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  • Western New York Flash (American soccer team)

    Abby Wambach: …partner and teammate on the Western New York Flash in the newly formed National Women’s Soccer League. In 2016, however, the couple divorced. Later that year Wambach released the memoir Forward, in which she discussed her struggles with alcohol and prescription drugs. In 2017 she married author and blogger Glennon…

  • Western Niantic (people)

    Niantic: The Western Niantic lived on the seacoast from Niantic Bay, just west of New London, to the Connecticut River. Once one tribe, they were apparently split by the migration of the Pequot into their area.

  • Western Numic languages

    Great Basin Indian: Language: Western Numic languages are spoken by the Owens Valley Paiute (Eastern Mono), several Northern Paiute groups, and the Bannock. Central Numic languages are spoken by the Panamint (Koso) and several Shoshone groups, including the Gosiute, Timbisha, Western Shoshone, and Comanche

  • Western Oder River (river, Poland)

    Oder River: Physiography: …left canalized branch, called the Western Oder, passes through Szczecin and enters the Szczecin Lagoon directly, while the right branch, the Eastern Oder (in its final section called the Regalica), passes east of Szczecin via the large Lake D?bie and then also enters the Szczecin Lagoon.

  • western omelet (food)

    Denver omelet, an omelet with ham, onion, and bell pepper; cheese is sometimes included. Historians have speculated that the dish was originally served on bread as a sandwich, created by 19th-century cattle drivers in the American West or by Chinese railroad cooks as a sort of transportable egg foo

  • Western Ontario, University of (university, London, Ontario, Canada)

    University of Western Ontario, Public university in London, Ontario, Canada, founded in 1878. It has faculties of applied health sciences, arts, business administration, dentistry, education, engineering, graduate studies, journalism, law, library science, medicine, music, nursing, science, and

  • Western Pacific Order in Council (United Kingdom [1877])

    Pacific Islands: Foreign intervention and control: The British responded with the Western Pacific Order in Council (1877), which granted the governor of Fiji authority over British nationals and vessels in a wide area of the western Pacific. The problem still remained, however, of non-British nationals in islands that had neither native kings nor European governors, especially…

  • Western Pacific Railroad (United States railroad)

    railroad: The transcontinental railroad: …the last transcontinental line, the Western Pacific Railroad to Oakland, Calif., was opened.

  • Western Pahari languages

    Pahari languages: …spoken in Uttarakhand state; and Western Pahari, found around Simla in Himachal Pradesh state. The most important language is Nepali (Naipali), also called Khas-kura and Gorkhali (Gurkhali). Because many of the inhabitants of Nepal speak Tibeto-Burman languages, Nepali has borrowed many Tibeto-Burman idioms. The Nepali language was taken to Nepal…

  • Western Panjabi language (Indo-Aryan language)

    Lahnda language, group of Indo-Aryan dialects spoken in and around the western districts of Punjab province in Pakistan. The Punjabi word lahnda, literally meaning “west,” was first used in this sense by Irish linguist Sir George Grierson in the Linguistic Survey of India (1903–28) as a convenient

  • western paper birch (plant)

    paper birch: The western paper birch (B. papyrifera variety commutata) of Canada and the western U.S. is about 30 m tall, with orange-brown to nearly white bark; the smaller northwestern paper birch of western North America (variety subcordata) is 18 m high and has orange-brown to silver-gray bark,…

  • Western Paradise (Buddhist belief)

    Sukhavati, (Sanskrit: literally “Land of Bliss” or “Pure Land of Bliss”; often translated as “Pure Land”) in the Pure Land schools of Mahayana Buddhism, the Western Paradise of the Buddha Amitabha, described in the Pure Land sutras (Sukhavati-vyuha-sutras). According to followers of the Pure Land

  • Western Pennsylvania Medical College (college, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States)

    University of Pittsburgh: …chartered in 1886 as the Western Pennsylvania Medical College, joined the university in 1892. The school’s name was changed to the University of Pittsburgh in 1908. The central feature of the main campus is its Cathedral of Learning, a 42-story Gothic skyscraper. Notable alumni include dancer Gene Kelly, filmmaker Werner…

  • western phoebe (bird)

    phoebe: …of western North America is Say’s phoebe (S. saya), a slightly larger bird with buff-hued underparts.

