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  • Winchester, Oliver Fisher (American manufacturer)

    Oliver Fisher Winchester, American manufacturer of repeating long arms and ammunition who made the Winchester Repeating Arms Company a worldwide success by the shrewd purchase and improvement of the patented designs of other arms designers. As a young man, Winchester operated a men’s furnishing

  • Winchevsky, Morris (American author)

    Yiddish literature: Writers in New York: Morris Winchevsky (pseudonym of Ben-Zion Novakhovitsh) was born in Lithuania, moved to K?nigsberg, Germany [now Kaliningrad, Russia], in 1877, and began to publish poems, stories, and articles in socialist Hebrew newspapers in the late 1870s. He was arrested and expelled from Prussia. In London he…

  • Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (German art historian)

    Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist and art historian whose writings directed popular taste toward classical art, particularly that of ancient Greece, and influenced not only Western painting and sculpture but also literature and even philosophy. Winckelmann was the son of a cobbler. His

  • Winckelmann, Maria Margaretha (German astronomer)

    Maria Kirch, German astronomer who was the first woman to discover a comet. Winckelmann was educated by her father, a Lutheran minister, and—after her father’s death—by an uncle. She studied astronomy under Christoph Arnold, a local self-taught astronomer. It was through Arnold that Winckelmann met

  • Winckler, Hugo (German archaeologist)

    Hugo Winckler, German archaeologist and historian whose excavations at Bo?azk?y, in Turkey, disclosed the capital of the Hittite empire, Hattusa, and yielded thousands of cuneiform tablets from which much of Hittite history was reconstructed. Winckler’s primary interest was in the language and

  • Winckler-Goetsch house (house, Okemos, Michigan, United States)

    Frank Lloyd Wright: The 1920s and ’30s: …Wisconsin, near Madison, and the Winckler-Goetsch house (1939) at Okemos, Michigan.

  • wind (meteorology)

    Wind, in climatology, the movement of air relative to the surface of the Earth. Winds play a significant role in determining and controlling climate and weather. A brief treatment of winds follows. For full treatment, see climate: Wind. Wind occurs because of horizontal and vertical differences

  • Wind Across the Everglades (film by Ray [1958])

    Nicholas Ray: Films of the late 1950s: Wind Across the Everglades (1958) was an offbeat collaboration with writer Budd Schulberg that featured Christopher Plummer as a game warden in the early 1900s whose efforts to save the Everglades’ bird life from poachers are compromised by his debauched lifestyle. Party Girl (1958) was…

  • wind action (geology)

    Kalahari Desert: Physiography and geology: …greater part of them were wind-formed. The sheets occupy the eastern part of the Kalahari. Their surface elevation varies only slightly, with relief measured in tens of feet per mile. The depth of the sand there generally exceeds 200 feet. In many areas the sand is red, the result of…

  • Wind and the Lion, The (film by Milius [1975])

    Sean Connery: …Who Would Be King (1975), The Wind and the Lion (1975), Robin and Marian (1976), and The First Great Train Robbery (1978; also released as The Great Train Robbery). In 1981 he made a memorable appearance as King Agamemnon in Terry Gilliam’s time-travel fantasy Time Bandits, and two years later…

  • Wind Cave National Park (national park, South Dakota, United States)

    Wind Cave National Park, scenic area in southwestern South Dakota, U.S., about 35 miles (56 km) south-southwest of Rapid City. It was established in 1903 to preserve a series of limestone caverns and a tract of unspoiled prairie grassland in the Black Hills. The park’s surface area is 44 square

  • wind chest (musical instrument device)

    organ: …pipes are arranged over a wind chest that is connected to the keys via a set of pallets, or valves, and fed with a supply of air by electrically or mechanically activated bellows. Each rank is brought into action by a stop that is connected by levers, or electrically, to…

  • wind chill (meteorology)

    Wind chill, a measure of the rate of heat loss from skin that is exposed to the air. It is based on the fact that, as wind speeds increase, the heat loss also increases, making the air “feel” colder. Wind chill is usually reported as a “wind chill temperature” or “wind chill equivalent”—that is,

  • wind chill factor (meteorology)

    Wind chill, a measure of the rate of heat loss from skin that is exposed to the air. It is based on the fact that, as wind speeds increase, the heat loss also increases, making the air “feel” colder. Wind chill is usually reported as a “wind chill temperature” or “wind chill equivalent”—that is,

