<var id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"></video></var>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"></strike></var>
<cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"></span></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"><listing id="79jxb"></listing></video></cite><cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem></span></cite><cite id="79jxb"><noframes id="79jxb"><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem><cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"><cite id="79jxb"></cite></span></cite><var id="79jxb"><video id="79jxb"></video></var>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"><thead id="79jxb"></thead></strike></var>
<menuitem id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"></strike></menuitem><menuitem id="79jxb"></menuitem>
<var id="79jxb"><strike id="79jxb"><thead id="79jxb"></thead></strike></var>
<cite id="79jxb"><span id="79jxb"></span></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"></cite>
<cite id="79jxb"></cite>
<var id="79jxb"></var>
<var id="79jxb"></var>
You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • Willard, Simon (American clockmaker)

    Simon Willard, famous American clock maker. Willard was the creator of the timepiece that came to be known as the banjo clock, and he was the most celebrated of a family of Massachusetts clock makers who designed and produced brass-movement clocks between 1765 and 1850. About 1780 Willard moved

  • Willcocks, Sir William (British engineer)

    Sir William Willcocks, British civil engineer who proposed and designed the first Aswān (Assuan) Dam and executed major irrigation projects in South Africa and Turkey. In 1872 he entered the Indian Public Works Department and in 1883 began work in the Egyptian Public Works Department. While serving

  • Willdenow, Carl Ludwig (German botanist)

    Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum: In 1801 the botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow became director and began to rehabilitate the garden; a decade later he had created what was to become one of the outstanding botanical research centres and public displays of Europe. The botanical garden and museum were nearly destroyed in World War II…

  • Wille zur Macht, Der (work by Nietzsche)

    Friedrich Nietzsche: Collapse and misuse: …Der Wille zur Macht (1901; The Will to Power). She also committed petty forgeries. Generations of commentators were misled. Equally important, her enthusiasm for Hitler linked Nietzsche’s name with that of the dictator in the public mind.

  • Wille, Ulrich (Swiss military leader)

    Ulrich Wille, Swiss military leader and commander in chief of the Swiss Army during World War I who made major federal military reforms. Wille studied the organization of the Prussian Army in Berlin and attempted various changes in the federal army along Prussian lines. He reorganized the process

  • Willebrandt, Mabel Walker (American lawyer)

    Mabel Walker Willebrandt, American lawyer who served as assistant attorney general of the United States from 1921 to 1929 during the Prohibition era. She was notorious for relentlessly enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment—the prohibition against the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages—earning

  • Willebroek Canal (canal, Brussels, Belgium)

    canals and inland waterways: Europe: …the Sambre was canalized; the Willebroek Canal was extended southward with the building of the Charleroi-Brussels Canal in 1827; and somewhat later the Campine routes were opened to serve Antwerp and connect the Meuse and Schelde. When the growth of the textile trade in Ghent created a need for better…

  • Willehalm (work by Wolfram von Eschenbach)

    Wolfram von Eschenbach: …epic Parzival; the unfinished epic Willehalm, telling the history of the Crusader Guillaume d’Orange; and short fragments of a further epic, the so-called Titurel, which elaborates the tragic love story of Sigune from book 3 of Parzival.

  • Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk (king of The Netherlands)

    William III, conservative king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1849–90) who was influential in forming Dutch ministries until 1868 but was unable to prevent liberal control of the government. The eldest son of King William II, William married his cousin Sophia, daughter of King

  • Willem de Zwijger (stadholder of United Provinces of The Netherlands)

    William I, first of the hereditary stadtholders (1572–84) of the United Provinces of the Netherlands and leader of the revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish rule and the Catholic religion. William, the eldest son of William, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, grew up in a cultivated Lutheran

  • Willem Frederik (king of The Netherlands)

    William I, king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1815–40) who sparked a commercial and industrial revival following the period of French rule (1795–1813), but provoked the Belgian revolt of 1830 through his autocratic methods. The son of William V, prince of Orange, William married

  • Willem Frederik George Lodewijk (king of The Netherlands)

    William II, king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1840–49) whose reign saw the reestablishment of fiscal stability and the transformation of the Netherlands into a more liberal monarchy through the constitution of 1848. Exiled to England with his family in 1795, William served in

