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  • WET (American magazine)

    graphic design: Postmodern graphic design: A cover for WET magazine, for example, evokes the vibrant cultural scene in southern California. In this work from 1979, a colour photocopy of singer Rick Nelson, collaged images from magazines, Japanese papers, and airbrushed blends of colour are combined into a cohesive design. Greiman also explored the…

  • wet AMD (pathology)

    macular degeneration: Age-related macular degeneration: The most common form of macular degeneration is age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and the incidence of this disease increases dramatically with age, affecting approximately 14 percent of those over age 80. AMD is the most common cause of vision loss in the…

  • wet analysis (chemistry)

    chemical analysis: Classical analysis, also termed wet chemical analysis, consists of those analytical techniques that use no mechanical or electronic instruments other than a balance. The method usually relies on chemical reactions between the material being analyzed (the analyte) and a reagent that is added to the…

  • wet ARMD (pathology)

    macular degeneration: Age-related macular degeneration: The most common form of macular degeneration is age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and the incidence of this disease increases dramatically with age, affecting approximately 14 percent of those over age 80. AMD is the most common cause of vision loss in the…

  • wet beriberi (pathology)

    beriberi: In wet beriberi, a more acute form, there is edema (overabundance of fluid in the tissues) resulting largely from cardiac failure and poor circulation. In infants breast-fed by mothers who are deficient in thiamin, beriberi may lead to rapidly progressive heart failure.

  • wet chemical analysis (chemistry)

    chemical analysis: Classical analysis, also termed wet chemical analysis, consists of those analytical techniques that use no mechanical or electronic instruments other than a balance. The method usually relies on chemical reactions between the material being analyzed (the analyte) and a reagent that is added to the…

  • wet conversion (industrial process)

    papermaking: Finishing and converting: One is referred to as wet converting, in which paper in roll form is coated, impregnated, and laminated with various applied materials to improve properties for special purposes. The second is referred to as dry converting, in which paper in roll form is converted into such items as bags, envelopes,…

  • wet equatorial climate (meteorology)

    Wet equatorial climate, major climate type of the K?ppen classification characterized by consistently high temperatures (around 30 °C [86 °F]), with plentiful precipitation (150–1,000 cm [59–394 inches]), heavy cloud cover, and high humidity, with very little annual temperature variation. Wet

  • wet fan

    river: Alluvial fans: …of two types—either dry or wet. Dry fans are those that seem to form under conditions of ephemeral flow, while wet fans are those that are created by streams that flow constantly. This classification suggests that fan type is climatically controlled, because ephemeral flow is normally associated with the spasmodic…

  • wet fly (fish bait)

    fly-tying: …type of fly is the wet fly, designed to drift underwater and to be taken by the fish as either a nymph, a drowned mature fly, a minnow, or at any rate a morsel. The third is the nymph, which seeks to imitate the nymphal or larval stage of a…

  • wet gas (natural gas)

    Wet gas, natural gas that contains an appreciable proportion of hydrocarbon compounds heavier than methane (e.g., ethane, propane, and butane). The mixture may be gaseous or both liquid and gaseous in the reservoir; the heavier hydrocarbons are condensable when brought to the surface and are

  • wet milling

    cereal processing: Cornstarch: In wet milling, the grains are first dry-cleaned so that other cereals and some of the impurities are removed, then steeped in warm water containing sulfur dioxide. This process softens the grains, and the outer skin and the germ are rendered removable. The corn is coarsely…

  • Wet Parade, The (film by Fleming [1932])

    Victor Fleming: The 1930s: The Wet Parade (1932), a well-received adaptation of Upton Sinclair’s book about Prohibition, featured Huston and Myrna Loy. More popular was Red Dust (1932), arguably the best of several teamings of Clark Gable and

  • wet process (cement)

    cement: Manufacture of cement: …manufacture are known as the wet, dry, and semidry processes and are so termed when the raw materials are ground wet and fed to the kiln as a slurry, ground dry and fed as a dry powder, or ground dry and then moistened to form nodules that are fed to…

  • wet savanna (grassland)

    savanna: Environment: …to 86 °F) in the wet season.