  • wind chime

    Wind-bell, a bell or a cluster of resonating pieces that are moved and sounded by the wind. The wind-bell has three basic forms: (1) a cluster of small pieces of metal, glass, pottery, bamboo, seashell, or wood that tinkle when blown by the wind; (2) a cluster of chimes that are rung by a central

  • wind direction

    Venus: The atmosphere: Most information about wind directions at the planet’s surface comes from observations of wind-blown materials. Despite low surface-wind velocities, the great density of Venus’s atmosphere enables these winds to move loose fine-grained materials, producing surface features that have been seen in radar images. Some features resemble sand dunes,…

  • wind energy (form of solar energy)

    Wind energy, form of solar energy that is produced by the movement of air relative to Earth’s surface. This form of energy is generated by the uneven heating of Earth’s surface by the Sun and is modified by Earth’s rotation and surface topography. For an overview of the forces that govern the

  • wind farm (technology)

    carbon offset: …energy projects, such as building wind farms that replace coal-fired power plants. Energy-efficiency improvements, such as increasing insulation in buildings to reduce heat loss or using more-efficient vehicles for transportation. Destruction of potent industrial greenhouse gases such as halocarbons. Carbon sequestration in soils or

  • wind flower

    pollination: Wind: Wind-pollinated flowers are inconspicuous, being devoid of insect attractants and rewards, such as fragrance, showy petals, and nectar. To facilitate exposure of the flowers to the wind, blooming often takes place before the leaves are out in spring, or the flowers may be placed very…

  • wind frost (meteorology)

    agricultural technology: Frost: …nights with little or no wind when the outgoing radiation is excessive and the air temperature is not necessarily at the freezing point, and (2) wind, or advection, frost, which occurs at any time, day or night, regardless of cloud cover, when wind moves air in from cold regions. Both…

  • wind gap (geology)

    valley: Cross-axial drainage: …such captures are known as wind gaps. These contrast with the water gaps that still contain transverse streams. The famous water gaps of the Appalachians are excellent examples of such patterns.

  • Wind in the Willows, The (work by Grahame)

    The Wind in the Willows, book of linked animal tales by British writer Kenneth Grahame that began as a series of bedtime stories for his son and was published in 1908. The beautifully written work, with its evocative descriptions of the countryside interspersed with exciting adventures, became a

  • wind instrument (music)

    Wind instrument, any musical instrument that uses air as the primary vibrating medium for the production of sound. Wind instruments exhibit great diversity in structure and sonority and have been prominent in the music of all cultures since prehistoric times. A system of classification of these

  • wind machine (agriculture)

    agricultural technology: Frost: The wind machine is popular for frost protection; although it affords less reliable results, its operating cost is much lower than that for heaters. These machines, which are like fans or propellers, break up the nocturnal temperature inversion by mechanically mixing the air, returning heat to…

  • wind power (energy)

    Wind power, form of energy conversion in which turbines convert the kinetic energy of wind into mechanical or electrical energy that can be used for power. Wind power is considered a renewable energy source. Historically, wind power in the form of windmills has been used for centuries for such

  • wind pump

    energy conversion: Windmills: The first wind pump was introduced in the United States by David Hallay in 1854. After another American, Stewart Perry, began constructing wind pumps made of steel and equipped with metal vanes in 1883, this new and simple device spread around the world.

  • Wind Quintet (work by Schoenberg)

    12-tone music: The basic set for Schoenberg’s Wind Quintet (1924) is E?–G–A–B–C?–C–B?–D–E–F?–A?–F; for his String Quartet No. 4 (1936) it is D–C?–A–B?–F–E?–E–C–A?–G–F?–B.

