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  • yurta (shelter)

    Yurt, tentlike Central Asian nomad’s dwelling, erected on wooden poles and covered with skin, felt, or handwoven textiles in bright colours. The interior is simply furnished with brightly coloured rugs (red often predominating) decorated with geometric or stylized animal patterns. The knotted pile

  • Yuruá, Río (river, South America)

    Juruá River, river that rises in the highlands east of the Ucayali River in east-central Peru. It flows northward through Acre state, Brazil. Entering Amazonas state, Brazil, it meanders eastward and then east-northeastward, emptying into the stretch of the Amazon River known as the Solim?es River,

  • Yurugu (Sudanese religion)

    dualism: Among religions of modern indigenous peoples: …Sudanese) notions about Nommo and Yurugu, already mentioned. A series of words refers to both principles; i.e., a series of realities and categories can be named that constitute the world in its functional variety, which transcend the simple good-evil opposition, and according to which both Nommo and Yurugu are dualistic…

  • Yürük rug

    Yürük rug, floor covering handwoven by nomadic people in various parts of Anatolia. The Bal?kesir Yürük rugs of western Anatolia have diagonal patterns and a maze of latch-hook motifs carried out in brick red and dark blue with touches of ivory. They may be reminiscent of and sometimes confused

  • Yurungkax River (river, Asia)

    Hotan: …by the Karakax (Kalakashi) and Yurungkax (Yulongkashi) rivers, which flow from the high Kunlun Mountains to the south. They join in the north of the oasis to form the Hotan (Khotan) River, which discharges into the desert to the north. The rivers have their maximum flow during summer and are…

  • Yurupary (celebration)

    South American forest Indian: Social organization: The Yurupary celebration inducts the boys into the secret society of mature men. Special rites are revealed to them; they are shown the sacred trumpets or the masks representing ancestral spirits. They are subjected to violent whippings, which they must tolerate without the least expression of…

  • Yury (Russian prince)

    Russia: The post-Sarai period: … was challenged by his uncle Yury, prince of the important upper Volga commercial town of Galich. After many turns of fortune, Vasily II succeeded, with the help of Lithuanian and Tatar allies, in establishing his house permanently as the rulers of Muscovy.

  • Yury Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (training centre, Russia)

    Sergey Konstantinovich Krikalyov: …be the head of the Yury Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre in Star City, Russia.

  • Yury of Moscow (prince of Russia)

    Tver: Yury of Moscow, however, gained the support of ?z Beg (Uzbek), khan (1313–41) of the Golden Horde, and in 1317 replaced Michael as grand prince. Michael refused to accept his loss and defeated the military force sent by ?z Beg and Yury to dethrone him.…

  • Yuryev (Estonia)

    Tartu, old university city of southeastern Estonia, on the Ema River. The original settlement of Tarbatu dates from the 5th century; in 1030 the Russians built a fort there called Yuryev. From the 13th to the 16th century, the town was a prosperous member of the Hanseatic League. Then held in turn

  • Yūsaki Kiyotsugu (Japanese actor, playwright, and musician)

    Kan’ami, Japanese actor, playwright, and musician who was one of the founders of Noh drama. Kan’ami organized a theatre group in Obata to perform sarugaku (a form of popular drama that had apparently included tricks, acrobatics, and slapstick skits), which by his time had become plays with

  • Yuscarán (Honduras)

    Yuscarán, town, southeastern Honduras. It lies at the eastern foot of the Monta?a (ridge) de Monserrat near the Choluteca River, at an elevation of 3,379 feet (1,030 metres). Founded in the early 18th century, when gold and silver were discovered in the area, Yuscarán was a prosperous mining centre

  • Yushchenko, Viktor (president of Ukraine)

    Viktor Yushchenko, Ukrainian politician who served as president of Ukraine (2005–10). Yushchenko grew up in the Sumy region of northeastern Ukraine. He was educated at the Ternopil Finance and Economics Institute, where he graduated with a degree in economic sciences in 1975. Returning to Sumy, he

  • Yushchenko, Viktor Andriyovych (president of Ukraine)

    Viktor Yushchenko, Ukrainian politician who served as president of Ukraine (2005–10). Yushchenko grew up in the Sumy region of northeastern Ukraine. He was educated at the Ternopil Finance and Economics Institute, where he graduated with a degree in economic sciences in 1975. Returning to Sumy, he

