1926).

  • Weiss, Alta (American baseball player)

    baseball: Women in baseball: An Ohio woman, Alta Weiss, pitched for the otherwise all-male semiprofessional Vermilion Independents in 1907. Jackie Mitchell became the first female professional baseball player when she signed a contract with the minor league Chattanooga Lookouts in 1931. Mitchell pitched in an exhibition game against the New York Yankees…

  • Weiss, Bernhard (German biblical scholar)

    biblical literature: Early theories about the Synoptic problem: …Heinrich Holtzmann in 1863, and Bernhard Weiss in 1887–88), which, with various modifications and refinements of other scholars, is the generally accepted solution to the Synoptic problem.

  • Weiss, Carol (American lawyer)

    Carol Weiss King, American lawyer who specialized in immigration law and the defense of the civil rights of immigrants. King graduated from Barnard College in New York City in 1916 and entered New York University Law School. In 1917 she married George C. King, an author. She graduated from law

  • Weiss, George David (American songwriter)

    George David Weiss, American songwriter (born April 9, 1921, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 23, 2010, Oldwick, N.J.), composed some of the greatest pop hits of the 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s, notably “What a Wonderful World” (1967; with Bob Thiele), which was recorded by Louis Armstrong and featured in the

  • Weiss, Harvey (American archaeologist)

    Shubat Enlil: …the site were begun by Harvey Weiss of Yale University in 1979. His work uncovered archaeological remains dating from about 5000 bc to 1726 bc, when the once-flourishing city was destroyed by Babylon.

  • Weiss, Janet (American musician)

    Pavement: …2008–11 included former Sleater-Kinney drummer Janet Weiss. Weiss, like Malkmus, lived in Portland, Oregon, where slacker collegiate types had bought homes and become parents. Even before the breakup of Pavement, Malkmus and Nastanovich had begun a side project with David Berman, recording as Silver Jews. Kannberg’s post-Pavement band, Preston School…

  • Weiss, Johannes (German theologian)

    Johannes Weiss, German theologian known for his work in New Testament criticism. He wrote the first eschatological interpretations of the Gospel (1892) and also set forth the principles of “form-criticism” (1912)—the analysis of biblical passages through the examination of their structural form.

  • Weiss, John (American historian)

    fascism: Conservative economic programs: As historian John Weiss noted, “Property and income distribution and the traditional class structure remained roughly the same under fascist rule. What changes there were favored the old elites or certain segments of the party leadership.” Historian Roger Eatwell concurred: “If a revolution is understood to mean…

  • Weiss, Mary (American singer)

    the Shangri-Las: …by two pairs of sisters: Mary Weiss(b. 1946, Queens, New York, U.S.) and Betty Weiss (byname of Elizabeth Weiss;b. 1948, Queens) and twins Margie Ganser (byname of Marguerite Ganser;b. February 4, 1948, Queens—d. July 28, 1996, Valley Stream, New York) and Mary-Ann Ganser(b. February 4, 1948, Queens—d. March 14, 1970,…

  • Weiss, Paul Alfred (American biologist)

    Paul Alfred Weiss, Austrian-born American biologist who did pioneering research on the mechanics of nerve regeneration, nerve repair, and cellular organization. During World War II Weiss and his colleagues developed and tested the first practical system of preserving human tissue for later surgical

  • Weiss, Peter (German writer)

    Peter Weiss, German dramatist and novelist whose plays achieved widespread success in both Europe and the United States in the 1960s. The son of a textile manufacturer who was Jewish by origin but Christian by conversion, Weiss was brought up a Lutheran. In 1934 he and his family were forced into

  • Weiss, Peter Ulrich (German writer)

    Peter Weiss, German dramatist and novelist whose plays achieved widespread success in both Europe and the United States in the 1960s. The son of a textile manufacturer who was Jewish by origin but Christian by conversion, Weiss was brought up a Lutheran. In 1934 he and his family were forced into

  • Weiss, Pierre-Ernest (French physicist)

    Pierre-Ernest Weiss, French physicist who investigated magnetism and determined the Weiss magneton unit of magnetic moment. Weiss graduated (1887) at the head of his class from the Zürich Polytechnikum with a degree in mechanical engineering and was admitted to the école Normale Supérieure in Paris

  • Weiss, Rainer (American physicist)

    Rainer Weiss, German-born American physicist who was awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and for the first direct detection of gravity waves. He won half the prize, with American physicists Kip S. Thorne and Barry