  • Willem Hendrik, Prins van Oranje (king of England, Scotland, and Ireland)

    William III, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands as William III (1672–1702) and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702), reigning jointly with Queen Mary II (until her death in 1694). He directed the European opposition to Louis XIV of France and, in Great Britain,

  • Willem IV en Engeland tot 1748 (work by Geyl)

    Pieter Geyl: His next book, Willem IV en Engeland tot 1748 (1924), discussed the struggle between the party of Orange and the republican States Party and its effects on the Dutch Republic’s foreign policy, themes that were to become dominant in many of his later works. A collection of articles,…

  • Willem Karel Hendrik Friso (prince of Orange and Nassau)

    William IV, prince of Orange and Nassau, general hereditary stadtholder of the United Netherlands. The posthumous son of John William Friso of the house of Nassau-Dietz, William became stadtholder of Friesland and then later also of Groningen and of Gelderland, assuming his full functions in 1

  • Willem Lodewijk (stadholder of Friesland)

    William Louis, count of Nassau, stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, who with his cousin, Maurice of Nassau, prince of Orange, formulated the military strategy of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, or Dutch Republic (now the Netherlands), against Spain from 1588 to 1609. He

  • Willem Pretorius Game Reserve (reserve, South Africa)

    Willem Pretorius Game Reserve, game sanctuary in Free State province, South Africa, adjoining Allemanskraal Dam northeast of Bloemfontein. Established in 1956, it occupies 46 sq mi (120 sq km) in the Highveld plateau typical of the Free State. It includes the Doringberg hills, a storage reservoir

  • Willem van Ruysbroeck (French explorer)

    Willem Van Ruysbroeck, French Franciscan friar whose eyewitness account of the Mongol realm is generally acknowledged to be the best written by any medieval Christian traveller. A contemporary of the English scientist and philosopher Roger Bacon, he was cited frequently in the geographical s

  • Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand, king of the Netherlands (king of the Netherlands)

    Willem-Alexander, king of the Netherlands, king of the Netherlands from 2013. Willem-Alexander was the son of then Princess Beatrix and Prince Claus. First in the line of succession since his mother’s accession to the throne on April 30, 1980, he also bore the title of prince of Orange. Prince

  • Willem-Alexander, Crown Prince, and Princess Máxima (Dutch nobility)

    Crown Prince, and Princess Máxima Willem-Alexander, On Feb. 2, 2002, Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of The Netherlands and Argentine-born Máxima Zorreguieta married in Amsterdam. Their many guests included foreign royals, other friends and family members, and some Dutch political leaders (who had

  • Willem-Alexander, king of the Netherlands (king of the Netherlands)

    Willem-Alexander, king of the Netherlands, king of the Netherlands from 2013. Willem-Alexander was the son of then Princess Beatrix and Prince Claus. First in the line of succession since his mother’s accession to the throne on April 30, 1980, he also bore the title of prince of Orange. Prince

  • Willemer, Marianne von (German aristocrat)

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Napoleonic period (1805–16): In Frankfurt he met Marianne Jung, just 30 years old and about to marry the 54-year-old banker Johann Jakob von Willemer; Goethe and Marianne took to writing each other love poems in the ?āfe? manner and continued to write them, both after Goethe had returned to Weimar and when…

  • willemite (mineral)

    Willemite, white or greenish yellow silicate mineral, zinc silicate, Zn2SiO4, that is found as crystals, grains, or fibres with other zinc ores in many deposits. Included are various localities in Sussex County, New Jersey, where it occurs in crystalline limestone and constitutes an important zinc

  • Willems, Jan Frans (Flemish poet and philologist)

    Jan Frans Willems, Flemish poet, playwright, essayist, “Father of the Flemish Movement,” and the most important philologist of the Dutch language of his time. Willems was appointed assistant city archivist of Antwerp in 1815 and registrar in 1821. During these years he wrote plays and poems in the

  • Willems, Paul (Belgian author)

    Paul Willems, Belgian novelist and playwright whose playful strategies and fascination with language, doubles, analogies, and mirror images mask a modern tragic sensibility. He expressed the identity crisis of postwar Belgium in an idiosyncratic and often savagely ironic style. Willems was the son

  • Willemstad (Cura?ao)