  • Wind Rises, The (film by Miyazaki [2013])

    Miyazaki Hayao: Kaze tachinu (2013; The Wind Rises) was an impressionistic take on the life of engineer Horikoshi Jiro, who designed fighter planes used by the Japanese during World War II. The film was based on Miyazaki’s manga of the same name, and it was nominated for an Academy Award…

  • Wind River (river, Wyoming, United States)

    Wind River, river in west-central Wyoming, U.S. It rises in several branches at the northern edge of the Wind River Range in the Shoshone National Forest and flows generally southeast past Dubois through the Wind River Indian Reservation (Shoshone and Arapaho) to Riverton, where, after a course of

  • Wind River Range (mountain range, Wyoming, United States)

    Wind River Range, mountain range in the central Rocky Mountains, west-central Wyoming, U.S. The range extends for 100 miles (160 km) northwest-southeast to the Sweetwater River and is part of the Continental Divide. Many peaks in the range are above 12,000 feet (3,658 metres), including Mount

  • wind rose (meteorology)

    Wind rose, map diagram that summarizes information about the wind at a particular location over a specified time period. A wind rose was also, before the use of magnetic compasses, a guide on mariners’ charts to show the directions of the eight principal winds. The modern wind rose used by

  • wind scorpion (arachnid)

    Sunspider, (order Solifugae), any of more than 1,000 species of the arthropod class Arachnida whose common name refers to their habitation of hot dry regions as well as to their typically golden colour. They are also called wind scorpions because of their swiftness, camel spiders because of their

  • wind shear (meteorology)

    Wind shear, rapid change in wind velocity or direction. A very narrow zone of abrupt velocity change is known as a shear line. Wind shear is observed both near the ground and in jet streams, where it may be associated with clear-air turbulence. Vertical wind shear that causes turbulence is closely

  • wind speed frequency distribution

    wind turbine: Estimating power generation: …to be coupled with the wind speed frequency distribution for its site. The wind speed frequency distribution is a histogram representing wind speed classes and the frequency of hours per year that are expected for each wind speed class. The data for those histograms are usually provided by wind speed…

  • wind speed power curve

    wind turbine: Estimating power generation: …turbine is estimated from a wind speed power curve derived for each turbine, usually represented as a graph showing the relation between power generated (kilowatts) and wind speed (metres per second). The wind speed power curve varies according to variables unique to each turbine such as number of blades, blade…

  • wind stress (physics)

    lake: Wind stress: Currents resulting from wind stress are the most common in lakes. Considerable research is still under way into the mechanism of transfer of wind momentum to water momentum. The stress on the lake is proportional to some power of wind speed, usually taken…

  • wind surfing (sport)

    Windsurfing, sport that combines aspects of sailing and surfing on a one-person craft called a sailboard. The earliest prototypes of a sailboard date back to the late 1950s. Californians Jim Drake (a sailor) and Hoyle Schweitzer (a surfer) received the first patent for a sailboard in 1968. They

  • wind surge (oceanography)

    surge: …the speed of a large wind stream, especially in the tropics, can also cause surges. The progress of this type of surge can be followed on weather maps as it expands. During a “surge of the trades” in the trade-wind belts, wind speed often increases by about 40 km/h (25…

  • wind system (meteorology)

    Wind, in climatology, the movement of air relative to the surface of the Earth. Winds play a significant role in determining and controlling climate and weather. A brief treatment of winds follows. For full treatment, see climate: Wind. Wind occurs because of horizontal and vertical differences

  • Wind That Shakes the Barley, The (film by Loach [2006])

    Ken Loach: …of better working conditions, and The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006), an affecting portrait of Irish Republicans in 1920 during their fight against British rule. The latter won the Cannes film festival’s top prize, the Palme d’Or. Route Irish (2010) depicts the quest of a security contractor in Iraq…

  • wind tunnel (aeronautical engineering)

    Wind tunnel, device for producing a controlled stream of air in order to study the effects of movement through air or resistance to moving air on models of aircraft and other machines and objects. Provided that the airstream is properly controlled, it is immaterial whether the stationary model

  • wind turbine (technology)

    Wind turbine, apparatus used to convert the kinetic energy of wind into electricity. Wind turbines come in several sizes, with small-scale models used for providing electricity to rural homes or cabins and community-scale models used for providing electricity to a small number of homes within a

  • Wind Turbines: A New Spin on Energy

    The Wind-energy industry, which for a decade has been one of the fastest-growing sources of energy production in advanced economies, hit a stumbling block in 2010 despite a promising start to the year. In April the U.S. federal government approved the first American offshore wind farm—the proposed

  • wind velocity

    surge: The sudden increase in the speed of a large wind stream, especially in the tropics, can also cause surges. The progress of this type of surge can be followed on weather maps as it expands. During a “surge of the trades” in the trade-wind belts, wind speed often increases by…

  • wind wave (water)

    wave: Wind waves and swell: Wind waves are the wind-generated gravity waves. After the wind has abated or shifted or the waves have migrated away from the wind field, such waves continue to propagate as swell.

