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  • Wild Strawberries (film by Bergman [1957])

    Wild Strawberries, Swedish film drama, released in 1957, that was acclaimed for the lead performance of Victor Sj?str?m. It was director Ingmar Bergman’s first commercial success in the United States. Revered medical doctor and professor Isak Borg (played by Sj?str?m) undertakes an extended car

  • Wild Swans at Coole, The (poem by Yeats)

    The Wild Swans at Coole, poem by William Butler Yeats, printed in The Little Review (June 1917) and published in a collection titled The Wild Swans at Coole (1917; enlarged, 1919). Comprising five six-line stanzas, this mature, reflective work addresses the onslaught of old age. In “The Wild Swans

  • wild sweet crab (tree)

    crabapple: …species are the garland, or sweet crab (M. coronaria); Oregon crabapple (M. fusca); prairie crabapple (M. ioensis); and southern crabapple (M. angustifolia).

  • Wild Thing (poem by Sapphire)

    Sapphire: …publication of her poem “Wild Thing” in a journal funded by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) propelled Sapphire, until then relegated to the New York poetry scene, to the centre of a national controversy over the NEA’s perceived endorsement of blasphemy. The furor that ensued after NEA…

  • Wild Thing (song by Taylor)

    British Invasion: …and others), the Troggs (“Wild Thing”), and Donovan (“Sunshine Superman”) all topped Billboard’s singles chart. These charming invaders had borrowed (often literally) American rock music and returned it—restyled and refreshed—to a generation largely ignorant of its historical and racial origins. In April 1966 Time magazine effectively raised the white…

  • wild thyme (plant)

    Lamiaceae: Wild thyme (T. praecox), with scented leaves, is a creeping plant that is native in Europe but naturalized in eastern North America. Its foliage and flower heads resemble those of garden thyme (T. vulgaris), the source of the kitchen herb.

  • Wild Tiger Corps (Thai paramilitary organization)

    Vajiravudh: …under his direct command, the Wild Tiger Corps, outside the regular armed forces. Resentment of this corps, coupled with youthful impatience with Siam’s slow political development, led to an abortive plot against him led by young army and navy officers in 1912. He frustrated and alienated not only conservatives, who…

  • wild tobacco (plant)

    Solanales: Tobacco: Another species, N. rustica, was the tobacco first taken to Europe by the Spanish in 1558; this tobacco continued to be used long after the milder Virginia tobacco (N. tabacum) was generally accepted. Tobacco is a robust, erect annual herb. Its leaves are prepared for use by…

  • wild turkey (bird)

    turkey: The best known is the common turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), a native game bird of North America that has been widely domesticated for the table. The other species is Agriocharis (or Meleagris) ocellata, the ocellated turkey. For unrelated but similar birds, see bustard (Australian turkey), megapode (brush turkey), and snakebird

  • wild type (genetics)

    heredity: Gene mutation: …in natural populations, called the wild type, as the standard against which to compare a mutant allele. Mutation can occur in two directions; mutation from wild type to mutant is called a forward mutation, and mutation from mutant to wild type is called a back mutation or reversion.

  • wild water buffalo (mammal)

    water buffalo: The wild water buffalo is sometimes referred to as a different species (B. arnee). It can interbreed with domestic water buffalo. This wild form is a huge animal, nearly 3 metres (10 feet) long and 2 metres tall and weighing up to 1,200 kg (2,600 pounds);…

  • Wild West show (popular entertainment)

    Wild West show, theatrical extravaganza begun in 1883 by William Frederick “Buffalo Bill” Cody. Cody, an Indian scout and Western hero, first turned to acting and then to producing and promoting his own Wild West show. In 1887 his show was performed at Madison Square Garden, New York City, with a

  • wild yak (mammal)

    yak: Wild yaks are sometimes referred to as a separate species (Bos mutus) to differentiate them from domestic yaks, although they are freely interbred with various kinds of cattle. Wild yaks are larger, the bulls standing up to 2 metres tall at the shoulder and weighing…

  • Wild, Earl (American pianist, composer, and teacher)

    Earl Wild, American pianist, composer, and teacher (born Nov. 26, 1915, Pittsburgh, Pa.—died Jan. 23, 2010, Palm Springs, Calif.), built an impressive career as one of the most technically accomplished pianists of any era. He was best known for his mastery of 19th-century Romantic showpieces and