  • wet scrubber (technology)

    air pollution control: Scrubbers: Devices called wet scrubbers trap suspended particles by direct contact with a spray of water or other liquid. In effect, a scrubber washes the particulates out of the dirty airstream as they collide with and are entrained by the countless tiny droplets in the spray.

  • wet season (climate)

    grassland: Environment: …flow, occurs only during the wet season. The tropical grassland climate overlaps very broadly with that of savanna. As previously stated, these vegetation types differ little from each other, a savanna being merely a grassland with scattered trees. Small changes in management and usage can convert one to the other.

  • wet spinning (technology)

    man-made fibre: Solution spinning: Solution spinning includes wet spinning and dry spinning. The former method was first used to produce rayon fibres, and the latter method was used to spin cellulose triacetate to acetate fibres. In both methods, a viscous solution of polymer is pumped through a filter and then passed through…

  • wet tensile strength

    papermaking: Strength and durability: …water in their normal use, wet tensile testing has become important. This test is essentially the same as that for dry tensile strength, except that the specimen is wetted. Paper that has not been specifically treated to produce wet strength possesses from about 4 to about 8 percent of its…

  • Wet Zone (region, Sri Lanka)

    Sri Lanka: Drainage: …catchment is well within the Wet Zone, this river has a larger and less seasonally varied flow than the other Dry Zone rivers and so is a major asset for irrigation in the drier parts of the country (the Dry Zone includes the northern part of the country and much…

  • Wet, Christiaan Rudolf de (Boer statesman)

    Christiaan Rudolf de Wet, Boer soldier and statesman, regarded by Afrikaner nationalists as one of their greatest heroes. He won renown as commander in chief of the Orange Free State forces in the South African War (1899–1902) and was a leader in the Afrikaner rebellion of 1914. As a young man de

  • wet-bulb depression (atmospheric science)

    psychrometer: …and wet-bulb temperatures, called the wet-bulb depression. See also hygrometer.

  • wet-bulb thermometer (instrument)

    hygrometer: …hygrometer that utilizes two thermometers—one wet-bulb and one dry-bulb—to determine humidity through evaporation. A wetted cloth wraps the wet-bulb thermometer at its enlarged end. By rapidly rotating both thermometers, or by blowing air over the bulbs, the temperature of the wet-bulb thermometer is cooler than that of the dry-bulb thermometer.…

  • wet-collodion process (photography)

    Wet-collodion process, early photographic technique invented by Englishman Frederick Scott Archer in 1851. The process involved adding a soluble iodide to a solution of collodion (cellulose nitrate) and coating a glass plate with the mixture. In the darkroom the plate was immersed in a solution of

  • wet-fish trawler (ship)

    commercial fishing: Wet-fish trawlers: This type is distinguished by the way the catch is stored on board. It can be either a side or stern trawler with an insulated hold where the fish are stored “wet,” or fresh, after sorting. Ice used to cool the catch may…

  • wet-gate printing (photography)

    motion-picture technology: Film processing and printing: …rephotographed; this process is called wet-gate printing.

  • wet-hulling process

    coffee: The wet process: The wet process requires more equipment than the dry method but produces beans that are better preserved and more homogeneous and have fewer defects. Most Arabica coffees are produced by the wet method, and they generally command a higher price.

  • wet-impingement scrubber (technology)

    air pollution control: Scrubbers: In orifice scrubbers and wet-impingement scrubbers, the air-and-droplet mixture collides with a solid surface. Collision with a surface atomizes the droplets, reducing droplet size and thereby increasing total surface contact area. These devices have the advantage of lower water-recirculation rates, and they offer removal efficiencies of about 90 percent…

  • wet-nursing (infant-care practice)

    Wet-nursing, the practice of breast-feeding another’s infant. In certain periods of history and among some social levels, wet-nursing was a paid profession. The history of wet-nursing is ancient (dating to perhaps 3000 bce) and widespread. It continued as a practice into the 21st century, though in

  • wet-well installation (civil engineering)

    wastewater treatment: Pumps: A wet-well installation has only one chamber or tank to receive and hold the sewage until it is pumped out. Specially designed submersible pumps and motors can be located at the bottom of the chamber, completely below the water level. Dry-well installations have two separate chambers,…

  • Weta Ltd. (New Zealand company)

    Sir Richard Leslie Taylor: Award-winning prop-design and special-effects company Weta Ltd. Taylor was best known for his work on the film trilogy The Lord of the Rings (2001–03), directed and adapted from J.R.R. Tolkien’s novels by New Zealand director Sir Peter Jackson.

