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  • Winslow, Edward (governor of Plymouth colony)

    Edward Winslow, English founder of the Plymouth colony in Massachusetts. In 1617 Winslow moved to Holland, where he united with John Robinson’s church at Leiden, and in 1620 he was one of the Mayflower pilgrims who emigrated to New England. His first wife, Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow, died soon

  • Winslow, Josiah (United States military leader)

    Josiah Winslow, British-American military leader and governor of the Plymouth colony who established the colony’s first public school. Josiah Winslow was the son of Governor Edward Winslow, an original founder of the Plymouth colony in 1620. After attending Harvard College, Josiah accompanied his

  • Winslow-Goldmark Report (work by Goldmark)

    Josephine Clara Goldmark: The resulting report, Nursing and Nursing Education in the United States (1923), generally known as the Winslow-Goldmark report, was effective in prompting the upgrading of nursing education, particularly through the establishment of university affiliations and national accreditation procedures. Goldmark also served for a time as director of the…

  • Winsor Castle (building, Arizona, United States)

    Pipe Spring National Monument: …fortified ranch house known as Winsor Castle to protect them from Navajo attacks and to serve as headquarters for a cattle-ranching operation. The ranch was a stopover for travelers on the Arizona Strip (the northwestern corner of the state north of the Grand Canyon).

  • Winsor, Justin (American librarian)

    Justin Winsor, librarian who, as superintendent of the Boston Public Library (1868–77) and librarian of Harvard University (from 1877), came to be regarded as the leading figure of the library profession in the United States. Winsor, a freelance writer in Boston, was appointed a trustee of that

  • Winsor, Kathleen (American author)

    Kathleen Winsor, American novelist (born Oct. 16, 1919, Olivia, Minn.—died May 26, 2003, New York, N.Y.), achieved almost instant notoriety in 1944 with Forever Amber, her historical saga of a sexually adventurous young woman in Restoration England, which sold 100,000 copies its first week and p

  • Winstanley, Gerrard (English social reformer)

    Gerrard Winstanley, leader and theoretician of the group of English agrarian communists known as the Diggers, who in 1649–50 cultivated common land on St. George’s Hill, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, and at nearby Cobham until they were dispersed by force and legal harassment. They believed that land

  • Winstanley, Henry (British engineer)

    lighthouse: The beginning of the modern era: The first of these was Henry Winstanley’s 120-foot-high wooden tower on the notorious Eddystone Rocks off Plymouth, England. Although anchored by 12 iron stanchions laboriously grouted into exceptionally hard red rock, it lasted only from 1699 to 1703, when it was swept away without a trace in a storm of…

  • Winsted (Connecticut, United States)

    Winsted, city and principal community in the town (township) of Winchester, Litchfield county, northwestern Connecticut, U.S., at the confluence of the Still and Mad rivers. The area was settled in 1750. Winsted, named from a combination of Winchester and Barkhampsted (which borders it on the

  • Winstedt, Sir Richard Olof (British educator)

    Sir Richard Olof Winstedt, director of education in British Malaya who shaped Malay education and produced an extensive body of writings on Malaya. Winstedt first went to Malaya in 1902. As an administrative officer posted to rural districts in Perak and Negeri Sembilan, he immersed himself (with

  • Winston Churchill: The Struggle for Survival, 1940-1965 (work by Moran)

    biography: Ethical: …a half later, Lord Moran’s Winston Churchill: The Struggle for Survival, 1940–1965 (1966), in which Lord Moran used the Boswellian techniques of reproducing conversations from his immediate notes and jottings, was attacked in much the same terms (though the question was complicated by Lord Moran’s confidential position as Churchill’s physician).…

  • Winston Cup Series (auto racing championship)

    Jimmie Johnson: …Series and, in 2008, the Sprint Cup Series.) He also earned his first Busch Series win in 2001, at Chicagoland Speedway, winding up eighth in that series’s point standings. In 2002 he began his rookie season in the Cup Series, winning three races and ending the season ranked fifth. Two…

  • Winston, Charles (British lawyer)

    stained glass: 19th century: Viollet-Le-Duc in France and Charles Winston in England. Winston was a lawyer and antiquarian who associated with various London glaziers and, with the technical help of James Powell and Sons, brought about a considerable improvement in the technical quality of coloured glass. In 1847 he wrote the first comprehensive…

  • Winston, Jameis (American football player)

    Tampa Bay Buccaneers: …Buccaneers rebuilt around young quarterback Jameis Winston, and the team posted its first winning record in six seasons in 2016 (9–7). However, that revival was short-lived, and the team posted consecutive 5–11 records in 2017 and 2018.