  • Wild, Jack (British actor)

    Jack Wild, British actor (born Sept. 30, 1952, Royton, Lancashire, Eng.—died March 1, 2006, Tebworth, Bedfordshire, Eng.), achieved international fame as a teenager for his spirited portrayal of the Artful Dodger in the film musical Oliver! (1968), which earned him an Oscar nomination for best s

  • Wild, John Julian (British-born American physician)

    John Julian Wild, British-born American physician (born Aug. 11, 1914, Beckenham, Kent, Eng.—died Sept. 18, 2009, Edina, Minn.), pioneered the use of ultrasound technology for medical diagnosis. Wild worked as a surgeon in London during World War II and developed an aspiration tube for the

  • Wild, Jonathan (English criminal)

    Jonathan Wild, master English criminal of early 18th-century London, leader of thieves and highwaymen, extortionist, and fence for stolen goods. Married while in his teens, Wild at about the age of 21 deserted his wife and child for the life of London, where he quickly learned the criminal trade

  • Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, The (album by Springsteen)

    Bruce Springsteen: Early life and singer-songwriter period: and The Wild, the Innocent &amp; the E Street Shuffle, released in 1973, reflect folk rock, soul, and rhythm-and-blues influences, especially those of Van Morrison, Bob Dylan, and Stax/Volt Records. Springsteen’s voice, a rough baritone that he used to shout on up-tempo numbers and to more…

  • wild-man-of-the-woods cycle (poetic cycle)

    Celtic literature: Prose: The “wild-man-of-the-woods” cycle associated with Suibne Geilt had its origins in Strathclyde, where Irish and Brythonic literature must have been in contact at an early date; this mixture of hagiography, saga, and nature material was one of the most attractive stories of the later period.

  • wild-water racing (canoeing competition)

    Wild-water racing, competitive canoe or kayak racing down swift-flowing, turbulent streams called wild water (often “white water” in the United States). The sport developed from the riding of rapids in small boats and rafts, a necessary skill for explorers, hunters, and fishermen. Later it became

  • wildcat (mammal)

    Bobcat, (Lynx rufus), bobtailed North American cat (family Felidae), found from southern Canada to southern Mexico. The bobcat is a close relative of the somewhat larger Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis). A long-legged cat with large paws, a rather short body, and tufted ears, the bobcat is 60–100 cm

  • Wildcat (roller coaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States)

    roller coaster: Expansion in the United States: Indeed, the Wildcat at Rocky Springs (Lancaster, Pa.), built in 1928 by Philadelphia Toboggan, is considered the steepest wooden coaster ever made, with a reputed drop of 90 feet 3 inches (27.5 metres) at 60 degrees. It was demolished in 1984.

  • Wildcat (aircraft)

    Leroy Randle Grumman: With the F4F Wildcat, introduced in 1940, Grumman switched to monoplane construction. The F4F featured a folding wing for compact stowage and was the United States’ principal carrier-based fighter plane until Grumman’s F6F Hellcat entered service in 1943. The F6F showed the bulky, ungainly, teardrop-shaped lines for…

  • wildcat (mammal, Felis silvestris)

    Wildcat, (species Felis silvestris), a small wild member of the cat family (Felidae) native to Eurasia and Africa. There are some three to five subspecies. The name wildcat is also used as a general term for feral domestic cats and for any of the smaller wild species of the cat family. The nominate

  • wildcat bank (United States history)

    Wildcat bank, unsound bank chartered under state law during the period of uncontrolled state banking (1816–63) in the United States. Such banks distributed nearly worthless currency backed by questionable security (e.g., mortgages, bonds) and were located in inaccessible areas to discourage note

  • Wildcat Bill (American mountain man)

    William Thomas Hamilton, mountain man, trapper, and scout of the American West. Brought to America at age two, Hamilton grew up in St. Louis, Mo., and began trapping at an early age on the North Platte and Green rivers (in present-day Nebraska and Wyoming). He became an Indian fighter in the 1850s

  • wildcat strike (industrial relations)

    Wildcat strike, work stoppage undertaken by employees without the consent of their respective unions. Such strikes are not necessarily illegal, but they often violate terms of a collective bargaining agreement. The name is based on the stereotypical characteristics associated with wildcats:

