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  • Western Australian Shield (geological feature, Australia)

    Australia: The Western Plateau: The Precambrian western core area, known geologically as a shield or craton, is subdivided by long, straight (or only slightly bowed) fractures called lineaments. Those fractures, most obvious in the north and west, delineate prominent rectangular or rhomboidal blocks, some of which have been…

  • Western Austronesian languages

    Indonesian languages, broadly, the Austronesian languages of island Southeast Asia as a whole, including the languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines, and Taiwan, and the outlying areas of Madagascar and of Palau and the Mariana Islands of western Micronesia. A more restricted

  • western balsam poplar (tree)

    poplar: Common species: The western balsam poplar, also called black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), grows some 60 metres (195 feet) tall and is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America.

  • Western Bancorporation (American bank holding company)

    First Interstate Bancorp, once one of the largest American multibank holding corporations. The corporation was formed in 1957 as Firstamerica Corporation and started operations in 1958 when it acquired all of the directly held shares of Transamerica Corporation’s stock in banks in which

  • western bleeding heart (plant)

    bleeding heart: The Pacific, or western, bleeding heart (D. formosa) of mountain woods, which ranges from California to British Columbia, has several varieties of garden interest. Dutchman’s breeches (D. cucullaria) is found throughout eastern North America.

  • western bluebird (bird)

    conservation: Calculating background extinction rates: …pairs of sister taxa including western and eastern bluebirds (Sialia mexicana and S. sialis), red-shafted and yellow-shafted flickers (both considered subspecies of Colaptes auratus), and ruby-throated and black-chinned hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris and A. alexandri). According to the rapid-speciation

  • Western Boundary Undercurrent (Atlantic Ocean)

    Gulf Stream: Movement and physical features: There it crosses the Western Boundary Undercurrent, which consists of cold, southward-flowing water that sinks to considerable depths in the vicinity of Greenland. About 1,500 miles (2,400 km) northeast of Cape Hatteras, in the area of the Grand Banks, the warm Gulf Stream waters come close to the cold,…

  • western bracken (fern)

    bracken: Hairy, or western, bracken (subspecies P. aquilinum pubescens) grows from Alaska to Mexico and east to Wyoming, Colorado, and Texas. Eastern bracken (subspecies P. aquilinum latiusculum), growing also in northern Europe and eastern Asia, occurs from Newfoundland to Minnesota

  • western brown snake (snake)

    brown snake: …in the genus are the western brown snake (P. nuchalis) and the dugite (P. affinis).

  • Western Bug (river, Europe)

    Bug River, tributary of the Vistula River, rising in western Ukraine on the slopes of the Volyn-Podolsk Upland in Lviv oblast (province). The river has a length of 516 miles (830 km) and a drainage area of 28,367 square miles (73,470 square km). Excepting its extreme upper course, the Bug flows

  • Western Bulgarian language

    Slavic languages: The Eastern subgroup: Bulgarian and Macedonian: …of the 19th century, and Western Bulgarian, which influenced the literary language. Bulgarian texts prepared before the 16th century were written mostly in an archaic language that preserved some features of both Old Bulgarian or Old Church Slavonic (10th to 11th century) and Middle Bulgarian (beginning in the 12th century).

  • western burning bush (plant)

    burning bush: The western burning bush (E. occidentalis), up to 5.5 metres (18 feet) tall, is found along the western coastal United States. The winged spindle tree, or winged euonymus (E. alatus), is often called burning bush. A shrub growing to a height of 2.5 metres (8 feet),…

  • Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages, The (work by Bloom)

    Harold Bloom: …reflected in his best-known work, The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages (1994), which rejects the multiculturalism prevalent in late 20th-century academia. He once said of multiculturalism that “it means fifth-rate work by people full of resentment.” In an interview published in 1995, Bloom reflected on the…

  • Western Cape (province, South Africa)

    Western Cape, province, South Africa, situated in the southern extremity of the African continent. The provincial capital, Cape Town, is also the country’s legislative capital. Western Cape province was part of former Cape of Good Hope province until 1994. Coastline fronting the Atlantic and Indian

  • Western Carpathians (mountains, Europe)

    Europe: Elevations: …feet [2,655 metres]) in the Western Carpathians, and Mount Moldoveanu (8,346 feet [2,544 metres]) in the Transylvanian Alps. Above all, in southern Europe—Austria and Switzerland included—level, low-lying land is scarce, and mountain, plateau, and hill landforms dominate.