  • Winston, Stan (American special-effects artist)

    Stan Winston, (Stanley Winston), American special-effects artist (born April 7, 1946, Arlington, Va.—died June 15, 2008, Malibu, Calif.), earned praise—and 10 Oscar nominations—for his adeptness at combining makeup, animatronic creatures, and computer-generated images to produce incredibly

  • Winston, Stanley (American special-effects artist)

    Stan Winston, (Stanley Winston), American special-effects artist (born April 7, 1946, Arlington, Va.—died June 15, 2008, Malibu, Calif.), earned praise—and 10 Oscar nominations—for his adeptness at combining makeup, animatronic creatures, and computer-generated images to produce incredibly

  • Winston-Salem (North Carolina, United States)

    Winston-Salem, city, port of entry, and seat of Forsyth county, in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, U.S. With High Point and Greensboro it forms the Piedmont Triad metropolitan area. Winston-Salem was created in 1913 from two towns originally 1 mile (1.6 km) apart. Winston, founded in 1849 as

  • Wint, Peter De (British artist)

    Peter De Wint, English landscape and architectural painter who was one of the chief English watercolourists of the early 19th century. After taking drawing lessons from a local Staffordshire painter, De Wint in 1802 began to study under the engraver John Raphael Smith. In 1806 he purchased his

  • Wintel (computer)

    Intel: Early products: …Intel chips, were dubbed “Wintel” machines and have dominated the market since their inception.

  • winter (season)

    Winter, coldest season of the year, between autumn and spring; the name comes from an old Germanic word that means “time of water” and refers to the rain and snow of winter in middle and high latitudes. In the Northern Hemisphere it is commonly regarded as extending from the winter solstice (year’s

  • winter aconite (plant)

    Winter aconite, (genus Eranthis), any of about seven species of perennial herbaceous plants constituting the genus Eranthis of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) native to the temperate regions of Europe and widely planted for their early spring flowers. The solitary blossoms, consisting of five

  • winter bouquet

    floral decoration: Materials: …what is traditionally called a winter bouquet. The cultivated flowers that are often dried are those with a naturally dry, stiff surface quality—such as strawflowers (Helichrysum bracteatum), globe amaranth (Gomphrena), and statice. North temperate zone wildings picked and preserved for dried arrangements include pearly everlasting, heather, and the sea lavender…

  • winter cluster (animal behaviour)

    beekeeping: Worker bees: …the fall and spend the winter in the cluster. As the name implies, worker bees do all the work of the hive, except the egg laying.

  • Winter Count (short stories by Lopez)

    Barry Lopez: Among his short-story volumes were Winter Count (1981), Light Action in the Caribbean (2000), and Outside (2014). Other notable works included the essay collections Crossing Open Ground (1988) and About This Life (1998). In Horizon (2019) Lopez recounted his various travels. In addition, he authored

  • Winter Count (American Indian culture)

    Native American art: Midwest and Great Plains: …in content, as with the Winter Counts, those painted records that recounted tribal history by means of annual symbols, and the personal history paintings on hide that recount the exploits of the owner.

  • winter creeper euonymus (plant)

    Euonymus: Winter creeper euonymus (Euonymus fortunei), from East Asia, climbs by aerial rootlets. It has glossy evergreen leaves and clusters of greenish flowers followed by orange fruits. Its many cultivated varieties include bigleaf, glossy, sarcoxie, baby, longwood, and purpleleaf, widely used in landscaping.

  • winter cress (plant)

    Winter cress, (genus Barbarea), genus of about 20 species of weedy herbs of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), native to the north temperate region. Most species are biennials or perennials and have yellow or white four-petaled flowers and deeply lobed leaves. Some winter cresses are cultivated as

  • winter daffodil (plant)

    Amaryllidaceae: …ornamental Eurasian plant known as winter daffodil (Sternbergia lutea) is often cultivated in borders or rock gardens. Natal lily, or Kaffir lily (Clivia miniata), a South African perennial, is cultivated as a houseplant for its orange flowers lined with yellow.

