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  • What’s My Line? (American television show)

    Bennett Cerf: …the popular television show “What’s My Line?” (1952–68).

  • What’s New, Pussycat? (film by Donner and Talmadge [1965])

    Woody Allen: Youth and early work: …the screenplay for the film What’s New, Pussycat? (1965), in which he also appeared. Allen made his first film, What’s Up, Tiger Lily? (1966), by redubbing a James Bond-like Japanese action film, International Secret Police: Key of Keys (1965), and shifting its focus to the pursuit of a top-secret recipe…

  • What’s Opera, Doc? (animated film by Jones [1950])

    Bugs Bunny: What’s Opera, Doc? (1957)—an animated masterpiece which cast Bugs and Elmer Fudd in the roles of Brunhild and Siegfried in a hilariously tweaked adaptation of Richard Wagner’s The Ring of the Nibelung—was the first cartoon short to be inducted into the National Film Registry of…

  • What’s the 411? (album by Blige)

    Mary J. Blige: …of her first solo album, What’s the 411?, produced primarily by rapper Sean “Puffy” Combs (Diddy). That album revealed the pain of Blige’s childhood while presenting a unique sound that mixed classic soul with hip-hop and urban contemporary rhythm and blues, redefining soul music and influencing a generation of artists.

  • What’s Up, Doc? (film by Bogdanovich [1972])

    Peter Bogdanovich: Films: What’s Up, Doc? (1972) was less impressive though still a commercial hit. A sometimes strained tribute to Hawks’s Bringing Up Baby (1938), it starred Ryan O’Neal as a musicology professor who lugs around a suitcase full of prehistoric rocks and Barbra Streisand as the madcap…

  • What’s Up, Tiger Lily? (film by Allen [1966])

    Woody Allen: Youth and early work: Allen made his first film, What’s Up, Tiger Lily? (1966), by redubbing a James Bond-like Japanese action film, International Secret Police: Key of Keys (1965), and shifting its focus to the pursuit of a top-secret recipe for egg salad. A year later Allen played Bond’s nephew in Casino Royale. In…

  • Whately, Richard (English author and archbishop)

    Richard Whately, Anglican archbishop of Dublin, educator, logician, and social reformer. The son of a clergyman, Whately was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, and took holy orders. While at Oxford, he wrote his satiric Historic Doubts Relative to Napoleon Bonaparte (1819), in which he attacked the

  • Whatever (novel by Houellebecq)

    Michel Houellebecq: …domaine de la lutte (1994; Whatever; film 1999) featured an unnamed computer technician. This book brought him a wider audience. He then published another volume of poetry, the bleak Le Sens du combat (1996; The Art of Struggle).

  • Whatever Gods May Be (work by Maurois)

    André Maurois: …Quesnay (1926) and Climats (1928; Whatever Gods May Be), focus on middle-class provincial life, marriage, and the family. As a historian he demonstrated his interest in the English-speaking world with his popular histories: Histoire de l’Angleterre (1937; “History of England”) and Histoire des états-Unis (1943; “History of the United States”).…

  • Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? (made-for-television movie [1991])

    Vanessa Redgrave: Movies of the 1980s and ’90s: … (1990), and Blanche Hudson in What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1991), a remake of the Bette Davis–Joan Crawford film, in which Redgrave costarred with her sister, Lynn. She received a sixth Oscar nomination for her work in Howards End (1992).

  • Whatever Happened to Gloomy Gus of the Chicago Bears? (novel by Coover)

    Robert Coover: Among his other works were Whatever Happened to Gloomy Gus of the Chicago Bears? (1987), which casts Nixon as a simpleminded and lascivious football player during the 1930s in a work that skewers the superficial 20th-century notions of the “American Dream”; Pinocchio in Venice (1991); John’s Wife (1996); Ghost Town…

  • Whatever Works (film by Allen [2009])

    Woody Allen: 2000 and beyond: Whatever Works (2009) returned to the New York City setting of so many of Allen’s films. Larry David was magnificently irascible in a role that Allen might normally have played himself, a cranky Manhattanite who takes in a homeless teenage girl (Evan Rachel Wood) whose…

  • Whatizit (Olympic mascot)

    Olympic Games: Mascots: The strangest mascot was Whatizit, or Izzy, of the 1996 Games in Atlanta, Georgia, a rather amorphous “abstract fantasy figure.” His name comes from people asking “What is it?” He gained more features as the months went by, but his uncertain character and origins contrast strongly with the Athena…

  • whatnot (furniture)

    Whatnot, series of open shelves supported by two or four upright posts. The passion for collecting and displaying ornamental objects that began in the 18th century and was widespread in the 19th stimulated the production in England and the United States of this whimsically named piece of furniture.

