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  • Westfalenhalle (hall, Dortmund, Germany)

    Dortmund: …(1956) and the Westfalenhalle (Westphalia Hall; 1952), one of Europe’s largest halls, which is used for conventions, exhibitions, and sporting events. In the 1980s a casino and a new town hall were constructed. The city is home to the University of Dortmund (opened 1968), institutes for molecular physiology and…

  • Westfield (Massachusetts, United States)

    Westfield, city, Hampden county, southwestern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along the Westfield River just west of Springfield. Originally part of Springfield, it was the site of the western frontier trading post (1660) of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was incorporated as a separate town in 1669.

  • Westfield State University (university, Westfield, Massachusetts, United States)

    Westfield State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Westfield, Massachusetts, U.S. It is part of the Massachusetts Public Higher Education system. The university offers undergraduate degree programs in such areas as biology, computer science, education, humanities,

  • Westfield, Richard (American musician)

    Kool &amp; the Gang: …2010, Far Rockaway, New York), Ricky West (original name Richard Westfield; b. Jersey City—d. 1985), and James (“JT”) Taylor (b. August 16, 1953, Laurens, South Carolina).

  • Westfront 1918 (film by Pabst)

    G.W. Pabst: …viewpoint in such films as Westfront 1918 (1930), a realistic portrayal of trench warfare, Die Dreigroschenoper (1931; The Threepenny Opera), and Kameradschaft (1931; Comradeship), in which the virtues of international cooperation are extolled via a mine disaster met by the combined rescue efforts of French and German workers.

  • Westgate Shopping Mall (building, Nairobi, Kenya)

    Kofi Awoonor: …a terrorist attack on the Westgate shopping centre in Nairobi.

  • Westhoff, Clara (German sculptor)

    Paula Modersohn-Becker: …a friendship with the sculptor Clara Westhoff (who later married the poet Rainer Maria Rilke), and in 1900 they traveled together to Paris, where she was influenced by the Post-Impressionist paintings of Paul Cézanne.

  • Westin, Alan (American legal scholar and political scientist)

    Alan Furman Westin , American legal scholar and political scientist (born Oct. 11, 1929, New York, N.Y.—died Feb. 18, 2013, Saddle River, N.J.), dispassionately explored the highly charged realm of privacy in the groundbreaking Privacy and Freedom (1967), which became a prescient guide for the

  • Westin, Alan Furman (American legal scholar and political scientist)

    Alan Furman Westin , American legal scholar and political scientist (born Oct. 11, 1929, New York, N.Y.—died Feb. 18, 2013, Saddle River, N.J.), dispassionately explored the highly charged realm of privacy in the groundbreaking Privacy and Freedom (1967), which became a prescient guide for the

  • Westing (by Musket and Sextant) (album by Pavement)

    Pavement: …compiled into the 1993 album Westing (by Musket and Sextant), offered compressed snippets of industrial sound and shards of surprisingly melodic low-fi pop (from low fidelity; music made with rudimentary recording equipment such as four-track tapes). But Slanted and Enchanted (1992) revealed a new grandeur, with enigmatic anthems of subcultural…

  • Westinghouse Electric Company (American company)

    Westinghouse Electric Corporation, major American company that was a leading manufacturer of electrical equipment. It was founded as the Westinghouse Electric Company in 1886 by George Westinghouse (1846–1914), the inventor of the air brake and other devices, to construct and market

  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation (American company)

    Westinghouse Electric Corporation, major American company that was a leading manufacturer of electrical equipment. It was founded as the Westinghouse Electric Company in 1886 by George Westinghouse (1846–1914), the inventor of the air brake and other devices, to construct and market

  • Westinghouse, George (American inventor and industrialist)

    George Westinghouse, American inventor and industrialist who was chiefly responsible for the adoption of alternating current for electric power transmission in the United States. After serving in both the U.S. Army and the navy in the Civil War, Westinghouse received his first patent in late 1865

  • Westlake, Donald Edwin (American writer)

    Donald Edwin Westlake, American writer (born July 12, 1933, New York, N.Y.—died Dec. 31, 2008, San Tancho, Mex.), attracted a wide readership as well as great critical acclaim with his stylish crime novels, which numbered more than 100. Among the author’s best-known characters was the hapless thief