  • winter dance (North American Indian culture)

    Northwest Coast Indian: Religion and the performing arts: …Coast peoples; known as the spirit dances, they were performed during the winter months.

  • winter daphne (plant)

    Daphne: …include the several varieties of winter daphne (D. odora), which have very fragrant white to purplish flowers in crowded clusters. D. indica, with red blossoms, and D. japonica, with white or pinkish-purple flowers, are also grown as greenhouse evergreens.

  • winter dormancy (zoology)

    dormancy: Effects of temperature: …reptiles, which is also called brumation, is akin to hibernation in mammals. Instead of experiencing long, sustained periods of inactivity, brumating reptiles stir occasionally to drink water; however, they may go without food for several months. Dormancy in reptiles may display a circadian rhythm, a seasonal one, or both; it…

  • Winter Egg (decorative egg [1913])

    Fabergé egg: …the Imperial eggs was the Winter Egg (1913), which was the most expensive, boasting some 3,000 diamonds. Ice crystals were engraved on the shell, while inside was a floral bouquet, representing spring. The Blue Serpent Clock (1895) featured a rotating dial that wrapped around the top of the egg; the…

  • winter fishing

    fishing: Methods: Ice fishing, through holes cut in frozen lakes, is particularly popular in the northeastern United States and the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence valley region of the United States and Canada. Equipment is commonly a three-foot rod with a simple reel or a cleatlike device to hold…

  • winter flounder (fish)

    flounder: …pounds) in weight; and the winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus), an American Atlantic food fish, growing to about 60 cm (23 inches) in length. Flounders in that family typically have the eyes and colouring on the right side.

  • Winter Games

    Alpine skiing: skiing technique that evolved during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the mountainous terrain of the Alps in central Europe. Modern Alpine competitive skiing is divided into the so-called speed and technical events, the former comprising downhill skiing and the supergiant slalom, or…

  • Winter Garden (novel by Bainbridge)

    Dame Beryl Bainbridge: Winter Garden (1980) is a mystery about an English artist who disappears on a visit to the Soviet Union. Subsequent novels include An Awfully Big Adventure (1989; filmed 1995), The Birthday Boys (1991), Every Man for Himself (1996), Master Georgie (1998), and According to Queeney…

  • Winter Haven (Florida, United States)

    Winter Haven, city, Polk county, central Florida, U.S., situated amid a large cluster of small lakes, about 15 miles (25 km) east of Lakeland. The area was settled in the 1860s. The city was laid out in 1884 and originally called Harris Corners (for the family who owned a local store) but was later

  • winter hazel (plant)

    Winter hazel, any of about 10 species of the genus Corylopsis, deciduous shrubs or small trees of the witch hazel family (Hamamelidaceae). They are native to eastern Asia and the Himalayas but are planted elsewhere as ornamentals. Their bell-shaped creamy to yellow fragrant flowers appear in

  • Winter Hill Gang (American crime syndicate)

    Whitey Bulger: …as head of the Boston-area Winter Hill Gang, was a leading figure in organized crime from the late 1960s to the mid-1990s. For more than a decade, until his capture in June 2011, he was listed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) as one of its 10 most-wanted fugitives.

  • winter jasmine (plant)

    jasmine: Major species: Winter jasmine (J. nudiflorum), a Chinese species with solitary yellow flowers, is used as a cover plant on hillsides. Japanese, or primrose, jasmine (J. mesnyi) is a similar plant with larger flowers that bloom during the winter. Italian jasmine (J. humile), a vinelike shrub with…

  • Winter Journal (work by Auster)

    Paul Auster: …the pointedly unstudied and fragmentary Winter Journal (2012) was written in the second person and comprised self-reflective meditations interspersed with enumerations of Auster’s experiences, preferences, and travels. A companion volume, Report from the Interior (2013), arrayed a similarly eclectic selection of anecdotes alongside deeper analyses of some of his cinematic…

  • Winter Journey (novel by Colegate)

    Isabel Colegate: Winter Journey (1995) delves into the relationship between an aging brother and sister through their reminisces during a holiday together.