  • Yushin constitution (South Korean constitution)

    South Korea: The Yushin order (Fourth Republic): In December 1971, shortly after his inauguration to a third presidential term, Park declared a state of national emergency, and 10 months later (October 1972) he suspended the constitution and dissolved the legislature. A new constitution, which would permit the reelection…

  • Yushitai (East Asian government)

    Censor, in traditional East Asia, governmental official charged primarily with the responsibility for scrutinizing and criticizing the conduct of officials and rulers. The office originated in China, where, under the Qin (221–206 bc) and Han (206 bc–ad 220) dynasties, the censor’s function was to

  • Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (prefecture, Qinghai province, China)

    Qinghai earthquake of 2010: …2010, in the isolated southern Yushu Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai province, China, on the northeastern portion of the Plateau of Tibet. Nearly 3,000 people were killed, and property damage was extensive.

  • Yūsof o-Zalīkhā (work by Jāmī)

    Ferdowsī: …upon his presumed authorship of Yūsof o-Zalīkhā, an epic poem on the subject of Joseph and Potiphar’s wife, which, it later became known, was composed more than 100 years after Ferdowsī’s death. According to the narrative of ?Arū?ī, Ferdowsī died inopportunely just as Sultan Ma?mūd had determined to make amends…

  • Yust, Walter (American editor)

    Walter Yust, American journalist and editor, editor in chief of all publications of the Encyclop?dia Britannica from 1938 to 1960—longer than any of his predecessors. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Yust began his journalism career with the Philadelphia Evening Ledger in 1917 and

  • Yūsuf (chapter of the Qur?ān)

    Arabic literature: Revelation, compilation, and structure: …unified wholes; for that reason, Yūsuf (the 12th sura, the Qur?ānic version of the Joseph narrative) has long been a favourite object of study by Western scholars. However, in the context of a history of Arabic literature, it is important to recognize that the Qur?ān’s oral origins and its modes…

  • Yusuf Ahmed, Abdullahi (president of Somalia)

    Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somali warlord and political leader (born Dec. 15, 1934, Barta, Puntland region, Somalia—died March 23, 2012, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.), was the autocratic president of Somalia’s semiautonomous region of Puntland (1998–2001; 2002–04) until Somalia’s parliament in exile elected him

  • Yūsuf Ash?ar Yath?ar (?imyarite king)

    Arabian religion: South Arabia: About ad 523 Yūsuf As?ar Yath?ar (nicknamed Dhū Nuwās by the Muslim tradition), a ?imyarite king of Jewish faith, persecuted and killed numerous monophysite Christians in Najrān on the northern frontier of Yemen. He also killed Byzantine merchants elsewhere in his kingdom. Outraged by the massacre and pressed…

  • Yūsuf As?ar Yath?ar (?imyarite king)

    Arabian religion: South Arabia: About ad 523 Yūsuf As?ar Yath?ar (nicknamed Dhū Nuwās by the Muslim tradition), a ?imyarite king of Jewish faith, persecuted and killed numerous monophysite Christians in Najrān on the northern frontier of Yemen. He also killed Byzantine merchants elsewhere in his kingdom. Outraged by the massacre and pressed…

  • Yūsuf Buluggīn I ibn Zīrī (Zīrid ruler)

    al-Mu?izz: …as surrogate his lieutenant general Yusuf ibn Ziri. (The original North African dominion became a province called Al-Maghrib, “the West.”)

  • Yūsuf I (Na?rid ruler)

    Islamic arts: Western Islamic art: Moorish: …14th century two successive princes, Yūsuf I and Mu?ammad V, transformed the hill into their official residence. Outside of a number of gates built like triumphal arches and several ruined forecourts, only three parts of the palace remain intact. First there is the long Court of the Myrtles, leading to…

  • Yūsuf ibn Tāshfīn (Almoravid ruler)

    Yūsuf ibn Tāshufīn, Almoravid ruler who, during his reign from 1061 to 1106, expanded Almoravid land holdings from a small, insecurely held area in the Maghrib into a huge empire that included major portions of present-day Morocco and Algeria, Muslim Spain as far north as Fraga, and the islands of

  • Yūsuf ibn Tāshufīn (Almoravid ruler)

    Yūsuf ibn Tāshufīn, Almoravid ruler who, during his reign from 1061 to 1106, expanded Almoravid land holdings from a small, insecurely held area in the Maghrib into a huge empire that included major portions of present-day Morocco and Algeria, Muslim Spain as far north as Fraga, and the islands of

  • Yusuf ibn Ziri (Zīrid ruler)

    al-Mu?izz: …as surrogate his lieutenant general Yusuf ibn Ziri. (The original North African dominion became a province called Al-Maghrib, “the West.”)

