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  • white grease (lubricant)

    grease: White grease is made from inedible hog fat and has a low content of free fatty acids. Yellow grease is made from darker parts of the hog and may include parts used to make white grease. Brown grease contains beef and mutton fats as well…

  • white grub (insect larva)

    June beetle: June beetle larvae, called white grubs, are about 25 mm (1 inch) long and live in the soil. They can destroy crops (e.g., corn [maize], small grains, potatoes, and strawberries), and they can kill lawns and pastures by severing grasses from their roots.

  • White Guard, The (work by Bulgakov)

    Mikhail Bulgakov: …the novel Belaya gvardiya (The White Guard), serialized in 1925 but never published in book form. A realistic and sympathetic portrayal of the motives and behaviour of a group of anti-Bolshevik White officers during the civil war, it was met by a storm of official criticism for its lack…

  • White Guelfs (medieval Italian political faction)

    Florence: The early period: …merchants), the latter by the Whites (Bianchi; the lesser citizens).

  • white hake (fish)

    hake: …of this genus include the white hake (U. tenuis) and the red hake (U. chuss).

  • White Heat (film by Walsh [1949])

    White Heat, American crime film released in 1949 that is considered the definitive James Cagney vehicle and perhaps the best of the Warner Brothers crime dramas. Cody Jarrett (played by Cagney) is a cold-blooded killer who has an uncomfortable oedipal relationship with his domineering mother

  • white heath (plant)

    heath: The white, or tree, heath, or giant heather (E. arborea), found in the Mediterranean region and parts of Africa, is the source of briar root, used for making briarwood pipes. Some southern African species (e.g., E. melanthera, E. verticillata, and E. ventricosa) are cultivated in cool…

  • White Heather (British cricket club)

    cricket: Women’s cricket: In 1887 the first club, White Heather, was formed, and it survived to 1957. In 1890 two professional teams known collectively as the Original English Lady Cricketers were in action.

  • white helleborine (plant)

    helleborine: …most common British species is large white helleborine (C. damasonium). It has many long thick roots. The petals are borne close together, giving the flower a closed appearance. Large white helleborine is self-pollinating and hence does not require the action of an insect as do most other helleborines.

  • white henbane (plant)

    henbane: muticus) and white henbane (H. albus), yield three medicinal alkaloids—atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine—that can be purified for use in pharmaceuticals. The plants also are sometimes used in herbal and folk medicine. The leaves are used in illicit preparations of smoking mixtures and, in India, as a

  • White Hmong (cultural group)

    Hmong: …in Southeast Asia are the White Hmong and the Green Hmong, which may refer to the colour of women’s clothing. The White Hmong and the Green Hmong traditionally lived in separate villages, rarely intermarried, spoke different dialects, had different forms of women’s dress, and lived in houses of different architectural…

  • White Hmong dialect

    Hmong-Mien languages: Grammar and vocabulary: …also common, as in the White Hmong phrase /ntau ntau/ ‘very much,’ from the adverb /ntau/ ‘much.’

  • White Hoods (historical political party, France)

    Louis II: But the triumph of the White Hoods, as the popular party was called, was of short duration. On Nov. 27, 1382, Artevelde suffered a crushing defeat from a large French army at Roosebeke and was himself slain. Louis of Male died two years later, leaving his only daughter Margaret, duchess…

  • White Horde (ancient division, Mongol Empire)

    history of Central Asia: Mongol rule: Hereditary ruler of the White Horde, its pastures located in western Siberia and extending to the lower reaches of the Syr Darya, Tokhtamysh was able to enlarge his power base by uniting its resources with those of the Golden Horde, of which he eventually made himself master. He thus…

  • white horehound (herb)

    Horehound, (Marrubium vulgare), bitter perennial herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Horehound is native to Europe, North Africa, and Central Asia and has naturalized throughout much of North and South America. The leaves and flowering tops are used as flavouring for beverages and candies, and

  • White Horse, The (painting by Constable)

    John Constable: London: 2-foot) Stour scene The White Horse, which he showed at the 1819 Royal Academy exhibit, attracted public attention, generated critical approval, and helped bring about his election to become an Associate of the Royal Academy.

