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  • World Expo ’70 (world’s fair, ōsaka, Japan)

    graphic design: Postwar graphic design in Japan: …proposal (1967) for the Japanese World Expo ’70 in ōsaka, for example, displays his ability to combine 20th-century Modernist formal experiments with a traditional Japanese sense of harmony.

  • World Exposition 2010 Shanghai China (world’s fair, Shanghai, China)

    Expo Shanghai 2010, world exposition in Shanghai, China, that ran between May 1 and October 31, 2010. One of the largest world fairs or expositions ever mounted, it also was the most heavily attended of any such events. Shanghai was selected as the host city of the exposition in December 2002 by

  • World Fair Trade Organization (trade organization)

    fair trade: History: …Alternative Trade (IFAT; later renamed World Fair Trade Organization) was born, bringing together 38 fair trade organizations under one roof. One year later, in 1990, the European Fair Trade Association (EFTA) was formally established by 11 fair trade import organizations in nine European countries. In 1998 the FLO, IFAT, NEWS…

  • world fashion (fashion industry)

    fashion industry: World fashion: Most people in the world today wear what can be described as “world fashion,” a simplified and very low-cost version of Western clothing, often a T-shirt with pants or a skirt, manufactured on a mass scale. However, there are also numerous smaller and…

  • World Federation for Mental Health

    mental hygiene: As noted by the World Federation for Mental Health, the concept of optimum mental health refers not to an absolute or ideal state but to the best possible state insofar as circumstances are alterable. Mental health is regarded as a condition of the individual, relative to the capacities and…

  • World Federation of Friends of Museums (international museum organization)

    museum: Support organizations: …advice and assistance, and the World Federation of Friends of Museums was founded in 1975 to encourage worldwide cooperation among such societies.

  • World Federation of Trade Unions (international labour organization)

    World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), leftist-oriented international labour organization founded in 1945 by the World Trade Union Congress. Its principal organizers were the British Trades Union Congress, the U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations, and the All-Union Central Congress of Trade

  • World Food Council (UN)

    World Food Council (WFC), United Nations (UN) organization established by the General Assembly in December 1974 upon the recommendation of the World Food Conference. Headquartered in Rome, Italy, the WFC was designed as a coordinating body for national ministries of agriculture to help alleviate

  • World Food Prize (international agricultural award)

    Norman Ernest Borlaug: In 1986 Borlaug created the World Food Prize to honour individuals who have contributed to improving the availability and quality of food worldwide. In constant demand as a consultant, Borlaug served on numerous committees and advisory panels on agriculture, population control, and renewable resources. He also taught at Texas A&amp;M…

  • World Food Programme (UN)

    World Food Programme (WFP), organization established in 1961 by the United Nations (UN) to help alleviate world hunger. Its headquarters are in Rome, Italy. The WFP’s programs are aimed at helping the more than 15 percent of the world’s population that is hungry. Its Food-For-Life program aids

  • World for Julius, A (novel by Bryce Echenique)

    Alfredo Bryce Echenique: …Un mundo para Julius (1970; A World for Julius), was acclaimed by critics and the public alike and won the Premio Nacional de Literatura in 1972. Among his best-known novels were Tantas veces Pedro (1977; “So Many Times Pedro”), La vida exagerada de Martín Roma?a (1981; “The Exaggerated Life of…

  • World Games and the Quest for Olympic Status

    The seventh World Games, held in Duisburg, Ger., July 14–24, 2005, was an international event that drew some 500,000 spectators and featured a diverse palette of more than 30 sports in six categories: artistry and dance sports, precision sports, trend sports, martial arts, ball sports, and strength

  • world government

    government: Prospects in the 21st century: …suggested convincingly either how a world government could be set up without another world war or how, if such a government did somehow come peacefully into existence, it could be organized so as to be worthy of its name. Even effective global cooperation among national governments can be extremely difficult,…

  • world grief (Romantic literary concept)