  • Yūsuf Sayfā (Lebanese Druze leader)

    Fakhr ad-Dīn II: …Fakhr ad-Dīn and then with Yūsuf Sayfā. Finally, with the defeat of Yūsuf Sayfā (1607), the Ottomans recognized Fakhr ad-Dīn’s authority.

  • Yūsuf ?ādil Khān (king of Bijāpur)

    Vijayapura: In 1489—with the advent of Yūsuf ?ādil Shah, the first ?ādil Shāhī sultan—its dominions grew to include Goa, where a navy was maintained. Although it was defeated in 1686 by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the ?ādil Shāhī dynasty left a legacy of outstanding Islamic buildings, aesthetically the most satisfactory of…

  • Yusuf ?ādil Shāh (king of Bijāpur)

    Vijayapura: In 1489—with the advent of Yūsuf ?ādil Shah, the first ?ādil Shāhī sultan—its dominions grew to include Goa, where a navy was maintained. Although it was defeated in 1686 by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the ?ādil Shāhī dynasty left a legacy of outstanding Islamic buildings, aesthetically the most satisfactory of…

  • Yusuf, Mohammed (Nigerian religious leader)

    Nigeria: Rise of Boko Haram: Shortly thereafter, the group’s leader, Muhammed Yusuf, was captured and killed while in police custody, as were several of his followers. After a hiatus, the group resurfaced under the leadership of Yusuf’s deputy, Abubakar Shekau, and unleashed a campaign of violence in 2010 that continued in the following years.

  • Yusuf, Muhammed (Nigerian religious leader)

    Nigeria: Rise of Boko Haram: Shortly thereafter, the group’s leader, Muhammed Yusuf, was captured and killed while in police custody, as were several of his followers. After a hiatus, the group resurfaced under the leadership of Yusuf’s deputy, Abubakar Shekau, and unleashed a campaign of violence in 2010 that continued in the following years.

  • Yūsufī, ?Abd al-Ra?mān (prime minister of Morocco)

    Morocco: Hassan’s last years: …house, and in March 1998 Abderrahmane Youssoufi (?Abd al-Ra?mān Yūsufī), a leader of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces, was appointed as prime minister. Under pressure from human rights organizations, Hassan also directed a vigorous cleanup campaign that led to the ousting and even execution of corrupt officials as well…

  • Yusupov, Feliks (prince of Russia)

    Grigori Rasputin: …of extreme conservatives, including Prince Feliks Yusupov (husband of the tsar’s niece), Vladimir Mitrofanovich Purishkevich (a member of the Duma), and Grand Duke Dmitry Pavlovich (the tsar’s cousin), formed a conspiracy to eliminate Rasputin and save the monarchy from further scandal. On the night of December 29–30 (December 16–17, Old…

  • Yutaka Fujima (Japanese actor)

    Onoe Shōroku II, Japanese kabuki actor, one of the foremost interpreters of the classical kabuki plays, who specialized in female roles (all kabuki players are male). Yutaka Fujima made his debut at the age of five as Ushiwakamaru at the Teikoku Theatre in the kabuki drama Shusse Kagekiyo, about t

  • Yutdoi jungsi (film by Wong Kar-Wai [2013])

    Wong Kar-Wai: …genre with Yutdoi jungsi (2013; The Grandmaster), a biography of martial artist Yip Man (Leung), who was best known as the trainer of Bruce Lee. Wong wrote the screenplay for and produced the romantic comedy Bai du ren (2016; “See You Tomorrow”). It was directed by Zhang Jiajia, who wrote…

  • Yuting (Chinese warlord)

    Zhang Zuolin, Chinese soldier and later a warlord who dominated Manchuria (now Northeast China) and parts of North China between 1913 and 1928. He maintained his power with the tacit support of the Japanese; in return he granted them concessions in Manchuria. Born into a peasant family, Zhang

  • Yutori no Kūkan (Japanese company)

    Kurihara Harumi: …media and home furnishing corporation Yutori no Kūkan (“A Place to Relax”).