  • wheal-and-flare reaction (allergic reaction)

    immune system disorder: Type I allergic reactions: Called a wheal-and-flare reaction, it includes swelling, produced by the release of serum into the tissues (wheal), and redness of the skin, resulting from the dilation of blood vessels (flare). If the injected antigen enters the bloodstream and interacts with basophils in the blood as well as…

  • wheat (plant)

    Wheat, any of several species of cereal grasses of the genus Triticum (family Poaceae) and their edible grains. Wheat is one of the oldest and most important of the cereal crops. Of the thousands of varieties known, the most important are common wheat (Triticum aestivum), used to make bread; durum

  • Wheat Belt (region, Western Australia, Australia)

    Wheat Belt, principal crop-growing region of Western Australia, occupying about 60,000 square miles (160,000 square km) in the southwestern section of the state. Served by the Perth-Albany Railway, the crescent-shaped belt is delineated on the west by a line drawn from Geraldton south through

  • Wheat Belt (region, North America)

    Wheat Belt, the part of the North American Great Plains where wheat is the dominant crop. The belt extends along a north-south axis for more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) from central Alberta, Can., to central Texas, U.S. It is subdivided into winter wheat and spring wheat areas. The southern area,

  • wheat bread (food)

    Bread, baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods throughout the world. The first bread was made in Neolithic times, nearly 12,000

  • wheat bug (insect)

    cereal farming: Insects: …evidence of attacks from the wheat bug (Aelia and Eurygaster species). The eggs are laid in the spring, and the new generation appears in the summer. When the wheat is harvested, the bugs leave the stubble field and migrate to nearby foliage for the winter. Wheat bugs puncture the grain…

  • Wheat Fields (painting by Ruisdael)

    Jacob van Ruisdael: 1668–70; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), Wheat Fields (c. 1670; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City), and his numerous views of Haarlem—display panoramas of the flat Dutch countryside. The horizon is invariably low and distant and dominated by a vast, clouded sky. Sometimes the small figures in his pictures were…

  • wheat flake (food)

    cereal processing: Flaked cereals: The manufacture of wheat flakes is similar to that of corn flakes. Special machinery separates the individual grains so that they can be flaked and finally toasted.

  • Wheat Mother (anthropology)

    Rice Mother: …the last sheaf is designated Wheat Mother, Barley Mother, and other grain names).

  • Wheatbelt (region, Western Australia, Australia)

    Wheat Belt, principal crop-growing region of Western Australia, occupying about 60,000 square miles (160,000 square km) in the southwestern section of the state. Served by the Perth-Albany Railway, the crescent-shaped belt is delineated on the west by a line drawn from Geraldton south through

  • wheatear (bird)

    Wheatear, (genus Oenanthe), any of a group of approximately 20 species of thrushes belonging to the family Muscicapidae. (Some classifications place these birds in family Turdidae.) They resemble wagtails in having pied plumage and the tail-wagging habit (with body bobbing). Wheatears are about 15

  • wheatgrass (plant)

    Wheatgrass, (genus Agropyron), genus of wheatlike grasses in the family Poaceae, found throughout the North Temperate Zone. Several species, including desert wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum) and crested wheatgrass (A. cristatum), are good forage plants and are often used as soil binders in the

  • wheatgrass (beverage)

    wheatgrass: Wheatgrass is also the name of juice derived from seedlings of true wheat (Triticum aestivum), sometimes consumed as a health food.