  • Wind, Sand and Stars (chronicle by Saint-Exupéry)

    Wind, Sand and Stars, lyrical and humanistic chronicle of the adventures of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, published as Terre des hommes in 1939. Because of his aviation exploits, the author had a worldwide reputation. He used the memoir as a platform to extol cooperation, individual responsibility, and

  • Wind, The (novel by Simon)

    Claude Simon: In Le Vent (1957; The Wind) Simon defined his goals: to challenge the fragmentation of his time and to rediscover the permanence of objects and people, evidenced by their survival through the upheavals of contemporary history. He treated the turmoil of the Spanish Civil War in La Corde raide…

  • Wind, The (album by Zevon)

    Warren Zevon: …to complete a final album, The Wind (2003). It earned the Grammy Award for best contemporary folk album, and the single “Disorder in the House,” a duet with Bruce Springsteen, also won a Grammy.

  • wind-bell

    Wind-bell, a bell or a cluster of resonating pieces that are moved and sounded by the wind. The wind-bell has three basic forms: (1) a cluster of small pieces of metal, glass, pottery, bamboo, seashell, or wood that tinkle when blown by the wind; (2) a cluster of chimes that are rung by a central

  • wind-blown moss (plant)

    Wind-blown moss, any plant of the genus Dicranum (subclass Bryidae), numbering 94 species distributed primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. They form dense cushions on soil, logs, or rocks. More than 20 species are native to North America. The most common is D. scoparium, sometimes called

  • wind-borne dispersal

    seed: Dispersal by wind: …the Alps is 60 percent anemochorous; that of the Mediterranean garrigue (a scrubland region) is 50 percent. By making certain assumptions (e.g., for average wind velocity and turbulence), the “average limits of dispersal”—that is, the distance that 1 percent of the seeds or diaspores can reach—can be calculated for dispersal…

  • wind-driven circulation (oceanography)

    ocean current: Two types of ocean circulation: …define two circulation types: (1) wind-driven circulation forced by wind stress on the sea surface, inducing a momentum exchange, and (2) thermohaline circulation driven by the variations in water density imposed at the sea surface by exchange of ocean heat and water with the atmosphere, inducing a buoyancy exchange. These…

  • Windau (Latvia)

    Ventspils, city and port, western Latvia. It lies at the mouth of the Venta River on the Baltic Sea coast. A settlement existed there in the 2nd millennium bc, and by the 10th century ad it was inhabited by Wends (a Slavic people). In 1242 the Teutonic Knights built a castle there, and in 1378 town

  • Windaus, Adolf (German chemist)

    Adolf Windaus, German organic chemist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1928 for research on substances, notably vitamin D, that play important biological roles. Windaus switched from medical to chemical studies. After receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Freiburg (1899), he held

  • Windberg (mountain, South Africa)

    Cape Town: The city site: …Bay, on the south by Devil’s Peak, and on the east by marshlands and the sandy Cape Flats beyond. The nearest tillable land was on the lower eastern slopes of Devil’s Peak and Table Mountain and, farther to the southeast, at Rondebosch, Newlands, and Wynberg. From the fortress that protected…

  • windbreak (agriculture)

    agricultural technology: Wind: Because of the long-recognized need, shelterbelts, massive plantings of trees that change the energy and moisture balance of the crop, are positioned to protect crops and to increase yields. A shelterbelt perpendicular to the prevailing wind reduces velocity on both sides. A medium-thick shelterbelt can reduce wind velocity by more…

  • windchest (musical instrument device)

    organ: …pipes are arranged over a wind chest that is connected to the keys via a set of pallets, or valves, and fed with a supply of air by electrically or mechanically activated bellows. Each rank is brought into action by a stop that is connected by levers, or electrically, to…

  • windchill (meteorology)

    Wind chill, a measure of the rate of heat loss from skin that is exposed to the air. It is based on the fact that, as wind speeds increase, the heat loss also increases, making the air “feel” colder. Wind chill is usually reported as a “wind chill temperature” or “wind chill equivalent”—that is,

  • Winde, Alan (South African politician)

    Helen Zille: Political career: She was succeeded by Alan Winde of the DA. Later that year, in October, she was elected chairperson of the DA’s federal council, once again placing her in a position of power in the party.