    Willemstad, capital and chief town of Cura?ao, located on the southern coast of the island of Cura?ao in the Caribbean Sea. It is divided into two parts by Sint Anna Bay, leading to Schottegat Harbour. The two halves, Punda and Otrabanda (“Other Side”), are joined by the Koningin Emma (“Queen

  • Willesden (town, England, United Kingdom)

    Brent: …the amalgamation of Wembley and Willesden (both in the former Middlesex county). It is named for the small River Brent, a tributary of the River Thames that formed the boundary between the former boroughs of Wembley and Willesden. Within the borough are Victorian and later residential suburbs, industrial areas, office…

  • willet (bird)

    Willet, (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus), large, long-billed shorebird of America, belonging to the family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes), which also includes the snipes, turnstones, and curlews. The willet is named for its loud call. Willets are about 40 centimetres (16 inches) long and gray,

  • Willett, William (British advocate)

    Daylight Saving Time: In 1907 an Englishman, William Willett, campaigned for setting the clock ahead by 80 minutes in four moves of 20 minutes each during April and the reverse in September. In 1909 the British House of Commons rejected a bill to advance the clock by one hour in the spring…

  • Willey, Gordon Randolph (American archaeologist)

    Gordon Randolph Willey, American archaeologist and writer (born March 7, 1913, Chariton, Iowa—died April 28, 2002, Cambridge, Mass.), expanded the study of ancient societies to include not only excavations of the tombs of the elite but also artifacts from the households of ordinary people. His f

  • William (duke of Gelderland)

    Charles VI: …expedition in August 1388 against Duke William of Gelderland; Charles, however, made a speedy peace with William and returned to France.

  • William (king of Germany)

    William, German king from Oct. 3, 1247, elected by the papal party in Germany as antiking in opposition to Conrad IV and subsequently gaining general recognition. As William II he was also count of Holland, succeeding his father, Count Floris IV, in 1234. William was elected German king to s

  • William & Mary, College of (university, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States)

    College of William & Mary, state coeducational university of liberal arts at Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S. The second oldest institution of higher education in the United States (after Harvard College), it was chartered in 1693 by co-sovereigns King William III and Queen Mary II of England to

  • William and Mary style

    William and Mary style, style of decorative arts so named during the reign (1689–1702) of William III and Mary II of England. When William came to the English throne from the house of Orange, he encouraged many Dutch artisans to follow him. In addition to these craftsmen, Huguenot refugees from

  • William B. Bankhead National Forest (national forest, Alabama, United States)

    Jasper: William B. Bankhead National Forest is 15 miles (24 km) north. Lewis Smith Lake, with 500 miles (800 km) of shoreline, provides recreational opportunities. The Alabama Mining Museum, in nearby Dora, commemorates the importance of coal mining in the state’s history. The Foothills Festival, featuring…

  • William Blackwood and Sons, Ltd. (Scottish publishing company)

    William Blackwood: …of the publishing firm of William Blackwood and Sons, Ltd.

  • William Blake’s Principal Writings, Series of Drawings, and Series of Engravings

  • William Clito (count of Flanders)

    William Clito, count of Flanders and titular duke of Normandy (as William IV, or as William III if England’s William Rufus’ earlier claim to the duchy is not acknowledged). Son of Duke Robert II Curthose (and grandson of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders), William Clito was supported

  • William de Hauteville (Norman mercenary)

    William de Hauteville, Norman adventurer, the eldest of 12 Hauteville brothers, a soldier of fortune who led the first contingent of his family from Normandy to southern Italy. He undertook its conquest and quickly became count of Apulia. William and his brothers Drogo and Humphrey responded (c.

  • William de la Mare (English philosopher)

    William De La Mare, English philosopher and theologian, advocate of the traditional Neoplatonic-Augustinian school of Christian philosophy, and leading critic of the Aristotelian thought introduced by Thomas Aquinas. A member of the Franciscan order, William became a master of theology at the

  • William Filene’s Sons Co. (American company)

    Filene’s, a Boston department store that pioneered a number of retailing innovations. It was founded in 1881 by Prussian immigrant William Filene and his sons, Edward and Lincoln. Well-known for its high-quality fashion merchandise, Filene’s became famous for its Automatic Bargain Basement. This

  • William Gordon, 6th Viscount Kenmure, Lord Lochinvar (Scottish Jacobite)