  • western pipistrelle (mammal)

    pipistrelle: subflavus) and western (P. hesperus) pipistrelles of North America.

  • Western Plains Zoo (zoo, Australia)

    Taronga Zoo: …opened a drive-through park, the Western Plains Zoo, near Dubbo, about 300 miles (480 km) from Sydney. This zoo exhibits large marsupials, herds of ungulates, large flightless birds, and waterfowl.

  • Western Plateau (geological feature, Australia)

    Australia: The Western Plateau: The Precambrian western core area, known geologically as a shield or craton, is subdivided by long, straight (or only slightly bowed) fractures called lineaments. Those fractures, most obvious in the north and west, delineate prominent rectangular or rhomboidal blocks, some of which have been…

  • western poison oak (plant)

    poison oak: Pacific, or western, poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum) is found in western North America, ranging from Baja California, Mexico, to British Columbia, Canada. Atlantic poison oak (T. pubescens) is native to the southeastern United States and is commonly confused with poison ivy (T. radicans). These species…

  • western pond turtle (reptile)

    pond turtle: …best known are emydids: the Pacific, or western, pond turtle (Clemmys marmorata) and the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis).

  • Western Port (bay, Victoria, Australia)

    Western Port, circular bay, about 20 miles (32 km) across, indenting the south coast of Victoria, Australia, southeast of Melbourne. An inlet of Bass Strait, it is separated from Port Phillip Bay (12 miles [19 km] west) by Mornington Peninsula. Phillip Island (40 square miles [100 square km]) lies

  • Western Pyrenees (mountain range, Europe)

    Pyrenees: Physiography: …the Central Pyrenees, and the Western Pyrenees. The different vegetation, the linguistic divisions of the people, and—to a point—certain ethnic and cultural distinctions appear to confirm this classification.

  • Western Range (mountains, Colombia)

    Andes Mountains: …the Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Occidental—are characteristic of most of the system. The directional trend of both the cordilleras generally is north-south, but in several places the Cordillera Oriental bulges eastward to form either isolated peninsula-like ranges or such high intermontane plateau regions as the Altiplano (Spanish: “High Plateau”),…

  • Western red cedar (plant)

    Western red cedar, (Thuja plicata), an ornamental and timber evergreenconifer of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to the Pacific coast of North America. Western red cedar trees and shrubs are pyramidal in form. The trees may grow up to 60 metres (about 200 feet) tall and 6 metres in

  • Western Region (region, Paraguay)

    Paraguay: Land: …and the Región Occidental (Western Region), also called the Chaco Boreal.

  • Western Reserve (historical territory, United States)

    Western Reserve, in American history, territory of some 6,000 square miles (15,500 square km) along the southern shore of Lake Erie in what is now northeastern Ohio. After the Revolutionary War, when the United States was formed, most of the former colonies had claims to unsettled lands in the

  • Western Reserve College (university, Cleveland, Ohio, United States)

    Case Western Reserve University, independent, coeducational research university in Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. The university operates professional schools of law, medicine, and dentistry, as well as Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case School of Engineering, Mandel School of Applied Social

  • Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (university, Hiram, Ohio, United States)

    Hiram College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Hiram, Ohio, U.S., about 35 miles (55 km) southeast of Cleveland. It is a liberal arts college affiliated with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Along with B.A. degrees in arts, sciences, religion, philosophy,

  • Western Reserve University (university, Cleveland, Ohio, United States)

    Case Western Reserve University, independent, coeducational research university in Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. The university operates professional schools of law, medicine, and dentistry, as well as Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case School of Engineering, Mandel School of Applied Social

  • Western Rift Valley (rift, Africa)

    Western Rift Valley, (Africa), branch of the East African Rift System

  • western roe deer (mammal)

    roe deer: …species of roe deer: the European, or western, roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and the larger Siberian roe deer (C. pygargus). Despite their Old World distribution, roe deer are more closely related to New World deer than to Old World deer. They are well adapted to cold environments, and they range…