    Weltschmerz, (German: “world grief”) the prevailing mood of melancholy and pessimism associated with the poets of the Romantic era that arose from their refusal or inability to adjust to those realities of the world that they saw as destructive of their right to subjectivity and personal freedom—a

  • world ground (philosophy)

    idealism: Types of philosophical idealism: …and whose theory of the world ground, in which all things find their unity, was widely accepted by theistic philosophers and Protestant theologians. For Lotze, the world ground is the transcendent synthesis of an evolutionary world process, which is both mechanical and teleological (purposive); it is an infinite spiritual being,…

  • World Health Assembly (UN)

    public health: International organizations: …under the direction of the World Health Assembly, which has representatives from the member states. The first assembly gave consideration to diseases and problems that exist in large areas of the world and that lend themselves to international action. Malaria, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted disease, the promotion of health, environmental conditions…

  • World Health Day

    World Health Organization: …establishment, April 7, 1948, as World Health Day.

  • World Health Organization (UN public health agency)

    World Health Organization (WHO), specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) established in 1948 to further international cooperation for improved public health conditions. Although it inherited specific tasks relating to epidemic control, quarantine measures, and drug standardization from the

  • World Heart Day

    World Heart Day, annual observance and celebration held on September 29 that is intended to increase public awareness of cardiovascular diseases, including their prevention and their global impact. In 1999 the World Heart Federation (WHF), in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO),

  • World Heart Federation (nongovernmental organization)

    World Heart Day: In 1999 the World Heart Federation (WHF), in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO), announced the establishment of World Heart Day. The idea for this annual event was conceived by Antoni Bayés de Luna, president of WHF from 1997–99. World Heart Day was originally (until 2011) observed…

  • World Heritage Convention (international conservation, 1972)

    World Heritage site: Origins of the World Heritage Convention: The primary impetus for the adoption of the World Heritage Convention was the construction of the Aswan High Dam. In 1959 the governments of the United Arab Republic (U.A.R.; now Egypt and Syria) and Sudan turned to UNESCO for help in salvaging…

  • World Heritage in Danger, List of (UNESCO)

    Everglades National Park: …the park was on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger from 1993 to 2007. In 2010 it was again added to the list, because of concerns about decreases in water flowing into the Everglades and increases in pollution levels there.

  • World Heritage site (UNESCO)

    World Heritage site, any of various areas or objects inscribed on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage List. The sites are designated as having “outstanding universal value” under the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural

  • world history (historiography)

    historiography: World history: World history is the most recent historical specialty, yet one with roots in remote antiquity. The great world religions that originated in the Middle East—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—insisted on the unity of humanity, a theme encapsulated in the story of Adam and Eve. Buddhism…

  • World Hockey Association (sports league)

    ice hockey: The National Hockey League: A new 12-team league, the World Hockey Association (WHA), was formed in 1972, and the ensuing rivalry caused an escalation in players’ salaries. In 1979 the NHL, which had grown to 17 teams, merged with the WHA to become a 21-team league; by 2017, 31 teams played in the NHL.…

  • World in Motion (song by Joy Division)

    Joy Division/New Order: …called acid house, and “World in Motion,” the official national theme for the 1990 World Cup, gave them their first U.K. number one hit. “Regret,” released in 1993, was nearly as successful.

  • World Intellectual Property Organization

    World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), international organization designed to promote the worldwide protection of both industrial property (inventions, trademarks, and designs) and copyrighted materials (literary, musical, photographic, and other artistic works). The organization,

  • World is Beautiful, The (work by Renger-Patzsch)

    Albert Renger-Patzsch: In his book Die Welt ist sch?n (1928; “The World Is Beautiful”), he showed images from both nature and industry, all treated in his clear, transparent style. Such images were closely related to the paintings of the Neue Sachlichkeit movement of painters, who created detached and literal renderings…

  • World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century, The (work by Friedman)

    Thomas L. Friedman: His next book, The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century (2005), which documents and analyzes the history of globalization, was met with both commercial success and critical acclaim. Beginning in 2003, Friedman commented extensively on the Iraq War. Although he originally supported the U.S.-led…

  • World Is Full of Married Men, The (novel by Collins)

    Jackie Collins: The resulting romp, The World Is Full of Married Men (1968; film 1979), became a succès de scandale as a result of its frank depictions of extramarital sex. It was banned in Australia and South Africa.