  • Western Central Airlines (American company)

    Northwest Airlines, Inc.: In 1986 Northwest purchased Republic Airlines, Inc., thereby acquiring routes to Mexico and the Caribbean.

  • Western Cham (people)

    Cambodia: Ethnic groups: …early 21st century was the Cham-Malay group. Known in Cambodia as Khmer Islam or Western Cham, the Cham-Malay group also maintained a high degree of ethnic homogeneity and was discriminated against under the regime of Democratic Kampuchea. Receiving only slightly better treatment than the Khmer Islam during that period were…

  • western chicken flea (insect)

    flea: Importance: …the United States, by the western chicken flea (Ceratophyllus niger).

  • western chokecherry (plant)

    chokecherry: …with yellow or crimson fruit; western chokecherry (P. virginiana, variety demissa), with a fuzzy underleaf and dark red fruit; and black chokecherry (P. virginiana, variety melanocarpa), with black fruit.

  • Western Climate Initiative (international agreement)

    environmental economics: Future directions: …such agreement, known as the Western Climate Initiative, was developed in February 2007. A voluntary agreement between seven U.S. states and four Canadian provinces, it strives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 15 percent (as compared with 2005 emissions levels) by the year 2020.

  • Western Colorado University (university, Gunnison, Colorado, United States)

    Western Colorado University, public coeducational institution of higher learning in Gunnison, Colorado, U.S. A liberal arts university, Western Colorado offers bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. The university provides a general education program that includes requirements in basic skills and

  • Western Conference (ice hockey)

    National Hockey League:

  • Western Cordillera (mountains, North America)

    Canada: The Western Cordillera: The Cordilleran region comprises a series of mountain belts some 500 miles (800 km) wide along Canada’s Pacific coast. The great heights and angularity of the peaks, many of which rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), indicate that these are much…

  • Western Cordillera (mountains, Bolivia)

    mountain: The Andes: …of two parallel ranges, the Cordillera Occidental (or Western Cordillera) and the Cordillera Oriental (or Eastern Cordillera), which surround the high plateau, the Altiplano.

  • Western Craton (geological feature, Australia)

    Australia: The Western Plateau: The Precambrian western core area, known geologically as a shield or craton, is subdivided by long, straight (or only slightly bowed) fractures called lineaments. Those fractures, most obvious in the north and west, delineate prominent rectangular or rhomboidal blocks, some of which have been…

  • Western Dakota (people)

    Black Hills: …and sacred territory of the Western Sioux Indians. At least portions of the region were also sacred to other Native American peoples—including the Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Arapaho—and the area had also been inhabited by the Crow. Rights to the region were guaranteed to Sioux and Arapaho by the Second Treaty…

  • Western dance

    Western dance, history of Western dance from ancient times to the present and including the development of ballet, the waltz, and various types of modern dance. The peoples of the West—of Europe and of the countries founded through permanent European settlement elsewhere—have a history of dance

  • Western Darfur (historical region and former province, Sudan)

    Darfur, (Arabic: “Land of the Fur”) historical region of the Billād al-Sūdān (Arabic: “Land of the Blacks”), roughly corresponding to the westernmost portion of present-day Sudan. It lay between Kordofan to the east and Wadai to the west and extended southward to the Al-Ghazāl (Gazelle) River and

  • Western Desert (desert, Australia)

    Great Sandy Desert, arid wasteland of northern Western Australia that is Australia’s second largest desert, after the Great Victoria Desert. It extends from Eighty Mile Beach on the Indian Ocean eastward into Northern Territory and from Kimberley Downs southward to the Tropic of Capricorn and the