  • Westlake, John (British lawyer)

    John Westlake, English lawyer and social reformer who was influential in the field of law dealing with the resolution of problems between persons living in different legal jurisdictions (private international law, or conflict of laws). Trained as an equity and conveyance lawyer, Westlake helped

  • Westland Tai Poutini National Park (national park, New Zealand)

    Westland Tai Poutini National Park, park, west-central South Island, New Zealand. Established in 1960, it shares a common boundary with Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park along the main divide of the Southern Alps. With an area of 508 square miles (1,316 square km), it extends from the Tasman Sea in

  • WestLB (German bank)

    NRW.BANK, major German commercial and investment bank. Its owners (guarantors) are the state of North Rhine–Westphalia, the Regional Associations of the Rhineland and Westphalia-Lippe, and the Savings Banks and Giro Associations of the Rhineland and Westphalia-Lippe. Its headquarters are in

  • Westling, Daniel (Swedish prince)

    Crown Princess Victoria: …Victoria announced her engagement to Daniel Westling, her personal trainer and an entrepreneur in the fitness industry. The wedding took place in the Storkyrkan, or Cathedral of St. Nicholas, in Stockholm on June 19, 2010. Their daughter, Princess Estelle, was born on February 23, 2012, and their son, Prince Oscar,…

  • Westmacott, Mary (British author)

    Agatha Christie, English detective novelist and playwright whose books have sold more than 100 million copies and have been translated into some 100 languages. Educated at home by her mother, Christie began writing detective fiction while working as a nurse during World War I. Her first novel, The

  • Westmacott, Sir Richard (British sculptor)

    Western sculpture: Relation to the Baroque and the Rococo: …of Neoclassicists included the sculptors Sir Richard Westmacott, John Bacon the Younger, Sir Francis Chantrey, Edward Hodges Baily, John Gibson, and William Behnes.

  • Westman Islands (islands, Iceland)

    Vestmanna Islands, group of 14 small Icelandic islands off Iceland’s southern shore. They have a total area of about 8 square miles (21 square km). Volcanic in origin, the islands are rocky and barren, with precipitous cliffs up to 1,000 feet (300 m) in height rising straight up from the Atlantic

  • Westmeath (county, Ireland)

    Westmeath, county in the province of Leinster, central Ireland. It is bounded by Counties Cavan (north), Meath (east), Offaly (south), Roscommon (west), and Longford (northwest). Mullingar, in central Westmeath, is the county town (seat). The western boundary of Westmeath is the lower part of Lough

  • Westminster (Colorado, United States)

    Westminster, city, Adams and Jefferson counties, north-central Colorado, U.S., a northern suburb of Denver. Settled in 1863 by Pleasant DeSpain, a homesteader, it was named DeSpain Junction and developed as a shipping point for local farm produce. Later renamed Harris, the community was

  • Westminster (Maryland, United States)

    Westminster, city, seat (1837) of Carroll county, northern Maryland, U.S., 31 miles (50 km) northwest of Baltimore. It was founded in 1764 by William Winchester and was commonly called Winchester in its early years. Because the town was confused with Winchester, Virginia, it was renamed for the

  • Westminster Abbey (church, London, United Kingdom)

    Westminster Abbey, London church that is the site of coronations and other ceremonies of national significance. It stands just west of the Houses of Parliament in the Greater London borough of Westminster. Situated on the grounds of a former Benedictine monastery, it was refounded as the Collegiate

  • Westminster Abbey, Chapter House of (building, London, United Kingdom)

    Western painting: International Gothic: ) Subsequently, however, in the Chapter House of Westminster Abbey (probably executed c. 1370) there was strong Germanic influence, which has been tentatively compared with the work of Master Bertram at Hamburg.