  • World Is My Home, The (memoir by Michener)

    James Michener: …as was his 1992 memoir, The World Is My Home. His last completed book was A Century of Sonnets (1997).

  • World Is Too Much with Us, The (sonnet by Wordsworth)

    The World Is Too Much with Us, sonnet by William Wordsworth, published in 1807 in Poems, in Two Volumes. True to the tenets of English Romanticism, the poem decries the narrowness of modern daily life, especially its disconnection from and ignorance of the beauty of nature: The poet concludes with

  • World Jewish Congress (international organization)

    World Jewish Congress (WJC), international organization of Jewish communities, Jewish organizations, and individuals founded in Geneva in 1936. The WJC works to strengthen the bonds between Jews and to protect their rights and safety. It also works with governments and other authorities on matters

  • World Jewish Restitution Organization (international organization)

    World Jewish Congress: …the group also cofounded the World Jewish Restitution Organization, which is dedicated to restoring Jewish property that was seized during World War II. The WJC is a strong political supporter of Israel.

  • World League for Sexual Reform (international organization)

    Magnus Hirschfeld: In 1928 Hirschfeld founded the World League for Sexual Reform (WLSR), which had its roots in an early conference that he had organized in 1921, the First International Conference for Sexual Reform on a Scientific Basis. The WSLR called for reform of sex legislations, the right to contraception and sex…

  • World League of American Football (sports)

    gridiron football: Showmanship on the field: …League of American Football (later NFL Europe; disbanded in 2007). The African American athletes who increasingly dominated football also brought a new style to the game. The beginnings of end zone dances in the 1970s escalated into highly choreographed routines, followed by other attention-grabbing gestures by defensive as well as…

  • World Light (novel by Laxness)

    Halldór Laxness: …economic independence; and Heimsljós (1937–40; World Light), a four-volume novel about the struggles of a peasant poet. These novels criticized Icelandic society from a socialist viewpoint, and they attracted a great deal of controversy. Although he had initially rejected the literary tradition of his native country, Laxness later embraced the…

  • world line (mathematics)

    relativity: Curved space-time and geometric gravitation: …the shortest natural paths, or geodesics—much as the shortest path between any two points on Earth is not a straight line, which cannot be constructed on that curved surface, but the arc of a great circle route. In Einstein’s theory, space-time geodesics define the deflection of light and the orbits…

  • World Maccabi Union (international Jewish sports organization)

    Maccabiah Games: …from 1932, sponsored by the World Maccabi Union, an international Jewish sports organization founded in 1921. Events held are such Olympic events as athletics (track and field), swimming, water polo, fencing, boxing, wrestling, football (soccer), basketball, tennis, table tennis, and volleyball and such non-Olympic events as karate.

  • World Malaria Day (international observance)

    World Malaria Day, annual observance held on April 25 to raise awareness of the global effort to control and ultimately eradicate malaria. World Malaria Day, which was first held in 2008, developed from Africa Malaria Day, an event that had been observed since 2001 by African governments. The

  • world map (cartography)

    map: Greek maps and geography: …an orientation line on the world map, running east and west through Gibraltar and Rhodes. Eratosthenes, Marinus of Tyre, and Ptolemy successively developed the reference-line principle until a reasonably comprehensive system of parallels and meridians, as well as methods of projecting them, had been achieved.

  • World Medical Association (international organization)

    medical association: …largest such organization is the World Medical Association, which has more than 60 member associations. It was founded in 1947.