  • Western Desert (desert, Egypt)

    Egypt: Relief: …flows into two unequal sections—the Western Desert, between the river and the Libyan frontier, and the Eastern Desert, extending to the Suez Canal, the Gulf of Suez, and the Red Sea. Each of the two has a distinctive character, as does the third and smallest of the Egyptian deserts, the…

  • western desert taipan (snake)

    taipan: A third species, the Central Ranges or western desert taipan (O. temporalis), was discovered in the central mountain ranges of Western Australia in 2006; its life history and habits await more detailed study.

  • western diamondback rattlesnake (reptile)

    rattlesnake: …States, and the eastern and western diamondbacks (C. adamanteus and C. atrox). These are also the largest rattlers. Twenty-six other species also belong to the genus Crotalus, including the small North American sidewinder (C. cerastes). The other three species belong to a more primitive genus, Sistrurus, which includes the North

  • Western Duars (region, India)

    Duars: …the Sankosh River into the Western and Eastern Duars. Both were ceded by Bhutan to the British at the end of the Bhutan War (1864–65). The Eastern Duars, in western Assam state, comprises a level plain intersected by numerous rivers and only slightly populated. The Western Duars lies in northern…

  • Western Dvina River (river, Europe)

    Western Dvina River, major river of Latvia and northern Belarus. It rises in the Valdai Hills and flows 632 miles (1,020 km) in a great arc south and southwest through Russia and Belarus and then turns northwest prior to crossing Latvia. It discharges into the Gulf of Riga on the Baltic Sea. Its

  • Western Electric Company Inc. (American company)

    Western Electric Company Inc., American telecommunications manufacturer that throughout most of its history was under the control of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T). It was the major manufacturer of a broad range of telephone equipment: telephones, wires and cables, electronic

  • Western Electric Manufacturing Company (American company)

    Western Electric Company Inc., American telecommunications manufacturer that throughout most of its history was under the control of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T). It was the major manufacturer of a broad range of telephone equipment: telephones, wires and cables, electronic

  • Western Engineer (United States steamboat)

    Mississippi River: Development of the river’s commerce: In 1820 the Western Engineer probed up the Missouri. In 1823 the Virginia churned its way up to Fort Snelling at the junction of the Mississippi with the Minnesota River. The steamboats brought an era of unprecedented prosperity to the river. Town after town sprang up, dependent on…

  • Western Eskimo (people)

    Yupik, indigenous Arctic people traditionally residing in Siberia, Saint Lawrence Island and the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea and Bering Strait, and Alaska. They are culturally related to the Chukchi and the Inuit, or Eastern Eskimo, of Canada and Greenland. The traditional economic activity

  • Western Eskimo language

    Yupik language, the western division of the Eskimo languages, spoken in southwestern Alaska and in

  • western European hedgehog (mammal)

    hedgehog: 5 pounds), but the common western European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) can grow to 1,100 grams. Body length is 14 to 30 cm (5.5 to 12 inches), and there is a stumpy and sparsely furred tail measuring 1 to 6 cm. In addition to the three species of Eurasian hedgehogs (genus…

  • Western European Union (European defense organization)

    Western European Union (WEU), former association (1955–2011) of 10 countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom) that operated as a forum for the coordination of matters of European security and defense. It contributed to

  • Western Federation of Miners (labour organization)

    organized labour: Challenges to pure-and-simple unionism: …dominated by radicals from the Western Federation of Miners, drove out the socialists and committed itself to a syndicalist version of class war, in which political action was excluded. Struggle would centre on direct industrial action and ultimately on the revolutionary general strike, and out of that would emerge a…

  • Western flowering dogwood (plant)

    dogwood: The Pacific, or mountain, dogwood (C. nuttallii) resembles the flowering dogwood with minor differences. A few shrubby species are planted for their variegated leaves and colourful twigs—which can be red, purple, or yellow—and as food for game.