  • Wheatland (house, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States)

    James Buchanan: Retirement: …(March 4), Buchanan retired to Wheatland, his home near Lancaster. His reputation suffered during his years in retirement. Congress, the Republican Party, President Lincoln, the U.S. military, and national newspapers all ridiculed his handling of the Fort Sumter crisis and his failure to prevent the secession of Southern states. The…

  • Wheatley, John (British politician)

    John Wheatley, British Labourite politician, champion of the working classes. Educated in village schools in Lanarkshire, Scot., Wheatley worked in the coal mines until 1891. After serving two years on the Lanarkshire county council, he was elected to the Glasgow city council in 1912. He was also

  • Wheatley, Paul (American author)

    urban culture: Definitions of the city and urban cultures: …of cities within their societies, Paul Wheatley in The Pivot of the Four Quarters (1971) has taken the earliest form of urban culture to be a ceremonial or cult centre that organized and dominated a surrounding rural region through its sacred practices and authority. According to Wheatley, only later did…

  • Wheatley, Phillis (American poet)

    Phillis Wheatley, the first black woman poet of note in the United States. The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in 1761 and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatley, as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. She was treated kindly in the

  • Wheaton (Illinois, United States)

    Wheaton, city, seat (1867) of DuPage county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It is a suburb of Chicago, located about 25 miles (40 km) west of downtown. The first settlers (1837) were Erastus Gary and brothers Warren and Jesse Wheaton, all of whom came from New England. The site was laid out in 1853

  • Wheaton College (college, Wheaton, Illinois, United States)

    Wheaton College, private, coeducational liberal arts college in Wheaton, Illinois, U.S. Wheaton College began as a preparatory school, the Illinois Institute, built by Wesleyan Methodists in 1854. It became a college in 1860 and was renamed for an early donor, Warren L. Wheaton, who also cofounded

  • Wheaton College (college, Norton, Massachusetts, United States)

    Wheaton College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Norton, Massachusetts, U.S. It is a liberal arts college offering bachelor’s degree programs in such areas as biological and physical sciences, computer science, economics, music, psychology, and humanities. Students may

  • Wheaton Female Seminary (college, Norton, Massachusetts, United States)

    Wheaton College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Norton, Massachusetts, U.S. It is a liberal arts college offering bachelor’s degree programs in such areas as biological and physical sciences, computer science, economics, music, psychology, and humanities. Students may

  • Wheaton, Henry (American jurist)

    Henry Wheaton, American maritime jurist, diplomat, and author of a standard work on international law. After graduation from Rhode Island College (now Brown University) in 1802, Wheaton practiced law at Providence from 1806 to 1812. He moved to New York City in 1812 to become editor of the National

  • Wheatstone bridge (electrical instrument)

    bridge: The Wheatstone bridge has four arms, all predominantly resistive. A bridge can measure other quantities in addition to resistance, depending upon the type of circuit elements used in the arms. It can measure inductance, capacitance, and frequency with the proper combination and arrangement of inductances and…

  • Wheatstone, Sir Charles (British physicist)

    Sir Charles Wheatstone, English physicist who popularized the Wheatstone bridge, a device that accurately measured electrical resistance and became widely used in laboratories. Wheatstone was appointed professor of experimental philosophy at King’s College, London, in 1834, the same year that he

  • Whedon, Joseph Hill (American screenwriter, producer, and director)

    Joss Whedon, American screenwriter, producer, director, and television series creator best known for his snappy dialogue and his original series featuring strong females in lead roles, including the cult TV hit Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003). Whedon was raised in Manhattan the son of a

  • Whedon, Joss (American screenwriter, producer, and director)

    Joss Whedon, American screenwriter, producer, director, and television series creator best known for his snappy dialogue and his original series featuring strong females in lead roles, including the cult TV hit Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003). Whedon was raised in Manhattan the son of a

  • wheel

    Wheel, a circular frame of hard material that may be solid, partly solid, or spoked and that is capable of turning on an axle. A Sumerian (Erech) pictograph, dated about 3500 bc, shows a sledge equipped with wheels. The idea of wheeled transportation may have come from the use of logs for rollers,

  • wheel and axle (machine)

    Wheel and axle, basic machine component for amplifying force. In its earliest form it was probably used for raising weights or water buckets from wells. Its principle of operation is demonstrated by the large and small gears attached to the same shaft, as shown at A in the illustration. The

  • wheel animalcule (invertebrate)

    Rotifer, any of the approximately 2,000 species of microscopic, aquatic invertebrates that constitute the phylum Rotifera. Rotifers are so named because the circular arrangement of moving cilia (tiny hairlike structures) at the front end resembles a rotating wheel. Although common in freshwater on

  • wheel bug (insect)

    assassin bug: Predatory behaviour: The wheel bug (Arilus cristatus) is recognized by the notched semicircular crest on the top of the thorax. The adult is brown to gray and large, about 25 to 36 mm (1 to 1.5 inches); the nymph is red with black marks. Wheel bugs occur in…

  • wheel farthingale (clothing)

    farthingale: …an elongated torso, and the Italian farthingale, which was a smaller and more delicate version, balanced equally at the hips and frequently worn alone as a skirt.