  • Windeby Girl (preserved human remains, Germany)

    bog body: …the remains are now called Windeby I. For years scientists puzzled over the death of Grauballe Man, found in Denmark—his throat was cut and his head smashed in, suggesting a ritual of several stages—but it is now known that the damage to his skull was caused by the weight of…

  • Windeby I (preserved human remains, Germany)

    bog body: …the remains are now called Windeby I. For years scientists puzzled over the death of Grauballe Man, found in Denmark—his throat was cut and his head smashed in, suggesting a ritual of several stages—but it is now known that the damage to his skull was caused by the weight of…

  • Windelband, Wilhelm (German philosopher)

    Kantianism: Axiological Neo-Kantianism: Its initiator was Wilhelm Windelband, esteemed for his “problems” approach to the history of philosophy. The scholar who systematized this position was his successor Heinrich Rickert, who had come from the tradition of Kuno Fischer. Drawing a parallel between the constraints that logic exerts upon thought and those…

  • Windermere (lake, England, United Kingdom)

    Windermere, lake, the largest in England, located in the southeastern part of the Lake District, in the administrative county of Cumbria. It lies along the border between the historic counties of Lancashire and Westmorland. The lake is 10.5 miles (17 km) long and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and has an

  • Windesheim Congregation (Roman Catholicism)

    history of the Low Countries: Culture: …later organized themselves into the Windesheim monasteries and convents, which followed Augustinian rules. Their communities were extremely important for both education and religion; they were industrious copyists and brought a simple piety to the lower classes. Their work, like that of the mendicant orders, was a typical product of life…

  • windfall profit (business)

    profit: …to what are often called windfall profits. The third type of profit is monopoly profit, which occurs when a firm restricts output so as to prevent prices from falling to the level of costs. The first two types of profit result from relaxing the usual theoretical assumptions of unchanging consumer…

  • windflower (plant)

    Anemone, (genus Anemone), any of more than 100 species of perennial plants in the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Many colourful varieties of the tuberous poppylike anemone, A. coronaria, are grown for the garden and florist’s trade. Popular spring-flowering anemones, especially for naturalizing,

  • Windham (county, Connecticut, United States)

    Windham, county, northeastern Connecticut, U.S. It is bordered to the north by Massachusetts and to the east by Rhode Island and consists of a hilly region forested by hardwoods and pines. The county is drained by the Quinebaug, Natchaug, and Shetucket rivers. Other waterways are Quaddick Reservoir

  • Windham (Connecticut, United States)

    Windham, town (township), Windham county, east-central Connecticut, U.S. It is situated in an area drained by the Willimantic and Natchaug rivers, which merge southeast of Willimantic to form the Shetucket. The original Indian land granted by Joshua, son of the Mohegan subchief Uncas, was opened to

  • Windham (county, Vermont, United States)

    Windham, county, southeastern Vermont, U.S., bounded to the west by the Green Mountains, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the east by New Hampshire (the Connecticut River constitutes the border). It is a hilly upland with elevations generally rising to the west. The principal watercourses are

  • Windhoek (national capital, Namibia)

    Windhoek, town, capital of Namibia, located roughly in the centre of the country. It lies at an elevation of 5,428 feet (1,654 metres) and is about 400 miles (650 km) north of the Orange River and 760 miles (1,225 km) north of Cape Town, South Africa. The town is surrounded by dry, arid country,

  • windhover (bird)

    kestrel: The common kestrel (F. tinnunculus), ranging over most of the Old World and sometimes called the Old World, Eurasian, or European kestrel, is slightly larger than the American kestrel but less colourful. It is the only kestrel in Britain, where it is called “windhover” from its…

  • Windhover, The (sonnet by Hopkins)

    The Windhover, sonnet by Gerard Manley Hopkins, completed in May 1877 and collected posthumously in 1918 in Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Written shortly before Hopkins’s ordination as a Jesuit priest, the poem is dedicated “to Christ our Lord.” It concerns Hopkins’s philosophy of inscape, the

  • Windigo (Algonkian mythology)