    William Gordon, 6th Viscount Kenmure, Scottish Jacobite who was miscast as a leader in the rebellion of 1715 on behalf of James Edward, the Old Pretender, against King George I. His father, Alexander Gordon, 5th Viscount Kenmure (d. 1698), had fought for King William III against the forces of the

  • William H. Gates Foundation (American organization)

    Gates Foundation, private philanthropic foundation established in 2000 by Microsoft cofounder Bill Gates and his wife, businesswoman Melinda Gates. It focuses its grant-making and advocacy efforts on eliminating global inequities and increasing opportunities for those in need through programs that

  • William Henry (Quebec, Canada)

    Sorel-Tracy, city, Montérégie region, southern Quebec province, Canada. It lies at the mouth of the Richelieu River, on the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. Fort-Richelieu (marked by a monument) was erected on the site in 1642. In 1672 a land grant was obtained by the fort commandant, Pierre

  • William Henry, Prince of Orange (king of England, Scotland, and Ireland)

    William III, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands as William III (1672–1702) and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702), reigning jointly with Queen Mary II (until her death in 1694). He directed the European opposition to Louis XIV of France and, in Great Britain,

  • William I (elector of Hesse-Kassel)

    Hesse-Kassel: The elector William I (reigned 1785–1821) pursued a policy of neutrality toward Napoleon, who nevertheless occupied Hesse-Kassel after the Battle of Jena (1806) and in 1807 united it with the Kingdom of Westphalia. In 1815 Hesse-Kassel regained its independence, but the elector William I and his successor…

  • William I (king of Sicily)

    William I, Norman king of Sicily, an able ruler who successfully repressed the conspiracies of the barons of his realm. His epithet was bestowed on him by his hapless enemies. He patronized science and letters and showed religious tolerance; among those who frequented his court were many Muslims. T

  • William I (king of Scotland)

    William I, king of Scotland from 1165 to 1214; although he submitted to English overlordship for 15 years (1174–89) of his reign, he ultimately obtained independence for his kingdom. William was the second son of the Scottish Henry, Earl of Northumberland, whose title he inherited in 1152. He was f

  • William I (duke of Normandy)

    William I, son of Rollo and second duke of Normandy (927–942). He sought continually to expand his territories either by conquest or by exacting new lands from the French king for the price of homage. In 939 he allied himself with Hugh the Great in the revolt against King Louis IV; through the

  • William I (stadholder of United Provinces of The Netherlands)

    William I, first of the hereditary stadtholders (1572–84) of the United Provinces of the Netherlands and leader of the revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish rule and the Catholic religion. William, the eldest son of William, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, grew up in a cultivated Lutheran

  • William I (king of The Netherlands)

    William I, king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1815–40) who sparked a commercial and industrial revival following the period of French rule (1795–1813), but provoked the Belgian revolt of 1830 through his autocratic methods. The son of William V, prince of Orange, William married

  • William I (emperor of Germany)

    William I, German emperor from 1871, as well as king of Prussia from 1861, a sovereign whose conscientiousness and self-restraint fitted him for collaboration with stronger statesmen in raising his monarchy and the house of Hohenzollern to predominance in Germany. He was the second son of the

  • William I (king of England)

    William I, duke of Normandy (as William II) from 1035 and king of England (as William I) from 1066, one of the greatest soldiers and rulers of the Middle Ages. He made himself the mightiest noble in France and then changed the course of England’s history by his conquest of that country. William was

  • William I the Pious (count of Auvergne)

    Aquitaine: History: …of the 9th century by William I (the Pious), count of Auvergne and the founder of the abbey of Cluny. In the first half of the 10th century the counts of Auvergne, of Toulouse, and of Poitiers each claimed this ducal title, but it was eventually secured by another William…

  • William II (prince of Orange)

    William II, prince of Orange, count of Nassau, stadtholder and captain general of six provinces of the Netherlands from 1647, and the central figure of a critical struggle for power in the Dutch Republic. The son of Frederick Henry, prince of Orange, he was guaranteed, in a series of acts from 1630

  • William II (king of Sicily)

    William II, the last Norman king of Sicily; under a regency from 1166, he ruled in person from 1171. He became known as William the Good because of his policy of clemency and justice toward the towns and the barons, in contrast with his father, William I the Bad. After the regency of his mother,