  • wheel feat (sport)

    weight throw: The roth cleas, or wheel feat, reputedly was a major test of the ancient Tailteann Games in Ireland. The competition consisted of various methods of throwing: from shoulder or side, with one or two hands, and with or without a run. The implements used varied widely…

  • wheel lock (firearm ignition device)

    Wheel lock, device for igniting the powder in a firearm such as a musket. It was developed in about 1515. The wheel lock struck a spark to ignite powder on the pan of a musket. It did so by means of a holder that pressed a shard of flint or a piece of iron pyrite against an iron wheel with a milled

  • Wheel of Fortune (American television game show)

    Television in the United States: The return of the game show: …away, and shows such as Wheel of Fortune (NBC, 1975–89; syndication, 1983– ) and Jeopardy! (NBC, 1964–75; 1978–79; syndication, 1984– ) were among the best syndicated performers throughout the 1980s and ’90s. Any negative associations left over from the quiz show scandals had dissipated, and, more important, the shows were…

  • wheel train (clock mechanism)

    clock: The wheelwork: The wheelwork, or train, of a clock is the series of moving wheels (gears) that transmit motion from a weight or spring, via the escapement, to the minute and hour hands. It is most important that the wheels and pinions be made accurately and…

  • wheel tree (plant)

    Trochodendrales: Trochodendron aralioides, of South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan, is a small broadleaf evergreen tree up to 12 metres (about 40 feet) in height with pinnately veined leaves (i.e., the leaves have a midrib from which comblike lateral veins arise) and flowers in clusters at the…

  • wheel window (architecture)

    Rose window, in Gothic architecture, decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass. Scattered examples of decorated circular windows existed in the Romanesque period (Santa Maria in Pomposa, Italy, 10th century). Only toward the middle of the 12th century, however, did the idea appear

  • wheel, the (clothing)

    farthingale: …with variations such as the French farthingale, also known as the wheel, or great, farthingale, which was tilted upward in the back, often with the help of a padded pillow called a “bum roll,” to create the illusion of an elongated torso, and the Italian farthingale, which was a smaller…

  • wheelchair

    Wheelchair, any seating surface (e.g., a chair) that has wheels affixed to it in order to help an individual move from one place to another. Wheelchairs range from large, bulky, manually powered models to high-tech electric-powered models that can climb stairs. The modern standard wheelchair design

  • wheelchair fencing (sport)

    fencing: Wheelchair fencing: One of fencing’s most recent developments is wheelchair fencing, which was introduced by German-born English neurosurgeon Sir Ludwig Guttmann at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Aylesbury, England. Fencing was one of many sports therapies Guttmann introduced for World War II veterans who had suffered…

  • Wheeldon, Christopher (British-born dancer and choreographer)

    Christopher Wheeldon, British-born ballet soloist and choreographer, known for his work with the New York City Ballet and its connected institution, the School of American Ballet. In his work Wheeldon shunned trendiness and preferred the classical and lyrical to the more contemporary. Wheeldon was

  • wheeled armoured carrier (military vehicle)

    armoured vehicle: Wheeled armoured vehicles: Many countries have also developed wheeled armoured carriers to serve in a variety of roles, including infantry transport, reconnaissance, antitank defense, fire support, engineering, command and control, and medical evacuation. Wheeled vehicles generally have advantages over tracked vehicles in improved on-road performance, better fuel economy, and lower maintenance costs. They…

  • wheeled armoured vehicle (military vehicle)

    armoured vehicle: Wheeled armoured vehicles: Many countries have also developed wheeled armoured carriers to serve in a variety of roles, including infantry transport, reconnaissance, antitank defense, fire support, engineering, command and control, and medical evacuation. Wheeled vehicles generally have advantages over tracked vehicles in improved on-road performance, better fuel economy, and lower maintenance costs. They…