    American Subarctic peoples: Religious beliefs: …characters in Algonquian folklore are Wiitiko (Windigo), a terrifying cannibalistic giant apt to be encountered in the forest; Tcikapis, a kindly, powerful young hero and the subject of many myths; and Wiskijan (Whiskeyjack), an amusing trickster (see trickster tale). “Wiitiko psychosis” refers to a condition in which an individual would…

  • winding (electronics)

    Coil, in an electric circuit, one or more turns, usually roughly circular or cylindrical, of current-carrying wire designed to produce a magnetic field or to provide electrical resistance or inductance; in the latter case, a coil is also called a choke coil (see also inductance). A soft iron core

  • Winding Passage, The (work by Bell)

    Daniel Bell: …contemporary society are expressed in The Winding Passage (1980). His work has stimulated controversy over the ideological biases among leading scholars in the discipline of sociology.

  • Winding Stair, The (poetry by Yeats)

    William Butler Yeats: …was written subsequently, appearing in The Winding Stair (1929). The poems in both of these works use, as their dominant subjects and symbols, the Easter Rising and the Irish civil war; Yeats’s own tower; the Byzantine Empire and its mosaics; Plato, Plotinus, and Porphyry; and the author’s interest in contemporary…

  • Winding, Kai (American musician)

    J.J. Johnson: …to tour with fellow trombonist Kai Winding; their duets have been recognized as watersheds in the evolution of jazz trombone technique.

  • Windischgr?tz, Alfred, Fürst zu (Austrian field marshal)

    Alfred, Fürst (prince) zu Windischgr?tz, Austrian field marshal who was the leader of the reactionary faction of the Habsburg empire during the 1848 revolutions. Of a Styrian noble family, Windischgr?tz was appointed lance officer in the Habsburg imperial army in 1804, and, as a regimental

  • Windischgr?tz, Alfred, Fürst zu (Austrian statesman)

    Austria: Political turmoil: The next Austrian prime minister, Alfred, Fürst (prince) zu Windischgr?tz (grandson of the Windischgr?tz who seized Prague in 1848), sought to win the support of parliament by forming a cabinet in which the clerical conservatives, the Poles, and the German liberals were represented. They were united, however, only in opposition…

  • windmill

    Windmill, device for tapping the energy of the wind by means of sails mounted on a rotating shaft. The sails are mounted at an angle or are given a slight twist so that the force of wind against them is divided into two components, one of which, in the plane of the sails, imparts rotation. Like

  • windmill grass (plant)

    Windmill grass, (genus Chloris), genus of about 55 species of annual and perennial grasses of the family Poaceae, distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Several are used as forage and hay grasses, and a number are considered weeds or invasive species in areas outside their native range.

  • Windmill Hill (archaeological site, Wiltshire, United Kingdom)

    United Kingdom: Neolithic Period: , Windmill Hill, Wiltshire), which are now believed to have been centres of ritual and of seasonal tribal feasting. From them developed, late in the 3rd millennium, more clearly ceremonial ditch-enclosed earthworks known as henge monuments. Some, like Durrington Walls, Wiltshire, are of great size and…

  • Windmill proof (geometry)

    Euclid's Windmill: The Pythagorean theorem states that the sum of the squares on the legs of a right triangle is equal to the square on the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle)—in familiar algebraic notation, a2 + b2 = c2. The Babylonians and Egyptians had found…

  • Windmill, Operation (American expedition)

    Antarctica: National rivalries and claims: naval “Operation Windmill,” both in 1947–48 (the latter expedition was to obtain ground checks on the aerial photography of the previous season’s “Operation Highjump”), but it continued its policy of nonrecognition of any claims. The Soviet Union had shown little interest, other than in whaling, in…

  • Windmills of Your Mind, The (song by Legrand, Bergman, and Bergman)

    The Thomas Crown Affair: The Oscar-winning song “The Windmills of Your Mind” was subsequently recorded by numerous musicians, but the original version heard over the main titles is sung by Noel Harrison. A popular remake of the film starring Pierce Brosnan and Rene Russo was released in 1999.

