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  • witch trial

    witchcraft: The witch hunts: Because of the continuity of witch trials with those for heresy, it is impossible to say when the first witch trial occurred. Even though the clergy and judges in the Middle Ages were skeptical of accusations of witchcraft, the period 1300–30 can be seen as the beginning of witch trials.…

  • witch-hunt

    Germany: German society in the later 1500s: As elsewhere, the witch craze in the empire seems to have been a reaction to the strains of a time of troubles, the actual causes of which, fairly clear now to historians, were hidden from contemporaries.

  • witchcraft

    Witchcraft, the exercise or invocation of alleged supernatural powers to control people or events, practices typically involving sorcery or magic. Although defined differently in disparate historical and cultural contexts, witchcraft has often been seen, especially in the West, as the work of

  • Witchcraft Through the Ages (film by Christensen)

    Benjamin Christensen: …directed the film H?xan (Witchcraft Through the Ages), for which he became famous. In the film he portrayed Satan, the central character in a screenplay that gave a graphic description of the continuum of satanic practices from medieval to modern times. The film, although widely acknowledged for its craftsmanship…

  • Witchcraft Today (work by Gardner)

    witchcraft: Contemporary witchcraft: …laudatory introduction to his book Witchcraft Today (1954), fixed this erroneous notion of an ancient witch-cult somewhere in the public consciousness, and it has been nurtured there by Robert Graves’s The White Goddess (1948) and innumerable more recent quasi-fictional and fictional accounts.

  • Witchcraft Victims’ Memorial (memorial, Massachusetts, United States)

    Danvers: The Witchcraft Victims’ Memorial lists the names of those who were executed during the Salem witch trials of 1692. Area 14 square miles (36 square km). Pop. (2000) 25,212; (2010) 26,493.

  • Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande (work by Evans-Pritchard)

    E.E. Evans-Pritchard: Two books about these peoples, Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande (1937) and The Nuer (1940), made his reputation. In 1940 he and Meyer Fortes edited a volume of essays, African Political Systems, that revolutionized the comparative study of governments.

  • Witcher, Nancy (British politician)

    Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess Astor, first woman to sit in the British House of Commons, known in public and private life for her great energy and wit. In 1897 she married Robert Gould Shaw of Boston, from whom she was divorced in 1903, and in 1906 she married Waldorf Astor, great-great-grandson

  • Witches of Eastwick, The (film by Miller [1987])

    George Miller: …from action films to direct The Witches of Eastwick (1987), an adaptation of the John Updike novel. With an all-star cast—which included Cher, Susan Sarandon, and Michelle Pfeiffer as the title characters and Jack Nicholson as the Devil—the comedy-horror film was a critical and commercial success.

  • Witches of Eastwick, The (novel by Updike)

    John Updike: The Witches of Eastwick (1984; filmed 1987), about a coven of witches, was followed by The Widows of Eastwick (2008), which trails the women into old age. Bech: A Book (1970), Bech Is Back (1982), and Bech at Bay (1998) humorously trace the tribulations of…

  • Witches Stone (historical site, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Forres: The Witches Stone was the scene of early witch burnings. Contemporary industries include whisky distilling, agriculture, and tourism. Pop. (2001) 9,210; (2011) 9,950.

  • Witches’ Hammer, The (work by Kraemer and Sprenger)

    Malleus maleficarum, detailed legal and theological document (c. 1486) regarded as the standard handbook on witchcraft, including its detection and its extirpation, until well into the 18th century. Its appearance did much to spur on and sustain some two centuries of witch-hunting hysteria in

  • witches’ sabbath (rite)

    Witches’ sabbath, nocturnal gathering of witches, a colourful and intriguing part of the lore surrounding them in Christian European tradition. The concept dates from the mid-14th century when it first appeared in Inquisition records, although revels and feasts mentioned by such classical authors

  • witches’-broom (plant disease)

    Witches’-broom, symptom of plant disease that occurs as an abnormal brushlike cluster of dwarfed weak shoots arising at or near the same point; twigs and branches of woody plants may die back. There are numerous causes, including rust (Gymnosporangium and Pucciniastrum); Apiosporina, Exobasidium,

  • Witches, The (film by Frankel [1966])

    Joan Fontaine: …schoolteacher in the horror film The Witches (1966).