  • wheeled plow (agricultural tool)

    history of the organization of work: Agricultural production: The wheeled plow, gradually introduced over several centuries, further reinforced communal work organization. Earlier plows had merely scratched the surface of the soil. The new plow was equipped with a heavy knife (colter) to dig under the surface, thereby making strip fields possible. Yet because the…

  • wheeler (horse)

    driving and coaching: …respectively, the leaders and the wheelers. Three horses, two wheelers and a single leader, are known as a unicorn team. In Russia and Hungary three horses are driven abreast, the centre horse trotting and the outside horses galloping; such a team is known as a troika.

  • Wheeler Peak (mountain peak, Nevada, United States)

    bristlecone pine: …stand of these pines on Wheeler Peak in eastern Nevada is known to contain several trees over 3,000 years old and was the site of the Prometheus tree, which was cut down and dated to be just under 5,000 years old. The Methuselah tree of the White Mountains of California…

  • Wheeler Peak (mountain peak, New Mexico, United States)

    Wheeler Peak, highest point (13,161 feet [4,011 metres]) in New Mexico, U.S. The peak is located in Taos county, 70 miles (113 km) north-northeast of Santa Fe, in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and within Carson National Forest. It was named for Major George M. Wheeler, who surveyed the area during

  • Wheeler, Burton (American politician)

    Hollywood blacklist: …began in 1941, when Senators Burton Wheeler and Gerald Nye led an investigation of Hollywood’s role in promoting Soviet propaganda. Wendell Willkie, the lawyer who defended the studios, revealed the senators’ conflation of Judaism with communism, casting the senators as anti-Semites rather than patriots. Those hearings

  • Wheeler, Earle (United States general)

    Tet Offensive: The American response: Earle Wheeler, Westmoreland renewed an earlier request for more troops. His request was initially denied, however, as Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson did not desire any expansion of the ground war.

  • Wheeler, Ella (American poet and journalist)

    Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American poet and journalist who is perhaps best remembered for verse tinged with an eroticism that, while rather oblique, was still unconventional for her time. Ella Wheeler from an early age was an avid reader of popular literature, especially the novels of E.D.E.N.

  • Wheeler, George M. (American surveyor)

    Rocky Mountains: Study and exploration: …the 100th-meridian survey led by George Wheeler (1872–79), and the expeditions to the Green and Colorado rivers in Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, and southern Nevada led by John Wesley Powell (1871–79). The maps and preliminary observations of these important surveys laid the groundwork for the great mass of scientific research that…

  • Wheeler, Harvey (American political scientist)

    Harvey Wheeler, American political scientist and writer (born Oct. 17, 1918, Waco, Texas—died Sept. 6, 2004, Carpinteria, Calif.), was the author of numerous nonfiction political science books but was best known for the work of fiction he co-wrote with Eugene Burdick, Fail-Safe (1962), which—with i

  • Wheeler, John Archibald (American physicist)

    John Archibald Wheeler, physicist, the first American involved in the theoretical development of the atomic bomb. He also originated a novel approach to the unified field theory and popularized the term black hole. Wheeler, who was the son of librarians, first became interested in science as a boy

  • Wheeler, John Harvey (American political scientist)

    Harvey Wheeler, American political scientist and writer (born Oct. 17, 1918, Waco, Texas—died Sept. 6, 2004, Carpinteria, Calif.), was the author of numerous nonfiction political science books but was best known for the work of fiction he co-wrote with Eugene Burdick, Fail-Safe (1962), which—with i

  • Wheeler, Joseph (Confederate general)

    Joseph Wheeler, Confederate cavalry general during the American Civil War. Wheeler entered the U.S. cavalry from West Point in 1859 but soon resigned to enter the Confederate service. He commanded a brigade at the Battle of Shiloh (April 6–7, 1862), but soon afterward he returned to the cavalry

  • Wheeler, Kenneth Vincent John (Canadian musician)

    Kenny Wheeler, (Kenneth Vincent John Wheeler), Canadian jazz musician (born Jan. 14, 1930, Toronto, Ont.—died Sept. 18, 2014, London, Eng.), played graceful, lyrical, and often pastoral melodies with a clear, bright tone on trumpet; he also composed scores that were notable for their adventurous,

