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  • whipbird (bird)

    Whipbird, either of the four songbird species of the Australian genus Psophodes, assigned to various families depending on the classification used. They are named for the voice of the eastern whipbird (P. olivaceus): the male gives a long whistle and a loud crack, and the female answers instantly

  • Whiplash (film by Chazelle [2014])

    Damien Chazelle: …of a scene from his Whiplash screenplay and submitted to the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, where it won both the short-film jury prize and enough financing to create the feature-length version. That film, also featuring Simmons but with Miles Teller as the drummer, was nominated for the Academy Award for…

  • whiplash (cervical spine injury)

    Whiplash, injury to the cervical spine and its soft tissues caused by forceful flexion or extension of the neck, especially that occurring during an automobile accident. It may involve sprain, fracture, or dislocation and may vary greatly in location, extent, and degree. Sometimes it is

  • Whippet (tank)

    tank: World War I: …and in 1918 the 14-ton Medium A appeared with a speed of 8 miles (13 km) per hour and a range of 80 miles (130 km). After 1918, however, the most widely used tank was the French Renault F.T., a light six-ton vehicle designed for close infantry support.

  • whippet (breed of dog)

    Whippet, hound breed developed in mid-19th-century England to chase rabbits for sport in an arena. The breed was developed from terriers and small English greyhounds; Italian greyhounds were later bred in to give the whippet a sleek appearance. A greyhoundlike dog standing 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56

  • Whippet, the (British cricketer)

    Brian Statham, (“George,” “the Whippet”), British cricketer (born June 17, 1930, Gorton, near Manchester, Eng.—died June 11, 2000, Manchester), was one of England’s finest fast bowlers, renowned for his extraordinary accuracy and consistency. In his long playing career for Lancashire (1950–68, c

  • whipping (hull vibration)

    ship: Structural integrity: Whipping is a hull vibration with a fundamental two-noded frequency. It can produce stresses similar in magnitude to the quasi-static wave-bending stresses. It also can produce very high local stresses in the vicinity of the reentry impact.

  • whipping (punishment)

    Flogging, a beating administered with a whip or rod, with blows commonly directed to the person’s back. It was imposed as a form of judicial punishment and as a means of maintaining discipline in schools, prisons, military forces, and private homes. The instruments and methods of flogging have

  • whipping (food processing)

    dairy product: Additions and treatment: …increased by 50 percent by whipping in air—or, better still, nitrogen or an inert gas in order to prevent oxidation of the fat. Whipped butter, both salted and sweet, is sold in small plastic-coated tubs.

  • Whipple procedure (medicine)

    pancreatic cancer: Treatment: …are often treated with the Whipple procedure, a complicated surgical approach that removes all or part of the pancreas and nearby lymph nodes, the gallbladder, and portions of the stomach, small intestine, and bile duct. Serious complications often arise following this procedure, which requires an extensive hospital stay and considerable…

  • Whipple Shield (aerospace technology)

    interplanetary dust particle: … use a “dust bumper,” or Whipple shield (named for its inventor, the American astronomer Fred Whipple), to guard against damage from micrometeoroids and orbiting debris. Spacesuits intended for extravehicular activity also incorporate micrometeoroid protection in their outer layers.

  • Whipple’s cholla (cactus)
  • Whipple, Dorothy (English writer)

    Dorothy Whipple, English novelist and short-story writer whose works, set largely in the north of England, excavate the everyday experiences of middle-class households of her era. She grew up in Blackburn as one of eight children of Walter Stirrup, a local architect, and his wife, Ada. In 1917 she

  • Whipple, Fred L. (American astronomer)

    Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (born Nov. 5, 1906, Red Oak, Iowa—died Aug. 30, 2004, Cambridge, Mass.), was an expert on meteors, meteorites, and comets. In 1950 he hypothesized that a comet has a nucleus that is made up of a mixture of dust and frozen water, ammonia, methane, and c

  • Whipple, George H. (American pathologist)

    George H. Whipple, American pathologist whose discovery that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs will reverse the effects of anemia led directly to successful liver treatment of pernicious anemia by the American physicians George R. Minot and William P. Murphy. This major advance in the

  • Whipple, George Hoyt (American pathologist)