  • Wildcats (film by Ritchie [1986])

    Michael Ritchie: The 1980s: Less popular was Wildcats (1986), a formulaic but efficient comedy that had Goldie Hawn as a teacher who quits her job in the suburbs to coach football at an inner-city high school; Wesley Snipes, LL Cool J, and Woody Harrelson—all of whom were appearing in their first credited…

  • Wilde (film by Gilbert [1997])

    Stephen Fry: …Irish writer Oscar Wilde in Wilde (1997). Fry made his directorial debut in 2003 with Bright Young Things, an adaptation of British writer Evelyn Waugh’s Vile Bodies (1930), a novel centred on the reckless frivolity of a group of English socialites in the wake of World War I. Fry made…

  • Wilde, Cornel (American actor)

    Cornel Wilde, American actor and filmmaker who attained stardom with his sensitive portrayal of composer Frédéric Chopin in the motion picture A Song to Remember (1945), for which he received an Academy Award nomination. Wilde, a member of the 1936 Olympic fencing team, studied to become a

  • Wilde, Cornelius Louis (American actor)

    Cornel Wilde, American actor and filmmaker who attained stardom with his sensitive portrayal of composer Frédéric Chopin in the motion picture A Song to Remember (1945), for which he received an Academy Award nomination. Wilde, a member of the 1936 Olympic fencing team, studied to become a

  • Wilde, F. A. (German physician)

    birth control: Methods: …was recorded by German physician F.A. Wilde in 1823. The medical forerunner of the intrauterine device was the stem pessary, first described and illustrated in 1868. By 1909, Richard Richter, a practitioner from near Breslau (Wroc?aw in present-day Poland), had described most of the advantages and disadvantages of this method…

  • Wilde, Jimmy (Welsh boxer)

    Jimmy Wilde, Welsh professional boxer, world flyweight (112 pounds) champion from 1916 to 1923. Wilde won 131 fights (99 by knockouts), lost 3 (not counting a three-round exhibition match), drew 2, and had 13 no decisions (a common result early in the 20th century) in a professional boxing career

  • Wilde, Oscar (Irish author)

    Oscar Wilde, Irish wit, poet, and dramatist whose reputation rests on his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), and on his comic masterpieces Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). He was a spokesman for the late 19th-century Aesthetic movement in England,

  • Wilde, Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills (Irish author)

    Oscar Wilde, Irish wit, poet, and dramatist whose reputation rests on his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), and on his comic masterpieces Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). He was a spokesman for the late 19th-century Aesthetic movement in England,

  • Wilde, William R. (Irish physician)

    otolaryngology: …specialty was first formulated by William R. Wilde of Dublin, who in 1853 published Practical Observations on Aural Surgery, and the Nature and Treatment of Diseases of the Ear. Further advances were made with the development of the otoscope, an instrument that enabled visual examination of the tympanic membrane (eardrum).

  • wildebeest (mammal)

    Gnu, (genus Connochaetes), either of two species of large African antelopes of the family Bovidae in the tribe Alcelaphini. They are among the most specialized and successful of African herbivores and are dominant in plains ecosystems. The common wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) is a keystone

  • Wildenstein, Daniel Leopold (American art historian and dealer)

    Daniel Leopold Wildenstein, French-born art historian, art dealer, and thoroughbred race horse owner (born Sept. 11, 1917, Verrières-le-Buisson, France—died Oct. 23, 2001, Paris, France), was the head of Wildenstein & Co., a secretive and tightly controlled billion-dollar art dynasty that was f

  • Wildenstein, Nathan (French art dealer)

    art market: Paris: …years; the leading dealers were Nathan Wildenstein, the father-and-son partnership of Ernest and René Gimpel, and Jacques Seligmann. For Wildenstein and the Gimpels, the core business was initially in 18th-century French fine art, though both firms (which sustained a partnership, E. Gimpel and Wildenstein, in New York from 1902 to…

  • Wildenvey, Herman (Norwegian poet)

    Herman Wildenvey, Norwegian poet whose sunny songs of simple sensual pleasure are unusual in the sombre history of Norwegian verse. When in 1904 the steamer Norge wrecked on a trip to the United States, with 600 or more passengers aboard, Wildenvey was among the few who survived. After returning to

  • Wilder, Alec (American composer)

    Alec Wilder, American composer best known for his collaboration with singers Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby. Wilder had an eclectic musical career as the composer of popular music during the 1930s and ’40s, a blend of popular and classical music during the 1940s, and chamber music during the 1950s.