  • Western roll (athletics)

    Babe Didrikson Zaharias: …she had used the unorthodox Western roll to achieve the highest jump; she was awarded the silver medal instead. Her Olympic success brought her national attention, not all of which was complimentary. At the time, women were not encouraged to compete in sports, and Didrikson faced much sexism as well…

  • Western rolling blues

    Boogie-woogie, heavily percussive style of blues piano in which the right hand plays riffs (syncopated, repeating phrases) against a driving pattern of repeating eighth notes (ostinato bass). It began to appear at the beginning of the 20th century and was associated with the southwestern

  • Western saddle (riding equipment)

    saddle: The Western, sometimes called the Moorish, saddle has a high horn on the pommel, in front of the rider, which is useful for securing a lariat, and a large cantle, in back of the rider, to provide a firm seat for cattle-roping operations. The English, or…

  • Western Sahara (region, Africa)

    Western Sahara, territory occupying an extensive desert Atlantic-coastal area (97,344 square miles [252,120 square km]) of northwest Africa. It is composed of the geographic regions of Río de Oro (“River of Gold”), occupying the southern two-thirds of the region (between Cape Blanco and Cape

  • Western Samoa (island nation, Pacific Ocean)

    Samoa, country in the central South Pacific Ocean, among the westernmost of the island countries of Polynesia. According to legend, Samoa is known as the “Cradle of Polynesia” because Savai‘i island is said to be Hawaiki, the Polynesian homeland. Samoan culture is undoubtedly central to Polynesian

  • western sandwich (food)

    Denver omelet: The sandwich variety, called a Denver (or western) sandwich, is still common.

  • Western Schelde (estuary, Netherlands)

    Western Schelde, estuary, flowing westward for about 30 miles (50 km) through the Delta Islands in the southwestern Netherlands to the North Sea. The former islands of Walcheren and Zuid-Beveland (now a peninsula) are located to the north of the estuary. The Zeeuws Vlaanderen region, consisting

  • Western Scheldt (estuary, Netherlands)

    Western Schelde, estuary, flowing westward for about 30 miles (50 km) through the Delta Islands in the southwestern Netherlands to the North Sea. The former islands of Walcheren and Zuid-Beveland (now a peninsula) are located to the north of the estuary. The Zeeuws Vlaanderen region, consisting

  • Western Schism (Roman Catholic history)

    Western Schism, in the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the period from 1378 to 1417, when there were two, and later three, rival popes, each with his own following, his own Sacred College of Cardinals, and his own administrative offices. Shortly after the return of the papal residence to Rome

  • Western sclerophyllous scrub forest

    North America: The Western sclerophyllous scrub forest: In the hills of southern California and throughout much of the American Southwest, the Western sclerophyllous scrub forest occurs. There, the small trees and shrubs must be adapted both to dry, hot summers when the tropical continental air is dominant and…

  • western scrub jay (bird)

    jay: …coerulescens), found in Florida; the western scrub jay (A. californica), found throughout western North America; and the island scrub jay (A. insularis), found only on Santa Cruz Island, off the coast of California. They are locally called “blue jays,” but they lack the crests of C. cristata.

  • western scrub-bird

    scrub-bird: …western, or noisy, scrub-bird (Atrichornis clamosus), discovered in dry brushlands of Western Australia in the 1840s, was believed extinct after 1889 but was rediscovered in 1961. The 18-centimetre (7-inch) rufous scrub-bird (A. rufescens), discovered in the 1860s in wet forests of New South Wales, 2,500 miles (4,000 km) away…

  • Western sculpture (art)

    Western sculpture, three-dimensional artistic forms produced in what is now Europe and later in non-European areas dominated by European culture (such as North America) from the Metal Ages to the present. Like painting, Western sculpture has tended to be humanistic and naturalistic, concentrating

  • Western Shield (geological feature, Australia)

    Australia: The Western Plateau: The Precambrian western core area, known geologically as a shield or craton, is subdivided by long, straight (or only slightly bowed) fractures called lineaments. Those fractures, most obvious in the north and west, delineate prominent rectangular or rhomboidal blocks, some of which have been…

  • Western Shona (people)

    Botswana: Ethnic groups: …Birwa (both Northern Sotho), and Kalanga (Western Shona). With larger numbers to the east in Zimbabwe, some Kalanga have resisted full incorporation.