  • Western Front (World War II)

    D-Day in pictures: …of paratroopers descended on the Normandy countryside behind the German defenses. At about 6:30 am some 3,000 Allied landing craft began discharging men onto a stretch of beaches between Cherbourg and Le Havre. The Allied plan was to seize a beachhead within range of fighter coverage from air bases in…

  • Western Front (World War I)

    Christmas Truce: …cease-fire that occurred along the Western Front during World War I. The pause in fighting was not universally observed, nor had it been sanctioned by commanders on either side, but, along some two-thirds of the 30-mile (48-km) front controlled by the British Expeditionary Force, the guns fell silent for a…

  • Western Ganga dynasty (Indian dynasties)

    Ganga dynasty, either of two distinct but remotely related Indian dynasties. The Western Gangas ruled in Mysore state (Gangavadi) from about 250 to about 1004 ce. The Eastern Gangas ruled Kalinga from 1028 to 1434–35. The first ruler of the Western Gangas, Konganivarman, carved out a kingdom by

  • Western Ghats (mountains, India)

    Anai Peak: Located in the Western Ghats range, it rises to 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) and is peninsular India’s highest peak. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. Several rivers, including the Periyar and Amaravati,…

  • western giant eland (subspecies of mammal)

    eland: The highly endangered western giant eland (T. derbianus derbianus) has been reduced to at most a few hundred animals. Without effective protection in its last refuges in Senegal’s Niokolo-Koba National Park and an adjacent game reserve, the only hope for this subspecies’ survival is a captive breeding program.

  • western gorilla (primate)

    gorilla: The western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) is made up of two subspecies: the western lowland gorilla (G. gorilla gorilla), which inhabits the lowland rainforests from Cameroon to the Congo River, and the Cross River gorilla (G. gorilla diehli), which inhabits a small forested region along the Cross…

  • western gray kangaroo (marsupial)

    kangaroo: Descriptions of selected species: It is replaced by the western gray kangaroo (M. fuliginosus) along the southern coast into the southwest of Western Australia. The ranges of the two species overlap in western New South Wales and western Victoria. Both species, but especially the eastern, prefer lightly forested country, at least for refuge, but…

  • western grebe (bird)

    grebe: Mating behaviour: …the rushing display of the western grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis). In nearly all courtship ceremonies, the roles of the sexes are interchangeable. The same is true of the precopulatory displays, and reverse mounting has been reported for all species that have been thoroughly studied. Courtship feeding, where one bird feeds another,…

  • Western gull (bird)

    gull: The California gull (L. californicus) of North America breeds inland and winters on the Pacific coast. This species is credited with having saved the crops of early Mormon settlers in the Salt Lake City region from destruction by the Mormon cricket, a long-horned grasshopper; it is…

  • Western Han dynasty (Chinese history)

    China: Xi (Western) Han: Since at least as early as the Shang dynasty, the Chinese had been accustomed to acknowledging the temporal and spiritual authority of a single leader and its transmission within a family, at first from brother to brother and later from father to…

  • western hartebeest (mammal)

    hartebeest: The largest hartebeest is the western hartebeest (A. buselaphus tora), which weighs 228 kg (502 pounds) and stands 143 cm (56 inches) tall. Females are 12 percent smaller than males, with smaller but similarly shaped horns.

  • Western Health Reform Institute (sanitarium, Battle Creek, Michigan, United States)

    breakfast cereal: …Reform Institute, later renamed the Battle Creek Sanitarium, in Battle Creek, Mich. The entrepreneurial possibilities of the ground, thin-baked cereal dough served to the Sanitarium’s patients inspired two men, C.W. Post and W.K. Kellogg, each to found his own business. In the late 20th century the ready-to-eat breakfast cereal industry…

  • Western Hemisphere (geography)

    Western Hemisphere, part of Earth comprising North and South America and the surrounding waters. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries. Some geographers, however, define the Western Hemisphere as being the half of Earth that lies west of the Greenwich meridian (prime

  • Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (education and training facility, Fort Benning, Georgia)

    Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHINSEC), U.S. education and training facility for civilian, military, and law-enforcement personnel from Western Hemisphere countries. It is run by the U.S. Department of Defense and is based at Fort Benning, Georgia. The Western Hemisphere

  • western hemlock (tree)

    hemlock: The western hemlock (T. heterophylla), also known as hemlock fir and Prince Albert’s fir, is a timber tree often 60 metres (200 feet) tall, with a trunk 1.8 to 3 metres (6 to 10 feet) in diameter. Its wood is superior to that of all other…

  • Western Highlands (physical region, Ethiopia)

    Ethiopian Plateau: They consist of the rugged Western Highlands and the more limited Eastern Highlands. The two sections are separated by the vast Eastern Rift Valley, which cuts across Ethiopia from southwest to northeast. The Western Highlands extend from central Eritrea and northern Ethiopia to the basin of Lake Rudolf in the…

  • western Himalayas (mountains, Asia)

    Western Himalayas, westernmost section of the vast Himalayas mountain range. It lies mainly in the disputed Kashmir region of the northern Indian subcontinent—including portions administered by India and Pakistan—and also in the northwestern part of Himachal Pradesh state, India. In all, the

  • western honeybee (insect)

    beekeeping: Colony collapse disorder: …appears to affect only the European honeybee (Apis mellifera).

  • Western Ibibio (people)

    Ibibio: (Eket), Delta (Andoni-Ibeno), Western (Anang), and Eastern (the Ibibio proper).

  • Western Illinois State College (university, Macomb, Illinois, United States)

    Western Illinois University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Macomb, Illinois, U.S. It was established in 1899 as Western Illinois State Normal School. Instruction began in 1902. The school evolved into a four-year teachers college in 1921. It became Western Illinois State

  • Western Illinois State Normal School (university, Macomb, Illinois, United States)

    Western Illinois University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Macomb, Illinois, U.S. It was established in 1899 as Western Illinois State Normal School. Instruction began in 1902. The school evolved into a four-year teachers college in 1921. It became Western Illinois State

  • Western Illinois University (university, Macomb, Illinois, United States)

    Western Illinois University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Macomb, Illinois, U.S. It was established in 1899 as Western Illinois State Normal School. Instruction began in 1902. The school evolved into a four-year teachers college in 1921. It became Western Illinois State

  • Western Indian bronze (Indian art)

    Western Indian bronze, any of a style of metal sculpture that flourished in India during the 6th to the 12th century and later, mainly in the area of modern Gujarāt and Rājasthān states. The bronzes are, for the most part, images of the Jaina faith—representations of the saviour figures and ritual

  • Western Indian painting (Indian art)

    Western Indian painting, a highly conservative style of Indian miniature painting largely devoted to the illustration of Jaina religious texts of the 12th–16th century. Though examples of the school are most numerous from Gujarāt state, paintings in Western Indian style have also been found in U

  • Western Inland Lock Navigation Company (American company)

    Erie Canal: Design and construction: In 1792 the Western Inland Lock Navigation Company was incorporated by the state of New York and given the rights to improve navigation on rivers and lakes west of Albany. Under the leadership of Philip Schuyler, the company focused most of its activity on the Mohawk River, clearing…

  • Western Inscription (adage by Zhang Zai)

    Confucianism: The Song masters: …he pronounced in the “Western Inscription”:

  • Western Intercollegiate Conference (American athletic conference)

    Big Ten Conference, one of the oldest college athletic conferences in the United States, formed in 1896 by the Universities of Chicago, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin and Purdue and Northwestern universities. The University of Iowa and Indiana University were added in 1899 and Ohio

  • Western Intermontane Plateau (region, North America)

    community ecology: Specialization in grazing: …the grasslands of the upper Intermontane West (which roughly includes eastern Washington and Oregon) have never supported these large grazing herds. The Great Plains had grasses that formed sods and could withstand trampling by large-hooved mammals. These sods were so tightly interwoven that early European settlers cut them to use…

  • Western Interprovincial Football Union (Canadian organization)