  • Wilder, Alexander Lafayette Chew (American composer)

    Alec Wilder, American composer best known for his collaboration with singers Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby. Wilder had an eclectic musical career as the composer of popular music during the 1930s and ’40s, a blend of popular and classical music during the 1940s, and chamber music during the 1950s.

  • Wilder, Billy (American director and producer)

    Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American motion-picture scenarist, director, and producer known for films that humorously treat subjects of controversy and offer biting indictments of hypocrisy in American life. His work often focused on subjects that had previously been considered unacceptable screen

  • Wilder, Douglas (American politician)

    Douglas Wilder, American politician, the first popularly elected African American governor in the United States. Wilder received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Virginia Union University (1951) and a law degree from Howard University (1959). He pursued a legal and political career in

  • Wilder, Gene (American actor)

    Gene Wilder, American comic actor best known for his portrayals of high-strung neurotic characters who generally seemed to be striving unsuccessfully to appear more balanced than they were. In addition, his characters often shared a sort of tender vulnerability. As a youth in Milwaukee, Wilder was

  • Wilder, Laura Ingalls (American author)

    Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author of children’s fiction based on her own youth in the American Midwest. Laura Ingalls grew up in a family that moved frequently from one part of the American frontier to another. Her father took the family by covered wagon to Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas,

  • Wilder, Lawrence Douglas (American politician)

    Douglas Wilder, American politician, the first popularly elected African American governor in the United States. Wilder received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Virginia Union University (1951) and a law degree from Howard University (1959). He pursued a legal and political career in

  • Wilder, Russel M. (American pathologist)

    Howard T. Ricketts: …1909 Ricketts and his assistant, Russel M. Wilder, went to Mexico City to study epidemic typhus. They found that it was transmitted by the body louse (Pediculus humanus) and located the disease-causing organism both in the blood of the victim and in the bodies of the lice. Before he succumbed…

  • Wilder, Samuel (American director and producer)

    Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American motion-picture scenarist, director, and producer known for films that humorously treat subjects of controversy and offer biting indictments of hypocrisy in American life. His work often focused on subjects that had previously been considered unacceptable screen

  • Wilder, Thornton (American writer)

    Thornton Wilder, American writer whose innovative novels and plays reflect his views of the universal truths in human nature. He is probably best known for his plays. After graduating from Yale University in 1920, Wilder studied archaeology in Rome. From 1930 to 1937 he taught dramatic literature

  • Wilder, Thornton Niven (American writer)

    Thornton Wilder, American writer whose innovative novels and plays reflect his views of the universal truths in human nature. He is probably best known for his plays. After graduating from Yale University in 1920, Wilder studied archaeology in Rome. From 1930 to 1937 he taught dramatic literature

  • Wilderness Act (United States [1964])

    Wilderness Act, U.S. environmental protection legislation (1964) that created the National Wilderness Preservation System, setting 9 million acres (3.6 billion hectares) aside from development and providing a mechanism for additional acreage to be preserved. The Wilderness Act was a landmark

  • Wilderness of Mirrors, A (novel by Frisch)

    Max Frisch: …Mein Name sei Gantenbein (1964; A Wilderness of Mirrors) portray aspects of modern intellectual life and examine the theme of identity. His autobiographical works included two noteworthy diaries, Tagebuch 1946–1949 (1950; Sketchbook 1946–1949) and Tagebuch 1966–1971 (1972; Sketchbook 1966–1971). His later novels included Montauk: Eine Erz?hlung (1975), Der Mensch erscheint…

  • Wilderness of Zin, The (work by Lawrence and Woolley)

    T.E. Lawrence: Early life: …together, it was published as The Wilderness of Zin in 1915.