  • Western Shore (area, Maryland, United States)

    Maryland: Relief: …of the Chesapeake, called the Western Shore, is generally flat, but some low hills reach heights of 300 to 400 feet (90 to 120 metres). Most of the Coastal Plain is farmland with small rural communities, except for the urban areas of Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Salisbury, and Ocean City.

  • Western Sierra Madre (mountain range, North America)

    Mexico: Physiographic regions: The largely volcanic Sierra Madre Occidental, which forms the western border of the Mexican Plateau, has an average elevation of 8,000–9,000 feet (2,400–2,700 metres) and extends roughly 700 miles (1,100 km) from north to south. It has been highly incised by westward-flowing streams that have formed a series…

  • Western Sioux (people)

    Black Hills: …and sacred territory of the Western Sioux Indians. At least portions of the region were also sacred to other Native American peoples—including the Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Arapaho—and the area had also been inhabited by the Crow. Rights to the region were guaranteed to Sioux and Arapaho by the Second Treaty…

  • western skunk cabbage (plant)

    skunk cabbage: The ill-smelling western, or yellow, skunk cabbage (Lysichiton americanum), of the same family, having a large yellow spathe, is found from California to Alaska and eastward to Montana. Another skunk cabbage (Veratrum californicum) is the poisonous corn lily, or false hellebore, which grows from New Mexico and…

  • Western Somali Liberation Front (Somalian organization)

    eastern Africa: War in the Ogaden: …and 15,000 fighters of the Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF). His forces began infiltrating into the Ogaden in May–June 1977, and overt warfare began in July. By September 1977 Mogadishu controlled 90 percent of the Ogaden and had followed retreating Ethiopian forces into non-Somali regions of Harerge, Bale, and Sidamo.

  • Western Sotho (people)

    Botswana: Ethnic groups: …besides Tswana, that of the Khalagari (Western Sotho), has become so incorporated as to be almost indistinguishable from the Tswana. Even their name is now usually rendered in the Tswana form as “Kgalagadi.”

  • Western spotted skunk (mammal)

    skunk: Natural history: …the spring, except in the Western spotted skunk (S. gracilis), which breeds in the autumn but undergoes a period of delayed implantation lasting about 150 days. Eastern spotted skunks (S. putorius) breed at the same time of year as other skunks, which results in both species’ producing litters at the…

  • Western Star (work by Benét)

    Stephen Vincent Benét: …was also the basis for Western Star, an ambitious epic verse narrative on American history that Benét first planned in 1934 to consist of as many as five books but was left uncompleted at the time of his death. Book I, complete in itself and finished in 1942, was published…

  • Western State College of Colorado (university, Gunnison, Colorado, United States)

    Western Colorado University, public coeducational institution of higher learning in Gunnison, Colorado, U.S. A liberal arts university, Western Colorado offers bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. The university provides a general education program that includes requirements in basic skills and

  • Western State Colorado University (university, Gunnison, Colorado, United States)

    Western Colorado University, public coeducational institution of higher learning in Gunnison, Colorado, U.S. A liberal arts university, Western Colorado offers bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. The university provides a general education program that includes requirements in basic skills and

  • Western State Normal School (school, Farmington, Maine, United States)

    University of Maine: …when it was opened as Western State Normal School in 1864. Notable graduates of this school include the twin brothers Francis Edgar Stanley and Freelan O. Stanley, manufacturers of steam-powered cars, and John Frank Stevens, a chief engineer of the Panama Canal.

  • Western State Normal School (university, Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States)

    Western Michigan University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S. It comprises Haworth College of Business, the Graduate College, Lee Honors College, and colleges of arts and sciences, aviation, education, engineering and applied sciences, fine arts, and

  • Western Steppe (region, Eurasia)

    the Steppe: Physical features: …these may be called the Western Steppe. It extends from the grassy plains at the mouth of the Danube River along the north shore of the Black Sea, across the lower Volga, and eastward as far as the Altai Mountains. The conventional division between Europe and Asia at the Ural…

  • Western Sudanic languages

    Niger-Congo languages, a family of languages of Africa, which in terms of the number of languages spoken, their geographic extent, and the number of speakers is by far the largest language family in Africa. The area in which these languages are spoken stretches from Dakar, Senegal, at the

  • Western swing (music)

    Bob Wills: …songwriter whose Texas Playboys popularized western swing music in the 1930s and ’40s.