  • Weiss, Robert S. (sociologist)

    loneliness: Theories of loneliness: …loneliness developed by the sociologist Robert S. Weiss. Weiss identified six social needs that, if unmet, contribute to feelings of loneliness. Those needs are attachment, social integration, nurturance, reassurance of worth, sense of reliable alliance, and guidance in stressful situations. As would be predicted by attachment theory, Weiss maintained that…

  • Weiss, Rudolf Fritz (German herbalist and physician)

    phytotherapy: History of phytotherapy: …1960 German herbalist and physician Rudolf Fritz Weiss published Lehrbuch der Phytotherapie (1960; Herbal Medicine), which became the definitive German textbook on the topic. The work initially had been published in a different format in 1944 under the name Die Pflanzenheilkunde in der ?rztlichen Praxis (“Plant-Based Curative Science in Medical…

  • Weiss, Theodore Russell (American editor and poet)

    Theodore Russell Weiss, American poet and editor (born Dec. 16, 1916, Reading, Pa.—died April 15, 2003, Princeton, N.J.), was the founding editor in 1943 (with Warren Carrier) of the Quarterly Review of Literature, which published works by poets William Carlos Williams, E.E. Cummings, and Ezra P

  • Weissbier (alcoholic beverage)

    beer: Types of beer: …barley, a special brew called weiss beer (Weissbier; “white beer”) is made from malted wheat. In other countries such as Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States, other cereals are used in lighter-coloured lager beers.

  • weisse Band, Das (film by Haneke [2009])

    Michael Haneke: …in Das weisse Band (2009; The White Ribbon), which depicts a series of inscrutable cruelties and mishaps within a northern German village shortly before World War I. The film, shown in austere black and white, captured the Palme d’Or at Cannes and earned Academy Award nominations in the categories of…

  • Weissen Bl?tter (Swiss journal)

    René Schickele: …as the publisher of the Weissen Bl?tter (“The White Papers”), which he had transferred from Berlin to Zürich and which he made the most effective mouthpiece of European anti-war sentiment during World War I.

  • Weissenberg X-ray goniometer (measurement instrument)

    goniometer: Weissenberg X-ray goniometers: The Weissenberg X-ray goniometer is used in recording X-ray reflections from crystals. The crystal oscillates through about 200° around an edge, as a cylindrical camera is translated back and forth parallel to the crystal rotation axis. In Martin Julian Buerger’s design the…

  • Weissenberg, Alexis Sigismond (Bulgarian-born musician)

    Alexis Sigismond Weissenberg, Bulgarian-born pianist (born July 26, 1929, Sofia, Bulg.—died Jan. 8, 2012, Lugano, Switz.), brought speed, power, and virtuoso technique to the keyboard, notably in works by Schumann, Chopin, Beethoven, and Rachmaninoff. He was taught by his pianist mother and had his

  • Weissenborn, Friederike Caroline (German actress and manager)

    Caroline Neuber, actress-manager who was influential in the development of modern German theatre. Rebelling against her tyrannical father, she ran away at age 20 with a young clerk, Johann Neuber, and married him in 1718. They served their theatrical apprenticeship in the traveling companies of

  • Weisses Buch (Swiss historical book)

    Sarnen: …its town hall (1729–31), the Weisses Buch (“White Book”) contains the oldest chronicle extant (c. 1470) of the history of Swiss liberation; the book is also the principal source of the legend of William Tell, the Swiss patriot who was sentenced to shoot, with a crossbow, an apple from his…

  • Weisshorn (mountain, Switzerland)

    Alps: Physiography: distinctive peaks as the Dufourspitze, Weisshorn, Matterhorn, and Finsteraarhorn, all 14,000 feet high. In addition, the great glacial lakes—Como and Maggiore in the south, part of the drainage system of the Po; and Thun, Brienz, and Lucerne (Vierwaldst?ttersee) in the north—fall

  • Weisskircher Heights (region, Saarland, Germany)

    Saarland: Geography: …highest point is in the Weiskircher Heights (2,280 feet [695 metres]). The climate is largely continental in character, but a maritime influence is quite evident in Saarland’s moderately warm summers and mild winters. The annual precipitation is about 31 inches (800 mm).

  • Weisskopf formula (physics)

    radioactivity: Gamma transition: …the single-proton theoretical rate, or Weisskopf formula, named after the American physicist Victor Frederick Weisskopf, who developed it. The table gives the theoretical reference rate formulas in their dependence on nuclear mass number A and gamma-ray energy Eγ (in MeV).