  • Westminster Assembly (English history)

    Westminster Assembly, (1643–52), assembly called by the English Long Parliament to reform the Church of England. It wrote the Larger and Shorter Westminster catechisms, the Westminster Confession, and the Directory of Public Worship. The assembly was made up of 30 laymen (20 from the House of

  • Westminster Assembly of Divines (English history)

    Westminster Assembly, (1643–52), assembly called by the English Long Parliament to reform the Church of England. It wrote the Larger and Shorter Westminster catechisms, the Westminster Confession, and the Directory of Public Worship. The assembly was made up of 30 laymen (20 from the House of

  • Westminster Catechism (religion)

    Westminster Catechism, either of two works, the Larger Westminster Catechism and the Shorter Westminster Catechism, used by English-speaking Presbyterians and by some Congregationalists and Baptists. Written by the Westminster Assembly, which met regularly from 1643 until 1649 during the English

  • Westminster College (college, Fulton, Missouri, United States)

    Fulton: Fulton is the seat of Westminster College (1851) and William Woods University (1870). At Westminster College, Sir Winston Churchill delivered his “Iron Curtain” speech on March 5, 1946. To commemorate the occasion, the college brought from London and reconstructed on its campus the 12th-century Church of St. Mary the Virgin,…

  • Westminster Confession (religion)

    Westminster Confession, confession of faith of English-speaking Presbyterians. It was produced by the Westminster Assembly, which was called together by the Long Parliament in 1643, during the English Civil War, and met regularly in Westminster Abbey until 1649. The confession was completed in

  • Westminster Kennel Club (American organization)

    Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show: …by the New York City-based Westminster Kennel Club (WKC). It is one of the country’s oldest continuously running sporting events, second only to the Kentucky Derby in longevity. The designation Best in Show, awarded since 1907, is considered the highest distinction in American dog competition.

  • Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show (dog show competition)

    Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, leading U.S. dog show competition, held annually by the New York City-based Westminster Kennel Club (WKC). It is one of the country’s oldest continuously running sporting events, second only to the Kentucky Derby in longevity. The designation Best in Show, awarded

  • Westminster Palace (buildings, London, United Kingdom)

    Houses of Parliament, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the seat of the bicameral Parliament, including the House of Commons and the House of Lords. It is located on the left bank of the River Thames in the borough of Westminster, London. A royal palace was said to have

  • Westminster Psalter (medieval work)

    Western painting: Late 12th century: …enthroned Christ in the contemporary Westminster Psalter seems to have left the 12th century far behind. This is pure Early Gothic painting.

  • Westminster Quarters (work by Crotch)

    bell chime: …English-speaking countries is the “Westminster Quarters” (originally “Cambridge Quarters”), consisting of the four notes E–D–C–G in various combination each quarter hour. Composed at Cambridge University by an organ student, William Crotch, for use with the new clock at Great St. Mary’s Church, in 1793, its subsequent use in the…

  • Westminster Review, The (British periodical)

    Sir John Bowring: …economist Jeremy Bentham started the Westminster Review in 1824 as a vehicle for the views of English radicals, Bowring became coeditor of the publication, and he subsequently took over its entire management. From the 1820s on he published studies in and translations of the literatures of eastern Europe and also…

  • Westminster School (school, London, United Kingdom)

    Westminster School, distinguished public (privately endowed) school near Westminster Abbey in the borough of Westminster, London. It originated as a charity school (1179) founded by Benedictine monks. In 1540 Henry VIII made it secular, and in 1560 it was refounded by Elizabeth I and extensively

  • Westminster Theological Seminary (seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States)

    John Gresham Machen: …Protestantism, and he helped found Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. Ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1914, Machen was suspended from the ministry by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, U.S.A., for his opposition to modern liberal revision of the 17th-century English Presbyterian creed, the Westminster Confession. Following his suspension…

  • Westminster, City of (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    City of Westminster, inner borough of London, England. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames at the heart of London’s West End. The City of Westminster is flanked to the west by Kensington and Chelsea and to the east by the City of London. It belongs to the historic county of Middlesex. The

  • Westminster, Palace of (buildings, London, United Kingdom)

    Houses of Parliament, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the seat of the bicameral Parliament, including the House of Commons and the House of Lords. It is located on the left bank of the River Thames in the borough of Westminster, London. A royal palace was said to have

  • Westminster, Provisions of (England [1259])

    United Kingdom: Simon de Montfort and the Barons’ War: As a result the Provisions of Westminster were duly published, comprising detailed legal measures that in many cases were in the interests of the knightly class.