  • William II (count of Holland)

    The Hague: Count William II built a castle there in 1248, around which several buildings came to be clustered, and these became the principal residence of the counts of Holland. These buildings now form the Binnenhof (“Inner Courtyard”) in the old quarter of the city. Among the great…

  • William II (emperor of Germany)

    William II, German emperor (kaiser) and king of Prussia from 1888 to the end of World War I in 1918, known for his frequently militaristic manner as well as for his vacillating policies. William was the eldest child of Crown Prince Frederick (later Emperor Frederick III) and of Victoria, the eldest

  • William II (king of England)

    William II, son of William I the Conqueror and king of England from 1087 to 1100; he was also de facto duke of Normandy (as William III) from 1096 to 1100. He prevented the dissolution of political ties between England and Normandy, but his strong-armed rule earned him a reputation as a brutal,

  • William II (king of The Netherlands)

    William II, king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1840–49) whose reign saw the reestablishment of fiscal stability and the transformation of the Netherlands into a more liberal monarchy through the constitution of 1848. Exiled to England with his family in 1795, William served in

  • William II (elector of Hesse-Kassel)

    Hesse-Kassel: …William I and his successor William II (reigned 1821–47) were reactionaries who overturned the liberal reforms made in Hesse-Kassel previously by the French. The electors continuously quarreled with liberal reformers in the Diet (legislative assembly), and in 1831 revolutionary action compelled William II to turn over control of the government…

  • William II Villehardouin (prince of Achaea)

    Greece: The Peloponnese: …most successful under its prince William II Villehardouin (1246–78), but in 1259 he had to cede a number of fortresses, including Mistra, Monemvasiá, and Maina, to the Byzantines. Internecine squabbles weakened resistance to Byzantine pressure, especially from the 1370s onward, when Jacques de Baux hired the Navarrese Company to fight…

  • William III (king of The Netherlands)

    William III, conservative king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg (1849–90) who was influential in forming Dutch ministries until 1868 but was unable to prevent liberal control of the government. The eldest son of King William II, William married his cousin Sophia, daughter of King

  • William III (king of England, Scotland, and Ireland)

    William III, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands as William III (1672–1702) and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702), reigning jointly with Queen Mary II (until her death in 1694). He directed the European opposition to Louis XIV of France and, in Great Britain,

  • William Iron Arm (Norman mercenary)

    William de Hauteville, Norman adventurer, the eldest of 12 Hauteville brothers, a soldier of fortune who led the first contingent of his family from Normandy to southern Italy. He undertook its conquest and quickly became count of Apulia. William and his brothers Drogo and Humphrey responded (c.

  • William IV (king of Great Britain)

    William IV, king of Great Britain and Ireland and king of Hanover from June 26, 1830. Personally opposed to parliamentary reform, he grudgingly accepted the epochal Reform Act of 1832, which, by transferring representation from depopulated “rotten boroughs” to industrialized districts, reduced the

  • William IV (count of Holland)

    Holland: …succession on the death of William IV (1345) led to a prolonged civil war between factions known as the Hooks (Hoeken) and the Cods (Kabeljauwen), who came to represent rival aristocratic and middle-class parties, respectively. The issue was finally settled with the intervention of the house of Wittelsbach, whose members…

  • William IV (grand duke of Luxembourg)

    William IV, grand duke of Luxembourg (1905–12), eldest son of grand duke Adolf of Nassau. Falling severely ill soon after his accession, he eventually on March 19, 1908, had his consort Maria Anna of Braganza named regent, or governor (Statthalterin). Also, having no sons and wishing to secure the

  • William IV (prince of Orange and Nassau)

    William IV, prince of Orange and Nassau, general hereditary stadtholder of the United Netherlands. The posthumous son of John William Friso of the house of Nassau-Dietz, William became stadtholder of Friesland and then later also of Groningen and of Gelderland, assuming his full functions in 1

  • William IV (landgrave of Hesse-Kassel)

    William IV, landgrave (or count) of Hesse-Kassel from 1567 who was called “the Wise” because of his accomplishments in political economy and the natural sciences. The son of the landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, he participated with his brother-in-law Maurice of Saxony in the princely rebellion of

  • William IX (duke of Aquitaine and Gascony)