  • Weisskopf, Victor Frederick (Austrian-American physicist)

    Victor Frederick Weisskopf, Austrian-born American physicist (born Sept. 19, 1908, Vienna, Austria—died April 21, 2002, Newton, Mass.), worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb during World War II; he later became a noted campaigner against the proliferation of nuclear weapons. A

  • Weisskunig (work by Maximilian I)

    Maximilian I: Legacy: but wrote two poetical allegories, Weisskunig (“White King”) and Theuerdank (both largely autobiographical), and the Geheimes Jagdbuch, a treatise on hunting, and kept a bevy of poets and artists busy with projects that glorified his reign. His military talents were considerable and led him to use war to attain his…

  • Weissman, Natalia (Polish-born concert pianist)

    Natalia Karp, (Natalia Weissman), Polish-born concert pianist (born Feb. 27, 1911, Krakow, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland]—died July 9, 2007, London, Eng.), survived a Nazi concentration camp in part on the strength of her musical talent. She made her professional debut in Berlin in 1929 with the

  • Weissman, Paul (American astronomer)

    comet: The modern era: In 1979 American astronomer Paul Weissman (the author of this article) published computer simulations of the Oort cloud energy distribution using planetary perturbations by Jupiter and Saturn and physical models of loss mechanisms such as random disruption and formation of a nonvolatile crust, based on actual observations of comets.…

  • Weissmuller, Johnny (American athlete and actor)

    Johnny Weissmuller, American freestyle swimmer of the 1920s who won five Olympic gold medals and set 67 world records. He became even more famous as a motion-picture actor, most notably in the role of Tarzan, a “noble savage” who had been abandoned as an infant in a jungle and reared by apes.

  • Weissmuller, Jonas (American athlete and actor)

    Johnny Weissmuller, American freestyle swimmer of the 1920s who won five Olympic gold medals and set 67 world records. He became even more famous as a motion-picture actor, most notably in the role of Tarzan, a “noble savage” who had been abandoned as an infant in a jungle and reared by apes.

  • Weissmuller, Peter John (American athlete and actor)

    Johnny Weissmuller, American freestyle swimmer of the 1920s who won five Olympic gold medals and set 67 world records. He became even more famous as a motion-picture actor, most notably in the role of Tarzan, a “noble savage” who had been abandoned as an infant in a jungle and reared by apes.

  • weisuo (Chinese military history)

    Weisuo, (Chinese: “guard post”), any of the military garrison units utilized by China’s Ming dynasty (1368–1644) to maintain peace throughout its empire. Originally developed by the preceding Yuan (or Mongol) dynasty (1206–1368), the system consisted of a guard unit of 5,600 men known as a wei.

  • Weisweiler, Adam (French cabinetmaker)

    Adam Weisweiler, one of the foremost cabinetmakers of the Louis XVI period, whose works were commissioned by many European courts. Weisweiler is believed to have studied at Neuwied under David Roentgen, later cabinetmaker to Queen Marie-Antoinette of France. He was established in Paris as an

  • Weisweiler, Jean (French cabinetmaker)

    Adam Weisweiler: …was continued by his son Jean Weisweiler (died 1844).

  • Weisz, Erik (American magician)

    Harry Houdini, American magician noted for his sensational escape acts. Houdini was the son of a rabbi who emigrated from Hungary to the United States and settled in Appleton, Wisconsin. He became a trapeze performer in circuses at an early age, and, after settling in New York City in 1882, he

  • Weisz, Rachel (British actress)

    Rachel Weisz, British actress who was especially known for portraying righteous and smart characters, such as activist Tessa Quayle in the political thriller The Constant Gardener (2005), a role for which she won an Academy Award for best supporting actress. She also had success in quirky comedies

  • Weisz, Rachel Hannah (British actress)

    Rachel Weisz, British actress who was especially known for portraying righteous and smart characters, such as activist Tessa Quayle in the political thriller The Constant Gardener (2005), a role for which she won an Academy Award for best supporting actress. She also had success in quirky comedies

  • weites Feld, Ein (novel by Grass)

    Günter Grass: In 1995 Grass published Ein weites Feld (“A Broad Field”), an ambitious novel treating Germany’s reunification in 1990. The work was vehemently attacked by German critics, who denounced Grass’s portrayal of reunification as “misconstrued” and “unreadable.” Grass, whose leftist political views were often not well received, was outspoken in…