  • Wilderness Road (historical trail, United States)

    Cumberland Gap: …by Thomas Walker, and the Wilderness Road blazed by Daniel Boone runs through it. Named for the duke of Cumberland, son of George II, it became the main artery of trans-Allegheny migration that opened the Northwest Territory for settlement and permitted the extension of the western boundary of the 13…

  • Wilderness Society (American sporting organization)

    hiking: … in Great Britain and the Wilderness Society in the United States. Those organizations encourage hiking and preserve footpaths, bridle paths, and rights of way in parkland and recognized open spaces in areas of natural beauty against the encroachment of builders, local authorities, and national undertakings. They also help hikers to…

  • Wilderness Society (Australian organization)

    the Greens: …the UTG joined with the Tasmanian Wilderness Society (TWS) to quickly mobilize opposition to a hydroelectric plant that was planned for the Gordon River below its confluence with the Franklin River. When the UTG dissolved in 1979, TWS leader Bob Brown launched a nationwide “No Dams” campaign against the initiative,…

  • Wilderness Tips (short stories by Atwood)

    Margaret Atwood: Girls (1977), Bluebeard’s Egg (1983), Wilderness Tips (1991), Moral Disorder (2006), and Stone Mattress (2014). Her nonfiction includes Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing (2002), which grew out of a series of lectures she gave at the University of Cambridge; Payback (2008; film 2012), an impassioned essay that…

  • Wilderness Waterway (area, Florida, United States)

    Everglades National Park: …trails, including the 99-mile (159-km) Wilderness Waterway along the park’s western side. In addition, private companies offer guided tram and boat tours in portions of the park. Forested areas and the main visitor centre suffered damage from Hurricane Andrew in 1992. As a result of that storm, the park was…

  • Wilderness, Battle of the (American Civil War [1864])

    Battle of the Wilderness, (May 5–7, 1864), in the American Civil War, the first battle of Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s "Overland Campaign," a relentless drive to defeat once and for all Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and capture the South’s capital at Richmond,

  • Wilders, Geert (Dutch politician)

    Geert Wilders, Dutch politician who became an influential force on his country’s political right through the promotion of anti-Islamic and anti-immigration views. He served as a member of the Dutch House of Representatives from 1998 and as leader of the Party for Freedom (Partij voor de Vrijheid;

  • Wilderspin, Samuel (British educator)

    preschool education: History: …notably by the British educator Samuel Wilderspin, who wrote some of the earliest and most widely disseminated monographs on infant education.

  • Wildeve, Damon (fictional character)

    Damon Wildeve, fictional character, an innkeeper who is secretly involved in a passionate affair with Eustacia Vye though engaged (and later married) to Thomasin Yeobright, in the novel The Return of the Native (1878) by Thomas

  • Wildfang, Der (play by Kotzebue)

    August von Kotzebue: …best in such comedies as Der Wildfang (1798; “The Trapping of Game”) and Die deutschen Kleinst?dter (1803; “The German Small-towner”), which contain admirable pictures of provincial German life. He also wrote some novels as well as historical and autobiographical works.

  • wildfire (disease)

    Dmitry Ivanovsky: …in 1887 to investigate “wildfire,” a disease that was infecting tobacco plantations of the Ukraine and Bessarabia. In 1890 he was commissioned to study a different disease that was destroying tobacco plants in Crimea. He determined that the infection was mosaic disease, which was believed at the time to…

  • wildfire (conflagration)

    Wildfire, uncontrolled fire in a forest, grassland, brushland, or land sown to crops. The terms forest fire, brush fire, etc., may be used to describe specific types of wildfires; their usage varies according to the characteristics of the fire and the region in which it occurs. Fire danger in a

  • wildflower (plant)

    Wildflower, any flowering plant that has not been genetically manipulated. Generally the term applies to plants growing without intentional human aid, particularly those flowering in spring and summer in woodlands, prairies, and mountains. Wildflowers are the source of all cultivated garden

  • Wildflowers (album by Petty)

    Tom Petty: …solo albums, including the multimillion-selling Wildflowers (1994), which was presented as a solo album but featured contributions from the Heartbreakers, most notably guitarist Campbell, ever Petty’s essential collaborator.

  • wildfowl (bird group)

    anseriform: … (in the United States) or wildfowl (in Europe). The three species of screamers are quite different from waterfowl in general appearance. They are moderately long-legged birds about the size of a turkey, with chickenlike beaks and exceptionally large feet.

  • Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, The (nature preserve, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom)

    The Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, centre of the world’s largest collection of waterfowl. It was established in 1946 by Sir Peter Scott on 418 acres (169 hectares) along the River Severn near Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, Eng. Nearly a quarter of the land is fenced off for captive birds and breeding

  • Wildgans, Anton (Austrian dramatist and poet)

    Anton Wildgans, Austrian dramatist and poet known for his mystical dramas charged with the symbolic messages typical of German Expressionism. The son of a judge, Wildgans became a lawyer but soon turned to writing. His childhood had been marred by his relations with his stepmother. His early poems,

  • Wilding, Michael (Australian author)

    Australian literature: Literature from 1970 to 2000: …as, for example, Frank Moorhouse, Michael Wilding, and Peter Carey. These writers, provocative and scandalous in the manner of the 1970s, broke free from all restraints and explored the many possibilities of fantasy—sexual, science fiction, gothic. Allowing for the liberalism of their values, their stories in fact display an almost…

  • Wilding, Tony (New Zealand athlete)

    tennis: The early 20th century: He and his doubles partner, Tony Wilding of New Zealand, wrested the Davis Cup from Great Britain in 1907 and held it until 1911, arousing enduring public interest in Australia and New Zealand.

  • wildland fire (conflagration)

    Wildfire, uncontrolled fire in a forest, grassland, brushland, or land sown to crops. The terms forest fire, brush fire, etc., may be used to describe specific types of wildfires; their usage varies according to the characteristics of the fire and the region in which it occurs. Fire danger in a

  • Wildlife (work by Alston)

    dance: Costume and stage sets in Western theatre dance: In Richard Alston’s Wildlife (1984) the geometrically shaped kites suspended from the flies actually inspired some of the dancers’ sharply angled movements as well as making them visually more striking in performance.

  • Wildlife (novel by Ford)

    Richard Ford: In Wildlife (1990) Ford depicted a teenager in Montana who witnesses the breakup of his parents’ marriage. Canada (2012) chronicles the experiences of a man whose life is shaped by his parents’ bungled attempt to rob a bank during his youth. Rock Springs (1987), Women with…

  • wildlife conservation

    bison: …American and Canadian cattlemen and conservationists resulted in the protection of the remaining animals in government preserves, zoos, and ranches on both sides of the border. The present commercial herds now total as many as 400,000 individuals. Some 20,000 plains bison are protected in preserves in the United States and…

  • Wildlife Conservation Society

    zoo: Function and purpose: The New York Zoological Society maintains an Institute for Research in Animal Behavior and, in Trinidad, the William Beebe Tropical Research Station. In Great Britain the Zoological Society of London maintains, in addition to a modern hospital and pathology laboratories, two general research institutes—the Nuffield Institute…

  • Wildlife in America (work by Matthiessen)

    Peter Matthiessen: …15 books of nonfiction, including Wildlife in America (1959), a history of the destruction of wildlife in North America; The Cloud Forest: A Chronicle of the South American Wilderness (1961); and Under the Mountain Wall: A Chronicle of Two Seasons in the Stone Age (1962), about his experiences as a…

  • Wildman, Sir John (English agitator)

    Sir John Wildman, English agitator and Leveler associate who outlasted vicissitudes under three British kings and two protectors. Wildman was of obscure ancestry. Educated at Cambridge, he first came into prominence in October 1647, when he helped to write the first Agreement of the People. These

  • Wilds (South Carolina, United States)

    Florence, city, seat (1889) of Florence county, northeastern South Carolina, U.S. Established in the 1850s as a rail junction and transfer point for the Wilmington and Manchester, the Northwestern, and the Cheraw and Darlington railroads, it was called Wilds for a judge in the town but later

  • Wildspitze (mountain, Austria)

    ?tztal Alps: …are snow- and glacier-covered, including Wildspitze (12,382 feet [3,774 m]), the highest point both in the range and in the Austrian Tirol. The ?tztaler Ache, a tributary of the Inn River, divides the main part of the range to the southwest from the Stubaier Alpen section to the northeast. The…

  • Wile E. Coyote (cartoon character)

    Road Runner: …efforts of a coyote (Wile E. Coyote) to catch him.

  • Wiler, Lake (lake, Switzerland)

    lake: Chemical precipitates: In Switzerland, Lake Wiler (Wilersee) was treated by the removal of water just above the sediments during stagnation periods.

  • Wilersee (lake, Switzerland)

    lake: Chemical precipitates: In Switzerland, Lake Wiler (Wilersee) was treated by the removal of water just above the sediments during stagnation periods.