    George H. Whipple, American pathologist whose discovery that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs will reverse the effects of anemia led directly to successful liver treatment of pernicious anemia by the American physicians George R. Minot and William P. Murphy. This major advance in the

  • Whipple, George Hoyt (American pathologist)

    George H. Whipple, American pathologist whose discovery that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs will reverse the effects of anemia led directly to successful liver treatment of pernicious anemia by the American physicians George R. Minot and William P. Murphy. This major advance in the

  • Whipple, Henry B. (American bishop)

    Faribault: …Sioux and Ojibwa missions of Henry B. Whipple, first Episcopal bishop of Minnesota, who organized several schools (since moved or merged into the current Shattuck–St. Mary’s School). State schools for the deaf (1863) and blind (1866) are in the city. Agriculture includes dairying and the production of hogs, turkeys, corn…

  • Whipple, Squire (American engineer)

    Squire Whipple, U.S. civil engineer, inventor, and theoretician who provided the first scientifically based rules for bridge construction. After graduating from Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., in 1830, Whipple conducted surveys for several railroad and canal projects and made surveying

  • whippoorwill (bird)

    Whippoorwill, (Caprimulgus vociferus), nocturnal bird of North America belonging to the family Caprimulgidae (see caprimulgiform) and closely resembling the related common nightjar of Europe. It is named for its vigorous deliberate call (first and third syllables accented), which it may repeat 400

  • whipsaw (tool)

    hand tool: Saw: …blade with two handles (a whipsaw), but more often it was constructed as a frame saw, which used less steel and put the blade under tension.

  • Whipsaw (film by Wood [1935])

    Sam Wood: Films with the Marx Brothers: Whipsaw (1935) was another Loy vehicle, this time offering her as a jewel thief who is pursued by a persistent FBI agent (Spencer Tracy). The Unguarded Hour (1936) was a complicated but stagy mystery starring Franchot Tone and Loretta Young.

  • Whipsnade Wild Animal Park (park, Dunstable, England, United Kingdom)

    Dunstable: Whipsnade Zoo, the country branch of the London Zoological Gardens, was opened in 1931; it occupies 500 acres (200 hectares) on the Chiltern Hills near Dunstable. The London Gliding Club also has its headquarters nearby. Pop. (2001) Dunstable urban area, 50,775; (2011) Dunstable town, 36,253.

  • whipstock (tool)

    petroleum production: Directional drilling: …a mechanical device called the whipstock. This consisted of an inclined plane on the bottom of the drill pipe that was oriented in the direction the well was intended to take. The drill bit was thereby forced to move off in the proper direction. A more recent technique makes use…

  • whiptail (lizard)

    Racerunner, (genus Cnemidophorus), any of about 60 species of lizards in the family Teiidae. The genus is common in North America, particularly in the southwestern deserts, and its range extends through Central America and across South America to Argentina. Species also occur on some islands,

  • whiptail (marsupial)

    wallaby: The pretty-faced wallaby, or whiptail (M. elegans, or M. parryi), with distinctive cheek marks, is found in open woods of coastal eastern Australia.

  • whipworm (nematode)

    Whipworm, any of certain worms of the genus Trichuris, phylum Nematoda, especially T. trichiura, that are parasitic in the large intestine of man and other mammals. They are so named because of the whiplike shape of the body. Infestation in humans, particularly in children, occurs through the

  • Whirlaway (racehorse)

    Whirlaway, (foaled 1938), American racehorse (Thoroughbred) who in 1941 became the fifth winner of the American Triple Crown by tallying victories at the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes. In 1936 a syndicate of breeders formed by Warren Wright, Sr., consummated a deal in

  • whirligig beetle (insect)

    Whirligig beetle, (family Gyrinidae), any of about 700 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are widespread throughout the world and are usually seen in groups, spinning and whirling around on the surfaces of quiet ponds or lakes. Whirligig beetles prey on insects and other creatures

  • whirling dervish (Sufi order)

    Mawlawīyah, fraternity of Sufis (Muslim mystics) founded in Konya (Qonya), Anatolia, by the Persian Sufi poet Rūmī (d. 1273), whose popular title mawlānā (Arabic: “our master”) gave the order its name. The order, propagated throughout Anatolia, controlled Konya and environs by the 15th century and

  • Whirlpool (film by Allen [1959])

    Lewis Allen: Allen’s last movies were Whirlpool (1959), a British production filmed in West Germany, and Decision at Midnight (1963), a political thriller starring Martin Landau.