  • Weiting (president of China)

    Yuan Shikai, Chinese army leader and reformist minister in the twilight of the Qing dynasty (until 1911) and then first president of the Republic of China (1912–16). Yuan was from a landed military family of Xiangcheng in Henan province. In his youth he showed a propensity for pleasure-seeking and

  • Weitz, Hans Werner (American fashion designer)

    John Weitz, (Hans Werner Weitz), German-born American fashion designer, novelist, and historian (born May 25, 1923, Berlin, Ger.—died Oct. 3, 2002, Bridgehampton, N.Y.), enhanced his renown as a menswear designer—and greatly increased his income—when he became one of the first to lend his name to t

  • Weitz, John (American fashion designer)

    John Weitz, (Hans Werner Weitz), German-born American fashion designer, novelist, and historian (born May 25, 1923, Berlin, Ger.—died Oct. 3, 2002, Bridgehampton, N.Y.), enhanced his renown as a menswear designer—and greatly increased his income—when he became one of the first to lend his name to t

  • Weitz, Paul J. (American astronaut)

    Pete Conrad: Kerwin, and Paul J. Weitz docked their Apollo spacecraft with the orbiting Skylab, which had sustained damage during its launch on May 14. They made repairs to keep Skylab from overheating and to ensure a power supply sufficient to allow them to complete most of their assigned…

  • Weiwu’er (people)

    Uighur, a Turkic-speaking people of interior Asia. Uighurs live for the most part in northwestern China, in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang; a small number live in the Central Asian republics. There were some 10,000,000 Uighurs in China and at least a combined total of 300,000 in

  • Weixian (China)

    Weifang, city, east-central Shandong sheng (province), eastern China. It is situated on the main route along the northern slopes of the Shandong Hills at the northern end of the central plain. The locality is watered by the Wei and Jiaolai rivers, which divide the Mount Tai complex to the west from

  • Weixin (instant messaging service)

    texting: …texting apps like Facebook Messenger, WeChat, and WhatsApp. The major wireless companies report that users now do more texting than talking on their cell phones.

  • Weiyang (ancient palace, China)

    Chinese architecture: The Qin (221–206 bce) and Han (206 bce–220 ce) dynasties: …hall of the Western Han Weiyang palace was said to have been about 120 metres (390 feet) long by 35 metres (115 feet) deep, possibly smaller than its largest Qin predecessor yet much larger than its equivalents in the Beijing palace today. From the Zhou dynasty (1046–255 bce) through the…

  • Weizenbaum, Joseph (American computer scientist)

    Joseph Weizenbaum, German-born American computer scientist (born Jan. 8, 1923, Berlin, Ger.—died March 5, 2008, Gr?ben, Ger.), was a visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology when he set the stage for the advancement of artificial intelligence (AI) as the developer (1964–65)

  • Weizhou (China)

    Weifang, city, east-central Shandong sheng (province), eastern China. It is situated on the main route along the northern slopes of the Shandong Hills at the northern end of the central plain. The locality is watered by the Wei and Jiaolai rivers, which divide the Mount Tai complex to the west from

  • Weizman, Ezer (president of Israel)

    Ezer Weizman, Israeli soldier and politician who was the seventh president of Israel (1993–2000). Weizman was the nephew of Israel’s first president, Chaim Weizmann, and during World War II he served as a pilot in Britain’s Royal Air Force. Afterward he became one of the founding officers of the

  • Weizmann Institute of Science (institution, Rehovot, Israel)

    Israel: Education: …in Haifa (1924), and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Re?ovot (1934), several institutions of higher learning have been founded since 1948, including the universities of Tel Aviv and Haifa, Bar-Ilan University (religious, located near Tel Aviv), and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba. The Open University of Israel…

  • Weizmann, Chaim (Israeli president and scientist)

    Chaim Weizmann, first president of the new nation of Israel (1949–52), who was for decades the guiding spirit behind the World Zionist Organization. Chaim Azriel Weizmann was born of humble parents in November 1874, in Motol, a backwater hamlet in the western Russian empire, the third of 15

  • Weizmann, Chaim Azriel (Israeli president and scientist)

    Chaim Weizmann, first president of the new nation of Israel (1949–52), who was for decades the guiding spirit behind the World Zionist Organization. Chaim Azriel Weizmann was born of humble parents in November 1874, in Motol, a backwater hamlet in the western Russian empire, the third of 15

  • Weizs?cker, Carl Friedrich, Baron von (German physicist and philosopher)