  • Wiles, Andrew (British mathematician)

    Andrew Wiles, British mathematician who proved Fermat’s last theorem. In recognition he was awarded a special silver plaque—he was beyond the traditional age limit of 40 years for receiving the gold Fields Medal—by the International Mathematical Union in 1998. He also received the Wolf Prize

  • Wiles, Andrew John (British mathematician)

    Andrew Wiles, British mathematician who proved Fermat’s last theorem. In recognition he was awarded a special silver plaque—he was beyond the traditional age limit of 40 years for receiving the gold Fields Medal—by the International Mathematical Union in 1998. He also received the Wolf Prize

  • Wiles, Gordon (American film director)
  • Wiles, Sir Andrew John (British mathematician)

    Andrew Wiles, British mathematician who proved Fermat’s last theorem. In recognition he was awarded a special silver plaque—he was beyond the traditional age limit of 40 years for receiving the gold Fields Medal—by the International Mathematical Union in 1998. He also received the Wolf Prize

  • Wiley, Harvey W. (American chemist)

    Meat Inspection Act of 1906: Origins of reform: …in the 1880s, American chemist Harvey W. Wiley, chief of the Bureau of Chemistry of the USDA, issued reports noting the health hazards posed by the adulteration of processed foods such as canned meat and by chemicals used as preservatives and colouring agents. The Association of Official Agricultural Chemists (an…

  • Wiley, Kehinde (American artist)

    Kehinde Wiley, American artist best known for portraits that feature African Americans in the traditional settings of Old Master paintings. Wiley’s childhood experiences in the South Central neighbourhood of Los Angeles were enriched by his mother’s passion for education. At the age of 11, he took

  • Wilfred of York (English saint)

    Saint Wilfrid, ; feast day October 12), one of the greatest English saints, a monk and bishop who was outstanding in bringing about close relations between the Anglo-Saxon Church and the papacy. He devoted his life to establishing the observances of the Roman Church over those of the Celtic Church

  • Wilfrid of York (English saint)

    Saint Wilfrid, ; feast day October 12), one of the greatest English saints, a monk and bishop who was outstanding in bringing about close relations between the Anglo-Saxon Church and the papacy. He devoted his life to establishing the observances of the Roman Church over those of the Celtic Church

  • Wilfrid, Saint (English saint)

    Saint Wilfrid, ; feast day October 12), one of the greatest English saints, a monk and bishop who was outstanding in bringing about close relations between the Anglo-Saxon Church and the papacy. He devoted his life to establishing the observances of the Roman Church over those of the Celtic Church

  • Wilfridian (British religious society)

    Frederick William Faber: …hymnist, and founder of the Wilfridians, a religious society living in common without vows.

  • Wilgus, William John (American engineer)

    immersed tube: Wilgus in the Detroit River in 1903 for the Michigan Central Railroad. Wilgus dredged a trench in the riverbed, floated segments of steel tube into position, and sank them; the segments were locked together by divers and pumped out and could then be covered with…

  • Wilhelm Alexander (grand duke of Luxembourg)

    William IV, grand duke of Luxembourg (1905–12), eldest son of grand duke Adolf of Nassau. Falling severely ill soon after his accession, he eventually on March 19, 1908, had his consort Maria Anna of Braganza named regent, or governor (Statthalterin). Also, having no sons and wishing to secure the

  • Wilhelm der Weise (landgrave of Hesse-Kassel)

    William IV, landgrave (or count) of Hesse-Kassel from 1567 who was called “the Wise” because of his accomplishments in political economy and the natural sciences. The son of the landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, he participated with his brother-in-law Maurice of Saxony in the princely rebellion of

  • Wilhelm Ernst (duke of Weimar)

    Johann Sebastian Bach: The Weimar period: Encouraged by Wilhelm Ernst, he concentrated on the organ during the first few years of his tenure. From Weimar, Bach occasionally visited Weissenfels; in February 1713 he took part in a court celebration there that included a performance of his first secular cantata, Was mir behagt, also…

  • Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig (emperor of Germany)

    William I, German emperor from 1871, as well as king of Prussia from 1861, a sovereign whose conscientiousness and self-restraint fitted him for collaboration with stronger statesmen in raising his monarchy and the house of Hohenzollern to predominance in Germany. He was the second son of the

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