  • Yutu (lunar rover)

    Chang'e: …carried a 120-kg rover, called Yutu after the rabbit that accompanied the goddess Chang’e to the Moon. The lander touched down in Mare Imbrium in the Moon’s northern hemisphere on December 14. China thus became the first country to land a probe on the Moon after the Soviet Union and…

  • Yuulngu (language group)

    Australian Aboriginal languages: Classification and distribution: The Yuulngu group is a separate Pama-Nyungan enclave, isolated from the main block by intervening non-Pama-Nyungan languages, as indicated on the map. In classifications published between 1950 and 1975, Pama-Nyungan was identified as a genetic subfamily; but the remaining languages were divided into some 25 to…

  • Yuva (film by Ratnam [2004])

    Mani Ratnam: Yuva (2004) saw Ratnam return to Hindi-language cinema after six years. Ratnam also simultaneously made a Tamil-language version of Yuva, Ayitha Ezhuthu, with a different cast. His next film, the Tamil-language Guru (2007), was set in the 1950s and was based on the rise to…

  • yuvaraja (Sri Lankan political history)

    Sri Lanka: Government and society: The yuvaraja, the king’s chosen heir to the throne, was given responsible office. The army was the major prop of royal absolutism, and the senapati, or commander in chief, was the king’s closest counselor and confidant.

  • Yuwen Huaji (Chinese general)

    China: Early Tang (618–626): …Dou Jiande in Hebei, and Yuwen Huaji, who had assassinated the previous Sui emperor Yangdi and now led the remnants of the Sui’s southern armies. Wang Shichong set up a grandson of Yangdi at Luoyang as the new Sui emperor. Yuwen Huaji led his armies to attack Luoyang, and Wang…

  • Yuwen Kai (Chinese architect)

    Sui dynasty: …was dominated by the great Yuwen Kai, who in nine months designed a vast capital city at Daxing that was six times the size of present-day Xi’an at the same site. Its palace had a rotating pavilion accommodating 200 guests. Painters came from throughout the country seeking patronage at the…

  • Yuxiang Binhong (Chinese painter)

    Huang Binhong, painter and art theorist who, faced with the challenge of a new society in 20th-century China, incorporated fresh ideas into traditional Chinese painting. Huang’s father was a merchant and art enthusiast who encouraged his son’s interest in painting. In 1888 his business collapsed

  • Yuyao (China)

    Chinese pottery: The Han dynasty (206 bce–220 ce): …first made at Yuezhou (present Yuyao), Zhejiang province, during the Han dynasty, although all surviving specimens are later, most belonging to the Six Dynasties (220–589 ce). They have a stoneware body and an olive or brownish green glaze and belong to the family of celadons, a term that looms large…

  • Yuyuan Garden (garden, Shanghai, China)

    Shanghai: Cultural life: …Chinese city houses the 16th-century Yuyuan Garden (Garden of the Mandarin Yu), an outstanding example of late Ming garden architecture, and the Temple of Confucius. Other points of attraction are the Longhua Pagoda of the Bei (Northern) Song dynasty, the Industrial Exhibition Hall, and the tomb and former residence of…

  • Yuzaki troupe (nō theatre)

    Kanze school: ), who founded the Yūzaki-za (Yūzaki troupe), the precursor of the Kanze school. The second master, Zeami Motokiyo, completed the basic form of the art under the protection of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.

  • Yuzaki-za (nō theatre)

    Kanze school: ), who founded the Yūzaki-za (Yūzaki troupe), the precursor of the Kanze school. The second master, Zeami Motokiyo, completed the basic form of the art under the protection of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.