  • Westminster, Statute of (United Kingdom [1931])

    Statute of Westminster, (1931), statute of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that effected the equality of Britain and the then dominions of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Newfoundland. The statute implemented decisions made at British imperial conferences in 1926 and

  • Westminster, Statutes of (England [1275, 1285, 1290])

    Statutes of Westminster, (1275, 1285, 1290), three statutes important in medieval English history, issued in “parliaments” held by Edward I at Westminster. Each comprised a miscellaneous series of clauses designed to amend or clarify extremely diverse aspects of the law, both civil and criminal.

  • Westminster, Synod of (English history)

    Saint Anselm of Canterbury: The satisfaction theory of redemption: At the Synod of Westminster (1107), the dispute was settled. The king renounced investiture of bishops and abbots with the ring and crosier (staff), the symbols of their office. He demanded, however, that they do homage to him prior to consecration. The Westminster Agreement was a model…

  • Westminster, Treaties of (European history)

    Paulus Buys: …year but helped negotiate the Treaty of Westminster (Aug. 20, 1585), by which Elizabeth I of England agreed to send an army headed by Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, to the Netherlands. Buys fell out of favour when, along with other members of the religiously tolerant urban aristocracy, he opposed…

  • Westmore family (American family)

    Westmore Family, family of Hollywood makeup artists credited with having introduced the art of makeup to the motion-picture industry. Born in Great Britain, on the Isle of Wight, George Westmore (1879–1931) fought in the South African (Boer) War and, after marriage to a hometown friend, Ada Savage

  • Westmore, Ern (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Perc’s twin brother, Ernest Henry Westmore (1904–68), known as “Ern,” worked first at First National and then became head of makeup at RKO; while there (1929–31) he won the first award ever given to a makeup artist by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, for his…

  • Westmore, Ernest Henry (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Perc’s twin brother, Ernest Henry Westmore (1904–68), known as “Ern,” worked first at First National and then became head of makeup at RKO; while there (1929–31) he won the first award ever given to a makeup artist by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, for his…

  • Westmore, Frank (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Frank Westmore (1923–85) was long associated with Paramount Pictures.

  • Westmore, George (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: …on the Isle of Wight, George Westmore (1879–1931) fought in the South African (Boer) War and, after marriage to a hometown friend, Ada Savage (died 1923), opened his first hairdressing salon. He moved to Canterbury and then to Canada and the United States, working as a hairdresser in various cities…

  • Westmore, George Montague (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Montague George Westmore (1902–40), known as “Mont,” first worked free-lance for such directors as Cecil B. deMille but eventually joined the studios of David O. Selznick, supervising makeup during the screen tests for as well as the filming of Gone with the Wind (1939). Percival…

  • Westmore, Hamilton Adolph (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: …Adolph Westmore (1918–73), known as “Bud,” worked at Paramount and 20th Century-Fox and then was makeup chief at Universal Studios for almost 24 years (1946–70). Frank Westmore (1923–85) was long associated with Paramount Pictures.

  • Westmore, Mont (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Montague George Westmore (1902–40), known as “Mont,” first worked free-lance for such directors as Cecil B. deMille but eventually joined the studios of David O. Selznick, supervising makeup during the screen tests for as well as the filming of Gone with the Wind (1939). Percival…

  • Westmore, Perc (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Percival Harry Westmore (1904–70), known as “Perc” (pronounced “Purse”), headed the makeup department of First National Pictures and then of the company that absorbed it, Warner Brothers, where he remained for 27 years, joining Universal Studios only late in life. Perc was also the chief…

  • Westmore, Percival Harry (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Percival Harry Westmore (1904–70), known as “Perc” (pronounced “Purse”), headed the makeup department of First National Pictures and then of the company that absorbed it, Warner Brothers, where he remained for 27 years, joining Universal Studios only late in life. Perc was also the chief…

  • Westmore, Wally (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Walter James Westmore (1906–73), known as “Wally,” headed the makeup department at Paramount Studios for 41 years (1926–67). Hamilton Adolph Westmore (1918–73), known as “Bud,” worked at Paramount and 20th Century-Fox and then was makeup chief at Universal Studios for almost 24 years (1946–70). Frank…

  • Westmore, Walter James (American makeup artist)