    Carl Friedrich, Freiherr (Baron) von Weizs?cker, German theoretical physicist and philosopher (born June 28, 1912 , Kiel, Ger.—died April 28, 2007 , Starnberg, Ger.), was a member of the team that sought to develop an atomic bomb for Nazi Germany; he later was one of the “G?ttingen 18,” scientists

  • Weizs?cker, Carl Friedrich, Freiherr von (German physicist and philosopher)

    Carl Friedrich, Freiherr (Baron) von Weizs?cker, German theoretical physicist and philosopher (born June 28, 1912 , Kiel, Ger.—died April 28, 2007 , Starnberg, Ger.), was a member of the team that sought to develop an atomic bomb for Nazi Germany; he later was one of the “G?ttingen 18,” scientists

  • Weizs?cker, Richard von (German statesman)

    Richard von Weizs?cker, (Richard, Freiherr [baron] von Weizs?cker), German statesman (born April 15, 1920, Stuttgart, Ger.—died Jan. 31, 2015, Berlin, Ger.), served as president of West Germany (1984–90) and as the first president of reunified Germany (1990–94); he used the pulpit thus afforded to

  • weka (bird)

    New Zealand: Plant and animal life: Wekas and takahes (barely rescued from extinction) probably became flightless after their ancestors’ arrival on the islands millions of years ago. The pukeko, a swamp hen related to the weka, moves primarily by walking and swimming; though it can fly, it does so only with…

  • Wekwerth, Manfred (German theatre director)

    Manfred Wekwerth, German theatre director (born Dec. 3, 1929, K?then, Saxony, Ger.—died July 16, 2014, Berlin, Ger.), was a distinguished director in East Germany and a key figure in the endurance of interest in Bertolt Brecht’s plays and theory of epic theatre. Wekwerth’s career in the theatre

  • Weland the Smith (medieval literary figure)

    Wayland the Smith, in Scandinavian, German, and Anglo-Saxon legend, a smith of outstanding skill. He was, according to some legends, a lord of the elves. His story is told in the V?lundarkvida, one of the poems in the 13th-century Icelandic Elder, or Poetic, Edda, and, with variations, in the

  • Welawa, Treaty of (Poland [1657])

    Treaty of Wehlau, (Sept. 19, 1657), agreement in which John Casimir, king of Poland from 1648 to 1668, renounced the suzerainty of the Polish crown over ducal Prussia and made Frederick William, who was the duke of Prussia as well as the elector of Brandenburg (1640–88), the duchy’s sovereign

  • Welby, Justin (archbishop of Canterbury)

    Justin Welby, 105th archbishop of Canterbury (2013– ) and leader of the Anglican Communion, the worldwide body of Anglican Christian churches in communion with the see of Canterbury. Welby’s parents, Gavin Welby and Jane Welby (née Portal), divorced when Justin was three years old. Both were then

  • Welby, Justin Prior (archbishop of Canterbury)

    Justin Welby, 105th archbishop of Canterbury (2013– ) and leader of the Anglican Communion, the worldwide body of Anglican Christian churches in communion with the see of Canterbury. Welby’s parents, Gavin Welby and Jane Welby (née Portal), divorced when Justin was three years old. Both were then

  • Welch (West Virginia, United States)

    Welch, city, seat of McDowell county, southern West Virginia, U.S., at the confluence of Elkhorn Creek and Tug Fork. Settled in 1885, it was named for I.A. Welch, an early settler. The county seat was moved there from Perryville in 1891. There were no bridges or wagons in this extremely mountainous

  • Welch, Adam Cleghorn (British biblical scholar)

    Adam Cleghorn Welch, one of the greatest Scottish biblical scholars. The son of a United Presbyterian missionary, he attended Edinburgh University (1879–83) and the United Presbyterian Hall (1883–85), spending the summer term of 1885 at Erlangen, Ger. As minister of Waterbeck (1887–92), Helensburgh

  • Welch, Bob (American musician)

    Fleetwood Mac: …1943, Birmingham, West Midlands, England), Bob Welch (b. August 31, 1945, Los Angeles, California, U.S.—d. June 7, 2012, Nashville, Tennessee), Stevie Nicks (b. May 26, 1948, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.), and Lindsey Buckingham (b. October 3, 1947, Palo Alto, California).