  • World Meteorological Congress

    World Meteorological Organization: The World Meteorological Congress, which consists of representatives of all 185 members, meets at least every four years to set general policy and adopt regulations. A 36-member Executive Council meets annually and implements policy. The Secretariat, headed by a secretary-general appointed by the congress for a…

  • World Meteorological Convention

    World Meteorological Organization: …WMO was created by the World Meteorological Convention, which was adopted at the 12th director’s conference of the IMO in 1947. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the WMO began operations in 1951.

  • World Meteorological Organization

    World Meteorological Organization (WMO), specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) created to promote the establishment of a worldwide meteorological observation system, the application of meteorology to other fields, and the development of national meteorological services in less-developed

  • World Methodist Council

    World Methodist Council (WMC), cooperative organization of Methodist churches that provides a means for consultation and cooperation on an international level. It maintains various committees that are concerned with doctrine, evangelism, education, lay activities, youth, publications, and social

  • World Mind Games (games)

    bridge: Bridge tournaments: …the World Mind Games, or Intellympiad, to be held in the Olympic city directly after a Winter or Summer Games.

  • World Mission, Council for (British religious organization)

    Council for World Mission, English mission organization, formed in 1966 by the merger of the Commonwealth Missionary Society and the London Missionary Society. The Commonwealth Missionary Society (originally the Colonial Missionary Society) was organized in 1836 to promote Congregationalism in the

  • World Missionary Conference

    Christianity: Missionary associations: …and unity reflected in the World Missionary Conference (WMC) held in Edinburgh in 1910. First, missionary “field” conferences affirmed comity (separation of spheres of work), cooperation in Bible translation and missionary councils, and shared sponsorship in major enterprises such as hospitals and colleges. A second stream involved missionary conferences in…

  • world model (astrophysics)

    cosmology: Einstein’s model: To derive his 1917 cosmological model, Einstein made three assumptions that lay outside the scope of his equations. The first was to suppose that the universe is homogeneous and isotropic in the large (i.e., the same everywhere on average at any instant in time), an assumption that the English…

  • world music

    World music, broadly speaking, music of the world’s cultures. In the 1980s the term was adopted to characterize non-English recordings that were released in Great Britain and the United States. Employed primarily by the media and record stores, this controversial category amalgamated the music of

  • World Network Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO)

    Everglades National Park: …Dry Tortugas National Park) a Biosphere Reserve in 1976 and a World Heritage site in 1979. The park’s area has been expanded several times, most recently in 1989. It encompasses 2,357 square miles (6,105 square km), including most of Florida Bay, and preserves a unique blend of temperate and tropical…

  • World News (American television program)

    Diane Sawyer: …serve as anchor of ABC’s World News, a post she held until August 2014, when she stepped down.

  • World News Tonight (American television program)

    Diane Sawyer: …serve as anchor of ABC’s World News, a post she held until August 2014, when she stepped down.

  • world ocean (Earth feature)

    Ocean, continuous body of salt water that is contained in enormous basins on Earth’s surface. When viewed from space, the predominance of Earth’s oceans is readily apparent. The oceans and their marginal seas cover nearly 71 percent of Earth’s surface, with an average depth of 3,688 metres (12,100

  • World Ocean Network (international organization)

    World Oceans Day: …2002 two conservation organizations, the World Ocean Network and The Ocean Project, first celebrated the day along with their network of zoos, aquariums, and environmental groups around the world. After a petitioning drive guided in large part by those two organizations, the General Assembly of the United Nations formally designated…

  • World Oceans Day

    World Oceans Day, annual celebration honouring the majesty of Earth’s oceans and the economic, aesthetic, and environmental services they provide. World Oceans Day is celebrated yearly on June 8 to raise awareness of the plight of the oceans and the marine ecosystems they contain. In 1992 in Rio de

  • World of Apu, The (film by Ray [1959])