  • western taipan (reptile)

    taipan: The fierce snake, which is also called the inland taipan or western taipan (O. microlepidotus), is smaller and can grow up to 1.7 metres (5.5 feet) in length. A third species, the Central Ranges or western desert taipan (O. temporalis), was discovered in the central mountain…

  • western tanager (bird)

    tanager: rubra), and western tanager (P. ludoviciana). A less showy bird, the hepatic tanager (P. flava), has a greater breeding range: from southern Arizona to central Argentina. The most striking tropical genus is Tangara: about 50 small species sometimes called callistes. An example is the paradise tanager (T.…

  • Western tarsier (primate)

    tarsier: In Indonesia and Malaysia the Western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus) has huge bulging eyes, making the head broader than it is long; it also has the longest feet, and its tail is tufted at the tip. It thrives in both old-growth and secondary forests but can also be found in low…

  • Western Tatar language

    Tatar language: …Kazan Tatar (spoken in Tatarstan), Western or Misher Tatar, as well as the minor eastern or Siberian dialects, Kasimov, Tepter (Teptyar), and Astrakhan and Ural Tatar. Kazan Tatar is the literary language.

  • Western theatre (art)

    Western theatre, history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre-Classical antiquity to the present. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures. For detailed information on the arts of theatrical performance and

  • Western Tiers (mountains, Tasmania, Australia)

    Great Western Tiers, mountains in central Tasmania, Australia. They form the northern and eastern border of the Central Plateau. Basaltic in composition, their fault-formed scarps rise to 4,000 feet (1,200 m) near the River Mersey in the northwest; from Mount Ironstone, the highest peak (4,736 feet

  • western touch-me-not (plant)

    Impatiens: The western touch-me-not (I. noli-tangere) is native to western North America, Europe, and Asia.

  • Western Turkmenistan (physical region, Turkmenistan)

    Turkmenistan: Relief: …of Turkmenistan’s territory, subdivided into western Turkmenistan and the Karakum. The Karakum is one of the world’s largest sand deserts, taking up the entire central part of Turkmenistan and extending northward toward Kazakhstan.

  • Western Ukrainian National Republic (historical state, Ukraine)

    Ukraine: World War I and the struggle for independence: …state, shortly thereafter named the Western Ukrainian National Republic, embracing Galicia, northern Bukovina, and Transcarpathia. On November 1 Ukrainian forces occupied Lviv. This act touched off a war with the Poles, who were themselves resolved to incorporate Galicia into a reconstituted Polish state. The Poles took Lviv on November 21,…

  • Western Union Corporation (American company)

    Western Union Corporation, former telecommunications company that was the largest provider of telegraphic services in the United States. The company was founded in 1851, when the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company was formed to build a telegraph line from Buffalo, N.Y., to

  • Western Union Telegraph Company (American company)

    Western Union Corporation, former telecommunications company that was the largest provider of telegraphic services in the United States. The company was founded in 1851, when the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company was formed to build a telegraph line from Buffalo, N.Y., to

  • Western University of Pittsburgh (university, Pennsylvania, United States)

    University of Pittsburgh, coeducational state system of higher learning in Pennsylvania, U.S., comprising a main campus in Pittsburgh and branches in Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville. The Pittsburgh campus is a comprehensive research institution of higher learning and includes 16

  • Western Uplands (region, New Zealand)

    King Country, geographical region in North Island, New Zealand. Lying west of Lake Taupo and south of Hamilton, it embraces an area of 7,000 sq mi (18,000 sq km). It is bordered by the Waikato River (northeast), the Tasman Sea (west), the Ohura River (southwest), and by the Kaimanawa Mountains

  • Western Uplands (region, England, United Kingdom)