  • Witches, The (film by Roeg [1990])

    Anjelica Huston: …imperious Grand High Witch in The Witches, an adaptation of a children’s novel by Roald Dahl, and as murderous con artist Lilly Dillon in The Grifters, for which she received an Oscar nomination for best actress. That year her intermittent relationship with Nicholson—much discussed in the tabloids—also ended. Huston then…

  • Witchfinder General (film by Reeves [1968])

    Witchfinder General, British horror film, released in 1968, that is noted for Vincent Price’s sinister portrayal of its main character. Witchfinder General tells the story of Matthew Hopkins (played by Price), the real-life 17th-century Puritan lawyer and witch-finder. During the witch-hunting

  • witchgrass (plant)

    panicum: Witchgrass (P. capillare), a tufted annual, is a common weed in fields and disturbed areas. Its large purplish flower clusters break off and are blown by the wind.

  • Witchi Tai To (song)

    Jim Pepper: …in 1969 and featured “Witchi Tai To,” a peyote song that Pepper had arranged according to his own jazz, rock, and folk music sensibilities. Everything Is Everything’s recording of “Witchi Tai To” ultimately reached number 69 on Billboard’s Hot 100 chart in 1969, and the song remained popular into…

  • witchweed (plant)

    Witchweed, any plant of the genus Striga in the family Orobanchaceae, including about 40 species of the Old World tropics and one species introduced into the southeastern United States. About 10 species are destructive as parasites on such crops as corn (maize), sorghum, rice, sugarcane, and

  • wite (German law)

    wergild: Another, wite, was a fine paid to the king by a criminal as an atonement for his deed. If a crime was intentional, both wite and wergild had to be paid; otherwise, simple wergild was sufficient.

  • Witelo (Polish natural scientist and philosopher)

    Witelo, Polish natural scientist and philosopher, best known for his Perspectiva (c. 1274). He studied arts at Paris and canon law at Padua and spent some time at the papal court in Viterbo. One of the first analyses of space perception, the Perspectiva was incorporated into Opticae thesaurus

  • witenagemot (Anglo-Saxon council)

    Witan, the council of the Anglo-Saxon kings in and of England; its essential duty was to advise the king on all matters on which he chose to ask its opinion. It attested his grants of land to churches or laymen, consented to his issue of new laws or new statements of ancient custom, and helped h

  • With a Little Patience (film by Nemes [2007])

    László Nemes: …of his own: Türelem (2007; With a Little Patience), which was shown at the Venice International Film Festival. In 2006 he briefly sojourned in New York City, attending the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University. He directed two more shorts, The Counterpart (2008) and The Gentleman Takes…

  • With a Song in My Heart (film by Lang [1952])

    Susan Hayward: In Walter Lang’s With a Song in My Heart (1952), she portrayed the real-life singer Jane Froman, who battled back from severe injuries sustained in an airplane crash at the height of her career; Hayward received a third Oscar nomination for her performance. She also appeared in Henry…

  • With Byrd at the South Pole (film by Johnson [1930])
  • With Ignorance (work by Williams)

    C.K. Williams: …mature style first appeared in With Ignorance (1977), which is an exploration of the American psyche rather than a diatribe, and its long-lined conversational poems have a dramatic and investigative quality. Later works include Tar (1983), Flesh and Blood (1987), A Dream of Mind (1992), and The Vigil (1997). Following…

  • With My Red Fires (dance by Humphrey)

    Doris Humphrey: With My Red Fires, the second section, portrayed romantic love, a theme previously held unsuitable or too difficult for modern dance. Theater Piece, the work designed to open the trilogy, was co-choreographed with Weidman. Inquest (1944), a social protest and the last work in which…

  • With Napoleon in Russia (work by Caulaincourt)

    biography: Letters, diaries, and journals: …Russia with Napoleon (translated as With Napoleon in Russia, 1935) and the Journals of the brothers Goncourt, which present a confidential history of the literary life of mid-19th-century Paris.