    Satyajit Ray: …Unvanquished) and Apur Sansar (1959; The World of Apu). Pather Panchali and its sequels tell the story of Apu, the poor son of a Brahman priest, as he grows from childhood to manhood in a setting that shifts from a small village to the city of Calcutta. Western influences impinge…

  • World of Henry Orient, The (film by Hill [1964])

    George Roy Hill: Film directing: In 1964 Hill directed The World of Henry Orient, which was adapted from a novel by Nora Johnson (who wrote the screenplay with her husband, Nunnally). The charming and original comedy centres on two teenage groupies who are obsessed with a pianist (played by Peter Sellers). It stands in…

  • World of Homer (work by Lang)

    Andrew Lang: …of Homeric literature, and his World of Homer (1910) is an important study.

  • World of Mathematics, The (historical survey by Newman)

    James Roy Newman: …four-volume historical survey of mathematics, The World of Mathematics (1956).

  • World of Music, Arts and Dance (international foundation)

    WOMAD, international music and arts foundation known primarily for its festivals, held in multiple locations across the globe each year. WOMAD was conceived in 1980 by a group of individuals—most notably Peter Gabriel (former leader of the British rock band Genesis)—who shared a love of the world’s

  • World of Our Fathers (work by Howe)

    Irving Howe: His World of Our Fathers (1976) is a sociocultural study of eastern European Jews who emigrated to the United States between 1880 and 1924. Celebrations and Attacks (1979) is a collection of his critical articles, and A Margin of Hope: An Intellectual Autobiography (1982) deals with…

  • World of Suzie Wong, The (film by Quine [1960])

    Richard Quine: In the romance The World of Suzie Wong (1960), William Holden was cast as an aspiring artist anguishing over a prostitute (played by Nancy Kwan). The Notorious Landlady (1962), which Quine wrote with Larry Gelbart, was a black comedy starring Novak and Lemmon, and Paris When It Sizzles…

  • World of the Ten Thousand Things: Selected poems, 1980–1990, The (poetry by Wright)

    Charles Wright: The World of the Ten Thousand Things: Selected Poems, 1980–1990 (1990) demonstrates Wright’s experiments with autobiography and his reflections on the literature and history of numerous cultures.

  • World of Warcraft (online role-playing game)

    World of Warcraft (WoW), massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) created by the American company Blizzard Entertainment and released on November 14, 2004. Massively multiplayer refers to games in which thousands, even millions, of players may participate online together, typically

  • World of Wonders (novel by Davies)

    World of Wonders, third of a series of novels by Robertson Davies known collectively as The Deptford

  • World on the Wane, A (work by Lévi-Strauss)

    Claude Lévi-Strauss: …recognition with Tristes tropiques (1955; A World on the Wane), a literary intellectual autobiography. Other publications include Anthropologie structurale (rev. ed., 1961; Structural Anthropology), La Pensée sauvage (1962; The Savage Mind), and Le Totémisme aujourd’hui (1962; Totemism). His massive Mythologiques appeared in four volumes: Le Cru et le cuit (1964;…

  • world opinion (public opinion)

    public opinion: World opinion: The increasing importance of global telecommunication, trade, and transportation have contributed to interest in a new concept of world public opinion, or “world opinion.” The idea began to receive serious academic consideration near the end of the 20th century, as scholars noticed certain…

  • world order thinking (international relations)

    international relations: Scholarship and policy: …has been manifest in “world order thinking,” which is usually traced to the approach to international relations espoused by President Wilson and set forth in his Fourteen Points for the post-World War I era. Proponents of world order thinking place major, if not primary, emphasis on building international organizations,…

  • World Organization of the Scout Movement (international organization)

    Boy Scouts: The World Organization of the Scout Movement, established in 1920 and now based in Geneva, promotes scouting worldwide. It maintains regional offices in Belgium, Egypt, the Philippines, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Chile, and Ukraine.