    Westmore Family: Walter James Westmore (1906–73), known as “Wally,” headed the makeup department at Paramount Studios for 41 years (1926–67). Hamilton Adolph Westmore (1918–73), known as “Bud,” worked at Paramount and 20th Century-Fox and then was makeup chief at Universal Studios for almost 24 years (1946–70). Frank…

  • Westmoreland (county, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Westmoreland, county, southwestern Pennsylvania, U.S., located just east of Pittsburgh and bounded to the north and northeast by the Kiskiminetas and Conemaugh rivers, to the east by Laurel Hill, to the south by Jacobs Creek, to the west by the Youghiogheny River, and to the northwest by the

  • Westmoreland, William (United States general)

    William Westmoreland, U.S. Army officer who commanded U.S. forces in the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968. After a year at The Citadel, Westmoreland entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where he was made first captain of his class. Upon graduating in 1936, he was

  • Westmoreland, William Childs (United States general)

    William Westmoreland, U.S. Army officer who commanded U.S. forces in the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968. After a year at The Citadel, Westmoreland entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where he was made first captain of his class. Upon graduating in 1936, he was

  • Westmorland (historical county, England, United Kingdom)

    Westmorland, historic county of northwestern England, bounded on the north and west by Cumberland, on the southwest and southeast by Lancashire, on the east by Yorkshire, and on the northeast by Durham. It is now part of the districts of Eden and South Lakeland in the administrative county of

  • Westmorland, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of (English noble)

    Ralph Neville, 1st earl of Westmorland, English noble who, though created earl by King Richard II, supported the usurpation of the crown by Henry IV and did much to establish the Lancastrian dynasty. The eldest son of John, 3rd Baron Neville, he was knighted during a French expedition in 1380,

  • Westmorland, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of, 4th Baron Neville of Raby (English noble)

    Ralph Neville, 1st earl of Westmorland, English noble who, though created earl by King Richard II, supported the usurpation of the crown by Henry IV and did much to establish the Lancastrian dynasty. The eldest son of John, 3rd Baron Neville, he was knighted during a French expedition in 1380,

  • Weston (West Virginia, United States)

    Weston, city, seat of Lewis county, central West Virginia, U.S., on the West Fork River. The site was surveyed by Colonel Edward Jackson, grandfather of the American Civil War general Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson. Originally named Preston, the town was founded and incorporated in 1818 as the

  • Weston cadmium cell (battery)

    battery: Other primary battery systems: 434 volts) and the Weston cell (cadmium–mercurous sulfate–mercury; 1.019 volts). Magnesium–silver chloride and magnesium–lead chloride batteries are commonly employed in undersea operations where the salt water becomes the electrolyte when the battery is submerged or in situations where low risk to the environment is desired, as in balloon batteries.

  • Weston, Edward (American engineer and industrialist)

    Edward Weston, British-born American electrical engineer and industrialist who founded the Weston Electrical Instrument Company. Weston studied medicine at the insistence of his parents; but, after receiving his medical diploma in 1870, he went to New York City, where he was employed as a chemist.

  • Weston, Edward (American photographer)

    Edward Weston, major American photographer of the early to mid-20th century, best known for his carefully composed, sharply focused images of natural forms, landscapes, and nudes. His work influenced a generation of American photographers. Weston was born into a family of some intellectual

  • Weston, Garfield Howard (Canadian businessman)

    Garfield Howard Weston, (“Garry”), Canadian-born entrepreneur and philanthropist (born April 28, 1927, Canada—died Feb. 15, 2002, London, Eng.), took control of his family’s multinational business, Associated British Foods PLC (ABF), upon his father’s retirement in 1967 and turned it into a vast i

  • Weston, Garry (Canadian businessman)

    Garfield Howard Weston, (“Garry”), Canadian-born entrepreneur and philanthropist (born April 28, 1927, Canada—died Feb. 15, 2002, London, Eng.), took control of his family’s multinational business, Associated British Foods PLC (ABF), upon his father’s retirement in 1967 and turned it into a vast i

  • Weston, Jack (American actor)

    Jack Weston, (JACK WEINSTEIN), U.S. stage, motion picture, and television actor who for four decades proved adept at portraying characters that ranged from menacing, in Wait Until Dark, to comic, in The Ritz and The Four Seasons (b. Aug. 21, 1924?--d. May 3,