    William IX, medieval troubadour, count of Poitiers and duke of Aquitaine and of Gascony (1086–1127), son of William VIII and grandfather of the famous Eleanor of Aquitaine. William IX spent most of his life in warfare, including leading an unsuccessful Crusade to the Holy Land (1101–02) and

  • William Longsword (duke of Normandy)

    William I, son of Rollo and second duke of Normandy (927–942). He sought continually to expand his territories either by conquest or by exacting new lands from the French king for the price of homage. In 939 he allied himself with Hugh the Great in the revolt against King Louis IV; through the

  • William Louis (stadholder of Friesland)

    William Louis, count of Nassau, stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, who with his cousin, Maurice of Nassau, prince of Orange, formulated the military strategy of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, or Dutch Republic (now the Netherlands), against Spain from 1588 to 1609. He

  • William M. Jennings Trophy (sports award)

    ice hockey: The National Hockey League: …position by NHL managers; the William M. Jennings Trophy, for the goalie or goalies with the team permitting the fewest goals; the Calder Memorial Trophy, for the rookie of the year; the Hart Memorial Trophy, for the most valuable player; the James Norris Memorial Trophy, for the outstanding defenseman; the…

  • William Marsh Rice University (university, Houston, Texas, United States)

    Rice University, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Houston, Texas, U.S. The university includes the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Management, Shepherd School of Music, Wiess School of Natural Sciences, and George R. Brown School of Engineering as well as schools of

  • William McKinley, Fort (fort, Makati, Philippines)

    Makati: Fort Andres Bonifacio (formerly Fort William McKinley) is the site of the Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, the largest cemetery maintained by the American Battle Monuments Program. Pop. (2007) 510,383; (2010) 529,039.

  • William of Alvernia (French philosopher)

    William of Auvergne, the most prominent French philosopher-theologian of the early 13th century and one of the first Western scholars to attempt to integrate Classical Greek and Arabic philosophy with Christian doctrine. William became a master of theology at the University of Paris in 1223 and a

  • William of Auvergne (French philosopher)

    William of Auvergne, the most prominent French philosopher-theologian of the early 13th century and one of the first Western scholars to attempt to integrate Classical Greek and Arabic philosophy with Christian doctrine. William became a master of theology at the University of Paris in 1223 and a

  • William of Auxerre (French philosopher)

    William of Auxerre, French philosopher-theologian who contributed to the adaptation of classical Greek philosophy to Christian doctrine. He is considered the first medieval writer to develop a systematic treatise on free will and the natural law. Probably a student of the Parisian canon and

  • William of Champeaux (French philosopher)

    William of Champeaux, French bishop, logician, theologian, and philosopher who was prominent in the Scholastic controversy on the nature of universals (i.e., words that can be applied to more than one particular thing). After studies under the polemicist Manegold of Lautenbach in Paris, the

  • William of Conches (French philosopher)

    William Of Conches, French Scholastic philosopher and a leading member of the School of Chartres. A pupil of the philosopher Bernard of Chartres, he taught at Chartres and Paris and was tutor to Henry (later Henry II of England), son of Geoffrey Plantagenet. William, a realist whose ideas leaned t

  • William of Denmark, Prince (king of Greece)

    George I, king of the Greeks whose long reign (1863–1913) spanned the formative period for the development of Greece as a modern European state. His descendants occupied the throne until the military coup d’état of 1967 and eventual restoration of the republic in 1973. Born Prince William—the

  • William of Gelderland (duke of Gelderland)

    Charles VI: …expedition in August 1388 against Duke William of Gelderland; Charles, however, made a speedy peace with William and returned to France.

  • William of Hirsau (German abbot)

    William Of Hirsau, German cleric, Benedictine abbot, and monastic reformer, the principal German advocate of Pope Gregory VII’s clerical reforms, which sought to eliminate clerical corruption and free ecclesiastical offices from secular control. William was sent as a child to the monastic school o

  • William of Holland (king of Germany)

    William, German king from Oct. 3, 1247, elected by the papal party in Germany as antiking in opposition to Conrad IV and subsequently gaining general recognition. As William II he was also count of Holland, succeeding his father, Count Floris IV, in 1234. William was elected German king to s

  • William of Moerbeke (Belgian archbishop)