  • Winter Journey (work by Schubert)

    Winterreise, (German: “Winter Journey”) cycle of 24 songs for male voice and piano composed in 1827 by Austrian composer Franz Schubert, with words by German poet Wilhelm Müller. Schubert was reviewing the publisher’s proofs of the cycle in the weeks before his death, shortly before his 32nd

  • Winter Kills (film by Richert [1979])

    John Huston: Last films: …films, perhaps most notably in Winter Kills (1979), a thriller based on another Condon novel.

  • Winter Light (film by Bergman [1963])

    Ingmar Bergman: Life: …films, Through a Glass Darkly, Winter Light, and The Silence, dealing with the borderline between sanity and madness and that between human contact and total withdrawal, was regarded by many as his crowning achievement. Through a Glass Darkly won an Academy Award for best foreign film.

  • winter melon (plant)

    Wax gourd, (Benincasa hispida), fleshy vine of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae), grown for its edible fruits. The wax gourd is native to tropical Asia, where it is commonly used in soups, curries, and stir-fries and is sometimes made into a beverage. Like other gourds, the fruit has a long shelf

  • winter monsoon (meteorology)

    climate: Monsoons: Winter monsoons have a dominant easterly component and a strong tendency to diverge, subside, and cause drought. Both are the result of differences in annual temperature trends over land and sea.

  • Winter Nelis (fruit)

    pear: …as Beurré Bosc, D’Anjou, and Winter Nelis are grown. A highly popular variety in England and the Netherlands is Conference. Common Italian varieties include Curato, Coscia, and Passe Crassane, the latter also being popular in France. In Asian countries the pear crop comprises primarily local varieties of native species, such…

  • Winter Olympics

    Alpine skiing: skiing technique that evolved during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the mountainous terrain of the Alps in central Europe. Modern Alpine competitive skiing is divided into the so-called speed and technical events, the former comprising downhill skiing and the supergiant slalom, or…

  • Winter Palace (palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia)

    Winter Palace, former royal residence of the Russian tsars in St. Petersburg, on the Neva River. Several different palaces were constructed in the 18th century, with the fourth and final version built in 1754–62 by Baroque architect Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli; it was restored following a fire

  • Winter Park (Florida, United States)

    Winter Park, city, Orange county, central Florida, U.S., just north of Orlando. The city was founded as Lakeview in 1858, and the name was changed to Osceola in 1870. In 1881 Loring A. Chase and Oliver E. Chapman purchased 600 acres (240 hectares) of land on the site and laid out a town that they

  • winter pink (plant)

    Trailing arbutus, (Epigaea repens), trailing plant of the heath family (Ericaceae), native to sandy or boggy, acid woodlands of eastern North America. It has oblong, hairy evergreen leaves 2–6 cm (0.75–2.5 inches) long. The highly fragrant white, pink, or rosy flowers have a five-lobed corolla (the

  • Winter Quarters (Nebraska, United States)

    Omaha: History: …named Winter Quarters, later called Florence, which was subsequently annexed by Omaha. From 1847 to 1848 Winter Quarters witnessed the beginning of the Mormon migration to what became the state of Utah, but because the west side of the Missouri River was closed to permanent “white” settlement, the Mormons moved…

  • winter rose (herb)

    Christmas rose, (species Helleborus niger), small poisonous perennial herb of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae), known for its tendency to bloom from late autumn to early spring, often in the snow. It has evergreen compound leaves, of seven or more leaflets arranged like the fingers on a hand,

  • winter savory (herb)

    savory: Winter savory, or dwarf savory (S. montana), is a smaller perennial subshrub that flowers in winter. It is used for culinary purposes almost interchangeably with the summer species.

  • winter solstice (astronomy)

    Winter solstice, the two moments during the year when the path of the Sun in the sky is farthest south in the Northern Hemisphere (December 21 or 22) and farthest north in the Southern Hemisphere (June 20 or 21). At the winter solstice the Sun travels the shortest path through the sky, and that day

  • winter sports

    goggles: Modern goggles are worn in winter sports to protect against snow blindness and glare, against cold and wind, and against flying objects and objects that one might run into, such as tree branches.