    Canadian Football League: …Football Council, created by the Western Interprovincial Football Union (WIFU) and the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (IRFU). Though the IRFU still referred to their sport as rugby football, the member clubs played a gridiron style of football. The WIFU and IRFU became, respectively, the Western and Eastern conferences of the…

  • Western Isles (council area, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Western Isles, council area of Scotland, in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwestern coast of the Scottish mainland, comprising the islands of the Outer Hebrides. Lewis, the northern part of the principal island of Lewis and Harris, is part of the historic county of Ross-shire in the historic region

  • Western Jin (Chinese dynasty [265-316/317])

    Xi Jin, first phase of the Jin dynasty (265–420 ce), ruling China from 265 to 316/317 and constituting one of the Six

  • western jumping mouse (rodent)

    jumping mouse: The meadow, Pacific, and western jumping mice (Zapus hudsonius, Z. trinotatus, and Z. princeps, respectively) range over much of North America, in grasslands as well as riverine and wet meadow habitats of cool and moist forests. The only species found outside North America is the Sichuan jumping mouse (Eozapus…

  • Western Kentucky University (university, Bowling Green, Kentucky, United States)

    Western Kentucky University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Bowling Green, Kentucky, U.S. It comprises five colleges: Potter College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences; Gordon Ford College of Business; the College of Education and Behavioral Sciences; Ogden College of

  • western kingbird (bird)

    kingbird: The western kingbird (T. verticalis), found westward from the Great Plains, is light gray above and yellow below, with whitish edges on the outermost tail feathers. Both species have a red spot (usually concealed) on the crown.

  • western kob (mammal subspecies)

    kob: …are three distinct subspecies: the western kob (Kobus kob kob), the Uganda kob (K. kob thomasi), and the white-eared kob (K. kob leucotis) of eastern South Sudan.

  • western larch (tree)

    larch: A taller species, the western larch (L. occidentalis) of the Pacific Northwest, has bracts that protrude beyond the cone scales.

  • Western League (baseball)

    American League (AL), one of the two associations in the United States and Canada of professional baseball teams designated as major leagues. It was founded as a minor league association in 1893 and was initially called the Western League. The Western League changed its name to the American League

  • Western Learning (Korean history)

    S?hak, (Korean: “Western Learning”), in Korean history, the study of Western culture, introduced into Korea from the Chinese Ming and Ch’ing dynasties in the 17th and 18th centuries. In a broad sense, the term S?hak refers to the study of Western thought, religion, ethics, science, and technology.

  • Western Liao (Central Asian dynasty)

    Yelü Dashi: …first emperor (1124–43) of the Xi (Western) Liao dynasty (1124–1211) of Central Asia.

  • Western literature

    Western literature, history of literatures in the languages of the Indo-European family, along with a small number of other languages whose cultures became closely associated with the West, from ancient times to the present. Diverse as they are, European literatures, like European languages, are

  • western long-beaked echidna (monotreme)

    echidna: Long-beaked echidnas: …other respects it resembles the western long-beaked echidna (Z. bruijnii). The species inhabits a tiny pocket of highland forest near Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia. At present, there is too little known about Sir David’s long-beaked echidna to describe its habits in any detail.

  • Western Longmyndian (geological region, United Kingdom)

    Longmyndian: …major subdivisions are recognized: the Western Longmyndian and the underlying Eastern Longmyndian. The Western Longmyndian consists of the Wentnor Series, purple sandstones, conglomerates, and some greenish siltstones and shales; thicknesses of about 4,800 metres (15,700 feet) of Wentnor rocks have been measured. The Eastern Longmyndian is subdivided into the overlying…

  • western lowland gorilla (primate)

    primate: Distribution and abundance: The estimated number of western lowland gorillas (G. gorilla gorilla), a species thought to be critically endangered, increased when a population of more than 100,000 was discovered in 2008 in the swamps of the Lac Télé Community Reserve in the Republic of the Congo.