  • Weston, Maria (American abolitionist)

    Maria Weston Chapman, American abolitionist who was the principal lieutenant of the radical antislavery leader William Lloyd Garrison. Maria Weston spent several years of her youth living with the family of an uncle in England, where she received a good education. From 1828 to 1830 she was

  • Weston, Paul (American musician and composer)

    Frank Sinatra: The band singer: …and Dorsey arrangers Axel Stordahl, Paul Weston, and Sy Oliver soon tailored their arrangements to highlight Sinatra’s skills. Often teamed with singer Connie Haines, or with Dorsey’s vocal group, The Pied Pipers (featuring future recording star Jo Stafford), Sinatra was featured on memorable sides such as “I’ll Never Smile Again,”…

  • Weston, Randolph E. (American musician and composer)

    Randy Weston, American jazz pianist and composer, noted for his use of African rhythms. Weston began playing piano in his youth and served in the U.S. Army before beginning a jazz career about age 23. He began leading his own small groups, in nightclubs and concerts, and started recording in the

  • Weston, Randy (American musician and composer)

    Randy Weston, American jazz pianist and composer, noted for his use of African rhythms. Weston began playing piano in his youth and served in the U.S. Army before beginning a jazz career about age 23. He began leading his own small groups, in nightclubs and concerts, and started recording in the

  • Weston, Ruth (American singer and actress)

    Ruth Brown, American singer and actress, who earned the sobriquet “Miss Rhythm” while dominating the rhythm-and-blues charts throughout the 1950s. Her success helped establish Atlantic Records (“The House That Ruth Built”) as the era’s premier rhythm-and-blues label. The oldest of seven children,

  • Weston, Sir Richard (British writer)
  • Weston-Mott Company (American company)

    Charles Stewart Mott: …when Mott started managing the Weston-Mott Co., his family’s bicycle-tire manufacturing firm in Utica, N.Y., he expanded the business by manufacturing wheels for automobiles as well as bicycles. As president of the company from 1903 to 1913, Mott moved the company to Flint in 1906 to be close to the…

  • Weston-super-Mare (England, United Kingdom)

    Weston-super-Mare, town, North Somerset unitary authority, historic county of Somerset, southwestern England. It is situated on a sandy bay of the Bristol Channel between the promontory of Brean Down (now owned by the National Trust) and Worlebury Hill at the western end of the Mendip Hills.

  • Westover, Charles Weedon (American musician)

    Del Shannon, American singer, songwriter, and guitarist who was one of the first white rock and rollers to write his own songs. He is best known for the pop music classic “Runaway” (1961). After playing in bands as a teenager in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Shannon released his first single, “Runaway,”

  • Westover, Cynthia May (American social worker and journalist)

    Cynthia May Westover Alden, American social worker and journalist whose energies in the latter half of her life focused on securing the welfare of blind infants and children. Cynthia Westover was reared largely by her father, a geologist, in western mining camps, and she could shoot a rifle and

  • Westphal balance (instrument)

    specific gravity: …measure specific gravity are the Westphal balance, the pycnometer, and the hydrometer.

  • Westphalia (historical region, Germany)

    Westphalia, historic region of northwestern Germany, comprising a large part of the present federal Land (state) of North Rhine–Westphalia. The ancient Saxons were divided into three main groups: the Westphalians, the Angrians (German: Engern), and the Eastphalians (Ostfalen). The Westphalians, who

  • Westphalia Hall (hall, Dortmund, Germany)

    Dortmund: …(1956) and the Westfalenhalle (Westphalia Hall; 1952), one of Europe’s largest halls, which is used for conventions, exhibitions, and sporting events. In the 1980s a casino and a new town hall were constructed. The city is home to the University of Dortmund (opened 1968), institutes for molecular physiology and…

  • Westphalia, Peace of (European history)

    Peace of Westphalia, European settlements of 1648, which brought to an end the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the German phase of the Thirty Years’ War. The peace was negotiated, from 1644, in the Westphalian towns of Münster and Osnabrück. The Spanish-Dutch treaty was signed on

  • Westphalian Basin (region, Germany)