  • Wheeler, Kenny (Canadian musician)

    Kenny Wheeler, (Kenneth Vincent John Wheeler), Canadian jazz musician (born Jan. 14, 1930, Toronto, Ont.—died Sept. 18, 2014, London, Eng.), played graceful, lyrical, and often pastoral melodies with a clear, bright tone on trumpet; he also composed scores that were notable for their adventurous,

  • Wheeler, Laura (American artist)

    Laura Wheeler Waring, American painter and educator who often depicted African American subjects. The daughter of upper-class parents, Laura Wheeler graduated from Hartford (Connecticut) High School (with honours) during a time when few African American women attended school. In 1908 she entered

  • Wheeler, Lyle (American art director)
  • Wheeler, Lyle R. (American art director)
  • Wheeler, Mount (mountain, New Mexico, United States)

    Taos: …above sea level, culminating in Mount Wheeler (13,161 feet [4,011 metres]), the highest point in New Mexico. Western Taos county is a plateau region with isolated mountains, including Ute Peak (10,093 feet [3,076 metres]). The Rio Grande flows through the Picuris Range in a deep gorge, curving from north to…

  • Wheeler, Simon (fictional character)

    Simon Wheeler, fictional character, the garrulous, folksy storyteller in “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” and “Jim Wolfe and the Tom-cats,” both short stories by Mark

  • Wheeler, Sir Mortimer (British archaeologist)

    Sir Mortimer Wheeler, British archaeologist noted for his discoveries in Great Britain and India and for his advancement of scientific method in archaeology. After education at Bradford Grammar School and University College London and military service in World War I, Wheeler directed excavations of

  • Wheeler, Sir Robert Eric Mortimer (British archaeologist)

    Sir Mortimer Wheeler, British archaeologist noted for his discoveries in Great Britain and India and for his advancement of scientific method in archaeology. After education at Bradford Grammar School and University College London and military service in World War I, Wheeler directed excavations of

  • Wheeler, William A. (vice president of United States)

    William A. Wheeler, 19th vice president of the United States (1877–81) who, with Republican President Rutherford B. Hayes, took office by the decision of an Electoral Commission appointed to rule on contested electoral ballots in the 1876 election. Wheeler was the son of Almon Wheeler, a lawyer,

  • Wheeler, William Almon (vice president of United States)

    William A. Wheeler, 19th vice president of the United States (1877–81) who, with Republican President Rutherford B. Hayes, took office by the decision of an Electoral Commission appointed to rule on contested electoral ballots in the 1876 election. Wheeler was the son of Almon Wheeler, a lawyer,

  • Wheeler, William Morton (American entomologist)

    William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist recognized as one of the world’s foremost authorities on ants and other social insects. Two of his works, Ants: Their Structure, Development, and Behavior (1910) and Social Life Among the Insects (1923), long served as standard references on their

  • Wheeler-Hill, James (American political leader)

    German-American Bund: …in 1940 its national secretary, James Wheeler-Hill, was convicted of perjury. After the United States’ entry into World War II, the Bund disintegrated.

  • Wheeler-Howard Act (United States [1934])

    Indian Reorganization Act, (June 18, 1934), measure enacted by the U.S. Congress, aimed at decreasing federal control of American Indian affairs and increasing Indian self-government and responsibility. In gratitude for the Indians’ services to the country in World War I, Congress in 1924

  • Wheeler-Lea Act (United States [1938])

    quackery: Legislation to curb quackery: …Act of 1938 and the Wheeler-Lea Act (also 1938) provided a certain amount of governmental control over claims made in advertising, in newspapers and magazines, over radio and television, in circulars, and on labels. Such controls are exercised only on products in interstate commerce, however. Individual states vary in the…

  • Wheeler-Nicholson, Malcolm (American writer)

    DC Comics: Corporate history: Pulp writer Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in 1934. The following year the company published New Fun—the first comic book to feature entirely new material rather than reprints of newspaper strips. In need of cash, Wheeler-Nicholson partnered with magazine distributors Harry Donenfeld and Jack Liebowitz and…

  • Wheelhouse (album by Paisley)