    Tynedale: …limestone area commonly called the western uplands, with an elevation of 1,000 feet (300 metres), rises in the northeast to an extension of the igneous-based and peat-covered Cheviot Hills, with an elevation of more than 1,500 feet (450 metres). In the south, below the South Tyne valley, the area extends…

  • western variant (Mandarin dialect)

    China: Sino-Tibetan: The second is the western variant, also known as the Chengdu or Upper Yangtze variant; this is spoken in the Sichuan Basin and in adjoining parts of southwestern China. The third is the southern variant, also known as the Nanjing or Lower Yangtze variant, which is spoken in northern…

  • Western Wall (pilgrimage site, Jerusalem)

    Western Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, a place of prayer and pilgrimage sacred to the Jewish people. It is the only remains of the Second Temple of Jerusalem, held to be uniquely holy by the ancient Jews and destroyed by the Romans in 70 ce. The authenticity of the Western Wall has been

  • western wallflower (plant)

    wallflower: The western wallflower (E. asperum) is a 90-cm- (35-inch-) tall perennial found on prairies, sand hills, and open woods in central to western North America. It produces fragrant yellow to orange flowers borne on long spikes. It is sometimes used in rock gardens.

  • Western Washington University (university, Bellingham, Washington, United States)

    Western Washington University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Bellingham, Washington, U.S. It comprises Fairhaven College (an interdisciplinary studies program); Woodring College of Education; Huxley College of Environmental Studies; colleges of business and economics, fine

  • western wheatgrass (plant)

    wheatgrass: … (Pseudoroegneria spicata, formerly Agropyron spicatum), western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii, formerly A. smithii), and slender wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulus, formerly A. trachycaulum), all of which are useful forage plants.

  • western white pine (tree)

    pine: Major North American pines: The western white pine (P. monticola) grows in the mountains of the northwestern United States and British Columbia, has light brown wood, and is extensively cut for lumber.

  • western white-bearded wildebeest (mammal)

    gnu: The western white-bearded wildebeest (C. taurinus mearnsi) is the smallest, 50 kg (110 pounds) lighter and 10 cm (4 inches) shorter than C. taurinus taurinus. It is also the most numerous; more than one million inhabit the Serengeti Plains and acacia savanna of northwestern Tanzania and…

  • western wood pewee (bird)

    pewee: …is the call of the western wood pewee (C. sordidulus). Some authorities consider the western form to be a race of C. virens. Both forms are plain birds, about 14 cm (6 inches) long, that resemble the eastern phoebe; the two forms differ from the eastern phoebe, however, in being…

  • Western World and the Memphis Banner of the Constitution, The (American newspaper)

    The Commercial Appeal, morning daily newspaper published in Memphis, Tenn., and one of the leading daily papers of the Mid-South in the United States. Founded in 1840 by Henry van Pelt as a two-page sheet called The Western World and the Memphis Banner of the Constitution, it was shortly renamed

  • Western Wynde, The (composition by Taverner)

    choral music: The mass: …songs, as John Taverner’s mass, The Western Wynde (c. 1520).

  • Western Xia (historical kingdom, China)

    Xi Xia, kingdom of the Tibetan-speaking Tangut tribes that was established in 1038 and flourished until 1227. It was located in what are now the northwestern Chinese provinces of Gansu and Shaanxi. Occupying the area along the trade route between Central Asia and Europe, the Tangut were content

  • western yellow pine (tree)

    pine: Major North American pines: Ponderosa, western yellow, or bull pine (P. ponderosa), which grows from 45 to 60 metres (148 to 197 feet) high, with a trunk 1.5 to 2.5 metres (5 to 8 feet) in diameter, is noted for its soft, easily worked wood. It is the most widely distributed American pine,…

  • western yew (plant)

    Pacific yew, (Taxus brevifolia), an evergreen timber tree of the yew family (Taxaceae). It is the only commercially important yew native to North America, where it is found from Alaska to California. Usually between 5 and 15 metres (about 15 to 50 feet) tall, it sometimes reaches 25 metres. See

  • Western Yiddish language

    Yiddish language: Western Yiddish, the only form of Yiddish that was used during the earliest history of the language, remained the dominant branch during the Old Yiddish period (ending about 1350). It comprises Southwestern (Swiss–Alsatian–Southern German), Midwestern (Central German), and Northwestern (Dutch–Northern German) Yiddish. Eastern Yiddish, roughly…

  • Western Zhou dynasty (Chinese history)

    education: Xi (Western) Zhou (1046–771 bce): This was the feudal age, when the feudal states were ruled by lords who paid homage to the king of Zhou and recognized him as the “Son of Heaven.”