  • World Plan Executive Council (religious organization)

    Transcendental Meditation: …became the foundation for the World Plan Executive Council, the international organization that guided the spread of Transcendental Meditation worldwide. Each of the council’s divisions attempted to introduce meditation into a particular area of human life. In the mid-1970s the council introduced the siddha (“miraculous powers”) program, an advanced course…

  • world point (physics)

    space-time: …as a “here-now” or a world point. In every inertial reference frame, all physical laws remain unchanged.

  • World Presbyterian Alliance (religious organization)

    World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC), cooperative international organization of Congregational, United, and Presbyterian and Reformed churches. Originally known as the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (Presbyterian and Congregational), the group was formed in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1970 by

  • World Professional Association for Transgender Health

    World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH), interdisciplinary professional association founded in 1978 to improve understandings of gender identities and to standardize treatment of transsexual, transgender, and gender-nonconforming people. WPATH was formed by Doctor Harry

  • World Professional Basketball Tournament (American basketball tournament [1939–1948])

    New York Rens: The world’s best team: …Harry Wilson mounted the inaugural World Professional Basketball Tournament, sponsored by the Chicago Herald-American, in which the best professional teams—chosen without racial restrictions—would compete. The winning team would receive $1,000 and the title of the world’s best team. Two black teams were invited to compete: the Rens and their rivals…

  • World Professional Marathon Swimming Federation

    swimming: Distance swimming: …amateur and professional swimmers, the World Professional Marathon Swimming Federation was founded. Throughout the 1960s the latter group sanctioned about eight professional marathons annually, the countries most frequently involved being Canada, Egypt, Italy, Argentina, and the United States. The British Long Distance Swimming Association has sponsored races on inland waters…

  • World Rally Championship (auto racing)

    Sébastien Loeb: …having won a record nine World Rally Championship (WRC) titles (2004–12).

  • World Renewal cycle (North American Indian practice)

    Yurok: …ceremonies were those of the World Renewal cycle, which ensured an abundance of food, riches, and general well-being. This cycle included the recitation of magical formulas, repeating the words of an ancient spirit race, and other acts. The spiritual power to cure disease was granted only to women, giving these…

  • World Resources Institute (research institute)

    World Resources Institute (WRI), research institute established in 1982 to promote environmentally sound and socially equitable development. It is headquartered in Washington, D.C. The World Resources Institute conducts extensive scientific research and analysis on global environmental and economic

  • World Series (baseball championship)

    World Series, in baseball, a postseason play-off series between champions of the two major professional baseball leagues of North America: the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), which together constitute Major League Baseball. The World Series began in 1903 after the cessation of

  • World Series 2009 (baseball championship)

    New York Yankees: In 2009 the Yankees returned to the World Series for the first time in six years, under Joe Girardi, who had become the Yankees’ manager in 2008. In six games the Yankees dethroned the Philadelphia Phillies, en route to winning their 27th World Series title. The…

  • World Series Champions

    The World Series is Major League Baseball’s (MLB) postseason play-off series between the champions of its two leagues: the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). Since 1922 the World Series has followed a best-of-seven-games format. The table provides a list of World Series

  • World Series of Poker (card game)

    poker: The World Series of Poker: The popularity of poker at the turn of the 21st century was tied to several factors. It was at this time that poker tournaments began to be regularly televised, partly as a result of the development of the hole-card camera, a…

  • World Service (British company)

    British Broadcasting Corporation: BBC World Service radio broadcasts began in 1932 as the Empire Service. By the early 21st century the service broadcast in more than 40 languages to roughly 120 million people worldwide. World Service Television began broadcasting in 1991 and unveiled a 24-hour news channel, BBC News…

  • World Shop (business)

    fair trade: History: In 1969 the first World Shop opened its doors in the Dutch town of Breukelen, initially selling sugarcane and handicrafts imported by Fair Trade Original. In 1973 coffee was added to the fair trade product line, with the first imports coming from cooperatives in Guatemala. Over time a range…

  • World Squash Federation (international sports organization)

    squash rackets: History: The World Squash Federation (WSF) promotes the game and coordinates tours and championships between nations. The WSF membership has grown to over 115 nations, each of which also belongs to one of five regional squash federations.