  • whirlpool (oceanography)

    Whirlpool, rotary oceanic current, a large-scale eddy that is produced by the interaction of rising and falling tides. Similar currents that exhibit a central downdraft are termed vortexes and occur where coastal and bottom configurations provide narrow passages of considerable depth. Slightly

  • Whirlpool (film by Preminger [1949])

    Otto Preminger: Challenges to the Production Code: In the noir Whirlpool (1949), a scheming hypnotist (José Ferrer) frames a kleptomaniac (Tierney) for a murder he committed. Tierney then reunited with her Laura costar Andrews on Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950), in which a violent policeman accidentally kills a suspect during an interrogation. Both pictures received…

  • Whirlpool Galaxy (astronomy)

    galaxy: Sc galaxies: …(1) galaxies, such as the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51), that have thin branched arms that wind outward from a tiny nucleus, usually extending out about 180° before branching into multiple segments, (2) systems with multiple arms that start tangent to a bright ring centred on the nucleus, (3) those with arms…

  • Whirlwind (computer)

    Whirlwind, the first real-time computer—that is, a computer that can respond seemingly instantly to basic instructions, thus allowing an operator to interact with a “running” computer. It was built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) between 1948 and 1951. Whirlwind was designed and

  • whirlwind (meteorology)

    Whirlwind, a small-diameter columnar vortex of rapidly swirling air. A broad spectrum of vortices occurs in the atmosphere, ranging in scale from small eddies that form in the lee of buildings and topographic features to fire storms, waterspouts, and tornadoes. While the term whirlwind can be

  • Whisenant, Edward (American author)

    eschatology: Renewed interest in eschatology: …in the late 1980s with Edgar Whisenant’s 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Will Happen in 1988 (significantly, 40 years after the creation of the State of Israel), the premillennial dispensationalism became increasingly prominent in the United States and Latin America. Led by such figures as Pat Robertson, Oral Roberts, and…

  • whisk fern (plant genus)

    Whisk fern, either of the two species of the primitive fern genus Psilotum in the family Psilotaceae of the order Psilotales and the class Psilotopsida of the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants). A whisk fern has water- and food-conducting tissues but lacks true leaves and roots.

  • whisk fern (plant division)

    plant: Class Psilotopsida: Psilotopsida (whisk ferns) is a class represented by two living genera (Psilotum and Tmesipteris) and several species that are restricted to the subtropics. This unusual group of small herbaceous plants is characterized by a leafless and rootless body possessing a stem that exhibits a…

  • whisker (statistics)

    statistics: Exploratory data analysis: Finally lines, called whiskers, extend from one end of the rectangle to the smallest data value and from the other end of the rectangle to the largest data value. If outliers are present, the whiskers generally extend only to the smallest and largest data values that are not…

  • whiskered owl (bird)

    owl: Ecology: The whiskered owl (Otus trichopsis) takes flying insects in foliage. Fish owls (Ketupa and Scotopelia) are adapted for taking live fish but also eat other animals. Specialized forms of feeding behaviour have been observed in some owls. The elf owl (Micrathene whitneyi), for instance, has been…

  • whiskered swift (bird)

    crested swift: The 29-centimetre-long whiskered tree swift (H. mystacea) of Southeast Asia is mostly black.

  • whiskered tree swift (bird)

    crested swift: The 29-centimetre-long whiskered tree swift (H. mystacea) of Southeast Asia is mostly black.