  • With Rue My Heart Is Laden (poem by Housman)

    With Rue My Heart Is Laden, short epigrammatic poem in the collection A Shropshire Lad by A.E. Housman. A blend of Romantic lyricism and elegant classicism, it typifies the elegiac tone of the collection. The poem comprises two stanzas of alternating seven- and six-syllable

  • With Teeth (album by Nine Inch Nails)

    Nine Inch Nails: With Teeth (2005) also went to number one, and its industrial dance-floor anthems signaled a return to the sound of The Downward Spiral. Given the half-decade wait between previous Nine Inch Nails releases, a veritable flurry of activity followed. The concept album Year Zero (2007)…

  • With the Procession (novel by Fuller)

    Henry Blake Fuller: With the Procession (1895) was another realistic novel, about a wealthy Chicago merchant family and the efforts of some of its members to keep up with the city’s wealthy ruling class. His other fiction set in Chicago included Under the Skylights (1901), short stories about…

  • Withals, John (English lexicographer)

    dictionary: From Classical times to 1604: …appeared the first edition by John Withals of A Short Dictionary for Young Beginners, which gained greater circulation (to judge by the frequency of editions) than any other book of its kind. Many other lexicographers contributed to the development of dictionaries. Certain dictionaries were more ambitious and included a number…

  • Witham, River (river, England, United Kingdom)

    River Witham, main river of Lincolnshire, England, with a total length of about 80 miles (130 km). It flows from the northeastern Midlands, first northward past Grantham to Lincoln, where it cuts through the Lincoln Edge (a limestone ridge) in a steep-sided gap, and then eastward and later

  • withdrawal (physiology)

    alcoholism: Defining alcoholism: …effects and that causes a withdrawal syndrome when drinking is stopped. This definition is inadequate, however, because alcoholics, unlike other drug addicts, do not always need ever-increasing doses of alcohol. Opium addicts, on the other hand, become so adapted to the drug that they can survive more than a hundred…

  • withdrawal (contraceptive method)

    contraception: Coitus interruptus, or withdrawal of the penis before ejaculation, is one of the oldest methods, and, though it is not reliable, it is still widely practiced. Documents surviving from ancient Egypt record various methods for averting conception. The most lucid and detailed early account of…

  • withdrawal syndrome (physiology)

    alcoholism: Defining alcoholism: …effects and that causes a withdrawal syndrome when drinking is stopped. This definition is inadequate, however, because alcoholics, unlike other drug addicts, do not always need ever-increasing doses of alcohol. Opium addicts, on the other hand, become so adapted to the drug that they can survive more than a hundred…

  • Wither, George (English writer)

    George Wither, English poet and Puritan pamphleteer, best remembered for a few songs and hymns. Wither entered Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1604 but left in 1606 without a degree. In 1610 he settled in London and in 1615 began to study law. His Abuses Stript and Whipt (1613)—with its satiric

  • withering (tea processing)

    tea: Withering: Plucking the leaf initiates the withering stage, in which the leaf becomes flaccid and loses water until, from a fresh moisture content of 70 to 80 percent by weight, it arrives at a withered content of 55 to 70 percent, depending upon the type…

  • Withering, William (English physician)

    William Withering, English physician best known for his use of extracts of foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) to treat dropsy (edema), a condition associated with heart failure and characterized by the accumulation of fluid in soft tissues. Withering’s insights on the medical uses of foxglove proved

  • Witheringia solanacea (plant)

    William Withering: Influence on medicine and science: The flowering plant Witheringia solanacea (order Solanales) was also named in his honour.

  • Witherings, Thomas (British merchant)

    postal system: Growth of the post as a government monopoly: ” Thomas Witherings, a London merchant, was given the task of organizing regular services to run by day and night along the great post roads.