  • White Horse, Vale of (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Vale of White Horse, district, administrative county of Oxfordshire, historic county of Berkshire, England, lying southwest of Oxford. It encompasses the northern part of the historic county of Berkshire. The administrative centre is Abingdon. The district’s principal feature is a rich clay valley

  • White Hotel, The (novel by Thomas)

    D.M. Thomas: …best known for his novel The White Hotel (1981), in which fantasy and psychological insight are mingled.

  • White House (presidential office and residence, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    White House, the official office and residence of the president of the United States at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. in Washington, D.C. The White House and its landscaped grounds occupy 18 acres (7.2 hectares). Since the administration of George Washington (1789–97), who occupied presidential

  • White House (building, London, England, United Kingdom)

    James McNeill Whistler: The move to London: …of his charming home, the White House in Chelsea. He went to Venice with his mistress, Maud Franklin. He remained there for 14 months and soon became a centre of attraction among the many foreign artists who congregated in the city. He seldom painted in oils there, however, and spent…

  • White House Correspondents’ Association (American journalism organization)

    White House press corps: The White House Correspondents’ Association, which began in 1914 as a social organization with 11 members, acted as a screening mechanism for admission to the president’s press conferences. The impetus was President Wilson’s threat to cease his press meetings after several journalists published his “off-the-record” comments…

  • White House Diary, A (work by Johnson)

    Lady Bird Johnson: …the basis of her book, A White House Diary (1970), which was one of the most complete and revealing accounts ever left by a president’s wife.

  • White House Down (film by Emmerich [2013])

    Jamie Foxx: …attack in the action entertainment White House Down (2013) and the villain Electro in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014). Foxx next portrayed a New York City mayoral candidate who takes a shine to the titular orphan in a remake (2014) of the classic musical Annie (1976). His film credits from…

  • White House of the Peppers (play by Lover)

    John Drew, Sr.: …Gerald Pepper in Samuel Lover’s White House of the Peppers.

  • White House press corps

    White House press corps, group of journalists from various news media who are based in offices within the White House and primarily cover the presidency of the United States. In covering the president (and other administration officials), they rely on daily briefings and news releases for

  • White House Press Secretary (United States government official)

    White House press secretary, senior U.S. official who oversees the communication of the executive branch of the U.S. government and who communicates on behalf of the U.S. president across print, broadcast, and Internet channels. The White House press secretary is appointed by the president. The

  • White House spokesman (United States government official)

    White House press secretary, senior U.S. official who oversees the communication of the executive branch of the U.S. government and who communicates on behalf of the U.S. president across print, broadcast, and Internet channels. The White House press secretary is appointed by the president. The

  • White House spokesperson (United States government official)

    White House press secretary, senior U.S. official who oversees the communication of the executive branch of the U.S. government and who communicates on behalf of the U.S. president across print, broadcast, and Internet channels. The White House press secretary is appointed by the president. The

  • White House spokeswoman (United States government official)

    White House press secretary, senior U.S. official who oversees the communication of the executive branch of the U.S. government and who communicates on behalf of the U.S. president across print, broadcast, and Internet channels. The White House press secretary is appointed by the president. The

  • White House, Chelsea, The (work by Girtin)

    Thomas Girtin: …in such late works as The White House, Chelsea (1800).

  • White Hun (people)

    Hephthalite, member of a people important in the history of India and Persia during the 5th and 6th centuries ce. According to Chinese chronicles, they were originally a tribe living to the north of the Great Wall and were known as Hoa or Hoadun. Elsewhere they were called White Huns or Hunas. They

  • White Hunter, Black Heart (film by Eastwood [1990])

    James Bridges: …years later Clint Eastwood directed White Hunter, Black Heart, which was based on a script cowritten by Bridges. Diagnosed with cancer, Bridges died in 1993. In 1999 the main screening venue of the UCLA Department of Film, Television and Digital Media was renamed the James Bridges Theater.