  • Wetar Island (island, Indonesia)

    Wetar Island, island in the Banda Sea, Maluku provinsi (“province”), Indonesia. It lies 35 miles (56 km) north of and across the Wetar Strait from the northeastern coast of Timor. Wetar Island is 80 miles (130 km) long east-west and 28 miles (45 km) wide north-south; it is spread over an area of

  • Wetback, Operation (United States immigration law-enforcement campaign)

    Operation Wetback, U.S. immigration law enforcement campaign during the summer of 1954 that resulted in the mass deportation of Mexican nationals (1.1 million persons according to the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service [INS], though most estimates put the figure closer to 300,000). Drafted

  • Wethered, Joyce (British golfer)

    Joyce Wethered, golfer who was widely regarded as the greatest British woman player of her day. Wethered and her brother Roger, who tied for the British Open title in 1921 but lost the play-off, learned the game as children. She was British Ladies’ Open champion four times (1922, 1924, 1925, and

  • Wethered, Roger (British golfer)

    golf: British tournaments and players: …champion in 1920 and 1929; Roger Wethered, Amateur champion in 1923; and Scots Hector Thomson, Jack McLean, and A.T. Kyle.

  • Wetherell, Elizabeth (American writer)

    Susan Bogert Warner and Anna Bartlett Warner: In 1851 Susan published a novel entitled The Wide, Wide World under the pseudonym Elizabeth Wetherell. Sentimental and moralistic, the book proved highly popular; it was widely sold in several translations and was reputedly the first book by an American author to sell one million copies. Susan…

  • Wetherell, Marmaduke (British hunter)

    Loch Ness monster: 1933 the Daily Mail commissioned Marmaduke Wetherell, a big-game hunter, to locate the sea serpent. Along the lake’s shores, he found large footprints that he believed belonged to “a very powerful soft-footed animal about 20 feet [6 metres] long.” However, upon closer inspection, zoologists at the Natural History Museum determined…

  • Wetherill, John (American rancher and trader)

    Navajo National Monument: Byron Cummings, an archaeologist, and John Wetherill, a local rancher and trader, explored the ruins of Keet Seel, the largest of the sites, in 1907. Two years later Cummings and Wetherill discovered the ruins of Betatakin and Inscription House. The 135 rooms of Betatakin are tucked into a cliffside alcove…

  • Wethersfield (Connecticut, United States)

    Wethersfield, urban town (township), Hartford county, central Connecticut, U.S. It lies immediately south of Hartford on the Connecticut River. Settled in 1634 and called Watertown by a group led by John Oldham of Massachusetts, it is the oldest permanent English settlement in Connecticut. In 1637

  • wetland

    Wetland, complex ecosystem characterized by flooding or saturation of the soil, which creates low-oxygen environments that favour a specialized assemblage of plants, animals, and microbes, which exhibit adaptations designed to tolerate periods of sluggishly moving or standing water. Wetlands are

  • Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat, Convention on (international agreement)

    Keta: …placed on its list of Wetlands of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and in 1999 work began on measures to limit further erosion and to control flooding of the coastal region. Pop. (2010) 147,618.

  • Wetmore, Alexander (American ornithologist)

    Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist noted for his research on birds of the Western Hemisphere. As an employee of the Biological Survey of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wetmore was particularly interested in avian anatomy, osteology, fossil birds, migration, and taxonomy. He headed

  • Wetmore, Frank Alexander (American ornithologist)

    Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist noted for his research on birds of the Western Hemisphere. As an employee of the Biological Survey of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wetmore was particularly interested in avian anatomy, osteology, fossil birds, migration, and taxonomy. He headed

  • Wetsandorn (Buddha)

    Vessantara, in Buddhist mythology, a previous incarnation of the Buddha Gotama. A crown prince, Vessantara was famous for his vast generosity, and, to the despair of his more practical-minded father, he accepted banishment to the forest, where he attained the ultimate self-abnegation by giving away