  • Welch, Denton (British artist and writer)

    Denton Welch, English painter and novelist chiefly remembered for two imaginative novels of adolescence, Maiden Voyage (1943) and In Youth Is Pleasure (1944). Welch was educated at Repton School in Derbyshire. After a visit to China he studied painting at the Goldsmith School of Art. In 1935, while

  • Welch, Elisabeth Margaret (British-American singer)

    Elisabeth Margaret Welch, American-born British musical theatre and cabaret singer (born Feb. 27, 1904, New York, N.Y.—died July 15, 2003, Northolt, Middlesex, Eng.), was known for her show-stopping performances in plays by Cole Porter, Ivor Novello, and No?l Coward. Welch began her career in New Y

  • Welch, Florence (British singer-songwriter)

    Florence Welch, British singer-songwriter who, as the lead singer of Florence + the Machine, won popular success and critical acclaim beginning in 2009 with soaring vocals and a captivating theatrical stage presence. Welch was the oldest of three children in an upper-middle-class family in south

  • Welch, Florence Leontine Mary (British singer-songwriter)

    Florence Welch, British singer-songwriter who, as the lead singer of Florence + the Machine, won popular success and critical acclaim beginning in 2009 with soaring vocals and a captivating theatrical stage presence. Welch was the oldest of three children in an upper-middle-class family in south

  • Welch, James (American author)

    American literature: Multicultural writing: …the Pulitzer Prize in 1969, James Welch’s Winter in the Blood (1974) and Fools Crow (1986), Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony (1977), and Louise Erdrich’s Love Medicine (1984), The Beet Queen (1986), and The Antelope Wife (1998) were powerful and ambiguous explorations of Native American history and identity. Mexican Americans were

  • Welch, Joseph Nye (United States army counsel)

    Joseph McCarthy: …truculent interrogative tactics—which famously prompted Joseph Nye Welch, special counsel for the army, to ask McCarthy, “Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?”—discredited him and helped to turn the tide of public opinion against him.

  • Welch, Laura Lane (American first lady)

    Laura Welch Bush, American first lady (2001–09), the wife of George W. Bush, 43rd president of the United States. Laura Welch was the only child of Harold Welch, a home builder, and Jenna Hawkins Welch. Her parents placed a high priority on Laura’s education and fostered her interest in reading.

  • Welch, Raquel (American actress)

    Fantastic Voyage: As the scientist Cora, Raquel Welch appeared in one of her first leading roles.

  • Welch, Robert H. W., Jr. (American politician)

    John Birch Society: 9, 1958, by Robert H.W. Welch, Jr. (1899–1985), a retired Boston candy manufacturer, for the purpose of combating communism and promoting various ultraconservative causes. The name derives from John Birch, an American Baptist missionary and U.S. Army intelligence officer who was killed by Chinese communists on Aug. 25,…

  • Welch, Vera Margaret (English singer)

    Vera Lynn, English singer whose sentimental material and wholesome stage persona endeared her to the public during World War II. Broadcasts of her songs of love and longing were particularly resonant with members of the military fighting abroad, which led to her nickname, “the Forces’ Sweetheart.”

  • Welch, William Henry (American physician)

    William Henry Welch, American pathologist who played a major role in the introduction of modern medical practice and education to the United States while directing the rise of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, to a leading position among the nation’s medical centres. Undertaking graduate medical

  • Welcker, Friedrich Gottlieb (German scholar)

    classical scholarship: The new German humanism: …study of antiquity, as was F.G. Welcker (1784–1868), who applied deep knowledge of Greek art and religion to the interpretation of literature and did much to shape the wider conception of the study of antiquity that was now coming to maturity.

  • Welcome (drinking vessel)

    metalwork: 16th century to modern: …of vessel was called the Welcome, a drinking vessel that was handed around as a form of greeting or when a toast was being drunk. The body of these vessels was generally cylindrical or potbellied, with a lid and a short shaft set on a circular base.

  • Welcome Back, Kotter (American television series)

    John Travolta: …debut of the TV series Welcome Back, Kotter in 1975. In that high-school sitcom he played Vinnie Barbarino, the head of the “sweathogs” (a group of high-school students in a remedial class); the show ran until 1979. Travolta cemented his status with the 1976 chart hit “Let Her In” and…

  • Welcome Home (film by Schaffner [1989])

    Franklin J. Schaffner: …release, and moviegoers largely ignored Welcome Home (1989), a drama about a soldier (Kris Kristofferson) who is mistakenly thought to have been killed during the Vietnam War. Schaffner died of lung cancer shortly before the latter film’s release.

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