  • Witherington, Cecile Pearl (British wartime agent)

    Pearl Cornioley, (Cecile Pearl Witherington), British wartime agent (born June 24, 1914, Paris, France—died Feb. 24, 2008, Loire Valley, France), as an operative of the British Special Operations Executive (SOE), commanded a network of French Resistance forces during World War II. After her British

  • witherite (mineral)

    Witherite, a carbonate mineral, barium carbonate (BaCO3), that is, with the exception of barite, the most common barium mineral, despite its rarity. It is ordinarily found in fairly pure form in association with barite and galena in low-temperature hydrothermal veins, as in the north of England

  • Withers, Audrey (British journalist)

    Audrey Withers, British journalist (born March 28, 1905, Hale, Cheshire, Eng.—died Oct. 26, 2001), was appointed editor of Vogue in 1940 and over the following two decades increased both the magazine’s size and its subscription base through her transformation and modernization of its content. She w

  • Withers, Elizabeth Audrey (British journalist)

    Audrey Withers, British journalist (born March 28, 1905, Hale, Cheshire, Eng.—died Oct. 26, 2001), was appointed editor of Vogue in 1940 and over the following two decades increased both the magazine’s size and its subscription base through her transformation and modernization of its content. She w

  • Withers, George (English writer)

    George Wither, English poet and Puritan pamphleteer, best remembered for a few songs and hymns. Wither entered Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1604 but left in 1606 without a degree. In 1610 he settled in London and in 1615 began to study law. His Abuses Stript and Whipt (1613)—with its satiric

  • Withers, George (English clergyman)

    Thomas Erastus: …Heidelberg by the English Puritan George Withers, who affirmed both the presbyterian system of church government (assemblies of elected representatives) and the practice of excommunication, Erastus drew up 100 theses (later reduced to 75) to refute him. Erastus maintained that excommunication is unscriptural, that the sacraments should not be withheld…

  • Withers, Georgette Lizette (British actress)

    Googie Withers, (Georgette Lizette Withers), British actress (born March 12, 1917, Karachi, British India [now in Pakistan]—died July 15, 2011, Sydney, Australia), showed remarkable breadth of talent, portraying a variety of characters on the stage and in film, with the height of her popularity

  • Withers, Googie (British actress)

    Googie Withers, (Georgette Lizette Withers), British actress (born March 12, 1917, Karachi, British India [now in Pakistan]—died July 15, 2011, Sydney, Australia), showed remarkable breadth of talent, portraying a variety of characters on the stage and in film, with the height of her popularity

  • Witherspoon v. Illinois (law case)

    death-qualified jury: …of the United States in Witherspoon v. Illinois, in which the court ruled that philosophical opposition to capital punishment did not disqualify a juror automatically, as a person might oppose capital punishment generally yet believe it is his duty to uphold the laws as they are until changed. The court…

  • Witherspoon, James (American singer)

    James Witherspoon, American blues singer who was one of the great blues shouters--those whose loud delivery could be heard above the band; his 1949 recording of "Ain’t Nobody’s Business" topped the rhythm and blues charts for 34 weeks (b. Aug. 8, 1923--d. Sept. 18,

  • Witherspoon, John (American clergyman)

    John Witherspoon, Scottish-American Presbyterian minister and president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University); he was the only clergyman to sign the Declaration of Independence. After completing his theological studies at the University of Edinburgh (1743), he was called to the

  • Witherspoon, Laura Jeanne Reese (American actress)

    Reese Witherspoon, American actress who appeared in a wide range of genres but was perhaps best known for her romantic comedies, in which she often portrayed charming yet determined characters. Witherspoon’s father was a U.S. Air Force doctor, and the family lived in West Germany for several years

  • Witherspoon, Reese (American actress)

    Reese Witherspoon, American actress who appeared in a wide range of genres but was perhaps best known for her romantic comedies, in which she often portrayed charming yet determined characters. Witherspoon’s father was a U.S. Air Force doctor, and the family lived in West Germany for several years

  • withholding tax

    tax law: Computation of the tax: …provide for prepayment of the withholding tax on dividends and other income from personal property and have set up a “pay-as-you-go” system for professional income. Such provisional payments are calculated by the taxpayer. Advance payment of all or part of the income tax (on a voluntary or compulsory basis) before…

  • Within a Budding Grove (work by Proust)

    Baron de Charlus: …introduced in the second novel, Within a Budding Grove (1919).