  • whiskers (hair)

    Vibrissae, stiff hairs on the face or nostrils of an animal, such as the whiskers of a cat. Vibrissae often act as tactile organs. The hairlike feathers around the bill and eyes of insect-feeding birds are called vibrissae, as are the paired bristles near the mouth of certain flies and the

  • whiskey (distilled liquor)

    Whiskey, any of several distilled liquors made from a fermented mash of cereal grains and including Scotch, Irish, and Canadian whiskeys and the various whiskeys of the United States. Whiskey is always aged in wooden containers, usually of white oak. The name, spelled without an e by the Scots and

  • Whiskey Rebellion (United States history)

    Whiskey Rebellion, (1794), in American history, uprising that afforded the new U.S. government its first opportunity to establish federal authority by military means within state boundaries, as officials moved into western Pennsylvania to quell an uprising of settlers rebelling against the liquor

  • Whiskey Ring (United States history)

    Whiskey Ring, in U.S. history, group of whiskey distillers (dissolved in 1875) who conspired to defraud the federal government of taxes. Operating mainly in St. Louis, Mo., Milwaukee, Wis., and Chicago, Ill., the Whiskey Ring bribed Internal Revenue officials and accomplices in Washington in order

  • Whiskey Tango Foxtrot (film by Ficarra and Requa [2016])

    Tina Fey: …War in the dark comedy Whiskey Tango Foxtrot (2016). She had guest spots on various TV shows and a recurring role in the series Great News (2017–18). In 2019 Fey appeared in the Poehler-directed Netflix movie Wine Country and the Amazon anthology series Modern Love, which was based on the…

  • whisky (distilled liquor)

    Whiskey, any of several distilled liquors made from a fermented mash of cereal grains and including Scotch, Irish, and Canadian whiskeys and the various whiskeys of the United States. Whiskey is always aged in wooden containers, usually of white oak. The name, spelled without an e by the Scots and

  • whisky (carriage)

    One-horse shay, open two-wheeled vehicle that was the American adaptation of the French chaise. Its chairlike body, seating the passengers on one seat above the axle, was hung by leather braces from a pair of square wooden springs attached to the shafts. Early one-horse shays had fixed standing

  • Whisky-A-Go-Go (nightclub, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    Buffalo Springfield: …a six-week gig at the Whisky-A-Go-Go club on Sunset Strip, the band polished their sound and refined their image, later gaining a record label—Atlantic subsidiary Atco. Their biggest hit, “For What It’s Worth” (1967), about clashes between youth and police on Sunset Strip, remains evocative of the era’s spirit and…

  • whisper (speech)

    Whisper, speech in which the vocal cords are held rigid, preventing the vibration that produces normal sounds. In whispering, voiceless sounds are produced as usual; but voiced sounds (e.g., vowels) are produced by forcing air through a narrow glottal opening formed by holding the vocal cords

  • whispering chamber (physics)

    conic section: Post-Greek applications: …architects created a fad for whispering galleries—such as in the U.S. Capital and in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London—in which a whisper at one focus of an ellipsoid (an ellipse rotated about one axis) can be heard at the other focus, but nowhere else. From the ubiquitous parabolic satellite dish…

  • Whispering Death (West Indian cricketer)

    Michael Holding, West Indian cricketer, a dominant fast bowler who starred on the powerful West Indian international team of the 1970s and ’80s. In 60 Tests he earned 249 wickets, and in 102 one-day internationals, he took 142 wickets. In 1981 Holding bowled what many cricket historians regard as

  • whist (card game)

    Whist, trick-taking card game developed in England. The English national card game has passed through many phases of development, being first recorded as trump (1529), then ruff, ruff and honours, whisk and swabbers, whisk, and finally whist in the 18th century. In the 19th century whist became the

  • Whist Club (American organization)

    bridge: Laws of bridge: …Club of London and the Whist Club of New York became traditionally the lawmaking bodies for rubber auction bridge, the game played chiefly in clubs and private homes. With the rise of duplicate and tournament bridge in the 1930s and ’40s, the ACBL and the European Bridge League became predominant…

  • whist for three (card game)

    whist: Miscellaneous variants: Whist for three is known under various names, such as sergeant major, eight-five-three, and nine-five-two. Many varieties of this are popular worldwide, especially in the armed services. Typically, each player is dealt 16 cards one at a time, and 4 cards are dealt facedown as…

  • whistle (musical instrument)

    Whistle, short flute having a stopped lower end and a flue that directs the player’s breath from the mouth hole at the upper end against the edge of a hole cut in the whistle wall, causing the enclosed air to vibrate. Most forms have no finger holes and sound only one pitch. It was made originally