    Germany: The northern fringe of the Central German Uplands: …of subdued scarpland relief, the Westphalian Basin to the northwest and the Thuringian Basin to the southeast, both partially invaded by glacial outwash from the North German Plain. Hessen and the Westphalian Basin are succeeded northward by the hills of Lower Saxony. The breakthrough of the Weser River into the…

  • Westphalian Wilhelm University of Münster (university, Münster, Germany)

    Münster: …period, is evident in the Westphalian Wilhelm University of Münster (founded 1780, a full university from 1902; in the 18th century an episcopal palace), the bailiff’s high court, and several churches. Notable modern structures include the state Chamber of Commerce building, municipal administrative offices, the theatre, the railway station (1956),…

  • Westport (Connecticut, United States)

    Westport, urban town (township), Fairfield county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S. It lies along Long Island Sound at the mouth of the Saugatuck River just east of Norwalk. The area, which the local Indians called Saugatuck, was settled about 1648; it was renamed and detached from Fairfield,

  • Westport (New Zealand)

    Westport, port town, northwestern South Island, New Zealand. It lies at the mouth of the Buller River. Coal and gold were discovered in the area in 1859, and the town was surveyed in 1862. Gold was exploited for only a half-century or so, but coal mining (well developed by the 1870s) continues. The

  • Westside Preparatory School (school, Chicago, Illinois, United States)

    Marva Collins: …system to found the private Daniel Hale Williams Westside Preparatory School. With financial assistance from the government-funded Alternative Schools Network, she began with four students; within a year enrollment had increased to 20 students, most of whom were considered uneducable by the standards of Chicago public schools.

  • Westsylvania (proposed state, United States history)

    West Virginia: Colonial period and Virginia’s dominion: …to establish a 14th state, Westsylvania; these initiatives indicated an early interest in a separate government for the trans-Allegheny country. Dissatisfaction among the pioneers in that region mounted in the cultural, social, economic, and political realms. The frontier residents, who came from many areas, were distinctly different from the aristocratic…

  • Westvaco Inspirations (American publication)

    graphic design: Postwar graphic design in the United States: …director, designed a publication called Westvaco Inspirations for a major paper manufacturer from 1938 until the early 1960s. His playful and innovative approach to type and imagery is shown in the design of a spread from Westvaco Inspirations 210 (1958). Here, Thompson responded to the geometric forms of African masks…

  • Westward Ho (painting by Leutze)

    Emanuel Leutze: …he painted a large composition, Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (often erroneously called “Westward Ho”), illustrating the settlement of the Far West.

  • westward movement (United States history)

    Westward movement, the populating by Europeans of the land within the continental boundaries of the mainland United States, a process that began shortly after the first colonial settlements were established along the Atlantic coast. The first British settlers in the New World stayed close to the

  • Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (painting by Leutze)

    Emanuel Leutze: …he painted a large composition, Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (often erroneously called “Westward Ho”), illustrating the settlement of the Far West.

  • Westwood, Dame Vivienne Isabel (British fashion designer)

    Vivienne Westwood, British fashion designer known for her provocative clothing. With her partner, Malcolm McLaren, she extended the influence of the 1970s punk music movement into fashion. She was a schoolteacher before she married Derek Westwood in 1962 (divorced 1965). A self-taught designer, in

  • Westwood, Vivienne (British fashion designer)

    Vivienne Westwood, British fashion designer known for her provocative clothing. With her partner, Malcolm McLaren, she extended the influence of the 1970s punk music movement into fashion. She was a schoolteacher before she married Derek Westwood in 1962 (divorced 1965). A self-taught designer, in

  • westwork (church architecture)

    Carolingian art: …important of these were the westwork, or fortresslike construction with towers and inner rooms through which one entered the nave, and the outer crypt, or extensive chapel complexes below and beyond the eastern apse (projection at one end of the church). The significance of the westwork is not clear, but…

  • Westworld (film by Crichton [1973])

    Yul Brynner: …gunman in the sci-fi thriller Westworld (1973).

  • Westworld (American television series)

    Anthony Hopkins: Later movie and television roles: …included the HBO TV series Westworld (2016– ), a sci-fi thriller in which he was cast as the creator of an adult theme park featuring humanlike robots.

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