  • white ibis (bird)

    ibis: …northern South America, and the white ibis (E. albus) ranges in Central and North America.

  • white iron

    cast iron: …either so-called gray iron or white iron, the colours shown by fracture. Gray iron contains more silicon and is less hard and more machinable than is white iron. Both are brittle, but a malleable cast iron produced by a prolonged heat treatment was developed in France in the 18th century,…

  • white ironbark (plant)

    eucalyptus: Major species and uses: diversicolor); Tasmanian bluegum; white ironbark, or yellow gum (E. leucoxylon); jarrah (E. marginata); messmate stringybark (E. obliqua); red mahogany (E. resinifera); northern gray ironbark; and others. The bark of many species is used in papermaking and tanning.

  • White Island (island, New Zealand)

    White Island, island in the Bay of Plenty, 43 miles (69 km) west of Cape Runaway, eastern North Island, New Zealand. An active volcano, it is the top of a submarine vent at the northern end of the Taupo-Rotorua Volcanic Zone. With a total land area of about 1,000 acres (400 hectares), it rises to

  • White Jazz (novel by Ellroy)

    James Ellroy: Confidential (1990; film 1997), and White Jazz (1992). Perfidia (2014) was the first volume in his second L.A. Quartet. The novel, which chronologically precedes the events of the earlier series, features many of the same characters and evokes a similarly penumbral view of Los Angeles. The story continues in This…

  • White Jew (people)

    Cochin Jews: …division into three castelike groups—the Paradesis (White Jews), the Malabaris (Black Jews), and the Meshuchrarim (Brown Jews). Whereas they once numbered in the thousands, only about 50 Cochin Jews remained on the Malabar Coast in the early 21st century.

  • white jute (plant)

    jute: capsularis, or white jute, and C. olitorius, including both tossa and daisee varieties—belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), and their fibre. The latter is a bast fibre; i.e., it is obtained from the inner bast tissue of the bark of the plant’s stem. Jute fibre’s…

  • White Karen (people)

    Karen: One classification divides them into White Karen and Red Karen. The former consist of two groups, the Sgaw and the Pwo; the Red Karen include the Bre, the Padaung, the Yinbaw, and the Zayein. They occupy areas in southeastern Myanmar on both sides of the lower Salween River, in contiguous…

  • White King, The (work by Maximilian I)

    Maximilian I: Legacy: but wrote two poetical allegories, Weisskunig (“White King”) and Theuerdank (both largely autobiographical), and the Geheimes Jagdbuch, a treatise on hunting, and kept a bevy of poets and artists busy with projects that glorified his reign. His military talents were considerable and led him to use war to attain his…

  • White Knight (launch aircraft)

    SpaceShipOne: …SS1, a launch aircraft called White Knight (WK), a hybrid rocket engine system using rubber and liquid nitrous oxide as the fuels, and an avionics suite. Scaled Composites had previously developed dozens of unique composite material aircraft.

  • White Lady, The (opera by Boieldieu)

    Fran?ois-Adrien Boieldieu: …Riding Hood”), and his masterpiece, La Dame blanche (1825; “The White Lady”). Composed on a libretto by Eugène Scribe, derived from Sir Walter Scott’s novels The Lady of the Lake, Guy Mannering, and Monastery, it had received 1,700 performances by 1914. Boieldieu’s work illustrates the evolution of French operatic music…

  • White Lake (lake, Russia)

    Russia: Lakes: …these reach considerable size, notably Beloye (White) Lake and Lakes Top, Vyg, and Ilmen, each occupying more than 400 square miles (1,000 square km) in the European northwest, and Lake Chany (770 square miles [1,990 square km]) in southwestern Siberia.

  • white lead (pigment)

    White lead, any of several white pigments used in exterior paints and containing inorganic compounds of lead

  • White Leghorn (breed of chicken)

    leghorn: …the 12 varieties, the single-comb White Leghorn is more popular than all the other leghorns combined; the leading egg producer of the world, it lays white eggs and is kept in large numbers in England, Canada, Australia, and the United States.