  • Western Lowlands (region, Ethiopia)

    Ethiopia: Relief: …are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia. The most spectacular portion is the North Central massifs; these form the roof of Ethiopia, with elevations ranging from 14,872…

  • western lubber grasshopper (insect)

    short-horned grasshopper: The western lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna), also called the buffalo grasshopper because of its size, has much smaller, pinkish wings. The slender grasshopper (Leptysma marginicollis), found in the southern United States, has clear wings. Melanoplus, the largest short-horned grasshopper genus, contains many of the most common…

  • Western Madurese (language)

    Madurese language: include Eastern, or Sumenep, and Western, including Bangkalan and Pamekasan. Sumenep is the standard dialect for educational purposes.

  • Western Malayo-Polynesian languages

    Austronesian languages: Western Malayo-Polynesian (WMP): Although Western Malayo-Polynesian is a convenient cover term for the Austronesian languages of the Philippines, western Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Java-Bali-Lombok, Sulawesi), mainland Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and at least Chamorro and Palauan in western Micronesia, it is in effect a catchall category for…

  • Western Marxism

    Western philosophy: Western Marxism: The framework of 19th-century Marxism, augmented by philosophical suggestions from Lenin, served as the starting point of all philosophizing in the Soviet Union and its eastern European satellites. Much of Lenin’s thinking was also devoted to more-practical issues, however, such as tactics of…

  • western meadowlark (bird)

    meadowlark: …eastern Canada to Brazil, the western meadowlark (S. neglecta) from western Canada to Mexico (introduced to Hawaii). The former has a simple four-note whistle and the latter an intricate fluting. Meadowlarks consume insects in summer and weed seeds in fall and winter. The nest is a grass dome hidden in…

  • Western Michigan University (university, Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States)

    Western Michigan University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S. It comprises Haworth College of Business, the Graduate College, Lee Honors College, and colleges of arts and sciences, aviation, education, engineering and applied sciences, fine arts, and

  • Western Mind, The (work by Randall)

    John Herman Randall, Jr.: In his first major work, The Western Mind, 2 vol. (1924), revised and reissued as The Making of the Modern Mind (1926), Randall reconstructed the times and conditions, as well as the historical experience and traditions, that gave rise to certain philosophical systems. His Career of Philosophy in Modern Times,…

  • Western Monastery (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    City of Westminster, inner borough of London, England. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames at the heart of London’s West End. The City of Westminster is flanked to the west by Kensington and Chelsea and to the east by the City of London. It belongs to the historic county of Middlesex. The

  • Western Mongolian languages

    Mongolian languages: The Eastern and Western groups: …dialects of Inner Mongolia) and Western Mongolian (Oirat and Kalmyk) occurred at a later stage than that between the peripheral, archaizing languages and the central group. So many features—the loss of initial /h/, reduction of vowel sequences to long vowels, development of rounded vowels in noninitial syllables, assimilation of /i/…

  • Western Mono (people)

    Mono: The Western Mono, who resided in the pine belt of the Sierra Nevada mountains, had a culture similar to that of the nearby Yokuts. The Owens Valley Paiute (previously called the Eastern Mono) were more similar to their neighbours from the Great Basin culture area.

  • Western music

    Western music, music produced in Europe as well as those musics derived from the European from ancient times to the present day. All ancient civilizations entered historical times with a flourishing musical culture. That the earliest writers explained it in terms of legend and myth strongly

  • western native cat (marsupial)

    native cat: The western native cat (D. geoffroii) of the savannahs of southwestern and central Australia is almost the same size but has a relatively longer tail. The northern native cat (D. hallucatus) of tropical regions is generally smaller, as is the New Guinea native cat (D. albopunctatus),…

  • Western New Guinea (province, Indonesia)

    Papua, propinsi (or provinsi; province) of Indonesia, spanning roughly the eastern three-fourths of the western half of the island of New Guinea as well as a number of offshore islands—notably, Sorenarwa (Yapen), Yos Sudarso (Dolak), and the Schouten Islands. Papua is bounded by the Pacific Ocean

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