  • Within the Gates (play by O’Casey)

    Sean O'Casey: Another Expressionist play, Within the Gates (1934), followed, in which the modern world is symbolized by the happenings in a public park. The Star Turns Red (1940) is an antifascist play, and the semiautobiographical Red Roses for Me (1946) is set in Dublin at the time of the…

  • within-job discrimination (economics and society)

    gender wage gap: Within-job segregation: Within-job discrimination occurs when men are paid more than women who hold the same job and have comparable levels of skill and experience. Most scholars agree that, although within-job discrimination was a major contributor to the gender wage gap at one point, it no longer…

  • Without a Net (album by Shorter)

    Wayne Shorter: … (1985), High Life (1995), and Without a Net (2013); the latter was one of several that featured the quartet of Shorter, Danilo Pérez (piano), John Patitucci (bass), and Brian Blade (drums). Shorter received more than 10 Grammy Awards, including a lifetime achievement award in 2015. Three years later he was…

  • Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery (work by Fogel)

    Robert William Fogel: …a defense of his work, Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery (1989), which included a moral condemnation of slavery and clarified his earlier research. His later publications include Economic Growth, Population Theory and Physiology: The Bearings of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy…

  • Without Place (poetry by Alexander)

    Meena Alexander: …I Root My Name (1977), Without Place (1978), Stone Roots (1980), House of a Thousand Doors (1988), and The Storm: A Poem in Five Parts (1989). She also wrote a one-act play, In the Middle Earth (1977); a volume of criticism, Women in Romanticism (1989); a semiautobiographical novel set in…

  • Without Saying (poetry by Howard)

    Richard Howard: …Traveller (1989), Selected Poems (1991), Without Saying (2008), and A Progressive Education (2014).

  • Withoutabox (Web site)

    IMDb: The other was Withoutabox, founded in 2000 as an electronic interface between film festivals in search of films and filmmakers in search of audiences. Like many other Web sites, IMDb moved into mobile applications during the 21st century.

  • Witigis (Ostrogoth king of Italy)

    Witigis, Ostrogoth soldier who became king of Italy and led his people in an unsuccessful last-ditch struggle against the Eastern Roman Empire. Witigis was elected king in the autumn of 536 to replace Theodahad, who had been deposed and killed as the Byzantine general Belisarius advanced on Rome.

  • Witiko (work by Stifter)

    Adalbert Stifter: His epic Witiko (1865–67) uses medieval Bohemian history as a symbol for the human struggle for a just and peaceful order. Other stories followed, but he was too ill to finish his project of expanding Die Mappe meines Urgrossvaters into a novel: only the first volume was…

  • Witiza (king of the Visigoths)

    Al-Andalus: Initial Muslim conquests: On the death of Witiza, his dispossessed family appealed to the Muslims, ceded Ceuta, and enabled ?āriq to land in Spain with a Berber army. On hearing the news, Roderick, who had succeeded Witiza as king of the Visigoths, hastened southward, and ?āriq called on Mūsā for reinforcements. Roderick…

  • Witjira National Park (national park, South Australia, Australia)

    Simpson Desert: The 3,000-square-mile (7,770-square-km) Witjira National Park (1985), also in northern South Australia, covers an area on the western edge of the desert.

  • Witkacy (Polish writer and painter)

    Stanis?aw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish painter, novelist, and playwright, well known as a dramatist in the period between the two world wars. After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, Witkiewicz traveled in Germany, France, and Italy. In 1914 he left for Australia as the artist and

  • Witkiewicz, Stanis?aw Ignacy (Polish writer and painter)

    Stanis?aw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish painter, novelist, and playwright, well known as a dramatist in the period between the two world wars. After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, Witkiewicz traveled in Germany, France, and Italy. In 1914 he left for Australia as the artist and

  • Witkin, Evelyn M. (American geneticist)

    Evelyn M. Witkin, American geneticist whose groundbreaking research on mutagenesis (the induction of mutations) in bacteria provided insight into mechanisms of DNA repair, the fundamental process by which living organisms maintain their genetic integrity in order to survive. Witkin’s discoveries

  • Witkin, Herman A. (American psychologist)

    personality: Cognitive controls and styles: Klein and Herman Witkin in the 1940s and ’50s were able to show that several cognitive controls were relatively stable over a class of situations and intentions. For example, the psychologists found a stable tendency in some people to blur distinctions between successively appearing stimuli so that…

  • Witkowski, Felix Ernst (German journalist)

    Maximilian Felix Ernst Harden, political journalist, a spokesman for extreme German nationalism before and during World War I and a radical socialist after Germany’s defeat. Initially an actor, Harden founded and edited the weekly Die Zukunft (1892–1923; “The Future”), which attained great

  • witloef (cultivated herb)

    chicory: Another method produces witloef, or witloof, the tighter heads or crowns preferred in Belgium and elsewhere. Throughout Europe the roots are stored to produce leaves for salads during winter.