  • Wettach, Charles Adrien (Swiss clown)

    Grock, Swiss clown whose blunders with the piano and the violin became proverbial. He was the son of a watchmaker and began his performance career by partnering with his father in a cabaret act. He then became an amateur acrobat and was allowed to spend each summer with a circus, where he performed

  • Wette, Wilhelm M. L. de (German biblical scholar)

    biblical literature: Special nature and problems: Wilhelm M.L. de Wette, a German biblical scholar, in 1805 established the predominant modern view that Deuteronomy (or its nucleus, or main portion) was found in Josiah’s time and was a distinctive book, separate from the Tetrateuch. He also held that it was composed shortly…

  • Wetterstein Alps (mountains, Germany)

    Germany: The Alps and the Alpine Foreland: …are the Allg?uer Alps, the Wetterstein Alps—with Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze—and the Berchtesgadener Alps. Like the North German Plain, the Alpine Foreland is fundamentally a depression filled with Paleogene and Neogene gravels, sands, and clays, which are derived from the Alpine orogeny. In contrast to the North German Plain,…

  • Wettin dynasty (European dynasty)

    Wettin Dynasty, major European dynasty, genealogically traceable to the start of the 10th century ad. Its earliest known ancestors were active in pushing Germany’s frontier eastward into formerly Slav territory; and by the end of the 1080s two of their descendants, brothers, held not only the

  • wetting agent (chemical substance)

    Wetting agent, chemical substance that increases the spreading and penetrating properties of a liquid by lowering its surface tension—that is, the tendency of its molecules to adhere to each other. See detergent;

  • Wettingen (Switzerland)

    Hans Ulrich Grubenmann and Johannes Grubenmann: …River at the town of Wettingen, near Zürich, is believed to be the first timber bridge to employ a true arch in its design. The brothers’ ingenious combination of the arch and truss principles made it possible to construct longer and better timber bridges than ever before. More is known…

  • Wetton, John (British musician)

    John Wetton, (John Kenneth Wetton), British musician (born June 12, 1949, Willington, Derbyshire, Eng.—died Jan. 31, 2017, Bournemouth, Eng.), played bass guitar, sang, and wrote songs for several progressive rock bands and was a founding member of the 1980s supergroup Asia. Wetton played in local

  • Wetton, John Kenneth (British musician)

    John Wetton, (John Kenneth Wetton), British musician (born June 12, 1949, Willington, Derbyshire, Eng.—died Jan. 31, 2017, Bournemouth, Eng.), played bass guitar, sang, and wrote songs for several progressive rock bands and was a founding member of the 1980s supergroup Asia. Wetton played in local

  • Wettstein, J. J. (Swiss biblical scholar)

    biblical literature: Critical scholarship: …that of the Swiss scholar J.J. Wettstein’s edition (1751–52). His textual apparatus was relatively uncomplicated. He introduced the use of capital Roman, Greek, or Hebrew letters for uncials and Arabic numbers for minuscules. Later, a Gothic P with exponents came into use for papyri and, in the few cases needed,…

  • Wettstein, Johann Rudolf (Swiss burgomaster)

    Johann Rudolf Wettstein, burgomaster of Basel who, at the close of the Thirty Years’ War, represented the Swiss Confederation at the Congress of Westphalia (in Münster, 1647–48), where he secured European recognition of the confederation’s independence and Habsburg renunciation of all claims to

  • Wetu Lima (religion)

    Sasak: …Wetu Telu (“Three Times”) and Wetu Lima (“Five Times”), so named for the number of times per day that practitioners pray, five times being the usual Muslim practice. Wetu Telu is essentially a local tradition with Islamic modifications; its followers typically live in smaller villages. Adherents of Wetu Lima, by…

  • Wetu Telu (religion)

    Sasak: …two forms of the religion: Wetu Telu (“Three Times”) and Wetu Lima (“Five Times”), so named for the number of times per day that practitioners pray, five times being the usual Muslim practice. Wetu Telu is essentially a local tradition with Islamic modifications; its followers typically live in smaller villages.…

  • Wetzler, Alfred (Holocaust survivor)