  • Whistle (work by Jones)

    American literature: Realism and metafiction: …Thin Red Line [1962], and Whistle [1978]) that centred on loners who resisted adapting to military discipline. Younger novelists, profoundly shaken by the bombing of Hiroshima and the real threat of human annihilation, found the conventions of realism inadequate for treating the war’s nightmarish implications. In Catch-22 (1961), Joseph Heller…

  • Whistle Down the Wind (film by Forbes [1961])

    Whistle Down the Wind, British film drama, released in 1961, that marked Bryan Forbes’s directorial debut and is a cult favourite in England. The plot centres on a murder suspect and escaped convict (played by Alan Bates) who hides in a family’s barn and is discovered by a group of children who

  • whistle flute (musical instrument)

    Fipple flute, any of several end-blown flutes having a plug (“block,” or “fipple”) inside the pipe below the mouth hole, forming a flue, duct, or windway that directs the player’s breath alternately above and below the sharp edge of a lateral hole. This arrangement causes the enclosed air column to

  • whistle register (voice)

    speech: The basic registers: …by a fourth register, the flageolet or whistle register of the highest coloratura sopranos. The Italian term falsetto simply means false soprano, as in a castrato (castrated) singer. Hence, the normal female cannot have a falsetto voice.

  • whistleblower

    Whistleblower, an individual who, without authorization, reveals private or classified information about an organization, usually related to wrongdoing or misconduct. Whistleblowers generally state that such actions are motivated by a commitment to the public interest. Although the term was first

  • Whistleblower, The (film by Kondracki [2010])

    Vanessa Redgrave: Movies from the 21st century: …to Juliet and the drama The Whistleblower, about the United Nations’ role in a sex-trafficking scandal in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Anonymous (2011), which advanced the theory that the plays attributed to Shakespeare were written by Edward de Vere, 17th earl of Oxford, Redgrave portrayed Elizabeth I. She then appeared…

  • whistleblowing

    Whistleblower, an individual who, without authorization, reveals private or classified information about an organization, usually related to wrongdoing or misconduct. Whistleblowers generally state that such actions are motivated by a commitment to the public interest. Although the term was first

  • Whistlecraft, William and Robert (English diplomat and writer)

    John Hookham Frere, British diplomat and man of letters. Frere was educated at Eton, where he met the future statesman George Canning (with whom he collaborated on The Anti-Jacobin), and at the University of Cambridge. He entered the Foreign Office, in 1799 becoming undersecretary of state for

  • whistler (electromagnetic wave)

    Whistler, electromagnetic wave propagating through the atmosphere that occasionally is detected by a sensitive audio amplifier as a gliding high-to-low-frequency sound. Initially, whistlers last about half a second, and they may be repeated at regular intervals of several seconds, growing

  • whistler (bird)

    Goldeneye, either of two species of small, yellow-eyed diving ducks (family Anatidae), which produce a characteristic whistling sound with their rapidly beating wings. The common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) breeds throughout the Northern Hemisphere; the major breeding areas of Barrow’s

  • whistler (bird)

    Thickhead, any of about 35 species constituting the songbird family Pachycephalidae (order Passeriformes), considered by some authors to be a subfamily of Muscicapidae. Thickheads have heavy-looking, seemingly neckless foreparts and are named alternatively for their loud, melodious voices.

  • Whistler’s Mother (painting by Whistler)

    James McNeill Whistler: …of the Artist’s Mother or Whistler’s Mother).

  • Whistler, George (American engineer)

    railroad: The railroad in continental Europe: …5-foot (1,524-mm) gauge that Major George Whistler of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad proposed for Russia was the same as the regional “Southern” gauge adopted by John Jervis for the South Carolina Railroad in 1833.

  • Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (American artist)

    James McNeill Whistler, American-born artist noted for his paintings of nocturnal London, for his striking and stylistically advanced full-length portraits, and for his brilliant etchings and lithographs. An articulate theorist about art, he did much to introduce modern French painting into

  • Whistler, James McNeill (American artist)

    James McNeill Whistler, American-born artist noted for his paintings of nocturnal London, for his striking and stylistically advanced full-length portraits, and for his brilliant etchings and lithographs. An articulate theorist about art, he did much to introduce modern French painting into

  • whistling atmospheric (electromagnetic wave)

    Whistler, electromagnetic wave propagating through the atmosphere that occasionally is detected by a sensitive audio amplifier as a gliding high-to-low-frequency sound. Initially, whistlers last about half a second, and they may be repeated at regular intervals of several seconds, growing

  • whistling duck (bird)

    Whistling duck, (genus Dendrocygna), any of eight species of long-legged and long-necked ducks that utter sibilant cries and may make whirring wing sounds in flight; these distinctive ducks are separated from other members of the family Anatidae (order Anseriformes) as a tribe Dendrocygnini.

  • whistling hare (mammal)

    Pika, (genus Ochotona), small short-legged and virtually tailless egg-shaped mammal found in the mountains of western North America and much of Asia. Despite their small size, body shape, and round ears, pikas are not rodents but the smallest representatives of the lagomorphs, a group otherwise

  • whistling pine (plant)

    Casuarinaceae: Some, especially the beefwood (C. equisetifolia, also called she-oak, ironwood, Australian pine, whistling pine, or swamp oak), also are used ornamentally in warm-climate countries, where they have often escaped cultivation and become established in the wild.

  • whistling swan (bird)

    Whistling swan, (Cygnus columbianus), species of North American swan that calls with a soft musical note. It has a black bill, usually with a small yellow spot near the eye. It breeds in the Arctic tundra and winters in shallow fresh or salt water, especially along eastern and western U.S.

  • Whiston, William (Anglican priest and mathematician)

    William Whiston, Anglican priest and mathematician who sought to harmonize religion and science, and who is remembered for reviving in England the heretical views of Arianism. Ordained in 1693, Whiston served from 1694 to 1698 as chaplain to John Moore, Anglican bishop of Norwich. During this

  • Whitaker, Alexander (English clergyman)

    Protestantism: Virginia: The Reverend Alexander Whitaker, the “apostle of Virginia,” wrote to his London Puritan cousin in 1614: “But I much more muse, that so few of our English ministers, that were so hot against the surplice and subscription, come hither where neither is spoken of.” The church in…

  • Whitaker, Forest (American actor and director)

    Forest Whitaker, American actor and director who was known for his riveting and deeply nuanced portrayals of a wide variety of characters in movies and on television, whether he was in a leading role or playing a minor character. Whitaker grew up in Los Angeles. He played football in high school

  • Whitaker, Forest Steven (American actor and director)

    Forest Whitaker, American actor and director who was known for his riveting and deeply nuanced portrayals of a wide variety of characters in movies and on television, whether he was in a leading role or playing a minor character. Whitaker grew up in Los Angeles. He played football in high school

  • Whitaker, Matthew (American attorney)

    Donald Trump: Russia investigation: …appointed as acting attorney general Matthew Whitaker, Sessions’s former chief of staff, who had been an outspoken critic of the Russia investigation before joining the Justice Department. Controversy over whether Whitaker should recuse himself from the investigation was soon overshadowed, however, by Trump’s nomination in December of William Barr as…

  • Whitaker, Pernell (American boxer)

    Pernell Whitaker, American professional boxer, world lightweight (135 pounds), junior welterweight (140 pounds), welterweight (147 pounds), and junior middleweight (154 pounds) champion in the 1980s and ’90s. Whitaker was a left-handed boxer who excelled at the defensive aspect of the sport. He had

  • Whitaker, Sir Frederick (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Sir Frederick Whitaker, solicitor, politician, and businessman who served twice as prime minister of New Zealand (1863–64; 1882–83). He was an advocate of British annexation in the Pacific and of the confiscation of Maori lands for settlement. After studying law, Whitaker went to Sydney as a

  • Whitall, Hannah (American evangelist and reformer)

    Hannah Whitall Smith, American evangelist and reformer, a major public speaker and writer in the Holiness movement of the late 19th century. Hannah Whitall grew up in a strict Quaker home and had from childhood a deep concern with religion and a habit of introspection. In 1851 she married Robert

  • Whitbread Book Awards (literary award)