  • witloof (cultivated herb)

    chicory: Another method produces witloef, or witloof, the tighter heads or crowns preferred in Belgium and elsewhere. Throughout Europe the roots are stored to produce leaves for salads during winter.

  • Witmer, Lightner (American educator)

    applied psychology: …at the University of Pennsylvania, Lightner Witmer established the world’s first psychological clinic and in so doing originated the field of clinical psychology. Intelligence testing began with the work of French psychologists Alfred Binet and Théodore Simon in the Paris schools in the early 1900s. Group testing, legal problems, industrial…

  • witness (law)

    evidence: Sources of proof: …five separate sources of evidence: witnesses, parties, experts, documents, and real evidence.

  • Witness (film by Weir [1985])

    Peter Weir: …directed his first Hollywood film, Witness, a character-driven thriller for which he received an Academy Award nomination. He continued to earn acclaim with films such as Dead Poets Society (1989), a drama set in a boys’ preparatory school in the 1950s, The Truman Show (1998), a fable about the tyranny…

  • Witness (album by Perry)

    Katy Perry: Perry’s fourth studio album, Witness (2017), more introspective than her earlier work, was less well received.

  • Witness (work by Chambers)

    Whittaker Chambers: …Chambers published a best-selling autobiography, Witness, which was also serialized in The Saturday Evening Post and condensed in Reader’s Digest. Aside from working briefly in the late 1950s as an editor for the National Review at the behest of founder William F. Buckley, Jr., Chambers hardly appeared in print again.…

  • Witness for Peace (American organization)

    Witness for Peace (WFP), U.S. nonprofit organization founded in 1983 by faith-based activists in response to the U.S. government’s funding of the contras, the counterrevolutionaries fighting to overthrow the left-wing Sandinista government of Nicaragua. WPF sought to change U.S. policies toward

  • Witness for the Prosecution (film by Wilder [1957])

    Witness for the Prosecution, American courtroom-drama film, released in 1957, that was based on a short story and play by English writer Agatha Christie. The film, set in London, centres on Leonard Vole (played by Tyrone Power), who is accused of having murdered a wealthy widow. Though his attorney

  • witnessed will (law)

    inheritance: Formalities of wills: Under the system of the witnessed will, which prevails throughout the United States and in all common-law parts of the British Commonwealth, the instrument, which may be typed or printed or written by anyone, must be subscribed by the testator, and his signature must be attested to by two (in…

  • witnesses, credibility of (law)

    evidence: Examination and cross-examination: …option, finally, to reestablish the credibility of his witness by reexamination. These interrogations are formally regulated and require a great deal of skill and experience on the part of the attorneys. Such formal questioning of the witness is unknown to the continental European rules of procedure, even though cross-examination is…

  • Witos, Wincenty (Polish statesman)

    Wincenty Witos, Polish statesman and leader of the Peasant Party, who was three times prime minister of Poland (1920–21, 1923, 1926). Witos sat during 1908–14 in the Galician Sejm (Diet) of Austria-Poland and in 1911–18 in the Austrian Reichsrat (lower house of parliament). After World War I he was

  • Witoto (people)

    Witoto, South American Indians of southeastern Colombia and northern Peru, belonging to an isolated language group. There were more than 31 Witotoan tribes in an aboriginal population of several thousand. Exploitation, disease, and assimilation had reduced the Witoto to fewer than 1,000 i

  • Witsieshoek (South Africa)

    Phuthaditjhaba, town, northeastern Free State province, South Africa. It was the capital of the territory formerly designated by South Africa as the nonindependent Bantustan of Qwaqwa. Phuthaditjhaba lies near the merger point of the Free State–Lesotho borders. The inhabitants of the town are

  • Witsieshoek (region, South Africa)

    Qwaqwa, former nonindependent Bantustan, Orange Free State, South Africa, designated for the southern Sotho (often called Basuto) people. Located in a section of the Drakensberg, Qwaqwa was a glen among mountains at elevations from 5,500 feet to more than 10,000 feet (1,675 m to more than 3,050 m).