  • white ligament (anatomy)

    ligament: …be of two major types: white ligament is rich in collagenous fibres, which are sturdy and inelastic; and yellow ligament is rich in elastic fibres, which are quite tough even though they allow elastic movement. At joints, ligaments form a capsular sac that encloses the articulating bone ends and a…

  • white light (optics)

    prism: …ordinary triangular prism can separate white light into its constituent colours, called a spectrum. Each colour, or wavelength, making up the white light is bent, or refracted, a different amount; the shorter wavelengths (those toward the violet end of the spectrum) are bent the most, and the longer wavelengths (those…

  • White Light/White Heat (album by the Velvet Underground)

    the Velvet Underground: …1968, after the release of White Light/White Heat, an album of extraordinary proto-punk ferocity. The 1950s rhythm-and-blues balladry and pop classicism that subtly flavoured Reed’s songwriting blossomed on The Velvet Underground (1969) and Loaded (1970). But the strain of commercial failure led Reed to quit in August 1970. A version…

  • White Lightning (song by the Big Bopper)

    George Jones: …reach number one was “White Lightning” (1959), a raucous novelty song written by his friend the rock-and-roll deejay, songwriter, and recording artist known as the Big Bopper. Other chart-toppers were “Tender Years” (1961) and “She Thinks I Still Care” (1962).

  • White Lotus (Chinese cult)

    China: Social organization: White Lotus sectarianism appealed to other Chinese, most notably to women and to the poor, who found solace in worship of the Eternal Mother, who was to gather all her children at the millennium into one family. The Qing state banned the religion, and it…

  • White Lotus Rebellion (Chinese history)

    White Lotus Rebellion, (1796–1804), large-scale uprising in the mountainous regions of central China that contributed to the decline of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12). The White Lotus society (Bailianjiao) was a religious cult already in existence in the Nan (Southern) Song dynasty (1127–1279).

  • white lung (pathology)

    Asbestosis, lung disease that is caused by the prolonged inhalation of asbestos fibres. A type of pneumoconiosis, it is found primarily among workers whose occupations involved asbestos, principally mining, construction, and the manufacture of insulation, fireproofing, cement products, and

  • white lupine (plant)

    lupine: …and a few species, especially white lupine, or wolf bean (L. alba), are useful as cover and forage crops.

  • white magic (occult practice)

    Middle Eastern religion: The role of magic: White, or protective, magic was never seriously discouraged. Black, or destructive, magic was frowned on by organized society, regardless of whether the official religion was monotheistic or polytheistic, because black magic makes its victims unfit for functioning productively in society. Section II of the Babylonian…

  • white mahogany (tree)

    Primavera, (species Cybistax donnel-smithii), timber tree of Central America with brilliant yellow flowers, or its firm light wood, often called white mahogany. Although the tree is unrelated to true mahogany, the wood resembles it in being easy to work, lustrous, and free of tendency to warp. When

  • white mangrove family (plant family)

    Myrtales: Family distributions and abundance: Combretaceae, the white mangrove or Indian almond family, has about 500 species in 14 genera of mostly trees and shrubs. The family is especially important along tropical seacoasts, in African savannas, and in Asiatic monsoon forests. It comprises mangrove species of muddy shores or estuaries,…

  • white maple (plant)

    Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum), large, spreading tree, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), popular as a rapid-growing shade tree. Native to eastern North America, it is widely cultivated elsewhere. It grows to 18 metres (60 feet)—higher under favourable conditions—with a short, stout trunk and

  • white marlin (fish)

    marlin: The white marlin (M. albida, or T. albidus) is limited to the Atlantic and is blue green with a paler belly and with pale vertical bars on its sides. Its maximum weight is about 45 kg (100 pounds).