    William of Moerbeke, Flemish cleric, archbishop, and classical scholar whose Latin translations of the works of Aristotle and other early Greek philosophers and commentators were important in the transmission of Greek thought to the medieval Latin West. William entered the Dominican priory at Ghent

  • William of Newburgh (English historian)

    William Of Newburgh, English chronicler who is remembered as the author of one of the most valuable historical works on 11th- and 12th-century England. He entered the Augustinian priory of Newburgh as a boy to study theology and history and apparently remained there the rest of his life, gaining

  • William of Normandy (king of England)

    William I, duke of Normandy (as William II) from 1035 and king of England (as William I) from 1066, one of the greatest soldiers and rulers of the Middle Ages. He made himself the mightiest noble in France and then changed the course of England’s history by his conquest of that country. William was

  • William of Norwich (English murder victim)

    blood libel: In 1144 an English boy, William of Norwich, was found brutally murdered with strange wounds to his head, arms, and torso. His uncle, a priest, blamed local Jews, and a rumour spread that Jews crucified a Christian child every year at Passover. A century later an investigation into the death…

  • William of Orange (king of England, Scotland, and Ireland)

    William III, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands as William III (1672–1702) and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702), reigning jointly with Queen Mary II (until her death in 1694). He directed the European opposition to Louis XIV of France and, in Great Britain,

  • William of Palerne (English poem)

    English literature: The revival of alliterative poetry: William of Palerne, condescendingly commissioned by a nobleman for the benefit of “them that know no French,” is a homely paraphrase of a courtly Continental romance, the only poem in the group to take love as its central theme. The poet’s technical competence in handling…

  • William of Paris (French philosopher)

    William of Auvergne, the most prominent French philosopher-theologian of the early 13th century and one of the first Western scholars to attempt to integrate Classical Greek and Arabic philosophy with Christian doctrine. William became a master of theology at the University of Paris in 1223 and a

  • William of Rubrouck (French explorer)

    Willem Van Ruysbroeck, French Franciscan friar whose eyewitness account of the Mongol realm is generally acknowledged to be the best written by any medieval Christian traveller. A contemporary of the English scientist and philosopher Roger Bacon, he was cited frequently in the geographical s

  • William of Saint Calais (English bishop)

    William Of Saint Carilef, Norman-French bishop of Durham (1081–96), adviser to William I the Conqueror, and chief minister to William II Rufus (1088). Bishop William distinguished himself in his early years as a diligent and practical monk and abbot at the monasteries of St. Carilef (later named S

  • William of Saint Carilef (English bishop)

    William Of Saint Carilef, Norman-French bishop of Durham (1081–96), adviser to William I the Conqueror, and chief minister to William II Rufus (1088). Bishop William distinguished himself in his early years as a diligent and practical monk and abbot at the monasteries of St. Carilef (later named S

  • William of Saint-Amour (French philosopher)

    William Of Saint-amour, French philosopher and theologian who led the opposition at the University of Paris to the 13th-century rise of the newly formed mendicant religious orders. A protégé of the Count of Savoy, who supported his doctoral studies in canon law and theology at the University of P

  • William of Saint-Thierry (French philosopher)

    William of Saint-Thierry, French monk, theologian, and mystic, leading adversary of early medieval rationalistic philosophy. William studied under Anselm of Laon, a supporter of the philosophical theology (later called scholasticism) advanced by St. Anselm of Canterbury. After entering a

  • William of Sens (French architect)

    William Of Sens, French master-mason who built the first structure in the Early Gothic style in England. William is one of the first cathedral architects to be known by name. Exact knowledge of his contribution was preserved in the report of an eyewitness, the monk Gervase, who described the

  • William of Sherwood (English logician)

    history of logic: Developments in the 13th and early 14th centuries: …1253 and 1257; and (3) William of Sherwood, who produced Introductiones in logicam (Introduction to Logic) and other logical works sometime about the mid-century.

  • William of Tripoli (Dominican missionary)

    Crusades: The results of the Crusades: The Dominican William of Tripoli had some success, presumably within the Crusaders’ area; he and his colleague Riccoldo di Monte Croce both wrote perceptive treatises on Islamic faith and law. Other missionaries usually failed, and many suffered martyrdom. In the 14th century the Franciscans were finally permitted…

Your preference has been recorded
Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
91国产福利在线观看