    Costa Book Awards, series of literary awards given annually to writers resident in the United Kingdom and Ireland for books published there in the previous year. The awards are administered by the British Booksellers Association. Established in 1971, they were initially sponsored by the British

  • Whitbread Literary Awards (literary award)

    Costa Book Awards, series of literary awards given annually to writers resident in the United Kingdom and Ireland for books published there in the previous year. The awards are administered by the British Booksellers Association. Established in 1971, they were initially sponsored by the British

  • Whitby (England, United Kingdom)

    Whitby, town (parish), borough of Scarborough, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northeastern England. It is situated at the mouth of the River Esk on the North Sea. The old port town is clustered on the east side of the harbour where it breaches the forbidding

  • Whitby, Daniel (Anglican scholar)

    eschatology: Early progressive millennialism: …the Anglican polemicist and commentator Daniel Whitby provided such convincing support for the progressive argument that he has often been credited with creating it. American Puritans were also interested in the millennium, especially Jonathan Edwards, who adopted progressive millennialism and discussed it at length in his uncompleted History of the…

  • Whitby, Synod of (English Church history)

    Synod of Whitby, a meeting held by the Christian Church of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria in 663/664 to decide whether to follow Celtic or Roman usages. It marked a vital turning point in the development of the church in England. Though Northumbria had been mainly converted by Celtic

  • Whitcher, Frances Miriam Berry (American writer)

    Frances Miriam Berry Whitcher, American writer whose popular satirical sketches lampooned small-town pomposities and intolerance. Miriam Berry early displayed marked talents for writing (usually satiric verses and humorous sketches) and for drawing caricatures, but her gifts were little appreciated

  • Whitchester and Eskdale, Lord Scott of (English noble)

    James Scott, duke of Monmouth, claimant to the English throne who led an unsuccessful rebellion against King James II in 1685. Although the strikingly handsome Monmouth had the outward bearing of an ideal monarch, he lacked the intelligence and resolution needed for a determined struggle for power.

  • Whitcomb, Richard (American aeronautical engineer)

    Richard Whitcomb, American aeronautics engineer (born Feb. 21, 1921, Evanston, Ill.—died Oct. 13, 2009, Newport News, Va.), in the early 1950s formulated the aircraft design principle known as the “area rule,” which states that the drag, or resistance, on an airplane flying at high speed is a

  • white (colour)

    White, in physics, light seen by the human eye when all wavelengths of the visible spectrum combine. Like black, but unlike the colours of the spectrum and most mixtures of them, white lacks hue, so it is considered an achromatic colour. White and black are the most basic colour terms of languages.

  • White (film by Kie?lowski [1994])

    Krzysztof Kie?lowski: …Bleu (1993; Blue), Blanc (1994; White), and Rouge (1994; Red); respectively, they explored the themes of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The films were released several months apart and, although each can stand on its own, they were designed to be seen as a single entity. One theme, the frailty of…

  • White (Polish political group)

    Poland: The January 1863 uprising and its aftermath: …movement later known as the Whites grew around and partly out of the society. It included landowners and members of the bourgeoisie (often of German or Jewish origin), such as the banker Leopold Kronenberg. At this time a Polish-Jewish dialogue promoted close cooperation.

  • white adipocyte (biology)

    adipose cell: …two types of adipose cells: white adipose cells contain large fat droplets, only a small amount of cytoplasm, and flattened, noncentrally located nuclei; and brown adipose cells contain fat droplets of differing size, a large amount of cytoplasm, numerous mitochondria, and round, centrally located nuclei. The chief chemical constituents of…

  • white adipose cell (biology)

    adipose cell: …two types of adipose cells: white adipose cells contain large fat droplets, only a small amount of cytoplasm, and flattened, noncentrally located nuclei; and brown adipose cells contain fat droplets of differing size, a large amount of cytoplasm, numerous mitochondria, and round, centrally located nuclei. The chief chemical constituents of…

  • white adipose tissue (anatomy)

    adipose tissue: …two different types of adipose: white adipose tissue and brown adipose tissue. White adipose, the most common type, provides insulation, serves as an energy store for times of starvation or great exertion, and forms pads between organs. When muscles and other tissues need energy, certain hormones bind to adipose cells…

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