  • yūzen-zome (dyeing process)

    Miyazaki Yūzen: …name to the process (yūzen-zome) by which elaborate designs and pictures were drawn on silk with a rice-paste coating. Later, yūzen came to denote the cloth produced in this way and also the kind of designs (yūzen-moyō) created by Miyazaki Yūzen. The rich, colourful yūzen cloth, a product of…

  • Yuzhnaya Osetiya (region, Georgia)

    South Ossetia, autonomous republic in Georgia that declared independence in 2008. Only a few countries—most notably Russia, which maintains a military presence in South Ossetia—recognize its independence. South Ossetia occupies the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains. The region is

  • Yuzhno Chu (ridge, Altai Mountains)

    Altai Mountains: Geology: …North (Severo) Chu, and the South (Yuzhno) Chu—tower more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) in elevation, running latitudinally in the central and eastern portions of the sector of the system within the Altay republic. The Tabyn-Bogdo-Ola (Mongolian: Tavan Bogd Uul), the M?nh Hayrhan Uul, and other western ridges of the…

  • Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (Russia)

    Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, city and administrative centre of Sakhalin oblast (region), far eastern Russia. It lies in the south of Sakhalin Island on the Susuya River, 26 miles (42 km) north of the port of Korsakov. Originally the Japanese settlement of Toyohara, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk passed to the Soviet

  • Yuzhny Bug (river, Ukraine)

    Southern Buh, river, southwestern and south-central Ukraine. The Southern Buh is 492 miles (792 km) long and drains a basin of 24,610 square miles (63,740 square km). It rises in the Volyn-Podilsk Upland and flows east and southeast, first through a narrow valley with rapids and then across rolling

  • Yuzhny Island (island, Russia)

    Novaya Zemlya: …large islands, Severny (northern) and Yuzhny (southern), aligned for 600 miles (1,000 km) in a southwest-northeast direction, plus several smaller islands. The two major islands are separated by a narrow strait, Matochkin Shar, only about 1 to 1.5 miles (1.6 to 2.4 km) wide. The most southerly point, the island…

  • Yuzhong (district, Chongqing, China)

    Chongqing: Suburban and outlying districts: …the Old City was renamed Yuzhong district; Yuzhong continues to function as the political, economic, and commercial hub of the municipality, focused on the district’s main business centre, located around the Liberation Monument (Jiefangbei) in the centre of the Old City.

  • Yuzhuan yizong jinjian (Chinese medical text)

    history of medicine: China: …about 300 ce, and the Yuzhuan yizong jinjian (“Imperially Commissioned Golden Mirror of the Orthodox Lineage of Medicine,” also known in English as the Golden Mirror), a compilation made in 1742 of medical writings of the Han dynasty (202 bce–220 ce). European medicine began to obtain a footing in China…

  • Yuzi (Chinese mythology)

    Lei Gong: …Youth”) whips up clouds, and Yuzi (“Rain Master”) causes downpours by dipping his sword into a pot. Roaring winds rush forth from a type of goatskin bag manipulated by Feng Bo (“Earl of Wind”), who was later replaced by Feng Popo (“Madame Wind”). She rides a tiger among the clouds.

  • Yuzivka (Ukraine)

    Donetsk, city, southeastern Ukraine, on the headwaters of the Kalmius River. In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes (from whom the town’s pre-Revolutionary name Yuzivka was derived), to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Later steel rails were made.

  • Yūzonsha (Japanese organization)

    ōkawa Shūmei: …the influential nationalistic Yūzonsha (Society for the Preservation of the National Essence) in 1919. Through its magazine, Otakebi (“War Cry”), the Yūzonsha advocated the return of Japan to the simpler military values of its feudal past as well as the institution of a national socialist government. Yūzonsha gained a…

  • Yuzovka (Ukraine)

    Donetsk, city, southeastern Ukraine, on the headwaters of the Kalmius River. In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes (from whom the town’s pre-Revolutionary name Yuzivka was derived), to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Later steel rails were made.

  • Yūzū Nembutsu (Buddhist sect)

    Yūzū Nembutsu, Japanese Buddhist sect that stresses the permeating effect (yūzū) of nembutsu, the invocation of the name of the Buddha Amida (Amitabha). Thus, the belief was that not only the person who chants the name but all humanity benefits from the practice of nembutsu. The sect was founded in

  • Yuzuru (opera by Ikuma Dan)

    Japanese music: Composers in Western styles: …by the work Yuzuru (1952; Twilight Crane) by Ikuma Dan. The plot is a Japanese folktale, and, although the musical style is a mixture of the music of Maurice Ravel and the late works of Giacomo Puccini, one finds as well deliberate uses of folk songs and idioms. Shimizu Osamu…

  • Yu?fur, Banū (Arabian nobility)

    history of Arabia: Yemen: The Banū Ya?fur, lords north of Sanaa, expelled the Ziyādid governor and ruled independently from 861 to 997. Najā?id rule ended when ?Alī ibn Mahdī captured Zabīd in 1159.