  • Witsuwit’en (language)

    Athabaskan language family: The Witsuwit’en (spoken in British Columbia) words kw’?sd?de ‘chair’ and h?da ‘moose’ were borrowed from the Carrier kw’?ts’?zda and the Sekani x?da, respectively. Gitksan, a Tsimshianic language spoken to the west, contributed xwts’a:n or pts’a:n (‘totem pole’), which became ts’an in Witsuwit’en. The Witsuwit’en l?mes ‘mass’…

  • Witt, Gustav (Danish astronomer)

    Eros: …13, 1898, by German astronomer Gustav Witt at the Urania Observatory in Berlin. It is named for the god of love in Greek mythology.

  • Witt, Katarina (German figure skater)

    Katarina Witt, German figure skater who was the first woman to win consecutive Olympic gold medals (1984 and 1988) in singles figure skating since Sonja Henie in 1936. The charismatic Witt defined the sport in the 1980s with her flirtatious and graceful performances. She won four world titles

  • Witt, Otto Nikolaus (German chemist)

    dye: Dye structure and colour: In 1876 German chemist Otto Witt proposed that dyes contained conjugated systems of benzene rings bearing simple unsaturated groups (e.g., ―NO2, ―N=N―, ―C=O), which he called chromophores, and polar groups (e.g., ―NH 2, ―OH), which he named auxochromes. These ideas remain valid, although they have been broadened by

  • Witte, De (work by Claes)

    Ernest Claes: …mark with De Witte (1920; Whitey), a regional novel about a playful, prankish youngster. The partly autobiographical tale was made into a film in 1934 and again in 1980.

  • Witte, Emanuel de (Dutch painter)

    Emanuel de Witte, Dutch painter whose scenes of church interiors represent the last phase of architectural painting in the Netherlands. His artistic career began in Delft, where he concentrated on historical subjects and portraits. About mid-century he seems to have developed an interest in

  • Witte, Erich (German psychologist)

    K?hler effect: Discovery: …article by the German psychologist Erich Witte rekindled research interest. K?hler’s motivation-gain effect was then replicated repeatedly, not only for physical-persistence tasks but also for simple computations and tasks involving visual attention.

  • Witte, Hans de (German financial agent)

    Albrecht von Wallenstein: Rise to power: …charges upon the imperial treasury: Hans de Witte, Wallenstein’s financial agent, was to advance the ready cash for equipment and pay to be reimbursed by taxes and tributes from the conquered districts. On this basis, Wallenstein was on April 7, 1625, appointed capo of all imperial forces in the Holy…

  • Witte, Sergey Yulyevich, Graf (prime minister of Russia)

    Sergey Yulyevich, Count Witte, Russian minister of finance (1892–1903) and first constitutional prime minister of the Russian Empire (1905–06), who sought to wed firm authoritarian rule to modernization along Western lines. Witte’s father, of Dutch ancestry, directed the agricultural department in

  • Witteberg Series (geology)

    Witteberg series, uppermost member of the Cape System of sedimentary rocks in South Africa. It consists of about 805 metres (2,640 feet) of shales and sandstones and is transitional between the Late Devonian epoch and the Early Carboniferous epoch (the Carboniferous began about 360,000,000 years

  • Wittelsbach, House of (German history)

    House of Wittelsbach, German noble family that provided rulers of Bavaria and of the Rhenish Palatinate until the 20th century. The name was taken from the castle of Wittelsbach, which formerly stood near Aichach on the Paar in Bavaria. In 1124, Otto V, count of Scheyern (died 1155), removed the

  • Wittelsbach, Otto von (king of Greece)

    Otto, first king of the modern Greek state (1832–62), who governed his country autocratically until he was forced to become a constitutional monarch in 1843. Attempting to increase Greek territory at the expense of Turkey, he failed and was overthrown. The second son of King Louis I of Bavaria,

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