  • White Material (film by Denis [2009])

    Isabelle Huppert: Versatility in the 1990s and 2000s: …exploration of colonialism’s effects in White Material (2009), in which she portrayed a French farmer defending her coffee plantation from rebels in an unnamed African country. In Tar?n naraes? (2012; In Another Country), a series of related vignettes set in South Korea, Huppert starred as three different women dealing with…

  • white matter (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Cerebrum: …is an inner core of white matter, which is composed of myelinated commissural nerve fibres connecting the cerebral hemispheres via the corpus callosum, and association fibres connecting different regions of a single hemisphere. Myelinated fibres projecting to and from the cerebral cortex form a concentrated fan-shaped band, known as the…

  • white meat

    meat processing: …the meat taken from mammals, white meat refers to the meat taken from fowl, seafood refers to the meat taken from fish and shellfish, and game refers to meat taken from animals that are not commonly domesticated. In addition, most commonly consumed meats are specifically identified by the live animal…

  • White Mercedes, The (novel by Pullman)

    Philip Pullman: … (1987), The Broken Bridge (1990), The White Mercedes (1992; reissued and adapted as the film The Butterfly Tattoo [2009]), The Firework-Maker’s Daughter (1995), The Scarecrow and the Servant (2004), and The Good Man Jesus and the Scoundrel Christ (2010). Fairy Tales from the Brothers Grimm: A New English Version (2012)…

  • white mica (mineral)

    White mica, fine-grained variety of any of the silicate minerals muscovite, paragonite, or talc

  • White Monkey, The (novel by Galsworthy)

    Forsyte family: …I era and consisting of The White Monkey (1924), The Silver Spoon (1926), and Swan Song (1928).

  • White Monks (religious order)

    Cistercian, member of a Roman Catholic monastic order that was founded in 1098 and named after the original establishment at C?teaux (Latin: Cistercium), a locality in Burgundy, near Dijon, France. The order’s founders, led by St. Robert of Molesme, were a group of Benedictine monks from the abbey

  • White Mosque (mosque, Ramla, Israel)

    Ramla: …fortifications, and, above all, the White Mosque (Al-Jāmi? al-Abya?). Only ruins of these remain, but the minaret of the White Mosque, the so-called White Tower, 89 feet (27 m) tall, added by the Mamlūk sultan Baybars (reigned 1260–77), still stands. During the First Crusade (1096–99), the city was captured and…

  • white moss (plant)

    Cushion moss, any of the plants of the genus Leucobryum (subclass Bryidae), which form tufts resembling giant grayish white pincushions in moist woods or swampy areas. Three or more species are native to North America. Cushion moss grows in dense clumps ranging from a few centimetres to a metre (1

  • White Mountain (mountain, Czech Republic)

    Prague: The landscape: …1,247 feet (380 metres) on White Mountain (Bílá hora). The climate of Prague is typically mid-continental, with temperatures there averaging 67 °F (19.3 °C) in July and 31 °F (?0.6 °C) in January.

  • White Mountain, Battle of (European history [1620])

    Battle of White Mountain, (Nov. 8, 1620), battle fought near Prague in Bohemia. The battle marked the first major victory of the Roman Catholic Habsburgs over the Protestant Union, a military alliance among the Protestant states of Germany, in the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48). The victory enabled

  • White Mountains (mountains, Maine-New Hampshire, United States)

    White Mountains, segment of the Appalachian Mountains, U.S., extending for 87 miles (140 km) across north-central New Hampshire and slightly into western Maine. They contain the highest elevations in the northeastern United States. The loftiest peaks, mostly between 5,000 and 6,000 feet (1,500 and

  • White Mountains (mountains, Alaska, United States)

    Alaskan mountains: Physiography of the central ranges: , the White Mountains) with average elevations of about 4,000 to 5,000 feet and a few ridges rising some 1,000 to 2,000 feet (300 to 600 metres) above those uplands. Many peaks exceed 6,000 feet in that sector. No glaciers are present in the region, and permafrost…

  • white mouth (medicine)