    Why wasn't Auschwitz bombed?: …from Auschwitz: Rudolph Vrba and Alfred Wetzler. They made contact with Slovak resistance forces and produced a substantive report on the extermination camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau. In great detail, they documented the killing process. Their report, replete with maps and other specific details, was forwarded to Western intelligence officials along with…

  • Wetzstein, Johann Gottfried (German scholar)

    Johann Gottfried Wetzstein, Orientalist who propounded (1873) a “literal” interpretation of the Song of Solomon, which, despite its presence in the Old Testament, he read as an anthology of love songs having no religious or allegorical significance. A similar idea had been advanced by the

  • WEU (European defense organization)

    Western European Union (WEU), former association (1955–2011) of 10 countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom) that operated as a forum for the coordination of matters of European security and defense. It contributed to

  • Wever, Elfriede (German athlete)
  • Wewak (Papua New Guinea)

    Wewak, coastal town, island of New Guinea, northern Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Wewak is situated near the mouth of the Sepik River. Economic activities are limited due to primitive hinterland conditions, but there are some coffee and coconut plantations in the area. Wewak

  • Wewoka (Oklahoma, United States)

    Wewoka, city, seat (1907) of Seminole county, east-central Oklahoma, U.S. Founded by the offspring of African Americans and Creek Indians in 1843, the town takes its name from a Creek village in Alabama whose meaning is “roaring water.” The Union Pacific Railroad Company established a station there

  • Wexford (Ireland)

    Wexford, seaport and county seat, County Wexford, Ireland, on the River Slaney. The name Wexford derives from the Norse settlement of Waesfjord. It was an early colony of the English, having been taken by Robert FitzStephen in 1169. The town received a charter in 1317, which was extended in 1411 by

  • Wexford (county, Ireland)

    Wexford, county in the province of Leinster, southeastern Ireland. It is bounded on the east and south by the Irish Sea and from west to north by Counties Kilkenny, Carlow, and Wicklow. The town of Wexford, on the Irish Sea coast, is the county seat, and there is a county manager. The Blackstairs

  • Wexford Opera Festival (opera festival, Wexford, Ireland)

    Ireland: Daily life and social customs: The Wexford Opera Festival, held annually in the fall, draws a large international audience. Of particular importance is St. Patrick’s Day (March 17), honouring the country’s patron saint. Whereas overseas the holiday has become a boisterous, largely secular celebration of all things Irish, in Ireland it…

  • Wexler, Donald (American architect)

    Donald Wexler, American architect of mid-century modern homes, especially in Palm Springs, California. Wexler grew up in Minneapolis. He served in the navy from 1944 to 1946, and when he returned home, he attended the University of Minnesota on the G.I. Bill. After earning a bachelor’s degree in

  • Wexler, Donald Allen (American architect)

    Donald Wexler, American architect of mid-century modern homes, especially in Palm Springs, California. Wexler grew up in Minneapolis. He served in the navy from 1944 to 1946, and when he returned home, he attended the University of Minnesota on the G.I. Bill. After earning a bachelor’s degree in

  • Wexler, Gerald (American record executive)

    Jerry Wexler, (Gerald Wexler), American record producer and music journalist (born Jan. 10, 1917, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 15, 2008, Sarasota, Fla.), coined the term rhythm and blues (R&B) in 1949 while working as a reporter for Billboard magazine; four years later he became an executive for

  • Wexler, Haskell (American cinematographer and director)

    Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer and director (born Feb. 6, 1922, Chicago, Ill.—died Dec. 27, 2015, Santa Monica, Calif.), was an innovative and meticulous film photographer known for his use of contrast and shadow and for his dedication to leftist political causes. He won two Academy

  • Wexler, Jerry (American record executive)

    Jerry Wexler, (Gerald Wexler), American record producer and music journalist (born Jan. 10, 1917, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 15, 2008, Sarasota, Fla.), coined the term rhythm and blues (R&B) in 1949 while working as a reporter for Billboard magazine; four years later he became an executive for

  • Wexler, Milton (American psychoanalyst)