  • winter squash (plant)

    pumpkin: …and used interchangeably with other winter squashes. In the United States and Canada, pumpkin pie is a traditional Thanksgiving and Christmas dessert. In some places, pumpkins are used as Halloween decorations known as jack-o’-lanterns, in which the interior of the pumpkin is cleaned out and a light is inserted to…

  • Winter Sun (poetry by Avison)

    Margaret Avison: …began writing the poems of Winter Sun (1960), her first collection, in 1956, while living in Chicago as a Guggenheim fellow. The introspective poems of this collection are concerned with belief and moral knowledge, and for the most part they are written in free verse. About the same time she…

  • Winter Trees (work by Plath)

    Sylvia Plath: …Crossing the Water (1971) and Winter Trees (1971), was welcomed by critics and the public alike. The Bell Jar was reissued in Great Britain under her own name in 1966, and it was published in the United States for the first time in 1971. Johnny Panic and the Bible of…

  • Winter Vault, The (novel by Michaels)

    Anne Michaels: Novels: Michaels’s second novel, The Winter Vault (2009), begins with a couple, Jean and Avery, living on a houseboat beneath the temple of Abu Simbel in Egypt during the construction of the Aswan Dam in the 1960s. Avery is one of the engineers tasked with dismantling and reassembling the…

  • Winter War (Russo-Finnish history [1939–1940])

    Russo-Finnish War, (November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940), war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (August 23, 1939). During the 1920s the Finnish government, wary of the threat posed by the Soviet

  • winter wheat

    agricultural technology: Dryland farming: …inches (400 millimetres) per year, winter wheat is the most favoured crop, although spring wheat is planted in some areas where severe winter killing may occur. (Grain sorghum is another crop grown in these areas.) Where some summer rainfall occurs, dry beans are an important crop. All dryland crop yield…

  • Winter Wheat Belt (geographical area, North America)

    North America: Cool temperate, humid regions: The Winter Wheat Belt, mainly in Kansas and Oklahoma, lies south of killing frosts. As the polar front retreats in early spring, the sweep of rainstorms brings on the grain sown in the previous fall. The Spring Wheat Belt—in the Dakotas, Montana, Minnesota, the Canadian Prairie…

  • Winter’s bark (tree, Drimys winteri)

    Winteraceae: …known is the South American Winter’s bark (Drimys winteri), a 15-metre (50-foot) tree with hot-tasting leaves and bark. The bark was formerly used as a preventive against scurvy. Winter’s bark has leathery elliptic-shaped leaves; red-tinged shoots; and jasmine-scented, cream-coloured, 8- to 12-petaled, 2.5-cm (1-inch) flowers in clusters. A closely related…

  • Winter’s Bone (film by Granik [2010])

    Jennifer Lawrence: …the lead in the movie Winter’s Bone (2010). For her portrayal of Ree, a poor rural teenager tracking down her missing criminal father in the Ozark Mountains, Lawrence, at the age of 20, received her first best actress Academy Award nomination.

  • Winter’s Tale (film by Goldsman [2014])

    Russell Crowe: …crime boss in the fantasy Winter’s Tale (2014); and as the titular biblical figure in Noah (2014).

  • Winter’s Tale, The (work by Shakespeare)

    The Winter’s Tale, play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written about 1609–11 and produced at the Globe Theatre in London. It was published in the First Folio of 1623 from a transcript, by Ralph Crane (scrivener of the King’s Men), of an authorial manuscript or possibly the playbook. One of

  • Winter’s Tales (short stories by Dinesen)

    Winter’s Tales, collection of short stories by Isak Dinesen, originally published in Danish as Vinter-eventyr in 1942 and then translated by the author into English in the same year. Mostly set against the backdrop of historic Denmark, the 11 stories trace the symbolic destinies of simple

  • Winter, Fifth Avenue (photograph by Stieglitz)

    Alfred Stieglitz: The Photo-Secession: …life and place, such as Winter, Fifth Avenue or The Terminal (both 1892)—are almost always answers to difficult technical problems, which Stieglitz loved, and which often trumped his impulses to make photographs that were artistically correct.