    Thrush, fungus infection characterized by raised white patches on the tongue that resemble milk curds. When gently scraped off, these patches reveal inflamed tissue that tends to bleed easily. Beginning on the tongue, the creamy white spots can spread to the gums, palate, tonsils, throat, and

  • white mulberry (plant)

    mulberry: Major species: White mulberry (M. alba), native to Asia but long cultivated in southern Europe, is so called because of the white fruits it bears; its leaves are used as food for silkworms. It is naturalized in eastern North America. Several useful varieties of the white mulberry…

  • white mustard (plant)

    White mustard, (Sinapis alba), annual herbaceous plant of the family Brassicaceae grown primarily for its pungent seeds, which are a source of the condiment known as mustard. Native to the Mediterranean region, white mustard has naturalized throughout much of the world and is an agricultural weed

  • White Mutiny

    Robert Clive: Clive’s administrative achievements: …faced with dauntless courage the White Mutiny of discontented officers, when for a time he stood almost alone in Bengal.

  • White Negro, The (essay by Mailer)

    Norman Mailer: …work was a long essay, The White Negro (1957), a sympathetic study of a marginal social type—the “hipster.”

  • White Nights (film by Hackford [1985])

    Gregory Hines: …The Cotton Club (1984), and White Nights (1985), in which he starred with Mikhail Baryshnikov. In the 1989 film Tap, he appeared alongside Sammy Davis, Jr., and other once well-known African American tap dancers. In 1989 he also won an Emmy Award for his television special Gregory Hines: Tap Dance…

  • White Nile Dam (dam, Sudan)

    Nile River: Climate and hydrology: The Jabal al-Awliyā? Dam south of Khartoum increases this ponding effect.

  • White Nile River (river, Africa)

    White Nile River, section of the Nile between Malakal, South Sudan, and Khartoum, Sudan. It is formed by the confluence of the Mountain Nile (Ba?r al-Jabal) and the Sobat River above Malakal, and it flows for about 500 miles (800 km) northeast and north past Al-Rank, Kūstī (railway bridge),

  • white nobility (Roman society)

    Rome: People: …great intimacy with the “white nobility,” whose titles were conferred by mere temporal rulers. The inhabitants who consider themselves the most nobly Roman of them all are the people of the Trastevere (“Across the Tiber”) district. In ancient times, Trastevere was the quarter for sailors and foreigners, whereas the…

  • white noise (music)

    White noise, in music, the effect of the complete range of audible sound-wave frequencies heard simultaneously, analogous to white light, which contains all the frequencies of the light spectrum. The sound of cymbals and snare drums has white-noise characteristics. Electronically synthesized white

  • white noise (acoustics)

    noise: White noise is a complex signal or sound that covers the entire range of audible frequencies, all of which possess equal intensity. White noise is analogous to white light, which contains roughly equal intensities of all frequencies of visible light. A good approximation to white…

  • White Noise (novel by DeLillo)

    Don DeLillo: White Noise (1985), which won the National Book Award for fiction, tells of a professor of Hitler studies who is exposed to an “airborne toxic event”; he discovers that his wife is taking an experimental substance said to combat the fear of death, and he…

  • White Noise (play by Parks)

    Suzan-Lori Parks: …and friendship are explored in White Noise (produced 2019), in which a struggling African American artist and victim of police brutality asks his white friend to buy him as his personal slave, for 40 days.

  • white nose syndrome (bat disease)

    White nose syndrome, disease affecting hibernating bats in North America that is caused by the growth of a white fungus known as Pseudogymnoascus destructans in the skin of the nose and ears and in the membrane covering the wings. White nose syndrome is the first epizootic (epidemic) disease

  • White Nossob (stream, Namibia)

    Nossob River: …by two intermittent streams, the White Nossob and the Black Nossob, both of which rise northeast of Windhoek (the national capital). Their confluence is north of Leonardville, which is located near the tropic of Capricorn. The Nossob then follows a southeasterly course, passing through the thick, porous sands of the…

  • white oak (tree)

    White oak, any member of a group or subgenus (Leucobalanus) of North American ornamental and timber shrubs and trees of the genus Quercus in the beech family (Fagaceae). White oaks have smooth, bristleless leaves, sometimes with glandular margins, and acorns with sweet-tasting seeds that mature in

  • White Oak Dance Project (American dance company)

    Mikhail Baryshnikov: In 1990 Baryshnikov created the White Oak Dance Project, a small touring company of experienced dancers, and served as its director until 2002. Three years later he founded the Baryshnikov Arts Center in New York City, a creative space that supports multidisciplinary artists from around the world.