    Milton Wexler, American psychoanalyst (born Aug. 24, 1908, San Francisco, Calif.—died March 16, 2007, Santa Monica, Calif.), launched the Hereditary Disease Foundation during the 1970s in an effort to seek a cure for Huntington disease, a relatively rare progressive and invariably fatal hereditary

  • Wexler, Simon (American filmmaker)

    Sy Wexler, (Simon Wexler), American filmmaker (born Oct. 6, 1916, New York, N.Y.—died March 10, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), produced more than 300 training, educational, and documentary films for students and physicians during the 1950s and ’60s. While serving as a cameraman in the Army Signal C

  • Wexler, Sy (American filmmaker)

    Sy Wexler, (Simon Wexler), American filmmaker (born Oct. 6, 1916, New York, N.Y.—died March 10, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), produced more than 300 training, educational, and documentary films for students and physicians during the 1950s and ’60s. While serving as a cameraman in the Army Signal C

  • Weyand, Frederick Carlton (United States Army general)

    Frederick Carlton Weyand, general (ret.), U.S. Army (born Sept. 15, 1916, Arbuckle, Calif.—died Feb. 10, 2010, Honolulu, Hawaii), served (1972–73) as the final commander of all United States military forces in Vietnam during the last year of the war. After graduating from the University of

  • Weyapiersenwah (Shawnee chief)

    Battle of Fallen Timbers: Context: …thus ceded his command to Blue Jacket (Weyapiersenwah), a Shawnee chief. Under Blue Jacket’s direction, an Indian army of some 1,500 warriors positioned themselves ahead of the legion’s anticipated path so that they could ambush the Americans. They found a clearing covered in fallen trees from a recent tornado and…

  • Weybright, Victor (American publisher)

    history of publishing: The Great Depression: …was later taken over by Victor Weybright, who subsequently established the highly successful New American Library for the mass promotion of paperbacks in the world market.

  • Weyden, Rogier van der (Netherlandish painter)

    Rogier van der Weyden, Northern Renaissance painter who, with the possible exception of Jan van Eyck, was the most influential northern European artist of his time. Though most of his work was religious, he produced secular paintings (now lost) and some sensitive portraits. Rogier was the son of a

  • Weyerhaeuser Company (American corporation)

    Frederick Weyerhaeuser: …an acre, thus founding the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, centred in Tacoma, Wash.

  • Weyerhaeuser Timber Company (American corporation)

    Frederick Weyerhaeuser: …an acre, thus founding the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, centred in Tacoma, Wash.

  • Weyerhaeuser, Frederick (American businessman)

    Frederick Weyerhaeuser, American lumber capitalist who put together a syndicate owning millions of acres of timberland, as well as sawmills, paper mills, and other processing plants. An immigrant who left Germany when he was 18, Weyerhaeuser started in the lumber business as a sawmill worker in

  • Weyerhaeuser, Friedrich (American businessman)

    Frederick Weyerhaeuser, American lumber capitalist who put together a syndicate owning millions of acres of timberland, as well as sawmills, paper mills, and other processing plants. An immigrant who left Germany when he was 18, Weyerhaeuser started in the lumber business as a sawmill worker in

  • Weygand Line (World War II)

    Battle of France: Destruction of the Weygand Line: By early June 1940 Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and the Netherlands had fallen, the British had been driven into the sea, and the Germans had taken more than one million Allied prisoners in the space of three weeks. The new French front along the…

  • Weygand, Maxime (French general)

    Maxime Weygand, French army officer who in World War I served as chief of staff under Gen. (later Marshal) Ferdinand Foch and who in World War II, as commander in chief of the Allied armies in France, advised the French government to capitulate (June 12, 1940). Born in Belgium but educated in

  • Weyl, Carl J. (German-American art director)
  • Weyl, Claus Hugo Hermann (German-American mathematician)

    Hermann Weyl, German American mathematician who, through his widely varied contributions in mathematics, served as a link between pure mathematics and theoretical physics, in particular adding enormously to quantum mechanics and the theory of relativity. As a student at the University of G?ttingen

  • Weyl, Hermann (German-American mathematician)

    Hermann Weyl, German American mathematician who, through his widely varied contributions in mathematics, served as a link between pure mathematics and theoretical physics, in particular adding enormously to quantum mechanics and the theory of relativity. As a student at the University of G?ttingen