  • Yvain (work by Chrétien de Troyes)

    Chrétien de Troyes: …wife of his overlord Arthur; Yvain, a brilliant extravaganza, combining the theme of a widow’s too hasty marriage to her husband’s slayer with that of the new husband’s fall from grace and final restoration to favour. Perceval, which Chrétien left unfinished, unites the religious theme of the Holy Grail with…

  • Yvelines (department, France)

    ?le-de-France: Val-de-Marne, Essonne, and Yvelines. ?le-de-France is bounded by the régions of Hauts-de-France to the north, Grand Est to the east, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté to the southeast, Centre to the south, and Normandy to the northwest. The capital is Paris. Area 4,637 square miles (12,011 square km). Pop. (1999) 10,952,011; (2014

  • Yverdon (Switzerland)

    Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: …1825 a boarding school at Yverdon, near Neuchatel. Both schools relied for funds on fee-paying pupils, though some poor children were taken in, and these institutes served as experimental bases for proving his method in its three branches—intellectual, moral, and physical, the latter including vocational and civic training. They also…

  • Yves de Chartres (French bishop)

    Saint Ivo of Chartres, ; feast day May 23), bishop of Chartres who was regarded as the most learned canonist of his age. Of noble birth, Ivo became prior of the canons regular of St. Quentin, Beauvais (c. 1078), and in 1090 Pope Urban II confirmed his election as bishop of Chartres. He was

  • Yves Saint Laurent (fashion brand)

    Stefano Pilati: …at the storied house fashion Yves Saint Laurent (YSL) and head of design (2013–16) at Ermenegildo Zegna.

  • Yves-du-Manoir (stadium, Colombes, France)

    Colombes: …is known particularly for the Yves-du-Manoir sports stadium, built for the 1924 Olympic Games, which has 65,000 seats. Henrietta Maria of England died in 1669 on her estate outside the original village of Colombes. Industries include electronics and mechanical and electrical engineering, although industry generally has declined in importance. Pop.…

  • Ywa (Myanmar deity)

    Telakhon: Ywa, a withdrawn high god whose offer of the book to their ancestors was ignored, would then return to deliver the Karen from oppression by the Burmans or the British. The cult was founded in the mid-19th century by Con Yu. It banned traditional animal…

  • YWCA (Christian lay movement)

    Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), nonsectarian Christian organization that aims “to advance the physical, social, intellectual, moral, and spiritual interests of young women.” The recreational, educational, and spiritual aspects of its program are symbolized in its insignia, a blue

  • Yzdkrt I (Sāsānian king)

    Yazdegerd I , king of the Sāsānian Empire (reigned 399–420). Yazdegerd was a highly intelligent ruler who tried to emancipate himself from the dominion of the magnates and of the Magi (a priestly caste serving a number of religions); thus, his reign is viewed differently by Christian and Magian

  • Yzdkrt II (Sāsānian king)

    Yazdegerd II, king of the Sāsānian dynasty (reigned 438–457), the son and successor of Bahrām V. Although Yazdegerd was at first tolerant of the Christians, he remained a zealous Zoroastrian and later persecuted both Christians and Jews. He was engaged in a short war with Rome in 442 and also

  • Yzdkrt III (Sāsānian king)

    Yazdegerd III, the last king of the Sāsānian dynasty (reigned 632–651), the son of Shahryār and a grandson of Khosrow II. A mere child when he was placed on the throne, Yazdegerd never actually exercised power. In his first year the Arab invasion began, and in 636/637 the Battle of al-Qādisīyah on

  • Yzerman, Stephen Gregory (Canadian hockey player and manager)

    Steve Yzerman, Canadian American professional ice hockey player who—as the longest-serving captain in National Hockey League (NHL) history—led the Detroit Red Wings to three Stanley Cup championships (1997, 1998, and 2002). From 1981 to 1983 Yzerman played centre with the Peterborough Petes of the

  • Yzerman, Steve (Canadian hockey player and manager)

    Steve Yzerman, Canadian American professional ice hockey player who—as the longest-serving captain in National Hockey League (NHL) history—led the Detroit Red Wings to three Stanley Cup championships (1997, 1998, and 2002). From 1981 to 1983 Yzerman played centre with the Peterborough Petes of the

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