  • Winter, Fred (British jockey and trainer)

    Fred Winter, (Frederick Thomas Winter), British steeplechase (jump) jockey and trainer (born Sept. 20, 1926, Andover, Hampshire, Eng.—died April 5, 2004, Swindon, Wiltshire, Eng.), was the National Hunt champion jockey four times in an 18-year riding career (1947–64) and then champion trainer e

  • Winter, Frederick Thomas (British jockey and trainer)

    Fred Winter, (Frederick Thomas Winter), British steeplechase (jump) jockey and trainer (born Sept. 20, 1926, Andover, Hampshire, Eng.—died April 5, 2004, Swindon, Wiltshire, Eng.), was the National Hunt champion jockey four times in an 18-year riding career (1947–64) and then champion trainer e

  • Winter, Friedrich (glass engraver)

    Bohemian glass: …glassware through the work of Friedrich Winter and other glass engravers. In the late 18th century English lead glass with cut decoration surpassed Bohemian glass in popularity after the introduction of the new Rococo style. Bohemian glass responded to competition with the invention of Hyalith glass, black with gold chinoiserie…

  • Winter, Gregory P. (British biochemst)

    Gregory P. Winter, British biochemist known for his development of the first humanized antibodies, his research on the directed evolution of antibodies, and his application of phage display technology for the development of fully human therapeutic antibodies. Winter was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize

  • Winter, John Dawson, III (American musician)

    Johnny Winter, (John Dawson Winter III), American blues guitarist and singer (born Feb. 23, 1944, Beaumont, Texas—died July 16, 2014, Zürich, Switz.), introduced new audiences to the electrifying potential of the blues. His success in the studio and on tour earned him the number 63 ranking on

  • Winter, Johnny (American musician)

    Johnny Winter, (John Dawson Winter III), American blues guitarist and singer (born Feb. 23, 1944, Beaumont, Texas—died July 16, 2014, Zürich, Switz.), introduced new audiences to the electrifying potential of the blues. His success in the studio and on tour earned him the number 63 ranking on

  • Winter, Kurt (Canadian musician)

    the Guess Who: December 31, 1947, Winnipeg), Kurt Winter (b. April 2, 1946; d. December 14, 1997, Winnipeg), and Greg Leskiw (b. August 5, 1947).

  • Winter, Sir Gregory Paul (British biochemst)

    Gregory P. Winter, British biochemist known for his development of the first humanized antibodies, his research on the directed evolution of antibodies, and his application of phage display technology for the development of fully human therapeutic antibodies. Winter was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize

  • Winter, Thomas (English conspirator)

    Gunpowder Plot: …together with his four coconspirators—Thomas Winter, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Guy Fawkes—were zealous Roman Catholics angered by James’s refusal to grant more religious toleration to Catholics. They apparently hoped that the confusion that would follow the murder of the king, his ministers, and the members of Parliament would…

  • Winter, Zikmund (Czech author)

    Czech literature: The 18th and 19th centuries: …historical novelists Alois Jirásek and Zikmund Winter. Both men presented romanticized versions of Czech history, but their historical details were based on scholarly research. Jirásek’s novels presented an entire history of the Czechs up to his own time, concentrating in particular on the Hussite period and the national revival of…

  • Winter-Wood, Edith (British chess composer)

    chess: Women in chess: Edith Winter-Wood composed more than 2,000 problems, 700 of which appeared in a book published in 1902.

  • Winteraceae (plant family)

    Winteraceae, family of aromatic trees and shrubs in the order Canellales, containing 9 genera and 120 species. Most species are native to Southeast Asia and Australasia. Members of the family have wood without water-conducting cells and produce acrid sap. The leathery leaves are gland-dotted and

  • Winterales (plant order)

    Canellales, order of flowering plants consisting of 2 families (Winteraceae and Canellaceae), 15 genera, and 136 species. Together with three other orders (Laurales, Magnoliales, and Piperales), Canellales constitutes the magnoliids clade, which is an early branch in the angiosperm tree.

  • winterberry (plant)

    holly: Major species: …America, as is the deciduous winterberry (I. verticillata). Possum haw (I. decidua), also deciduous, bears red fruits on a shrub growing to 10 metres (33 feet).