  • Weyler y Nicolau, Valeriano, marqués de Tenerife (Spanish general)

    Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, marquis de Tenerife, Spanish general who, as captain general of Cuba shortly before the outbreak of the Spanish–American War (1898), used stern antirebel measures that were exploited by U.S. newspapers to inflame public opinion against Spanish rule of Cuba. Weyler

  • Weymouth (Massachusetts, United States)

    Weymouth, town (township), Norfolk county, eastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies on Hingham Bay and the Weymouth Fore and Weymouth Back rivers, just southeast of Boston. The township embraces the villages of South, North, and East Weymouth. Settled in 1622 as the Wessaguscus (or Wessagusset)

  • Weymouth and Portland (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Weymouth and Portland, borough, administrative and historic county of Dorset, southern England. It consists of the port of Weymouth (the administrative centre), on the English Channel, and, south of Weymouth, the peninsular Isle of Portland, which culminates in a point at the Bill of Portland.

  • Weymouth pine (tree, Pinus species)

    tree: Tree height growth: Trees like the preformer eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) have a single flush per year followed by formation of a dormant terminal bud. Other species have several flushes per year, but each flush is followed by formation of a terminal bud.

  • Weymouth, Richard Francis (British philologist and biblical scholar)

    Richard Francis Weymouth, philologist and biblical scholar who made one of the major 20th-century translations of the New Testament into modern English. After graduation from University College, London, he received the first Doctor of Literature degree from the University of London (1868). A

  • Weymouth, Thomas Thynne, 3rd Viscount (British politician)

    Thomas Thynne, 1st marquess of Bath, politician who, as 3rd Viscount Weymouth, held important office in the British government during two critical periods in the reign of George III. Although he was an outstanding orator, his dissolute habits (gambling and heavy drinking), indolence, and

  • Weymouth, Tina (American musician)

    Talking Heads: ), bassist Tina Weymouth (b. November 22, 1950, Coronado, California, U.S.), and keyboardist Jerry Harrison (b. February 21, 1949, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.).

  • Weyprecht, Karl (polar explorer)

    Karl Weyprecht, Arctic explorer who discovered Franz Josef Land, an archipelago north of Russia, and who advanced a successful scheme for international cooperation in polar scientific investigations. Under the sponsorship of the Austrian government, with Julius Payer as his lieutenant, Weyprecht

  • Weyrich, Paul (American political figure)

    Paul Weyrich, American political figure (born Oct. 7, 1942, Racine, Wis.—died Dec. 18, 2008, Fairfax, Va.), helped found (1973) the Heritage Foundation, a prominent conservative think tank, and the Committee for the Survival of a Free Congress (1974; later known as the Free Congress Foundation),

  • wff (logic)

    set theory: Schemas for generating well-formed formulas: The ZFC “axiom of extension” conveys the idea that, as in naive set theory, a set is determined solely by its members. It should be noted that this is not merely a logically necessary property of equality but an assumption about the membership…

  • WFMT (American radio station)

    Studs Terkel: …the Chicago fine arts station WFMT; his show, which went by a few different names over the years, ran through January 1, 1998. Though the program was originally intended as a forum for music, Terkel’s famous interviews came to dominate his broadcasts.

  • WFP (UN)

    World Food Programme (WFP), organization established in 1961 by the United Nations (UN) to help alleviate world hunger. Its headquarters are in Rome, Italy. The WFP’s programs are aimed at helping the more than 15 percent of the world’s population that is hungry. Its Food-For-Life program aids

  • WFP (American organization)

    Witness for Peace (WFP), U.S. nonprofit organization founded in 1983 by faith-based activists in response to the U.S. government’s funding of the contras, the counterrevolutionaries fighting to overthrow the left-wing Sandinista government of Nicaragua. WPF sought to change U.S. policies toward

  • WFP (astronomy)

    Hubble Space Telescope: …important of these instruments, the wide-field planetary camera, can take either wide-field or high-resolution images of the planets and of galactic and extragalactic objects. This camera is designed to achieve image resolutions 10 times greater than that of even the largest Earth-based telescope. A faint-object camera can detect an object…

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