  • Western, Sophia (fictional character)

    Sophia Western, fictional character, the beloved and, eventually, the wife of Tom Jones, hero of Henry Fielding’s picaresque novel Tom Jones

  • Westerner, The (film by Wyler [1940])

    William Wyler: Films of the 1940s: …to the American West, but The Westerner (1940) bore little resemblance to the silent low-budget westerns he had fashioned during his early days in Hollywood. Among the film’s distinctive attributes are its brooding use of the landscape (brilliantly photographed by Toland), the iconic presence of Gary Cooper, and Walter Brennan’s…

  • Westernization (cultural and social influence)

    East Asian arts: Common traditions: …Meiji Restoration (1868), artists studied Western performing arts. In the early decades of the 20th century, Chinese and Korean actors, dancers, and playwrights studying in Japan took back to their countries Western theory and practice in ballet, modern dance, and theatre. Most influential was the Western dramatic theory of realism.…

  • Westernizer (Russian intellectual)

    Westernizer, in 19th-century Russia, especially in the 1840s and ’50s, one of the intellectuals who emphasized Russia’s common historic destiny with the West, as opposed to Slavophiles, who believed Russia’s traditions and destiny to be unique. See S

  • Westerschelde (estuary, Netherlands)

    Western Schelde, estuary, flowing westward for about 30 miles (50 km) through the Delta Islands in the southwestern Netherlands to the North Sea. The former islands of Walcheren and Zuid-Beveland (now a peninsula) are located to the north of the estuary. The Zeeuws Vlaanderen region, consisting

  • Westerwald (region, Germany)

    Westerwald, mountainous region in western Germany lying northeast of Koblenz and east-southeast of Bonn. It is on the right (east) bank of the Rhine and extends eastward for about 50 miles (80 km), between the Lahn River or the Taunus (south) and the Sieg River or Bergisches Land (north), and

  • Westerwald stoneware

    Westerwald stoneware, salt-glazed stoneware produced in German towns such as H?hr, Grenzau, and Grenzhausen in the area known as the Westerwald. Their products (jugs, tankards, and the like), made from the 15th century to the present day, are molded, stamped with dies, and sometimes incised.

  • Westerwolde (region, Netherlands)

    Groningen: …by the adjoining regions of Westerwolde and the Woldstreek. Intensive cultivation creates a large residue of straw, used in local strawboard factories. The southwest of the province (southern Westerkwartier) has mainly sandy soil that supports mixed farming and cattle raising. Horse breeding and equestrian sports are a favourite activity among…

  • Westerwolt, Adam (Dutch admiral)

    Sri Lanka: Kandy and its struggle with European powers: …admiral of the Dutch fleet, Adam Westerwolt, who was then blockading Goa, India. The fleet came to Sri Lanka and captured Batticaloa. Westerwolt and Rajasinha II concluded a treaty on May 23, 1638, giving the Dutch a monopoly on most of Sri Lanka’s cinnamon and a repayment in merchandise for…

  • Westez, Carlos (American storyteller)

    Red Thunder Cloud, (CARLOS WESTEZ), U.S. Native American storyteller who was believed to have been the last speaker of the Catawba language, which was not his mother tongue. He made several recordings of the language and many others of songs (b. 1919--d. Jan. 8,

  • Westfalen (historical region, Germany)

    Westphalia, historic region of northwestern Germany, comprising a large part of the present federal Land (state) of North Rhine–Westphalia. The ancient Saxons were divided into three main groups: the Westphalians, the Angrians (German: Engern), and the Eastphalians (Ostfalen). The Westphalians, who

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