  • White Oak Flats (Tennessee, United States)

    Gatlinburg, city, Sevier county, eastern Tennessee, U.S. It lies about 30 miles (50 km) southeast of Knoxville, at the northwestern entrance to Great Smoky Mountains National Park. English and Scotch-Irish settlers began to arrive along the Little Pigeon River about 1795; by 1835 the settlement was

  • White of Hull, Vincent Gordon Lindsay White, Baron (British entrepreneur)

    Vincent Gordon Lindsay White White of Hull, BARON, British business tycoon and ruthless takeover expert who used his formidable skills to build Hanson PLC into one of the U.K.’s largest international conglomerates (b. May 11, 1923--d. Aug. 23,

  • White on White (paintings by Malevich)

    Suprematism: His experiments culminated in the White on White paintings of 1917–18, in which colour was eliminated, and the faintly outlined square barely emerged from its background. At a one-man exhibition of his work in 1919 (“Tenth State Exhibition: Non-objective Creation and Suprematism”), Malevich announced the end of the Suprematist movement.

  • white opal (gemstone)

    opal: White opal, with light body colours, and fire opal, characterized by yellow, orange, or red body colour, are much more common.

  • white oryx (mammal)

    oryx: The Arabian, or white, oryx (O. leucoryx) is the smallest, 102 cm (40 inches) tall and weighing 75 kg (165 pounds), with only faint dark markings to offset its whitish coat. The scimitar-horned oryx (O. dammah), 120 cm (47 inches) tall and weighing 200 kg (440…

  • White Painting (painting series by Guston)

    Philip Guston: …developed shortly thereafter in his White Painting series. He employed small, hatched brushstrokes to build up a central area of delicate colour on a canvas of white background. This style, with its nuanced colours and lyrical tendencies, has sometimes been described as “abstract Impressionism.”

  • White Panther Party (American organization)

    the MC5: …after the Black Panthers, the White Panther Party, for which the MC5 became the ministers of information. (In that capacity they performed outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.) Their first album, Kick Out the Jams (1969), a live recording named after their signature song, captures the loud, raw…

  • White Paper (United Kingdom [1957])

    20th-century international relations: Great Britain and decolonization: A defense White Paper of 1957 signalled a shift away from conventional armed forces toward reliance on a cheap, national nuclear deterrent. Sputnik then convinced the British government to cancel its own ballistic-missile program and rely on its special relationship with the United States to procure modern…

  • White Paper (United Kingdom [1939])

    Israel: Immigration and conflict: …was rejected by the Arabs, London decided in 1939 to restrict Jewish immigration severely in the hope that it would retain Arab support against Germany and Italy. Palestine was thus largely closed off to Jews fleeing Nazi-dominated Europe during World War II. Despite this fact, the majority of the Jewish…

  • White Paper (United States [1949])

    20th-century international relations: The Chinese civil war: …August 5 a State Department White Paper announced the cessation of all aid to the Nationalists and concluded that “the ominous result of the civil war in China is beyond the control of the government of the United States.” The remaining Nationalists fled to the island of Formosa (Taiwan), and…

  • White Paper (United Kingdom government publication)

    government budget: Components of the budget: …February or March in a White Paper. The U.K. budget, usually presented in March, is mainly concerned with taxation and is represented in a separate volume entitled Financial Statement and Budget Report. This gives a general outline of budgetary strategy, details of proposed tax changes, and estimates of likely revenues,…

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