  • Windmüller, Ruth (German-born American artist)

    Ruth Duckworth, (Ruth Windmüller), German-born American artist (born April 10, 1919, Hamburg, Ger.—died Oct. 18, 2009, Chicago, Ill.), created abstract works in clay and bronze that ranged from small ceramic pieces to large-scale public installations and murals. Duckworth moved from Germany to

  • Windom, William (American actor)

    William Windom, American actor (born Sept. 28, 1923, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 16, 2012, Woodacre, Calif.), enjoyed a broad career that ranged from Shakespeare to Star Trek and included an Emmy Award for best actor in a comedy series for My World and Welcome to It (1969–70), a one-season television

  • window (architecture)

    Window, opening in the wall of a building for the admission of light and air; windows are often arranged also for the purposes of architectural decoration. Since early times, the openings have been filled with stone, wooden, or iron grilles or lights (panes) of glass or other translucent material

  • window (computing)

    graphical user interface: Macintosh to Windows: In late 1979 a group of engineers from Apple, led by cofounder Steven P. Jobs, saw the GUI during a visit to PARC and were sufficiently impressed to integrate the ideas into two new computers, Lisa and Macintosh, then in the design stage. Each…

  • window (geology)

    nappe: …this patch is called a fenster, or window. Fensters generally occur in topographic basins or deep, V-shaped valleys. Elsewhere, an eroded, isolated remnant of the older rock or nappe may be completely surrounded by the younger, underlying rock; this is known as a klippe, or thrust outlier. Mythen Peak in…

  • Window antiradar device (warfare)

    World War II: Air warfare, 1942–43: …in part to the new Window antiradar and “H2S” radar devices, achieving an unprecedented measure of devastation, since four out of its 33 major actions, with a little help from minor attacks, killed about 40,000 people and drove nearly 1,000,000 from their homes, and (3) the Battle of Berlin, from…

  • window fly (insect)

    Window fly, (family Scenopinidae), any of a relatively rare group of black flies (order Diptera) that are a little smaller than the housefly. The adults are often seen on windows, and larvae of most species live in decaying wood or fungi, although those of Scenopinus fenestralis feed on carpet

  • Window Rock (Arizona, United States)

    Window Rock, capital of the extensive Navajo Nation Reservation, Apache county, northeastern Arizona, U.S. It lies 23 miles (37 km) northwest of Gallup, New Mexico. Established in 1936 as the Central Agency Headquarters to consolidate the many Indian agencies scattered throughout the reservation

  • Window Seat (song by Badu)

    Erykah Badu: …that album’s first single, “Window Seat,” featured Badu completely disrobing while she walked through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, the site of the assassination of U.S. Pres. John F. Kennedy. For the next several years, Badu continued performing, though her recording activity was limited to guest spots on songs…

  • window washing

    construction: Enclosure systems: Window washing in large buildings with fixed glass is another concern, and curtain walls must provide fixed vertical tracks or other attachments for window-washing platforms. Interior finishes in high-rise buildings closely resemble those used in low-rise structures.

  • window-winged moth (insect)

    Window-winged moth, (family Thyrididae), any of a group of tropical moths (order Lepidoptera) that are generally dark-coloured and small to medium-sized, with a wingspan of 10 to 30 mm (0.4 to 1.2 inches). The middle area of each wing usually has a characteristic translucent yellow or whitish area

  • windowpane oyster (mollusk genus)

    bivalve: Size range and diversity of structure: …example of this is the windowpane shell Placuna. This form has allowed the close attachment of one valve to a hard surface, and although some groups still retain byssal attachment (family Anomiidae), others have forsaken this for cementation, as in the true oysters (family Ostreidae), where the left valve is…

  • windowpane shell (mollusk genus)

    bivalve: Size range and diversity of structure: …example of this is the windowpane shell Placuna. This form has allowed the close attachment of one valve to a hard surface, and although some groups still retain byssal attachment (family Anomiidae), others have forsaken this for cementation, as in the true oysters (family Ostreidae), where the left valve is…

  • Windows 10 (operating system)

    Microsoft Corporation: Further developments in Windows OS: Windows 10, released in 2015, featured Cortana, a digital personal assistant capable of responding to voice commands (as did the iPhone’s Siri), and a new Web browser, Microsoft Edge, which replaced Internet Explorer.

  • Windows 7 (operating system)

    Microsoft Corporation: Further developments in Windows OS: …the release in 2009 of Windows 7, the replacement for Vista, to critical praise by reviewers and analysts, Microsoft’s lead remained intact. In 2012 the company released Windows 8, which offered a start screen with applications appearing as tiles on a grid. Windows 10, released in 2015, featured Cortana, a…

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