  • World TB Day

    World TB Day, annual observance held on March 24 that is intended to increase global awareness of tuberculosis. This date coincides with German physician and bacteriologist Robert Koch’s announcement in 1882 of his discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacillus that causes the disease. The

  • World Team Tennis (sports organization)

    Billie Jean King: …of a group that founded World TeamTennis (WTT) in 1974. King served as the player-coach of the Philadelphia Freedoms, thus becoming one of the first women to coach professional male athletes. The WTT folded after 1978 because of financial losses, but King revived the competition in 1981. In that same…

  • World That We Knew, The (novel by Hoffman)

    Alice Hoffman: Hoffman’s later books included The World That We Knew (2019), which is set during World War II.

  • World Tomorrow, The (online talk show by Assange)

    Julian Assange: Early WikiLeaks activity and legal issues: …interviews that were collected as The World Tomorrow, a talk show that debuted online and on the state-funded Russian satellite news network RT in April 2012. Hosting the program from a makeshift broadcast studio, Assange began the series with an interview with Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah, Nasrallah’s first with a…

  • World Trade Center (film by Stone [2006])

    Oliver Stone: World Trade Center (2006), a retelling of the events of September 11, 2001, from the viewpoint of two police officers, returned Stone to the centre of public debate. While the film was critically acclaimed, some questioned the propriety of making the film so soon after…

  • World Trade Center (building complex, New York City, New York, United States)

    World Trade Center, complex of several buildings around a central plaza in New York City that in 2001 was the site of the deadliest terrorist attack in American history. (See September 11 attacks.) The complex—located at the southwestern tip of Manhattan, near the shore of the Hudson River and a

  • World Trade Center bombing of 1993 (terrorist attack, New York City, New York, United States)

    World Trade Center bombing of 1993, terrorist attack in New York City on February 26, 1993, in which a truck bomb exploded in a basement-level parking garage under the World Trade Center complex. Six people were killed and more than 1,000 were injured in what was at that time the deadliest act of

  • World Trade Organization (international trade)

    World Trade Organization (WTO), international organization established to supervise and liberalize world trade. The WTO is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was created in 1947 in the expectation that it would soon be replaced by a specialized agency of the

  • World Trade Organization Basic Telecommunications Services Agreement (1997)

    Tunisia: Transportation and telecommunications: Tunisia signed the World Trade Organization Basic Telecommunications Services Agreement of 1997, which opened the country’s market, and its telecommunications infrastructure has expanded markedly since that time. Internet access is widespread, and cellular telephones far outnumber standard phone lines. Local communications are largely conducted over microwave radio links,…

  • World Transhumanist Association (international organizaton)

    transhumanism: Characteristics of the movement: …philosopher David Pearce founded the World Transhumanist Association in 1998 as a nonprofit organization dedicated to working with those social institutions to promote and guide the development of human-enhancement technologies and to combat those social forces seemingly dedicated to halting such technological progress.

  • world tree (religion)

    World tree, centre of the world, a widespread motif in many myths and folktales among various preliterate peoples, especially in Asia, Australia, and North America, by which they understand the human and profane condition in relation to the divine and sacred realm. Two main forms are known and both

  • World Underwater Federation (international organization)

    underwater diving: …Mondiale des Activités Subaquatique (CMAS; World Underwater Federation).

  • World Union for Progressive Judaism (Reform Judaism)

    World Union for Progressive Judaism, in Judaism, an international federation of Reform congregations that seeks to coordinate old and newly established Reform groups in various parts of the world. Since its founding in London in 1926 it has grown considerably and now maintains headquarters in New

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