  • Winterbotham, Ann Sophia (American editor and author)

    Ann Sophia Stephens, American editor and writer whose melodramatic novels, popular in serialized form, gained an even wider readership as some of the first "dime novels." Ann Winterbotham knew from childhood that she wanted to be a writer. In 1831 she married Edward Stephens and settled in

  • Winterbotham, Frederick William (British secret service official)

    Frederick William Winterbotham, British secret-service official who played a key role in the Ultra code-breaking project during World War II. Winterbotham joined the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars in 1915 but later transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, where he became a fighter pilot. He was shot

  • Winterbottom, Sir Walter (British football manager and coach)

    Sir Walter Winterbottom, British association football (soccer) manager and coach (born March 31, 1913, Oldham, Lancashire, Eng.—died Feb. 16, 2002, Guildford, Surrey, Eng.), was from 1946 to 1962 the first and longest-serving full-time manager of England’s national football team as well as the F

  • Winterbranch (dance by Cunningham)

    dance: Merce Cunningham: One of his pieces, Winterbranch (1964), started out as a study based on moving into a space and falling, but it produced a powerful effect on audiences, who variously interpreted it as a piece about war, concentration camps, or even sea storms. Cunningham believed that the expressive qualities in…

  • wintergreen (plant)

    Wintergreen, any of several evergreen, aromatic plants of the heath family (Ericaceae). Oil of wintergreen, derived from the leaves of Gaultheria procumbens, is a volatile oil used as a flavouring for candies and chewing gum and in the treatment of muscular aches and pains. The active ingredient,

  • wintergreen (plant, Gaultheria procumbens)

    Gaultheria: Wintergreen (G. procumbens), also called checkerberry or teaberry, is a creeping shrub with white bell-shaped flowers, spicy red fruits, and aromatic shiny leaves. Creeping snowberry (G. hispidula) is a mat-forming evergreen with small pointed leaves that give a spicy odour when crushed.

  • wintergreen barberry (plant)

    barberry: Another widely planted species is wintergreen barberry (B. julianae), an evergreen shrub with bluish black berries. The cultivation of certain barberry species is prohibited in some regions because they harbour one of the spore stages of the fungus that causes black stem rust of wheat.

  • wintergreen oil (essential oil)

    essential oil: Chemical composition: …a few components predominate: thus oil of wintergreen contains about 98 percent of methyl salicylate; orange oil, about 90 percent of d-limonene; bois de rose, 90 percent of linalool; and cassia, up to 95 percent of cinnamaldehyde. In most oils there is a mixture of anywhere from a few dozen…

  • Winterhalter, Franz Xaver (German painter)

    Franz Xaver Winterhalter, German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty. Trained in Freiburg im Breisgau and Munich, Germany, Winterhalter entered court circles when in 1828 he became drawing master to Sophie, later grand duchess of Baden, at Karlsruhe. After 1834 he went to

  • wintering (chemical process)

    fat and oil processing: Destearinating or winterizing: It is often desirable to remove the traces of waxes (e.g., cuticle wax from seed coats) and the higher-melting glycerides from fats. Waxes can generally be removed by rapid chilling and filtering. Separation of high-melting glycerides, or stearine, usually requires very slow cooling in…

  • winterizing (chemical process)

    fat and oil processing: Destearinating or winterizing: It is often desirable to remove the traces of waxes (e.g., cuticle wax from seed coats) and the higher-melting glycerides from fats. Waxes can generally be removed by rapid chilling and filtering. Separation of high-melting glycerides, or stearine, usually requires very slow cooling in…

  • Winterland (building, San Francisco, California, United States)

    San Francisco ballrooms: Winterland: these four venues ushered in the modern era of rock show presentation and grew out of the hippie counterculture of San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district. The first multiband rock show was held at the Ark in Sausalito in 1965 and proved so successful that the…

  • Winterreise (work by Schubert)

    Winterreise, (German: “Winter Journey”) cycle of 24 songs for male voice and piano composed in 1827 by Austrian composer Franz Schubert, with words by German poet Wilhelm Müller. Schubert was reviewing the publisher’s proofs of the cycle in the weeks before his death, shortly before his 32nd

  • Winterreise, Die (work by Müller)

    Wilhelm Müller: …“Die sch?ne Müllerin” and “Die Winterreise,” which Franz Schubert set to music.

  • Winters, Arthur Yvor (American poet)

    Yvor Winters, American poet, critic, and teacher who held that literature should be evaluated for its moral and intellectual content as well as on aesthetic grounds. Educated at the University of Chicago, University of Colorado (Boulder), and Stanford University (California), Winters taught at the

  • Winters, Jonathan (American comedian)

    Jonathan Winters, American comedian who used sound effects, facial contortions, a gift for mimicry, and breakneck improvisational skills to entertain nightclub, radio, television, and film audiences. He was once described by talk-show host Jack Paar as “pound for pound, the funniest man alive.” The

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