    Brad Paisley: With Wheelhouse (2013) Paisley continued to explore issues of cultural identity, though with mixed results. Whereas the zippy single “Southern Comfort Zone” set a nostalgic tribute to Southern heritage against an expansive view of the world beyond, the ballad “Accidental Racist,” which featured rapper LL Cool…

  • Wheeling (West Virginia, United States)

    Wheeling, city, seat of Ohio county, in the northern panhandle of West Virginia, U.S. It lies on the Ohio River (there bridged to Martins Ferry, Bridgeport, and Bellaire, Ohio). The site was settled in 1769 by the Zane family. The name Wheeling supposedly is derived from a Delaware Indian term

  • Wheeling Conventions (United States history)

    West Virginia: Civil War and statehood: Subsequent meetings at Wheeling (May 1861), dominated by the western delegates, declared the Ordinance of Secession to be an illegal attempt to overthrow the federal government, although the ordinance was approved by a majority of Virginia voters. Opponents of secession reconvened for a second Wheeling convention (June), which…

  • Wheelock College (college, Boston, Massachusetts, United States)

    Lucy Wheelock: …and in 1941 it became Wheelock College.

  • Wheelock School (college, Boston, Massachusetts, United States)

    Lucy Wheelock: …and in 1941 it became Wheelock College.

  • Wheelock, Eleazar (American educator)

    Eleazar Wheelock, American educator who was founder and first president of Dartmouth College. Wheelock graduated from Yale in 1733, studied theology, and in 1735 became a Congregationalist minister at Lebanon, Conn. He was a popular preacher throughout the period of the Great Awakening. When a free

  • Wheelock, John (American educator)

    Dartmouth College case: …of a religious controversy, removed John Wheelock as college president in 1815. In response, the New Hampshire legislature passed an act amending the charter and establishing a board of overseers to replace the trustees. The trustees then sued William H. Woodward, college secretary and ally of Wheelock, but lost in…

  • Wheelock, Lucy (American educator)

    Lucy Wheelock, American educator who was an important figure in the developmental years of the kindergarten movement in the United States. Wheelock graduated from high school in 1874 and taught for two years in her native village. In 1876 she enrolled in the Chauncy Hall School in Boston to prepare

  • Wheels of Fire (album by Cream)

    Cream: …its third and best-selling album, Wheels of Fire (1968), a mixture of studio and live recordings densely packed into two records that became the first platinum-selling (over 1,000,000 units sold) double album. It showcased “White Room,” arguably the group’s most popular song, which layered haunting vocals on top of shimmering…

  • wheelwork (clock mechanism)

    clock: The wheelwork: The wheelwork, or train, of a clock is the series of moving wheels (gears) that transmit motion from a weight or spring, via the escapement, to the minute and hour hands. It is most important that the wheels and pinions be made accurately and…

  • Wheelwright, William (American businessman and promoter)

    William Wheelwright, U.S. businessman and promoter, responsible for opening the first steamship line between South America and Europe and for building some of the first railroad and telegraph lines in Argentina, Chile, and Peru. Wheelwright came from a Puritan New England family and was educated at

  • wheeze (pathology)

    diagnosis: Auscultation: Wheezes, musical sounds heard mostly during expiration, are caused by rapid airflow through a partially obstructed airway, as in asthma or bronchitis. Pleural rubs sound like creaking leather and are caused by pleural surfaces roughened by inflammation moving against each other, which occurs in patients…

  • Whelan, John Francis (Irish author)

    Sean O’Faolain, Irish writer best known for his short stories about Ireland’s lower and middle classes. He often examined the decline of the nationalist struggle or the failings of Irish Roman Catholicism. His work reflects the reawakening of interest in Irish culture stimulated by the Irish

  • Whelan, Wendy (American ballet dancer)

    Wendy Whelan, American ballet dancer who performed for three decades (1984–2014) with New York City Ballet (NYCB) and was celebrated for her technical precision, modern sensibility, and defined musculature. Whelan grew up in Louisville, where her mother enrolled her in ballet classes at age three.

  • Wheldale, Muriel (British biochemist)

    Muriel Wheldale Onslow, British biochemist whose study of the inheritance of flower colour in the common snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) contributed to the foundation of modern genetics. She also made important discoveries concerning the biochemistry of pigment molecules in plants, particularly the

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